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Reference : HD 34

Author(s) : Denver D., T. Blouws, O. Aboyade, D. Gibson, J. De Jong, C Van t' Klooster, G. Hughes
Title : Traditional health practitioners' perceptions, herbal treatment and management of HIV and related opportunistic infections. Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine, 10:77 (2014) doi:10.1186/1746-4269-10-77
Reference HD 34 has information about 17 plants :
Agathosma apiculata E. Mey.
Official name : Agathosma apiculata E. Mey.
Family : Rutaceae
Symptoms : H(100), H(037), H(104), H(182)
Recipes : H(100) HIV and opportunistic infections, leaves of Agathosma apiculata are crushed into a pulp and applied directly to the skin or mixed with Vaseline.. Used externally to treat shingles and other skin infections, such as sores around the mouth and genitals
Region : South Africa
Country : South Africa (Western Cape, Eastern Cape)
Vernacular name : honey buchu (English); umbhucu (Zulu)
Alepidea capensis (P. J. Bergius) R.A. Dyer
Official name : Alepidea capensis (P. J. Bergius) R.A. Dyer
Family : Apiaceae
Symptoms : H(100), H(037), H(104), H(182), H(201)
Recipes : H(100) HIV and opportunistic infections, decoction of dried roots of Alepidea capensis (a few dried roots boiled in 200 ml water) is used for abdominal and chest pain associated with HIV and tuberculosis. Dried stems and roots are smoked, or powdered and taken as snuff.
H(201) Used as incense to communicate with the ancestors. Inhaling the smoke can result in hallucinogenic sensations and “bad” dreams.
Region : South Africa
Country : South Africa (Western Cape, Eastern Cape)
Vernacular name : large tinsel flower (English) iqwili (Zulu)
Aloe ferox Miller
Official name : Aloe ferox Miller
Family : Asphodelaceae
Symptoms : H(100), H(037), H(104), H(182)
Recipes : H(100) HIV and opportunistic infections, leaves of Aloe ferox are cut into cubes and dried. They form black crystals which are consumed as a purgative and immune booster. The sap of Aloe is applied to skin for shingles and thrush.
Region : South Africa
Country : South Africa (Western Cape, Eastern Cape)
Vernacular name : bitter aloe, red aloe (English); ikhalana, ikhala, intelezi (Zulu)
Asparagus densiflorus (Kunth) Jessop
Official name : Asparagus densiflorus (Kunth) Jessop
Family : Asparagaceae
Symptoms : H(100), H(037), H(091), H(104), H(182)
Recipes : H(100) HIV and opportunistic infections, infusion of the plants leaves is used to treat abdominal pain, as a general tonic and immune booster and as a cleansing agent to rid the body of “poison.”. Also used to treat thrush and ulcers in the mouth associated with HIV. Healers reported that uNwele is one of the "strongest” plants used for HIV.
Region : South Africa
Country : South Africa (Western Cape, Eastern Cape)
Vernacular name : uNwele (Zulu)
Bulbine alooides (L.) Willd.
Official name : Bulbine alooides (L.) Willd.
Family : Asphodelaceae
Symptoms : H(100), H(037), H(104), H(182)
Recipes : H(100) HIV and opportunistic infections, sap of Bulbine alooides is used internally as a purgative and externally, applied directly to the skin, to treat shingles and thrush. Healers reported that it is a blood purifier attributable to the reddish colour of the sap.
Region : South Africa
Country : South Africa (Western Cape, Eastern Cape)
Vernacular name : rooiwater (Red water)
Cussonia paniculata Eckl. & Zeyh.
Official name : Cussonia paniculata Eckl. & Zeyh.
Family : Araliaceae
Symptoms : H(100), H(037), H(051), H(091), H(104), H(182)
Recipes : H(100) HIV and opportunistic infections, leaves of Cussonia paniculata are used to combat indigestion and as a purgative. The leaves can be chewed straight from the tree or used in a decoction. The bark and leaves are utilised together on the skin to treat shingles or drank as part of a remedy to treat HIV symptoms.
H(091) this is also given as a general immune booster and tonic.
H(051) paludism, also reported that they use the roots of the plant as a treatment for malaria.
