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Reference : HE 13

Author(s) : Egharevba, R.K.A., M.I. Ikhatua
Title : Ethno- Medical Uses of Plants in the Treatment of Various Skin Diseases in Ovia North East, Edo State, Nigeria Research Journal of Agriculture and Biological Sciences, 4 (1): 58-64 (2008)
Reference HE 13 has information about 36 plants :
Acalypha wilkesiana Müll. Arg.
Official name : Acalypha wilkesiana Müll. Arg.
Family : Euphorbiaceae
Symptoms : H(046), H(143)
Recipes : H(143)small pox, H(046) chicken pox, the decoction of leaves, local application.
H(143) small pox, H(046) chicken pox, powdered grainesadded to vaseline and rubbed on skin rashes
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Ovia North East, Edo State)
Vernacular name : copper leaf (English), atare (Yoruba)
Aframomum melegueta (Roscoe) K.Schum.
Official name : Aframomum melegueta (Roscoe) K.Schum.
Family : Zingiberaceae
Symptoms : H(046), H(143)
Recipes : H(046) chicken pox, H(143) small pox, leaves of Aframomum melegueta decoction rubbed on fungal infection.
H(046), H(143), boil leaves and use in bathing.
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Ovia North East, Edo State)
Vernacular name : alligator pepper (English), ehiendo (Bini)
Allium cepa L.
Official name : Allium cepa L.
Family : Alliaceae
Symptoms : H(013), H(020)
Recipes : H(013) decoction of leaves of Allium cepa with water apply to to rashes
H(020) scorpion bites, ground leaves, and apply to affected wound.
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Ovia North East, Edo State)
Vernacular name : onion (English), alubarha (Bini), yabasa (Ibo), alubosa Yoruba)
Aloe barteri Bak.
Official name : Aloe barteri Bak.
Family : Asphodelaceae
Synonyms : Aloe buettneri A. Berger
Symptoms : H(013), H(014)
Recipes : H(013) use leaves gel of Aloe barteri as a poultice on boils
H(014) dandruff, squeeze leaves and rub el on scalp
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Ovia North East, Edo State)
Vernacular name : Aloe vera (English)
Alstonia boonei De Wild
Official name : Alstonia boonei De Wild
Family : Apocynaceae
Symptoms : H(020), H(092)
Recipes : H(020) snake bite, H(092) arrow poison, the infusion of the bark of Alstonia boonei alone is drunk
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Ovia North East, Edo State)
Vernacular name : cam wood (English), ukhu (Bini), awun (Yoruba)
Amaranthus spinosus L.
Official name : Amaranthus spinosus L.
Family : Amaranthaceae
Symptoms : H(001), H(137)
Recipes : H(001)juice of Amaranthus spinosus used as eye wash
H(137) ashes from burnt plant good for sores
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Ovia North East, Edo State)
Vernacular name : prickly amaranthus (English), inine (ibo), tete elegun (Yoruba)
Bryophyllum pinnatum (Lam.) Kurz
Official name : Bryophyllum pinnatum (Lam.) Kurz
Family : Crassulaceae
Synonyms : Kalanchoe pinnata (Lam.) Pers.
Symptoms : H(113)
Recipes : H(113) slice mature leaves of Bryophyllum pinnatum, infuse in local gin In a bottle and rub swollen rheumatic or arthritis parts.
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Ovia North East, Edo State)
Vernacular name : airplant or ressurection plant (English), idan wesin (Edo)
Caladium bicolor (Aiton) Vent.
Official name : Caladium bicolor (Aiton) Vent.
Family : Araceae
Symptoms : H(013)
Recipes : H(013) fire the rhizome of Caladium bicolor applied locally treat boils and abscesses.
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Ovia North East, Edo State)
Vernacular name : ringworm plant (English), akoria ovbi ore (Bini), asurun oyibo (Yoruba)
Carica papaya L.
Official name : Carica papaya L.
Family : Caricaceae
Symptoms : H(137)
Recipes : H(137) the roasted leaves pulp of Carica papaya is placed on sores for healing
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Ovia North East, Edo State)
Vernacular name : pawpaw (English), uhro (Bini), lbepel (Yoruba)
Cassia alata L.
Official name : Cassia alata L.
Family : Fabaceae
Synonyms : Senna alata (L.) Roxb.
Symptoms : H(014)
Recipes : H(014) decoction of leaves and kerosene applied to eczema, ringworm etc.
H(014) decoction of leaves and young shoot added to black soap to bathe.
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Ovia North East, Edo State)
Vernacular name : ringworm plant (English),, akoria ovbi ore (Bini), asurun oyibo (Yoruba)
Celosia argentea L.
Official name : Celosia argentea L.
Family : Amaranthaceae
Symptoms : H(013)
Recipes : H(013) the juice of the leaves of Celosia argentea are used for rashes.
