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Reference : HD 28

Author(s) : Debray, M.
Title : Médecine et Pharmacopée Traditionnelles à Madagascar Etudes Médicales, n° 4, pp. 69 - 85, mars 1975 http://horizon.documentation.ird.fr/exl-doc/pleins_textes/doc34-08/21760.pdf
Reference HD 28 has information about 43 plants :
Abrus precatorius L.
Official name : Abrus precatorius L.
Family : Fabaceae
Symptoms : H(037)
Recipes : H (037) cough, Abrus precatorius, liana with red and black seeds whose leaves are chewed or drunk as a tea
Region : Madagascar
Country : Madagascar
Vernacular name : voamaintilany.
Agauria salicifolia (Comm. ex Lam.) Hook.f. ex Oliv.
Official name : Agauria salicifolia (Comm. ex Lam.) Hook.f. ex Oliv.
Family : Ericaceae
Synonyms : Agauria polyphylla Baker
Symptoms : H(004), H(014)
Recipes : H(004) ulcerous sores,H(014) some dermatoses, dry leaf powder of Agauria salicifolia is used for external use (grows on the hills of the Highlands)
Region : Madagascar
Country : Madagascar
Vernacular name : angavodiandrano.
Ageratum conyzoides L.
Official name : Ageratum conyzoides L.
Family : Asteraceae
Symptoms : H(037), H(104)
Recipes : H(037) cough, H(104) stomach ache, decoction of the aerial parts of Ageratum conyzoides
Region : Madagascar
Country : Madagascar
Vernacular name : aanjazavavy (brède des jeunes filles).
Aphloia madagascariensis Clos
Official name : Aphloia madagascariensis Clos
Family : Flacourtiaceae
Symptoms : H(007), H(069), H(135)
Recipes : H(007) diuretic, H(069) choleretic, H(135) digestive properties, malagasy tea from Aphloia madagascariensis
Region : Madagascar
Country : Madagascar
Vernacular name : voafotsy (fruit blanc).
Brachylaena ramiflora (DC.) Humbert
Official name : Brachylaena ramiflora (DC.) Humbert
Family : Asteraceae
Symptoms : H(171)
Recipes : H(171) antidiabetic ONS. of Cajanus cajan associated with Psiadia salviaefolia, Passiflora incarnata, Helichrysum faradifani, Brachylaena ramiflora, RNS.
Region : Madagascar
Country : Madagascar
Vernacular name : not communicated by the author
Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp.
Official name : Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp.
Family : Fabaceae
Synonyms : Cajanus indicus Spreng.
Symptoms : H(027y), H(103), H(124), H(151), H(171)
Recipes : H(103) anti toothache, ONS. of Cajanus cajan associated with Trema orientalis, RNS.
H(171) antidiabetic ONS. of Cajanus cajan associated with Psiadia salviaefolia, Passiflora incarnata, Helichrysum faradifani, Brachylaena ramiflora, RNS.
H(027y), H(124), postpartum haemorrhage, ONS. of Cajanus cajan associated with Drosera madagascariensis, RNS..
H(151) hypertension, ONS. of Cajanus cajan associated with Passiflora incarnata, RNS.
Region : Madagascar
Country : Madagascar
Vernacular name : amberivatry.
Cannabis sativa L. subsp. indica (Lam.) Small & Cronquist
Official name : Cannabis sativa L. subsp. indica (Lam.) Small & Cronquist
Family : Cannabaceae
Symptoms : H(210)
Recipes : H(210) narcotic, hypnotic drugs, euphoric
Region : Madagascar
Country : Madagascar
Vernacular name : rongono.
Cassia occidentalis L.
Official name : Cassia occidentalis L.
Family : Fabaceae
Synonyms : Senna occidentalis (L.) Link
Symptoms : H(100)
Recipes : H(100) gonorrhea , ONS. of Dianella ensifolia, Cassia occidentalis, Phyllarthron madagascariense, Clematis mauritiana, Helichrysum sp., etc), RNS.
