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Reference : HL 29

Author(s) : Lestrade, A
Title : La médecine indigène au Ruanda et Lexique des termes médicaux français - urunyarwanda Mémoire présenté à la séance du 20 décembre 1954. de l'Académie Royale des Sciences Coloniales de Belgique
Reference HL 29 has information about 107 plants :
Acanthus montanus (Nees) T. Anderson
Official name : Acanthus montanus (Nees) T. Anderson
Family : Acanthaceae
Symptoms : V(041)
Recipes : Vb(041) blackleg livestock (ubutaka bwa nyamukuka or umubagabaga, umutagara), or symptomatic anthrax or ubutaka bwa nyamukanura, rapid anthrax, presumably acute bacterium anthrax: healing method: pulverized coals cooled from the plants ; Acanthus montanus (ibitovu (igitovu?)) , Asparagus sp. (imishabishabi), Achyranthes aspera (umuhurura). Incisions on swelling and spitting on wounds. Using his finger, insert the powder and top with fresh butter
Vb(041) blackleg livestock (ubutaka bwa nyamukuka or umubagabaga, umutagara), or symptomatic anthrax or ubutaka bwa nyamukanura, rapid anthrax, presumably acute bacterium anthrax: curative vaccine with the plants Berkheya spekeana (ikwarara (ikigwarara)), (?) igikongeri, Acanthus montanus (igitovu) and Rubus inedulis (umukeri), with soot and fresh butter. Incisions are made on the right shoulder of each animal, including sheep, starting with the oldest and by using the the owner knife . Using the right atrial "agahera" introduce the vaccine in wounds
Region : Central Africa
Country : Rwanda
Vernacular name : ibitovu (igitovu?) (Kinyarwanda)
Achyranthes aspera L.
Official name : Achyranthes aspera L.
Family : Amaranthaceae
Synonyms : Achyranthes annua Dinter , Achyranthes indica (L.) Mill. , Achyranthes aspera L. var. sicula , Achyranthes obovata Peter.
Symptoms : V(041)
Recipes : Vb(041) blackleg livestock (ubutaka bwa nyamukuka or umubagabaga, umutagara), or symptomatic anthrax or ubutaka bwa nyamukanura, rapid anthrax, presumably acute bacterium anthrax: autre healing method: pulverized coals cooled from the plants ; Acanthus montanus (ibitovu (igitovu?)) , Asparagus sp. (imishabishabi), Achyranthes aspera (umuhurura). Incisions on swelling and spitting on wounds. Using his finger, insert the powder and top with fresh butter
Region : Central Africa
Country : Rwanda
Vernacular name : umuhurura (Kinyarwanda)
Ageratum conyzoides L.
Official name : Ageratum conyzoides L.
Family : Asteraceae
Symptoms : H(004)
Recipes : H(004) wound, crushed leaves of Ageratum conyzoides (inkuruba) of Bidens pilosa (inyabarasanyat), of the edible gourd (igisusa kÿinkyungwane) , Crassocephalum rubens (igifuraninda), (?) umuryanyoni, make a ball which is strongly pressed on the wound and its surroundings, this to prevent swelling
H(004) wound by spear or arrow: Remove the foreign body. Cauterize the wound by introducing a smaller blade white hot drop over the old rancid butter aged two or three years, who liquefying flows into the wound. Crumple leaves of (?) itôma, Bidens pilosa. (inyabarasanya), Crassocephalum bumbense (ikyunamyi), Ageratum conyzoides (inkuruba), (?) uruheza, heat the mixture, then rub on the wound and the perimeter.
H(004) wound, crumple together and triturated the plants: (?) igichunshu + Ageratum conyzoides (kaziraruguma) + Bidens pilosa (inyabarasanya) + Cucumis sp. (umushishiro), Crassocephalum bumbense (ikyunamyi, liturgical name of igifuraninda).Juice, mixed with a little water, used for pressing the periphery of the wound
Region : Central Africa
Country : Rwanda
Vernacular name : inkuruba (Kinyarwanda)
Aloe sp.
Official name : Aloe sp.
Family : Asphodelaceae
Symptoms : H(051)
Recipes : H(051) paludism, macerating pepper pods Capsicum annuum (urusenda), dried in a half cup of water. Soak, crushing, squeezing, filtering in some herbs and give drink in the morning and prepare a small boiled sorghum ; give a cup. Later in the day, administer the following composition : 1 leaf Aloe sp. (igikakarubamba) ; 1 handful of leaves of Leucas sp. (akanyamapfundo) (yet known rutenderi) ; 1 handful of leaves of Erigeron sumatrensis (wambuba) ; 1 handful of leaves of Guizotia scabra (igishikashike); 1 large handful of leaves of Lantana salvifolia (umuhengeri) ; 2 carrots with the size of the finger of Rumex bequaertii (nyiramuko). Crush all. The marc is poured into a bowl containing a little water. Twist, mix, squeeze out the juice. Drink a cup occasionally. The next day, the leaves of Coleus aromaticus (umuravumba) and of Vernonia amygdalina (umubirizi), are crushed; the juice is mixed with a small slurry sorghum. After three or four days there will a cupping application on scarification
Region : Central Africa
Country : Rwanda
Vernacular name : igikakarubamba (Kinyarwanda)
Althaea rosea Cav.
Official name : Althaea rosea Cav.
Family : Malvaceae
Symptoms : H(004), H(041)
Recipes : H(004) wound: Very active remedy leaves of Althaea rosea (ruberwa) are crushed. The puree is spread on the wound. Bandage, but loose, as the remedy is irritating.
H(041) anthrax. called ikirashi, ikigatura, igikacha (carbonaceous anthrax) The pounded leaves are used to Althaea rosea (ruberwa), crushed, applied compressive bead on anthrax. Renewed after a few hourss Then use the leaves of a flower bush (?) (umunyabututu) ; crushed, are applied on the wound. Or the plant (?) ’umukumra growing on termite mounds : uses finely crushed roots. After debridement by Althaea rosea (ruberwa), is used powder laterite umukurwe and gladiolus Gladiolus psittacinus. (karungu),or powder of egg scales. Forest pêople sprinkle sawdust.
Region : Central Africa
Country : Rwanda
Vernacular name : ruberwa (Kinyarwanda)
Asparagus sp.
Official name : Asparagus sp.
Family : Asparagaceae
Symptoms : V(041)
Recipes : Vb(041) blackleg livestock (ubutaka bwa nyamukuka or umubagabaga, umutagara), or symptomatic anthrax or ubutaka bwa nyamukanura, rapid anthrax, presumably acute bacterium anthrax: autre healing method: pulverized coals cooled from the plants ; Acanthus montanus (ibitovu (igitovu?)) , Asparagus sp. (imishabishabi), Achyranthes aspera (umuhurura). Incisions on swelling and spitting on wounds. Using his finger, insert the powder and top with fresh butter
Region : Central Africa
Country : Rwanda
Vernacular name : imishabishabi (Kinyarwanda)
Asteracantha longifolia (L.) Nees
Official name : Asteracantha longifolia (L.) Nees
Family : Acanthaceae
Symptoms : H(100), H(173)
Recipes : H(100) gonorrhea (imitezi ), Treatment: leaves or roots of Gallium sp. (umukararambwe), with leaves of Asteracantha longifolia. (bugangabukari) cooked with roots of Urtica dioica (igisura) : add berry of Solanum aculeastrum (umutobotobo) Cook all and use the liquid as enema
H(173) leprosy (ibibembe) (sometimes confused with certain skin conditions) Remedy made from fresh plants, triturated, crushed. The juice is lying water; you drink in a day Plants used : Hypodematium aff. (gingwijana), (?) umuharakûko, Chenopodium opulifolium (umugombe), Lysimachia ruhmeriana (umuyobora), Cogniauxia sp. (umutanga), (?) ishyoza, Clerondendron sp. (umukuzanyana), Thunbergia alata (gisayura), Lantana salvifolia (umuhengeri), Brillantaisia cicatricosa (ikirôgora), Asteracantha longifolia (bugangabukari), Rhoicissus erythroides (umumara)
Region : Central Africa
Country : Rwanda
Vernacular name : bugangabukari (Kinyarwanda)
Berkheya spekeana Oliv.
Official name : Berkheya spekeana Oliv.
Family : Asteraceae
Symptoms : V(041)
Recipes : Vb(041) blackleg livestock (ubutaka bwa nyamukuka or umubagabaga, umutagara), or symptomatic anthrax or ubutaka bwa nyamukanura, rapid anthrax, presumably acute bacterium anthrax: curative vaccine with the plants Berkheya spekeana (ikwarara (ikigwarara)), (?) igikongeri, Acanthus montanus (igitovu) and Rubus inedulis (umukeri), with soot and fresh butter. Incisions are made on the right shoulder of each animal, including sheep, starting with the oldest and by using the the owner knife . Using the right atrial "agahera" introduce the vaccine in wounds
Region : Central Africa
Country : Rwanda
Vernacular name : ikwarara (Kinyarwanda)
Bidens pilosa L.
Official name : Bidens pilosa L.
Family : Asteraceae
Symptoms : H(004)
Recipes : H(004) wound by spear or arrow: Remove the foreign body. Cauterize the wound by introducing a smaller blade white hot drop over the old rancid butter aged two or three years, who liquefying flows into the wound. Crumple leaves of (?) itôma, Bidens pilosa. (inyabarasanya), Crassocephalum bumbense (ikyunamyi), Ageratum conyzoides (inkuruba), (?) uruheza, heat the mixture, puis fomenter longuement sur la wound and lepourtour.
H(004) wound, crushed leaves of Ageratum conyzoides (kaziraruguma) or Bidens pilosa (inyabarasanya), of the edible gourd (igisusa kÿinkyungwane) , Crassocephalum rubens (igifuraninda), (?) umuryanyoni, make a ball which is strongly pressed on the wound and its surroundings, this to prevent swelling
H(004) wound, crumple together and triturated the plants: (?) igichunshu + Ageratum conyzoides (kaziraruguma) + Bidens pilosa (inyabarasanya) + Cucumis sp. (umushishiro), Crassocephalum bumbense (ikyunamyi, liturgical name of igifuraninda).Juice, mixed with a little water, used for pressing the periphery of the wound
Region : Central Africa
Country : Rwanda
Vernacular name : inyabarasanya (Kinyarwanda)
Blumea sp.
Official name : Blumea sp.
Family : Asteraceae
Symptoms : H(100)
Recipes : H(100) gonorrhea (imitezi), cook at berry of (?) umurembe or (?) karemba, with leaves, of (?) umususa ; employs the hot liquid to wash contaminated parts, using a torch section from a hollow rod nettle. Can be replaced this liquid by a decoction of (?) ubushohêra and of Blumea sp. (idôma) also in washing
Region : Central Africa
Country : Rwanda
Vernacular name : idôma (Kinyarwanda)
Brillantaisia cicatricosa Lindau.
Official name : Brillantaisia cicatricosa Lindau.
Family : Acanthaceae
Symptoms : H(173)
Recipes : H(173) leprosy (ibibembe) (sometimes confused with certain skin conditions) Remedy made from fresh plants, triturated, crushed. The juice is lying water; you drink in a day Plants used : Hypodematium aff. (gingwijana), (?) umuharakûko, Chenopodium opulifolium (umugombe), Lysimachia ruhmeriana (umuyobora), Cogniauxia sp. (umutanga), (?) ishyoza, Clerondendron sp. (umukuzanyana), Thunbergia alata (gisayura), Lantana salvifolia (umuhengeri), Brillantaisia cicatricosa (ikirôgora), Asteracantha longifolia (bugangabukari), Rhoicissus erythroides (umumara)
Region : Central Africa
Country : Rwanda
Vernacular name : ikirôgora (Kinyarwanda)
Canna sp.
Official name : Canna sp.
