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Reference : HG 07

Author(s) : Getahun, A.
Title : Some common medicinal and poisonous plants used in ethiopian folk medicine. Faculty of Science, Addis Abeba University, Addis Abeba, Ethiopia, 63p., (1976)
Reference HG 07 has information about 78 plants :
Acokanthera schimperi (A.DC.) Schweinf.
Official name : Acokanthera schimperi (A.DC.) Schweinf.
Family : Apocynaceae
Symptoms : H(092), H(126)
Recipes : H(092) arrows, combustion soot, RNS.
H(126), combustion smoke of the whole the plant
Region : East Africa
Country : Ethiopia
Vernacular name : merz (Amarinya), keraro (Tigrinya), oboyo, wabayo, ghedulajo (Somali), karacha (Sidamo), mephteh, mephthi, merenz (Tigrinya)
Ageratum conyzoides L.
Official name : Ageratum conyzoides L.
Family : Asteraceae
Symptoms : H(004), H(175)
Recipes : H(004) + H(175), whole fresh plant, RNS.
Region : East Africa
Country : Ethiopia
Vernacular name : gunyato, arema (Galinya)
Ajuga remota Benth.
Official name : Ajuga remota Benth.
Family : Lamiaceae
Symptoms : H(004), H(008), H(151)
Recipes : H(004)legs, H(008), H(151), extract leaves, RNS.
Region : East Africa
Country : Ethiopia
Vernacular name : ungo-quasot Tigrinya), tale (Wollamo), akorarchigne (Amarinya)
Albizia anthelmintica Brongn.
Official name : Albizia anthelmintica Brongn.
Family : Fabaceae
Symptoms : H(068)
Recipes : H(068) tenia, ONS. of Albizia anthelmintica, RNS.
Region : East Africa
Country : Ethiopia
Vernacular name : rhaybit (Somali), shina (Amaharic), kebita (Kaffa)
Aloe sp.
Official name : Aloe sp.
Family : Asphodelaceae
Symptoms : H(001), H(051), H(113), H(126), H(127)
Recipes : H(001), H(051), H(113) knee, H(126), H(127), leaves, fresh juice , RNS.
Region : East Africa
Country : Ethiopia
Vernacular name : erret (Amarinya), argeber (Somali)
Aloe vera (L.) Burm.f.
Official name : Aloe vera (L.) Burm.f.
Family : Asphodelaceae
Synonyms : Aloe vulgaris Lam.
Symptoms : H(001), H(051), H(113), H(126), H(127)
Recipes : H(001), leaves, fresh juice, RNS.
H(051), leaves, fresh juice, RNS.
H(113) knee, leaves, fresh juice, RNS.
H(126), leaves, fresh juice, RNS.
H(127), leaves, fresh juice, RNS.
Region : East Africa
Country : Ethiopia
Vernacular name : erret (Amarinya), argeber (Somali)
Amaranthus hybridus L.
Official name : Amaranthus hybridus L.
Family : Amaranthaceae
Synonyms : Amaranthus caudatus L.
Symptoms : H(068)
Recipes : H(068) tapeworm expectorant, ONS., RNS.
Region : East Africa
Country : Ethiopia
Vernacular name : lishalisho, ferenjitef (Amarinya), iyaso, jolili (Galinya), gagabsa (Wollamo)
Aristolochia bracteata Retz.
Official name : Aristolochia bracteata Retz.
Family : Aristolochiaceae
Symptoms : H(014)
Recipes : H(014)legs, ONS, RNS
Region : East Africa
Country : Ethiopia (Kalaffo, Ogaden)
Vernacular name : ghaga (Arabe), boro, grerbaad, ged-hurguma (Somali)
Artemisia afra Jacq. ex Willd.
Official name : Artemisia afra Jacq. ex Willd.
Family : Asteraceae
Symptoms : H(104)
Recipes : H(104) stomach, leaf crushed, juise + H2O or honey, VO.
Region : East Africa
Country : Ethiopia
Vernacular name : ariti (Amaringa), chukun, jukun (Galinya-harar), kodo (Galinya), kapani (Galinya-bale)
Azadirachta indica A. Juss.
Official name : Azadirachta indica A. Juss.
Family : Meliaceae
Synonyms : Melia azadirachta L.
Symptoms : H(000)
Recipes : H(000) in Harar (Eastern Ethiopia) it is known Melia azadirachta as a tree of many remedies though these were not specified to the author at the time. The remedies depend on the plant part used.