H(013) , seeds, ground into paste and applied on rashes
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Ovia North East, Edo State)
Vernacular name : cockscomb, quailgrass (English), sokoyokoto (Yoruba), ebe-afor (Bini)
Chromolaena odorata (L.) R.M.King & H.Rob.
Official name : Chromolaena odorata (L.) R.M.King & H.Rob.
Family : Asteraceae
Synonyms : Eupatorium odoratum L.
Symptoms : H(004), H(020)
Recipes : H(004), H(020) squeeze thes leaves of Chromlaena odorota and put on cuts from wounds and stings.
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Ovia North East, Edo State)
Vernacular name : weed siam (English), awolowo, akintola taku (Yoruba)
Cnestis sp.
Official name : Cnestis sp.
Family : Connaraceae
Symptoms : H(013)
Recipes : H(013), blend the leaves of Cnestis Spp. and mix with cam wood and black soap: rub on skin
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Ovia North East, Edo State)
Vernacular name : esinsin (Yoruba)
Colocasia esculenta (L.) Schott
Official name : Colocasia esculenta (L.) Schott
Family : Araceae
Synonyms : Colocasia antiquorum Schott & Endl.
Symptoms : H(003), H(020)
Recipes : H(020) poultice from the roots of Colocasia esculentum is used for snakebite
H(003) poultice from both roots and leaves used for swelling, bruise
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Ovia North East, Edo State)
Vernacular name : cocoyam (English), ewiebo (Ishan)
Corchorus olitorius L.
Official name : Corchorus olitorius L.
Family : Tiliaceae
Symptoms : H(003), H(013)
Recipes : H(013) abscesses, H(003) bruises, swellings, paste from ground seeds of Corchorus olitorius of used to rub on
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Ovia North East, Edo State)
Vernacular name : jute plant (English), ebiyoyo (Bini), ewedu (Yoruba)
Dacryodes edulis (G. Don) H.J. Lam
Official name : Dacryodes edulis (G. Don) H.J. Lam
Family : Burseraceae
Symptoms : H(039)
Recipes : H(039), a paste of the bark of Dacryodes edulis is a remedy for swollen foot from jigger infestation.
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Ovia North East, Edo State)
Vernacular name : african pear (English), orunmwun (Bini), olumu (Ishan)
Datura stramonium L.
Official name : Datura stramonium L.
Family : Solanaceae
Symptoms : H(020)
Recipes : H(020) crushed leaves and seeds of Datura stramonium are mixed with palm oil and applied to severe cases of insect bites and stings.
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Ovia North East, Edo State)
Vernacular name : green thorn (English), apikan (Yor)
Ficus exasperata Vahl
Official name : Ficus exasperata Vahl
Family : Moraceae
Symptoms : H(014)
Recipes : H(014) rud the l eaves of Ficus exasperata on affected parts by ringworm
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Ovia North East, Edo State)
Vernacular name : sand paper plant (English), amenmen (Bini), ipin Yoruba)
Heliotropium ovalifolium Forssk.
Official name : Heliotropium ovalifolium Forssk.
Family : Boraginaceae
Symptoms : H(020)
Recipes : H(020) scorpion sting., rub leaves and juice on the wound of a scorpion sting.
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Ovia North East, Edo State)
Vernacular name : cockscomb (English),
Hibiscus rosa-sinensis L.
Official name : Hibiscus rosa-sinensis L.
Family : Malvaceae
Symptoms : H(013)
Recipes : H(013) ) apply paste of flower buds of Hibiscus rosa-sinensis to boils
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Ovia North East, Edo State)
Vernacular name : garden hibiscus (English), oriigun (Yoruba), kekeke (Yoruba), flava (Ibo)
Justicia flava (Forssk.) Vahl
Official name : Justicia flava (Forssk.) Vahl
Family : Acanthaceae
Symptoms : H(013)
Recipes : H(013) skin diseases; decoction of leaves of Justicia flava , bath
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Ovia North East, Edo State)
Vernacular name : not communicated by the authors
Kalanchoe sp.
Official name : Kalanchoe sp.
Family : Crassulaceae
Symptoms : H(088)
Recipes : H(088) powder of dried leaves leaves of Kalanchoe sp. used as a tonic astringent on the skin by checking perspiration.
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Ovia North East, Edo State)
Vernacular name : velve leaf (English)
Mimosa pudica L.
Official name : Mimosa pudica L.
Family : Fabaceae
Symptoms : H(056)
Recipes : H(056) apply juice from leaves topically to infected parts by Guinea worms.
H(056) apply leaves topically.
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Ovia North East, Edo State)
Vernacular name : touch me not or sensitive plant (English),
Monodora myristica (Gaertn.) Dunal
Official name : Monodora myristica (Gaertn.) Dunal
Family : Annonaceae
Symptoms : H(056)
Recipes : H(056) ground seeds of Monodora myristica to powder and used to treat the worms (Guinea worms)
H(056) decoction of seeds is drunk
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Ovia North East, Edo State)
Vernacular name : african nutmeg (English), lkposa (Bini), ariwo (Yoruba)
Ocimum gratissimum L.