Region : Madagascar
Country : Madagascar
Vernacular name : not communicated by the author
Catha edulis (Vahl) Forssk. ex Endl.
Official name : Catha edulis (Vahl) Forssk. ex Endl.
Family : Celastraceae
Symptoms : H(210)
Recipes : H(210) narcotic, hypnotic drugs, euphoric, ONS., RNS
Region : Madagascar
Country : Madagascar
Vernacular name : kat, cath.
Cedrelopsis grevei Baill.
Official name : Cedrelopsis grevei Baill.
Family : Rutaceae
Symptoms : H(018), H(091), H(137)
Recipes : H(018) bark decoction of dry powdered Cedrelopsis grevei, applied to the forehead, calm headache
H (091) decoction would be very but bitter tonic and fortifying + H (139) aphrodisiac, it also calm H (104) stomach ache
H(137) dry powdered bark decoction laid on fractures relieve pain
Region : Madagascar
Country : Madagascar
Vernacular name : katrafay.
Centella asiatica (L.) Urb.
Official name : Centella asiatica (L.) Urb.
Family : Apiaceae
Symptoms : H(173)
Recipes : H(173) leprosy, ONS., RNS.
Region : Madagascar
Country : Madagascar
Vernacular name : talapetraka, korokorona.
Cerbera venenifera (Poir.) Steud.
Official name : Cerbera venenifera (Poir.) Steud.
Family : Apocynaceae
Symptoms : H(092)
Recipes : H (092) toxic almond: one third of almond ingested by man provokes violent vomiting, copious stools, dizziness and sweating. Commonly used as a poison test in the last century
Region : Madagascar
Country : Madagascar
Vernacular name : tangena, tanghin.
Clematis mauritiana Lam.
Official name : Clematis mauritiana Lam.
Family : Ranunculaceae
Symptoms : H(100)
Recipes : H(100) gonorrhea , ONS. of Dianella ensifolia, Cassia occidentalis, Phyllarthron madagascariense, Clematis mauritiana, Helichrysum sp., etc), RNS.
Region : Madagascar
Country : Madagascar
Vernacular name : not communicated by the author
Cussonia bojeri Seem.
Official name : Cussonia bojeri Seem.
Family : Araliaceae
Symptoms : H(091), H(104), H(115), H(126)
Recipes : H(104) stomach ache, H(126) liver diseases, H(091) fortifying used in cases of anorexia, H(115) neuralgic, ONS., RNS.
Region : Madagascar
Country : Madagascar
Vernacular name : voantsilana, tsingila.
Dianella ensifolia (L.) DC.
Official name : Dianella ensifolia (L.) DC.
Family : Phormiaceae
Symptoms : H(006), H(068), H(091), H(099), H(100), H(104)
Recipes : H(100) gonorrhea , ONS. of Dianella ensifolia, Cassia occidentalis, Phyllarthron madagascariense, Clematis mauritiana, Helichrysum sp., etc), RNS.
H(006) laxative, H(068) vermifuge, H(091)stimulant du système nerveux et H(099) action sédative sur les douleurs dorsales et H(104) stomachache
Region : Madagascar
Country : Madagascar
Vernacular name : voamasonomby, tsivazavazaha.
Drosera madagascariensis DC.
Official name : Drosera madagascariensis DC.
Family : Droseraceae
Symptoms : H(027y), H(124)
Recipes : H(027y), H(124), postpartum haemorrhage, ONS. of Cajanus cajan associated with Drosera madagascariensis, RNS..
Region : Madagascar
Country : Madagascar
Vernacular name : not communicated by the author
Eugenia jambolana Lam.
Official name : Eugenia jambolana Lam.
Family : Myrtaceae
Symptoms : H(003), H(008), H(115)
Recipes : H(008) Eugenia jambolana bark is used as an anti-diarrheal,, RNS.
H(115) anti-neuralgic, H(003), bruises and sprains, barks in local applications, RNS.
