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Reference : HM 33

Author(s) : Malgras, D. (R.P.)
Title : Arbres et arbustes guérisseurs des savanes maliennes. Editions Karthala, 22 - 24, boulevard Arago, 75013 Paris, 480 p. (1992)
Reference HM 33 has information about 143 plants :
Acacia albida Del.
Official name : Acacia albida Del.
Family : Fabaceae
Synonyms : Faidherbia albida (Delile) A. Chev.
Symptoms : V(095)
Recipes : V(095), fodder for animals, leaves, fruits, VO
Region : West Africa
Country : Mali
Vernacular name : balansan (Bambara), balanzan (Malinke) (Minyanka) (Senoufo), vinyinu (Bwa), san furu (Bobo-fing) sèngè (Dogon)
Acacia albida Del.
Official name : Acacia albida Del.
Family : Fabaceae
Synonyms : Faidherbia albida (Delile) A. Chev.
Symptoms : H(001), H(006), H(007), H(037), H(051), H(053), H(095), H(102), H(113), H(201)
Recipes : H(001) conjunctivitis, H(001) cataracts, roots decoction of Acacia albida, eyes instillations
H(006) constipation, H(006) purgative, H(126) icterus, roots decoction of Acacia albida, VO.
H(006) constipation, H(126) icterus, barks and dried pods of Acacia setigera, RNS.
H(007) diuretic, H(051) fevers, H(051) paludism, H(102) bile, decoction trunk barks of Acacia albida of Sterculia setigera, VO.,
H(037) bronchitis, H(051) fevers, powder of roots and barks of Acacia albida, RNS.
H(051) fevers,H(037) cough, trunk barks of Acacia., infusion, VO.
H(113) rheumatism, H(053) ears diseases, maceration of roots of Acacia albida, RNS.
H(053) otitis, H(053) mumps, trunk barks of Acacia., decoction, VO.
H(201) mental diseases, roots decoction of Acacia., bath, VO.
H(095) food, sugared fruits of Acaciia, VO.
Region : West Africa
Country : Mali
Vernacular name : balansan (Bambara), balanzan (Malinke) (Minyanka) (Senoufo), vinyinu (Bwa), san furu (Bobo-fing) sèngè (Dogon)
Acacia macrostachya Reichenb. ex DC.
Official name : Acacia macrostachya Reichenb. ex DC.
Family : Fabaceae
Symptoms : H(001), H(006), H(008), H(018), H(037), H(043), H(103), H(104)
Recipes : H(001) conjunctivitis, H(001) trachoma , decoction of leaves of Acacia macrostachya, eyes instillations
H(008) dysentery, H(006) purgative,H(037) cough, trunks barks of Xeroderris stuhlmannii of Pterocarpus erinaceus of Acacia macrostachya of Lannea acida, RNS.
H(008) dysentery, decoction barks and leaves of Acacia macrostachya, RNS.
H(018) sick headache, decoction of stems with leaves of Acacia., fumigation
H(043) child tetanus, powders trunks barks of Acacia., RNS.
H(103) caries, decoction of stems with leaves of Acacia macrostachya + pimento (Capsicum sp.) + salt, local application
H(104) child belly pains, barks of roots of Acacia macrostachya, RNS., enema
H(104) belly pains, decoction of leaves of Acacia., RNS.
Region : West Africa
Country : Mali
Vernacular name : nsofarangoni, porotongoni, gwenijè (Bambara), safaranwoni, mburun (Malinke), wunyukurgo (Minyanka), wukulungo (Senoufo), hibwinu (Bwa), wolo-golono (Dogon)
Acacia nilotica (L.) Willd. ex Delile
Official name : Acacia nilotica (L.) Willd. ex Delile
Family : Fabaceae
Synonyms : Acacia scorpioides (L.) W.F. Wight
Symptoms : H(001), H(006), H(008), H(053), H(076), H(103), H(104), H(108)
Recipes : H(001) cataracts, pounded roots of Acacia nilotica, fumigation
H(001) cataracts, powder of leaves calcinées of Acacia nilotica, application sur les paupières
H(008) diarrhoea, H(006) + H(104) gastro-intestinal pains, decoction barks of Acacia nilotica, VO.
H(008) dysentery, decoction barks of Acacia nilotica, enema
H(008) dysentery, cloves of Acacia., macerated, VO.
H(053) otitis, dried pods, powder, RNS.
H(076) stomatitis, H(103) gingivitis, H(076) aphtae, H(103) caries, decoction barks of Acacia nilotica, inhalations and mouth bath
H(103) caries, stems with leaves of Acacia., decoction, inhalations, mouth bath
H(108) cold, cloves without seeds of Acacia., to chew
Region : West Africa
Country : Mali
Vernacular name : baganan, baanan, bagana iri (Bambara), bwana, bagana jiri (Malinke), pakhi (Minyanka) (Senoufo), aboro (Bwa), bakani (Bobo-fing)
Acacia seyal Del.
Official name : Acacia seyal Del.
Family : Fabaceae
Symptoms : H(001), H(006), H(018), H(037), H(100), H(111), H(173)
Recipes : H(001) conjunctivitis, H(001) trachoma, macerated gum of Acacia seyal, RNS.
H(001) conjunctivitis, H(001) trachoma, stems with leaves of Acacia seyal, decoction, RNS.
H(001) conjunctivitis, H(001) trachoma, trunks barks of Acacia seyal, to boil, RNS.
H(006) purgative, H(100) syphilis, H(173) leprosy , decoction trunk barks of Acacia seyal, RNS.
H(018) cephalgy, decoction of trunk barks of Acacia. head wash
H(037) chest pains, decoction of mistletoe with leaves of Acacia, RNS.
H(111) burns, roots of Acacia seyal, RNS.
Region : West Africa
Country : Mali
Vernacular name : sajè, sagiè (Bambara), zajè, saninge, sanunge (Malinke), nyentige, nyenige (Minyanka), hibwi-fonu (Bwa)
Acacia sieberiana DC.
Official name : Acacia sieberiana DC.
Family : Fabaceae
Synonyms : Acacia sieberiana DC. var. sieberiana
Symptoms : H(007), H(013), H(038), H(068), H(097), H(100), H(102), H(108), H(173), H(179)
Recipes : H(007) diuretic,H(013) pimples, H(068) tenia, H(100) syphilis, H(102) bile, H(102) cholagogue, H(173) leprosy, roots decoction of Acacia sieberiana, RNS.
H(038) uretral pain, roots, wood of Acacia sieberiana, maceration, RNS.
H(038) uretral pain, H(100) blennorrage , leaves of Acacia sieberiana, maceration, RNS.
H(068) bilharziosis, roots and stems with leaves of Vernonia colorata of Securinega virosa of Combretum glutinosum of Acacia sieberiana, RNS.
H(097) orchitis, leaves of Acacia sieberiana, decoction, RNS.
H(108) cold, H(179) kidney diseases, leaves of Acacia sieberiana, infusion, RNS.
Region : West Africa
Country : Mali
Vernacular name : baki, bakijè, gweniba (Bambara), bagijè (Malinke), kucèrè gbage, tinyanga (Minyanka), tinyanga (Senoufo), sèngè-nambilen
Adansonia digitata L.
Official name : Adansonia digitata L.
Family : Bombacaceae
Synonyms : Adansonia sphaerocarpa A.Chev.
Symptoms : H(001), H(002), H(004), H(008), H(014), H(027), H(046), H(051), H(053), H(056), H(076), H(095), H(103), H(113), H(124), H(126), H(143)
Recipes : H(001) conjunctivitis, decoction trunk barks of Adansonia digitata, eyes instillations
H(002) lactogenic, trunks barks powder of Adansonia digitata of Sterculia setigera + son of mil, RNS.
H(004) wounds, H(124) haemorrhage, trunks barks powder of Adansonia digitata in local applications
H(004) wounds which suppurate, flour of Adansonia., local application
H(008) diarrhoea, infusion of leaves of Adansonia., VO.
H(008) diarrhoea, childs, leaves of Adansonia., VO.
H(014) skin disease, H(056) filaria, H(126) hepatitis, H(126) liver cirrhosis, empty roasted cloves, RNS.
H(027) prevention of abortion, powder of fruits of Adansonia. + flour of millet, RNS.
H(046) chicken-pox, H(143) variola, fruit pulp of Adansonia. + flour of sorgho + H2O, RNS.
H(051) fevers, H(113) inflammations, decoction trunk barks of Adansonia digitata, RNS.
H(053) otitis, decoction of fruits of Adansonia., RNS.
H(076) stomatitis, H(103) gingivitis, decoction trunk barks of Adansonia digitata, gargle
H(103) tooth ashes, pulp of trunks barks of Adansonia digitata, to chew
H(103) tooth hole, powder of roasted seeds in tooth hole
H(095) food, fruit, flour of fruits, leaves in sauces
Region : West Africa
Country : Mali
Vernacular name : sira,nsira (Bambara), sira (Malinke), zige (Minyanka), zenge (Senoufo), 'iya, 'ile (Bwa), pii (Bobo-fing), oro (Dogon)
Aframomum melegueta (Roscoe) K.Schum.
Official name : Aframomum melegueta (Roscoe) K.Schum.
Family : Zingiberaceae
Symptoms : H(008)
Recipes : H(008) diarrhoea, powder of roots of Phyllanthus reticulatus of seeds of Aframomum melegueta , RNS.
