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Reference : HG 21

Author(s) : Grønhaug, T. E., S.G. Glaeserud, M. Skogsrud, N. Ballo, S. Bah, D. Diallo & S. Paulsen
Title : Ethnopharmacological survey of six medicinal plants from Mali, West-Africa. Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine 4 : 26 (2008) http://www.ethnobiomed.com/content/4/1/26 + Additional file
Reference HG 21 has information about 19 plants :
Aframomum melegueta (Roscoe) K.Schum.
Official name : Aframomum melegueta (Roscoe) K.Schum.
Family : Zingiberaceae
Symptoms : H(026), H(038), H(162x)
Recipes : H(026, 1) dysmenorrhoea, roots of Ximenia americana, powder + fruit from Aframomum melegueta + sea salt. Add to drink
H(038, 1) genital-itching, root of Ximenia americana in powder, fruit from Aframomum melegueta + sea salt., VO.
H(162x, 1) incontinence, root powder of Ximenia americana, fruit from Aframomum melegueta +.sea salt., VO.
Region : West Africa
Country : Mali (regions of Siby and Diolla
Vernacular name : not communicated by the authors
Alternanthera pungens Kunth
Official name : Alternanthera pungens Kunth
Family : Amaranthaceae
Synonyms : Alternanthera repens O. Ktze.
Symptoms : H(100)
Recipes : H(100, 1) sexual infection, stem bark of Parkia biglobosa of Alternanthera repens + butter (optionally), VO. and genital wash. If itch mix some powder with butter and apply.
Region : West Africa
Country : Mali (regions of Siby and Diolla
Vernacular name : not communicated by the authors
Biophytum petersianum Klotzch
Official name : Biophytum petersianum Klotzch
Family : Oxalidaceae
Symptoms : H(008), H(020), H(020x), H(046), H(051), H(075), H(091), H(098), H(104), H(139), H(162)
Recipes : H(008, 1) diarrhoea, plant infusion of Biophytum petersianum, VO.
H(020, 1) snakebite (wound healing), plant decoction of Biophytum petersianum, VO. and wash of bite
H(020x, 1) plant powder in oil, wash the bite
H(046, 1) measles, plant powder in H2O, VO. + body wash
H(051, 8) cerebral paludism, plant powder of Biophytum petersianum, mixed with shea-butter / H2O / oil, the mixture is applied onto the body.
H(051, 1) cerebral paludism, plant , mixed with shea-butter and H2O, split into 2 parts. Infusion in H2O, body wash and mix with shea-butter, apply onto the body
H(051, 4) cerebral paludism, plant, decoction and powder, mixed with shea-butter / H2O / oil., VO. and/or body bath and the mixture is applied onto the body.
H(051, 2) cerebral paludism, plant of Biophytum petersianum of Combretum glutinosum (optionally), VO. and body bath.
H(051, 2) cerebral paludism, decoction and powder of leaves and plant, mixed with shea-butter / oil., body bath. the mixture is applied onto the body.
H(051, 2) cerebral paludism, decoction of leaves, VO. and body bath. If infants are ill, wash the mother’s breasts.
H(075, 1) increase appetite, plant decoction, VO. + body wash
H(091, 1) tonic (children), plant decoction, VO. + body wash (large amounts are needed).
H(098, 2) scared children / sleeplessness, plant decoction, VO. + eye wash
H(104, 1) stomachache (children) , plant decoction, VO.
H(139, 1) aphrodisiac, plant powder + salt and H2O (optionally), VO.
. H(162, 1) pain when urinating , plant decoction, VO.
Region : West Africa
Country : Mali (regions of Siby and Diolla
Vernacular name : not communicated by the authors
Bridelia ferruginea Benth.
Official name : Bridelia ferruginea Benth.
