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Reference : HG 59

Author(s) : Grønhaug, T. E., S. Glæserud, M. Skogsrud, N. Ballo, S. Bah, D. Diallo, B. S. Paulsen
Title : Ethnopharmacological survey of six medicinal plants from Mali, West-Africa Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine, 4:26 (2008)
Reference HG 59 has information about 24 plants :
Aframomum melegueta (Roscoe) K.Schum.
Official name : Aframomum melegueta (Roscoe) K.Schum.
Family : Zingiberaceae
Symptoms : H(014)
Recipes : H(026, 2) dysmenorrhoea, roots powder of Ximenia americana in H2O + add to drink fruit from Aframomum melegueta + Sea salt.
H(014) genital-itching, root powder of Ximenia americana + fruit from Aframomum melegueta + Sea salt. VO.
Region : West Africa
Country : Mali, regions around Siby and Dioila
Vernacular name : not communicated by the authors
Alternanthera pungens Kunth
Official name : Alternanthera pungens Kunth
Family : Amaranthaceae
Synonyms : Alternanthera repens O. Ktze.
Symptoms : H(100)
Recipes : H(100) sexual infection, powder of stem bark of Parkia biglobosa + stem bark from Alternanthera repens in H2P and butter (optionally). VO. and genital wash. If itch mix some powder with butter and apply.
Region : West Africa
Country : Mali, regions around Siby and Dioila
Vernacular name : not communicated by the authors
Biophytum petersianum Klotzch
Official name : Biophytum petersianum Klotzch
Family : Oxalidaceae
Symptoms : H(000), H(008), H(020), H(038), H(051), H(054), H(075), H(091), H(104), H(139)
Recipes : H(051, 9) cerebral malaria , plant powder of Biophytum petersianum, mixed with shea-butter / H2O / oil and the mixture is applied onto the body or powder mixed with H20 and shea-butter, infusion in H2O, body wash and mix with shea-butter, apply onto the body
H(051, 4) cerebral malaria , powder decoction, mixed with shea-butter / H2O / oil, oral and/or body bath and the mixture is applied onto the body.
H(051, 2) cerebral malaria, decoction of Biophytum petersianum , Combretum glutinosum . (optionally), VO. and body bath.
H(051, 2) cerebral malaria,leaves and plant of Biophytum petersianum, decoction and powder, mixed with shea-butter / oil body bath and the mixture is applied onto the body.
H(051) cerebral malaria, leaves of Biophytum petersianum, decoction VO. or body bath. If infants are ill, wash the mother’s breasts.
H(038) pain when urinating, plant decoction of Biophytum petersianum, VO.
H(104) stomachache (children) plant decoction of Biophytum petersianum, VO.
H(020) snakebite (wound healing) plant decoction of Biophytum petersianum, VO. And wash of the bite
H(020) Insect- / snakebite, plant in powder + oil, wash the bite
H(054, 2) scared children / sleeplessness, plant decoction, VO., eye wash
H(139) aphrodisiac, plant in powder + salt and water (optionally), VO.
H(008) diarrhoea / weakness, plant infusion , VO.
H(075) increase appetite, plant decoction, VO. and body wash
H(046) measles, plant powder, VO. and body wash
H(103) teething, plant powder ,+ H2O, VO.
H(091) tonic (children), plant decoction, VO.l and body wash (large amounts are needed).
Region : West Africa
Country : Mali, regions around Siby and Dioila
Vernacular name : yeleni nèloutogo, djutogou (Bambara)
Bridelia ferruginea Benth.
Official name : Bridelia ferruginea Benth.
Family : Phyllanthaceae
Symptoms : H(026)
Recipes : H(026, 2) dysmenorrhoea, decoction of roots of Ximenia americana, Bridelia ferruginea, Cassia sieberiana, Securidaca longepedunculata and Securinega virosa + Sea salt and rice
Region : West Africa
Country : Mali, regions around Siby and Dioila
Vernacular name : not communicated by the authors
Butyrospermum parkii (G. Don) Kotschy
Official name : Butyrospermum parkii (G. Don) Kotschy
Family : Sapotaceae
Symptoms : H(003), H(014), H(037), H(040), H(097)
Recipes : H(037) chest pain, branches of Cola cordifolia, burned + butter from Butyrospermum parkii, mixture of ash and butter is applied
H(040) backache, stem bark of Cola cordifolia in powder + butter from Butyrospermum parkii.
