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Reference : HK 51

Author(s) : Kerharo, J. & J.G. Adam
Title : Les plantes médicinales, toxiques et magiques des Niominka et des Socé des Iles du Saloum (Sénégal) Acta tropica, Suppl. 8, 279 - 334 (1964)
Reference HK 51 has information about 132 plants :
Abrus precatorius L.
Official name : Abrus precatorius L.
Family : Fabaceae
Symptoms : H(092)
Recipes : H(092), seeds of Abrus precatorius are toxic , no therapeutic uses revealed to the authors
Region : West Africa
Country : Senegal (Saloun island)
Vernacular name : dahar guiné (Niominka) ; dolimo, n'dolign'hou (Socé)
Acacia albida Del.
Official name : Acacia albida Del.
Family : Fabaceae
Synonyms : Faidherbia albida (Delile) A. Chev.
Symptoms : H(103)
Recipes : H(103) odontalgia, bark of Acacia albida is cut in thin lash who are sucked then chewed and to keep a certain time in the mouth (Niominka de Niodior)
H(201) plant idol against the wizards eaters of souls (Socé)
H(201), during an epidemic the traditional healer prepares drinks which are regularly drunk by people who live in the village Niominka,he also orders on propitiatory ablutions
Region : West Africa
Country : Senegal (Saloun island)
Vernacular name : sass, issas (Niominka) ; baran san, baransan'hou (Socé)
Acacia macrostachya Reichenb. ex DC.
Official name : Acacia macrostachya Reichenb. ex DC.
Family : Fabaceae
Symptoms : H(020), H(092)
Recipes : H(020) snake, leaves of Acacia macrostachya, many leaves are eaten (receipt Socé)
H(092) arrow poison, leaves of Acacia macrostachya, Gardenia triacantha, Asparagus africanus and Clerodendron capitatum are macerated durind 10 days, then evaporated in order to obtain an extract which is glued on the head of the arrow (receipt Socé)
Region : West Africa
Country : Senegal (Saloun island)
Vernacular name : simoko, simokouon, sig'ho-ko (Socé)
Acacia macrostachya Reichenb. ex DC.
Official name : Acacia macrostachya Reichenb. ex DC.
Family : Fabaceae
Symptoms : H(092)
Recipes : H(092) arrow poison, leaves of Acacia macrostachya, Gardenia triacantha, Asparagus africanus et Clerodendron capitatum. The preparation consists in maceration for ten days, followed by evaporation to obtain an extract which is impregnated the arrowhead
Region : West Africa
Country : Senegal (Saloun island)
Vernacular name : not registrated
Acacia sieberiana DC.
Official name : Acacia sieberiana DC.
Family : Fabaceae
Synonyms : Acacia sieberiana DC. var. sieberiana
Symptoms : H(091), H(201), H(104)
Recipes : H(091) + H(201), Acacia sieberiana is essentialy used by marabouts to heal weak people with macerated roots, VO. (receipt Niominka)
H(104) weak stomach ache, Zizyphus mauritiana, Entada africana and Acacia sieberiana are essentialy used by marabouts to heal people with a decoction of fruits (receipt Socé)
Region : West Africa
Country : Senegal (Saloun island)
Vernacular name : issoule, soule (Niominka)
Adansonia digitata L.
Official name : Adansonia digitata L.
Family : Bombacaceae
Synonyms : Adansonia sphaerocarpa A.Chev.
Symptoms : H(007), H(091), H(104)
Recipes : H(007) diuretic, H(091) fortifying, maceration of pounded leaves of Adansonia digitata (receipt Socé)
H(104) child enteralgia, fruit of Adansonia digitata , RNS.. (receipts Niominka and Socé)
Region : West Africa
Country : Senegal (Saloun island)
Vernacular name : ibak, bak (Niominka) ; sito (Socé)
Afrormosia laxiflora (Benth.) Harms
Official name : Afrormosia laxiflora (Benth.) Harms
Family : Fabaceae
Synonyms : Pericopsis laxiflora (Benth.) Meeuwen , Ormosia laxiflora Benth.
Symptoms : H(020), H(020x), H(104), H(113)
Recipes : H(104) stomach ache, powder of dried bark of Afrormosia laxiflora, diluted in H20, VO. (receipt Socé)
H(020) snake, H(020x) dogs etc. powder of dried bark of Afrormosia laxiflora, diluted in H20, VO + a cataplasm of crumpled leaves in H2O.
H(113) arthritis, joint pain, decoction of leaves of Afrormosia laxiflora, VO..(receipt Socé)
Region : West Africa
Country : Senegal (Saloun island)
Vernacular name : koulou kou lo, koulikouli (Socé)
Alchornea cordifolia (Schum. & Thonn.) Müll. Arg.
Official name : Alchornea cordifolia (Schum. & Thonn.) Müll. Arg.
Family : Euphorbiaceae
Synonyms : Alchornea cordata Benth.
Symptoms : H(015z), H(037), H(091)
Recipes : H(037) cough, hoarseness, young stems of Alchornea cordifolia, without leaves and bark, VO.
H(037) + H(015z) cough with blood, maceration of leaves, VO..
H(091) restorative, fortifying, decoction of leaves, VO. + bath during 1 week .(receipts Socé)
Region : West Africa
Country : Senegal (Saloun island)
Vernacular name : ira (Socé)
Allophylus africanus P. Beauv.
Official name : Allophylus africanus P. Beauv.
Family : Sapindaceae
Symptoms : H(001), H(201)
Recipes : H(001) conjunctivitis, maceration of leaves, wash the eyes or drops in eyes of the leaves juice of Allophylus africanus africanus
H(201) magic plant again bad spell, two pieces of wood are placed on the way of the sorcerer
Region : West Africa
Country : Senegal (Saloun island)
Vernacular name : gon niô, konkon maoulon, gôni-ho (Socé)
Anacardium occidentale L.
Official name : Anacardium occidentale L.
Family : Anacardiaceae
Symptoms : H(008), H(091), H(104)
Recipes : H(008) diarrhoea, H(104) stomachaches, leaves and barks of Anacardium occidentale, alone or mixed, macerated or decoction, VO. (receipts Niominka and Socé)
H(091), boiled juice of peduncles of Anacardium occidentales then evaporated in order to obtain a sirup mixed with the roots, barks and leaves of Securinega virosa
Region : West Africa
Country : Senegal (Saloun island)
Vernacular name : darkassou, darcassou (n, s)
Andira inermis D.C.
Official name : Andira inermis D.C.
Family : Papilionaceae
Symptoms : H(068), H(091)
Recipes : H(068), barks of Andira inermis are poisonous so they are used only as vermifuge and anthelmintic under strict control.
H(091) fatigue and stiffness in the back and limbs, external use only, decoction of barks and twigs with leaves, bath (receipts Socé)
Region : West Africa
Country : Senegal (Saloun island)
Vernacular name : kéringdouto, kéreigndouto, kérène douto (Socé)
Annona senegalensis Pers.
Official name : Annona senegalensis Pers.
Family : Annonaceae
Synonyms : Annona arenaria Thonn. , Annona chrysophylla Bojer
Symptoms : H(008), H(104)
Recipes : H(008) diarrhoea, powder of dried leaves and stems barks of Annona senegalensis, VO.
H(104) stomach ache, roots decoctions en boisson pour les abdominal pains avec constipation and anurie (receipts Socé)
Region : West Africa
Country : Senegal (Saloun island)
Vernacular name : sounkou, sounkoumo, sougnekou-hou, soukoum (Socé)
Anogeissus leiocarpa (DC.) Guill. & Perr.
Official name : Anogeissus leiocarpa (DC.) Guill. & Perr.
Family : Combretaceae
Synonyms : Anogeissus schimperi Hochst. ex Hutch. & Dalziel
Symptoms : H(091), H(139)
Recipes : H(091) stimulant, H(139) aphrodisiac barks decoction of roots of Anogeissus leiocarpa, VO. (receipt Socé:)
Region : West Africa
Country : Senegal (Saloun island)
Vernacular name : kérékéto (Socé)
Aphania senegalensis (Juss. ex Poir.) Radlk.
Official name : Aphania senegalensis (Juss. ex Poir.) Radlk.