Region : West Africa
Country : Mali
Vernacular name : not communicated by the author
Afrormosia laxiflora (Benth.) Harms
Official name : Afrormosia laxiflora (Benth.) Harms
Family : Fabaceae
Synonyms : Pericopsis laxiflora (Benth.) Meeuwen , Ormosia laxiflora Benth.
Symptoms : H(005), H(037), H(068), H(091), H(103), H(109), H(113), H(126), H(139), H(189)
Recipes : H(005) face oedema, decoction of leaves of Pericopsis laxiflora of Pterocarpus erinaceus, fumigation
H(037) cough, H(103) caries, wood of Pericopsis. as tooth-picks
H(037) chest pains, decoction of roots and barks of Pericopsis laxiflora of roots and leaves of Hymenocardia acida, fumigations, bath, VO.
H(091) fortifying give courage for work, decoction of mistletoe of Dichrostachys cinerea of Pericopsis laxiflora of roots of Andropogon gayanus, douches and lotions
H(109) lumbago, H(103) stimulating dentition childs, infusion of leaves of Pericopsis., RNS.
H(113) lameness, H(068) hookworm, powder of roots and twigs of Pericopsis., RNS.
H(126) cirrhosis, roots crushed of Pericopsis laxiflora, RNS., VO.
H(126) liver cirrhosis, roots of Ficus dicranostyla of Trichilia emetica of Pericopsis laxiflora of Securidaca longipedunculata, RNS.
H(139) sexual incapacity, decoction of roots of Pericopsis laxiflora, RNS., VO.
H(189) endemic disease, powders barks of roots of Pericopsis laxiflora of Calotropis procera, fumigations, bath
Region : West Africa
Country : Mali
Vernacular name : kolokolo, mugudru (Bambara), kolo kolo (Malinke), nyanga tigbwele (Minyanka), sincime, cincime (Senoufo), nyatini (Bobo-fing), kokobi (Peuhl)
Afzelia africana Smith ex Pers.
Official name : Afzelia africana Smith ex Pers.
Family : Fabaceae
Symptoms : H(002), H(034), H(037), H(068), H(103), H(109), H(113), H(139), H(152), H(156)
Recipes : H(002) lactogenics,H(037) pneumonia, H(034) tachycardia, powder barks of Afzela africana, VO.
H(068) onchocerciasis, maceration of roots of Diospyros mespiliformis of Vitex doniana of Tamarindus indica of Afzela africana, RNS.
H(103) tooth ashes, boiled barks of Afzelia., gargle
H(109) lumbago, boiled barks of Afzelia., RNS.
H(113) lameness, soft leaves of Afzelia. decoction, RNS.
H(152) hypotension, roots decoction of Afzela africana, VO.
H(156) whooping-cough, H(139) sexual incapacity, roots decoction of Afzelia., RNS.
Region : West Africa
Country : Mali
Vernacular name : lenge (Bambara), linge, danga (Malinke), cenge, kacinge (Minyanka), tiinge, ticige (Senoufo), kibi (Bobo-fing), pettohi (Peuhl)
Anacardium occidentale L.
Official name : Anacardium occidentale L.
Family : Anacardiaceae
Symptoms : H(006), H(008), H(037), H(046), H(092), H(094), H(095), H(100), H(104), H(113), H(126), H(151), H(161), H(152), H(171)
Recipes : H(006) laxative, fruit (cajou nuts) of Anacardium occidentale, VO.
H(008) dysentery, H(171) diabetes, H(152) hypotension, extract of barks of Anacardium occidentale, maceration, RNS.
H(037) cough, roots of Anacardium occidentale, decoction, VO.
H(046) chicken-pox, H(104) colics, fresh leaves of Anacardium occidentale, barks of Nauclea latifolia, maceration, RNS.
H(092) toxic, fruit (cajou nuts) when crushed product a quality oil but toxic
H(094) haemorrhoids, H(100) blennorrage, H(113) lameness, leaves of Anacardium., decoction, VO.
H(095) food, cajou apple, VO., the almond is used un pastry
H(126) jaundice, trunks barks of Anacardium. en decoction, bath, VO.
H(151) hypertension, H(171) diabetes, stems with leaves of Anacardium., decoction, bath, VO.
H(161) warts, corrosive juice of du pericarp of Anacardium., local application
Region : West Africa
Country : Mali
Vernacular name : jibarani, darakase (Bambara), jibarani (Malinke), komi gason (Senoufo), mali sow (Bobo-fing)
Andira inermis D.C.
Official name : Andira inermis D.C.
Family : Papilionaceae
Symptoms : H(055), H(068), H(093), H(113), H(201)
Recipes : H(055) vomitive, H(093) antidote, roots of Andira inermis, VO. (pay care, barks are toxic)
H(068) vermifuge, decoction barks of Andira inermis, VO. (careful use)
H(113) lameness, stems with leaves and barks, decoction, bath
H(201) psychosomatic illness, infusion of leaves of Andira., RNS.
Region : West Africa
Country : Mali
Vernacular name : kinedu (Bambara)
Andropogon gayanus Kunth
Official name : Andropogon gayanus Kunth
Family : Poaceae
Symptoms : H(091)
Recipes : H(091) fortifying give courage for work, decoction of mistletoe of Dichrostachys cinerea of Pericopsis laxiflora of roots of Andropogon gayanus, douches and lotions
Region : West Africa
Country : Mali
Vernacular name : not communicated by the author
Annona senegalensis Pers.
Official name : Annona senegalensis Pers.
Family : Annonaceae
Synonyms : Annona arenaria Thonn. , Annona chrysophylla Bojer
Symptoms : H(002), H(013), H(020), H(022), H(033), H(068), H(109)
Recipes : H(002) lactogenic, H(033) sterility, trunks barks of Annona senegalensis en powder
H(008) amoebian dysentery, H(100) syphilis, roots of Annona., RNS.
H(013) abscess, H(100) blennorrage, H(109) lumbago, H(179) nephritis, maceration of roots of Annona senegalensis
H(013) abscess, porridge of roots of Annona senegalensis, and massage to mature the abscess
H(020) fibers of roots as a tourniquet again the stings of scorpio
H(022) woman delivery , fibers of roots crushed of Annona., RNS.
H(068) onchocerciasis, roots decoction of Annona senegalensis of Securidaca longipedunculata of Vitex doniana, RNS.
Region : West Africa
Country : Mali
Vernacular name : daga, dagan, danga, mande sunsun (Bambara), dahen, maninka sunsun (Malinke), mugumon (Minyanka), namurungo, namulgho (Senoufo), likiri (Bobo-fing), kunu (Dogon), dukumu (Dogon)
Annona squamosa L.
Official name : Annona squamosa L.
Family : Annonaceae
Symptoms : H(008), H(039), H(068), H(095)
Recipes : H(008) diarrhoea, fruit of Annona squamosa, VO.
H(039) insecticide, H(068) vermifuge, decoction of leaves of Annona., RNS.
H(095) food, fruit , VO.
Region : West Africa
Country : Mali
Vernacular name : tubabu sunsun (Bambara)
Anogeissus leiocarpa (DC.) Guill. & Perr.
Official name : Anogeissus leiocarpa (DC.) Guill. & Perr.
Family : Combretaceae
Synonyms : Anogeissus schimperi Hochst. ex Hutch. & Dalziel
Symptoms : H(006), H(008), H(051), H(075), H(108), H(116), H(126)
Recipes : H(006) constipation, H(051) paludism, H(075) anorexia, H(126) icterus, powder trunks barks of Anogeissus leiocarpa + flour of mil, RNS.
H(108) cold, powder trunks barks of Anogeissus leiocarpa, infusion, VO.
H(008) amoebian dysentery, H(018) sick headache, stems with leaves of Anogeissus. , decoction , VO.
H(126) jaundice, decoction of leaves of Anogeissus, bath, VO.
H(116) amenorrhoea, H(126) icterus, powder of mistletoe with leaves
Region : West Africa
Country : Mali
Vernacular name : ngalama, nkalama (Bambara), kerekete (Malinke), gaama, ganga (Minyanka), nankama, nagalaba (Senoufo), éminu (Bwa), didii (Bobo-fing), sigilu (Dogon), kojoli (Peuhl)
Azadirachta indica A. Juss.
Official name : Azadirachta indica A. Juss.
Family : Meliaceae
Synonyms : Melia azadirachta L.
Symptoms : V(095)
Recipes : Vc(095), goat fodder, too bitter for sheep and cow
Region : West Africa
Country : Mali
Vernacular name : sa furani (Bambara), neem (Minyanka) (Senoufo) (Bwa) (Bobo-fing)
Azadirachta indica A. Juss.
Official name : Azadirachta indica A. Juss.
Family : Meliaceae
Synonyms : Melia azadirachta L.
Symptoms : H(013), H(014), H(020), H(051), H(068), H(104), H(126), H(173)
Recipes : H(013) skin diseases, H(173) leprosy, fermented juice of barks of Azadirachta indica, local application .
H(014) skin disease, H(020) analgic for stings of scorpio, H(051) fevers, decoction barks of Azadirachta indica, RNS.
H(051) fevers, H(051) paludism, H(104) gastric ulcer, decoction of leaves of Azadirachta, RNS
H(068) ascaris, decoction of leaves of Azadirachta indica of Cassia siamea, VO.
H(126) icterus, roots of Carica papaya of Cassia siamea of Azadirachta indica + lemon tree, decoction, VO., bath
Region : West Africa
Country : Mali
Vernacular name : sa furani (Bambara), neem (Minyanka) (Senoufo) (Bwa) (Bobo-fing)
Balanites aegyptiaca (L.) Delile
Official name : Balanites aegyptiaca (L.) Delile
Family : Zygophyllaceae
Synonyms : Balanites gillettii Cufod.