H(014) fungal infection, stem bark (E- and W-side from tree) of Parkia biglobosa, stem bark from Butyrospermum parkii (E- and W-side from both trees) (Optionally), VO. or VO. and wash of anus or VO. and wash of infected area.
H(037) cough / short of breath after work, stem bark of Parkia biglobosa in powder + stem bark from Butyrospermum parkii + sea salt, H2O, VO.
H(097) swelling of genitals, powder of sap of Parkia biglobosa burned + butter from Butyrospermum parkii. The mixture is applied to the swollen parts.
H(003) swelling of head and legs, powder root sun dried,+ Butter from Butyrospermum parkii, mixture is massaged onto the swollen areas. If wounds, cover the wounds with mixture.
Region : West Africa
Country : Mali, regions around Siby and Dioila
Vernacular name : not communicated by the authors
Cassia sieberiana DC.
Official name : Cassia sieberiana DC.
Family : Fabaceae
Synonyms : Cassia kotschyana Oliv.
Symptoms : H(026)
Recipes : H(026, 2) dysmenorrhoea, decoction of roots of Ximenia americana, Bridelia ferruginea, Cassia sieberiana, Securidaca longepedunculata and Securinega virosa + Sea salt and rice
Region : West Africa
Country : Mali, regions around Siby and Dioila
Vernacular name : not communicated by the authors
Cola cordifolia R. Br.
Official name : Cola cordifolia R. Br.
Family : Sterculiaceae
Symptoms : H(004), H(005), H(027u), H(027y), H(033y), H(037), H(040), H(068), H(097), H(104)
Recipes : H(018, 4) severe headache, leaves of Cola cordifolia , powder of Loranthus sp., decoction, inhale steam, wash head and throw powder into fire, inhale smoke.
H(018, 2), Stem bark and Loranthus spp., trown powder into fire, inhale smoke.
H(018, 2) Stem bark (from N-, E-, S-, W-side of the tree), decoction + sea salt (optionally), wash head or steam bath of head
H(137, 3) general pain, stem bark of Cola cordifolia (from E- and W-side of the tree), decoction VO. and/or body bath
H(037) chest pain, stem bark (from N-, E-, S-, W-side of the tree), decoction, body bath and apply a piece of stem bark to the chest.
H(037) chest pain, branches of Cola cordifolia, burned + butter from Butyrospermum parkii, mixture of ash and butter is applied
H(040) backache, stem bark of Cola cordifolia in powder + butter from Butyrospermum parkii
H(104) stomachache, stem bark (from E- and W-side of the tree), + sea salt, decoction, VO.
H(051, 2) fever (adults and children), stem bark, decoction, VO. and/or body bath
H(051) fever (adults and children), leaves and stem bark (E-side of the tree), decoction, VO. and/or body bath
H(051) fever (adults and children), leaves, roots and stem bark, decoction , VO. and/or body bath
H(051) fever (adults and children), leaves and stem bark, decoction , VO. and/or body bath
H(008, 2) diarrhoea (and coughing ), stem bark, decoction VO and body bath
H(008) diarrhoea (and coughing ), leaves anfd stem bark, decoction, VO and body bath
H(051) paludism, stem bark, decoction, body bath
H(004) old wounds, stem bark, first part soaked in water, second part burned, wound is washed with water and then covered with ash
H(082) asthma, leaves, soaked in water for 7 days, VO. and body bath
H(027u) prevention of death of children, stem bark of Cola cordifolia, decoction (Is used to prevent that another child dies if a child have died when it was carried at the mothers back).
H(027u), prevention of death of premature children, powder of stem bark of Cola cordifolia + stem bark from the Baba tree and VO.. Body wash and consume
H(033y) low semen production, powder of stem bark (E- and W-side of tree), sea salt and H2O, VO.