Family : Sapindaceae
Symptoms : H(037), H(095)
Recipes : H(037) bronchitis and bronchopneumonia, decoction of the bark of the trunk of leafy branches of Aphania senegalensis
H(095) pulp of the cherry is excellent
Region : West Africa
Country : Senegal (Saloun island)
Vernacular name : iboudj, boudj, boutj (Niominka)
Aphania senegalensis (Juss. ex Poir.) Radlk.
Official name : Aphania senegalensis (Juss. ex Poir.) Radlk.
Family : Sapindaceae
Symptoms : V(092)
Recipes : Vo(092) toxic seeds, cherry of Aphania senegalensis are toxic for sheep (indicated on several occasions by Niominka)
Region : West Africa
Country : Senegal (Saloun island)
Vernacular name : iboudj, boudj, boutj (Niominka)
Aristida stipoides Lam.
Official name : Aristida stipoides Lam.
Family : Poaceae
Symptoms : H(068)
Recipes : H(068) vermifuge, gall along the stems of Aristida stipoides which is absorbed when still green, is considered as good vermifuge by Niominka.
Region : West Africa
Country : Senegal (Saloun island)
Vernacular name : makir, makirhe (Niominka)
Asparagus africanus Lam.
Official name : Asparagus africanus Lam.
Family : Asparagaceae
Symptoms : H(092)
Recipes : H(000), H(201),drug of last resort, for disease undiagnosed and rebels to all other therapies. It Then gives the maceration or decoction of roots of Gardenia triacantha in drink as the patient remains alive. (Recipe Socé)
H(092) arrow poison, leaves of Acacia macrostachya, Gardenia triacantha, Asparagus africanus et Clerodendron capitatum. The preparation consists in maceration for ten days, followed by evaporation to obtain an extract which is impregnated the arrowhead
Region : West Africa
Country : Senegal (Saloun island)
Vernacular name : not registrated
Asparagus africanus Lam.
Official name : Asparagus africanus Lam.
Family : Asparagaceae
Symptoms : H(092), H(100)
Recipes : H(092) arrow poison, leaves of Acacia macrostachya, Gardenia triacantha, Asparagus africanus and Clerodendron capitatum are macerated durind 10 days, then evaporated in order to obtain an extract which is glued on the head of the arrow (receipt Socé)
H(100) blennorrage, syphilis, roots of Asparagus africanus macerated, VO., (receipt Socé)
Region : West Africa
Country : Senegal (Saloun island)
Vernacular name : narala, naralaon (Socé)
Asparagus asparagoides (L.) Druce
Official name : Asparagus asparagoides (L.) Druce
Family : Asparagaceae
Symptoms : H(092)
Recipes : H(000), H(201),drug of last resort, for disease undiagnosed and rebels to all other therapies. It Then gives the maceration or decoction of roots of Gardenia triacantha in drink as the patient remains alive. (Recipe Socé)
H(092) arrow poison, leaves of Acacia macrostachya, Gardenia triacantha, Asparagus africanus et Clerodendron capitatum. The preparation consists in maceration for ten days, followed by evaporation to obtain an extract which is impregnated the arrowhead
Region : West Africa
Country : Senegal (Saloun island)
Vernacular name : not registrated
Avicennia africana P. Beauv.
Official name : Avicennia africana P. Beauv.
Family : Avicenniaceae
Synonyms : Avicennia germinans (L. ) L.
Symptoms : H(022), H(030), H(104)
Recipes : H(022, f) good delivery, H(030, f), retained placenta decoction of barks and stems with leaves of Avicennia africana, VO. or VO. + bath
H(104) abdominal pain, roots decoction, VO.
Region : West Africa
Country : Senegal (Saloun island)
Vernacular name : m'bouhane, bourhane, ibouhande, m'bourhane (Niominka) ; diouloukoumon (Socé)
Blumea aurita var. foliolosa (DC.) C.D.Adams
Official name : Blumea aurita var. foliolosa (DC.) C.D.Adams
Family : Asteraceae
Symptoms : H(004), H(013)
Recipes : H(004) wounds,H(013) chronic ulcers, leaves of Blumea aurita pounded and applied as poultices. Blumea aurita is the medicament for external use of Socé, implemented ultimately
Region : West Africa
Country : Senegal (Saloun island)
Vernacular name : loubougnon, frans sabou konaon, francesamboukouna'hou (s
Boscia angustifolia A. Rich.
Official name : Boscia angustifolia A. Rich.
Family : Capparaceae
Symptoms : H(102)
Recipes : H(102), leaves of Boscia angustifolia auraient des propriétés cholagogues, (RNS) (receipt Niominka)
Region : West Africa
Country : Senegal (Saloun island)
Vernacular name : issouss, souss, diamba diamban (Niominka)
Bridelia micrantha (Hochst.) Baillon
Official name : Bridelia micrantha (Hochst.) Baillon
Family : Phyllanthaceae
Symptoms : H(104)
Recipes : H(104) enteralgia, roots, barks, leaves of Bridelia micrantha, RNS. (receipt Socé)
Region : West Africa
Country : Senegal (Saloun island)
Vernacular name : bissako (Socé) ; bissago (mandingue)
Caesalpinia bonduc (L.) Roxb.
Official name : Caesalpinia bonduc (L.) Roxb.
Family : Fabaceae
Symptoms : H(139)
Recipes : H(139) Caesalpinia bonduc is the only species of Niominka with aphrodisiac properties. The desired effect would occur rapidly, within two hours following the absorption of a root sugared decoction . There would secondarily diuretic action.
Region : West Africa
Country : Senegal (Saloun island)
Vernacular name : iborri (Niominka)
Calotropis procera (Aiton) W.T.Aiton
Official name : Calotropis procera (Aiton) W.T.Aiton
Family : Apocynaceae
Synonyms : Asclepias procera Aiton
Symptoms : H(004), H(020x)
Recipes : H(004), wounds, cuts, H(020x) bites of animals, latex of Calotropis procera, local application (receipts Socé)
H(201) protector fetish by hanging branches aboce the doors (Niominka)
Region : West Africa
Country : Senegal (Saloun island)
Vernacular name : imboudafôte, bodafot (Niominka) ; dim pan paon (Socé)
Capparis tomentosa Lam.
Official name : Capparis tomentosa Lam.
Family : Capparaceae
Synonyms : Capparis polymorpha Guill. & Pers. , Capparis persicifolia A.Rich.
Symptoms : H(020)
Recipes : H(020) snake bite, decoction of roots of Capparis polymorpha and frictions on the open wound
Region : West Africa
Country : Senegal (Saloun island)
Vernacular name : ingoufor, igoufor, goufor (Niominka)
Carica papaya L.
Official name : Carica papaya L.
Family : Caricaceae
Symptoms : H(004), H(016), H(018), H(051)
Recipes : H(004) latex of Carica papaya on wounds as haemostatic
H(016), H(051) young girls with fever and stiffness in the back and limbs with breast pain,, they are put on a bed of leaves
H(018) cephalalgy, a beld of leaves dried above a fire is put on the head during 1 day
Region : West Africa
Country : Senegal (Saloun island)
Vernacular name : impapakèye (Niominka)
Cassia occidentalis L.
Official name : Cassia occidentalis L.
Family : Fabaceae
Synonyms : Senna occidentalis (L.) Link
Symptoms : H(013), H(095), H(104), H(115)
Recipes : H(013) pounded leaves of Cassia occidentalis are put ons abcess.
H(095) decoction of grilled seeds of Cassia occidentalis as coffee.
H(104), H(115), roots as enteralgia, RNS and leaves again neuralgia, RNS.
Region : West Africa
Country : Senegal (Saloun island)
Vernacular name : bentamaré (wolof), bégné fégné (Niominka) ; kassala (Socé)
Cassia sieberiana DC.
Official name : Cassia sieberiana DC.
Family : Fabaceae
Synonyms : Cassia kotschyana Oliv.
Symptoms : H(006), H(068)
Recipes : H(006) purgative, H(068) vermifuge, roots decoction of Cassia sieberiana, VO. (receipt Socé)
Region : West Africa
Country : Senegal (Saloun island)
Vernacular name : sindian (Socé)
Cassytha filiformis L.