Family : Phyllanthaceae
Symptoms : H(026)
Recipes : H(026, 2) dysmenorrhoea decoction of powder of roots of Ximenia americana of Bridelia ferruginea., Cassia sieberiana., Securidaca longepedunculata and Securinega virosa + sea salt and rice, VO. and body bath
Region : West Africa
Country : Mali (regions of Siby and Diolla
Vernacular name : not communicated by the authors
Butyrospermum parkii (G. Don) Kotschy
Official name : Butyrospermum parkii (G. Don) Kotschy
Family : Sapotaceae
Symptoms : H(003), H(014), H(037), H(097)
Recipes : H(003, 1) swelling of head and legs, root sundried of Ximenia americana, powder + butter from Butyrospermum parkii., mixture is massaged onto the swollen areas. If wounds, cover the wounds with mixture.
H(014, 1) fungal infection, stem bark (E- and W-side from tree), decoction, stem bark from Butyrospermum parkii (E- and W-side from both trees) (Optionally), VO. or VO. and wash of anus or VO. and wash of infected area.
H(037, 1) chest pain , burned branches of Cola cordifolia + butter of Butyrospermum parkii, mixture of ash and butter is applied.
H(109) backache, powder of stem bark of Cola cordifolia + butter of Butyrospermum parkii, mixture is massaged into the painful areas
H(037, 1) cough / short of breath after work, powder of stem bark of Parkia biglobosa of Butyrospermum parkii + sea salt, H2O., VO.
H(097, 1) swelling of genitals, sap of Parkia biglobosa burned, powder + butter from Butyrospermum parkii. The mixture is applied to the swollen parts.
Region : West Africa
Country : Mali (regions of Siby and Diolla
Vernacular name : yeleni nèloutogo and djutogoui
Cassia sieberiana DC.
Official name : Cassia sieberiana DC.
Family : Fabaceae
Synonyms : Cassia kotschyana Oliv.
Symptoms : H(026)
Recipes : H(026, 2) dysmenorrhoea decoction of powder of roots of Ximenia americana of Bridelia ferruginea., Cassia sieberiana., Securidaca longepedunculata and Securinega virosa + sea salt and rice, VO. and body bath
Region : West Africa
Country : Mali (regions of Siby and Diolla
Vernacular name : not communicated by the authors
Cola cordifolia R. Br.
Official name : Cola cordifolia R. Br.
Family : Sterculiaceae
Symptoms : H(004), H(005), H(008), H(018), H(033y), H(037), H(051), H(068), H(082), H(091), H(097), H(109), H(137), H(201)
Recipes : H(004) old wounds, stem barks of Cola cordifolia, 2 parts, :1) soaked in H2O, 2) burned, wound is washed with H2O and then covered with ash
.H(005, 1) oedema, powder of the stem bark, VO. , patient should not eat sugar, salt or milk during the treatment.
H(008, 2) +H(037, 2) diarrhoea and coughing, decoction of stem barks of Cola cordifolia , VO. and body bath
H(008, 1) +H(037, 1) diarrhoea and coughing, decoction of leaves and stem bark, VO. and body bath
H(008, 1) diarrhoea childeren, leaves decoction, VO. and body bath
H(018, 2) severe headache , leaves of Cola cordifolia of Loranthus sp.., decoction powder, inhale steam, wash head and throw powder into fire, inhale smoke.
H(018, 1) severe headache, decoction of leaves and stem bark, VO.
H(018, 1) severe headache, stem bark of Cola cordifolia of Loranthus sp.., powder, thrown into fire, inhale smoke.
H(018, 2) headache, decoction of stem bark (from N-, E-, S-, W-side of the tree) + sea salt (optionally), wash head or steam bath of head
H(033y, 1) low semen production, powder of stem bark (E- and W-side of tree) + sea salt and H2O., VO.
H(037, 1) chest pain , decoction of stem bark (from N-, E-, S-, W-side of the tree), body bath and apply a piece of stem bark to the chest.
H(037, 1) chest pain , burned branches of Cola cordifolia + butter of Butyrospermum parkii, mixture of ash and butter is applied.