H(005) oedema, powder of stem barkin H2O, VO. (patient should not eat sugar, salt or milk during the treatment)
H(068) schistosomiasis, roots (E- and Wside of tree), decoction, VO. and body wash
H(097) swelling of the testis, leaves decoction, steam bath of the testis
H(027y) quicker recovery after childbirth, stem bark (E- and W-side of tree), decoction, steam bath, VO. and body bath.
Region : West Africa
Country : Mali, regions around Siby and Dioila
Vernacular name : n'tabanokò (Bambara)
Combretum glutinosum Perr. ex DC.
Official name : Combretum glutinosum Perr. ex DC.
Family : Combretaceae
Symptoms : H(051)
Recipes : H(051, 2) cerebral malaria, decoction of Biophytum petersianum , Combretum glutinosum (optionally), VO. and body bath.
Region : West Africa
Country : Mali, regions around Siby and Dioila
Vernacular name : not communicated by the authors
Combretum micranthum G. Don
Official name : Combretum micranthum G. Don
Family : Combretaceae
Synonyms : Combretum raimbaultii Heck. , Combretum altum Perr.
Symptoms : H(051)
Recipes : H(051) paludism, decoction of leaves of Combretum molle, leaves from Combretum micranthum and stem bark from Khaya senegalensis
Region : West Africa
Country : Mali, regions around Siby and Dioila
Vernacular name : not communicated by the authors
Combretum molle R. Br.
Official name : Combretum molle R. Br.
Family : Combretaceae
Synonyms : Combretum microlepidotum Engl.
Symptoms : H(018), H(033), H(037), H(051), H(068), H(099), H(104), H(137)
Recipes : H(051, 18) paludism, leaves of Combretum molle, decoction, VO. and/or body bath and/or steam bath
H(051, 2) paludism, decoction of leaves of Combretum molle, leaves from Nauclea latifolia (optionally), VO. and body bath
H(051) paludism, decoction of leaves of Combretum molle, leaves from Securinega virosa, VO. and body bath
H(051) paludism, decoction of leaves of Combretum molle, 4 sliced lemons, VO.
H(051) paludism, decoction of leaves of Combretum molle, leaves from Combretum micranthum and stem bark from Khaya senegalensis
H(051) paludism in childeren; leaves in decoction, VO. and body bath
H(051) paludism in childeren; leaves and stem bark in decoction, VO.
H(051) paludism with chest pain leaves in decoction, VO. and body bath
H(037, 2) chest pain, decoction of leaves, VO. and body bath
H(137) generalized pain, decoction of leaves, steam bath, VO. and body bath
H(018) headache , decoction of leaves, steam bath and body bath
H(104), stomachache, leaves of Combretum molle, powder of root from Securinega virosa, VO.
H(033) impotence, powder of root bark and root + sSea salt, VO.
H(099) madness / aggressive behavior, leaves and roots, decoction, VO. and body bath
H(068) schistosomiasis, root soaked in H2O, VO.
Region : West Africa
Country : Mali, regions around Siby and Dioila
Vernacular name : canianka (Bambara)
Entada africana Guill. & Perr.
Official name : Entada africana Guill. & Perr.
Family : Fabaceae
Synonyms : Entada sudanica Schweinf.
Symptoms : H(109)
Recipes : H(109) backache, decoction of stem bark of Parkia biglobosa, root of Entada africana, VO. and body bath
Region : West Africa
Country : Mali, regions around Siby and Dioila
Vernacular name : not communicated by the authors
Khaya senegalensis (Desv.) A. Juss.
Official name : Khaya senegalensis (Desv.) A. Juss.
Family : Meliaceae
Synonyms : Swietenia senegalensis Desv.
Symptoms : H(051)
Recipes : H(051) paludism, decoction of leaves of Combretum molle, leaves from Combretum micranthum and stem bark from Khaya senegalensis
Region : West Africa
Country : Mali, regions around Siby and Dioila
Vernacular name : not communicated by the authors
Lannea microcarpa Engl. & Krause
Official name : Lannea microcarpa Engl. & Krause
Family : Anacardiaceae
Symptoms : H(104)
Recipes : H(104) gastric ulcer; powder of Loranthus sp. parasitic plants of Parkia biglobosa + root from Lannea microcarpa in H2O, VO.