Official name : Cassytha filiformis L.
Family : Lauraceae
Synonyms : Cassytha guineensis Schum. & Thonn.
Symptoms : H(111)
Recipes : H(111) burn (3th degree), decoction of the whole plant of Cassytha filiformis, VO. + bath (receipt Niominka) + incantations.
Region : West Africa
Country : Senegal (Saloun island)
Vernacular name : samédiallo (Socé)
Ceiba pentandra (L.) Gaertn.
Official name : Ceiba pentandra (L.) Gaertn.
Family : Bombacaceae
Symptoms : H(103)
Recipes : H(103) odontalgia, boiled barks of Ceiba pentandra, steam bath in open mouth
Region : West Africa
Country : Senegal (Saloun island)
Vernacular name : bouday, boudèye (Niominka) ; bentanon (Socé)
Chrozophora senegalensis (Lam.) A.Juss. ex Spreng.
Official name : Chrozophora senegalensis (Lam.) A.Juss. ex Spreng.
Family : Euphorbiaceae
Symptoms : H(008)
Recipes : H(008) green diarrhea in infants in the form of decoction of roots of Chrozophora senegalensis, VO. (Socé receipt)
Region : West Africa
Country : Senegal (Saloun island)
Vernacular name : m'belo (Socé)
Chrysobalanus orbicularis Schumach.
Official name : Chrysobalanus orbicularis Schumach.
Family : Chrysobalanaceae
Symptoms : H(006)
Recipes : H(006) Chrysobalanus orbicularis fruits are used as a laxative by Niominka.
Region : West Africa
Country : Senegal (Saloun island)
Vernacular name : ibanara (Niominka)
Cissampelos mucronata A. Rich.
Official name : Cissampelos mucronata A. Rich.
Family : Menispermaceae
Symptoms : H(004), H(100), H(104)
Recipes : H(004), leaves of Cissampelos mucronata, cataplasmes on the legs wounds (receipt Niominka)
H(100) blennorrage, roots of Cissampelos mucronata, Waltheria indica and Leptadenia hastata, RNS. (receipt Socé)
H(104) child stomach ache, maceration of roots and decoction for adults. Fast action and sometimes violent (receipt Socé)
Region : West Africa
Country : Senegal (Saloun island)
Vernacular name : m'bourtougne (Niominka) ; oulondène toülo (Socé)
Cissus populnea Guill. & Perr.
Official name : Cissus populnea Guill. & Perr.
Family : Vitaceae
Symptoms : H(013)
Recipes : H(013) legs ulcerus, powder of roots barks of Cissus populnea, local application (receipt Socé)
Region : West Africa
Country : Senegal (Saloun island)
Vernacular name : boumbaon (Socé)
Citrus aurantiifolia (Christm.) Swingle
Official name : Citrus aurantiifolia (Christm.) Swingle
Family : Rutaceae
Symptoms : H(209)
Recipes : H(209), juice of Citrus aurantiifolia enter in different preparation.(receipts Nominka),
Region : West Africa
Country : Senegal (Saloun island)
Vernacular name : limon (Niominka)
Clerodendrum capitatum (Willd.) Schumach.
Official name : Clerodendrum capitatum (Willd.) Schumach.
Family : Labiatae
Symptoms : H(092)
Recipes : H(092) arrow poison (in Socé) leaves of Acacia macrostachya , Gardenia triacantha, Asparagus africanus et Clerodendron capitatum.maceration of ten days, followed by evaporation to obtain a sample which is impregnated arrowhead.
Region : West Africa
Country : Senegal (Saloun island)
Vernacular name : kounakalo (Socé)
Combretum aculeatum Vent.
Official name : Combretum aculeatum Vent.
Family : Combretaceae
Symptoms : H(100)
Recipes : H(100) blennorrage, roots decoction of Combre/um aculealum, RNS. (receipt Socé)
Region : West Africa
Country : Senegal (Saloun island)
Vernacular name : kounou ndin dolo (Socé)
Combretum glutinosum Perr. ex DC.
Official name : Combretum glutinosum Perr. ex DC.
Family : Combretaceae
Symptoms : H(037), H(104)
Recipes : H(037) roots infusion + sugar, or maceration of leaves of Combretum glutinosums, VO. (receipts Socé and Nominka)
H(104) stomach ache roots decoction of Combretum glutinosums + salt, VO.
Region : West Africa
Country : Senegal (Saloun island)
Vernacular name : yaye (Niominka) ; diombakataon; diambakatan (Socé)
Cordyla pinnata (Lepr. ex A. Rich.) Milne-Redh.
Official name : Cordyla pinnata (Lepr. ex A. Rich.) Milne-Redh.
Family : Fabaceae
Symptoms : H(008), H(013), H(068), H(104)
Recipes : H(008) diarrhoea, roots maceration of Cordyla pinnata, RNS.
H(068) vermifuge, barks maceration, RNS.
H(104) stomach ache, enteralgia, bark decoction of barks, RNS.
H(013) abcès, pounded leaves of Cordyla pinnata lmocal application (receipt Niominka)
Region : West Africa
Country : Senegal (Saloun island)
Vernacular name : inhart (Niominka) ; doutô (Socé)
Crateva religiosa auct.
Official name : Crateva religiosa auct.
Family : Capparaceae
Symptoms : H(001), H(051x), H(126)
Recipes : H(001) Crateua religiosa is the drug of choice of the Niominka for night blindnes and all the disorders due to poor eyesight, the leaves are boiled in water and the face of the patient is subjected to fumigations..
H(051x), H(126) we practice the same to treat jaundice and yellow fever
Region : West Africa
Country : Senegal (Saloun island)
Vernacular name : ingorole, n'goror, n'gorol (Niominka)
Crinum sanderianum Baker
Official name : Crinum sanderianum Baker
Family : Amaryllidaceae
Symptoms : H(004), H(014)
Recipes : H(004) woundsH(014) dermatitis, ulcers, Socé recognize the toxicity of bulb per os but use the scales for skin diseases, wounds, ulcers who have been rebellious to treatment.. The cool scales are then applied to the injured part of the body and renewed, when dry, until recovery.
Region : West Africa
Country : Senegal (Saloun island)
Vernacular name : i1ar (Niominka) ; baa (Socé)
Crossopteryx febrifuga (Afz. ex G. Don) Benth.
Official name : Crossopteryx febrifuga (Afz. ex G. Don) Benth.
Family : Rubiaceae
Synonyms : Rondeletia africana T. Winterb.
Symptoms : H(037)
Recipes : H(037) chest pain, barks and leaves decoction of Crossopteryx febrifuga , VO.
Region : West Africa
Country : Senegal (Saloun island)
Vernacular name : korom kondome (Socé)
Crotalaria retusa L.
Official name : Crotalaria retusa L.
Family : Fabaceae
Symptoms : H(006)
Recipes : H(006) seeds of Crotalaria retusa are used by Niominka as purgative, decoction
Region : West Africa
Country : Senegal (Saloun island)
Vernacular name : tiagakob (= Arachide de brousse), n'dir (Niominka)
Cymbopogon giganteus Chiov.
Official name : Cymbopogon giganteus Chiov.
Family : Poaceae
Symptoms : H(027x), H(051), H(104), H(113), H(201)
Recipes : H(027x) femals who have aborted, ONS., decoction en boisson, decoction for femal toilet and for bath .(receipts les Niominka)
H(051), ONS., child with fever, decoction, VO. (receipts les Niominka)
H(104) stomach ache, ONS., decoction, VO.
H(113) ONS., joint pain. fumigations
H(201) for the Socé it is a fetish for ill people. The plant hang in the house
Region : West Africa
Country : Senegal (Saloun island)
Vernacular name : iniak (Niominka) ; beignfalo, wakassala (Socé)
Dalbergia ecastaphyllum (L.) Taub.
Official name : Dalbergia ecastaphyllum (L.) Taub.
