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Reference : HD 25

Author(s) : Dyubeni, L. and L. V. Buwa
Title : An ethnobotanical study of plants used for the treatment of ear, nose and throat (ENT) infections in Nkonkobe Municipality, South Africa Journal of Medicinal Plants Research Vol. 6(14), pp. 2721-2726, 16 April, 2012 http://www.academicjournals.org/JMPR/PDF/pdf2012/16Apr/Dyubeni%20and%20Buwa.pdf
Reference HD 25 has information about 27 plants :
Allium sativum L.
Official name : Allium sativum L.
Family : Alliaceae
Symptoms : H(053), H(118)
Recipes : H(118) throat infection (Umqala obuhlungu, Izilonda emqaleni) decoction of leaf and bulb of Allium sativum is taken orally and cloves of the bulb may be chewed to treat throat infections.
H(053) ear infections (Indlebe ebuhlungu, Izilonda endlebeni)., leaves are warmed. The juice is squeezed onto the ear to relieve earache.
Region : South Africa
Country : South Africa (municipality of Nkonkobe)
Vernacular name : ivimbampunzi (Xhosa)
Artemisia afra Jacq. ex Willd.
Official name : Artemisia afra Jacq. ex Willd.
Family : Asteraceae
Symptoms : H(053), H(108)
Recipes : H(053) ear infections (Indlebe ebuhlungu, Izilonda endlebeni). leaves of Artemisia afra are boiled and the warm brew is dropped into the ear to relieve earache
H(108) nose infections (Izilonda empumlweni, Umongoza) fresh leaves are used raw and are inserted into the nostrils to help blocked nose and infection.
Region : South Africa
Country : South Africa (municipality of Nkonkobe)
Vernacular name : umhlonyane (Xhosa)
Asclepias fruticosa L.
Official name : Asclepias fruticosa L.
Family : Apocynaceae
Symptoms : H(108)
Recipes : H(108) nose infections (Izilonda empumlweni, Umongoza), leaves are dried and powdered and are snuffed.
Region : South Africa
Country : South Africa (municipality of Nkonkobe)
Vernacular name : igwada (Xhosa)
Aster bakerianus Burtt Davy ex C.A. Sm.
Official name : Aster bakerianus Burtt Davy ex C.A. Sm.
Family : Asteraceae
Symptoms : H(108)
Recipes : H(108) nose infections (Izilonda empumlweni, Umongoza) dried, powdered roots of Aster bakerianus are snuffed to relieve nose infection.
Region : South Africa
Country : South Africa (municipality of Nkonkobe)
Vernacular name : unozixekana (Xhosa)
Bersama tysoniana Oliv.
Official name : Bersama tysoniana Oliv.
Family : Melianthaceae
Symptoms : H(118)
Recipes : H(118) throat infection (Umqala obuhlungu, Izilonda emqaleni), bark of Bersama tysoniana is chewed to treat throat infections. Tea made from boiling bark is taken orally.
Region : South Africa
Country : South Africa (municipality of Nkonkobe)
Vernacular name : isibhara (Xhosa)
Carpobrotus edulis (L.) N.E.Br.
Official name : Carpobrotus edulis (L.) N.E.Br.
Family : Aizoaceae
Symptoms : H(053), H(118)
Recipes : H(118) throat infection (Umqala obuhlungu, Izilonda emqaleni), fresh leaf juice is taken orally or gargled to treat infections of the throat.
H(053) ear infections (Indlebe ebuhlungu, Izilonda endlebeni)., leaves are warmed. The juice squeezed onto the ear to relieve earache.
Region : South Africa
Country : South Africa (municipality of Nkonkobe)
Vernacular name : igcukuma (Xhosa)
Celtis africana Burm. f.
Official name : Celtis africana Burm. f.
Family : Ulmaceae
Symptoms : H(118)
Recipes : H(118) throat infection (Umqala obuhlungu, Izilonda emqaleni), tea made from the bark of Celtis africana is taken orally and the bark may be chewed to relieve sore throat.
Region : South Africa
Country : South Africa (municipality of Nkonkobe)
Vernacular name : umnonono (Xhosa)
Clutia pulchella L.
Official name : Clutia pulchella L.
Family : Euphorbiaceae
Symptoms : H(108)
Recipes : H(108) nose infections (Izilonda empumlweni, Umongoza), bark of Clutia pulchella is ground into powder wich is snuffed
Region : South Africa
Country : South Africa (municipality of Nkonkobe)
Vernacular name : umbheso (Xhosa)
Cotyledon orbiculata L.
Official name : Cotyledon orbiculata L.
Family : Crassulaceae
Symptoms : H(053)
Recipes : H(053) ear infections (Indlebe ebuhlungu, Izilonda endlebeni)., leaves of Cotyledon orbiculata are heated and the warm leaf juice is dropped inside the ear.
