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Reference : HG 18

Author(s) : Giday Mirutse , Tilahum Teklehaymanot, Abebe Animut,Yalemtsehay Mekonnen
Title : Medicinal plants of the Shinasha, Agew-awi and Amhara peoples in northwest Ethiopia. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, Volume 110, pp. 516 - 525 (2007)
Reference HG 18 has information about 46 plants :
Achyranthes aspera L.
Official name : Achyranthes aspera L.
Family : Amaranthaceae
Synonyms : Achyranthes annua Dinter , Achyranthes indica (L.) Mill. , Achyranthes aspera L. var. sicula , Achyranthes obovata Peter.
Symptoms : H(004), H(027y), H(124)
Recipes : H(004), roots of Achyranthes aspera, RNS., local application
H(027y) + H(124), seeds , RNS. , on placenta
Region : East Africa
Country : Ethiopia (Northwest)
Vernacular name : telenj (Amhara)
Acokanthera schimperi (A.DC.) Schweinf.
Official name : Acokanthera schimperi (A.DC.) Schweinf.
Family : Apocynaceae
Symptoms : H(004), H(094), H(126)
Recipes : H(004), leaves of Acokanthera schimperi of Premma schiperi, leaves + barks of leaves of Croton macrostachyus, RNS., local application
H(094), leaves, RNS, anal application
H(126), leaves, fumigation + leaves and roots, RNS., VO.
Region : East Africa
Country : Ethiopia (Northwest)
Vernacular name : merenz (Amhara)
Aloe sp.
Official name : Aloe sp.
Family : Asphodelaceae
Symptoms : H(022), H(051)
Recipes : H(022), juice of leaves of Aloe sp., VO. (receipts Amhara)
H(051) paludism leaves, RNS., VO. (receipts Shinasha)
Region : East Africa
Country : Ethiopia (Northwest)
Vernacular name : wonde-eret (Amhara)
Azadirachta indica A. Juss.
Official name : Azadirachta indica A. Juss.
Family : Meliaceae
Synonyms : Melia azadirachta L.
Symptoms : H(051)
Recipes : H(051) paludism leaves of Azadirachta indica, leaves and barks of Croton macrostachyus, leaves and roots of Carica papaya, RNS., VO.
Region : East Africa
Country : Ethiopia (Northwest)
Vernacular name : neem (Amhara)
Brucea antidysenterica J.F. Mill.
Official name : Brucea antidysenterica J.F. Mill.
Family : Simaroubaceae
Symptoms : H(201)
Recipes : H(201) evil eye, roots of Brucea antidysenterica of Capparis tomentosa of Carissa spinarum, tie around the neck
Region : East Africa
Country : Ethiopia (Northwest)
Vernacular name : abalo (Agew-Awi)
Calotropis procera (Aiton) W.T.Aiton
Official name : Calotropis procera (Aiton) W.T.Aiton
Family : Apocynaceae
Synonyms : Asclepias procera Aiton
Symptoms : H(094)
Recipes : H(094),white latex of Calotropis procera in local application
Region : East Africa
Country : Ethiopia (Northwest)
Vernacular name : qimbo (Amhara)
Calpurnia aurea (Aiton) Benth.
Official name : Calpurnia aurea (Aiton) Benth.
Family : Fabaceae
Synonyms : Calpurnia subdecandra (L'Hérit.) Schweick.
Symptoms : H(008), H(051), H(068), H(151), H(171)
Recipes : H(068) amoebiasis, roots of Calpurnia aurea, RNS., VO. (receipts Shinasha)
H(051) paludism leaves, RNS., VO. (receipts Amhara)
H(008), H(070), H(171), leaves, seeds, RNS., VO. (receipts Amhara)
H(151), seeds, RNS., VO. (receipts Amhara)
Region : East Africa
Country : Ethiopia (Northwest)
Vernacular name : digita (Amhara, Shinasha)
Capparis tomentosa Lam.
Official name : Capparis tomentosa Lam.
Family : Capparaceae
Synonyms : Capparis polymorpha Guill. & Pers. , Capparis persicifolia A.Rich.
Symptoms : H(018), H(027y), H(051), H(124), H(166), H(200), H(201), H(206)
Recipes : H(018) + H(051) + H(113) muscle spasm +H(014) herpes + H(206) (all those symptoms = mich) , fumigation of leaves of Capparis tomentosa (receipts Shinasha)
H(027y) + H(124), roots of Asparagus sp. of Capparis tomentosa of Carissa spinarum of Clerodendrum myricoides, RNS., fumigation (receipts Amhara)
H(099) epilepsy, roots tied around the neck (receipts Agew-Awi)
H(201) evil eye, roots of Brucea antidysenterica of Capparis tomentosa of Carissa spinarum, tied around the neck (receipts Agew-Awi)
Region : East Africa
Country : Ethiopia (Northwest)
Vernacular name : gumoro (Amhara), gumero (Shinasha), kanguri (Agew-Awi)
Capsicum annuum L.