Family : Fabaceae
Symptoms : H(091), H(139)
Recipes : H(091) anemia, H(139) asthenia, externally as an adjunct treatment in the form of fumigation and baths prepared with the decoction of leaves of Dalbergia ecastaphyllum
Region : West Africa
Country : Senegal (Saloun island)
Vernacular name : ibaki, baki (Niominka) ; gakino (Socé)
Daniellia oliveri (Rolfe) Hutch. & Dalziel
Official name : Daniellia oliveri (Rolfe) Hutch. & Dalziel
Family : Fabaceae
Synonyms : Paradaniellia oliveri Rolfe
Symptoms : H(004), H(013), H(018)
Recipes : H(004) wounds,H(013) ulcerus, great stipules of Daniellia oliveri of 10 to 15 cm long, local applications sur les plaies and ulcères
H(018) cephalalgy, the trunk resin is burned, fumigations. ( receipt Socé)
Region : West Africa
Country : Senegal (Saloun island)
Vernacular name : santan (Socé)
Datura metel L.
Official name : Datura metel L.
Family : Solanaceae
Synonyms : Datura alba Nees , Datura fastuosa L.
Symptoms : H(005), H(018), H(051)
Recipes : H(005) oedema, fresh leaves powder of Datura metel + salt, local application (Dinouarregion)
H(018) cephalalgy, unctions on the head and the fore head with a paste of barks and leaves (Bétanti region )
H(051) child with fever are put on a bed of leaves and massage with leaves (Bassar region)
Region : West Africa
Country : Senegal (Saloun island)
Vernacular name : indohkar, n'doharebin (Niominka) ; koubédiaro (Socé)
Detarium microcarpum Guill. & Perr.
Official name : Detarium microcarpum Guill. & Perr.
Family : Fabaceae
Symptoms : H(100)
Recipes : H(100) syphilis, roots decoction of Detarium microcarpum, VO. (receipt Socé)
Region : West Africa
Country : Senegal (Saloun island)
Vernacular name : wonko, ouonko (Socé)
Detarium senegalense J.F.Gmel.
Official name : Detarium senegalense J.F.Gmel.
Family : Fabaceae
Symptoms : H(001), H(006), H(054)
Recipes : H(001) conjonctivitis, leaves maceration of Detarium senegalense, eyes bath (à Niodior)
H(006) constipation , leaves decoction of Detarium senegalense , VO. (à Niodior)
H(054) magic cure of the trypanosomiasis, maceration of the trunk barks of Detarium senegalense + the whole plant of Leptadenia hastata, half of the preparation VO. 3 X / day, to wash the patient with the rest of the preparation + massage with the residues.( in Bétanti)
Region : West Africa
Country : Senegal (Saloun island)
Vernacular name : inedoreye, n'dorèye, dorèye, indohoye, dohogne (Niominka); tali, talo (Socé) (edible variety); tali kounaon, talo kounan, talém'baro (Socé) (toxic variety)
Dichrostachys glomerata (Forssk.) Chiov.
Official name : Dichrostachys glomerata (Forssk.) Chiov.
Family : Fabaceae
Symptoms : H(013), H(100), H(103), H(113)
Recipes : H(013) big boils, poultice of pounded leaves of Dichrostachys glomerata + salt in local application during 1 hour
H(100) blennorage, decoction of leaves
H(103) tooth aches, small pellets from barks on gingivitis , to rinc the mouth
H(113) joint pain, massage witht pounded leaves, salt and, petroleum
Region : West Africa
Country : Senegal (Saloun island)
Vernacular name : guissouss, n'dafar, issous (Niominka) ; kourourou, kourlon (Socé)
Elaeis guineensis Jacq.
Official name : Elaeis guineensis Jacq.
Family : Palmae
Symptoms : H(104)
Recipes : H(104) enteralgia, roots of Elaeis guineensis, RNS.
Region : West Africa
Country : Senegal (Saloun island)
Vernacular name : ingleigne (Niominka) ; tin-on (Socé)
Entada africana Guill. & Perr.
Official name : Entada africana Guill. & Perr.
Family : Fabaceae
Synonyms : Entada sudanica Schweinf.
Symptoms : H(104), H(201)
Recipes : H(104) weak stomach ache, Zizyphus mauritiana, Entada africana and Acacia sieberiana are essentialy used by marabouts to heal people with a decoction of fruits (receipt Socé)
H(201) Entada ajricana is a sacred tree used only by important marabouts .(receipt Niominka)
Region : West Africa
Country : Senegal (Saloun island)
Vernacular name : imbatiar (Niominka)
Eragrostis ciliaris (L.) R.Br.
Official name : Eragrostis ciliaris (L.) R.Br.
Family : Poaceae
Symptoms : H(013), H(201)
Recipes : H(013) boils, the ashes of the whole plant Eragrostis ciliaris applied on big boils would own to ripen quickly
H(201) Eragrostis ciliaris is for Socé an excellent fetish for a long life. From a certain age, it is good to have a small sample hung above the bed
Region : West Africa
Country : Senegal (Saloun island)
Vernacular name : ida napen (Niominka)
Eragrostis sp.
Official name : Eragrostis sp.
Family : Poaceae
Symptoms : H(092)
Recipes : H(092) Niominka fear the seeds of this Eragrostis which on contact with the skin (when, for example, moves in the bush), causes erythema accompanied by severe itching.
Region : West Africa
Country : Senegal (Saloun island)
Vernacular name : ida napen (Niominka)
Erythrina senegalensis A. DC.
Official name : Erythrina senegalensis A. DC.
Family : Fabaceae
Symptoms : H(005), H(027), H(104)
Recipes : H(005) generalized oedema œdèmes, powder roots of Erythrina senegalensis, RNS.
H(027) again abortion, maceration of bark of roots, VO.. (receipts Niominka)
H(104) stomach ache, powder roots, RNS.
Region : West Africa
Country : Senegal (Saloun island)
Vernacular name : idiende, indédié, n'dédié, dédié (Niominka)
Fagara zanthoxyloides Lam.
Official name : Fagara zanthoxyloides Lam.
Family : Rutaceae
Synonyms : Zanthoxylum zanthoxyloides (Lam.) Zepernick & Timler
Symptoms : H(068)
Recipes : H(068), roots and barks decoction of Fagara zanthoxyloides, VO. In the morning on an empty stomach
Region : West Africa
Country : Senegal (Saloun island)
Vernacular name : ignok (Niominka) ; samatigno (Socé)
Ficus capensis Thunb.
Official name : Ficus capensis Thunb.
Family : Moraceae
Synonyms : Ficus sur Forssk.
Symptoms : H(022), H(033), H(051), H(091)
Recipes : H(022) after delivery, H(033) femal sterility, fruit decoction of Ficus capensis, VO.
H(051) child fever , H(091) rachitism, new born, barks decoction, bath .
Region : West Africa
Country : Senegal (Saloun island)
Vernacular name : idoun babout (Niominka) ; sôtô (Socé)
Ficus scott-elliotii Mildbr. & Burret
Official name : Ficus scott-elliotii Mildbr. & Burret
Family : Moraceae
Symptoms : H(091)
Recipes : H(091) used by Niominka only as anti-fatigue or tonic in bathroom and drinks (decoction of leafy twigs).
Region : West Africa
Country : Senegal (Saloun island)
Vernacular name : indiass diéri (Niominka) ; irfa soto (Socé)
Gardenia triacantha DC.
Official name : Gardenia triacantha DC.
Family : Rubiaceae
Symptoms : H(000), H(092), H(201)
Recipes : H(000), H(201),drug of last resort, for disease undiagnosed and rebels to all other therapies. It Then gives the maceration or decoction of roots of Gardenia triacantha in drink as the patient remains alive. (Recipe Socé)
H(092) arrow poison, leaves of Acacia macrostachya, Gardenia triacantha, Asparagus africanus et Clerodendron capitatum. The preparation consists in maceration for ten days, followed by evaporation to obtain an extract which is impregnated the arrowhead
Region : West Africa
Country : Senegal (Saloun island)
Vernacular name : tankaon (Socé)
Gossypium herbaceum L.
Official name : Gossypium herbaceum L.
Family : Malvaceae
Synonyms : Gossypium arboreum auct.
Symptoms : H(091)
Recipes : H(091) rachitism new born, roots maceration of Gossypium herbaceum, VO. (receip Socé)
Region : West Africa
Country : Senegal (Saloun island)
Vernacular name : kotome dô (Socé)
Guiera senegalensis J.F. Gmel.