Region : Madagascar
Country : Madagascar
Vernacular name : rotra.
Harungana madagascariensis Lam. ex Poir.
Official name : Harungana madagascariensis Lam. ex Poir.
Family : Hypericaceae
Symptoms : H(037), H(082)
Recipes : H(082) asthma,H(037) cough with expectoration of blood, bark decoction of Harungana madagascariensis taken four times per day
Region : Madagascar
Country : Madagascar
Vernacular name : choisy, harongana.
Hazunta modesta subvar. methuenii --
Official name : Hazunta modesta subvar. methuenii --
Family : Apocynaceae
Symptoms : H(004), H(091)
Recipes : H(004) roots of Hazunta modesta roasted and pulverized are applied to the oozing or suppurative wounds
H(091) decoction of stems is used as a tonic for infants
Region : Madagascar
Country : Madagascar
Vernacular name : feka.
Helichrysum faradifani Scott-Elliot
Official name : Helichrysum faradifani Scott-Elliot
Family : Asteraceae
Symptoms : H(171)
Recipes : H(171) antidiabetic ONS. of Cajanus cajan associated with Psiadia salviaefolia, Passiflora incarnata, Helichrysum faradifani, Brachylaena ramiflora, RNS.
Region : Madagascar
Country : Madagascar
Vernacular name : not communicated by the author
Helichrysum gymnocephalum (DC.) Humbert
Official name : Helichrysum gymnocephalum (DC.) Humbert
Family : Asteraceae
Symptoms : H(208)
Recipes : H(208) Helichrysum gymnocephalum improves the flavor teas in which it is incorporated..
Region : Madagascar
Country : Madagascar
Vernacular name : rambiazina
Henonia scoparia Moq.
Official name : Henonia scoparia Moq.
Family : Amaranthaceae
Symptoms : H(008), H(018)
Recipes : H(008) antidiarrheal, decoction of stems with leaves of Henonia scoparia, RNS
H(018) Henonia scoparia plant is used in inhalation against childhood headaches
Region : Madagascar
Country : Madagascar
Vernacular name : kifafa (qui nettoie).
Lantana camara L.
Official name : Lantana camara L.
Family : Verbenaceae
Synonyms : Lantana antidotalis Thonning.
Symptoms : H(152)
Recipes : H(152) leaves decoction of Lantana camara (remarkable hypotensive properties), this action would be strengthened by associating Lygodium lanceolatum leaves.
Region : Madagascar
Country : Madagascar
Vernacular name : voamasonomby radriaka.
Lycopodium phlegmaria L.
Official name : Lycopodium phlegmaria L.
Family : Lycopodiaceae
Symptoms : H(210)
Recipes : H(210) Lycopodium phlegmaria substitute marijuana. Mixed with tobacco and smoked or fresh in decoction, it would be exciting and antifatigue properties
H(210) used to dope competitors in the wrestling competition(ringa) and in the fighting of cocks and bulls
Region : Madagascar
Country : Madagascar
Vernacular name : somoro.
Lygodium lanceolatum Desv.
Official name : Lygodium lanceolatum Desv.
Family : Lygodiaceae
Symptoms : H(015x), H(036), H(082), H(126), H(152)
Recipes : Lygodium lanceolatum enters in preparations against H(015x)albuminuria, H(036) dizziness, H(082) asthma attacks, H(126) liver diseases, H(152) hypotension
H(152) decoction of leaves of Lantana camara (remarkable hypotensive), this action would be strengthened by associating leaves of Lygodium lanceolatum.
Region : Madagascar
Country : Madagascar
Vernacular name : karakaratoloha.
Menabea venenata Baill.
Official name : Menabea venenata Baill.
Family : Apocynaceae
Symptoms : H(031), H(092), H(100), H(112), H(179)
Recipes : H(092) root of Menabea venenata replaced in the ordeal seeds of "tanghin"
A low dose to treat H(031) intercostal pain, H(179) backache, H(100) stop the flow of certain venereal diseases. In high doses it becomes H(112) abortive and H(092) toxic.