Region : West Africa
Country : Mali, regions around Siby and Dioila
Vernacular name : not communicated by the authors
Loranthus sp.
Official name : Loranthus sp.
Family : Loranthaceae
Symptoms : H(004), H(051), H(091)
Recipes : H(051) cerebral malaria, powder of Loranthus sp. parasitic plants of Cola cordifolia in H20, VO. and body bath
H(091, 2), weight loss and malnutrition or patient sleeps a lot, decoction, VO. or steam bath and body bath
H(004) old wounds, powder in mud, the wound is washed and the mixture is applied onto the wound.
H(033) female infertility, powder of Loranthus sp. VO.
Region : West Africa
Country : Mali, regions around Siby and Dioila
Vernacular name : not communicated by the authors
Loranthus sp.
Official name : Loranthus sp.
Family : Loranthaceae
Symptoms : H(018), H(033), H(051), H(098)
Recipes : H(018, 3) headache, powde of Loranthus sp.(parasitic plants of Combretum molle), the powder is thrown into the fire before bedtime and the smoke is inhaled
H(051) paludism, decoction, VO. and body bath
H(033) infertility, powder + H2O (optionally) the powder is either thrown iinto the fire and the smoke inhaled or used in body bath
H(098) nightmare, the powder + H20 (optionally) is either thrown into the fire and the smoke inhaled or used in body bath.
Region : West Africa
Country : Mali, regions around Siby and Dioila
Vernacular name : not communicated by the authors
Loranthus sp.
Official name : Loranthus sp.
Family : Loranthaceae
Symptoms : H(051), H(098)
Recipes : H(098) Nightmare / anxiety in children, root powder or the Loranthus sp. Body bath
H(051) night fever, powder of Loranthus sp. in fire, fill room with smoke and inhale smoke.
H(051) night fever, decoctionr of Loranthus sp. VO. and body bath
Region : West Africa
Country : Mali, regions around Siby and Dioila
Vernacular name : not communicated by the authors
Loranthus sp.
Official name : Loranthus sp.
Family : Loranthaceae
Symptoms : H(104)
Recipes : H(104) gastric ulcer; powder of Loranthus sp. parasitic plants of Parkia biglobosa + root from Lannea microcarpa in H2O, VO.
Region : West Africa
Country : Mali, regions around Siby and Dioila
Vernacular name : not communicated by the authors
Nauclea latifolia Sm.
Official name : Nauclea latifolia Sm.
Family : Rubiaceae
Synonyms : Sarcocephalus russeggeri Schweinf. , Sarcocephalus latifolius (Smith) Bruce , Sarcocephalus esculentus Afzel. ex Sabine
Symptoms : H(051)
Recipes : H(051, 2) paludism, leaves of Combretum molle, leaves from Nauclea latifolia (optionally), VO. and body bath
Region : West Africa
Country : Mali, regions around Siby and Dioila
Vernacular name : not communicated by the authors
Opilia celtidifolia (Guill. & Perr.) Endl.
Official name : Opilia celtidifolia (Guill. & Perr.) Endl.
Family : Opiliaceae
Synonyms : Opilia amentacea Roxb.
Symptoms : H(003), H(004), H(005), H(014), H(050), H(051), H(068), H(075), H(091), H(104), H(113), H(126)
Recipes : H(014, 7) dermatitis, leaves of Opilia celtidifolia in decoction, body wash
H(014) dermatitis, decoction roots / leaves / flowers from an unknown plant, VO. and body bath
H(014, 2) dermatitis, leaves powder + oil, the mixture is applied onto the body
H(014, 3) dermatitis with small wounds, leaves decoction body wash and VO.
H(014, 3) dermatitis with small wounds, leaves decoction and powder body wash and VO. and apply the powder to the wounds.
H(050), flatulence, roots powder + H2O , VO.. (Side effect: diarrhoea)
H(050), flatulence, leaves and roots, decoction or powder in food and body wash (Side effect: diarrhoea and vomiting.
H(068) internal worm plant decoction VO.l. (Side effect: overdose => diarrhoea)
H(068) internal worm leaves decoction or powder +milk or bananas, VO.