Symptoms : H(006), H(008), H(051x), H(053), H(055), H(057), H(077), H(082), H(099), H(100), H(103), H(126)
Recipes : H(006) purgative, H(006) constipation, H(055) emetic, H(077) nausea, H(126) icterus graves, maceration trunk barks of Balanites aegyptiaca, VO.
H(006) purgative, H(008) amoebian dysentery, H(099) calming, maceration barks and roots of Balanites aegyptiaca, VO.
H(006) laxative, H(126) icterus, decorticated fruits of Balanites.
H(006) purgative, fruits pulp of Balanites aegyptyaca, RNS.
H(051x) yellow fever, H(100) syphilis, H(126) icterus, decoction barks roots of Balanites aegyptiaca, VO.
H(053) otitis, maceration of pounded leaves, RNS.
H(057) goiter, powder of leaves of Balanites., RNS.
H(068) tenia, cooked almond, VO.
H(068) vermifuge, decoction trunk barks of Balanites aegyptiaca of Cordyla pinnata of Leptadenia hastata, VO.
H(082) respiratory diseases, roots and leaves of Diospyros mespiliformis of Balanites aegyptiaca of Khaya senegalensis of coton, fumigation
H(103) caries, decoction of stems with leaves of Balanites., gargle, inhalations
H(113) rheumatism, fruits oil of Balanites aegyptyaca, massages
Region : West Africa
Country : Mali
Vernacular name : nsègènè (Bambara), sègènè (Malinke), sikha woro (Minyanka), sancere logolo (Senoufo), bwolio (Bwa), kône nômon san (Bobo-fing), tane tani (Peuhl), molo (Dogon)
Bauhinia rufescens Lam.
Official name : Bauhinia rufescens Lam.
Family : Fabaceae
Synonyms : Piliostigma rufescens (Lam.) Benth.
Symptoms : H(001), H(007), H(008), H(104), H(051), H(053), H(091), H(102), H(173)
Recipes : H(001) ophtalmia, H(091) fortifying, decoction of stems with leaves of Bauhinia rufescens, VO.
H(001) conjunctivitis, roots decoction of Bauhinia rufescens, fumigation
H(008) diarrhoea, H(008) dysentery, H(102) cholagogue, leaves of Bauhinia rufescens, maceration (H2O), RNS.
H(008) important diarrhoea, decoction of stems with leaves of Bauhinia rufescens of roots of Ziziphus mauritiana, VO.
H(051) fever, H(007) diuretic, H(008) + H(104) enteralgic, roots of Bauhinia rufescens, hot decoction, VO.
H(053) mumps, H(173) leprosy, powder trunk barks of Bauhinia.
H(091) kwashiorkor, H(102) bile, infusion of stems with leaves of Bauhinia., VO.
Region : West Africa
Country : Mali
Vernacular name : geseme (Bambara), sifile iri (Malinke), sa-dela, sa-delle (Dogon), namali (Peuhl)
Bombax costatum Pellegr. & Vuill.
Official name : Bombax costatum Pellegr. & Vuill.
Family : Bombacaceae
Symptoms : H(007), H(008), H(018), H(068), H(091), H(104), H(115)
Recipes : H(007) diuretic, barks and roots of Bombax costatum, decoction, VO.
H(008) diarrhoea, H(008) dysentery, H(104) belly pains, powder of resin of Bombax costatum, VO.
H(018) sick headache, trunk barks of Bombax., decoction, fumigation, head wash
H(068) hookworm, youg leaves of Bombax., decoction, VO.
H(068) tenia, flowers cup of Bombax mixed with black soap, RNS.
H(091) stimulating to march (child), roots of Syzygium guineense of Bombax costatum of Combretum glutinosum, decoction, RNS.
H(115) neuritis, stems with leaves of Bombax., decoction, VO.
Region : West Africa
Country : Mali
Vernacular name : bumu (Bambara) (Malinke), tanga, tanga (Minyanka), tanga, zantalga (Senoufo), dooto (Bwa), togodo, tungulu (Dogon), bumbuwi, kuruhi (Peuhl)
Borassus flabellifer var. aethiopum (Mart.) Warb.
Official name : Borassus flabellifer var. aethiopum (Mart.) Warb.
Family : Arecaceae
Synonyms : Borassus aethiopum Mart.
Symptoms : H(130)
Recipes : H(130) paralysis, leaves of Ficus thonningii, leaves and fruit of Borassus aethiopum, decoction, bath, fumigations, massages, VO.
Region : West Africa
Country : Mali
Vernacular name : not communicated by the author
Boscia angustifolia A. Rich.
Official name : Boscia angustifolia A. Rich.
Family : Capparaceae
Symptoms : H(008), H(018), H(068), H(078), H(102), H(113), H(115), H(139), H(179)
Recipes : H(008) diarrhoea, powder trunks barks of Boscia angustifolia, en potion, VO.
H(018) cephalgy, H(115) neuralgia, H(179) kidney diseases, decoction trunks barks of Boscia., VO.
H(068) bilharziosis, H(100) blennorrage, powder trunks barks of Boscia angustifolia of Sterculia setigera, Boscia angustifolia, VO.
H(078) uterus tumour, powder barks of Boscia angustifolia of leaves of Combretum nigricans, RNS.
H(102) cholagogue, decoction of leaves and twigs of Boscia, VO.
H(113) rheumatism, pounded barks of Boscia senegalensis of Boscia angustifolia of Securidaca longipedunculata, pounded in H2O, RNS.
H(139) sexual incapacity, roots powder of Boscia angustifolia, RNS.
Region : West Africa
Country : Mali
Vernacular name : cèkoroninkolo, kesebere, berejè (Bambara), nose, tutigi (Malinke), tegelena (Minyanka) (Senoufo), nubowewe (Bwa), sel'pili, selem pilu (Dogon)
Boscia senegalensis (Pers.) Lam. ex Poir.
Official name : Boscia senegalensis (Pers.) Lam. ex Poir.
Family : Capparaceae
Symptoms : H(013), H(014), H(037), H(104), H(113), H(139)
Recipes : H(013) abscess, pounded leaves in H2O, paste, local application
H(014) nettle-rash, powder of youg leaves of Boscia., maceration, RNS.
H(037) pneumonia, infusion of leaves of Boscia., VO.
H(104) belly pains, H(104) colics, leaves of Boscia. pounded and dried, VO., powder or VO.
H(113) lameness, infusion of leaves of Boscia., bath
H(113) rheumatism, pounded barks of Boscia senegalensis of Boscia angustifolia of Securidaca longipedunculata, pounded in H2O, RNS.
H(113) articular pains, crushed leaves of Boscia. en local application
H(139) sexual incapacity, roots powder of Boscia senegalensis + others, RNS.
Region : West Africa
Country : Mali
Vernacular name : bere, cèkoroninkolo (Bambara), beli, tegelena (Minyanka), tegelena (Senoufo), gijili (Peuhl), ba, se
Bridelia ferruginea Benth.
Official name : Bridelia ferruginea Benth.
Family : Phyllanthaceae
Symptoms : V(095)
Recipes : Vc(095), goat fodder, leaves are a very good fodder
Region : West Africa
Country : Mali
Vernacular name : dafi sagwan, sagwan baboni (Bambara), sawan (Malinke), ndiriwo (Minyanka), nyirinwo, jiringbo (Senoufo), du'upapa (Bwa)
Bridelia ferruginea Benth.
Official name : Bridelia ferruginea Benth.
Family : Phyllanthaceae
Symptoms : H(001), H(008), H(008x), H(014), H(018), H(095), H(103), H(108), H(151)
Recipes : H(001) conjunctivitis, roots of Bridelia ferruginea, maceration, eyes instillation
H(001) conjunctivitis, trunks barks of Bridelia ferruginea, maceration, eyes instillation
H(008) dysentery, H(151) hypertension, decoction roots of Bridelia., VO.
H(008) dysentery, H(151) hypertension, cooked meat in the decoction roots of Bridelia., VO.
H(008) dysentery, powder trunks barks of Bridelia., RNS.
H(008x) diarrhoea with blood, H(094) haemorrhoids, H(108) cold, stems with leaves, decoction, RNS.
H(008) dysentery, H(103) gingivitis, decoction trunk barks of Bridelia., mouth bath
H(018) sick headache,H(014) itch, decoction of leaves of Bridelia., RNS.
H(103) tooth ashes, maceration leaves of Bridelia., RNS.
H(108) cold, decoction trunk barks of Bridelia., VO.
H(095) food, fruits
Region : West Africa
Country : Mali
Vernacular name : dafi sagwan, sagwan baboni (Bambara), sawan (Malinke), ndiriwo (Minyanka), nyirinwo, jiringbo (Senoufo), du'upapa (Bwa)
Bridelia micrantha (Hochst.) Baillon
Official name : Bridelia micrantha (Hochst.) Baillon
Family : Phyllanthaceae
Symptoms : H(001), H(007), H(008), H(051), H(102), H(103), H(104), H(113), H(126), H(152)
Recipes : H(001) conjunctivitis, trunks barks of Bridelia micrantha , decoction, eyes instillations
H(006) constipation, H(104) colics, maceration trunks barks of Bridelia micrantha , RNS
H(007) diuretic, H(051) fevers, H(051) paludism, H(102) bile, H(104) belly pains, H(113) myalgia, H(126) icterus, stems with leaves of Bridelia micrantha, decoction, RNS.