Family : Cannaceae
Symptoms : H(202)
Recipes : H(202) beauty cream (amadahano ou imbiribiri):.The preparation of the ointment is a matter for specialists. the various ingredients are collected many of which are rare. The seeds, roots and herbs are carefully dried in the sun, then stored in a special calabash. Canna sp. (amadehe) or amadihe: very hard seeds - Monechma subsessile (imibazi), ripe seeds - (?) biskyete, use white rhizomes - (?) inyakabanda,emploi des rhizomes blancs - Hagenia abyssinica (umugeshi), fragments of the trunk and roots peels - Symphonia globulifera (umushishi), fragments of the trunk and roots peels - (?) ishangi, fragments of the trunk and roots peels and use of resin - Piptadenia buchanani (umugereko), fragments of the trunk and roots peels - (?) umushuguno, tree of the volcanic regions whose odorous principle is found in the roots. - Fagara sp. (umusagavu) of root pieces were heated and held in the manner of a wax stick ; it follows an aromatic sap (amarirangege) - tinder very fragrant : ikigurwamutima (kugura of: being bought and umutima: heart). It adds the juice of the shrub inkâta.After a long process a cream is harvested in squash reserved for this purpose. As the need arises, we fee a bit in small wooden vessels called imikondo. H(202) beauty cream An operation somewhat similar occurs among farmers Abahutu,costly aromatics are replaced by fragrant roots of Rubus inedulis. (imikeri) (umukeri?) or herbs like Eragrostis flaminggi (ishinge), and by Papyrus sp. (umujunzo) with wild mint and (?) inkurume.
Region : Central Africa
Country : Rwanda
Vernacular name : amadehe (Kinyarwanda)
Capsicum annuum L.
Official name : Capsicum annuum L.
Family : Solanaceae
Synonyms : Capsicum frutescens L.
Symptoms : H(001), H(051)
Recipes : H(001) one whose sight has weakened: The old rancid butter of one year at least, used to roast a pod of Capsicum annuum (urusenda) in a shard .The powder mixed with a bit of fresh butter is applied on the eyes at night.
H(051) paludism, macerating pepper pods Capsicum annuum (urusenda), dried in a half cup of water. Soak, crushing, squeezing, filtering in some herbs and give drink in the morning and prepare a small boiled sorghum ; give a cup. Later in the day, administer the following composition : 1 leaf Aloe sp. (igikakarubamba) ; 1 handful of leaves of Leucas sp. (akanyamapfundo) (yet known rutenderi) ; 1 handful of leaves of Erigeron sumatrensis (wambuba) ; 1 handful of leaves of Guizotia scabra (igishikashike); 1 large handful of leaves of Lantana salvifolia (umuhengeri) ; 2 carrots with the size of the finger of Rumex bequaertii (nyiramuko). Crush all. The marc is poured into a bowl containing a little water. Twist, mix, squeeze out the juice. Drink a cup occasionally. The next day, the leaves of Coleus aromaticus (umuravumba) and of Vernonia amygdalina (umubirizi), are crushed; the juice is mixed with a small slurry sorghum. After three or four days there will a cupping application on scarification
Region : Central Africa
Country : Rwanda
Vernacular name : urusenda (Kinyarwanda)
Carapa grandiflora Sprague
Official name : Carapa grandiflora Sprague
Family : Meliaceae
Symptoms : H(004)
Recipes : H(004) wound: Choose specimens from the valley of Carapa grandiflora (umushwati) and (?) umushwarita . The crushed leaves are placed on the wound
Region : Central Africa
Country : Rwanda
Vernacular name : umushwati (Kinyarwanda)
Cassia didymobotrya Fres.
Official name : Cassia didymobotrya Fres.
Family : Fabaceae
Synonyms : Senna didymobotrya (Fresen) Irwin & Barneby
Symptoms : H(001), H(037), H(076)
Recipes : H(001) one whose sight has weakened : poud leaves of Cassia didymobotrya (umubagabaga).. The juice is allowed to warm in a pot with water. The patient covered with a blanket (formerly a fabric of Ficus) leans over this steam wich irritates her eyes and made sweat profusely
H(037) bronchitis, H(037) cough, juice of leaves of Cassia didymobotrya + some fresh cow milk ; VO.
H(076) mouth ulcers and thrush, crush leaves of Cassia didymobotrya (umubagabaga) the filtered juice is poured into the milk of a cow without horns; wash the wounds
Region : Central Africa
Country : Rwanda
Vernacular name : umubagabaga (Kinyarwanda)
Cassia didymobotrya Fres.
Official name : Cassia didymobotrya Fres.
Family : Fabaceae
Synonyms : Senna didymobotrya (Fresen) Irwin & Barneby
Symptoms : V(041)
Recipes : Vb(041) blackleg livestock (ubutaka bwa nyamukuka or umubagabaga, umutagara), or symptomatic anthrax or ubutaka bwa nyamukanura, rapid anthrax, presumably acute bacterium anthrax: healing method. Cook in a little water until scum appears from the following plants Cassia didymobotrya.(umubagabaga) and Crassocephalum multicorymbosum (umutagara) . Reach the hand into the rectum to remove the dungs, then push the hand forward to help the medicine to flow into the intestine
Region : Central Africa
Country : Rwanda
Vernacular name : umubagabaga (Kinyarwanda)
Cassia sp.
Official name : Cassia sp.
Family : Fabaceae
Synonyms : Senna sp.
Symptoms : H(020x)
Recipes : H(020x) the bees, prevention you cover with a leafy branch Cassia sp. (umuchyuro) and to make them vindictive, for example again thieves, is placed at the entrance of the hive, 2 leaves of Coleus aromaticus (umuravumba)
Region : Central Africa
Country : Rwanda
Vernacular name : umuchyuro (Kinyarwanda)
Celosia trigyna L.
Official name : Celosia trigyna L.
Family : Amaranthaceae
Symptoms : H(068)
Recipes : H(068) taenia: Pound, crush the whole plant of Celosia trigyna (umuchungwe), macerate for a few days in banana beer. Drink in the morning and during the day.
Region : Central Africa
Country : Rwanda
Vernacular name : umuchungwe (Kinyarwanda)
Chenopodium opulifolium Schrad. ex W.D.J. Koch & Ziz.
Official name : Chenopodium opulifolium Schrad. ex W.D.J. Koch & Ziz.
Family : Chenopodiaceae
Symptoms : H(068), H(091), H(173)
Recipes : H(068) ascaris lumbricoides: Dry the seeds of Chenopodium opulifolium (umugombe), crush; mix with a little eleusine. Prepare a slurry that children eat twice in the morning
H(091) loss of weight, Crush, grind the following plants : Kalanchoe beniensis (ireke), Chenopodium opulifolium (umugombe), (?) rugara, (?) umuchyuro, (?) umubogobogo, (?) ikigembe.Add to juice a bowl full of banana beer with a little water; drink for two consecutive days.
H(173) leprosy (ibibembe) (sometimes confused with certain skin conditions) Remedy made from fresh plants, triturated, crushed. The juice is lying water; you drink in a day Plants used : Hypodematium aff. (gingwijana), (?) umuharakûko, Chenopodium opulifolium (umugombe), Lysimachia ruhmeriana (umuyobora), Cogniauxia sp. (umutanga), (?) ishyoza, Clerondendron sp. (umukuzanyana), Thunbergia alata (gisayura), Lantana salvifolia (umuhengeri), Brillantaisia cicatricosa (ikirôgora), Asteracantha longifolia (bugangabukari), Rhoicissus erythroides (umumara)
Region : Central Africa
Country : Rwanda
Vernacular name : umugombe (Kinyarwanda)
Chenopodium procerum Hochst. ex Moq.
Official name : Chenopodium procerum Hochst. ex Moq.
Family : Chenopodiaceae
Symptoms : H(068)
Recipes : H(068) ascaris lumbricoides: Tie the leaves of Chenopodium procerum (umwisheke) in a green banana leaf, drop in hot ashes, then crumple, squeeze and bite. The juice is given to the child in the palm of the hand, in the morning
Region : Central Africa
Country : Rwanda
Vernacular name : umwisheke (Kinyarwanda)
Clematis hirsuta Guill. & Perr.
Official name : Clematis hirsuta Guill. & Perr.
Family : Ranunculaceae
Symptoms : H(131)
Recipes : H(131) laryngeal form of yaws (painful): leaves of Clematis hirsuta.(umunkamba) or better the roots: pound. The filtered juice is drunk in sorghum beer of one variety; drink every morning
Region : Central Africa
Country : Rwanda
Vernacular name : umunkamba (Kinyarwanda)
Clerodendrum capitatum (Willd.) Schumach.
Official name : Clerodendrum capitatum (Willd.) Schumach.
Family : Labiatae
Symptoms : H(051)
Recipes : H(051) chronic paludism: Leaves and bark of Sesbania sesban (umunyegenyege). juice of Clerodendron capitatum (ikiziranyenzi), taken in banana beer. Juice of Euphorbia ingens (euphorbia candelabrum) (ikiduha) , ikyiha) taken from cow blood. Juice of leaves of Crassocephalum multicorymbosum (umutagara) warmed in the sun, diluted with water : sudorific energetic, nausea, vomiting. It is said that this remedy is dangerous
Region : Central Africa
Country : Rwanda
Vernacular name : ikiziranyenzi (Kinyarwanda)
Clerodendrum sp.
Official name : Clerodendrum sp.
Family : Labiatae
Symptoms : H(173)
Recipes : H(173) leprosy (ibibembe) (sometimes confused with certain skin conditions) Remedy made from fresh plants, triturated, crushed. The juice is lying water; you drink in a day Plants used : Hypodematium aff. (gingwijana), (?) umuharakûko, Chenopodium opulifolium (umugombe), Lysimachia ruhmeriana (umuyobora), Cogniauxia sp. (umutanga), (?) ishyoza, Clerondendron sp. (umukuzanyana), Thunbergia alata (gisayura), Lantana salvifolia (umuhengeri), Brillantaisia cicatricosa (ikirôgora), Asteracantha longifolia (bugangabukari), Rhoicissus erythroides (umumara)
Region : Central Africa
Country : Rwanda
Vernacular name : umukuzanyana (Kinyarwanda)
Cogniauxia sp.
Official name : Cogniauxia sp.
Family : Cucurbitaceae
Symptoms : H(100), H(173)
Recipes : H(100) gonorrhea (imitezi ),: roots Cogniauxia sp. (umutanga) , grind, soak for an hour in cold water, squeeze, extract the juice that will be mixed with a banana beer calabash; drink two cups a day. Leaf juice can be added of Cucumis sp. (umushishiro) and give an enema
H(100) gonorrhea (imitezi ), juice of Cogniauxia.sp.(umutanga) + cow urine, taken in drink: causes diarrhea and relieves back pain in man
H(173) leprosy (ibibembe) (sometimes confused with certain skin conditions) Remedy made from fresh plants, triturated, crushed. The juice is lying water; you drink in a day Plants used : Hypodematium aff. (gingwijana), (?) umuharakûko, Chenopodium opulifolium (umugombe), Lysimachia ruhmeriana (umuyobora), Cogniauxia sp. (umutanga), (?) ishyoza, Clerondendron sp. (umukuzanyana), Thunbergia alata (gisayura), Lantana salvifolia (umuhengeri), Brillantaisia cicatricosa (ikirôgora), Asteracantha longifolia (bugangabukari), Rhoicissus erythroides (umumara)
Region : Central Africa
Country : Rwanda
Vernacular name : umutanga (Kinyarwanda)
Coleus aromaticus Benth.
Official name : Coleus aromaticus Benth.
Family : Lamiaceae
Symptoms : H(013), H(020x), H(051), H(068), H(086)
Recipes : H(013) dartre: vigorously clean with leaves of Coleus aromaticus (umuravumba) soaked in water. Then anoint ointment prepared as follows: fragments crushed tile + rancid butter. Daily anointing using this ointment
H(020x) the bees, prevention you cover with a leafy branch Cassia sp. (umuchyuro) and to make them vindictive, for example again thieves, is placed at the entrance of the hive, 2 leaves of Coleus aromaticus (umuravumba)
H(051) paludism: leaves of Vernonia arbustif (umubirizi) ; leaves of Markhamia platycalyx (umusave); leaves of Coleus aromaticus. The juice is mixed with water and heated in the sun. VO. 1 cup
H(051) paludism: juice of the roots of Rumex bequaertii (nyiramuko) diluted with water, of (?) bambuba, of Indigofera sp. (umusororo). add the juice of leaves of Coleus aromaticus (umuravumba). Take with a sorghum porridge
H(051) paludism, macerating pepper pods Capsicum annuum (urusenda), dried in a half cup of water. Soak, crushing, squeezing, filtering in some herbs and give drink in the morning and prepare a small boiled sorghum ; give a cup. Later in the day, administer the following composition : 1 leaf Aloe sp. (igikakarubamba) ; 1 handful of leaves of Leucas sp. (akanyamapfundo) (yet known rutenderi) ; 1 handful of leaves of Erigeron sumatrensis (wambuba) ; 1 handful of leaves of Guizotia scabra (igishikashike); 1 large handful of leaves of Lantana salvifolia (umuhengeri) ; 2 carrots with the size of the finger of Rumex bequaertii (nyiramuko). Crush all. The marc is poured into a bowl containing a little water. Twist, mix, squeeze out the juice. Drink a cup occasionally. The next day, the leaves of Coleus aromaticus (umuravumba) and of Vernonia amygdalina (umubirizi), are crushed; the juice is mixed with a small slurry sorghum. After three or four days there will a cupping application
H(068) amoebic dysentery (amachyinya), rein forest area, (amatebura), extract the juice of leaves of Coleus aromaticus; heat with rancid butter ; take two or three tablespoons twice a day.