Region : East Africa
Country : Ethiopia
Vernacular name : nib (Tiigrinya), (Arabic)
Bersama abyssinica Fres. subsp. abyssinica var. abyssinica
Official name : Bersama abyssinica Fres. subsp. abyssinica var. abyssinica
Family : Melianthaceae
Symptoms : H(008), H(068)
Recipes : H(008), H(068) ascaris, extract from the growing shoot tips
Region : East Africa
Country : Ethiopia
Vernacular name : azamrr (Amarinya), lolchissa (Galinya)
Boerhavia plumbaginea Cav.
Official name : Boerhavia plumbaginea Cav.
Family : Nyctaginaceae
Symptoms : H(004), H(126)
Recipes : H(004), H(126), decoction from leaves of Boerhavia plumbaginea used for jaundice, and to heal wounds.
Region : East Africa
Country : Ethiopia
Vernacular name : not communicated by the author
Brucea antidysenterica J.F. Mill.
Official name : Brucea antidysenterica J.F. Mill.
Family : Simaroubaceae
Symptoms : H(004), H(175)
Recipes : H(004) + H(175),H(014), H(173), leaves, powder + butter, dressing
Region : East Africa
Country : Ethiopia
Vernacular name : woinos, kolla-wanza (Amarinya), melata (Tigrinia), abalo, tamija, komeny (Galinya), hadawi (Somali)
Calotropis procera (Aiton) W.T.Aiton
Official name : Calotropis procera (Aiton) W.T.Aiton
Family : Apocynaceae
Synonyms : Asclepias procera Aiton
Symptoms : H(005), H(091), H(100), H(173)
Recipes : H(005), green leaf, compress, oedema, H(091), roots, H(100), whole plant, H(173), latex
Region : East Africa
Country : Ethiopia
Vernacular name : tobbeya, yahara-zaf, ghinda (Amarinya), ghinda, akalo, tomfi (Tigrinya), gala,boha (Somali), usher (Arabic)
Cannabis sativa L.
Official name : Cannabis sativa L.
Family : Cannabaceae
Symptoms : H(210)
Recipes : H(210), powerfull narcotic
Region : East Africa
Country : Ethiopia
Vernacular name : hashish (Galinya)
Capsicum annuum L.
Official name : Capsicum annuum L.
Family : Solanaceae
Synonyms : Capsicum frutescens L.
Symptoms : H(068), H(068), H(164)
Recipes : H(068)amoeba, H(068)worms, ONS, RNS, H(164), external use, ONS, RNS,
Region : East Africa
Country : Ethiopia
Vernacular name : mitmitta (Amarinya)
Cissampelos pareira L. var. orbiculala (DC.) Miq.
Official name : Cissampelos pareira L. var. orbiculala (DC.) Miq.
Family : Menispermaceae
Synonyms : Cissampelos orbiculata DC.
Symptoms : H(004), H(020)
Recipes : H(004), H(020), roots, leaves, dressing
Region : East Africa
Country : Ethiopia
Vernacular name : not registered
Clausena anisata (Willd.) Hook. f. ex Benth.
Official name : Clausena anisata (Willd.) Hook. f. ex Benth.
Family : Rutaceae
Symptoms : H(027x), H(201)
Recipes : H(027x) + H(201) ritual, ONS, RNS, Galla tribes in West Ethiopia
Region : East Africa
Country : Ethiopia
Vernacular name : ulmae (Galinya), limich (Amarinya)
Clematis simensis Fres.
Official name : Clematis simensis Fres.
Family : Ranunculaceae
Symptoms : H(202)
Recipes : H(202) Clematis simensis is very showy when in bloom and is known to cause permanent 'burns' on human skin. A row of circular permanent scars on a man's arms is considered manly and decorative. The mechanism appears to be a chemical irritation on the skin resulting in a bad wound which when finally healed leaves a scar.
Region : East Africa
Country : Ethiopia
Vernacular name : esdillee (Galinya, Harar) , elaydeea (Adaric) , harag (Amarinya)
Clerodendrum myricoides (Hochst.) R. Br. ex Vatke
Official name : Clerodendrum myricoides (Hochst.) R. Br. ex Vatke
Family : Labiatae
Symptoms : H(004), H(175), H(068), H(093)
Recipes : H(004) + H(175), plant, decoction, dressing
H(006), plant Clerodendrum myricoides mixed with shoots of Croton macrostachyus + roots of inbuye, RNS.