Region : Madagascar
Country : Madagascar
Vernacular name : kisopo, tanghin sakalave.
Mollugo nudicaulis Lam.
Official name : Mollugo nudicaulis Lam.
Family : Molluginaceae
Symptoms : H(037)
Recipes : H(037) Mollugo nudicaulis sold on the market and used for its antitussive properties, ONS., RNS.
Region : Madagascar
Country : Madagascar
Vernacular name : aferontany
Mystroxylon aethiopicum (Thunb.) Loes
Official name : Mystroxylon aethiopicum (Thunb.) Loes
Family : Celastraceae
Symptoms : H(022)
Recipes : H(022), Toddalia asiatica associated with Mystroxylon aethiopicum would be oxytocic
Region : Madagascar
Country : Madagascar
Vernacular name : not communicated by the author
Mystroxylon aethiopicum (Thunb.) Loes
Official name : Mystroxylon aethiopicum (Thunb.) Loes
Family : Celastraceae
Symptoms : H(008), H(037), H(091)
Recipes : H(008), in the South West, the decoction of the bark of Mystroxylon aethiopicum is antidiarrheal, H(091) stimulant, relaxing andH(037) active in the lung.
In the region of highlands, this plant is used for H(104) stomach ache, H(151) hypertension, H(126) liver diseases, H(115) neuralgia. It is also active against H(015x) albuminuria as H(007) diuretic andH(022) oxytocic
Region : Madagascar
Country : Madagascar
Vernacular name : fanazava, montso.
Passiflora edulis Sims
Official name : Passiflora edulis Sims
Family : Passifloraceae
Synonyms : Passiflora incarnata L.
Symptoms : H(151), H(171)
Recipes : H(151) hypertension, ONS. of Cajanus cajan associated with Passiflora incarnata (Passiflora edulis), RNS.
H(171) antidiabetic ONS. of Cajanus cajan associated with Psiadia salviaefolia, Passiflora incarnata, Helichrysum faradifani, Brachylaena ramiflora, RNS.
Region : Madagascar
Country : Madagascar
Vernacular name : not communicated by the author
Perriera madagascariensis Courchet
Official name : Perriera madagascariensis Courchet
Family : Simaroubaceae
Symptoms : H(091)
Recipes : H(091) bark very bitter of Perriera madagascariensis used in small doses as a tonic.
Region : Madagascar
Country : Madagascar
Vernacular name : kirondro.
Phyllarthron madagascariense K. Schum.
Official name : Phyllarthron madagascariense K. Schum.
Family : Bignoniaceae
Symptoms : H(100)
Recipes : H(100) gonorrhea , ONS. of Dianella ensifolia, Cassia occidentalis, Phyllarthron madagascariense, Clematis mauritiana, Helichrysum sp., etc), RNS.
Region : Madagascar
Country : Madagascar
Vernacular name : not communicated by the author
Pothos chapelieri Schott
Official name : Pothos chapelieri Schott
Family : Araceae
Symptoms : H(104), H(171), H(138), H(210x)
Recipes : H (104) stomachache, decoction of leaves and stem bark of Pothos chapelieri, RNS.
H(171) diabetes, decoction of stems with leaves mixed with those of Ravenale, VO. (?)
H (210x) decoction of leafy stems suppresses the symptoms of alcohol intoxication.
H(138), chewing fresh plant removes the taste of tobacco.
Region : Madagascar
Country : Madagascar
Vernacular name : ramatsatso (qui est fade).
Prunus africana (Hook. f.) Kalkman
Official name : Prunus africana (Hook. f.) Kalkman
Family : Rosaceae
Synonyms : Pygeum africanum Hook. f.
Symptoms : H(038)
Recipes : H(038) urinary disorders with old people, ONS, RNS (Grows on MontTsaratanana and slopes of the island.)