H(008) dysentery, H(152) hypotension, roots decoction of Bridelia micrantha , RNS..
H(104) child belly pains, maceration leaves of Bridelia., VO.
H(103) gingivitis, trunks barks of Bridelia micrantha , decoction, mouth bath
Region : West Africa
Country : Mali
Vernacular name : sagwan (Bambara) (Malinke), ndiriwo (Minyanka), nyiringbo (Senoufo), du'upapa (Bwa)
Butyrospermum paradoxum (Gaertner f.) Hepper
Official name : Butyrospermum paradoxum (Gaertner f.) Hepper
Family : Sapotaceae
Symptoms : H(003), H(004), H(008), H(014), H(016), H(018), H(037), H(045), H(046), H(051), H(053), H(068), H(113), H(126), H(170)
Recipes : H(003) contusions, H(003) sprains, trunks barks of Combretum micranthum, grinded in karite butter (Butyrospermum paradoxum), massages
H(003) swollen body parts, powder of roots of Calotropis procera in karite butter (Butyrospermum paradoxum), massage
H(004) wounds,H(014) itch, pounded barks of Psorospermum corymbiferum with karite butter (Butyrospermum paradoxum), local application
H(004) wounds, H(045) cicatrizing, powder barks of Khaya senegalensis + karite butter (Butyrospermum paradoxum), local application
H(008) diarrhoea, decoction of leaves of Ximenia americana with karite butter (Butyrospermum paradoxum), RNS.
H(008) diarrhoea, decoction of stems with leaves of Opilia celtidifolia with karite butter (Butyrospermum paradoxum), RNS.
H(014) itching, boiled roots of Ficus exasperata + karite butter (Butyrospermum paradoxum), local applications
H(016) inflammation of the mammary glands, fruit ashes of Kigelia africana in karite butter (Butyrospermum paradoxum), sweet massages
H(018) cephalgy, decoction trunk barks of Sclerocarya birrea, karite butter (Butyrospermum paradoxum), paste, forehead application
H(037) cough, seeds of Lannea microcarpa of stems with leaves of Butyrospermum paradoxum, tea
H(046) chicken-pox, trunks barks of Sclerocarya birrea, barks of Butyrospermum paradoxum, maceration (H2O), RNS.
H(051) fevers, H(051) paludism, H(170) common dropsi, H(126) icterus, fresh boiled leaves of Cassia occidentalis in karite butter (Butyrospermum paradoxum), RNS.
H(053) mumps, wood ashes of Calotropis. in karite butter (Butyrospermum paradoxum), massages
H(068) onchocerciasis , mistletoe powder of Cola cordifolia in karite butter (Butyrospermum pardoxum), body massages
H(113) hip disease, roots ashes of Ozoroa pulcherrima mixed with karite butter (Butyrospermum paradoxum), massage
Region : West Africa
Country : Mali
Vernacular name : not communicated by the author
Calotropis procera (Aiton) W.T.Aiton
Official name : Calotropis procera (Aiton) W.T.Aiton
Family : Apocynaceae
Synonyms : Asclepias procera Aiton
Symptoms : V(092)
Recipes : V(092) arrow poison, latex of Calotropis procera
Region : West Africa
Country : Mali
Vernacular name : tumfafiya, sukunaji bara (Bambara), pomponpogolo (Malinke), solijongo (Minyanka), komitigi, tomitigi (Senoufo), pupu (Bwa), bamanbè (Peuhl)
Calotropis procera (Aiton) W.T.Aiton
Official name : Calotropis procera (Aiton) W.T.Aiton
Family : Apocynaceae
Synonyms : Asclepias procera Aiton
Symptoms : H(003), H(013), H(014), H(018), H(020), H(053), H(055), H(068), H(082), H(092), H(093), H(113), H(126), H(179), H(189)
Recipes : H(003) swollen body parts, powder of roots of Calotropis procera in karite butter (Butyrospermum paradoxum), massage
H(013) ulcer,H(013) boils, latex of Calotropis., local application
H(014) tinea,H(014) mycosia, green fresh leaves of Calotropis., maceration (H2O), local massages
H(018) sick headache, H(068) small intestinal worms, green fresh leaves of Calotropis., maceration (H2O), RNS.
H(020) snake, H(093) antidote, barks of Parkia biglobosa of Calotropis procera of Stereospermum kunthianum, RNS.
H(053) mumps, wood ashes of Calotropis. in karite butter (Butyrospermum paradoxum), massages
H(055) vomitive, roots of Calotropis. , maceration in the latex, RNS.
H(082) asthma, latex of Calotropis. in curdled milk
H(092) arrow poison, latex of Calotropis procera
H(093) antidote, roots of Calotropis. pounded in an omelet, VO.
H(093) antidote, H(126) hepatitis, nephritis, powders of roots, RNS.
H(113) arthritis, roots of Calotropis. bouillies, massage
H(126) icterus, roots of Calotropis. bouillies, VO.
H(126) hepatitis, H(126) H(126) cirrhosiss, H(179) nephritis, ashes of fresh stems and of roots, RNS.
H(189) endemic disease, powders barks of roots of Pericopsis laxiflora of Calotropis procera, fumigations, bath
Region : West Africa
Country : Mali
Vernacular name : tumfafiya, sukunaji bara (Bambara), pomponpogolo (Malinke), solijongo (Minyanka), komitigi, tomitigi (Senoufo), pupu (Bwa), bamanbè (Peuhl)
Capparis tomentosa Lam.
Official name : Capparis tomentosa Lam.
Family : Capparaceae
Synonyms : Capparis polymorpha Guill. & Pers. , Capparis persicifolia A.Rich.
Symptoms : H(006), H(007), H(092), H(100), H(104)
Recipes : H(104) colics, infusion of roots of Capparis tomentosa, VO.
H(006) purgative, H(007) diuretic, H(100) blennorrage, H(100) syphilis, roots decoction of Capparis., VO.
H(092) toxic, fruit and roots of Capparis. Could be toxic
Region : West Africa
Country : Mali
Vernacular name : jatabeli (Bambara), donkati, jatabeli (Malinke), dunguruwo (Minyanka) (Senoufo), cènuan (Bwa), gumi dalevi (Peuhl)
Carapa procera DC.
Official name : Carapa procera DC.
Family : Meliaceae
Symptoms : H(001), H(006), H(051), H(056), H(093), H(103), H(113), H(126), H(173)
Recipes : H(001) conjunctivitis, H(001) cataracts, mistletoe with leaves of Carapa procera, decoction, eyes instillation
H(006) purgative, H(051) fevers, H(113) rheumatism, seeds oil of Carapa procera, RNS.
H(051) fevers, barks of Caropa., RNS.
H(051) fevers, H(051) paludism, H(126) icterus, stems with leaves of Carapa., trunks barks, RNS.
H(056) filaire, ashes of death branches of Carapa., RNS.
H(093) antidote, roots of Carapa., decoction, RNS
H(103) caries, leaves and mistletoe with leaves of Carapa, decoction, inhalations and mouth bath
H(113) arthritis, stems with leaves of Carapa., decoction, RNS. .
H(173) leprosy, roots of Carapa., decoction froide, RNS.
Region : West Africa
Country : Mali
Vernacular name : kobi, tulunkuna (Bambara), kobi, tulukuna (Malinke), kobi (Senoufo)
Carica papaya L.
Official name : Carica papaya L.
Family : Caricaceae
Symptoms : H(004), H(051), H(068), H(075), H(100), H(103), H(126)
Recipes : H(004) purulent wounds, local applications of slices of green fruits, local application
H(051) paludism, decoction of leaves of Carica papaya of Mangifera indica, VO.
H(068) small intestinal worms, H(068) ascaris, H(068) tenia, powder of dried seeds, infusion
H(068) small intestinal worms, latex, VO.
H(068) ascaris, latex, + laxative, VO.
H(075) appetizer, decoction + sugar, VO.
H(100) blennorrage, leaves crushed in H2O + salt, VO.
H(103) tooth ashes, powder of roots of Carica papaya
H(126) icterus, roots of Carica papaya of Cassia siamea of Azadirachta indica + lemon tree, decoction, VO., bath
H(126) icterus, green leaves of Carica papaya, crushed + manioc (Manihot esculenta), VO., VO.
H(126) jaundice, leaves crushed in H2O + salt, VO.
H(126) icterus, green fruits in the meal
Region : West Africa
Country : Mali
Vernacular name : manje (Bambara), manayi (Minyanka) (Senoufo), maye (Bwa)
Carissa edulis (Forssk.) Vahl
Official name : Carissa edulis (Forssk.) Vahl
Family : Apocynaceae
Synonyms : Carissa xylopicron Thouars , Carissa pubescens A. DC. , Carissa spinarum L.
Symptoms : H(068), H(086), H(095)
Recipes : H(068) internal parasitism, roots decoction of Carissa edulis, VO.
H(068) small intestinal worms, stems with leaves of Fadogia erythrophloea of Khaya senegalensis of Carissa edulis, RNS.
H(086) adenitis, scraped roots of Carissa edulis, local applications
H(095) food, fruiits VO., or in jam
Region : West Africa
Country : Mali
Vernacular name : kumakuma (Bambara), tumboroba (Malinke), kabon, kabvon (Minyanka), suruku ntombolo, kabvon (Senoufo)
Cassia alata L.
Official name : Cassia alata L.
Family : Fabaceae
Synonyms : Senna alata (L.) Roxb.
