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Reference : HK 51

Author(s) : Kerharo, J. & J.G. Adam
Title : Les plantes médicinales, toxiques et magiques des Niominka et des Socé des Iles du Saloum (Sénégal) Acta tropica, Suppl. 8, 279 - 334 (1964)
Reference HK 51 has information about 132 plants :
Abrus precatorius L.
Official name : Abrus precatorius L.
Family : Fabaceae
Symptoms : H(092)
Recipes : H(092), seeds of Abrus precatorius are toxic , no therapeutic uses revealed to the authors
Region : West Africa
Country : Senegal (Saloun island)
Vernacular name : dahar guiné (Niominka) ; dolimo, n'dolign'hou (Socé)
Acacia albida Del.
Official name : Acacia albida Del.
Family : Fabaceae
Synonyms : Faidherbia albida (Delile) A. Chev.
Symptoms : H(103), H(201)
Recipes : H(103) odontalgia, bark of Acacia albida is cut in thin lash who are sucked then chewed and to keep a certain time in the mouth (Niominka de Niodior)
H(201) plant idol against the wizards eaters of souls (Socé)
H(201), during an epidemic the traditional healer prepares drinks which are regularly drunk by people who live in the village Niominka,he also orders on propitiatory ablutions
Region : West Africa
Country : Senegal (Saloun island)
Vernacular name : sass, issas (Niominka) ; baran san, baransan'hou (Socé)
Acacia macrostachya Reichenb. ex DC.
Official name : Acacia macrostachya Reichenb. ex DC.
Family : Fabaceae
Symptoms : H(092)
Recipes : H(092) arrow poison, leaves of Acacia macrostachya, Gardenia triacantha, Asparagus africanus et Clerodendron capitatum. The preparation consists in maceration for ten days, followed by evaporation to obtain an extract which is impregnated the arrowhead
Region : West Africa
Country : Senegal (Saloun island)
Vernacular name : not registrated
Acacia macrostachya Reichenb. ex DC.
Official name : Acacia macrostachya Reichenb. ex DC.
Family : Fabaceae
Symptoms : H(020), H(092)
Recipes : H(020) snake, leaves of Acacia macrostachya, many leaves are eaten (receipt Socé)
H(092) arrow poison, leaves of Acacia macrostachya, Gardenia triacantha, Asparagus africanus and Clerodendron capitatum are macerated durind 10 days, then evaporated in order to obtain an extract which is glued on the head of the arrow (receipt Socé)
Region : West Africa
Country : Senegal (Saloun island)
Vernacular name : simoko, simokouon, sig'ho-ko (Socé)
Acacia sieberiana DC.
Official name : Acacia sieberiana DC.
Family : Fabaceae
Synonyms : Acacia sieberiana DC. var. sieberiana
Symptoms : H(091), H(201), H(104)
Recipes : H(091) + H(201), Acacia sieberiana is essentialy used by marabouts to heal weak people with macerated roots, VO. (receipt Niominka)
H(104) weak stomach ache, Zizyphus mauritiana, Entada africana and Acacia sieberiana are essentialy used by marabouts to heal people with a decoction of fruits (receipt Socé)
Region : West Africa
Country : Senegal (Saloun island)
Vernacular name : issoule, soule (Niominka)
Adansonia digitata L.
Official name : Adansonia digitata L.
Family : Bombacaceae
Synonyms : Adansonia sphaerocarpa A.Chev.
Symptoms : H(007), H(091), H(104)
Recipes : H(007) diuretic, H(091) fortifying, maceration of pounded leaves of Adansonia digitata (receipt Socé)
H(104) child enteralgia, fruit of Adansonia digitata , RNS.. (receipts Niominka and Socé)
Region : West Africa
Country : Senegal (Saloun island)
Vernacular name : ibak, bak (Niominka) ; sito (Socé)
Afrormosia laxiflora (Benth.) Harms
Official name : Afrormosia laxiflora (Benth.) Harms
Family : Fabaceae
Synonyms : Pericopsis laxiflora (Benth.) Meeuwen , Ormosia laxiflora Benth.