Official name : Guiera senegalensis J.F. Gmel.
Family : Combretaceae
Symptoms : H(037)
Recipes : H(037) cough, crunch little leaves of stems of Guiera senegalensis
H(037) l bronchitis and pneumonia , roots decoctions, VO.
Region : West Africa
Country : Senegal (Saloun island)
Vernacular name : kankanaon (Socé)
Heeria insignis (Delile) Kuntze
Official name : Heeria insignis (Delile) Kuntze
Family : Anacardiaceae
Synonyms : Ozoroa insignis Del.
Symptoms : H(001), H(102), H(104)
Recipes : H(001) lactogenic, H(008) dysentery, maceration of pounded leave of Heeria insignis, RNS
H(102) cholagogue, H(104) abdominal pain, barks maceration, RNS (light laxative effect).(receipts Socé)
Region : West Africa
Country : Senegal (Saloun island)
Vernacular name : kalakoto, kalakato, kalakaton (Socé)
Hibiscus sabdariffa L.
Official name : Hibiscus sabdariffa L.
Family : Malvaceae
Symptoms : H(007), H(102), H(125)
Recipes : H(007) diuretic, H(102) cholagogue, H(125) diaphoretic, tea of Hibiscus sabdariffa (good results)
Region : West Africa
Country : Senegal (Saloun island)
Vernacular name : bassap (Niominka) ; lomoda (Socé)
Hygrophila auriculata (Schumach.) Heine
Official name : Hygrophila auriculata (Schumach.) Heine
Family : Acanthaceae
Symptoms : H(007), H(020)
Recipes : H(007) diuretic, H(100) blennorrage, whole plant of Hygrophila auriculata , RNS, (receipts Niominka Socé).
H(020) sting of a venomous skate, decoction ONS, RNS
Region : West Africa
Country : Senegal (Saloun island)
Vernacular name : orokarok, rokarot (Niominka) ; kossitambo, kostambo (Socé)
Hygrophila senegalensis (Nees) T.Anderson
Official name : Hygrophila senegalensis (Nees) T.Anderson
Family : Acanthaceae
Symptoms : H(001)
Recipes : H(001) The Socé recommend to sink in the eye a few drops of the juice of pounded seeds. of Hygrophila senegalensis for all eye diseases
Region : West Africa
Country : Senegal (Saloun island)
Vernacular name : boubène (Socé)
Hymenocardia acida Tul.
Official name : Hymenocardia acida Tul.
Family : Euphorbiaceae
Symptoms : H(037)
Recipes : H(037) cough, tuberculosis, barks decoction and de stems with leaves of Hymenocardia acida, VO. 3 X / day during 2 months
Region : West Africa
Country : Senegal (Saloun island)
Vernacular name : kounkou toumandion (Socé)
Hyptis spicigera Lam.
Official name : Hyptis spicigera Lam.
Family : Lamiaceae
Symptoms : H(091)
Recipes : H(091) restorative, stimulant, tonic, tea with the fruit and the whole plant of Hyptis spicigera (receipt Socé)
Region : West Africa
Country : Senegal (Saloun island)
Vernacular name : bénédion (Socé)
Hyptis suaveolens Poit.
Official name : Hyptis suaveolens Poit.
Family : Lamiaceae
Symptoms : H(091)
Recipes : H(091) restorative, stimulant, tonic, tea with the fruit and the whole plant of Hyptis suaveolens (receipt Socé)
Region : West Africa
Country : Senegal (Saloun island)
Vernacular name : douté (Niominka)
Icacina senegalensis Juss.
Official name : Icacina senegalensis Juss.
Family : Icacinaceae
Symptoms : H(091)
Recipes : H(091) used by Socé for rickets newborns, baths and friction with the macerated roots Icacina senegalensis and by adults for diseases undiagnosed causing great general weakness (decoction of root and twig drink).
Region : West Africa
Country : Senegal (Saloun island)
Vernacular name : manganasso (Socé)
Imperata cylindrica (L.) Raeusch.
Official name : Imperata cylindrica (L.) Raeusch.
Family : Poaceae
Synonyms : Imperata cylindrica var. africana (Andersson) C.E. Hubb.
Symptoms : H(007), H(008)
Recipes : H(007) diuretic, H(008) antidysenteric, rhizomes of Imperata cylindrica, RNS.(receipt Socé)
Region : West Africa
Country : Senegal (Saloun island)
Vernacular name : idiole (Niominka) ; solimon (Socé)
Ipomoea palmata Forssk.
Official name : Ipomoea palmata Forssk.
Family : Convolvulaceae
Symptoms : H(001)
Recipes : H(001) various eye diseases The whole plant of Ipomoea palmata well connected in one package, is first boiled in water; and then withdraws, and still hot, it is used as a sponge to wash the eyes
Region : West Africa
Country : Senegal (Saloun island)
Vernacular name : n'bcurbope (Niominka)
Ipomoea repens Lam.
Official name : Ipomoea repens Lam.
Family : Convolvulaceae
Synonyms : Ipomoea asarifolia (Desr.) Roem. & Schult.
Symptoms : H(001), H(018), H(113), H(115)
Recipes : H(001) ophtalmia, H(018) cephalalgy, H(113) joint pain, H(115) neuralgia, leaves of Ipomoea repens, external use, RNS. (receipt Niominka)
Region : West Africa
Country : Senegal (Saloun island)
Vernacular name : efourtout, fourtout, opourtout (Niominka) ; barakora (Socé)
Jatropha curcas L.
Official name : Jatropha curcas L.
Family : Euphorbiaceae
Symptoms : H(100), H(104), H(173)
Recipes : H(100) syphilis, H(173) leprosy, seeds one by one as stong purgative, administred by specialized healers
H(104) abdominal pains, sugared decoction of leaves of Jatropha curcas with great precaution
Region : West Africa
Country : Senegal (Saloun island)
Vernacular name : tabanani (Niominka) ; tabanano (Socé)
Kaempferia aethiopica (Schweinf.) Benth.
Official name : Kaempferia aethiopica (Schweinf.) Benth.
Family : Zingiberaceae
Symptoms : H(068), H(104)
Recipes : H(068) parasites, H(068) anal schistosomiasis, H(104) intestinal and abdominal pain, H(104) colitis, all diseases of importance according to the Africans have their seat in the belly, the reatment is to give the drink of macerated roots of Kaempferia aethiopica that proof of its action, causes of diarrheal events
Region : West Africa
Country : Senegal (Saloun island)
Vernacular name : bellem koufo (Socé)
Khaya senegalensis (Desv.) A. Juss.
Official name : Khaya senegalensis (Desv.) A. Juss.
Family : Meliaceae
Synonyms : Swietenia senegalensis Desv.
Symptoms : H(104)
Recipes : H(104) stomach ache, decoction of bark of Khaya senegalensis, VO. (only for male) (receipt Socé)
Region : West Africa
Country : Senegal (Saloun island)
Vernacular name : dialo (Socé)
Lannea acida A. Rich.
Official name : Lannea acida A. Rich.
Family : Anacardiaceae
Synonyms : Odina acida (A. Rich.) Oliv.
Symptoms : H(006), H(103)
Recipes : H(006) purgative, barks of Lannea acidac, RNS. (receipt Socé)
H(103) odontalgia, leaves of Lannea acida, RNS.
Region : West Africa
Country : Senegal (Saloun island)
Vernacular name : bembô (Socé)
Leonotis nepetifolia var. africana (P.Beauv.) J.K.Morton
Official name : Leonotis nepetifolia var. africana (P.Beauv.) J.K.Morton
Family : Lamiaceae
Symptoms : H(022)
Recipes : H(022) pains of childbirth, in severe cases, prescribing Avicennia and also the decoction of inflorescences of Leonotis nepetifolia var. africana
Region : West Africa
Country : Senegal (Saloun island)
Vernacular name : kamindéro (Socé)
Leptadenia hastata (Pers.) Decne.
Official name : Leptadenia hastata (Pers.) Decne.
Family : Apocynaceae
Synonyms : Leptadenia lancifolia (Schumach & Thonn.) Decne.