H(051) paludism, leaves in decoction, VO.
H(003) muscle pain, leaves in decoction, body wash
H(104) stomachache / constipation, roots powder, VO.
H(075) anorexia, leaves decoction, VO. and body wash
H(051) fever, leaves decoction, body wash. Do not drink , side effect: diarrhoea.
H(126) icterus, leaves decoction, VO.
H(005) oedema, leaves decoction or powder in H2O, steam bath and body bath
H(113) rheumatism, leaves decoction. Body wash with a traditional soap before body wash with the decoction.
H(091) tonic, leaves decoction, VO. and body wash
H(004) wound healing, leaves decoction and powder. Body wash and apply the powder to the wounds
Region : West Africa
Country : Mali, regions around Siby and Dioila
Vernacular name : korôgué (Bambara)
Parkia biglobosa ( Jacq.) R.Br. ex G. Don
Official name : Parkia biglobosa ( Jacq.) R.Br. ex G. Don
Family : Fabaceae
Synonyms : Parkia clappertoniana Keay
Symptoms : H(004x), H(006), H(008), H(014), H(018), H(037), H(051), H(091), H(094), H(097), H(100), H(101), H(103), H(103x), H(109), H(113), H(116), H(118), H(126), H(166), H(201)
Recipes : H(103x, 2) gastric ulcer, stem bark of Parkia biglobosa, powder in H2O (optionally), VO.
H(004x) internal wounds, powder of stem bark, VO.
H(109) backache, leaves decoction, steam bath of sore area.
H(109) backache, decoction of stem bark of Parkia biglobosa, root of Entada africana, VO. and body bath
H(037) chest pain (children), leaves decoction, VO. and body bath
H(113) muscle pain, leaves decoction, VO. and massage onto the sore area.
H(014) fungal infection, stem bark (E- and W-side from tree) of Parkia biglobosa, stem bark from Butyrospermum parkii (E- and W-side from both trees) (Optionally), VO. or VO. and wash of anus or VO. and wash of infected area.
H(118, 2) throat infection,leaves decoction + sea salt. Sea salt is placed on the back of the tongue. Steam bath of the mouth
H(126, 2) liver infection, stem bark and root, decoction, VO.l and body bath
H(051) paludism, fruit powder in H2O A paste is made
H(051) paludism, stem bark decoction, VO. and body bath
H(101) polymenorrhea, sap burned, powder, VO.
H(101) polymenorrhea, stem bark (from E- and W-side of tree), decoction white cola nut (Cola nitida) VO.
H(116) amenorrhea, stem bark and old fruits in decoction, VO. and body bath
H(103) caries, stem bark decoction, mouthwash
H(006) chronic constipation, stem bark decoction + 3-4 pieces of lemon (squeezed), VO.
H(037) cough / short of breath after work, stem bark of Parkia biglobosa in powder + stem bark from Butyrospermum parkii + sea salt, H2O, VO.
H(008) dysentery, stem bark decoction + sea salt. VO.
H(018) headache, stem bark in powder which is thrown into fire and smoke inhaled.
H(094) hemorrhoids powder of stem bark in hot water. VO. 1 part and fill en enema with the other part
H(166) hiccups, powder of stem bark, VO.
H(091) malnutrition (children), stem bark in decoction. Body wash
H(201) prevent epidemic (children) , leaves decoction VO and body wash
H(201) prophylaxis against, infection / diseases, stem bark decoction .Body bath
H(201) protection against airborne diseases (children) leaves (from a young tree) decoction. Body bath
H(100) sexual infection, powder of stem bark of Parkia biglobosa + stem bark from Alternanthera repens in H2O and butter (optionally). VO. and genital wash. If itch mix some powder with butter and apply.
H(097) swelling of genitals, powder of sap of Parkia biglobosa burned + butter from Butyrospermum parkii. The mixture is applied to the swollen parts.
Region : West Africa
Country : Mali, regions around Siby and Dioila
Vernacular name : nèrè (Bambara)
Securidaca longipedunculata Fresen.
Official name : Securidaca longipedunculata Fresen.