Symptoms : H(006), H(014), H(100), H(102), H(104)
Recipes : H(006) constipation, pounded leaves of Cassia alata + sap of Euphorbia sudanica in a broth, VO.
H(006) purgative, H(104) belly pains, infusion of leaves of Cassia, VO.
H(014) skin disease,H(014) herpes, leaves of Cassia. pounded and macerated in ointment
H(100) blennorrage, roots of Cassia alata, decoction, VO.
H(102) bile, decoction of leaves of Cassia alata, VO.
H(102) bile, roots of Cassia alata, decoction, bath, VO.
Region : West Africa
Country : Mali
Vernacular name : kontaba, kotaba (Bambara), kontaba, jaramaa (Malinke)
Cassia occidentalis L.
Official name : Cassia occidentalis L.
Family : Fabaceae
Synonyms : Senna occidentalis (L.) Link
Symptoms : H(001), H(005), H(007), H(008), H(018), H(022), H(051), H(051x), H(075), H(082), H(104), H(126), H(139), H(170)
Recipes : H(001) conjunctivitis, decoction stems with leaves of Cassia occidentalis, eyes bath
H(005) face oedema, fresh leaves of Cassia occidentalis in local application
H(007) diuretic, infusion of leaves of Cassia occidentalis, VO.
H(007) diuretic, leaves of Cassia., decoction, VO.
H(008) + H(104) stomach diseases, H(051) fevers, H(051) paludism, H(082) asthma,VO. from roasted seeds (as a sweet coffee)
H(018) cephalgy, decoction stems with leaves of Cassia., inhalations and lotions
H(051) fevers, H(051) paludism, H(170) common dropsi, H(126) icterus, fresh leaves of Cassia occidentalis boiled in karite butter (Butyrospermum paradoxum), RNS.
H(051) fevers, H(139) sexual incapacity, infusion or decoction of powder of roots of Cassia occidentalis
H(051) fevers,H(022) made easier a difficult delivery, green leaves of Cassia, decoction filtrée, VO.
H(051) fevers of a woman during the delivery, H(051) paludism, H(051x) yellow fever, H(170) common dropsi, stems with leaves en decoction, RNS.
H(075) appetizer, leaves of Cassia. in a light couscous
Region : West Africa
Country : Mali
Vernacular name : npalanpalan, nbalafin (Bambara), sumakala, bentamare (Malinke), suma'o (Bwa), nanu pira (Bobo-fing), kangala-dengele (Dogon), tasbati (Peuhl)
Cassia siamea Lam.
Official name : Cassia siamea Lam.
Family : Fabaceae
Synonyms : Senna siamea (DC.) Irwin & Barneby
Symptoms : H(068), H(126)
Recipes : H(068) ascaris, decoction of leaves of Azadirachta indica of Cassia siamea, VO.
H(126) icterus, roots of Carica papaya of Cassia siamea of Azadirachta indica + lemon tree, decoction, VO., bath
Region : West Africa
Country : Mali
Vernacular name : not communicated by the author
Cassia sieberiana DC.
Official name : Cassia sieberiana DC.
Family : Fabaceae
Synonyms : Cassia kotschyana Oliv.
Symptoms : H(001), H(002), H(006), H(007), H(018), H(022), H(051), H(068), H(091), H(104), H(116), H(124), H(139), H(170)
Recipes : H(001) eyes troubles, H(006) constipation, H(068) onchocerciasis, H(091) asthenia, maceration of roots of Cassia sieberiana of Securidaca longipedunculata, RNS.
H(002) lactogenics, H(006) purgative, H(051) paludism, H(018) sick headache, H(104) belly pains, H(091) asthenia, H(139) sexual incapacity, maladie vénérienne, roots decoction of Cassia sieberiana, VO.
H(002) lactogenics, H(007) diuretic, H(051) fevers, H(124) haemostatic, infusion of leaves of Cassia sieberiana, RNS.
H(006) purgative, trunks barks of Cassia., RNS.
H(006) purgative, flowers dried and pounded of Cassia., RNS.
H(006) laxative, yellow pulp of fruits of Cassia., RNS.
H(006) purgative, H(051) fevers, barks of Khaya senegalensis of Guiera senegalensis of Cassia sieberana, maceration, RNS.
H(007) diuretic, H(068) tenia, infusion barks of roots of Cassia sieberiana, VO.
H(022) made easier the delivery, roots decoction of Cassia sieberiana, bath, VO.
H(051) paludism, leaves and roots of Cassia sieberiana of Nauclea latifolia, bath and fumigations
H(116) to bring the oestral cycle regular, roots decoction of Cassia sieberiana of Guiera senegalensis, RNS.
H(170) common dropsi, H(195) hydropisy, maceration of roots of Piliostigma reticulatum of Cassia sieberiana, RNS.
Region : West Africa
Country : Mali
Vernacular name : sinjan, sinsan, banga (Bambara), sinzan (Malinke), birikanwo, birikanyi, shinanga (Minyanka), zango cige, zangwo, jirintonon (Senoufo), è'èbinu (Bwa), nyedo balambele, saria da (Bobo-fing), munjun-dengele (Dogon), gama fadahi (Peuhl)
Cassia tora L.
Official name : Cassia tora L.
Family : Fabaceae
Synonyms : Cassia obtusifolia L. , Senna obtusifolia (L.) H.S.Irwin & Barneby
Symptoms : H(008), H(013), H(014)
Recipes : H(006) purgative, roots of Cassia tora, RNS.
H(006) purgative, H(008) diarrhoea, childs,H(013) ulcer,H(014) impetigo, leaves of Cassia tora, RNS.
H(006) laxative, seeds pounded of Cassia tora, RNS.
Region : West Africa
Country : Mali
Vernacular name : npyelu, sifla (Bambara), nzèlu (Malinke), swire (Bwa), ulo (Peuhl)
Ceiba pentandra (L.) Gaertn.
Official name : Ceiba pentandra (L.) Gaertn.
Family : Bombacaceae
Symptoms : H(001), H(013), H(043), H(095), H(103), H(124), H(126)
Recipes : H(001) purulent conjunctivitis , decoction of leaves of Ceiba pentandra, eyes instilatlations
H(013) tooth abscess, H(103) gingivitis, decoction trunks barks of Ceiba pentandra, gargle, mouth bath
H(043) child tetanus, green leaves of Ceiba. crushed, RNS.
H(095) food, young fruits
H(124) haemostatic (circoncision) fruit fibers of Ceiba.
H(126) icterus, boiled trunks barks of Ceiba pentandra, RNS.
Region : West Africa
Country : Mali
Vernacular name : banan (Bambara) (Malinke), shienge (Minyanka), shienge, shinge (Senoufo), tyaa (Bwa), pirii (Bobo-fing)
Cola cordifolia R. Br.
Official name : Cola cordifolia R. Br.
Family : Sterculiaceae
Symptoms : H(013), H(037), H(068), H(173)
Recipes : H(013) abscess,H(013) ulcers, barks of Cola cordifolia, plaster
H(037) bronchitis,H(037) pulmonary diseases, maceration des trunk barks of Cola cordifolia, RNS.
H(068) onchocerciasis , mistletoe powder of Cola cordifolia in karite butter (Butyrospermum pardoxum), body massages
H(173) leprosy, maceration of leaves of Cola., RNS.
Region : West Africa
Country : Mali
Vernacular name : ntaba (Bambara) (Malinke), wongo (Minyanka), woma, wongo (Senoufo), tabai (Peuhl)
Combretum adenogonium Steud. ex A. Rich.
Official name : Combretum adenogonium Steud. ex A. Rich.
Family : Combretaceae
Synonyms : Combretum fragrans F. Hoffm. , Combretum ghasalense Engl. & Diels
Symptoms : H(004), H(008), H(037), H(091), H(111)
Recipes : H(004) wounds, H(111) burns, decoction of leaves dried of Combretum fragrans, to wash
H(004) wounds, powder of crushed fruits of Combretum fragrans, local application
H(008) amoebian dysentery, H(091) restorative, maceration of leaves of Combretum fragrans of Lannea acida of Saba senegalensis, RNS.
H(008) glairy diarrhoea, decoction of stems with leaves of Combretum. , RNS. - -H(037) cough, stem of Combretum, to chew
Region : West Africa
Country : Mali
Vernacular name : cangarajè (Bambara), (Malinke), bashi, cintiriye, cangara ble (Minyanka), bashi, dafologo (Senoufo), henbahia (Bwa), doki, dadami saa (Bobo-fing), doki (Peuhl)
Combretum glutinosum Perr. ex DC.
Official name : Combretum glutinosum Perr. ex DC.
Family : Combretaceae
Symptoms : H(001), H(004), H(005), H(013), H(037), H(051), H(068), H(091), H(100), H(102), H(108), H(113), H(126)
Recipes : H(001) conjunctivitis, decoction of stems with leaves of Combretum glutinosum, eyes instillations
H(004) wounds, decoction of leaves of Combretum glutinosum, local application
H(004) wounds,H(013) chancres, H(100) syphilis, dried fruits and pounded, local application
H(005) face oedema, H(051) paludism, H(091) anemia, H(126) icterus, gastrite child, H(102) cholagogue, H(113) anti-inflammatory, decoction of stems with leaves of Combretum.
H(037) chest pains, decoction of leaves of Combretum., bath, fumigation
H(037) cough,H(037) bronchitis, H(108) colds, H(051) fevers (childs), decoction of leaves of Combretum glutinosum, VO.
H(051) paludism, H(126) icterus, extremity of soft leaves of Combretum glutinosum, decoction, VO.
