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Reference : HE 02

Author(s) : Etkin, N.L.
Title : A Hausa herbal pharmacopoeia: biomedical evaluation of commonly used plant medicines. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, Volume 4, pp. 75- 98, (1981) http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/7253680
Reference HE 02 has information about 25 plants :
Acacia nilotica (L.) Willd. ex Delile
Official name : Acacia nilotica (L.) Willd. ex Delile
Family : Fabaceae
Synonyms : Acacia scorpioides (L.) W.F. Wight
Symptoms : H(103)
Recipes : H(103), gingival ulceration, gun or bark chew
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (North) (Hausa)
Vernacular name : gabaruwa (Hausa), Egyptian mimosa (English)
Allium sativum L.
Official name : Allium sativum L.
Family : Alliaceae
Symptoms : H(037), H(108)
Recipes : H(037) cough, H(108), colds, chewed ONS.
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (North) (Hausa)
Vernacular name : tafannuwa (Hausa), garlic (English)
Alysicarpus rugosus (Willd.) DC.
Official name : Alysicarpus rugosus (Willd.) DC.
Family : Fabaceae
Symptoms : H(037)
Recipes : H(037) cough, chewed
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (North) (Hausa)
Vernacular name : gadagi (Hausa)
Anacardium occidentale L.
Official name : Anacardium occidentale L.
Family : Anacardiaceae
Symptoms : H(103)
Recipes : H(103), toothache, gum disorders, nuts chewed
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (North) (Hausa)
Vernacular name : kanju (Hausa), cashew (English)
Anogeissus leiocarpa (DC.) Guill. & Perr.
Official name : Anogeissus leiocarpa (DC.) Guill. & Perr.
Family : Combretaceae
Synonyms : Anogeissus schimperi Hochst. ex Hutch. & Dalziel
Symptoms : H(103)
Recipes : H(103), chewing stcks, oral diseases, peeled stem or root
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (North) (Hausa)
Vernacular name : marke (Hausa)
Anogeissus leiocarpa (DC.) Guill. & Perr.
Official name : Anogeissus leiocarpa (DC.) Guill. & Perr.
Family : Combretaceae
Synonyms : Anogeissus schimperi Hochst. ex Hutch. & Dalziel
Symptoms : H(037)
Recipes : H(037) cough, chewed bark
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (North) (Hausa)
Vernacular name : marke (Hausa)
Azadirachta indica A. Juss.
Official name : Azadirachta indica A. Juss.
Family : Meliaceae
Synonyms : Melia azadirachta L.
Symptoms : H(103)
Recipes : H(103), chewing stcks, oral diseases, peeled or not
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (North) (Hausa)
Vernacular name : darbejiya, dogon yaro (Hausa), neem tree (English)
Capsicum annuum L.
Official name : Capsicum annuum L.
Family : Solanaceae
Synonyms : Capsicum frutescens L.
Symptoms : H(037), H(108)
Recipes : H(037) cough, H(108) colds, chewed
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (North) (Hausa)
Vernacular name : barkono (Hausa), shrubby capsicums (English)
Capsicum annuum L.
Official name : Capsicum annuum L.
Family : Solanaceae
Synonyms : Capsicum frutescens L.
Symptoms : H(037), H(108)
Recipes : H(037) cough, H(108) colds, chewed
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (North) (Hausa)
Vernacular name : barkono (Hausa), capsicum pepper (English)
Cassia tora L.
Official name : Cassia tora L.
Family : Fabaceae
Synonyms : Cassia obtusifolia L. , Senna obtusifolia (L.) H.S.Irwin & Barneby
Symptoms : H(037)
Recipes : H(037) cough, pneumonia, leaves chewed
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (North) (Hausa)
Vernacular name : tafasa (Hausa), foetid cassia (English)
Citrus aurantiifolia (Christm.) Swingle
Official name : Citrus aurantiifolia (Christm.) Swingle
Family : Rutaceae
Symptoms : H(103)
Recipes : H(103), gingivitis, fruit chewed
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (North) (Hausa)
Vernacular name : lemu (Hausa), citrus (English)
Commiphora africana (A. Rich.) Engl.
Official name : Commiphora africana (A. Rich.) Engl.