H(051, 2) fever (adults and children) , decoction of stem barks, VO. and/or body bath
H(051, 2) fever (adults and children), decoction of leaves and stem bark and/or (E-side of the tree) , VO. and/or body bath
H(051, 1) fever (adults and children), decoction of leaves, roots and stem bark (E-side of the tree) , VO. and/or body bath
H(051) paludism, decoction of stem barks, body bath
H(068, 1) schistosomiasis, decoction of roots (E- and W-side of tree), VO. and and body wash
H(082, 1) asthma, leaves soaked in H2O for 7 days, VO. and body bath
H(091, 1) quicker recovery after childbirth, decoction of stem bark (E- and W-side of tree), steam bath, VO. and body bath
H(097, 1) swelling of the testicles, leaves decoction, steam bath of the testis
H(104) stomachache, decoction of stem bark (from N-, E-, S-, W-side of the tree) + sea salt, VO.
H(109, 1) backache, powder of stem bark of Cola cordifolia + butter of Butyrospermum parkii, mixture is massaged into the painful areas
H(137, 1) general pain, decoction of stem bark (from N-, E-, S-, W-side of the tree), VO. and/or body bath
H(201, 1) preventionof child death , decoction of stem barks, body wash
H(201, 1) prevention of premature baby death, powder of stem barks of Cola cordifolia of the baba tree + H2O + food, body wash, consume
Region : West Africa
Country : Mali (regions of Siby and Diolla
Vernacular name : n'tabanokò
Combretum glutinosum Perr. ex DC.
Official name : Combretum glutinosum Perr. ex DC.
Family : Combretaceae
Symptoms : H(051)
Recipes : H(051, 2) cerebral paludism, plant of Biophytum petersianum of Combretum glutinosum (optionally), VO. and body bath.
Region : West Africa
Country : Mali (regions of Siby and Diolla
Vernacular name : not communicated by the authors
Combretum micranthum G. Don
Official name : Combretum micranthum G. Don
Family : Combretaceae
Synonyms : Combretum raimbaultii Heck. , Combretum altum Perr.
Symptoms : H(051)
Recipes : H(051, 1) decoction of leaves of Combretum molle of Combretum micranthum of Khaya senegalensis, VO.
Region : West Africa
Country : Mali (regions of Siby and Diolla
Vernacular name : not communicated by the authors
Combretum molle R. Br.
Official name : Combretum molle R. Br.
Family : Combretaceae
Synonyms : Combretum microlepidotum Engl.
Symptoms : H(018), H(033), H(037), H(051), H(068), H(077), H(099), H(104), H(137)
Recipes : H(018) headache , decoction of leaves of Combretum molle, steam bath and body bath.
H(033) impotence powder of root bark and root + see salt, VO.
H(037) chest pain, chest pain in paludism, decoction of leaves of Combretum molle, VO. + body bath
H(051, 18 ) paludism, decoction of leaves of Combretum molle, VO. and/or body bath and/or steam bath
H(051, 2 ) paludism, decoction of leaves of Combretum molle of Nauclea latifolia (optionally), VO. and body bath
H(051, 1) decoction of leaves of Combretum molle of Securinega virosa, VO. and body bath
H(051, 1) decoction of leaves + 4 sliced lemons., VO.
H(051, 1) decoction of leaves of Combretum molle of Combretum micranthum of Khaya senegalensis, VO.
H(068) schistosomiasis, root soaked in H2O, VO.
H(077) nausea, decoction of leaves, VO. .If the patient has joint pains, body bath
H(099) madness / aggressive behavior, decoction of leaves and roots, VO. and body bath
H(104) stomachache, powder of leaves of Combretum molle of roots of Securinega virosa, VO.
H(137) generalized pain, decoction of leaves, steam bath, VO. and body bath
Region : West Africa
Country : Mali (regions of Siby and Diolla
Vernacular name : ganianka
Entada africana Guill. & Perr.
Official name : Entada africana Guill. & Perr.