Official name : Capsicum annuum L.
Family : Solanaceae
Synonyms : Capsicum frutescens L.
Symptoms : H(051)
Recipes : H(051) paludism fruit of Capsicum annuum, leaves of Otostegia integrifolia of Ocimum gratissimum var. gratissimum, seeds of Prunus persica of Schinus molle, RNS. VO.
Region : East Africa
Country : Ethiopia (Northwest)
Vernacular name : mitmita (Amhara)
Carica papaya L.
Official name : Carica papaya L.
Family : Caricaceae
Symptoms : H(051)
Recipes : H(051) paludism leaves of Azadirachta indica, leaves and barks of Croton macrostachyus, leaves and roots of Carica papaya, RNS., VO.
Region : East Africa
Country : Ethiopia (Northwest)
Vernacular name : papaya (Amhara)
Clematis hirsuta Guill. & Perr.
Official name : Clematis hirsuta Guill. & Perr.
Family : Ranunculaceae
Symptoms : H(001), H(004), H(068), H(094), H(172)
Recipes : H(001) trachome, leaves of Clematis hirsuta, RNS.
H(004), H(172), leaves, RNS., local application
H(094), fruit, RNS. local application (receipts Shinasha)
H(068), roots tied around the chest
Region : East Africa
Country : Ethiopia (Northwest)
Vernacular name : azo-hareg (Shinasha)
Clerodendrum myricoides (Hochst.) R. Br. ex Vatke
Official name : Clerodendrum myricoides (Hochst.) R. Br. ex Vatke
Family : Labiatae
Symptoms : H(027y), H(124), H(103), H(201)
Recipes : H(027y) + H(124), roots of Asparagus sp. of Capparis tomentosa of Carissa spinarum of Clerodendrum myricoides, RNS., fumigation
H(103) tooth bleeding, to brush the teeths with a stem (receipts Amhara)
H(201) evil eye, leaves and roots tied around the neck + application on eyes and nostril + seeds of Lepidium sativum (receipts Agew-Awi)
Region : East Africa
Country : Ethiopia (Northwest)
Vernacular name : misrich (Amhara); lingirtsi (Agew-Awi)
Commelina sp.
Official name : Commelina sp.
Family : Commelinaceae
Symptoms : H(004)
Recipes : H(004) footwound, leaves and roots, RNS., local application
Region : East Africa
Country : Ethiopia (Northwest)
Vernacular name : wuha-anqur (Amhara)
Cordia africana Lam.
Official name : Cordia africana Lam.
Family : Boraginaceae
Synonyms : Cordia holstii Guerke
Symptoms : H(008), H(068), H(104), H(126)
Recipes : H(008), H(104), roots and barks of roots of Cordia africana, RNS, VO.
H(068, 2) amibiasis, roots of Cordia africana, leaves of Cynoglossum coeruleum, RNS., VO. (receipts Shinasha)
H(126), leaves, roots of Cordia africana, RNS, VO.(receipts Amhara)
Region : East Africa
Country : Ethiopia (Northwest)
Vernacular name : wanza (Amhara, Shinasha)
Croton macrostachyus Hochst. ex Del.
Official name : Croton macrostachyus Hochst. ex Del.
Family : Euphorbiaceae
Symptoms : H(004), H(051), H(068), H(070), H(100)
Recipes : H(004), leaves of Acokanthera schimperi of Premma schiperi, leaves + barks of leaves of Croton macrostachyus, RNS., local application
H(051) paludism leaves of Azadirachta indica, leaves and barks of Croton macrostachyus, leaves and roots of Carica papaya, RNS., VO.
H(070), barks of roots, RNS., VO.
H(100) gono, leaves, RNS., VO. (receipts Amhara)
H(051) paludism roots of Croton macrostachyus of Gardenia lutea, RNS, VO. (receipts Shinasha)
H(004), leaves, RNS., local application
H(051) paludism roots, RNS, VO.
H(068, 2), leaves, RNS., VO. (receipts Agew-Awi)
Region : East Africa
Country : Ethiopia (Northwest)
Vernacular name : bisana (Amhara, Shinasha), asisi (Agew-Awi)
Cynoglossum coeruleum A.DC.
Official name : Cynoglossum coeruleum A.DC.