H(068) amoebic dysentery (amachyinya), cook lightly salted with salt marsh butter; add a kind of red beans Phaseolus sp. (inkori), and skin scrapings Inkuru, this fight for the formation of debris membranes With this butter, eat sorghum dough, the cooking water will contain reddish juice of Ficus ingens (umutabataba), and Rumex (umujumba) aux reddish carrots.
H(068) amoebic dysentery (amachyinya),enemas with goat milk with water who spent the night in the hut
.H(068) amoebic dysentery (amachyinya), picking small berries of (?) igitagarasoryo; they must be very mature and very red. Crush, add salt marshes ; cooked in a little water and eat like paste.
H(068) amoebic dysentery (amachyinya), leaves of (?) ikivuzo ou ikivutso; crush, pound. To the juice, add water and rancid butter; cook until obtaining firm porridge. Sweeten with honey
H(068) dysentery (amachyinya), erythrine coral bark with beans and (?) ishyoza plants and (?) ikivutso. Cook with some water and butter. Eat with honey.
H(068) dysentery (amachyinya), pound all of the leaves of (?) ikivuzo, with whole plants of (?) ishyoza and of (?) kazibanyo. To the juice, add honey or butter
H(086) acute adenitis of the groin(Isumbi) To prevent the ill reaches inside the belly, are administered depuratives with the plants Coleus aromaticus.(umuravumba) and Rumex bequaertii (nyiramuko).
H(155) tonsillitis : Enjoy an hot sorghum porridge with the juice of Coleus aromaticus (umuravumba). Grill the berry inside of Coleus sp. (umuchunshu) ; clean the throat with this spicy remedy
Region : Central Africa
Country : Rwanda
Vernacular name : umuravumba (Kinyarwanda)
Coleus sp.
Official name : Coleus sp.
Family : Lamiaceae
Symptoms : H(051)
Recipes : H(051) chronic paludism: juice of leaves of (?) ichyumwa ; ditto (?) nkurimwonga ; ditto Coleus sp. (igichunshu) Peels roots (?) irarire well pounded.
H(155) tonsillitis: Eating hot sorghum porridge with the juice of Coleus aromaticus (umuravumba). Grill inside a bay of Coleus sp. (umuchunshu) ; clean the throat with this spicy remedy
Region : Central Africa
Country : Rwanda
Vernacular name : igichunshu (Kinyarwanda)
Conyza sumatrensis (Retz.) E.K. Walker
Official name : Conyza sumatrensis (Retz.) E.K. Walker
Family : Asteraceae
Synonyms : Erigeron sumatrensis Retz.
Symptoms : H(051)
Recipes : H(051) paludism, macerating pepper pods Capsicum annuum (urusenda), dried in a half cup of water. Soak, crushing, squeezing, filtering in some herbs and give drink in the morning and prepare a small boiled sorghum ; give a cup. Later in the day, administer the following composition : 1 leaf Aloe sp. (igikakarubamba) ; 1 handful of leaves of Leucas sp. (akanyamapfundo) (yet known rutenderi) ; 1 handful of leaves of Erigeron sumatrensis (wambuba) ; 1 handful of leaves of Guizotia scabra (igishikashike); 1 large handful of leaves of Lantana salvifolia (umuhengeri) ; 2 carrots with the size of the finger of Rumex bequaertii (nyiramuko). Crush all. The marc is poured into a bowl containing a little water. Twist, mix, squeeze out the juice. Drink a cup occasionally. The next day, the leaves of Coleus aromaticus (umuravumba) and of Vernonia amygdalina (umubirizi), are crushed; the juice is mixed with a small slurry sorghum. After three or four days there will a cupping application
Region : Central Africa
Country : Rwanda
Vernacular name : wambuba (Kinyarwanda)
Crassocephalum bumbense S. Moore
Official name : Crassocephalum bumbense S. Moore
Family : Asteraceae
Synonyms : Crassocephalum montuosum (S. Moore) Milne-Redh.
Symptoms : H(004)
Recipes : H(004) wound by spear or arrow: Remove the foreign body. Cauterize the wound by introducing a smaller blade white hot drop over the old rancid butter aged two or three years, who liquefying flows into the wound. Crumple leaves of (?) itôma, Bidens pilosa. (inyabarasanya), Crassocephalum bumbense (ikyunamyi), Ageratum conyzoides (inkuruba), (?) uruheza, heat the mixture, puis fomenter longuement sur la wound and lepourtour.
H(004) wound: Plante entiè of Crassocephalum bumbense (Ikyunamyi,nom liturgique of l'igifuraninda) ; triturer with un peu d’eau pour obtenir une purée consistante. Tamponner légèrement la blessure au moyen du paquet ramolli ; y exercer une pression with le paquet froid.. Recommencer plusieurs fois. Ne pas couvrir
H(004) wound, sécher au-dessus du feu la plante entière of Crassocephalum bumbense (igifuraninda) ; crush les leaves, en saupoudrer la blessure
H(004) wound, crumple together and triturated the plants: (?) igichunshu + Ageratum conyzoides (kaziraruguma) + Bidens pilosa (inyabarasanya) + Cucumis sp. (umushishiro), Crassocephalum bumbense (ikyunamyi, liturgical name of igifuraninda).Juice, mixed with a little water, used for pressing the periphery of the wound
Region : Central Africa
Country : Rwanda
Vernacular name : ikyunamyi,nom liturgique de l'igifuraninda (Kinyarwanda)
Crassocephalum mannii (Hook.f.) Milne-Redh.
Official name : Crassocephalum mannii (Hook.f.) Milne-Redh.
Family : Asteraceae
Synonyms : Crassocephalum multicorymbosum (Klatt) S. Moore , Solanecio mannii (Hook. f.) C. Jeffrey
Symptoms : H(051), H(111)
Recipes : H(051) chronic paludism: Leaves and bark of Sesbania sesban (umunyegenyege). juice of Clerodendron capitatum (ikiziranyenzi), taken in banana beer. Juice of Euphorbia ingens (euphorbia candelabrum) (ikiduha) , ikyiha) taken from cow blood. Juice of leaves of Crassocephalum multicorymbosum (umutagara) warmed in the sun, diluted with water : sudorific energetic, nausea, vomiting. It is said that this remedy is dangerous
H(111) burning, wrinkling, squeezing leaves of the plant "which extinguishes fire" Crassocephalum multicorymbosum (ikizimyamuriro= umutagara); put the broth in a pot shard. Flaming an old reed one and mix the powder extract Thicken on the fire and put salve on the burn, without cover.
Region : Central Africa
Country : Rwanda
Vernacular name : ikizimyamuriro, umutagara (Kinyarwanda)
Crassocephalum mannii (Hook.f.) Milne-Redh.
Official name : Crassocephalum mannii (Hook.f.) Milne-Redh.
Family : Asteraceae
Synonyms : Crassocephalum multicorymbosum (Klatt) S. Moore , Solanecio mannii (Hook. f.) C. Jeffrey
Symptoms : V(041)
Recipes : Vb(041) blackleg livestock (ubutaka bwa nyamukuka or umubagabaga, umutagara), or symptomatic anthrax or ubutaka bwa nyamukanura, rapid anthrax, presumably acute bacterium anthrax: healing method. Cook in a little water until scum appears from the following plants Cassia didymobotrya.(umubagabaga) and Crassocephalum multicorymbosum (umutagara) . Reach the hand into the rectum to remove the dungs, then push the hand forward to help the medicine to flow into the intestine
Region : Central Africa
Country : Rwanda
Vernacular name : umutagara (Kinyarwanda)
Crassocephalum picridifolium (DC.) S. Moore
Official name : Crassocephalum picridifolium (DC.) S. Moore
Family : Asteraceae
Symptoms : H(051)
Recipes : H(051) fièvre récurente: decoction marigold flowers Crassocephalum picridifolium (umusununu), one cup per day. Against eye complications that frequently accompany the African relapsing fever, the traditional healer makes it cautery or suction around the eye
Region : Central Africa
Country : Rwanda
Vernacular name : umusununu (Kinyarwanda)
Crassocephalum rubens (Juss. ex Jacq.) Moore
Official name : Crassocephalum rubens (Juss. ex Jacq.) Moore
Family : Asteraceae
Symptoms : H(004)
Recipes : H(004) wound, crushed leaves of Ageratum conyzoides (kaziraruguma) or Bidens pilosa (inyabarasanya), of the edible gourd (igisusa kÿinkyungwane) , Crassocephalum rubens (igifuraninda), (?) umuryanyoni, make a ball which is strongly pressed on the wound and its surroundings, this to prevent swelling (avec paroles incantatoires). The pellet of bloodied sheets is then launched in the direction of the setting sun
Region : Central Africa
Country : Rwanda
Vernacular name : igifuraninda (Kinyarwanda)
Cucumis sp.
Official name : Cucumis sp.
Family : Cucurbitaceae
Symptoms : H(004), H(014), H(068), H(100), H(131), H(158)
Recipes : H(004) wound: crushed leaves of Cucumis sp. (umushishiro) used to wash wounds.
H(004) wound, crumple together and triturated the plants: (?) igichunshu + Ageratum conyzoides (kaziraruguma) + Bidens pilosa (inyabarasanya) + Cucumis sp. (umushishiro), Crassocephalum bumbense (ikyunamyi, liturgical name of igifuraninda).Juice, mixed with a little water, used for pressing the periphery of the wound
H(014) intertrigo, dermatitis: wash lesions juice of Cucumis sp.(umushishiro) with warm water. Crush a green sorghum ear of corn with water, by chewing a bite and spit on intertrigo.
H(068) ascaris lumbricoides: grind the whole plan Cucumis sp. (umushishiro). Take the juice mixed with milk
H(100) gonorrhea (imitezi ),: roots Cogniauxia sp. ('umutanga) , grind, soak for an hour in cold water, squeeze out the juice will be mixed with a banana beer calabash ;drink two cups a day. Can be added the juice of leaves of Cucumis sp. (umushishiro) and give an enema
H(131) laryngeal form of yaws (painful): juice of the following plants : Cucumis sp. (umushishiro), Sonchus sp. (rurira), (?) umurwamporo, with water.
H(158) metrorrhagia, Cook leaves and peels of (?) umusarenda with reddish roots of Rumex maderensis (umufumbageshi).; add cow's bloode, to swallow this mixture by the woman and place it as compress to the vulva. The patient will spend two days in bed and then administer the juice of crushed leaves of Cucumis sp. (umushishiro)
Region : Central Africa
Country : Rwanda
Vernacular name : umushishiro (Kinyarwanda)
Cyathula globulifera Moq.
Official name : Cyathula globulifera Moq.
Family : Amaranthaceae
Symptoms : H(004)
Recipes : H(004) wound, leaves of Cyathula globulifera (igifashi), crushed, wrapped in a green banana leaf ; the injured sprinkles all of his urine.
Region : Central Africa
Country : Rwanda
Vernacular name : igifashi (Kinyarwanda)
Cynodon dactylon (L.) Pers.
Official name : Cynodon dactylon (L.) Pers.
Family : Poaceae
Symptoms : H(002x)
Recipes : H(002x) stop lactation, decreased milk production, then stopped by a creeping grass Cynodon dactylon (umuchacha) she embraces her chest by passing under the armpits.
Region : Central Africa
Country : Rwanda
Vernacular name : umuchacha (Kinyarwanda)
Datura stramonium L.
Official name : Datura stramonium L.