H(068), plant, RNS.
H(093), decoction roots, RNS.
Region : East Africa
Country : Ethiopia
Vernacular name : missiritch, abek'a (Amarinya), surrubatri (Tigrinya), aghio (Kaffa)
Cordia africana Lam.
Official name : Cordia africana Lam.
Family : Boraginaceae
Synonyms : Cordia holstii Guerke
Symptoms : H(020)
Recipes : H(020) spider, stem, ashes + butter, local applic.
Region : East Africa
Country : Ethiopia
Vernacular name : wanza (Amaringa), auchi (Tigrinya), wodessa (Galinya), uaddichio (Sidama), mokota (Wollamo)
Croton macrostachyus Hochst. ex Del.
Official name : Croton macrostachyus Hochst. ex Del.
Family : Euphorbiaceae
Symptoms : H(007), H(014), H(068), H(100), H(112), H(126)
Recipes : H(006), plant Clerodendrum myricoidesmixed with shoots of Croton macrostachyus + roots of inbuye RNS.
H(007) purg., H(068), The pulverized bark mixed with kosso (Hagenia abyssinica, Rosaceae), very effective purgative and vermifuge RNS.
H(014),Extract from the leaves is used against itchy scalp RNS.
H(100), H(112), the fruits and a decoction (H2O) of the roots are used as a medicine against venereal diseases RNS.
H(112), seeds are used to cause abortion, RNS.
H(126)jaun.,decoc joung shoot and leaves + Adathoda schimperana + peper + butter, the paste is eaten with bread for at least three day so plenty of milk is drunk but meat and oily food must be avoided.
Region : East Africa
Country : Ethiopia
Vernacular name : bissana (Amarinya), makanissa, badessa, alaleh, dogoma (Galinya), wush, masincho (Sidama), ambuk, tambuk, tambush, berberi-islami (Tigrinya)
Cucumis prophetarum L.
Official name : Cucumis prophetarum L.
Family : Cucurbitaceae
Symptoms : H(070), H(112)
Recipes : H(070), ONS, RNS.
H(112), plant, RNS.
Region : East Africa
Country : Ethiopia
Vernacular name : yemder-inbuyi (Amarinya)
Cucurbita maxima Duchesne ex Lam.
Official name : Cucurbita maxima Duchesne ex Lam.
Family : Cucurbitaceae
Symptoms : H(068)
Recipes : H(068), dry seeds, RNS.
Region : East Africa
Country : Ethiopia
Vernacular name : duba (Amarinya)
Cynara scolymus L.
Official name : Cynara scolymus L.
Family : Asteraceae
Symptoms : H(126)
Recipes : H(126), leaf, juice, RNS.
Region : East Africa
Country : Ethiopia
Vernacular name : kenchofe (Galinya)
Datura stramonium L.
Official name : Datura stramonium L.
Family : Solanaceae
Symptoms : H(018), H(087)
Recipes : H(018), seeds, decoc, vapor inhaled, H(087)scalp, dried ground leaves + butter to cure scalp and face
Region : East Africa
Country : Ethiopia
Vernacular name : attefaris, astenagrt (Amarinya)
Embelia schimperi Vatke
Official name : Embelia schimperi Vatke
Family : Myrsinaceae
Synonyms : Embelia kilimandschari Gilg
Symptoms : H(007), H(068)
Recipes : H(007) purg., H(068) tenia, fruit, RNS
Region : East Africa
Country : Ethiopia
Vernacular name : ankoko (Amarinya), enkoko tTigrinya), unkoko, hanku (Galinya), kanko (Sidana)
Eucalyptus globulus Labill.
Official name : Eucalyptus globulus Labill.
Family : Myrtaceae
Symptoms : H(043), H(039), H(108)
Recipes : H(043) leaf extract of Eucalyptus globulus is gargled for meningitis.
H(039) the young leaves, especially from the copice growths, are used by housewives as an insect repellant
H(108) the volatile oil from the leaf is used for colds
Region : East Africa
Country : Ethiopia
Vernacular name : bahir-zaf (Amarinya), kaliti (Galinya)
Euphorbia hirta L.
Official name : Euphorbia hirta L.
Family : Euphorbiaceae
Synonyms : Euphorbia pilulifera var. procumbens Boiss. , Euphorbia hirta var. procumbens Br. , Chamaesyce hirta (L.) Millsp.