Family : Boraginaceae
Symptoms : H(018), H(051), H(068), H(077), H(103), H(166), H(200)
Recipes : H(018) + H(051) + H(166) muscle spasm +H(014) herpes + H(206) (all those symptoms = mich), leaves of Cynoglossum coeruleum, RNS., VO. + application on skin
H(068, 2) amibiasis, roots of Cordia africana, leaves of Cynoglossum coeruleum, RNS., VO. (receipts Shinasha)
H(103), leaves holded between teeth
Region : East Africa
Country : Ethiopia (Northwest)
Vernacular name : shimgigit (Amhara), tasijo (Agew-Awi)
Datura stramonium L.
Official name : Datura stramonium L.
Family : Solanaceae
Symptoms : H(091), H(094)
Recipes : H(094), leaves of Datura stramonium, RNS., local application (receipts Amhara)
H(091) child, loss of weight, leaves, RNS., application on head
Region : East Africa
Country : Ethiopia (Northwest)
Vernacular name : asternagir (Amhara), leflif (Agew-Awi)
Dodonaea angustifolia L. f.
Official name : Dodonaea angustifolia L. f.
Family : Sapindaceae
Symptoms : H(051)
Recipes : H(051) paludism seeds of Dodonaea angustifolia, RNS., VO.
Region : East Africa
Country : Ethiopia (Northwest)
Vernacular name : kitkita (Agew-Awi)
Embelia schimperi Vatke
Official name : Embelia schimperi Vatke
Family : Myrsinaceae
Synonyms : Embelia kilimandschari Gilg
Symptoms : H(068)
Recipes : H(068) tapeworm, fruit of Embelia schimperi, RNS., VO.
Region : East Africa
Country : Ethiopia (Northwest)
Vernacular name : inkoko (Amhara)
Erythrina abyssinica Lam. ex DC.
Official name : Erythrina abyssinica Lam. ex DC.
Family : Fabaceae
Symptoms : H(008) + H(104)
Recipes : H(008) + H(104), stembarks of Erythrina abyssinica, RNS., VO.
Region : East Africa
Country : Ethiopia (Northwest)
Vernacular name : gelya (Shinasha)
Ficus sp.
Official name : Ficus sp.
Family : Moraceae
Symptoms : H(070)
Recipes : H(070), latex, stembark of Ficus sp., leaves of Phytolacca dodecandra RNS., VO. (receipts Amhara)
H(155), leaves, RNS., VO. (receipts Shinasha)
Region : East Africa
Country : Ethiopia (Northwest)
Vernacular name : warka (Amhara)
Foeniculum vulgare Mill.
Official name : Foeniculum vulgare Mill.
Family : Apiaceae
Symptoms : H(100)
Recipes : H(100) gono, leaves and roots of Foeniculum vulgare, seeds of Lepidium sativum, RNS., VO.
Region : East Africa
Country : Ethiopia (Northwest)
Vernacular name : inslal (Amhara)
Galinsoga parviflora Cav.
Official name : Galinsoga parviflora Cav.
Family : Asteraceae
Symptoms : H(094)
Recipes : H(094), leaves of Galinsoga parviflora, RNS., local application
Region : East Africa
Country : Ethiopia (Northwest)
Vernacular name : akenchira (Amhara)
Glinus lotoides L.
Official name : Glinus lotoides L.
Family : Aizoaceae
Symptoms : H(068)
Recipes : H(068) taenia, fruit of Glinus lotoides, RNS., VO.
Region : East Africa
Country : Ethiopia (Northwest)
Vernacular name : ambresha (Shinasha)
Jatropha curcas L.
Official name : Jatropha curcas L.
Family : Euphorbiaceae
Symptoms : H(070)
Recipes : H(070), seeds of Jatropha curcas, RNS, VO.
Region : East Africa
Country : Ethiopia (Northwest)
Vernacular name : yesudan-galo (Amhara)
Juniperus procera Hochst. ex A. Rich.
Official name : Juniperus procera Hochst. ex A. Rich.
Family : Cupressaceae
Symptoms : H(055)
Recipes : H(055), leaves of Juniperus procera, RNS., VO.
Region : East Africa
Country : Ethiopia (Northwest)
Vernacular name : tid (Amhara)
Kalanchoe sp.
Official name : Kalanchoe sp.
Family : Crassulaceae
Symptoms : H(018)
Recipes : H(018), tuber of Kalanchoe sp., RNS., VO.
Region : East Africa
Country : Ethiopia (Northwest)
Vernacular name : indahula (Shinasha)
Lagenaria siceraria (Molina) Standley
Official name : Lagenaria siceraria (Molina) Standley
Family : Cucurbitaceae
Synonyms : Lagenaria vulgaris Ser. , Cucurbita lagenaria L.