Family : Solanaceae
Symptoms : H(126)
Recipes : H(126) liver (may be due to possession by spirits of the dead or bewitchment): Use of Datura stramonium (rwiziringa nicknamed umutîbwa). Crush the leaves in banana beer; give half a cup around nine in the morning for three or four consecutive days. when cure is announced, crushing plant (?) gasalho, cook in water, let stand overnight. In the morning, administered once in a cup of milk; it follows diarrhea and vomiting. If healing is incomplete, giving the juice of crushed roots of (?) umuretezaho and of Entada abyssinica (umusange)
Region : Central Africa
Country : Rwanda
Vernacular name : rwiziringa (Kinyarwanda)
Dicoma anomala Sond.
Official name : Dicoma anomala Sond.
Family : Asteraceae
Symptoms : H(037)
Recipes : H(037) bronchitis, H(037) cough, VO. juice of leaves of the plant of Dicoma anomala (umwanzuranya), with a little water
Region : Central Africa
Country : Rwanda
Vernacular name : umwanzuranya (Kinyarwanda)
Dracaena afromontana Mildbr.
Official name : Dracaena afromontana Mildbr.
Family : Dracaenaceae
Symptoms : H(068)
Recipes : H(068) ascaris lumbricoides: Crush the leaves of Dracaena afro-montana (muhati), the juice with milk is poured into a jar. Drinking in the morning.
Region : Central Africa
Country : Rwanda
Vernacular name : muhati (Kinyarwanda)
Dracaena steudneri Engl.
Official name : Dracaena steudneri Engl.
Family : Dracaenaceae
Synonyms : Dracaena papahu Engl.
Symptoms : H(131)
Recipes : H(131) laryngeal form of yaws (painful): crush leaves of Dracaena papahu (igihondohondo) ; drink the juice with a little water.
Region : Central Africa
Country : Rwanda
Vernacular name : igihondohondo (Kinyarwanda)
Dryopteris pentheri (Krasser) C.Chr.
Official name : Dryopteris pentheri (Krasser) C.Chr.
Family : Dryopteridaceae
Symptoms : H(068)
Recipes : H(068) taenia: Crush all the bitter leaves (?) ibishikashike ou of Leonotis nepetaefolia (igichumuchumu) ; filtrer. The juice is poured into a shard ; we add a little salt and black smoke, and a handful of pumpkin seeds. Allow an hour contact and deposit on fire to break seed. We have prepared a paste of old sorghum. We consume alternately seeds and paste, usually at night. The next day, about nine o'clock, prepare mashed vegetables, leaves of usual squash and small pumpkins (imbogeri) etc.. This light vegetarian diet will allow the evacuation of the worm. If unsuccessful, use the fern Dryopteris pentheri (irâba). The irâba fern powder can be mixed with warm milk.
Region : Central Africa
Country : Rwanda
Vernacular name : irâba (Kinyarwanda)
Entada abyssinica Steud. ex A. Rich.
Official name : Entada abyssinica Steud. ex A. Rich.
Family : Fabaceae
Symptoms : V(041)
Recipes : Vb(041) blackleg livestock (ubutaka bwa nyamukuka or umubagabaga, umutagara), or symptomatic anthrax or ubutaka bwa nyamukanura, rapid anthrax, presumably acute bacterium anthrax: autre healing method: : prepare a decoction of Entada abyssinica (umusange) and (?) umuretezaho. Pour some into an ear on one side, the nostril on the opposite side and in the mouth.
Region : Central Africa
Country : Rwanda
Vernacular name : umusange (Kinyarwanda)
Eragrostis flamignii De Wild
Official name : Eragrostis flamignii De Wild
Family : Poaceae
Symptoms : H(202)
Recipes : H(202) beauty cream (amadahano ou imbiribiri):.The preparation of the ointment is a matter for specialists. the various ingredients are collected many of which are rare. The seeds, roots and herbs are carefully dried in the sun, then stored in a special calabash. Canna sp. (amadehe) or amadihe: very hard seeds - Monechma subsessile (imibazi), ripe seeds - (?) biskyete, use white rhizomes - (?) inyakabanda,emploi des rhizomes blancs - Hagenia abyssinica (umugeshi), fragments of the trunk and roots peels - Symphonia globulifera (umushishi), fragments of the trunk and roots peels - (?) ishangi, fragments of the trunk and roots peels and use of resin - Piptadenia buchanani (umugereko), fragments of the trunk and roots peels - (?) umushuguno, tree of the volcanic regions whose odorous principle is found in the roots. - Fagara sp. (umusagavu) of root pieces were heated and held in the manner of a wax stick ; it follows an aromatic sap (amarirangege) - tinder very fragrant : ikigurwamutima kugura of: being bought and umutima: heart. It adds the juice of the shrub inkâta.After a long process a cream is harvested in squash reserved for this purpose. As the need arises, we fee a bit in small wooden vessels called imikondo. H(202) beauty cream An operation somewhat similar occurs among farmers Abahutu,costly aromatics are replaced by fragrant roots of Rubus inedulis. (imikeri) (umukeri?) or herbs like Eragrostis flaminggi (ishinge), and by Papyrus sp. (umujunzo) with wild mint and (?) inkurume.
Region : Central Africa
Country : Rwanda
Vernacular name : ishinge (Kinyarwanda)
Eriosema sp.
Official name : Eriosema sp.
Family : Fabaceae
Symptoms : H(075)
Recipes : H(075) athrepsia child =ingonga , Cook all the leaves of (?) kamaramahano, of Triumfetta rhomboidea (umushyigura), of Eriosema sp. (umupfunyantoki), of Ludwigia prostrata (umuzigangore) , (?) ikirôgôra, with roots of (?) umukuzanyanya. The juice, cooked and filtered, is given to the child.
H(075) athrepsia child =ingonga , sap of (?) umuckura, mixed with fresh milk and give the morning before feeding.
H(075) athrepsia child =ingonga,administer enemas of boiled juice of (?) umuhire
Region : Central Africa
Country : Rwanda
Vernacular name : umupfunyantoki (Kinyarwanda)
Euphorbia ingens E.Mey. ex Boiss.
Official name : Euphorbia ingens E.Mey. ex Boiss.
Family : Euphorbiaceae
Symptoms : H(051), H(100)
Recipes : H(051) chronic paludism: Leaves and bark of Sesbania sesban (umunyegenyege). juice of Clerodendron capitatum (ikiziranyenzi), taken in banana beer. Juice of Euphorbia ingens (euphorbia candelabrum) (ikiduha) , ikyiha) taken from cow blood. Juice of leaves of Crassocephalum multicorymbosum (umutagara) warmed in the sun, diluted with water : sudorific energetic, nausea, vomiting. It is said that this remedy is dangerous
H(100) gonorrhea (imitezi ) : a few drops of latex Euphorbia ingens (euphorbia candelabrum) (ikiduha) , ikyiha) to take in a sorghum porridge
Region : Central Africa
Country : Rwanda
Vernacular name : ikiduha (Kinyarwanda)
Euphorbia tirucalli L.
Official name : Euphorbia tirucalli L.
Family : Euphorbiaceae
Synonyms : Euphorbia laro Drake
Symptoms : H(037)
Recipes : H(037) bronchitis, H(037) cough, chew the leaflets only of Euphorbia tirucalli (umuyenzi) ,without swallowing the waste
Region : Central Africa
Country : Rwanda
Vernacular name : umuyenzi (Kinyarwanda)
Fagara lemairei De Wild.
Official name : Fagara lemairei De Wild.
Family : Rutaceae
Symptoms : H(051)
Recipes : H(051) paludism: the hot juice of barks and leaves is drunk of Fagara lemairei (umusagwe). This remedy is very dangerous, the roots containing a deadly poison.
Region : Central Africa
Country : Rwanda
Vernacular name : umusagwe (Kinyarwanda)
Fagara sp.
Official name : Fagara sp.
Family : Rutaceae
Symptoms : H(202)
Recipes : H(202) beauty cream (amadahano ou imbiribiri):.The preparation of the ointment is a matter for specialists. the various ingredients are collected many of which are rare. The seeds, roots and herbs are carefully dried in the sun, then stored in a special calabash. Canna sp. (amadehe) or amadihe: very hard seeds - Monechma subsessile (imibazi), ripe seeds - (?) biskyete, use white rhizomes - (?) inyakabanda,emploi des rhizomes blancs - Hagenia abyssinica (umugeshi), fragments of the trunk and roots peels - Symphonia globulifera (umushishi), fragments of the trunk and roots peels - (?) ishangi, fragments of the trunk and roots peels and use of resin - Piptadenia buchanani (umugereko), fragments of the trunk and roots peels - (?) umushuguno, tree of the volcanic regions whose odorous principle is found in the roots. - Fagara sp. (umusagavu) of root pieces were heated and held in the manner of a wax stick ; it follows an aromatic sap (amarirangege) - tinder very fragrant : ikigurwamutima (kugura of: being bought and umutima: heart). It adds the juice of the shrub inkâta.After a long process a cream is harvested in squash reserved for this purpose. As the need arises, we fee a bit in small wooden vessels called imikondo. H(202) beauty cream An operation somewhat similar occurs among farmers Abahutu,costly aromatics are replaced by fragrant roots of Rubus inedulis. (imikeri) (umukeri?) or herbs like Eragrostis flaminggi (ishinge), and by Papyrus sp. (umujunzo) with wild mint and (?) inkurume.
Region : Central Africa
Country : Rwanda
Vernacular name : umusagavu (Kinyarwanda)
Ficus ingens (Miq.) Miq.
Official name : Ficus ingens (Miq.) Miq.
Family : Moraceae
Symptoms : H(068)
Recipes : H(068) amoebic dysentery (amachyinya), Cook lightly salted butter of salt marshes; add a kind of red beans Phaseolus sp. (inkori), and scrapings of skin (?) inkuru, This fight for the formation of debris of membranes who were given the name of "scrapings of guts." With this butter, eat a paste of sorghum which contain water of cooking reddish juice of Ficus ingens (umutabataba), and of the reddish carrots of Rumex sp. (umujumba)
Region : Central Africa
Country : Rwanda
Vernacular name : umutabataba (Kinyarwanda)
Ficus thonningii Blume
Official name : Ficus thonningii Blume
Family : Moraceae
Synonyms : Ficus iteophylla Miq. , Ficus burkei (Miq.) Miq.
Symptoms : H(013)
Recipes : H(013) dartre: dried leaves of Ficus thonningii (umurehe) ; knead with fresh butter; to anoint.
Region : Central Africa
Country : Rwanda
Vernacular name : umurehe (Kinyarwanda)
Gallium sp.
Official name : Gallium sp.
Family : Rubiaceae
Symptoms : H(004), H(100)
Recipes : H(004) wound, pound Gallium sp..(umukararambwe) with few water, twist, mix the juice with red copper powder. Do not cover.
H(004) wound: Use of s roots (rouges) of Gallium sp. (umukararambwe).. Crush, pound, expand on the wound to complete healing
H(100) gonorrhea (imitezi ), Treatment: leaves or roots of Gallium sp. (umukararambwe), with leaves of Asteracantha longifolia. (bugangabukari) cooked with roots of Urtica dioica (igisura) : add a berry of Solanum aculeastrum (umutobotobo) All cook and use the liquid for enema
Region : Central Africa
Country : Rwanda
Vernacular name : umukararambwe (Kinyarwanda)
Gladiolus psittacinus Hook.f.
Official name : Gladiolus psittacinus Hook.f.
Family : Iridaceae
Symptoms : H(041)
Recipes : H(041) anthrax. called ikirashi, ikigatura, igikacha (carbonaceous anthrax) The pounded leaves are used to Althaea rosea (ruberwa), crushed, applied compressive bead on anthrax. Renewed after a few hourss Then use the leaves of a flower bush (?) (umunyabututu) ; crushed, are applied on the wound. Or the plant (?) ’umukumra growing on termite mounds : uses finely crushed roots. After debridement by Althaea rosea(ruberwa), is used powder laterite umukurwe and gladiolus Gladiolus psittacinus. (karungu),or powder of egg scales. Forest pêople sprinkle sawdust.
Region : Central Africa
Country : Rwanda
Vernacular name : karungu (Kinyarwanda)
Guizotia scabra (Vis.) Chiov.
Official name : Guizotia scabra (Vis.) Chiov.