H(068) bilharziosis, roots and stems with leaves of Vernonia colorata of Securinega virosa of Combretum glutinosum of Acacia sieberiana, RNS.
H(091) stimulating the walk (child), roots of Syzygium guineense of Bombax costatum of Combretum glutinosum, decoction, RNS.
H(091) stimulating again fatigue, decoction of leaves of Combretum., bath, lotions
Region : West Africa
Country : Mali
Vernacular name : cangara, cangwèrèbilen (Bambara), jamba, jambakatan (Malinke), kogolo - kagala, tikorgo, surkurgo (Minyanka), sikogo, sukorgo, tikoogho (Senoufo), maco (Bwa), intianon (Bobo-fing), guzon-pilu (Dogon), dooki (pe)
Combretum micranthum G. Don
Official name : Combretum micranthum G. Don
Family : Combretaceae
Synonyms : Combretum raimbaultii Heck. , Combretum altum Perr.
Symptoms : H(001), H(003), H(006), H(008), H(018), H(037), H(051), H(068), H(075), H(076), H(077), H(102), H(104), H(113), H(126), H(135), H(151)
Recipes : H(001) eyes diseases, roots decoction of Combretum micranthum, eyes instillation
H(003) contusions, H(003) sprains, trunks barks of Combretum. grinded in karite butter (Butyrospermum paradoxum), massages
H(006) constipation, H(126) icterus, H(104) gastritis, H(135) indigestion, H(113) myalgia, powder of roots of Combretum micranthum, RNS.
H(008) diarrhoea, H(018) sick headache, H(075) anorexia, H(077) anti-vomitive, H(151) hypertension, decoction of leaves of Combretum micranthum, VO.
H(037) cough,H(037) bronchitis, H(051) paludism, H(051) fevers, H(102) bile, leaves dried, crushed, tea, VO.
H(051) fever, infusion of roots of Combretum., VO.
H(068), trichocephalosis, roots decoction of Combretum micranthum, VO.
H(076) stomatitis, dried fruits and pounded of Combretum.
H(104) belly pains, chopped leaves, dried + honey sirup + sugar, RNS.
Region : West Africa
Country : Mali
Vernacular name : ngolobè, nkolobè, kèlèbèbilen, kolobè (Bambara), ngolobè, bara ule (Malinke), kwolobè, tegere, gban (Minyanka), n'golobè, gban (Senoufo), bwoma'o (Bwa), tienpènè sinaa (Bobo-fing), keikei (Dogon), gugumi (pe)
Combretum molle R. Br.
Official name : Combretum molle R. Br.
Family : Combretaceae
Synonyms : Combretum microlepidotum Engl.
Symptoms : H(001), H(008), H(037), H(046), H(082), H(104)
Recipes : H(001) eyes diseases, roots decoction of Combretum molle, eyes instilations
H(008) diarrhoea, stems with leaves of Combretum molle, decoction, VO.
H(037) cough, stem of Combretum, to chew
H(037) tuberculosis, powder trunks barks of Combretum.
H(037) cough, youg leaves of Combretum., macher
H(046) chicken-pox, soft leaves of Combretum. crushed, macerated, bath and VO.
H(082) asthma, leaves and roots of Combretum., decoction, VO.
H(104) belly pains, young leaves of Combretum dried and pounded, RNS.
Region : West Africa
Country : Mali
Vernacular name : nganyaka, nyanyaka (Bambara), nyanyaka (Malinke), kahajaga, kulufègbo (Minyanka), kahajaga (Senoufo), nyannua (Bwa), tonomènè (Bobo-fing), doki, buski (Peuhl)
Combretum nigricans Lepr. ex Guill. & Perr.
Official name : Combretum nigricans Lepr. ex Guill. & Perr.
Family : Combretaceae
Synonyms : Combretum elliotii Engl. & Diels
Symptoms : H(001), H(077), H(113), H(126)
Recipes : H(001) cataracts, H(001) conjunctivitis, decoction of roots, leaves, trunks barks of Combretum nigricans, eyes instilations
H(077) anti-vomitive, stems with leaves of Combretum. en decoction, VO.
H(113) rheumatism, roots, leaves, trunks barks of Combretum nigricans, maceration (H2O), local frictions
H(126) icterus, decoction of roots, leaves, trunks barks of Combretum nigricans, VO.
Region : West Africa
Country : Mali
Vernacular name : samabili, jirinimble (Bambara), kotoro, samanbili (Malinke), nafongo, kashinyire (Minyanka), nafungo (Senoufo), guzon-kèèlè (Dogon), dokigori (pe), macomina (Bwa), nihipwin (Bobo-fing)
Combretum nigricans Lepr. ex Guill. & Perr.
Official name : Combretum nigricans Lepr. ex Guill. & Perr.
Family : Combretaceae
Synonyms : Combretum elliotii Engl. & Diels
Symptoms : V(092)
Recipes : V(092) fishing poison, decoction of leaves of Combretum nigricans
Region : West Africa
Country : Mali
Vernacular name : samabili, jirinimble (Bambara), kotoro, samanbili (Malinke), nafongo, kashinyire (Minyanka), nafungo (Senoufo), guzon-kèèlè (Dogon), dokigori (pe), macomina (Bwa), nihipwin (Bobo-fing)
Commiphora africana (A. Rich.) Engl.
Official name : Commiphora africana (A. Rich.) Engl.
Family : Burseraceae
Symptoms : H(022), H(100)
Recipes : H(022) pains of pregnant femal, H(100) syphilis, H(173) leprosy, roots and barks of Commiphora africana, RNS.
Region : West Africa
Country : Mali
Vernacular name : barakante (Bambara), barkante, barakante badi (Malinke), lekotanga (Minyanka) (Senoufo), inu wanomo (Dogon), badadi (Peuhl)
Cordia myxa L.
Official name : Cordia myxa L.
Family : Boraginaceae
Symptoms : H(001), H(008), H(027y), H(051), H(054), H(068), H(124), H(179)
Recipes : H(001) cataracts, mistletoe with leaves of Cordia myxa, decoction, eyes instillation
H(008) diarrhoea, H(051) paludism, H(179) nephritis, H(054) trypanosomiasis, maceration of leaves of Cordia myxa, RNS.
H(068) onchocerciasis, roots decoction of Cordia myxa, RNS.
H(124) haemostatic, H(027y) cure post-partum, stems with leaves, RNS
Region : West Africa
Country : Mali
Vernacular name : ndege, nteke, damatere (Bambara), ndeke, ndarama, daramba (Malinke), kontinge (Senoufo)
Cordyla pinnata (Lepr. ex A. Rich.) Milne-Redh.
Official name : Cordyla pinnata (Lepr. ex A. Rich.) Milne-Redh.
Family : Fabaceae
Symptoms : H(001), H(005), H(006), H(007), H(008), H(068), H(075), H(091), H(095), H(104), H(126), H(170)
Recipes : H(001) cataracts, H(005) face oedema, decoction du mistletoe with leaves of Cordyla pinnata, RNS.
H(006) laxative, H(007) diuretic, H(170) common dropsi, H(126) liver diseases, powder trunks barks of Cordyla pinnata, RNS.
H(006) laxative, fruits of Cordyla pinnata, VO.
H(006) purgative, H(068) vermifuge, trunks barks of Cordyla pinnata macerated, RNS.
H(068) vermifuge, decoction trunk barks of Balanites aegyptiaca of Cordyla pinnata of Leptadenia hastata, VO.
H(068) vermifuge, H(091) fortifying, H(075) anorexia, H(008) + H(104) intestinal pains, roots of Cordyla pinnata macerated (H2O), RNS.
H(095) food, fruit
H(104) colics, decoction of leaves of Cordyla pinnata + salt + pimentos (Capsicum sp.) , RNS.
Region : West Africa
Country : Mali
Vernacular name : dugura, duto (Bambara), dugura (Malinke), logolanga (Minyanka), logolaa (Senoufo), duki (Peuhl)
Crossopteryx febrifuga (Afz. ex G. Don) Benth.
Official name : Crossopteryx febrifuga (Afz. ex G. Don) Benth.
Family : Rubiaceae
Synonyms : Rondeletia africana T. Winterb.
Symptoms : H(004), H(007), H(008), H(022), H(036), H(037), H(051), H(055), H(068), H(077), H(090), H(103), H(104), H(113), H(178), H(201)
Recipes : H(004) wounds, powder trunks barks of Crossopteryx febrifuga, local application
H(007) diuretic, H(055) emetics, decoction of roots and trunks barks of Crossopteryx., RNS.
H(007) diuretic, H(008) diarrhoea, H(051) fevers, H(003) swellings des membres, H(077) anti-vomitive, maceration des trunks barks of Crossopteryx., RNS.
H(022) made easier the delivery, roots decoction of Crossopteryx febrifuga, VO.
H(037) chest pains, H(091) fortifying, decoction of leaves and barks of Crossopteryx., RNS.
H(037) pneumonia, H(051) fevers, H(051) paludism, H(036) vertigo, H(068) intestinal worms, decoction of stems with leaves of Crossopteryx., RNS.
H(068) onchocerciasis, H(068) amibiasiss, powder of leaves, maceration, VO.
H(103) gingivitis, decoction des trunks barks of Crossopteryx., RNS.
H(104) belly pains, powder trunks barks of Crossopteryx. + salt, RNS.
H(113) rheumatism, H(201) mental diseases, leaves of Crossopteryx., to boil, douches
H(178) + H(090) heart diseases, powder trunks barks of Crossopteryx, VO.