Symptoms : H(054), H(068), H(100)
Recipes : H(054) magic cure of the trypanosomiasis, maceration of the trunk barks of Detarium senegalense + the whole plant of Leptadenia hastata, half of the preparation VO. 3 X / day, to wash the patient with the rest of the preparation + massage with the residues.( in Bétanti)
H(068) vermifuge, leaves and roots decoction of Leptadenia hastata, VO.
H(100) blennorrage, roots of Cissampelos mucronata, Waltheria indica and Leptadenia hastata, RNS. (receipt Socé)
Region : West Africa
Country : Senegal (Saloun island)
Vernacular name : n'dis wandane, ingassoub, n'gaz ou (Niominka) ; sora (Socé)
Lophira lanceolata Van Tiegh. ex Keay
Official name : Lophira lanceolata Van Tiegh. ex Keay
Family : Ochnaceae
Symptoms : H(005)
Recipes : H(005) oedema, massages with pounded roots of Newbouldia laevis and Lopliira lanceolata
Region : West Africa
Country : Senegal (Saloun island)
Vernacular name : mano (Socé)
Macrosphyra longistyla (DC.) Hiern
Official name : Macrosphyra longistyla (DC.) Hiern
Family : Rubiaceae
Symptoms : H(014), H(022), H(091)
Recipes : H(014) dermatomycosis; decoction of leaves of Macrosphyra longistyla, VO. and bath or wash (receipts Niominka)
H(022) oxytocic, H(091) restorative, decoction of leaves of Macrosphyra longistyla , VO. and bath or wash (receipt Socé)
Region : West Africa
Country : Senegal (Saloun island)
Vernacular name : indoubarkat, youm nakoye (= miel de singe) (Niominka) ; mankalignon, mankaligno (Socé)
Mangifera indica L.
Official name : Mangifera indica L.
Family : Anacardiaceae
Symptoms : H(008)
Recipes : H(008) common diarrhoea banales, maceration of barks of Mangifera indica, RNS. ( Niodior region )
Region : West Africa
Country : Senegal (Saloun island)
Vernacular name : imangourou (Niominka)
Maytenus senegalensis (Lam.) Exell
Official name : Maytenus senegalensis (Lam.) Exell
Family : Celastraceae
Synonyms : Gymnosporia senegalensis (Lam.) Loes.
Symptoms : H(100)
Recipes : H(100) blennorrage, seeds decoction of Maytenus senegalensis , RNS.
H(103, f), leaves for gingivitis , odontalgia, pyorrhea, tooth aches etc., RNS.
Region : West Africa
Country : Senegal (Saloun island)
Vernacular name : indafar, n'daf'ar, dafar (Niominka) ; kassabaro (s
Merremia tridentata (L.) Hallier f.
Official name : Merremia tridentata (L.) Hallier f.
Family : Convolvulaceae
Synonyms : Merremia tridentata subsp. angustifolia (Jacq.) Ooststr.
Symptoms : H(001)
Recipes : H(001) different ocular disorders, washes with the decoction of the whole plant of Merremia tridentata subsp. Angustifolia
Region : West Africa
Country : Senegal (Saloun island)
Vernacular name : dioulou n'digon (Socé)
Mitracarpus scaber Zucc. ex Schult. & Schult.f.
Official name : Mitracarpus scaber Zucc. ex Schult. & Schult.f.
Family : Rubiaceae
Symptoms : H(014)
Recipes : H(014) dermatoses, leaves Mitracarpus scaber are used in massage
Region : West Africa
Country : Senegal (Saloun island)
Vernacular name : lotokano, lotokanon (Socé)
Mitragyna inermis (Willd.) K.Schum.
Official name : Mitragyna inermis (Willd.) K.Schum.
Family : Rubiaceae
Synonyms : Nauclea africana Willd.
Symptoms : H(030)
Recipes : H(030) expulsion of the placenta, the decoction of leaves of M. inermis is given drink during difficult deliveries to hasten expulsion of the placenta
Region : West Africa
Country : Senegal (Saloun island)
Vernacular name : dioumon, diouhon (Socé)
Morinda geminata DC.
Official name : Morinda geminata DC.
Family : Rubiaceae
Symptoms : H(104)
Recipes : H(104) Morinda geminata is highly recommended by Socé for all conditions on the belly, or supposed. The administration of maceration or decoction of leaves and barks arecauses of diarrhea and diuresis.
Region : West Africa
Country : Senegal (Saloun island)
Vernacular name : bolon kadjibo (Socé)
Moringa oleifera Lam.
Official name : Moringa oleifera Lam.
Family : Moringaceae
Symptoms : H(113)
Recipes : H(113) rheumatism and joint pain, massages with pounded roots of Moringa oleifera (receipt in the region of Dinouar)
Region : West Africa
Country : Senegal (Saloun island)
Vernacular name : nébedaye (Niominka) ; némédayo (Socé)
Nauclea latifolia Sm.
Official name : Nauclea latifolia Sm.
Family : Rubiaceae
Synonyms : Sarcocephalus russeggeri Schweinf. , Sarcocephalus latifolius (Smith) Bruce , Sarcocephalus esculentus Afzel. ex Sabine
Symptoms : H(037), H(104)
Recipes : H(037) calming action for chest pain, decoction of barks and leaves , RNS. (receipt Socé)
H(104) intestina function regulator, decoction of leaves and barks of Sarcocephalus esculentus
Region : West Africa
Country : Senegal (Saloun island)
Vernacular name : batiô, korom kondom (Socé)
Newbouldia laevis (P.Beauv.) Seemann ex Bureau
Official name : Newbouldia laevis (P.Beauv.) Seemann ex Bureau
Family : Bignoniaceae
Symptoms : H(005)
Recipes : H(005) oedema, massages with pounded roots of Newbouldia laevis and Lopliira lanceolata
Region : West Africa
Country : Senegal (Saloun island)
Vernacular name : koundiou bouro (Socé)
Nymphaea lotus L.
Official name : Nymphaea lotus L.
Family : Nymphaeaceae
Symptoms : H(068), H(077), H(099)
Recipes : H(068) vermifuge., H(077) nausea, H(099) tranquillizing, fruits of Nymphaea lotus, RNS. (receipt Niominka)
Region : West Africa
Country : Senegal (Saloun island)
Vernacular name : agname (Niominka) ; bakoyo (Socé)
Panicum anabaptistum Steud.
Official name : Panicum anabaptistum Steud.
Family : Poaceae
Symptoms : H(013)
Recipes : Panicum that has the same name as the vernacular name of Eragrostis sp., as it is feared for erythema accompanied of pruritus caused in contact with skin.
Region : West Africa
Country : Senegal (Saloun island)
Vernacular name : idad apène (Niominka)
Parinari excelsa Sabine
Official name : Parinari excelsa Sabine
Family : Chrysobalanaceae
Symptoms : H(076), H(103)
Recipes : H(076) stomatitis, H(103) tooth aches, .H(103) gingivitis, steam bath of a decoction of leaves of Parinari excelsa
Region : West Africa
Country : Senegal (Saloun island)
Vernacular name : tamba (Socé)
Parkia biglobosa ( Jacq.) R.Br. ex G. Don
Official name : Parkia biglobosa ( Jacq.) R.Br. ex G. Don
Family : Fabaceae
Synonyms : Parkia clappertoniana Keay
Symptoms : H(037)
Recipes : H(037) bronchitis, pounded leaves of Parkia biglobosa, massage and cataplasm
Region : West Africa
Country : Senegal (Saloun island)
Vernacular name : nêto (Socé)
Phoenix reclinata Jacq.
Official name : Phoenix reclinata Jacq.
Family : Palmae
Symptoms : H(001), H(104)
Recipes : H(001), folioles of Phoenix reclinata + magical cure
H(104) stomach ache and colics, maceration of roots of Phoenix reclinata, RNS..
Region : West Africa
Country : Senegal (Saloun island)
Vernacular name : bissao, issao (Niominka) ; korosso (Socé)
Piliostigma thonningii (Schumach.) Milne-Redh.
Official name : Piliostigma thonningii (Schumach.) Milne-Redh.
Family : Fabaceae
Synonyms : Bauhinia thonningii Schumach.
Symptoms : H(018)
Recipes : H(018), cephalalgy, frictions of the head and the fore head with leaves of Piliostigma thonningii
Region : West Africa
Country : Senegal (Saloun island)
Vernacular name : kara ba (Socé)
Prosopis africana (Guill. & Perr.) Taub.