Family : Fabaceae
Synonyms : Entada sudanica Schweinf.
Symptoms : H(109)
Recipes : H(109, 1) backache, stem barks of Parkia biglobosa, roots of Entada africana decoction, decoction, VO. and body bath.
Region : West Africa
Country : Mali (regions of Siby and Diolla
Vernacular name : not communicated by the authors
Khaya senegalensis (Desv.) A. Juss.
Official name : Khaya senegalensis (Desv.) A. Juss.
Family : Meliaceae
Synonyms : Swietenia senegalensis Desv.
Symptoms : H(051)
Recipes : H(051, 1) decoction of leaves of Combretum molle of Combretum micranthum of Khaya senegalensis, VO.
Region : West Africa
Country : Mali (regions of Siby and Diolla
Vernacular name : not communicated by the authors
Loranthus sp.
Official name : Loranthus sp.
Family : Loranthaceae
Symptoms : H(099)
Recipes : H(018, 2) severe headache , leaves of Cola cordifolia of Loranthus sp.., decoction powder, inhale steam, wash head and throw powder into fire, inhale smoke.
H(099, 1), nightmare / anxiety in children, root of Ximenia americana of Loranthus sp., powder, body bath
Region : West Africa
Country : Mali (regions of Siby and Diolla
Vernacular name : not communicated by the authors
Nauclea latifolia Sm.
Official name : Nauclea latifolia Sm.
Family : Rubiaceae
Synonyms : Sarcocephalus russeggeri Schweinf. , Sarcocephalus latifolius (Smith) Bruce , Sarcocephalus esculentus Afzel. ex Sabine
Symptoms : H(051)
Recipes : H(051, 2 ) paludism, decoction of leaves of Combretum molle of Nauclea latifolia (optionally), VO. and body bath
Region : West Africa
Country : Mali (regions of Siby and Diolla
Vernacular name : not communicated by the authors
Opilia celtidifolia (Guill. & Perr.) Endl.
Official name : Opilia celtidifolia (Guill. & Perr.) Endl.
Family : Opiliaceae
Synonyms : Opilia amentacea Roxb.
Symptoms : H(004), H(005), H(014), H(050), H(051), H(068), H(091), H(104), H(113), H(126)
Recipes : H(004, 1) wound healing, decoction and powder of leaves of Opilia celtidifolia , body wash and apply powder to wounds.
H(005, 1) oedema, decoction or powder of leaves of Opilia celtidifolia, VO.
H(014, 7) dermatitis, leaves decoction of Opilia celtidifolia, body wash
H(014, 1) dermatitis, leaves decoction of Opilia celtidifolia, roots, leaves, flowers from an unknown plant, VO. + body wash
H(014, 2) dermatitis, leaves powder in oil, the mixture is applied onto the body.
H(014, 3) dermatitis + H(004) small wounds, leaves decoction, body wash + VO.
H(014, 3) dermatitis + H(004) small wounds, leaves decoction and powder body wash (and oral) and apply powder to wounds.
H(050, 1) flatulence, powder of roots in H2O, VO. (Side effect: diarrhoea)
H(050, 1) flatulence, leaves, roots, decoction or powder, VO. In food, body wash or consume. Side effect: diarrhoea and vomiting.
H(051, 2) paludism, decoction of leaves, VO.
H(051, 1) fever, decoction of leaves, body wash. Do not drink => side effect: diarrhoea.
H(068, 1) internal worm, decoction of the plant, VO., if overdose induce diarrhoea
H(068, 1) internal worm, decoction or powder + milk or banana, VO.
H(091, 1) tonic, leaves decoction, VO. + body wash
H(104, 1) stomachache / constipation, roots powder, VO.
H(113, 1) muscle pain, decoction of leaves, body wash
H(113, 1) rheumatism, decoction of leaves, body wash with a traditional soap before body wash with decoction.
H(126) icterus, decoction of leaves, VO.