Family : Asteraceae
Symptoms : H(051)
Recipes : H(051) paludism, macerating pepper pods Capsicum annuum (urusenda), dried in a half cup of water. Soak, crushing, squeezing, filtering in some herbs and give drink in the morning and prepare a small boiled sorghum ; give a cup. Later in the day, administer the following composition : 1 leaf Aloe sp. (igikakarubamba) ; 1 handful of leaves of Leucas sp. (akanyamapfundo) (yet known rutenderi) ; 1 handful of leaves of Erigeron sumatrensis (wambuba) ; 1 handful of leaves of Guizotia scabra (igishikashike); 1 large handful of leaves of Lantana salvifolia (umuhengeri) ; 2 carrots with the size of the finger of Rumex bequaertii (nyiramuko). Crush all. The marc is poured into a bowl containing a little water. Twist, mix, squeeze out the juice. Drink a cup occasionally. The next day, the leaves of Coleus aromaticus (umuravumba) and of Vernonia amygdalina (umubirizi), are crushed; the juice is mixed with a small slurry sorghum. After three or four days there will a cupping application
Region : Central Africa
Country : Rwanda
Vernacular name : igishikashike (Kinyarwanda)
Gynandropsis gynandra (L.) Briq.
Official name : Gynandropsis gynandra (L.) Briq.
Family : Capparaceae
Synonyms : Cleome gynandra L. , Gynandropsis pentaphylla DC.
Symptoms : H(076)
Recipes : H(076) mouth ulcers and thrush: Cooking vegetables of Gynandropsis pentaphytta (isogi) with rancid butter. Anoint the sick parts in the pressing.
Region : Central Africa
Country : Rwanda
Vernacular name : isogi (Kinyarwanda)
Hagenia abyssinica (Bruce) J.F. Gmel.
Official name : Hagenia abyssinica (Bruce) J.F. Gmel.
Family : Rosaceae
Symptoms : H(202)
Recipes : H(202) beauty cream (amadahano ou imbiribiri):.The preparation of the ointment is a matter for specialists. the various ingredients are collected many of which are rare. The seeds, roots and herbs are carefully dried in the sun, then stored in a special calabash. Canna sp. (amadehe) or amadihe: very hard seeds - Monechma subsessile (imibazi), ripe seeds - (?) biskyete, use white rhizomes - (?) inyakabanda,emploi des rhizomes blancs - Hagenia abyssinica (umugeshi), fragments of the trunk and roots peels - Symphonia globulifera (umushishi), fragments of the trunk and roots peels - (?) ishangi, fragments of the trunk and roots peels and use of resin - Piptadenia buchanani (umugereko), fragments of the trunk and roots peels - (?) umushuguno, tree of the volcanic regions whose odorous principle is found in the roots. - Fagara sp. (umusagavu) of root pieces were heated and held in the manner of a wax stick ; it follows an aromatic sap (amarirangege) - tinder very fragrant : ikigurwamutima (kugura of: being bought and umutima: heart). It adds the juice of the shrub inkâta.After a long process a cream is harvested in squash reserved for this purpose. As the need arises, we fee a bit in small wooden vessels called imikondo. H(202) beauty cream An operation somewhat similar occurs among farmers Abahutu,costly aromatics are replaced by fragrant roots of Rubus inedulis. (imikeri) (umukeri?) or herbs like Eragrostis flaminggi (ishinge), and by Papyrus sp. (umujunzo) with wild mint and (?) inkurume.
Region : Central Africa
Country : Rwanda
Vernacular name : umugeshi (Kinyarwanda)
Hypodematium sp.
Official name : Hypodematium sp.
Family : Hypodematiaceae
Symptoms : H(004)
Recipes : H(004) wound::the cooking water roots of Hypodematium aff. (ngingwijana) is used for washing of the wound, while the cooked roots are used for dressing
H(173) leprosy (ibibembe) (sometimes confused with certain skin conditions) Remedy made from fresh plants, triturated, crushed. The juice is lying water; you drink in a day Plants used : Hypodematium aff. (gingwijana), (?) umuharakûko, Chenopodium opulifolium (umugombe), Lysimachia ruhmeriana (umuyobora), Cogniauxia sp. (umutanga), (?) ishyoza, Clerondendron sp. (umukuzanyana), Thunbergia alata (gisayura), Lantana salvifolia (umuhengeri), Brillantaisia cicatricosa (ikirôgora), Asteracantha longifolia (bugangabukari), Rhoicissus erythroides (umumara)
Region : Central Africa
Country : Rwanda
Vernacular name : ngingwijana (Kinyarwanda)
Indigofera sp.
Official name : Indigofera sp.
Family : Fabaceae
Symptoms : H(013), H(051), H(086), H(137)
Recipes : H(013) breast absces (umuhembe) make four scarification, apply a half-berry (?) umuchûchû, sprinkle with powder of leaves of Indigofera sp. (umusorôro), place for a moment the fruit on each incision
H(013) absces, eggplant umutoryi, or berry of ibitagarasoryo (?), ripe, crush them on the abscess formation
H(013) absces, do a few scars ; there applies a half-berry ofumuchûchû (?), coated with powder of umusoro leaves (?)
H(137) analgesic pain due to abscess, leaves of umutagara (?) ; soaked in hot water, topically two or three times daily. In the meantime, coat with good butter . Daily, pus is pressed out. After some time, is treated as an infected wound.
H(051) paludism: juice of the roots of Rumex bequaertii (nyiramuko) diluted with water, of (?) bambuba, of Indigofera sp. (umusororo). add the juice of leaves of Coleus aromaticus (umuravumba). Take with a sorghum porridge
H(086) adenitis : engorgement neck and groin, common in children (inkha z’abana). When the swelling is painful, we may use cautery, application with crushed leaves of Indigofera sp. (umusorôro) soaked in hot water
Region : Central Africa
Country : Rwanda
Vernacular name : umusorôro (Kinyarwanda)
Ipomoea sp.
Official name : Ipomoea sp.
Family : Convolvulaceae
Symptoms : H(103)
Recipes : H(103) tooth: apply still hot a sweet potato Ipomoea sp. incompletely cooked (umukutshwe or umutara) on diseased places
Region : Central Africa
Country : Rwanda
Vernacular name : not communicated by the authors
Kalanchoe glaucescens Britt.
Official name : Kalanchoe glaucescens Britt.
Family : Crassulaceae
Synonyms : Kalanchoe beniensis De Wild.
Symptoms : H(091)
Recipes : H(091) weight loss, crush, grind the following plants : Kalanchoe beniensis (ireke), Chenopodium opulifolium (umugombe), (?) rugara, (?) umuchyuro, (?) umubogobogo, (?) ikigembe. Add the juice of a full bowl of beer bananas andd little water ; drink for two consecutive days.
Region : Central Africa
Country : Rwanda
Vernacular name : ireke (Kinyarwanda)
Lantana salviifolia L.
Official name : Lantana salviifolia L.
Family : Verbenaceae
Symptoms : H(014), H(051), H(173)
Recipes : H(014) panaris,crush small beetles (mpaziminigo) with leaves of Lantana salvifolia (umuhengeri). Mix well, apply this poultice on the finger ; wrap in foil castor.
H(051) paludism, macerating pepper pods Capsicum annuum (urusenda), dried in a half cup of water. Soak, crushing, squeezing, filtering in some herbs and give drink in the morning and prepare a small boiled sorghum ; give a cup. Later in the day, administer the following composition : 1 leaf Aloe sp. (igikakarubamba) ; 1 handful of leaves of Leucas sp. (akanyamapfundo) (yet known rutenderi) ; 1 handful of leaves of Erigeron sumatrensis (wambuba) ; 1 handful of leaves of Guizotia scabra (igishikashike); 1 large handful of leaves of Lantana salvifolia (umuhengeri) ; 2 carrots with the size of the finger of Rumex bequaertii (nyiramuko). Crush all. The marc is poured into a bowl containing a little water. Twist, mix, squeeze out the juice. Drink a cup occasionally. The next day, the leaves of Coleus aromaticus (umuravumba) and of Vernonia amygdalina (umubirizi), are crushed; the juice is mixed with a small slurry sorghum. After three or four days there will a cupping application
H(173) leprosy (ibibembe) (sometimes confused with certain skin conditions) Remedy made from fresh plants, triturated, crushed. The juice is diluted with water; you drink during the day. plants used : Hypodematium aff. (gingwijana), (?) umuharakûko, Chenopodium opulifolium (umugombe), Lysimachia ruhmeriana (umuyobora), Cogniauxia sp. (umutanga), (?) ishyoza, Clerondendron sp. (umukuzanyana), Thunbergia alata (gisayura), Lantana salvifolia (umuhengeri), Brillantaisia cicatricosa (ikirôgora), Asteracantha longifolia (bugangabukari), Rhoicissus erythroides (umumara)
Region : Central Africa
Country : Rwanda
Vernacular name : umuhengeri (Kinyarwanda)
Leonotis nepetifolia (L.) R.Br.
Official name : Leonotis nepetifolia (L.) R.Br.
Family : Lamiaceae
Symptoms : H(004), H(041), H(068)
Recipes : H(004) wound: crushed leaves of of Leonotis nepetaefolia (igichumuchumu) Cover the wound.
H(041) anthrax in humans:cut a large plant of Leonotis nepetaefolia (igichumuchumu) . crumple the leaves and give a drink with a little water.
H(068) taenia: Crush all the bitter leaves (?) ibishikashike ou of Leonotis nepetaefolia (igichumuchumu) ; filtrer. The juice is poured into a shard ; we add a little salt and black smoke, and a handful of pumpkin seeds. Allow an hour contact and deposit on fire to break seed. We have prepared a paste of old sorghum. We consume alternately seeds and paste, usually at night. The next day, about nine o'clock, prepare mashed vegetables, leaves of usual squash and small pumpkins (imbogeri) etc.. This light vegetarian diet will allow the evacuation of the worm. If unsuccessful, use the fern Dryopteris pentheri (irâba). The irâba fern powder can be mixed with warm milk.
Region : Central Africa
Country : Rwanda
Vernacular name : igichumuchumu (Kinyarwanda)
Leucas sp.
Official name : Leucas sp.
Family : Lamiaceae
Symptoms : H(051)
Recipes : H(051) paludism, macerating pepper pods Capsicum annuum (urusenda), dried in a half cup of water. Soak, crushing, squeezing, filtering in some herbs and give drink in the morning and prepare a small boiled sorghum ; give a cup. Later in the day, administer the following composition : 1 leaf Aloe sp. (igikakarubamba) ; 1 handful of leaves of Leucas sp. (akanyamapfundo) (yet known rutenderi) ; 1 handful of leaves of Erigeron sumatrensis (wambuba) ; 1 handful of leaves of Guizotia scabra (igishikashike); 1 large handful of leaves of Lantana salvifolia (umuhengeri) ; 2 carrots with the size of the finger of Rumex bequaertii (nyiramuko). Crush all. The marc is poured into a bowl containing a little water. Twist, mix, squeeze out the juice. Drink a cup occasionally. The next day, the leaves of Coleus aromaticus (umuravumba) and of Vernonia amygdalina (umubirizi), are crushed; the juice is mixed with a small slurry sorghum. After three or four days there will a cupping application
Region : Central Africa
Country : Rwanda
Vernacular name : akanyamapfundo (Kinyarwanda)
Ludwigia prostrata Roxb.
Official name : Ludwigia prostrata Roxb.
Family : Onagraceae
Symptoms : H(004), H(075)
Recipes : H(004) wound: leaves of Ludwigia prostrata (umuzigangore) are cooked for washing the wounds. Dressing using crushed fresh leaves.
H(075) athrepsia child =ingonga , Cook all the leaves of (?) kamaramahano, of Triumfetta rhomboidea (umushyigura), of Eriosema sp. (umupfunyantoki), of Ludwigia prostrata (umuzigangore) , (?) ikirôgôra, with roots of (?) umukuzanyanya. The juice, cooked and filtered, is given to the child.
H(075) athrepsia child =ingonga , sap of (?) umuckura, mixed with fresh milk and give the morning before feeding.
H(075) athrepsia child =ingonga,administer enemas of boiled juice of (?) umuhire
Region : Central Africa
Country : Rwanda
Vernacular name : umuzigangore (Kinyarwanda)
Lycoperdon sp.
Official name : Lycoperdon sp.
Family : Agaricaceae
Symptoms : H(004)
Recipes : H(004) wound: Wash the wound, let it dry in the sun. Perforate the puffball Lycoperdon sp. (mutumo), it escapes the powder which is sprinkled on the wound.