Official name : Prosopis africana (Guill. & Perr.) Taub.
Family : Fabaceae
Symptoms : H(103)
Recipes : H(103) odontalgia, leaves and barks of stems of Prosopis africana are masticate or gargle
Region : West Africa
Country : Senegal (Saloun island)
Vernacular name : kiembô, tiembô (Socé)
Psorospermum senegalense Spach
Official name : Psorospermum senegalense Spach
Family : Hypericaceae
Symptoms : H(077), H(082), H(173)
Recipes : H(077) nausea, H(082) respiratory disease, residue of a long decoction of leaves of Psorospermum senegalense, RNS.
H(014) the same decoction in external use as antidermatosic and H(173) leprosy, in VO. as anti leprosy
Region : West Africa
Country : Senegal (Saloun island)
Vernacular name : kourkoutoumandi, kounkoutou mandion, kating diankomon (Socé)
Pterocarpus erinaceus Poir.
Official name : Pterocarpus erinaceus Poir.
Family : Fabaceae
Symptoms : H(037), H(103)
Recipes : H(037), maceration and barks of Pterocarpus erinaceus decoction cough and
H(037) as again cough and respiratory disease
H(103) tooth aches, maceration and le barks decoction of Pterocarpus erinaceus, gargle
Region : West Africa
Country : Senegal (Saloun island)
Vernacular name : kéno, tiénô (Socé)
Rhizophora sp
Official name : Rhizophora sp
Family : Rhizophoraceae
Symptoms : H(103)
Recipes : H(103) toothache, dental caries, leaves and barks, as decoction, gargle.. The decayed teeth are then scraped with a rub-teeth loaded with the liquid and sealed with a paste of leaves (recommended by Niominka)
Region : West Africa
Country : Senegal (Saloun island)
Vernacular name : palétuvier rouge, diass (Niominka)
Saba senegalensis (A.DC.) Pichon
Official name : Saba senegalensis (A.DC.) Pichon
Family : Apocynaceae
Synonyms : Landolphia senegalensis (A. DC.) Kotschy & Peyr.
Symptoms : H(004)
Recipes : H(004) crumpled leaves in H2O of Saba senegalensis, local application
Region : West Africa
Country : Senegal (Saloun island)
Vernacular name : kaba (Socé)
Salacia senegalensis (Lam.) DC.
Official name : Salacia senegalensis (Lam.) DC.
Family : Celastraceae
Symptoms : H(008)
Recipes : H(008) this Salacia senegalensis is administered in childhood diarrhea as root decoction
Region : West Africa
Country : Senegal (Saloun island)
Vernacular name : n'doloré (Niominka)
Sclerocarya birrea (A. Rich.) Hochst.
Official name : Sclerocarya birrea (A. Rich.) Hochst.
Family : Anacardiaceae
Symptoms : H(020), H(210)
Recipes : H(020) snake bite, barks maceration of Sclerocarya birrea stems , VO. (complementary receipt Socé)
H(210) stimulating plant, fermented fruits and different preparation of barks by Niominka semblent
Region : West Africa
Country : Senegal (Saloun island)
Vernacular name : iharidje, arik (Niominka) ; kouten diaô (Socé)
Scoparia dulcis L.
Official name : Scoparia dulcis L.
Family : Scrophulariaceae
Symptoms : H(201)
Recipes : H(201) travel fetish for Socé , stem of Scoparia dulcis in water for washing the body
Region : West Africa
Country : Senegal (Saloun island)
Vernacular name : timing timing (Socé)
Securidaca longipedunculata Fresen.
Official name : Securidaca longipedunculata Fresen.
Family : Polygalaceae
Symptoms : H(020), H(053), H(054)
Recipes : H(020) snake bite, roots of Securidaca longipedunculata, RNS.
H(053) otitis, juice of young leaves, RNS.
H(054) trypanosomiasis, roots, RNS. (receipt Socé)
Region : West Africa
Country : Senegal (Saloun island)
Vernacular name : diouto, douto (Socé)
Securinega virosa (Roxb. ex Willd.) Baill.
Official name : Securinega virosa (Roxb. ex Willd.) Baill.
Family : Euphorbiaceae
Symptoms : H(091), H(104)
Recipes : H(091) maceration of leaves leaves of Securinega virosa bath and massage again fatigue and stiffness in the back and limbs
H(091), boiled juice of peduncles of Anacardium occidentales then evaporated in order to obtain a sirup mixed with the roots, barks and leaves of Securinega virosa
H(104) enteralgia, roots maceration, VO.
Region : West Africa
Country : Senegal (Saloun island)
Vernacular name : bouroum baran (Socé)
Sesbania pachycarpa DC. subsp. Pachycarpa
Official name : Sesbania pachycarpa DC. subsp. Pachycarpa
Family : Fabaceae
Symptoms :
Recipes : H(099), Sesbania seeds of this have been reported as toxic and Dienouar informants drew attention to the possible confusion with the seeds of Cassia occidentalis, very popular as a substitute of coffee
Region : West Africa
Country : Senegal (Saloun island)
Vernacular name : bib (Niominka)
Sesbania pubescens DC.
Official name : Sesbania pubescens DC.
Family : Fabaceae
Symptoms : H(095)
Recipes : H(095) were reported to Niodior (neighboring island of Dienouar) as a substitute of coffee, exciting and invigorating
Region : West Africa
Country : Senegal (Saloun island)
Vernacular name : bib (Niominka)
Sesuvium portulacastrum L.
Official name : Sesuvium portulacastrum L.
Family : Aizoaceae
Symptoms : H(004), H(093)
Recipes : H(004), H(093) Sesuvium portulacastrum, considered generally as hemostatic and used for wounds, would be the best antidote for external bites from poisonous fish ( extended footbaths with a decoction of the whole plant).
Region : West Africa
Country : Senegal (Saloun island)
Vernacular name : sambaniania, isambaniania (Niominka) ; sambaniani (Socé)
Sphaeranthus senegalensis DC.
Official name : Sphaeranthus senegalensis DC.
Family : Asteraceae
Symptoms : H(000), H(013)
Recipes : H(000), all parts of the plant of Sphaeranthus senegalensis have in Socé, reputation of panacea
H(013) to ripen large boils in Niominka, only the leaves crushed and agglomerated into plaster
Region : West Africa
Country : Senegal (Saloun island)
Vernacular name : ayalor, loubougne (Niominka) ; koubédiaro (Socé)
Spondias mombin L.
Official name : Spondias mombin L.
Family : Anacardiaceae
Synonyms : Spondias lutea L.
Symptoms : H(008)
Recipes : H(008) dysentery, leaves decoction of Spondias lutea, VO.
Region : West Africa
Country : Senegal (Saloun island)
Vernacular name : boumkoumo (Socé)
Sterculia setigera Del.
Official name : Sterculia setigera Del.
Family : Sterculiaceae
Synonyms : Sterculia tomentosa Guill. & Perr.
Symptoms : H(046)
Recipes : H(046) measles, barks maceration of Sterculia setigera, VO. (receipt Socé)
Region : West Africa
Country : Senegal (Saloun island)
Vernacular name : kounkoussito (Socé)
Stereospermum kunthianum Cham.
Official name : Stereospermum kunthianum Cham.
Family : Bignoniaceae
Symptoms :
Recipes : H(091) asthenia, general fatigue, maceration of leaves of Stereospermum kunthianum, bath
Region : West Africa
Country : Senegal (Saloun island)
Vernacular name : bouapalon (Socé)
Strophanthus sarmentosus DC.
Official name : Strophanthus sarmentosus DC.
Family : Apocynaceae
Symptoms : H(008), H(054), H(068)
Recipes : H(008), the Niominka treat childhood diarrhea with the decoction of leaves and roots of Strophanthus sarmentosus
.H(068), the Socé use the macerated roots as an anthelmintic, VO. , H(091) in drinks and baths as a tonic, H(054) as a complementary treatment of disease sornmeil.
Region : West Africa
Country : Senegal (Saloun island)
Vernacular name : n'dolore (Niominka) ; kounon (Socé)
Strychnos spinosa Lam.