Family : Burseraceae
Symptoms : H(103)
Recipes : H(103), chewing stcks, oral diseases, peeled or not
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (North) (Hausa)
Vernacular name : dashi (Hausa), African myrrh (English)
Daniellia oliveri (Rolfe) Hutch. & Dalziel
Official name : Daniellia oliveri (Rolfe) Hutch. & Dalziel
Family : Fabaceae
Synonyms : Paradaniellia oliveri Rolfe
Symptoms : H(103)
Recipes : H(103), periodontal disorders, applied gum
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (North) (Hausa)
Vernacular name : maje (Hausa), african copaiba balsam (English)
Diospyros mespiliformis Hochst. ex DC.
Official name : Diospyros mespiliformis Hochst. ex DC.
Family : Ebenaceae
Symptoms : H(103)
Recipes : H(103) gingivitis, H(103)toothache, fruit and leaves chewed or applied in infusion
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (North) (Hausa)
Vernacular name : kanya (Hausa), west african ebony (English)
Euphorbia balsamifera Ait.
Official name : Euphorbia balsamifera Ait.
Family : Euphorbiaceae
Synonyms : Euphorbia sepium N. E. Br.
Symptoms : H(103)
Recipes : H(103) gingivitis, toothache, stem sap
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (North) (Hausa)
Vernacular name : ayyara (Hausa), balsam spurge (English)
Euphorbia convolvuloides Hochst. ex Benth.
Official name : Euphorbia convolvuloides Hochst. ex Benth.
Family : Euphorbiaceae
Symptoms : H(037)
Recipes : H(037) cough, chewed
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (North) (Hausa)
Vernacular name : nonan kurchiya (Hausa), asthma herb (English)
Euphorbia hirta L.
Official name : Euphorbia hirta L.
Family : Euphorbiaceae
Synonyms : Euphorbia pilulifera var. procumbens Boiss. , Euphorbia hirta var. procumbens Br. , Chamaesyce hirta (L.) Millsp.
Symptoms : H(037)
Recipes : H(037) cough, chewed
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (North) (Hausa)
Vernacular name : nonan kurchiya (Hausa), asthma herb (English)
Fagara zanthoxyloides Lam.
Official name : Fagara zanthoxyloides Lam.
Family : Rutaceae
Synonyms : Zanthoxylum zanthoxyloides (Lam.) Zepernick & Timler
Symptoms : H(103)
Recipes : H(103), gingivitis , fruit chewed
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (North) (Hausa)
Vernacular name : fasakwari (Hausa), candlewood (English)
Khaya senegalensis (Desv.) A. Juss.
Official name : Khaya senegalensis (Desv.) A. Juss.
Family : Meliaceae
Synonyms : Swietenia senegalensis Desv.
Symptoms : H(103)
Recipes : H(103), chewing stcks, oral diseases, peeled stem or root
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (North) (Hausa)
Vernacular name : madachi (Hausa), dry zone mahogany (English)
Lepidium sativum L.
Official name : Lepidium sativum L.
Family : Brassicaceae
Symptoms : H(103)
Recipes : H(103), toothache, seeds chewed
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (North) (Hausa)
Vernacular name : algarif (Hausa), garden cress (English)
Ocimum americanum L.
Official name : Ocimum americanum L.
Family : Lamiaceae
Symptoms : H(103)
Recipes : H(103), gingival and tooth disorders, chewed the plant
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (North) (Hausa)
Vernacular name : daddoya, daddoya ta gida (Hausa), american basil (English)
Ricinus communis L.
Official name : Ricinus communis L.
Family : Euphorbiaceae
Symptoms : H(103)
Recipes : H(103), toothache, root extract for mouthwash and toothache
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (North) (Hausa)
Vernacular name : zurman (Hausa), castor oil plant (English)
Salvadora persica L.
Official name : Salvadora persica L.
Family : Salvadoraceae
Symptoms : H(103)
Recipes : H(103), chewing stcks, oral diseases, peeled stem or root
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (North) (Hausa)
Vernacular name : farin ashuwaki (Hausa), tooth brush tree (English)
Vernonia amygdalina Delile
Official name : Vernonia amygdalina Delile
Family : Asteraceae
Synonyms : Vernonia senegalensis A. Chev. , Gymnanthemum amygdalinum (Delile) Sch. Bip. Ex Walp.
Symptoms : H(103)
Recipes : H(103), chewing stcks, oral diseases, roots
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (North) (Hausa)
Vernacular name : shuwaka (Hausa), bitter leaf (English)
Zingiber officinale Roscoe
Official name : Zingiber officinale Roscoe
Family : Zingiberaceae
Symptoms : H(103)
Recipes : H(103), toothache, rhizome chewed
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (North) (Hausa)
Vernacular name : chittar aho (Hausa), ginger (English)