Region : Central Africa
Country : Rwanda
Vernacular name : mutumo (Kinyarwanda)
Lysimachia ruhmeriana Vatke
Official name : Lysimachia ruhmeriana Vatke
Family : Primulaceae
Symptoms : H(173)
Recipes : H(173) leprosy (ibibembe) (sometimes confused with certain skin conditions) Remedy made from fresh plants, triturated, crushed. The juice is lying water; you drink in a day Plants used : Hypodematium aff. (gingwijana), (?) umuharakûko, Chenopodium opulifolium (umugombe), Lysimachia ruhmeriana (umuyobora), Cogniauxia sp. (umutanga), (?) ishyoza, Clerondendron sp. (umukuzanyana), Thunbergia alata (gisayura), Lantana salvifolia (umuhengeri), Brillantaisia cicatricosa (ikirôgora), Asteracantha longifolia (bugangabukari), Rhoicissus erythroides (umumara)
Region : Central Africa
Country : Rwanda
Vernacular name : umuyobora (Kinyarwanda)
Macaranga kilimandscharica Pax
Official name : Macaranga kilimandscharica Pax
Family : Euphorbiaceae
Symptoms : H(075)
Recipes : H(075) athrepsia child =ingonga, leaves of (?) (umukamambogo) cooked with bark of the tree called Macaranga kilimandscharica (ingonga) ; give juice to the child
Region : Central Africa
Country : Rwanda
Vernacular name : ingonga (Kinyarwanda)
Markhamia lutea (Benth.) K. Schum.
Official name : Markhamia lutea (Benth.) K. Schum.
Family : Bignoniaceae
Synonyms : Markhamia hildebrandtii (Bak.) Sprague , Markhamia platycalyx (Baker) Sprague
Symptoms : H(037), H(051)
Recipes : H(037) ,bronchitis, H(037) cough, chew bark or leaves of the head of the tree Markhamia phatycalix (umusave)
H(051) paludism: leaves of Vernonia arbustif (umubirizi) ; leaves of Markhamia platycalyx (umusave); leaves of Coleus aromaticus (umuravumba). The juice is mixed with water and heated in the sun. VO. 1 cup
Region : Central Africa
Country : Rwanda
Vernacular name : umusave (Kinyarwanda)
Melinis minutiflora P. Beauv.
Official name : Melinis minutiflora P. Beauv.
Family : Poaceae
Symptoms : H(013)
Recipes : H(013) dartre: plant of Melinis minutiflora (urunyamavuta) with an aloe leaf ; drying, grilling in a shard. Add fresh butter for anointing
Region : Central Africa
Country : Rwanda
Vernacular name : urunyamavuta (Kinyarwanda)
Mitragyna macrophylla (DC.) Hiern
Official name : Mitragyna macrophylla (DC.) Hiern
Family : Rubiaceae
Symptoms : H(004)
Recipes : H(004) wound: crush, heat Mitragyna macrophylla (umuzibaziba) in a container.. Apply heat to clean the wound ; then extend fresh leaves on the wound
Region : Central Africa
Country : Rwanda
Vernacular name : umuzibaziba (Kinyarwanda)
Momordica foetida Schumach.
Official name : Momordica foetida Schumach.
Family : Cucurbitaceae
Synonyms : Momordica schimperiana Naud.
Symptoms : H(001), H(004), H(037)
Recipes : H(001) one whose sight has weakened, tries to remedy this by using the leaves of Momordica foetida (umwishwa),first flamed then crushed The still warm juice is expressed in the eye.
H(004) wound: Crush the leaves of Mormordica foetida (umwishwa) smear on the wound
H(037) bronchitis, juice of Momordica foetida (umwishwa)
Region : Central Africa
Country : Rwanda
Vernacular name : umwishwa (Kinyarwanda)
Monechma subsessile (Oliv.) C.B. Clarke
Official name : Monechma subsessile (Oliv.) C.B. Clarke
Family : Acanthaceae
Symptoms : H(001), H(013), H(202)
Recipes : H(001) one whose sight has weakened: whole plant Tradescantia zebrina. (uruteja) fully employed, cooked with the leaves of (?) qf umukinnyi or Monechma subsessile (umubazi) : squeeze fresh leaves on the eyelids, and then grind the leaves expressing the juice in the eye.
H(013) acne(igishishi), It expresses the pus and the eyes are rubbed with ashes of wood.Is employed the plant juice Monechma subsessile (umubazi) and Trichodesma zeylanicum (ichyumwa?? douteux)
H(202) beauty cream (amadahano ou imbiribiri):.The preparation of the ointment is a matter for specialists. the various ingredients are collected many of which are rare. The seeds, roots and herbs are carefully dried in the sun, then stored in a special calabash. Canna sp. (amadehe) or amadihe: very hard seeds - Monechma subsessile (imibazi), ripe seeds - (?) biskyete, use white rhizomes - (?) inyakabanda,emploi des rhizomes blancs - Hagenia abyssinica (umugeshi), fragments of the trunk and roots peels - Symphonia globulifera (umushishi), fragments of the trunk and roots peels - (?) ishangi, fragments of the trunk and roots peels and use of resin - Piptadenia buchanani (umugereko), fragments of the trunk and roots peels - (?) umushuguno, tree of the volcanic regions whose odorous principle is found in the roots. - Fagara sp. (umusagavu) of root pieces were heated and held in the manner of a wax stick ; it follows an aromatic sap (amarirangege) - tinder very fragrant : ikigurwamutima (kugura of: being bought and umutima: heart). It adds the juice of the shrub inkâta.After a long process a cream is harvested in squash reserved for this purpose. As the need arises, we fee a bit in small wooden vessels called imikondo. H(202) beauty cream An operation somewhat similar occurs among farmers Abahutu,costly aromatics are replaced by fragrant roots of Rubus inedulis. (imikeri) (umukeri?) or herbs like Eragrostis flaminggi (ishinge), and by Papyrus sp. (umujunzo) with wild mint and (?) inkurume.
Region : Central Africa
Country : Rwanda
Vernacular name : umubazi , imibazi (Kinyarwanda)
Musa sp.
Official name : Musa sp.
Family : Musaceae
Symptoms : H(124)
Recipes : H(124), major external hemorrhage: Take sheathing leaves of banana tree trunk of = ibirere by’ingabo,wide and strong, and strongly surround the injured.
Region : Central Africa
Country : Rwanda
Vernacular name : ibirere by’ingabo (Kinyarwanda)
Myrica salicifolia Hochst. ex A. Rich.
Official name : Myrica salicifolia Hochst. ex A. Rich.
Family : Myricaceae
Symptoms : H(000), H(173)
Recipes : H(000) malaise, agony: sternutatoire powerful powder as magic dust " isubyo"from the dried root of the tree Myrica salicifolia (umusengese), it is abundantly used
H(173) leprosy (ibibembe) (sometimes confused with certain skin conditions) Suck through the nose the peels powder of the dried and ground roots of the three Myrica salicifolia (umusengese). The plant Virectaria major (umukiryi), crushed and pounded, used to amplify the effect of Myrica salicifolia.
Region : Central Africa
Country : Rwanda
Vernacular name : umusengese (Kinyarwanda)
Nicotiana tabacum L.
Official name : Nicotiana tabacum L.
Family : Solanaceae
Symptoms : H(108)
Recipes : H(108) coryza, Soak a few leaves of tobacco Nicotiana tabacum L. (rujoka) for two hours in the urine of bull ; crush using a clean reed. for two hours in the urine of bull, pour macerate in the palm, successively fill both nostrils; strongly aspire to penetrate in the head and in the interior.
Region : Central Africa
Country : Rwanda
Vernacular name : not communicated by the authors
Ocimum suave Willd.
Official name : Ocimum suave Willd.
Family : Lamiaceae
Symptoms : H(050), H(068)
Recipes : H(050) bloating: attributed to the presence of intestinal worms. It gives children a bit of latex of Synadenium umbellatum var. puberulum. (umukoni), in some milk. Moderately may be employed other plants such as anthelmintics, such Vernonia amygdalina.(umubirizi) and Ocimum suave (umwenya, yumwenya?)
H(068) ascaris lumbricoides: Tie the leaves of Ocimum suave (umwenya) in a green banana leaf, drop in hot ashes, then crumple, squeeze and bite. The juice is given to the child in the palm of the hand, in the morning
Region : Central Africa
Country : Rwanda
Vernacular name : umwenya, yumwenya? (Kinyarwanda)
Phaseolus sp.
Official name : Phaseolus sp.
Family : Fabaceae
Symptoms : H(068)
Recipes : H(068) amoebic dysentery (amachyinya), Cook lightly salted butter of salt marshes; add a kind of red beans Phaseolus sp. (inkori), and scrapings of skin (?) inkuru, This fight for the formation of debris of membranes who were given the name of "scrapings of guts." With this butter, eat a paste of sorghum which contain water of cooking reddish juice of Ficus ingens (umutabataba), and of the reddish carrots of Rumex sp. (umujumba)
Region : Central Africa
Country : Rwanda
Vernacular name : inkori (Kinyarwanda)
Phaseolus vulgaris L.
Official name : Phaseolus vulgaris L.
Family : Fabaceae
Symptoms : H(051)
Recipes : H(051) chronic paludism.(ubuganga), Pound Phaseolus vulgaris (green beans); passer sieve, then drink. To this can be added juice of leaves of Vernonia amygdalina (umubirizi) and (?) ikizimyamuriro. If the effect is not pronounced enough, it takes juice of Acanthus sp. (umukarankuba) in fresh milk.
Region : Central Africa
Country : Rwanda
Vernacular name : umukarankuba (Kinyarwanda)
Phytolacca dodecandra L'Hérit.
Official name : Phytolacca dodecandra L'Hérit.
Family : Phytolaccaceae
Symptoms : H(100), H(112)
Recipes : H(100) gonorrhea (imitezi ), roots of nettle Urtica dioica (igisura) cooked with leaves Phytolacca dodecandra. (umuhokoro) drastic ; after cooking, add the latex of Synadenium umbellatum var. puberulum (umukoni) and swallow with a hot porridge.
H(112) abortive, H(112x) anticonseption (umuraganyina): cooked with leaves (umuraganyina) from the shrub of Phytolacca dodecandra (untuhokoro) is well known. The leaves are crushed, pressed and twisted; the juice, diluted with water, is set to warm in the sun. We drink a cup around nine o'clock in the morning.
Region : Central Africa
Country : Rwanda
Vernacular name : umuhokoro (Kinyarwanda)
Piptadenia buchananii Baker f.
Official name : Piptadenia buchananii Baker f.
Family : Fabaceae
Symptoms : H(202)
Recipes : H(202) beauty cream (amadahano ou imbiribiri):.The preparation of the ointment is a matter for specialists. the various ingredients are collected many of which are rare. The seeds, roots and herbs are carefully dried in the sun, then stored in a special calabash. Canna sp. (amadehe) or amadihe: very hard seeds - Monechma subsessile (imibazi), ripe seeds - (?) biskyete, use white rhizomes - (?) inyakabanda,emploi des rhizomes blancs - Hagenia abyssinica (umugeshi), fragments of the trunk and roots peels - Symphonia globulifera (umushishi), fragments of the trunk and roots peels - (?) ishangi, fragments of the trunk and roots peels and use of resin - Piptadenia buchanani (umugereko), fragments of the trunk and roots peels - (?) umushuguno, tree of the volcanic regions whose odorous principle is found in the roots. - Fagara sp. (umusagavu) of root pieces were heated and held in the manner of a wax stick ; it follows an aromatic sap (amarirangege) - tinder very fragrant : ikigurwamutima (kugura of: being bought and umutima: heart). It adds the juice of the shrub inkâta.After a long process a cream is harvested in squash reserved for this purpose. As the need arises, we fee a bit in small wooden vessels called imikondo. H(202) beauty cream An operation somewhat similar occurs among farmers Abahutu,costly aromatics are replaced by fragrant roots of Rubus inedulis. (imikeri) (umukeri?) or herbs like Eragrostis flaminggi (ishinge), and by Papyrus sp. (umujunzo) with wild mint and (?) inkurume.
Region : Central Africa
Country : Rwanda
Vernacular name : umugereko (Kinyarwanda)
Rhoicissus tridentata (L.f.) Wild & Drummond
Official name : Rhoicissus tridentata (L.f.) Wild & Drummond
Family : Vitaceae
Synonyms : Rhoicissus erythrodes (Fresen.) Planch.