Official name : Ocimum gratissimum L.
Family : Lamiaceae
Symptoms : H(020)
Recipes : H(020) crush leaves.or squeeze fresh leaves of Ocimum gratissimum and rub on affected parts by insect bites
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Ovia North East, Edo State)
Vernacular name : fever plant (English), ebe- amwokho (Bini), effirin (Yoruba)
Peperomia pellucida (L.) Kunth
Official name : Peperomia pellucida (L.) Kunth
Family : Piperaceae
Symptoms : H(004)
Recipes : H(004) juice of the whole plant of Peperomia pellucida applied to fresh wound.
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Ovia North East, Edo State)
Vernacular name : reren (Yoruba)
Plukenetia conophora Müll.Arg.
Official name : Plukenetia conophora Müll.Arg.
Family : Euphorbiaceae
Symptoms : H(020)
Recipes : H(020) snake bite, eat the uncooked fruit of Plukenetia conophora
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Ovia North East, Edo State)
Vernacular name : okhue (Bini), asala (Yoruba)
Portulaca oleracea L.
Official name : Portulaca oleracea L.
Family : Portulacaceae
Symptoms : H(003), H(014)
Recipes : H(003) bruises, swellings, contusions andH(014) whitlow, the crushed plant of Portulaca oleracea is applied locally on affected parts.
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Ovia North East, Edo State)
Vernacular name : papasan (Yor)
Rauvolfia vomitoria Afzel.
Official name : Rauvolfia vomitoria Afzel.
Family : Apocynaceae
Symptoms : H(014)
Recipes : H(014) skin diseases, powder root and seeds: of Rauvolfia vomitoria add to soap and use
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Ovia North East, Edo State)
Vernacular name : swizzle stick or serpent wood (English), akata (Bini), asofeyje (Yoruba)
Sansevieria liberica Gérôme & Labroy
Official name : Sansevieria liberica Gérôme & Labroy
Family : Dracaenaceae
Symptoms : H(043), H(137)
Recipes : H(043) powdered roots of Sansevieria liberica and water. Drink for tetanus
H(137) bad sores, grind leaves in a brass container and let it be thick. Add to sores, relieves
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Ovia North East, Edo State)
Vernacular name : mother in law's tongue, leopard, lily (English), pasankooko (Yoruba)
Spondias mombin L.
Official name : Spondias mombin L.
Family : Anacardiaceae
Synonyms : Spondias lutea L.
Symptoms : H(014)
Recipes : H(014) athlete’s foot, leaves and bark extracts of Spondias mombin used when in fused.
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Ovia North East, Edo State)
Vernacular name : ogheghe (Bini), iyeye (Yoruba)
Talinum triangulare (Jacq.) Willd.
Official name : Talinum triangulare (Jacq.) Willd.
Family : Portulacaceae
Symptoms : H(004), H(014)
Recipes : H(004) cuts, wounds andH(014) scabies, macerated leaves of Talinum triangulare, local applycation
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Ovia North East, Edo State)
Vernacular name : water leaf (English), ebodundun (Bini)
Terminalia catappa L.
Official name : Terminalia catappa L.
Family : Combretaceae
Symptoms : H(014), H(173)
Recipes : H(014) scabies, sap from the young leaves of Terminalia catappa are rubbed on affected parts
H(173) macerated leaves in palm oil on leprosy.
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Ovia North East, Edo State)
Vernacular name : almond Tree (English), ebelebo (Bini)
Vernonia amygdalina Delile
Official name : Vernonia amygdalina Delile
Family : Asteraceae
Synonyms : Vernonia senegalensis A. Chev. , Gymnanthemum amygdalinum (Delile) Sch. Bip. Ex Walp.
Symptoms : H(046)
Recipes : H(046) measles, extract of leaves of Vernonia amygdalina in native gin
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Ovia North East, Edo State)
Vernacular name : bitter leaf (English), be-oriwuo (Bini)
Vitex doniana Sweet
Official name : Vitex doniana Sweet
Family : Verbenaceae
Symptoms : H(014)
Recipes : H(014), apply juice of leaves of Vitex doniana on ringworm
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Ovia North East, Edo State)
Vernacular name : black plum (English), oriri (Bini), uchekon (Ibo)
Xylopia aethiopica (Dunal) A. Rich.
Official name : Xylopia aethiopica (Dunal) A. Rich.
Family : Annonaceae
Synonyms : Uvaria aethiopica Guil. et Pers.
Symptoms : H(113)
Recipes : H(113) rheumatism, arthritis, pound fruits of Xylopia aethiopica,and make into paste and apply
H(113) rheumatism, arthritis, Grind fruits and add to; pomade, rub on affected parts
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Ovia North East, Edo State)
Vernacular name : african guinea pepper (English), unien (Bini), eeru (Yoruba)