Symptoms : H(082)
Recipes : H(082), whole plant, juice, VO.
Region : East Africa
Country : Ethiopia
Vernacular name : not registered
Euphorbia tirucalli L.
Official name : Euphorbia tirucalli L.
Family : Euphorbiaceae
Synonyms : Euphorbia laro Drake
Symptoms : H(092)
Recipes : H(092) has been used as fish poison, ONS., RNS.
Region : East Africa
Country : Ethiopia
Vernacular name : milk-bush, pencil-cactus (English)
Euphorbia tirucalli L.
Official name : Euphorbia tirucalli L.
Family : Euphorbiaceae
Synonyms : Euphorbia laro Drake
Symptoms : V(092)
Recipes : V(092) has been used as fish poison, ONS., RNS.
Region : East Africa
Country : Ethiopia
Vernacular name : milk-bush, pencil-cactus (English)
Evolvulus alsinoides (L.) L.
Official name : Evolvulus alsinoides (L.) L.
Family : Convolvulaceae
Symptoms : H(068), H(095)
Recipes : H(068), H(095) the whole plont of Evolvulus alsinoides is used as a bitter tonic and as a vermifuge.
Region : East Africa
Country : Ethiopia
Vernacular name : eriraio (Tiigrinya)
Foeniculum vulgare Mill.
Official name : Foeniculum vulgare Mill.
Family : Apiaceae
Symptoms : H(095), H(100)
Recipes : H(095), the seeds and dried plant parts of Foeniculum vulgare are used to flavor local drinks such as areke and tej.
H(100), the boiled or roasted roots are used in the treatment of gonorrhea.
Region : East Africa
Country : Ethiopia
Vernacular name : ensilal (Amarinya), kamuni, insilali (Galinya)
Galinsoga parviflora Cav.
Official name : Galinsoga parviflora Cav.
Family : Asteraceae
Symptoms : H(004), H(175)
Recipes : H(004) + H(175), fresh flowers and leaves, juice + bandage
H(004)sadle, ONS., RNS.
Region : East Africa
Country : Ethiopia
Vernacular name : yeshewa-arem (Amaringa)
Glinus lotoides L.
Official name : Glinus lotoides L.
Family : Aizoaceae
Symptoms : H(068)
Recipes : H(068) tenia, ONS, RNS.
Region : East Africa
Country : Ethiopia
Vernacular name : meterre (Amaringa), terabit (tigrinya)
Hagenia abyssinica (Bruce) J.F. Gmel.
Official name : Hagenia abyssinica (Bruce) J.F. Gmel.
Family : Rosaceae
Symptoms : H(007), H(068), H(112)
Recipes : H(007) purg., H(068), pulverized bark of Croton macrostachyus mixed with kosso Hagenia abyssinica, is a very effective purgative and vermifuge
H(068) tenia, dried pistillate flowers, take care, large doses are toxic, RNS.
H(112), ONS, RNS.
Region : East Africa
Country : Ethiopia
Vernacular name : kosso (Amarinya), habbi (Tigrinya), duchia, edo, fieto (Galinya), heto (Galinya-kaffa)
Jasminum abyssinicum Hoscht. Ex DC.
Official name : Jasminum abyssinicum Hoscht. Ex DC.
Family : Oleaceae
Symptoms : H(155), H(202)
Recipes : H(155) the fresh root-tips of Jasminum abyssinicum are chewed to relieve tonsilities.
H(202) the leaves are used as soap-substitute.
Region : East Africa
Country : Ethiopia
Vernacular name : not communicated by the author
Juniperus procera Hochst. ex A. Rich.
Official name : Juniperus procera Hochst. ex A. Rich.
Family : Cupressaceae
Symptoms : H(068)
Recipes : H(068) stomach, the young twigs and buds, but and ground are used in the treatmentof stomach worms.
Region : East Africa
Country : Ethiopia
Vernacular name : tidh (Tigrinya, gattira (Galinya)
Kalanchoe sp.
Official name : Kalanchoe sp.
Family : Crassulaceae
Symptoms : H(004), H(013), H(014), H(068), H(100)
Recipes : H(004),H(013) furuncle,H(014), juce of fresh poundered leaf on ...,H(068), H(100) gono.r., fresh roots, infus, VO.