Region : West Africa
Country : Mali (regions of Siby and Diolla
Vernacular name : korôgué
Parkia biglobosa ( Jacq.) R.Br. ex G. Don
Official name : Parkia biglobosa ( Jacq.) R.Br. ex G. Don
Family : Fabaceae
Synonyms : Parkia clappertoniana Keay
Symptoms : H(004), H(004x), H(006), H(008), H(014), H(018), H(026), H(037), H(051), H(091), H(094), H(097), H(100), H(103), H(104), H(109), H(113), H(116), H(126), H(138), H(166)
Recipes : H(004, 2) wound healing, stem bark of Parkia biglobosa, decoction, wash the wounds
H(004x, 1) Internal wounds, stem bark, powder, VO.
H(006, 1) chronic constipation , stem bark, decoction, 3-4 pieces of lemon (squeezed), VO.
H(008, 1) dysentery, stem bark, decoction, sea salt, VO.
H(014, 1) fungal infection, stem bark (E- and W-side from tree), decoction, stem bark from Butyrospermum parkii (E- and W-side from both trees) (Optionally), VO. or VO. and wash of anus or VO. and wash of infected area.
H(018, 1) headache , powder of stem bark, powder is thrown into fire and smoke inhaled.
H(026, 1) polymenorrhea, sap burned, powder, VO.
H(026, 1) polymenorrhea, stem bark (from E- and W-side of tree), decoction, white cola nut, VO.
H(037, 1) chest pain (children) leaves decoction, VO. and body bath.
H(037, 1) cough / short of breath after work, powder of stem bark of Parkia biglobosa of Butyrospermum parkii + sea salt, H2O., VO.
H(037, 1) throat infection , leaves decoction +sea salt, sea salt is placed on the back of the tongue. Steam bath of mouth.
H(037, 1) throat infection , leaves powder + H2O, gargle
H(051, 1) paludism, fruit powder + H2O, a paste is made
H(051, 1) paludism, stem bark, decoction, H2O, bath
H(091, 1) malnutrition (children), stem bark, decoction, body wash
H(094, 1) hemorrhoids, stem bark powder + hot H2O, drink 1 part and fill en enema with the other part.
H(097, 1) swelling of genitals, sap of Parkia biglobosa burned, powder + butter from Butyrospermum parkii. The mixture is applied to the swollen parts.
H(100, 1) sexual infection, stem bark of Parkia biglobosa of Alternanthera repens + butter (optionally), VO. and genital wash. If itch mix some powder with butter and apply.
H(103, 1) caries, stem bark decoction, mouthwash
H(104, 2) gastric ulcer, stem bark, powder in H2O (optionally), VO
H(109, 1) backache, leaves, decoction, steam bath of sore area.
H(109, 1) backache, stem bark of Parkia biglobosa, root of Entada africana, decoction, VO. and body bath.
H(113, 1) muscle pain, leaves decoction, VO. and massage onto the sore area.
H(116, 1) amenorrhea, stem bark and old fruits, decoction, VO. and body bath
H(126, 1) liver infection, stem bark (and root) decoction, VO. and body bath
H(138, 1) prevent epidemic (children), leaves decoction, VO. and body wash
H(138, 1) prophylaxis against infection / diseases, stem bark, decoction, body bath
H(138, 1) protection against airborne diseases (children), leaves (from a young tree), decoction, body bath
H(166, 1) hiccups, stem bark powder, VO.
Region : West Africa
Country : Mali (regions of Siby and Diolla
Vernacular name : nèrè
Securidaca longipedunculata Fresen.
Official name : Securidaca longipedunculata Fresen.
Family : Polygalaceae
Symptoms : H(026)
Recipes : H(026, 2) dysmenorrhoea decoction of powder of roots of Ximenia americana of Bridelia ferruginea., Cassia sieberiana., Securidaca longepedunculata and Securinega virosa + sea salt and rice, VO. and body bath
Region : West Africa
Country : Mali (regions of Siby and Diolla
Vernacular name : not communicated by the authors
Securinega virosa (Roxb. ex Willd.) Baill.