Region : South Africa
Country : South Africa (Western Cape, Eastern Cape)
Vernacular name : mountain cabbage tree (English); umsenge (Zulu)
Cussonia spicata Thumb.
Official name : Cussonia spicata Thumb.
Family : Araliaceae
Symptoms : H(006), H(051), H(100), H(037), H(051), H(091), H(100), H(104), H(182)
Recipes : H(100) HIV and opportunistic infections, flowers, roots, fruit and stems of Cussonia spicata are used to treat shingles by directly applying to the skin
. H(006) used as a purgative, H(091) a general tonic and an immune booster.
H(051) paludism, The flowers and roots are used to treat malaria, H(104) stomach complaints and H(100) venereal disease. The fruits are eaten raw or in a decoction
Region : South Africa
Country : South Africa (Western Cape, Eastern Cape)
Vernacular name : wild cabbage tree (English), intsenge (Zulu)
Foeniculum vulgare Mill.
Official name : Foeniculum vulgare Mill.
Family : Apiaceae
Symptoms : H(006), H(100), H(037), H(104), H(113), H(182)
Recipes : H(100) HIV and opportunistic infections, leaves of Foeniculum vulgare it as a diuretic, anti-spasmodic and calmative herb. The plant is utilised internally and externally in decoctions (50 g of fennel leaves to 500 ml water) to treat l thrush as well as thrush of the mouth in cases of HIV infection.
H(006) frequently used to treat tuberculosis.
H(037), H(113) administered to the chest and given as a warm brew in a remedy to treat coughs, chest pains and inflammation
Region : South Africa
Country : South Africa (Western Cape, Eastern Cape)
Vernacular name : fennel (English); imboziso (Zulu)
Helichrysum herbaceum (Andrews) Sweet
Official name : Helichrysum herbaceum (Andrews) Sweet
Family : Asteraceae
Symptoms : H(100), H(037), H(104), H(182)
Recipes : H(100) HIV and opportunistic infections, roots of Helichrysum herbaceum used to treat pain and fever, stomach ‘complaints’, worms and chest complaints associated with tuberculosis. For respiratory problems (such as tuberculosis) the roots are pulverized, boiled and used in a mixture.
The roots and bark are used as an ingredient in a variety of remedies.drank as syrup.
Region : South Africa
Country : South Africa (Western Cape, Eastern Cape)
Vernacular name : natal guarri, natal ebony or large-leaved guarri (English); umtshekesane (Zulu)
Hypoxis hemerocallidea Fisch. & Avé-Lall.
Official name : Hypoxis hemerocallidea Fisch. & Avé-Lall.
Family : Hypoxidaceae
Symptoms : H(100), H(037), H(051), H(078), H(104), H(178), H(182)
Recipes : H(100) HIV and opportunistic infections, dried root of Hypoxis hemerocallidea is grated and added to a remedy for HIV symptoms.
H(037) used to treat tuberculosis, H(078) internal cancers, H(051) paludism, and H(178) heart diseases. The plant is highly regarded among healers to treat HIV.
Region : South Africa
Country : South Africa (Western Cape, Eastern Cape)
Vernacular name : african potato (English); inkomfe (Zulu)
Leonotis leonurus (L.) R.Br.
Official name : Leonotis leonurus (L.) R.Br.
Family : Lamiaceae
Symptoms : H(022), H(100), H(037), H(104), H(182)
Recipes : H(100) HIV and opportunistic infections, fresh leaves of Leonotis leonurus are applied as a dressing to septic ulcers and sores. The bulb is sliced and boiled in a remedy as a diuretic. The stem and flowers are boiled with water and drank as syrup.
H(037) Used in a remedy for chest complaints associated with tuberculosis.
H(022) A pulp of the same parts is applied to the abdomen of a woman who is struggling to conceive. This later treatment includes prayers to the ancestors, as well as other rituals such as burning dried imphepho over the abdomen of the woman.