Symptoms : H(020), H(020x), H(104), H(113)
Recipes : H(104) stomach ache, powder of dried bark of Afrormosia laxiflora, diluted in H20, VO. (receipt Socé)
H(020) snake, H(020x) dogs etc. powder of dried bark of Afrormosia laxiflora, diluted in H20, VO + a cataplasm of crumpled leaves in H2O.
H(113) arthritis, joint pain, decoction of leaves of Afrormosia laxiflora, VO..(receipt Socé)
Region : West Africa
Country : Senegal (Saloun island)
Vernacular name : koulou kou lo, koulikouli (Socé)
Alchornea cordifolia (Schum. & Thonn.) Müll. Arg.
Official name : Alchornea cordifolia (Schum. & Thonn.) Müll. Arg.
Family : Euphorbiaceae
Synonyms : Alchornea cordata Benth.
Symptoms : H(015z), H(037), H(091)
Recipes : H(037) cough, hoarseness, young stems of Alchornea cordifolia, without leaves and bark, VO.
H(037) + H(015z) cough with blood, maceration of leaves, VO..
H(091) restorative, fortifying, decoction of leaves, VO. + bath during 1 week .(receipts Socé)
Region : West Africa
Country : Senegal (Saloun island)
Vernacular name : ira (Socé)
Allophylus africanus P. Beauv.
Official name : Allophylus africanus P. Beauv.
Family : Sapindaceae
Symptoms : H(001), H(201)
Recipes : H(001) conjunctivitis, maceration of leaves, wash the eyes or drops in eyes of the leaves juice of Allophylus africanus africanus
H(201) magic plant again bad spell, two pieces of wood are placed on the way of the sorcerer
Region : West Africa
Country : Senegal (Saloun island)
Vernacular name : gon niô, konkon maoulon, gôni-ho (Socé)
Anacardium occidentale L.
Official name : Anacardium occidentale L.
Family : Anacardiaceae
Symptoms : H(008), H(091), H(104)
Recipes : H(008) diarrhoea, H(104) stomachaches, leaves and barks of Anacardium occidentale, alone or mixed, macerated or decoction, VO. (receipts Niominka and Socé)
H(091), boiled juice of peduncles of Anacardium occidentales then evaporated in order to obtain a sirup mixed with the roots, barks and leaves of Securinega virosa
Region : West Africa
Country : Senegal (Saloun island)
Vernacular name : darkassou, darcassou (n, s)
Andira inermis D.C.
Official name : Andira inermis D.C.
Family : Papilionaceae
Symptoms : H(068), H(091)
Recipes : H(068), barks of Andira inermis are poisonous so they are used only as vermifuge and anthelmintic under strict control.
H(091) fatigue and stiffness in the back and limbs, external use only, decoction of barks and twigs with leaves, bath (receipts Socé)
Region : West Africa
Country : Senegal (Saloun island)
Vernacular name : kéringdouto, kéreigndouto, kérène douto (Socé)
Annona senegalensis Pers.
Official name : Annona senegalensis Pers.
Family : Annonaceae
Synonyms : Annona arenaria Thonn. , Annona chrysophylla Bojer
Symptoms : H(008), H(104)
Recipes : H(008) diarrhoea, powder of dried leaves and stems barks of Annona senegalensis, VO.
H(104) stomach ache, roots decoctions en boisson pour les abdominal pains avec constipation and anurie (receipts Socé)
Region : West Africa
Country : Senegal (Saloun island)
Vernacular name : sounkou, sounkoumo, sougnekou-hou, soukoum (Socé)
Anogeissus leiocarpa (DC.) Guill. & Perr.
Official name : Anogeissus leiocarpa (DC.) Guill. & Perr.
Family : Combretaceae
Synonyms : Anogeissus schimperi Hochst. ex Hutch. & Dalziel
Symptoms : H(091), H(139)
Recipes : H(091) stimulant, H(139) aphrodisiac barks decoction of roots of Anogeissus leiocarpa, VO. (receipt Socé:)
Region : West Africa
Country : Senegal (Saloun island)
Vernacular name : kérékéto (Socé)
Aphania senegalensis (Juss. ex Poir.) Radlk.