Region : East Africa
Country : Ethiopia
Vernacular name : bosoke, same (Galinya), indahula (Amarinya)
Kigelia africana (Lam.) Benth.
Official name : Kigelia africana (Lam.) Benth.
Family : Bignoniaceae
Symptoms : H(007), H(008)
Recipes : H(007) purg., fruit, RNS
H(008), fruit, RNS
Region : East Africa
Country : Ethiopia
Vernacular name : not registered
Lantana camara L.
Official name : Lantana camara L.
Family : Verbenaceae
Synonyms : Lantana antidotalis Thonning.
Symptoms : H(091)
Recipes : H(091), leaves, infus
Region : East Africa
Country : Ethiopia
Vernacular name : not registered
Lepidium sativum L.
Official name : Lepidium sativum L.
Family : Brassicaceae
Symptoms : H(014), H(031), H(068), H(104), H(106)
Recipes : H(014), Fetto is commonly grown in Ethiopia as a garden plant or as a culUveted crop in tef (Eraqrostis tef, (Zucc) (T rotter) fieldso It is generally found on any market, though usually in small quantities. A paste is made of the seed-flour and water, and used on chapped lips, sunburn, and other sking disorders
H(031), ONS, RNS.
H(068), the flour is mixed with honey and taken as a treatment for amoeba
H(104) stomach, rhizome Zingiber officinale chewed with Lepidium sativum
H(106), the paste is rubbed onto the skin to repel mosquitoes and other insects.
Region : East Africa
Country : Ethiopia
Vernacular name : fetto (Amarinya), shimfi (Galinya), kotto, shimfa (Tigrinya), shimp (Kaffa),shufu (Galinya, harar)
Maesa lanceolata Forssk.
Official name : Maesa lanceolata Forssk.
Family : Myrsinaceae
Symptoms : H(068)
Recipes : H(068) tenia, fruit, oil, VO.
Region : East Africa
Country : Ethiopia
Vernacular name : kelawa, akalua, killabo, shehwaria (Amarinya), abauie, geshy, gergesho, abagi (Galinya), soarea (Tigrinya), arar, maas (Arabic)
Millettia ferruginea (Hochst.) Baker
Official name : Millettia ferruginea (Hochst.) Baker
Family : Fabaceae
Symptoms : H(092)
Recipes : H(092), its use as a fish poision is widely known. The bark and mature fruit (pod and seed) of Millettia ferruginea are ground into powder and spread over the water.
Region : East Africa
Country : Ethiopia
Vernacular name : birbira (Amarinya), sotallo, kotalu (Galinya), enghediksho (Sidama), sari (Galinya, Arussi), zaghia (Wollamo), yego (Galinya, Harar)
Millettia ferruginea (Hochst.) Baker
Official name : Millettia ferruginea (Hochst.) Baker
Family : Fabaceae
Symptoms : V(092)
Recipes : V(092), its use as a fish poision is widely known. The bark and mature fruit (pod and seed) of Millettia ferruginea are ground into powder and spread over the water.
Region : East Africa
Country : Ethiopia
Vernacular name : birbira (Amarinya), sotallo, kotalu (Galinya), enghediksho (Sidama), sari (Galinya, Arussi), zaghia (Wollamo), yego (Galinya, Harar)
Myrica salicifolia Hochst. ex A. Rich.
Official name : Myrica salicifolia Hochst. ex A. Rich.
Family : Myricaceae
Symptoms : H(014)
Recipes : H(014), youn leaves, powder + butter, local applic., skin diseases
Region : East Africa
Country : Ethiopia
Vernacular name : kalawa, shinett (Amarinya), abaya, kataba, radji, nebi (Tigrinya)
Myrsine africana L.
Official name : Myrsine africana L.
Family : Myrsinaceae
Symptoms : H(068)
Recipes : H(068) tenia, fruit, VO.
Region : East Africa
Country : Ethiopia
Vernacular name : kechemo (Amarinya), katchu (Adaric, Galinya-harar)
Nigella sativa L.
Official name : Nigella sativa L.
Family : Ranunculaceae
Symptoms : H(018), H(095)
Recipes : H(095) Tikur-azmud, a spice, is used for several reasons, one of which is its flavoring quality. It was used quite frequently in olden days to flavor bread. Now however, it is used more in beverages where it is mixed with black papper, korerima (Aframon leororima), and ginger (Curcuma lonqa) Such strong local drinks as areke and katikala contain this preparation. The reason advanced for the use of tikur-azmud is that it allegedly possesses the ability to dispel headaches H(018) and various diseases.