Region : South Africa
Country : South Africa (Western Cape, Eastern Cape)
Vernacular name : march flower; hlodlwana flower (English); hlodlwana (Zulu)
Lessertia frutescens (L.) Goldblatt & J.C. Manning
Official name : Lessertia frutescens (L.) Goldblatt & J.C. Manning
Family : Fabaceae
Symptoms : H(100), H(037), H(104), H(182)
Recipes : H(100) HIV and opportunistic infections, leaves of Lessertia frutescens are used in a remedy to treat HIV as well as for HIV-tuberculosis co-infection. The plant is also used to treat people with suspected cancer.
H(091) healers use it as a blood-purifier, an all-purpose tonic, anti-depressant and for respiratory conditions associated with tuberculosis such as asthma, bronchitis, influenza, wasting and bronchitis.
Region : South Africa
Country : South Africa (Western Cape, Eastern Cape)
Vernacular name : kankerbossie (afrikaans,); uNwele (Zulu)
Lippia javanica (Burm. f.) Spreng.
Official name : Lippia javanica (Burm. f.) Spreng.
Family : Verbenaceae
Symptoms : H(100), H(037), H(091), H(104), H(182)
Recipes : H(100) HIV and opportunistic infections, applied singly to the skin or mixed with Vaseline to make an ointmen .
H(037) Drank as a tea (approximately 50 g added to a cup of boiling water) for the treatment of coughs, colds and bronchial problems.
Region : South Africa
Country : South Africa (Western Cape, Eastern Cape)
Vernacular name : fever tea/ lemon bush (English); uvevane (Zulu)
Mentha longifolia (L.) L.
Official name : Mentha longifolia (L.) L.
Family : Lamiaceae
Symptoms : H(100), H(037), H(104), H(182)
Recipes : H(100) HIV and opportunistic infections, leaves of Mentha longifolia are used in a remedy to combat abdominal pains and as a purgative. Healers mash the oily leaves into a pulp and apply to the skin for shingles and herpes zoster.
The plant is used in moderation. This was because traditional healers reported that, in the past, some of their livestock died from consuming the plant.
Region : South Africa
Country : South Africa (Western Cape, Eastern Cape)
Vernacular name : imboya (Zulu)
Merwilla plumbea (Lindl.) Speta
Official name : Merwilla plumbea (Lindl.) Speta
Family : Hyacinthaceae
Symptoms : H(100), H(037), H(104), H(182)
Recipes : H(100) HIV and opportunistic infections, bulbs of Merwilla plumbea are used fresh or dried, warmed or even burnt and administered externally to treat shingles in clients with suspected HIV. The lobes of the bulbs are used in a decoction (a few lobes added to 100 ml of boiling water) to treat shingles.. The plant is considered highly toxic when raw and should be handled with extreme caution.
Region : South Africa
Country : South Africa (Western Cape, Eastern Cape)
Vernacular name : Wwld squill, Blue squill, Blue hyacinth, Blouberglelie (Blue mountain Lillie), and Blouslangkop (Blue snake head) (English) ; inguduza (Zulu)
Prunus africana (Hook. f.) Kalkman
Official name : Prunus africana (Hook. f.) Kalkman
Family : Rosaceae
Synonyms : Pygeum africanum Hook. f.
Symptoms : H(100), H(037), H(104), H(182)
Recipes : H(100) HIV and opportunistic infections, bark of Prunus africana is ground and used in a powdered form in a remedy to treat HIV and tuberculosis co-infection and chest complaints.The tree is reportedly poisonous when raw and used in moderation.
Region : South Africa
Country : South Africa (Western Cape, Eastern Cape)
Vernacular name : rooistinkhout (Africaner), inyazangoma-elimnyama (Zulu); uMkakase (Xhosa)
Urtica dioica L.
Official name : Urtica dioica L.
Family : Urticaceae
Symptoms : H(100), H(037), H(091), H(104), H(182)
Recipes : H(100) HIV and opportunistic infections, leaves and roots of Urtica dioica are boiled with other plants as an antiinflammatory remedy. Eradicates “poison” in the body as part of remedy to treat HIV and tubervulosis co-infection. Used as a calmative and as a purgative.
H(091) to treat people with attention difficultiescand apathy
Region : South Africa
Country : South Africa (Western Cape, Eastern Cape)
Vernacular name : stinging nettle (English); umbabazane (Zulu)