Symptoms : H(173)
Recipes : H(173) leprosy (ibibembe) (sometimes confused with certain skin conditions) Remedy made from fresh plants, triturated, crushed. The juice is lying water; you drink in a day Plants used : Hypodematium aff. (gingwijana), (?) umuharakûko, Chenopodium opulifolium (umugombe), Lysimachia ruhmeriana (umuyobora), Cogniauxia sp. (umutanga), (?) ishyoza, Clerondendron sp. (umukuzanyana), Thunbergia alata (gisayura), Lantana salvifolia (umuhengeri), Brillantaisia cicatricosa (ikirôgora), Asteracantha longifolia (bugangabukari), Rhoicissus erythroides (umumara)
Region : Central Africa
Country : Rwanda
Vernacular name : umumara (Kinyarwanda)
Rhus natalensis Bernh. ex Krauss
Official name : Rhus natalensis Bernh. ex Krauss
Family : Anacardiaceae
Symptoms : H(075)
Recipes : H(075) restore appetite: roots and of leaves of Rhus natalensis ('isagara). Cook slowly and put to cool. Filtrer. In the morning, pour a half-cup of juice and add about a quart of cow urine. Drink it without stopping (this due to bad taste). This results in severe diarrhea and sometimes dark vomiting. This medication cleans stomach and intestine. Towards evening, the appetite is felt.
Region : Central Africa
Country : Rwanda
Vernacular name : isagara (Kinyarwanda)
Ricinus communis L.
Official name : Ricinus communis L.
Family : Euphorbiaceae
Symptoms : H(004)
Recipes : H(004) wound: Choose specimens of Ricinus communis (umubonobono) from the valley. The crushed leaves of are placed on the wound
Region : Central Africa
Country : Rwanda
Vernacular name : umubonobono (Kinyarwanda)
Rubus inedulis Rolfe
Official name : Rubus inedulis Rolfe
Family : Rosaceae
Symptoms : H(202)
Recipes : H(202) beauty cream (amadahano ou imbiribiri):.The preparation of the ointment is a matter for specialists. the various ingredients are collected many of which are rare. The seeds, roots and herbs are carefully dried in the sun, then stored in a special calabash. Canna sp. (amadehe) or amadihe: very hard seeds - Monechma subsessile (imibazi), ripe seeds - (?) biskyete, use white rhizomes - (?) inyakabanda,emploi des rhizomes blancs - Hagenia abyssinica (umugeshi), fragments of the trunk and roots peels - Symphonia globulifera (umushishi), fragments of the trunk and roots peels - (?) ishangi, fragments of the trunk and roots peels and use of resin - Piptadenia buchanani (umugereko), fragments of the trunk and roots peels - (?) umushuguno, tree of the volcanic regions whose odorous principle is found in the roots. - Fagara sp. (umusagavu) of root pieces were heated and held in the manner of a wax stick ; it follows an aromatic sap (amarirangege) - tinder very fragrant : ikigurwamutima kugura of: being bought and umutima: heart. It adds the juice of the shrub inkâta.After a long process a cream is harvested in squash reserved for this purpose. As the need arises, we fee a bit in small wooden vessels called imikondo. H(202) beauty cream An operation somewhat similar occurs among farmers Abahutu,costly aromatics are replaced by fragrant roots of Rubus inedulis. (imikeri) (umukeri?) or herbs like Eragrostis flaminggi (ishinge), and by Papyrus sp. (umujunzo) with wild mint and (?) inkurume.
Region : Central Africa
Country : Rwanda
Vernacular name : imikeri (umukeri?) (Kinyarwanda)
Rubus inedulis Rolfe
Official name : Rubus inedulis Rolfe
Family : Rosaceae
Symptoms : V(041)
Recipes : Vb(041) blackleg livestock (ubutaka bwa nyamukuka or umubagabaga, umutagara), or symptomatic anthrax or ubutaka bwa nyamukanura, rapid anthrax, presumably acute bacterium anthrax: curative vaccine with the plants Berkheya spekeana (ikwarara (ikigwarara)), (?) igikongeri, Acanthus montanus (igitovu) and Rubus inedulis (umukeri), with soot and fresh butter. Incisions are made on the right shoulder of each animal, including sheep, starting with the oldest and by using the the owner knife . Using the right atrial "agahera" introduce the vaccine in wounds
Region : Central Africa
Country : Rwanda
Vernacular name : umukeri (Kinyarwanda)
Rumex abyssinicus Jacq.
Official name : Rumex abyssinicus Jacq.
Family : Polygonaceae
Symptoms : H(051)
Recipes : H(051) chronic paludism: roots of Rumex abyssinicus (igifumba) ; crush, filter, stretch of warm beer, VO.
Region : Central Africa
Country : Rwanda
Vernacular name : igifumba (Kinyarwanda)
Rumex bequaertii De Wild.
Official name : Rumex bequaertii De Wild.
Family : Polygonaceae
Symptoms : H(051), H(086)
Recipes : H(051) chronic paludism: Cook the roots of nettle Tragia brevipes (isusa) and of roots of Rumex bequaertii (nyiramuko). Drink the liquid.
H(051) paludism: juice of the roots of Rumex bequaertii (nyiramuko) diluted with water, of (?) bambuba, of Indigofera sp. (umusororo). add the juice of leaves of Coleus aromaticus (umuravumba). Take with a sorghum porridge
H(051) paludism, macerating pepper pods Capsicum annuum (urusenda), dried in a half cup of water. Soak, crushing, squeezing, filtering in some herbs and give drink in the morning and prepare a small boiled sorghum ; give a cup. Later in the day, administer the following composition : 1 leaf Aloe sp. (igikakarubamba) ; 1 handful of leaves of Leucas sp. (akanyamapfundo) (yet known rutenderi) ; 1 handful of leaves of Erigeron sumatrensis (wambuba) ; 1 handful of leaves of Guizotia scabra (igishikashike); 1 large handful of leaves of Lantana salvifolia (umuhengeri) ; 2 carrots with the size of the finger of Rumex bequaertii (nyiramuko). Crush all. The marc is poured into a bowl containing a little water. Twist, mix, squeeze out the juice. Drink a cup occasionally. The next day, the leaves of Coleus aromaticus (umuravumba) and of Vernonia amygdalina (umubirizi), are crushed; the juice is mixed with a small slurry sorghum. After three or four days there will a cupping application
H(086) acute adenitis of the groin(Isumbi) To prevent the ill reaches inside the belly, are administered depuratives with the plants Coleus aromaticus.(umuravumba) and Rumex bequaertii (nyiramuko).
Region : Central Africa
Country : Rwanda
Vernacular name : nyiramuko (Kinyarwanda)
Rumex maderensis Lowe
Official name : Rumex maderensis Lowe
Family : Polygonaceae
Symptoms : H(100), H(158)
Recipes : H(100) gonorrhea (imitezi ), : use the Rumex maderensis (umufumbageshi). Take a large root and grind in a mortar, add to juice a bit of millet flour and prepare a light porridge to drink hot.
H(100) gonorrhea (imitezi), cook at berry of (?) umurembe ou (?) karemba, with leaves of (?) umususa ; emploie du liquide chaud pour lavage des parties contaminées, using a torch section from a hollow rod nettle. Can be replaced this liquid by a decoction of (?) ubushohêra and of Blumea sp. (idôma) also in washing
H(158) metrorrhagia, Cook leaves and peels of (?) umusarenda with reddish roots of Rumex maderensis (umufumbageshi).; add cow's bloode, to swallow this mixture by the woman and place it as compress to the vulva. The patient will spend two days in bed and then administer the juice of crushed leaves of Cucumis sp. (umushishiro)
Region : Central Africa
Country : Rwanda
Vernacular name : umufumbageshi (Kinyarwanda)
Rumex sp.
Official name : Rumex sp.
Family : Polygonaceae
Symptoms : H(068)
Recipes : H(068) amoebic dysentery (amachyinya), Cook lightly salted butter of salt marshes; add a kind of red beans Phaseolus sp. (inkori), and scrapings of skin (?) inkuru, This fight for the formation of debris of membranes who were given the name of "scrapings of guts." With this butter, eat a paste of sorghum which contain water of cooking reddish juice of Ficus ingens (umutabataba), and of Rumex (umujumba) reddish carrots.
Region : Central Africa
Country : Rwanda
Vernacular name : umujumba (Kinyarwanda)
Saccharum officinarum L.
Official name : Saccharum officinarum L.
Family : Poaceae
Symptoms : H(002)
Recipes : H(002) agalactie "igisangu" is the state of a woman who had milk, which has already been able to breastfeed but whose secretion is dried up. Take a sugarcane Saccharum officinarum, pound; the filtered juice is poured into a pot of beer from a diet of only bananas ; let it ferment three days on top of the hearth and reserve this drink to the woman only
Region : Central Africa
Country : Rwanda
Vernacular name : not communicated by the authors
Sesbania sesban (L.) Merr.
Official name : Sesbania sesban (L.) Merr.
Family : Fabaceae
Symptoms : H(002), H(051)
Recipes : H(002) agalactie " igihâma" We can "kugonôra" bring milk, by administering to the new mother infusions of plant of milky juice, (?) umuronzi and Sesbania sesban (mnunyegenyege).
H(051) chronic paludism: Leaves and bark of Sesbania sesban (umunyegenyege). juice of Clerodendron capitatum (ikiziranyenzi), taken in banana beer. Juice of Euphorbia ingens (euphorbia candelabrum) (ikiduha) , ikyiha) taken from cow blood. Juice of leaves of Crassocephalum multicorymbosum (umutagara) warmed in the sun, diluted with water : sudorific energetic, nausea, vomiting. It is said that this remedy is dangerous
Region : Central Africa
Country : Rwanda
Vernacular name : mnunyegenyege (Kinyarwanda)
Setaria pallidifusca fo. Furcata
Official name : Setaria pallidifusca fo. Furcata
Family : Poaceae
Symptoms : H(013)
Recipes : H(013) fistula: Choose a plant of Setaria pallidifusca (urutumbwe); pull a rod carrying an ear, push it into the opening of the fistula, then replace it where it was taken and link
Region : Central Africa
Country : Rwanda
Vernacular name : urutumbwe (Kinyarwanda)
Solanum aculeastrum Dunal
Official name : Solanum aculeastrum Dunal
Family : Solanaceae
Synonyms : Solanum aculeastrum Dunal var. albifolium (C.H.Wright) Bitter
Symptoms : H(100)
Recipes : H(100) gonorrhea (imitezi ), Treatment: leaves or roots of Gallium sp. (umukararambwe), with leaves of Asteracantha longifolia. (bugangabukari) cooked with roots of Urtica dioica (igisura) : add a berry of Solanum aculeastrum (umutobotobo) All cook and use the liquid for enema
Region : Central Africa
Country : Rwanda
Vernacular name : umutobotobo (Kinyarwanda)
Solanum dasyphyllum Schumach. & Thonn.
Official name : Solanum dasyphyllum Schumach. & Thonn.
Family : Solanaceae
Synonyms : Solanum duplosinuatum Klotzsch
Symptoms : H(068)
Recipes : H(068) amoebic dysentery (amachyinya), picking of small berries of Solanum dasyphyllum? ( igitagarasoryo) ; they must be very mature and very red. Crush, add salt marshes ; cooked in a little water and eat like paste.
H(068) amoebic dysentery (amachyinya),enemas with goat milk or with water that spent the night in the hut
Region : Central Africa
Country : Rwanda
Vernacular name : igitagarasoryo (Kinyarwanda)
Solanum incanum L.
Official name : Solanum incanum L.
Family : Solanaceae
Synonyms : Solanum insanum L. , Solanum coagulans Forssk.
Symptoms : H(037), H(111)
Recipes : H(037) bronchitis, H(037) cough, berry juice of Solanum incanum (inchunshu) + raw milk, VO.
H(111) burns, grind all leaves of Solanum incanum (igichunshu) and of pumpkin (ikyungwane), press, press-on the wound to stop the bleeding
H(111) burns: creeping grass (?) umuryanyoni, crush and press the wound .
Region : Central Africa
Country : Rwanda
Vernacular name : inchunshu (Kinyarwanda)
Sonchus sp.
Official name : Sonchus sp.