H(018) to dispel headache, the seeds, mixed with melted butter, are wrapped in a clean piece of cloth, and sniffed.
Region : East Africa
Country : Ethiopia
Vernacular name : tikur-azmud (Amarinya)
Opuntia vulgaris Mill.
Official name : Opuntia vulgaris Mill.
Family : Cactaceae
Symptoms : H(095)
Recipes : H(095) Opuntia vulgaris to the farmers, it is a much needed complement to their diet during this non-harvest time when all food grains stored for home use are low or exhausted.
Region : East Africa
Country : Ethiopia
Vernacular name : kulkual (Amarinya), beles (Tiigrinya), tini (Galinya, Harar), prickly pear (English)
Paullinia pinnata L.
Official name : Paullinia pinnata L.
Family : Sapindaceae
Symptoms : H(092)
Recipes : H(092) the leaf, root and seeds de Paullinia pinnata are used as nerve poison and cause paralysis.
Region : East Africa
Country : Ethiopia
Vernacular name : not communicated by the author
Phytolacca dodecandra L'Hérit.
Official name : Phytolacca dodecandra L'Hérit.
Family : Phytolaccaceae
Symptoms : H(000), H(014), H(100), H(112)
Recipes : H(000), intenal illness, roots male plant, pay care dosis, toxic, H(014), pelada, roots, H(100) gono., roots, decoc, H(112), roots, pay care dosis, toxic
Region : East Africa
Country : Ethiopia
Vernacular name : endod (Amarinya), endoda (Galinya), endott, shebeti, shipti, sobet (Tiginya)
Polygonum senegalense Meisn.
Official name : Polygonum senegalense Meisn.
Family : Polygonaceae
Symptoms : H(014)
Recipes : H(014), fresh leaves, juice, local applic, good results
Region : East Africa
Country : Ethiopia
Vernacular name : gummamilla (Amarinya), choma (Galinya)
Prunus africana (Hook. f.) Kalkman
Official name : Prunus africana (Hook. f.) Kalkman
Family : Rosaceae
Synonyms : Pygeum africanum Hook. f.
Symptoms : H(004), H(175)
Recipes : H(004) + H(175), leaves
Region : East Africa
Country : Ethiopia
Vernacular name : tikur-inchet (Amarinya), homi (Galinya)
Prunus africana (Hook. f.) Kalkman
Official name : Prunus africana (Hook. f.) Kalkman
Family : Rosaceae
Synonyms : Pygeum africanum Hook. f.
Symptoms : H(004)
Recipes : H(004) the leaves reportedly are used in dressing wounds. The wood is hard and is lumbered.
Region : East Africa
Country : Ethiopia
Vernacular name : tikur-inchet (Amarinya), homi (Galinya)
Rhoicissus tridentata (L.f.) Wild & Drummond
Official name : Rhoicissus tridentata (L.f.) Wild & Drummond
Family : Vitaceae
Synonyms : Rhoicissus erythrodes (Fresen.) Planch.
Symptoms : H(070)
Recipes : H(070), ONS, RNS
Region : East Africa
Country : Ethiopia
Vernacular name : hida-rafa (Galinya)
Ricinus communis L.
Official name : Ricinus communis L.
Family : Euphorbiaceae
Symptoms : H(007)
Recipes : H(007) purg., seeds, oil, RNS.
Region : East Africa
Country : Ethiopia
Vernacular name : gullo (Amarinya), kobo (Galinya), castor bean (English)
Rosa abyssinica Lindl.
Official name : Rosa abyssinica Lindl.
Family : Rosaceae
Symptoms : H(068)
Recipes : H(068), edible fruits of Rosa abyssinica are good tapeworm and round worm expectrarnts as well as excellent source of vitamin.
Region : East Africa
Country : Ethiopia
Vernacular name : keqa (Amarinya) , wild Ethiopian Rose (English)
Rumex abyssinicus Jacq.
Official name : Rumex abyssinicus Jacq.
Family : Polygonaceae
Symptoms : H(175x)
Recipes : H(175x) The tubers are widely used to dye the palms of the hand and feet red by ladies, particularly in the northern parts of the country. Such a practice is considered decorative. The cooked tuber makes a strong dye often used in butter preparation to compart yellow coloration as well as in other spice preparations.