Official name : Securinega virosa (Roxb. ex Willd.) Baill.
Family : Euphorbiaceae
Symptoms : H(026), H(051), H(104)
Recipes : H(026, 2) dysmenorrhoea decoction of powder of roots of Ximenia americana of Bridelia ferruginea., Cassia sieberiana., Securidaca longepedunculata and Securinega virosa + sea salt and rice, VO. and body bath
H(051, 1) decoction of leaves of Combretum molle of Securinega virosa, VO. and body bath
H(104) stomachache, powder of leaves of Combretum molle of roots of Securinega virosa, VO.
Region : West Africa
Country : Mali (regions of Siby and Diolla
Vernacular name : not communicated by the authors
Ximenia americana L.
Official name : Ximenia americana L.
Family : Olacaceae
Symptoms : H(001), H(003), H(006), H(008), H(026), H(033), H(037), H(038), H(050), H(051), H(094), H(099), H(104), H(116), H(126), H(162x), H(166)
Recipes : H(001, 1) eye infection, leaves of Ximenia americana, decoction, face wash
H(003, 1) swelling of head and legs, root sundried of Ximenia americana, powder + butter from Butyrospermum parkii., mixture is massaged onto the swollen areas. If wounds, cover the wounds with mixture.
H(006, 1) constipation , root powder in H2O, VO.
H(008, 1) diarrhoea, root powder in cultured milk, VO.
H(008, 1) dysentery, root powderin H2O, VO.
H(026, 1) dysmenorrhoea, roots powder, H2O, VO.
H(026, 1) dysmenorrhoea, roots of Ximenia americana, powder + fruit from Aframomum melegueta + sea salt. Add to drink
H(026, 2) dysmenorrhoea decoction of powder of roots of Ximenia americana of Bridelia ferruginea., Cassia sieberiana., Securidaca longepedunculata and Securinega virosa + sea salt and rice, VO. and body bath
H(033, 1) female infertility, root decoction, VO.
H(037, 5) throat infection, leaves decoction + sea salt (optionally) + Chilli-powder (optionally). Sea salt and chilli are placed on the back of the tongue. Steam bath of mouth (and oral)
H(038, 1) genital-itching, root of Ximenia americana in powder, fruit from Aframomum melegueta + sea salt., VO.
H(050, 1) flatulence, root bark powder + sea salt, VO.
H(051, 1) paludism, root bark, powder, VO.
H(051, 1) paludism, root powder , VO.
H(051) cerebral paludism, leaves from Ximenia americana from Sida spp., decoction, VO. and body bath
H(051, 1) cerebral paludism, leaves and stem bark, decoction. Wash head and VO.
H(051, 1) cerebral paludism, leaves and rootts decoction. Steam bath and VO.
H(068, 1) schistosomiasis, root powder in H2O, VO.
H(068, 1) schistosomiasis, root bark powder in H2O, VO.
H(094, 1) hemorrhoids, root burned, ash in butter; 1 part VO. and 1 part is mixed with butter and applied on/around rectum.
H(099, 1) anxiety / nervousness, leaves decoction, sea salt, VO. or sea salt is placed on the back of the tongue. inhale steam
H(099, 1), nightmare / anxiety in children, root of Ximenia americana of Loranthus sp., powder, body bath
H(104, 1) gastric ulcer, root powder, VO.
H(116, 2) amenorrhoea, root mashed, divided into 2. Sundry one part – decoction. Shadow-dry one part - powder, part 2 in drink, VO.
H(126, 1) liver infection, root powder, VO.
H(162x, 1) incontinence, root powder of Ximenia americana, fruit from Aframomum melegueta +.sea salt., VO.
H(166, 1) hiccups, leaves decoction, Inhalation of steam and oral
Region : West Africa
Country : Mali (regions of Siby and Diolla
Vernacular name : ntonkè