Family : Asteraceae
Symptoms : H(008y), H(068), H(131)
Recipes : H(008y) emaciation of a evil spell: Treatment; leaves (?) umusabanyama ; cooked with water, add milk a cow that the dress color is uniform and which has never lost a calf , or treatment : 1) By a umurutsi. Leave for two to three weeks the juice of roots of Sonchus sp. (rurira) mixed with marc of bananas "amagamura" wet with water. Give to drink in the day
H(068) amoebic dysentery (amachyinya), leaves of Sonchus sp.? (ikivutso ou ikivutso); crush, pound. To the juice, add water and rancid butter; cook until to obtain firm porridge + honey
H(068) dysenterie (amachyinya), écorce d’érythrine corail with des haricots and plantes (?) ishyoza and Sonchus sp.? (ikivutso). Cuire with un peu d’eau and du beurre. Manger du miel.
H(068) dysenterie (amachyinya), pound ensemble des leaves of Sonchus sp.? (ikivutso) with des plantes entières of (?) ishyoza and of (?) kazibanyo. Au jus,on ajoute d miel ou du beurre
H(131) laryngeal form of yaws (painful): juice of the following plants : Cucumis sp. (umushishiro), Sonchus sp. (rurira), (?) umurwamporo, with water
Region : Central Africa
Country : Rwanda
Vernacular name : ikivutso (Kinyarwanda)
Spilanthes acmella (L.) Murray
Official name : Spilanthes acmella (L.) Murray
Family : Asteraceae
Symptoms : H(076), H(103)
Recipes : H(076) mouth ulcers and thrush, chew flowers of Spilanthes acmella (ubushwîma). For children, the mother first grinds the flower, then rub in the mouth by taking a little fingertip
H(076) stomatitis, these flowers are also used against stomatitis.
H(103) tooth: relieve pain by chewing flowers of Spilantes acmela (ubushwîma), rub the gums and keep the remains in the mouth long enough
Region : Central Africa
Country : Rwanda
Vernacular name : ubushwîma (Kinyarwanda)
Symphonia globulifera L. f.
Official name : Symphonia globulifera L. f.
Family : Clusiaceae
Symptoms : H(202)
Recipes : H(202) beauty cream (amadahano ou imbiribiri):.The preparation of the ointment is a matter for specialists. the various ingredients are collected many of which are rare. The seeds, roots and herbs are carefully dried in the sun, then stored in a special calabash. Canna sp. (amadehe) or amadihe: very hard seeds - Monechma subsessile (imibazi), ripe seeds - (?) biskyete, use white rhizomes - (?) inyakabanda,emploi des rhizomes blancs - Hagenia abyssinica (umugeshi), fragments of the trunk and roots peels - Symphonia globulifera (umushishi), fragments of the trunk and roots peels - (?) ishangi, fragments of the trunk and roots peels and use of resin - Piptadenia buchanani (umugereko), fragments of the trunk and roots peels - (?) umushuguno, tree of the volcanic regions whose odorous principle is found in the roots. - Fagara sp. (umusagavu) of root pieces were heated and held in the manner of a wax stick ; it follows an aromatic sap (amarirangege) - tinder very fragrant : ikigurwamutima (kugura of: being bought and umutima: heart). It adds the juice of the shrub inkâta.After a long process a cream is harvested in squash reserved for this purpose. As the need arises, we fee a bit in small wooden vessels called imikondo. H(202) beauty cream An operation somewhat similar occurs among farmers Abahutu,costly aromatics are replaced by fragrant roots of Rubus inedulis. (imikeri) (umukeri?) or herbs like Eragrostis flaminggi (ishinge), and by Papyrus sp. (umujunzo) with wild mint and (?) inkurume.
Region : Central Africa
Country : Rwanda
Vernacular name : umushishi (Kinyarwanda)
Synadenium umbellatum var. puberulum
Official name : Synadenium umbellatum var. puberulum
Family : Euphorbiaceae
Symptoms : H(050), H(100)
Recipes : H(050) bloating: attributed to the presence of intestinal worms. It gives children a bit of latex of Synadenium umbellatum var. puberulum. (umukoni), in some milk. moderately may be employed other plants such as anthelmintics, such Vernonia amygdalina.(umubirizi) and (?) yumwenya.
H(100) gonorrhea (imitezi ), roots of nettle Urtica dioica (igisura) cooked with leaves Phytolacca dodecandra. (umuhokoro) drastic ; after cooking, add the latex of Synadenium umbellatum var. puberulum (umukoni) and swallow with a hot porridge.
Region : Central Africa
Country : Rwanda
Vernacular name : umukoni (Kinyarwanda)
Tetracera sp.
Official name : Tetracera sp.
Family : Dilleniaceae
Symptoms : H(002)
Recipes : H(002) agalactiae (secondary hypogalactia) Crush Tetracera sp. (umubimbafuro) ; juice + milk or water in porridge. To provide for the nurse, beer and milk
Region : Central Africa
Country : Rwanda
Vernacular name : umubimbafuro (Kinyarwanda)
Thunbergia alata Bojer ex Sims
Official name : Thunbergia alata Bojer ex Sims
Family : Acanthaceae
Symptoms : H(173)
Recipes : H(173) leprosy (ibibembe) (sometimes confused with certain skin conditions) Remedy made from fresh plants, triturated, crushed. The juice is lying water; you drink in a day Plants used : Hypodematium aff. (gingwijana), (?) umuharakûko, Chenopodium opulifolium (umugombe), Lysimachia ruhmeriana (umuyobora), Cogniauxia sp. (umutanga), (?) ishyoza, Clerondendron sp. (umukuzanyana), Thunbergia alata (gisayura), Lantana salvifolia (umuhengeri), Brillantaisia cicatricosa (ikirôgora), Asteracantha longifolia (bugangabukari), Rhoicissus erythroides (umumara)
Region : Central Africa
Country : Rwanda
Vernacular name : gisayura (Kinyarwanda)
Tradescantia sect. Zebrina (Schnizl.) D.R. Hunt
Official name : Tradescantia sect. Zebrina (Schnizl.) D.R. Hunt
Family : Commelinaceae
Symptoms : H(001)
Recipes : H(001) one whose sight has weakened: whole plant Tradescantia zebrina. (uruteja) fully employed, cooked with the leaves of (?) qf umukinnyi or Monechma subsessile (umubazi) : squeeze fresh leaves on the eyelids, and then grind the leaves expressing the juice in the eye.
Region : Central Africa
Country : Rwanda
Vernacular name : uruteja (Kinyarwanda)
Tragia brevipes Pax
Official name : Tragia brevipes Pax
Family : Euphorbiaceae
Symptoms : H(051)
Recipes : H(051) chronic paludism: Cook the roots of Tragia brevipes (isusa) and of roots of Rumex bequaertii (nyiramuko). Drink the liquid.
Region : Central Africa
Country : Rwanda
Vernacular name : isusa (Kinyarwanda)
Triumfetta rhomboidea Jacq.
Official name : Triumfetta rhomboidea Jacq.
Family : Tiliaceae
Symptoms : H(075)
Recipes : H(075) athrepsia child =ingonga , Cook all the leaves of (?) kamaramahano, of Triumfetta rhomboidea (umushyigura), of Eriosema sp. (umupfunyantoki), of Ludwigia prostrata (umuzigangore) , (?) ikirôgôra, with roots of (?) umukuzanyanya. The juice, cooked and filtered, is given to the child.
H(075) athrepsia child =ingonga , sap of (?) umuckura, mixed with fresh milk and give the morning before feeding.
H(075) athrepsia child =ingonga,administer enemas of boiled juice of (?) umuhire
Region : Central Africa
Country : Rwanda
Vernacular name : umushyigura (Kinyarwanda)
Typha sp.
Official name : Typha sp.
Family : Typhaceae
Symptoms : H(104)
Recipes : H(104) colic : burn roots of Typha sp. (umuberanya). Passing water on the ashes placed on a sieve, then boil until complete evaporation. At the bottom of the cooking pot, there is a salty deposit = umunyu w’umube­ranya. Mix this salt deposit to milk a cow without horns to administer to the patient.
Region : Central Africa
Country : Rwanda
Vernacular name : umuberanya (Kinyarwanda)
Urtica dioica L.
Official name : Urtica dioica L.
Family : Urticaceae
Symptoms : H(082), H(100), H(113)
Recipes : H(082) asthme ou inkorora y’agasema ( cough qui fait haleter), pound the roots of Urtica dioica (igisura) ; the mash is placed in cold water, and then fired after a few hours. In the morning, filter, add of fermented beer of bananas, deposit not far of the fire and drink during the day
H(100) gonorrhea (imitezi ), roots of nettle Urtica dioica (igisura) cooked with leaves Phytolacca dodecandra. (umuhokoro) drastic ; after cooking, add latex of Synadenium umbellatum var. puberulum (umukoni) and swallow with a hot porridge.
H(100) gonorrhea (imitezi ), Treatment. leaflets or roots of Gallium sp. (umukararambweà, with leaves of Asteracantha longifolia. (bugangabukari) cooked with roots of Urtica dioica (igisura) : add berry of Solanum aculeastrum (umutobotobo) Cook all and use the liquid for enema
H(113) rheumatic pain and stiffness in the joints.(makonyora): cook green leaves of Urtica dioica (igisura) and drink the juice.
Region : Central Africa
Country : Rwanda
Vernacular name : igisura (Kinyarwanda)
Vernonia amygdalina Delile
Official name : Vernonia amygdalina Delile
Family : Asteraceae
Synonyms : Vernonia senegalensis A. Chev. , Gymnanthemum amygdalinum (Delile) Sch. Bip. Ex Walp.
Symptoms : H(050), H(051)
Recipes : H(051) chronic paludism.(ubuganga), Pound Phaseolus vulgaris (green beans); grind sieve, then drink. To this can be added juice of leaves of Vernonia amygdalina (umubirizi) and (?) ikizimyamuriro. If the effect is not pronounced enough, it takes juice of Acanthus sp. (umukarankuba) in fresh milk.
H(051) paludism: leaves of Vernonia arbustif (umubirizi) ; leaves of Markhamia platycalyx (umusave); leaves of Coleus aromaticus (umuravumba). The juice is mixed with water and heated in the sun. VO. 1 cup
H(068) ascaris lumbricoides: The juice of Vernonia shrub (ibirizi) is put the sun around nine and is given to the child for a month
H(051) paludism, macerating pepper pods Capsicum annuum (urusenda), dried in a half cup of water. Soak, crushing, squeezing, filtering in some herbs and give drink in the morning and prepare a small boiled sorghum ; give a cup. Later in the day, administer the following composition : 1 leaf Aloe sp. (igikakarubamba) ; 1 handful of leaves of Leucas sp. (akanyamapfundo) (yet known rutenderi) ; 1 handful of leaves of Erigeron sumatrensis (wambuba) ; 1 handful of leaves of Guizotia scabra (igishikashike); 1 large handful of leaves of Lantana salvifolia (umuhengeri) ; 2 carrots with the size of the finger of Rumex bequaertii (nyiramuko). Crush all. The marc is poured into a bowl containing a little water. Twist, mix, squeeze out the juice. Drink a cup occasionally. The next day, the leaves of Coleus aromaticus (umuravumba) and of Vernonia amygdalina (umubirizi), are crushed; the juice is mixed with a small slurry sorghum. After three or four days there will a cupping application
H(050) bloating: attributed to the presence of intestinal worms. It gives to children a little latex of euphorbia Synadenium umbellatum var. puberulum. (umukoni), in some fresh milk. Moderately other plants can be used as anthelmintics, tels Vernonia amygdalina.(umubirizi) and Ocimum suave (umwenya, yumwenya?)
Region : Central Africa
Country : Rwanda
Vernacular name : umubirizi (Kinyarwanda)
Vernonia sp.
Official name : Vernonia sp.
Family : Asteraceae
Symptoms : H(004)
Recipes : H(004) wound: crushed leaves of Vernonia sp. (umuvumavumo). are spread over the wound.
Region : Central Africa
Country : Rwanda
Vernacular name : umuvumavumo (Kinyarwanda)
Virectaria major (Schum.) Verdc.
Official name : Virectaria major (Schum.) Verdc.
Family : Rubiaceae
Symptoms : H(173)
Recipes : H(173) leprosy (ibibembe) (sometimes confused with certain skin conditions) Suck through the nose the peels powder of the dried and ground roots of the three Myrica salicifolia (umusengese). The plant Virectaria major (umukiryi), crushed and pounded, used to amplify the effect of Myrica salicifolia.
Region : Central Africa
Country : Rwanda
Vernacular name : umukiryi (Kinyarwanda)