Region : West Africa
Country : Mali
Vernacular name : balemo, balembo, bereka kisa (Bambara), balembo (Malinke), wara warga, wagha walgha (Minyanka), wawagha, fycèrè, fyatyèru (Senoufo), polipoli furu (Bobo-fing), belenede (Peuhl)
Cussonia arborea Hochst. ex A. Rich.
Official name : Cussonia arborea Hochst. ex A. Rich.
Family : Araliaceae
Synonyms : Cussonia kirkii Seem. , Cussonia barteri Seem. , Cussonia djalonensis A. Chev.
Symptoms : H(001), H(046), H(173), H(201)
Recipes : H(001) conjunctivitis, H(001) cataracts, long maceration of leaves of Cussonia arborea, eyes washing
H(046) chicken-pox (prevention), maceration of roots of Cussonia arborea, VO.
H(173) leprosy, wood of Cussonia., maceration (H2O), RNS.
H(201) bad spirits, barks of Cussonia arborea of Kaya senegalensis, fumigation
Region : West Africa
Country : Mali
Vernacular name : bolokuru, bolokuroni (Bambara), bolokoroni (Malinke), tinjenge (Minyanka), sincanga (Senoufo)
Cymbopogon giganteus Chiov.
Official name : Cymbopogon giganteus Chiov.
Family : Poaceae
Symptoms : H(201)
Recipes : H(201) mental diseases, roots and leaves of Diospyros mespiliformis of Mitragina inermis of Piliostigma thonningii of Guiera senegalensis of Cymbopogon giganteus (?), RNS.
Region : West Africa
Country : Mali
Vernacular name : not communicated by the author
Daniellia oliveri (Rolfe) Hutch. & Dalziel
Official name : Daniellia oliveri (Rolfe) Hutch. & Dalziel
Family : Fabaceae
Synonyms : Paradaniellia oliveri Rolfe
Symptoms : H(001), H(018), H(037), H(068), H(103), H(111), H(118), H(126)
Recipes : H(001) glaucoma, H(103) tooth ashes, decoction of buds of Daniellia oliveri, RNS.
H(018) cephalgy, leaves of Daniella., decoction, VO., lotions
H(037) bronchitis, resin of Daniellia., RNS.
H(037) cough, tooth-picks
H(037) tuberculosis, barks of Daniellia oliveri, decoction, RNS.
- H(068) trichina, boiled leaves of Daniellia., bath, VO.
H(103) tooth ashes childs, H(118) angina, H(126) hepatic insuffiency, stems with leaves of Daniellia., decoction, RNS.
H(111) burns, powder youg leaves of Daniellia., local application (?)
Region : West Africa
Country : Mali
Vernacular name : sanan, sandan, (Bambara), sanan (Malinke), surungo (Minyanka), surgo (Senoufo), 'o'onu (Bwa), kolè, kulè (Bobo-fing), karlahi (Peuhl)
Detarium microcarpum Guill. & Perr.
Official name : Detarium microcarpum Guill. & Perr.
Family : Fabaceae
Symptoms : H(001), H(008), H(014), H(027z), H(037), H(043), H(068), H(091), H(094), H(095), H(100), H(113), H(130), H(143)
Recipes : H(001) bad vision at night, H(008) diarrhoea, H(008) dysentery, H(094) haemorrhoids, H(100) blennorrage, H(100) syphilis, decoction of leaves of Detarium microcarpum, RNS.
H(008) diarrhoea, H(113) rheumatism, trunk barks of Detarium microcarpum, RNS.
H(014) itching, H(037) tuberculosis, H(068) bilharziosis, H(143) variola, roots of Detarium., RNS.
H(027z) cure during pregnancy, H(043) meningitis, H(091) H(091) asthenias, H(113) cramp, stems with leaves of Detarium., decoction, RNS.
H(094) haemorrhoids, little branch of Gardenia ternifolia of Detarium microcarpum, RNS.
H(091) fortifying, mistletoe with leaves of Detarium., RNS.
H(095) food, rape fruit
H(130) paralysis, roots and leaves of Detarium., to boil, bath, fumigations
Region : West Africa
Country : Mali
Vernacular name : ntamanjalen, tamba (Bambara), tamba, bodo (Malinke), kaparga, simparga, timparga (Minyanka), kaparga, simfarga (Senoufo), 'o'o (Bwa), pondu (Bobo-fing)
Detarium senegalense J.F.Gmel.
Official name : Detarium senegalense J.F.Gmel.
Family : Fabaceae
Symptoms : H(001), H(008), H(037), H(075), H(091), H(095), H(104), H(184)
Recipes : H(001) conjunctivitis, maceration of leaves of Detarium senegalense, eyes instillations
H(008) + H(104) intestinal diseases, H(075) anorexia, H(091) anemia, roots, barks, leaves of Detarium senegalense, RNS.
H(008) + H(104) intestinal diseases (serious), H(008) + H(104) intestinal obstruction, H(104) colics, trunk barks of Detarium senegalense, RNS., VO.
H(037) cough, fruits of Detarium., VO.
H(184) hydroceles, powder of roots of Parinari curatellifolia of Detarium senegalense in ointment
H(095) food, fruit
Region : West Africa
Country : Mali
Vernacular name : ntamankunda, bodo (Bambara), tambakunda, bodo (Malinke), kaparga (Minyanka), simpara, kaparga, suburgo (Senoufo), 'o'o (Bwa), pondu (Dogon)
Dichrostachys glomerata (Forssk.) Chiov.
Official name : Dichrostachys glomerata (Forssk.) Chiov.
Family : Fabaceae
Symptoms : H(001), H(003), H(007), H(013), H(051), H(053), H(068), H(091), H(093), H(100), H(103), H(113), H(162), H(181)
Recipes : H(001) conjunctivitis, H(001) cataracts, mistletoe with leaves maceration (H2O), RNS.
H(003) swellings,H(013) abscess, H(103) tooth ashes, cataplasmes of pounded leaves of Dichrostachys.
H(007) diuretic, roots of Dichrostachys cinerea + lait, RNS.
H(051) paludism childs, decoction of fruits of Dichrostachys., bath, VO.
H(053) otitis, green fruits of Dichrostachys., decoction, RNS..
H(068) tenia, stems without leaves of Dichrostachys cinera of Leptadenia hastata, decoction, VO.
H(091) fortifying give courage for work, decoction of mistletoe of Dichrostachys cinerea of Pericopsis laxiflora of roots of Andropogon gayanus, douches and lotions
H(093) anti-venomous, leaves of Dichrostachys., to chew and to spit
H(093) anti-venomous, powder barks of roots and of stems of Dichrostachys., RNS.
H(100) blennorrage, H(113) rheumatism, H(162) urine retention, barks of roots and of stems of Dichrostachys., RNS.
H(103) gingivitis, H(103) tooth ashes, roots and leaves of Dichrostachys., decoction, RNS.
H(181) omphalite, decoction of fruits of Dichrostachys., RNS
Region : West Africa
Country : Mali
Vernacular name : nkiliki (Bambara), ngiliki, mèlèki, goro (Malinke), ciige, dige (Minyanka), tilige (Senoufo), herère (Bwa), kirè (Bobo-fing)patrulaki (Peuhl), pogo (Dogon)
Diospyros mespiliformis Hochst. ex DC.
Official name : Diospyros mespiliformis Hochst. ex DC.
Family : Ebenaceae
Symptoms : H(001), H(008), H(018), H(037), H(043), H(068), H(082), H(092), H(099), H(100), H(104), H(126), H(131), H(139), H(173), H(201)
Recipes : H(001) conjunctivitis, H(018) sick headache, decoction of youg leaves of Diospyros mespiliformis, eyes instillations, fumigation
H(008) diarrhoea, powders trunks barks of Diospyros mespiliformis, RNS.
H(008) diarrhoea, H(043) tetanus child, stems with leaves of Diospyros mespiliformis, decoction, bath, VO.
H(008) diarrhoea, green fruits of Diospyros. crushed, decoction, VO.
H(037) tuberculosis, scrapings of dried of roots, roots of Diospyros mespiliformis, decoction, VO.
H(037) pneumonia, H(100) syphilis, trunks barks, roots of Diospyros., RNS.
H(037) cough,H(037) pneumonia, youg leaves of Diospyros, decoction, VO.
H(068) amibiasis, powder of youg leaves of Diospyros. , RNS.
H(092) poisonings, ashes of roots of Hymenocardia acida of Diospyros mespiliformis, VO.
H(068) onchocerciasis, maceration of roots of Diospyros mespiliformis of Vitex doniana of Tamarindus indica of Afzela africana, RNS.
H(082) respiratory diseases, roots and leaves of Diospyros mespiliformis of Balanites aegyptiaca of Khaya senegalensis of coton, fumigation
H(093) detoxicant, ashes of roots of Hymenocardia acida of Diospyros mespiliformis of Landolphia senegalensis, VO.
H(093) detoxicant, ashes of roots of Hymenocardia acida de Diospyros mespiliformis de Landolphia heudelotii, VO.
H(139) sexual incapacity, maceration trunks barks in honey, RNS.
H(104) colics, seeds of Diospyros macerated in fresh milk, VO.
H(126) icterus, H(099) epilepsy, decoction of youg leaves of Diospyros., RNS.
H(173) leprosy, H(131) pian, leaves of Diospyros mespiliformis of Erythrina senegalensis of Pterocarpus erinaceus, RNS., external use
H(201) mental diseases, roots and leaves of Diospyros mespiliformis of Mitragina inermis of Piliostigma thonningii of Guiera senegalensis of Cymbopogon giganteus (?), RNS.