Region : South Africa
Country : South Africa (municipality of Nkonkobe)
Vernacular name : imphewula (Xhosa)
Erythrina caffra Thunb.
Official name : Erythrina caffra Thunb.
Family : Fabaceae
Symptoms : H(053)
Recipes : H(053) ear infections (Indlebe ebuhlungu, Izilonda endlebeni)., infusions of the leaves are used as ear drops to relieve earache.
Region : South Africa
Country : South Africa (municipality of Nkonkobe)
Vernacular name : umsintsi (Xhosa)
Helichrysum gymnocomum Mill.
Official name : Helichrysum gymnocomum Mill.
Family : Asteraceae
Symptoms : H(108), H(118)
Recipes : H(118) throat infection (Umqala obuhlungu, Izilonda emqaleni); leaves are boiled in water and taken orally.
H(108) nose infections (Izilonda empumlweni, Umongoza), dried, powdered leaves are used as a snuff.
Region : South Africa
Country : South Africa (municipality of Nkonkobe)
Vernacular name : impepho (Xhosa)
Leonotis leonurus (L.) R.Br.
Official name : Leonotis leonurus (L.) R.Br.
Family : Lamiaceae
Symptoms : H(118)
Recipes : H(118) throat infection (Umqala obuhlungu, Izilonda emqaleni), decoction of leaves and roots of de Leonotis leonurus and taken orally to treat throat infections.
Region : South Africa
Country : South Africa (municipality of Nkonkobe)
Vernacular name : umficamficane (Xhosa)
Lippia javanica (Burm. f.) Spreng.
Official name : Lippia javanica (Burm. f.) Spreng.
Family : Verbenaceae
Symptoms : H(108)
Recipes : H(108) nose infections (Izilonda empumlweni, Umongoza), dried, powdered leaves of Lippia javanica are used as a snuff.
Region : South Africa
Country : South Africa (municipality of Nkonkobe)
Vernacular name : inzinziniba
Mentha longifolia (L.) L.
Official name : Mentha longifolia (L.) L.
Family : Lamiaceae
Symptoms : H(108)
Recipes : H(108) nose infections (Izilonda empumlweni, umongoza), dried, powdered leaves are used as a snuff.
Region : South Africa
Country : South Africa (municipality of Nkonkobe)
Vernacular name : inxina (Xhosa)
Olea europaea L.
Official name : Olea europaea L.
Family : Oleaceae
Symptoms : H(118)
Recipes : H(118) throat infection (Umqala obuhlungu, Izilonda emqaleni), tea from boiled leaves of Olea europaea is gargled to treat sore throat.
Region : South Africa
Country : South Africa (municipality of Nkonkobe)
Vernacular name : umnquma (Xhosa)
Pelargonium sidoides DC.
Official name : Pelargonium sidoides DC.
Family : Geraniaceae
Symptoms : H(118)
Recipes : H(118) throat infection (Umqala obuhlungu, Izilonda emqaleni), roots of Pelargonium sidoides are boiled and taken orally.
Region : South Africa
Country : South Africa (municipality of Nkonkobe)
Vernacular name : umsongelo (Xhosa)
Ruta graveolens L.
Official name : Ruta graveolens L.
Family : Rutaceae
Symptoms : H(053)
Recipes : H(053) ear infections (Indlebe ebuhlungu, Izilonda endlebeni)., rolled up, bruised leaves are packed into the ear to relieve earache.
Region : South Africa
Country : South Africa (municipality of Nkonkobe)
Vernacular name : iyeza lomoya
Salvia microphylla Kunth
Official name : Salvia microphylla Kunth
Family : Lamiaceae
Symptoms : H(118)
Recipes : H(118) throat infection (umqala obuhlungu, Izilonda emqaleni), leaves are boiled; also they can be chewed raw.
H(118) to cure sore throat, leaves are chewed .
H(118) throat infection , tea made from leaves, VO.
Region : South Africa
Country : South Africa (municipality of Nkonkobe)
Vernacular name : isikhikhi (Xhosa)
Sansevieria hyacinthoides (L.) Druce
Official name : Sansevieria hyacinthoides (L.) Druce
Family : Dracaenaceae
Symptoms : H(053)
Recipes : H(053) ear infections (Indlebe ebuhlungu, Izilonda endlebeni)., the warm leaf juice of Sansevieria hyacinthoides squeezed into the ear.
Region : South Africa
Country : South Africa (municipality of Nkonkobe)
Vernacular name : skholokotho (Xhosa)
Tarchonanthus camphoratus L.
Official name : Tarchonanthus camphoratus L.
Family : Asteraceae
Symptoms : H(118)
Recipes : H(118) throat infection (Umqala obuhlungu, Izilonda emqaleni) infusions and tinctures of the leaves and twigs, VO.
Region : South Africa
Country : South Africa (municipality of Nkonkobe)
Vernacular name : umathola (Xhosa)