Region : East Africa
Country : Ethiopia
Vernacular name : mokmoko (Amarinya) , choldia (Wollamo)
Rumex bequaertii De Wild.
Official name : Rumex bequaertii De Wild.
Family : Polygonaceae
Symptoms : H(104), H(113)
Recipes : H(104) stomach, aqueous extract, VO + H2O, H(113), ONS, RNS
Region : East Africa
Country : Ethiopia
Vernacular name : not registered
Rumex nepalensis Spreng.
Official name : Rumex nepalensis Spreng.
Family : Polygonaceae
Symptoms : H(006), H(093)
Recipes : H(006), H(093), Rumex nepalensis , is used as an antidote for poisoning as well as a laxative, ONS., RNS.
Region : East Africa
Country : Ethiopia
Vernacular name : tult (Amarinya), shomboba, shombobata (Tiigrinya), arab-sari (Galinya, Harar)
Rumex nervosus Vahl
Official name : Rumex nervosus Vahl
Family : Polygonaceae
Symptoms : H(014), H(095), H(111)
Recipes : H(014) the plant of Rumex nervosus is reportedly used to treat skin itches.
H(095) the tender and succulent young shoots are eaten by shepherds. Putting the young shoot in the fire and quickly removing it, weakens or reduces the acid resulting at the same time in a mushy and jello- like pith, highly relished by children.
H(111) the charcoal of the stem mixed with egg yolk is used to dress skin burns. Butter is added to prevent flaking and drying of the wound.
Region : East Africa
Country : Ethiopia
Vernacular name : embwacho (Amarinya), dengego (Galinya), hohet, thiteh (Tiigrinya), alegango (Adaric)
Salvadora persica L.
Official name : Salvadora persica L.
Family : Salvadoraceae
Symptoms : H(104), H(108)
Recipes : H(104) stomach, plant, RNS
H(108) cold, hot fruits, RNS
Region : East Africa
Country : Ethiopia
Vernacular name : adai (Tigrinya, dadaho (Somali, danikil),adz (Somali), imu-garreh (Arabic, Galinya)
Solanum incanum L.
Official name : Solanum incanum L.
Family : Solanaceae
Synonyms : Solanum insanum L. , Solanum coagulans Forssk.
Symptoms : H(100)
Recipes : H(100) gono., fruit, RNS.
Region : East Africa
Country : Ethiopia
Vernacular name : ingulla (Tigrinya), inboye (Amarinya), hidi (Galinya), apple of Sodan (English)
Solanum marginatum L. f.
Official name : Solanum marginatum L. f.
Family : Solanaceae
Symptoms : H(090), H(104)
Recipes : H(090), roasted lightly seeds, heart weakness
H(104), roasted lightly seeds, stomach comlaints
Region : East Africa
Country : Ethiopia
Vernacular name : geber-imbway, zerch-imbway, heda, iddi-orabissa (Galinya), angulle (Tigrinya)
Stephania abyssinica (Dill. & A. Rich.) Walp.
Official name : Stephania abyssinica (Dill. & A. Rich.) Walp.
Family : Menispermaceae
Symptoms : H(100)
Recipes : H(100) syph., whole plant, extract
Region : East Africa
Country : Ethiopia
Vernacular name : engotichit, ye-aitareg, itse-eyesus (Amarinya)
Strychnos spinosa Lam.
Official name : Strychnos spinosa Lam.
Family : Strychnaceae
Synonyms : Strychnos buettneri Gilg
Symptoms : H(092)
Recipes : H(092) seeds of Strychnos spinosa are poisonous but H(095) pulp of the fruit is edible.
Region : East Africa
Country : Ethiopia
Vernacular name : angora (Galinya, Harar)
Tagetes minuta L.
Official name : Tagetes minuta L.
Family : Asteraceae
Symptoms : H(039)
Recipes : H(039), plants oil, insecticide
Region : East Africa
Country : Ethiopia
Vernacular name : not registered
Tamarindus indica L.
Official name : Tamarindus indica L.
Family : Fabaceae
Synonyms : Tamarindus erythraea Mattei
Symptoms : H(006), H(008), H(013), H(050), H(135)
Recipes : H(006) laxative, fruit, H(008), seeds,H(013) furuncle, leaves , cataplasm, H(050), fruit, H(135), fruit
Region : East Africa
Country : Ethiopia
Vernacular name : homar (Amarinya), roka (Galinya), ragai (Soddu), tamarind-hendi (Arabic)
Tephrosia vogelii Hook. f.