Symptoms : H(004)
Recipes : H(004), roots of Lagenaria siceraria of Phytolacca dodecandra, RNS., VO.
Region : East Africa
Country : Ethiopia (Northwest)
Vernacular name : qil (Agew-Awi)
Lepidium sativum L.
Official name : Lepidium sativum L.
Family : Brassicaceae
Symptoms : H(100), H(104), H(201)
Recipes : H(100) gono, leaves and roots of Foeniculum vulgare, seeds of Lepidium sativum, RNS., VO.
H(104), fruit, RNS, VO. (receipts Amhara)
H(189) "mewejber" child illness characterized by confused mental state, seeds, RNS, nasal
H(201) evileye, leaves and roots tied around the neck + application on eyes and nostril + seeds of Lepidium sativum (receipts Agew-Awi)
Region : East Africa
Country : Ethiopia (Northwest)
Vernacular name : feto (Amhara, Agew-Awi)
Ocimum lamiifolium Hochst. ex Benth.
Official name : Ocimum lamiifolium Hochst. ex Benth.
Family : Lamiaceae
Symptoms : H(018), H(051), H(166), H(200), H(206)
Recipes : H(018) + H(051) + H(113) muscle spasm +H(014) herpes + H(206) (all those symptoms = mich) leaves of Ocimum lamiifolium, RNS., local application
Region : East Africa
Country : Ethiopia (Northwest)
Vernacular name : yemich-medhanit (Agew-Awi)
Osyris quadripartita Salzm. ex Decne.
Official name : Osyris quadripartita Salzm. ex Decne.
Family : Santalaceae
Synonyms : Osyris tenuifolia Engl.
Symptoms :
Recipes : H(194 ), leaves of Osyris quadripartita, RNS., local application
Region : East Africa
Country : Ethiopia (Northwest)
Vernacular name : qerets (Amhara)
Phytolacca dodecandra L'Hérit.
Official name : Phytolacca dodecandra L'Hérit.
Family : Phytolaccaceae
Symptoms : H(004), H(070)
Recipes : H(004), roots of Lagenaria siceraria of Phytolacca dodecandra, RNS., VO.
H(014) itch, leaves, RNS., local application ( receipts Agew-Awi)
H(070), latex, stembark of Ficus sp., leaves of Phytolacca dodecandra RNS., VO. (receipts Amhara)
Region : East Africa
Country : Ethiopia (Northwest)
Vernacular name : endod (Amhara, Agew-Awi)
Plumbago zeylanica L.
Official name : Plumbago zeylanica L.
Family : Plumbaginaceae
Symptoms : H(037)
Recipes : H(037) gland tuberculosis, H(139), leaves, roots of Plumbago zeylanica, local application + VO.
H(037) bone tuberculosis, leaves of Plumbago zeylanica of Croton macrostachyus, RNS. VO.
H(051) paludism leaves, RNS., VO. (receipts Amhara)
H(037), roots, RNS., local application
H(094), roots, RNS, local application
H(178), leaves, RNS., VO. (receipts Shinasha)
Region : East Africa
Country : Ethiopia (Northwest)
Vernacular name : amira (Amhara, Shinasha)
Prunus persica (L.) Batsch
Official name : Prunus persica (L.) Batsch
Family : Rosaceae
Synonyms : Amygdalus persica L.
Symptoms : H(051)
Recipes : H(051) paludism fruit of Capsicum annuum, leaves of Otostegia integrifolia of Ocimum gratissimum var. gratissimum, seeds of Prunus persica of Schinus molle, RNS. VO.
Region : East Africa
Country : Ethiopia (Northwest)
Vernacular name : kok (Amhara)
Rumex abyssinicus Jacq.
Official name : Rumex abyssinicus Jacq.
Family : Polygonaceae
Symptoms : H(014), H(151)
Recipes : H(014) gale,H(014) vitiligo, roots of Rumex abyssinicus, local application
H(151), roots, RNS., VO.
Region : East Africa
Country : Ethiopia (Northwest)
Vernacular name : meqmoqo (Amhara)
Rumex nepalensis Spreng.
Official name : Rumex nepalensis Spreng.
Family : Polygonaceae
Symptoms : H(004)
Recipes : H(004), roots of Rumex nepalensis, RNS., VO.
Region : East Africa
Country : Ethiopia (Northwest)
Vernacular name : timbilki (Agew-Awi)
Sida ovata Forssk.
Official name : Sida ovata Forssk.