Official name : Aphania senegalensis (Juss. ex Poir.) Radlk.
Family : Sapindaceae
Synonyms : Lepisanthes senegalensis (Juss. ex Poir.) Leenh.
Symptoms : H(037), H(095)
Recipes : H(037) bronchitis and bronchopneumonia, decoction of the bark of the trunk of leafy branches of Aphania senegalensis
H(095) pulp of the cherry is excellent
Region : West Africa
Country : Senegal (Saloun island)
Vernacular name : iboudj, boudj, boutj (Niominka)
Aphania senegalensis (Juss. ex Poir.) Radlk.
Official name : Aphania senegalensis (Juss. ex Poir.) Radlk.
Family : Sapindaceae
Synonyms : Lepisanthes senegalensis (Juss. ex Poir.) Leenh.
Symptoms : V(092)
Recipes : Vo(092) toxic seeds, cherry of Aphania senegalensis are toxic for sheep (indicated on several occasions by Niominka)
Region : West Africa
Country : Senegal (Saloun island)
Vernacular name : iboudj, boudj, boutj (Niominka)
Aristida stipoides Lam.
Official name : Aristida stipoides Lam.
Family : Poaceae
Symptoms : H(068)
Recipes : H(068) vermifuge, gall along the stems of Aristida stipoides which is absorbed when still green, is considered as good vermifuge by Niominka.
Region : West Africa
Country : Senegal (Saloun island)
Vernacular name : makir, makirhe (Niominka)
Asparagus africanus Lam.
Official name : Asparagus africanus Lam.
Family : Asparagaceae
Symptoms : H(092)
Recipes : H(000), H(201),drug of last resort, for disease undiagnosed and rebels to all other therapies. It Then gives the maceration or decoction of roots of Gardenia triacantha in drink as the patient remains alive. (Recipe Socé)
H(092) arrow poison, leaves of Acacia macrostachya, Gardenia triacantha, Asparagus africanus et Clerodendron capitatum. The preparation consists in maceration for ten days, followed by evaporation to obtain an extract which is impregnated the arrowhead
Region : West Africa
Country : Senegal (Saloun island)
Vernacular name : not registrated
Asparagus africanus Lam.
Official name : Asparagus africanus Lam.
Family : Asparagaceae
Symptoms : H(092), H(100)
Recipes : H(092) arrow poison, leaves of Acacia macrostachya, Gardenia triacantha, Asparagus africanus and Clerodendron capitatum are macerated durind 10 days, then evaporated in order to obtain an extract which is glued on the head of the arrow (receipt Socé)
H(100) blennorrage, syphilis, roots of Asparagus africanus macerated, VO., (receipt Socé)
Region : West Africa
Country : Senegal (Saloun island)
Vernacular name : narala, naralaon (Socé)
Asparagus asparagoides (L.) Druce
Official name : Asparagus asparagoides (L.) Druce
Family : Asparagaceae
Symptoms : H(092)
Recipes : H(000), H(201),drug of last resort, for disease undiagnosed and rebels to all other therapies. It Then gives the maceration or decoction of roots of Gardenia triacantha in drink as the patient remains alive. (Recipe Socé)
H(092) arrow poison, leaves of Acacia macrostachya, Gardenia triacantha, Asparagus africanus et Clerodendron capitatum. The preparation consists in maceration for ten days, followed by evaporation to obtain an extract which is impregnated the arrowhead
Region : West Africa
Country : Senegal (Saloun island)
Vernacular name : not registrated
Avicennia africana P. Beauv.
Official name : Avicennia africana P. Beauv.
Family : Avicenniaceae
Synonyms : Avicennia germinans (L. ) L.
Symptoms : H(022), H(030), H(104)
Recipes : H(022, f) good delivery, H(030, f), retained placenta decoction of barks and stems with leaves of Avicennia africana, VO. or VO. + bath
H(104) abdominal pain, roots decoction, VO.
Region : West Africa
Country : Senegal (Saloun island)
Vernacular name : m'bouhane, bourhane, ibouhande, m'bourhane (Niominka) ; diouloukoumon (Socé)