Region : Madagascar
Country : Madagascar
Vernacular name : not communicated by the author
Psiadia salviaefolia Baker
Official name : Psiadia salviaefolia Baker
Family : Asteraceae
Symptoms : H(171)
Recipes : H(171) antidiabetic ONS. of Cajanus cajan associated with Psiadia salviaefolia, Passiflora incarnata, Helichrysum faradifani, Brachylaena ramiflora, RNS.
Region : Madagascar
Country : Madagascar
Vernacular name : not communicated by the author
Roupellina boivini (Baillon) Pichon
Official name : Roupellina boivini (Baillon) Pichon
Family : Apocynaceae
Symptoms : H(013), H(092)
Recipes : H(013) bark decoction of Roupellina boivini is used as antipruritic lotion in external use
H(092) ingestion of all parts of the plant is toxic (abundant throughout the northern and western Madagascar)
Region : Madagascar
Country : Madagascar
Vernacular name : lalondo, hiba.
Sida rhombifolia L.
Official name : Sida rhombifolia L.
Family : Malvaceae
Symptoms : H(099x)
Recipes : H(099x), this plant would have exciting properties (For Betsimisaraka on the east coast)
Region : Madagascar
Country : Madagascar
Vernacular name : sandroky
Tachiadenus longiflorus Griseb.
Official name : Tachiadenus longiflorus Griseb.
Family : Gentianaceae
Symptoms : H(135)
Recipes : H(135) digestive problems, very bitter decoction, its action would become purgative and at high dose laxative, ONS., RNS.
Region : Madagascar
Country : Madagascar
Vernacular name : tapabatana.
Tamarindus indica L.
Official name : Tamarindus indica L.
Family : Fabaceae
Synonyms : Tamarindus erythraea Mattei
Symptoms : H(006), H(037), H(095)
Recipes : H(006) the decoction of rape fruit pulp of Tamarindus indica is laxative
H(037) inner bark infusion, calm coughs
H(095) fruits are consumed.
Region : Madagascar
Country : Madagascar
Vernacular name : kily.
Toddalia aculeata Pers.
Official name : Toddalia aculeata Pers.
Family : Rutaceae
Synonyms : Toddalia asiatica (L.) Lam.
Symptoms : H(004), H(007), H(015x), H(022), H(099), H(100), H(126), H(151)
Recipes : Toddalia asiatica reported as H(007) diuretic, H(099) sedative, reported for H(126) liver diseases, H (151) hypertension, H (004) wounds, H (100) syphilis, H (015x) albuminuria
H(022), Toddalia asiatica associated with Mystroxylon aethiopicum would be oxytocic
Region : Madagascar
Country : Madagascar
Vernacular name : anakatsimba.
Trema orientalis (L.) Blume
Official name : Trema orientalis (L.) Blume
Family : Ulmaceae
Synonyms : Sponia orientalis var. affinis (Planch.) Baker , Trema guineensis (Schum. & Thonn. ) Ficalho
Symptoms : H(103)
Recipes : H(103) anti toothache, ONS. of Cajanus cajan associated with Trema orientalis, RNS.
Region : Madagascar
Country : Madagascar
Vernacular name : not communicated by the author
Urera acuminata (Poir.) Gaudich. ex Decne.
Official name : Urera acuminata (Poir.) Gaudich. ex Decne.
Family : Urticaceae
Symptoms : H(022)
Recipes : H(022) Urera acuminata associated Embelia concinna, Cyathula uncinulata and Mystroxylon aethiopicum have oxytocic properties, ONS, RNS.
Region : Madagascar
Country : Madagascar
Vernacular name : sampivato.
Woodfordia fruticosa (L.) Kurz
Official name : Woodfordia fruticosa (L.) Kurz
Family : Lythraceae
Symptoms : H(139)
Recipes : H(139) Woodfordia fruticosa used by the Malagasy for its aphrodisiac properties: it would bark and root wood that would be the most active.
Region : Madagascar
Country : Madagascar
Vernacular name : lamboenza.