Official name : Tephrosia vogelii Hook. f.
Family : Fabaceae
Symptoms : H(092), H(112)
Recipes : H(092) the leaves of Tephrosia vogelii are used as fish poison
H(092), the seeds, leaves and roots of this shrubby herb are considered poisonous..
H(112), abortifacient, the leaves of Tephrosia vogelii are reportedly in bringing about abortions
Region : East Africa
Country : Ethiopia
Vernacular name : not communicated by the author
Tephrosia vogelii Hook. f.
Official name : Tephrosia vogelii Hook. f.
Family : Fabaceae
Symptoms : V(092)
Recipes : H(092) the leaves of Tephrosia vogelii are used as fish poison
Region : East Africa
Country : Ethiopia
Vernacular name : not communicated by the author
Trichilia emetica Vahl
Official name : Trichilia emetica Vahl
Family : Meliaceae
Synonyms : Trichilia roka (Forssk.) Chiov
Symptoms : H(022), H(051)
Recipes : H(022), infus roots, VO., H(051) paludism, whole plant, RNS
Region : East Africa
Country : Ethiopia
Vernacular name : kota, gummeh (Tigrinya), yahy (Somali), roka (Arabic)
Trigonella foenum-graecum L.
Official name : Trigonella foenum-graecum L.
Family : Fabaceae
Symptoms : H(013)
Recipes : H(013), ONS, paste on boils (ebtet) + Vicia faba
Region : East Africa
Country : Ethiopia
Vernacular name : abish (Amarinya), sunko (Galinya), abacham, abacheh (Tigrinya)
Vernonia amygdalina Delile
Official name : Vernonia amygdalina Delile
Family : Asteraceae
Synonyms : Vernonia senegalensis A. Chev. , Gymnanthemum amygdalinum (Delile) Sch. Bip. Ex Walp.
Symptoms : H(007), H(051), H(104)
Recipes : H(007) purg., extract from the plant, RNS.
H(051) paludism, ONS, RNS
H(104) stomach, dry flowers, RNS
Region : East Africa
Country : Ethiopia
Vernacular name : grawa (Amarinya), ebicha (Galinya), dumoga (Galinya-harar)
Ximenia americana L.
Official name : Ximenia americana L.
Family : Olacaceae
Symptoms : H(068)
Recipes : H(068), ONS., eaten in large quantities
Region : East Africa
Country : Ethiopia
Vernacular name : inkoy (Amarinya), huda (Galinya), mellau, meleta (Tigrinya), aure-mudube, mandraut, mondruk, morod, amirgudud (Somali), oda (Galinya-kaffa)
Ximenia caffra Sond.
Official name : Ximenia caffra Sond.
Family : Olacaceae
Synonyms : Ximenia americana L. var. caffra (Sond.) Engl. , Ximenia americana L. var. tomentosa Engl.
Symptoms : H(068)
Recipes : H(068), ONS., eaten in large quantities
Region : East Africa
Country : Ethiopia
Vernacular name : hurranh-addee (Somali), inginkada (?)
Zehneria scabra (L.f.) Sond.
Official name : Zehneria scabra (L.f.) Sond.
Family : Cucurbitaceae
Synonyms : Melothria punctata (Thunb.) Cogn.
Symptoms : H(014)
Recipes : H(014), leaves, juice, RNS.
Region : East Africa
Country : Ethiopia
Vernacular name : areg-ressa (Amarinya), hafafelo (Tigrinya)
Zingiber officinale Roscoe
Official name : Zingiber officinale Roscoe
Family : Zingiberaceae
Symptoms : H(051), H(091), H(104), H(108)
Recipes : H(051), rhizome, RNS, H(091), rhizome, RNS, H(104) stomach, rhizome Zingiber officinale chewed with Lepidium sativum, H(108), rhizome, RNS
Region : East Africa
Country : Ethiopia
Vernacular name : zingibil (Amarinya, dendabil (Tigrinya)
Ziziphus abyssinica A. Rich.
Official name : Ziziphus abyssinica A. Rich.
Family : Rhamnaceae
Symptoms : H(088)
Recipes : H(088), roots, RNS
Region : East Africa
Country : Ethiopia
Vernacular name : gava (Tigrinya), ghob, gheb, jumuba (Somali), kurkura (Galinya-harar) & (Adaric)