Official name : Strychnos spinosa Lam.
Family : Strychnaceae
Synonyms : Strychnos buettneri Gilg
Symptoms : H(104)
Recipes : H(104) colitis and entéero-colitis., maceration of pounded leaves of Strychnos spinosa , VO.
Region : West Africa
Country : Senegal (Saloun island)
Vernacular name : patékouléi (Socé)
Swartzia madagascariensis Desv.
Official name : Swartzia madagascariensis Desv.
Family : Fabaceae
Symptoms : H(068)
Recipes : H(068) vermifuge, roots maceration of Swartzia madagascariensis, RNS.
Region : West Africa
Country : Senegal (Saloun island)
Vernacular name : noumouding tiembô (Socé)
Tamarindus indica L.
Official name : Tamarindus indica L.
Family : Fabaceae
Synonyms : Tamarindus erythraea Mattei
Symptoms : H(001), H(007), H(077), H(108)
Recipes : H(001), ophtalmia, sap of leaves, RNS.
H(007), fruit comestible de Tamarindus indica, considéré comme dépuratif and rafraîchissant
H(077) vomiting, maceration of seeds, RNS.
H(108) coryzas, maceration of stems, RNS.(receipt Niominka )
Region : West Africa
Country : Senegal (Saloun island)
Vernacular name : isobe, ichob, inénef (Niominka)
Tamarix senegalensis DC.
Official name : Tamarix senegalensis DC.
Family : Tamaricaceae
Symptoms : H(001), H(201)
Recipes : H(001), decoction of twigs is used by Niominka in washes in conjunctivitis.
H(001), by Socé, the plant is only a spark lightning fetish.
Region : West Africa
Country : Senegal (Saloun island)
Vernacular name : ibourdou, ibournou (Niominka) ; chiboussaraon (Socé)
Terminalia avicennioides Guill. & Perr.
Official name : Terminalia avicennioides Guill. & Perr.
Family : Combretaceae
Synonyms : Terminalia dictyoneura Diels
Symptoms : H(201)
Recipes : H(201), for Socé it is great fetish tree, in many cures add 7 leaves of Terminalia avicennioides.
Region : West Africa
Country : Senegal (Saloun island)
Vernacular name : wolokoyo (Socé)
Terminalia laxiflora Engl. & Diels
Official name : Terminalia laxiflora Engl. & Diels
Family : Combretaceae
Symptoms : H(037)
Recipes : H(037), tuberculosis, decoction ONS of Terminalia laxiflora, RNS.
Region : West Africa
Country : Senegal (Saloun island)
Vernacular name : balak (Niominka)
Terminalia macroptera Guil. & Perr.
Official name : Terminalia macroptera Guil. & Perr.
Family : Combretaceae
Symptoms : H(091)
Recipes : H(091) fortifying, decoction of roots of Terminalia macroptera , RNS
Region : West Africa
Country : Senegal (Saloun island)
Vernacular name : wolokoyo (Socé)
Tinospora bakis (A. Rich.) Miers
Official name : Tinospora bakis (A. Rich.) Miers
Family : Menispermaceae
Symptoms : H(051x), H(126)
Recipes : H(051x) yellow fever, H(126), icterus, decoction of leaves of Crateua religiosa, smoke bath + a preparation from the yellow wood of Tinospora bakis, VO.
Region : West Africa
Country : Senegal (Saloun island)
Vernacular name : not communicated by the author
Trichilia emetica Vahl subsp. emetica
Official name : Trichilia emetica Vahl subsp. emetica
Family : Meliaceae
Synonyms : Trichilia roka (Forssk.) Chiov (illegal. Name)
Symptoms : H(173)
Recipes : H(173) leprosy, maceration of roots of Tricliilia roka, RNS. (receipt Socé)
Region : West Africa
Country : Senegal (Saloun island)
Vernacular name : soulak éo (Socé)
Vernonia colorata (Willd.) Drake
Official name : Vernonia colorata (Willd.) Drake
Family : Asteraceae
Symptoms : H(013), H(036), H(099)
Recipes : H(013) skin rash, friction with a decoction of leaves of Vernonia colorata.
H(036) syncope, H(099) epilepsy, inhalation of leaves and inflorescences decoction of Vernonia colorata
Region : West Africa
Country : Senegal (Saloun island)
Vernacular name : indou barkase, indou barkat (Niominka)
Vernonia nigritiana Oliv. & Hiern
Official name : Vernonia nigritiana Oliv. & Hiern
Family : Asteraceae
Symptoms : H(068), H(100), H(104), H(113), H(139)
Recipes : H(068) vermifuge, H(100) blennorrage, H(104) enteralgia and H(113) antirhumatismal, H(139) aphrodisiac, roots of Vernonia nigritiana for internal preparations, RNS (receipt Socé)
Region : West Africa
Country : Senegal (Saloun island)
Vernacular name : koumarétouro, kouroukèye (Socé)
Vernonia pauciflora (Willd.) Less.
Official name : Vernonia pauciflora (Willd.) Less.
Family : Asteraceae
Symptoms : H(092)
Recipes : H(092) plant of Vernonia pauciflora toxic plant according Socé. It would be particularly for termites and it is used to protect fences, timber, etc …
Region : West Africa
Country : Senegal (Saloun island)
Vernacular name : kountouron, franssan boukanaon (Socé)
Vitex barbata Baker
Official name : Vitex barbata Baker
Family : Verbenaceae
Symptoms : H(018), H(113)
Recipes : H(018), H(113), Vitex barbata in decoction of leaves and fumigation for aches and showers on the head for headaches.
Region : West Africa
Country : Senegal (Saloun island)
Vernacular name : chimbo on, koutouf inho, koutofihon (Socé)
Voacanga africana Stapf
Official name : Voacanga africana Stapf
Family : Apocynaceae
Symptoms : H(091)
Recipes : Le Voacanga africana paraît avoir en pays socé deux indications précises et une indication très générale: traitement des blessures avec le latex; traitement of la H(091) H(091) tiredness due à l'essoufflement, avec le décocté of leaves en boisson; enfin traitement pour toutes les affections, en qualité of panacée, avec le décocté of leaves et of barks pris deux fois par jour en bains et boissons
Region : West Africa
Country : Senegal (Saloun island)
Vernacular name : ibalak (Niominka) ; naradio (Socé)
Waltheria indica L.
Official name : Waltheria indica L.
Family : Sterculiaceae
Synonyms : Waltheria americana L.
Symptoms : H(001), H(100)
Recipes : H(001), leaves juice of Wa/theria indica, RNS.
H(100) blennorrage, roots of Cissampelos mucronata, Waltheria indica and Leptadenia hastata, RNS. (receipt Socé)
Region : West Africa
Country : Senegal (Saloun island)
Vernacular name : inguéguessane (Niominka) niana nisousareng, niana niéssoussaraon (Socé)
Ximenia americana L.
Official name : Ximenia americana L.
Family : Olacaceae
Symptoms : H(050), H(104), H(124)
Recipes : H(050) flatulent colic, meteorim., H(104) colitis, powder of dried leaves of Ximenia americana, RNS.
H(124) fresh leaves of Ximenia americana are haemostatic
Region : West Africa
Country : Senegal (Saloun island)
Vernacular name : séno (Socé)
Ziziphus mauritiana Lam.
Official name : Ziziphus mauritiana Lam.
Family : Rhamnaceae
Synonyms : Ziziphus jujuba Lam.
Symptoms : H(104)
Recipes : H(104) weak stomach ache, Zizyphus mauritiana, Entada africana and Acacia sieberiana are essentialy used by marabouts to heal people with a decoction of fruits (receipt Socé)
Region : West Africa
Country : Senegal (Saloun island)
Vernacular name : inguitche, n'guiche (Niominka) ; tomboron (Socé)
Ziziphus mucronata Willd.
Official name : Ziziphus mucronata Willd.
Family : Rhamnaceae
Symptoms : H(162x)
Recipes : H(162x), enuresis, pounded seeds of Zizyphus mucronata, VO., during 3 days
Region : West Africa
Country : Senegal (Saloun island)
Vernacular name : inguitch mone, n'guitch mone (Niominka) ; soulou tomboron (Socé)