Family : Polygalaceae
Symptoms : H(026)
Recipes : H(026, 2) dysmenorrhoea, decoction of roots of Ximenia americana, Bridelia ferruginea, Cassia sieberiana, Securidaca longepedunculata and Securinega virosa + Sea salt and rice
Region : West Africa
Country : Mali, regions around Siby and Dioila
Vernacular name : not communicated by the authors
Securinega virosa (Roxb. ex Willd.) Baill.
Official name : Securinega virosa (Roxb. ex Willd.) Baill.
Family : Euphorbiaceae
Symptoms : H(026)
Recipes : H(026, 2) dysmenorrhoea, decoction of roots of Ximenia americana, Bridelia ferruginea, Cassia sieberiana, Securidaca longepedunculata and Securinega virosa + Sea salt and rice
H(104), stomachache, leaves of Combretum molle, powder of root from Securinega virosa, VO.
Region : West Africa
Country : Mali, regions around Siby and Dioila
Vernacular name : not communicated by the authors
Sida sp.
Official name : Sida sp.
Family : Malvaceae
Symptoms : H(051)
Recipes : H(051) cerebral paludism, leaves of Ximenia americana decoction + leaves from Sida sp. VO. and body bath
Region : West Africa
Country : Mali, regions around Siby and Dioila
Vernacular name : not communicated by the authors
Ximenia americana L.
Official name : Ximenia americana L.
Family : Olacaceae
Symptoms : H(001), H(003), H(014), H(051), H(026), H(050), H(068), H(094), H(098), H(099), H(103), H(116), H(118), H(126), H(162x), H(166)
Recipes : H(118, 5) throat infection, leaves of Ximenia americana in decoction + sea salt (optionally) + Chilli-powder (optionally).Sea salt and chilli are placed on the back of the tongue. Steam bath of mouth and VO.
H(051, 2) paludism, powder of root or Root bark , VO.
H(051) cerebral paludism, leaves of Ximenia americana decoction + leaves from Sida sp. VO. and body bath
H(051) cerebral paludism, leaves and stem bark decoction, wash head and VO.
H(051) cerebral paludism, leaves and roots decoction. Steam bath and VO.
H(026, 2) dysmenorrhoea, roots powder of Ximenia americana in H2O + add to drink fruit from Aframomum melegueta + Sea salt.
H(026, 2) dysmenorrhoea, decoction of roots of Ximenia americana, Bridelia ferruginea, Cassia sieberiana, Securidaca longepedunculata and Securinega virosa + Sea salt and rice.
H(099) anxiety / nervousness, leaves decoction. Sea salt , VO.l or sea salt is placed on the back of the tongue. Inhale the steam
H(098) Nightmare / anxiety in children, root powder or the Loranthus spp. Body bath
H(103, 2) caries, leaves decoction, steam bath of mouth and mouth wash.
H(068, 2) schistosomiasis, root powde or root barks rin H2O VO.
H(104) stomachache, root decoction, VO.
H(104) stomachache, root powder in H2O, VO.
H(116, 2) amenorrhoea, root mashed, divided into 2: - sun dry one part decoction, VO. - shadow dry the other part, powder in drink
H(001) eye infection, leaves decoction. Face wash
H(050) flatulence, root bark powder, Sea salt, VO.
H(104) gastric ulcer, root powder, VO.
H(014) genital-itching, root powder of Ximenia americana + fruit from Aframomum melegueta + Sea salt. VO.
H(094) hemorrhoids, root burned, ash in butter 1 part oral and 1 part is mixed with butter and applied on/around rectum.
H(166) hiccups, leaves decoction. Inhalation of steam and VO
H(162x) incontinence, root powder of of Ximenia americana, fruit from Aframomum melegueta + Sea salt.
H(033) female infertility, root decoction, VO.
H(126) liver infection, root powder, VO.
H(003) swelling of head and legs, powder root sun dried,+ Butter from Butyrospermum parkii, mixture is massaged onto the swollen areas. If wounds, cover the wounds with mixture.
Region : West Africa
Country : Mali, regions around Siby and Dioila
Vernacular name : ntonkè (Bambara)