Family : Malvaceae
Symptoms : H(004)
Recipes : H(004) foot wound, roots and leaves of Sida ovata, RNS., local application
Region : East Africa
Country : Ethiopia (Northwest)
Vernacular name : chifrig (Amhara)
Stephania abyssinica (Dill. & A. Rich.) Walp.
Official name : Stephania abyssinica (Dill. & A. Rich.) Walp.
Family : Menispermaceae
Symptoms : H(004), H(139)
Recipes : H(004), roots of Stephania abyssinica, RNS., local application (receipts Amhara)
H(139), roots, RNS., VO. (Shinasha)
Region : East Africa
Country : Ethiopia (Northwest)
Vernacular name : yeait-hareg (Amhara), harege-eyesus (Shinasha)
Stereospermum kunthianum Cham.
Official name : Stereospermum kunthianum Cham.
Family : Bignoniaceae
Symptoms : H(004), H(008), H(020)
Recipes : H(004), barks of roots of Stereospermum kunthianum, RNS., local application
H(008), stembark, RNS., VO. (receipts Agew-Awi)
H(020) snake and scorpios, barks, RNS, VO.
H(020) snake, barks of roots, RNS., local application
Region : East Africa
Country : Ethiopia (Northwest)
Vernacular name : zana (Agew-Awi), washinte (Amhara)
Syzygium guineense (Willd.) DC.
Official name : Syzygium guineense (Willd.) DC.
Family : Myrtaceae
Symptoms : H(189)
Recipes : H(189) "mewejber" child illness characterized by confused mental state, roots of Syzygium guineense tied around the neck
Region : East Africa
Country : Ethiopia (Northwest)
Vernacular name : doqma (Agew-Awi)
Verbena officinalis L.
Official name : Verbena officinalis L.
Family : Verbenaceae
Synonyms : Verbena officinalis L. subsp. africana R.Fern. & Verdc.
Symptoms : H(008), H(077)
Recipes : H(008), H(077), roots and leaves of Verbena officinalis, RNS., VO.
Region : East Africa
Country : Ethiopia (Northwest)
Vernacular name : atuch (Amhara)
Vernonia adoensis Schultz-Bip. ex Walp.
Official name : Vernonia adoensis Schultz-Bip. ex Walp.
Family : Asteraceae
Synonyms : Vernonia macrocephala A.Rich.
Symptoms : H(008), H(018), H(051), H(093), H(104), H(166), H(200), H(206)
Recipes : H(018) + H(051) + H(113) muscle spasm +H(014) herpes + H(206) (all those symptoms = mich) , roots of Vernonia adoensis, RNS., fumigation
H(008) + H(104), H(093), roots of Vernonia adoensis, RNS., VO.
Region : East Africa
Country : Ethiopia (Northwest)
Vernacular name : umel-iruq., aba-musa (Amhara)
Vernonia amygdalina Delile
Official name : Vernonia amygdalina Delile
Family : Asteraceae
Synonyms : Vernonia senegalensis A. Chev. , Gymnanthemum amygdalinum (Delile) Sch. Bip. Ex Walp.
Symptoms : H(068)
Recipes : H(068) ascaris, leaves of Vernonia amygdalina, RNS., VO.
Region : East Africa
Country : Ethiopia (Northwest)
Vernacular name : girawa (Agew-Awi)
Zehneria scabra (L.f.) Sond.
Official name : Zehneria scabra (L.f.) Sond.
Family : Cucurbitaceae
Synonyms : Melothria punctata (Thunb.) Cogn.
Symptoms : H(051), H(091)
Recipes : H(051) paludism roots and leaves of Zehneria scabra , RNS., VO. ( receipts Agew-Awi)
H(091) anemia, roots, RNS., VO. (receipts Amhara)
Region : East Africa
Country : Ethiopia (Northwest)
Vernacular name : yequra-hareg (Amhara), areg-resa (Agew-Awi)
Zingiber officinale Roscoe
Official name : Zingiber officinale Roscoe
Family : Zingiberaceae
Symptoms : H(037)
Recipes : H(037) bonetuberculosis, rhizom of Zingiber officinale
Region : East Africa
Country : Ethiopia (Northwest)
Vernacular name : zingibil (Shinasha)
Ziziphus spina-christi (L.) Desf.
Official name : Ziziphus spina-christi (L.) Desf.
Family : Rhamnaceae
Synonyms : Ziziphus africana P. Mill. , Ziziphus sphaerocarpa Tul.
Symptoms : H(001)
Recipes : H(001) cataract, thorn of Ziziphus spina-christi, RNS., local application
Region : East Africa
Country : Ethiopia (Northwest)
Vernacular name : kukura (Shinasha)