Region : West Africa
Country : Mali
Vernacular name : sunsun (Bambara), sunsun, dicuba (Malinke), nyaanga, nyaa cige (Minyanka), nyaanga, nyanki, nyaa cige (Senoufo), boro'iwe (Bwa), tokoge, anju-kommo (Dogon), pupaï (Peuhl)
Entada abyssinica Steud. ex A. Rich.
Official name : Entada abyssinica Steud. ex A. Rich.
Family : Fabaceae
Symptoms : H(001), H(004), H(020), H(037), H(051), H(055), H(068), H(091), H(093), H(108), H(113), H(126)
Recipes : H(001) cataracts, H(068) onchocerciasis, powder of roasted seeds of Entada abyssinica, RNS.
H(004) wounds, barks of boiled roots of Entada abyssinica, RNS.
H(004) wounds, roots of Entada abyssinica, crushed in H2O, washing of wounds
H(004) suppuration of wounds, application of leaves of Entada abyssinica
H(004) wounds, stomach pain, tonic, infusion of leaves of Entada., RNS.
H(020) snake bite, H(126) jaundice, H(126) icterus, H(113) arthritis, roots of Entada abyssinica crushed in H2O, RNS.
H(037) cough,H(037) bronchitis, trunks barks sans liège of Entada abyssinica, maceration, to chew
H(051) paludism, H(126) icterus, H(091) anemia, roots of Entada., decoction, RNS.
H(051) paludism, H(068) amibiasiss, roots and trunks barks of Entada., bath, VO.
H(051) fevers, H(100) syphilis, powder of roots of Entada abyssinica, RNS.
H(055) vomitive antipoison, roots and boiled barks of Entada abyssinica, VO.
H(108) cold, scurf of fruit of Entada., decoction, VO.
H(093) antidote, roots and trunks barks of Entada., malaxer in H2O, RNS.
H(093) antidote, barks and pounded leaves of Entada., RNS.
Region : West Africa
Country : Mali
Vernacular name : samanèrè (Bambara) (Malinke), zanenge (Senoufo), bitiki (Bobo-fing)
Entada africana Guill. & Perr.
Official name : Entada africana Guill. & Perr.
Family : Fabaceae
Synonyms : Entada sudanica Schweinf.
Symptoms : V(095)
Recipes : V(095), folliage fodder
Region : West Africa
Country : Mali
Vernacular name : samanèrè, dimijama (Bambara), samanèrè (Malinke), zanenge (Minyanka), zanenge, zaninge (Senoufo), seme dui (Bwa), bitiki (Bobo-fing), padapari (Peuhl)
Entada africana Guill. & Perr.
Official name : Entada africana Guill. & Perr.
Family : Fabaceae
Synonyms : Entada sudanica Schweinf.
Symptoms : H(001), H(004), H(014), H(020), H(037), H(051), H(068), H(091), H(093), H(100), H(108), H(113), H(126)
Recipes : H(001) cataracts, H(068) onchocerciasis, powder of roasted seeds of Entada africana, RNS.
H(004) wounds, roots of Entada africana, crushed in H2O, washing of wounds
H(004) again suppuration of wounds, application of leaves of Entada africana
H(004) wounds, stomach pain, tonic, infusion of leaves of Entada., RNS.
H(020) snake bite, H(126) jaundice, H(126) icterus, H(113) arthritis, roots of Entada africana crushed in H2O, RNS.
H(037) cough,H(037) bronchitis, trunks barks without cork of Entada., maceration, to chew
H(051) paludism, H(126) icterus, H(091) anemia, roots of Entada., decoction, RNS.
H(051) paludism, H(068) amibiasiss, roots and trunks barks of Entada., bath, VO.
H(051) fevers, H(100) syphilis, powder of roots of Entada africana, RNS.
H(093) antidote, roots and trunks barks of Entada., mixed in H2O, RNS.
H(093) antidote, barks and pounded leaves of Entada., RNS.
H(108) cold, scurf of fruit of Entada., decoction, VO.
Region : West Africa
Country : Mali
Vernacular name : samanèrè, dimijama (Bambara), samanèrè (Malinke), zanenge (Minyanka), zanenge, zaninge (Senoufo), seme dui (Bwa), bitiki (Bobo-fing), padapari (Peuhl)
Erythrina senegalensis A. DC.
Official name : Erythrina senegalensis A. DC.
Family : Fabaceae
Symptoms : H(008), H(051), H(068), H(077), H(078), H(102), H(104), H(116), H(118), H(126), H(131), H(173)
Recipes : H(008) dysentery, H(104) colics, H(104) belly pains, H(179) kidney pains, roots of Erythrina senegalensis, decoction, VO.
H(008) dysentery, H(104) colics, H(126) hepatitis, H(126) icterus, H(126) cirrhosis, kidney pains, H(008) + H(104) enteralgic, H(102) bile, powders of barks fibers of Erythrina senegalensis, RNS.
H(051) paludism, H(102) bile, H(116) amenorrhoea, trunks barks of Erythrina., maceration, VO.
H(068) onchocerciasis, powder of roots of Erythrina senegalensis in fresh milk
H(077) anti-vomitive, barks fibers of Erythrina senegalensis, maceration (H2O), barks fibers of Erythrina senegalensis, VO.
H(104) belly pains, H(078) uterus fibroma, trunks barks of Erythrina., decoction, RNS.
H(118) hoarse throat, powders trunks barks of Erythrina. of cola nuts + salt, VO.
H(131) pian, H(173) leprosy, leaves of Diospyros mespiliformis of Erythrina senegalensis of Pterocarpus erinaceus, RNS., external use
Region : West Africa
Country : Mali
Vernacular name : ntenbilen, ntimini (Bambara), nti, ntijè, leur, ntenkisèdalilen (Malinke), kaferinye (Minyanka) (Senoufo), sansanbu'u (Bwa), pimpènè (Bobo-fing), nyamben-ana (Dogon), mototäy (Peuhl)
Erythrophleum guineense G. Don
Official name : Erythrophleum guineense G. Don
Family : Fabaceae
Synonyms : Erythrophleum suaveolens (Guill. & Perr.) Brenan
Symptoms : H(007), H(014), H(056), H(092), H(108)
Recipes : H(007) diuretic, H(055) emetic, H(108) coryza, H(108) sinusitis, powder trunks barks of Erythrophleum suaveolens, RNS.
H(014) dermatose, H(056) Guinea worms, maceration des trunks barks of Erythrophleum suaveolens, external use uniquement
H(092) ordeal poison, infusion barks crushed of Erythrophleum suaveolens (redoubtable poison)
Region : West Africa
Country : Mali
Vernacular name : tali (Bambara), tali, teli (Malinke), shwomon (Minyanka) (Senoufo)
Fagara zanthoxyloides Lam.
Official name : Fagara zanthoxyloides Lam.
Family : Rutaceae
Synonyms : Zanthoxylum zanthoxyloides (Lam.) Zepernick & Timler
Symptoms : H(001), H(004), H(014), H(018), H(068), H(099), H(103), H(104), H(115), H(151)
Recipes : H(001) conjunctivitis, stems with leaves of Zanthoxylum zanthoxyloides, decoction, eyes instillations
H(004) wounds, powder barks of Zanthoxylum zantoxyloïdes, local application
H(014) nettle-rash, stems with leaves of Zanthoxylum., decoction, local application (?)
H(018) sick headache, H(115) neuralgia, leaves, roots, barks of stems of Zanthoxylum., application on head
H(068) onchocerciasis, stems with leaves of Zanthoxylum., to boil, RNS.
H(099) epilepsy, barks of Kigelia africana of Mitragyna inermis, roots of Zanthoxylum zantoxyloïdes of seeds of Sterculia setigera, RNS.
H(103) tooth ashes, roots as tooth-picks
H(103) gingivitis, H(103) caries, stems with leaves of Zanthoxylum., decoction, mouth bath
H(104) stomach pains, powder barks of Zanthoxylum. in porridge
H(151) hypertension, decoction barks of Zanthoxylum., Zanthoxylum., VO.
Region : West Africa
Country : Mali
Vernacular name : won, wo (Bambara), wuo (Malinke), nkologo, nkorogo (Senoufo),
Feretia apodanthera Del.
Official name : Feretia apodanthera Del.
Family : Rubiaceae
Symptoms : H(001), H(008), H(038), H(051), H(053), H(056), H(068), H(086), H(091), H(093), H(104), H(179)
Recipes : H(001) conjunctivitis, stems with leaves of Feretia apodanthera, decoction, eyes instillations
H(008) dysentery (bacillaires?), roots decoction of Feretia apodanthera, VO.
H(038) uretral pain, H(086) adenitis, H(179) kidney diseases, decoction roots of Feretia, bath, VO.
H(051) fevers childs, stems with leaves en decoction, VO.
H(053) otitis, jus of leaves crushed of Feretia.
H(056) filaria, H(068) onchocerciasis, dried fruits of Feretia., to pound , RNS.
H(091) fortifying, stems with leaves of Feretia., decoction, bath
H(093) antivenin, leaves crushed of Feretia., decoction, to wash and VO.
H(104) belly pains, decoction of roots and stems with leaves of Feretia., VO.
Region : West Africa
Country : Mali
Vernacular name : jula sungalani, kuru-kuru, tusigi (Bambara), jula sungalani (Malinke), cèlère kapinge (Minyanka), ntyurungo (Senoufo), tiefile (Bobo-fing), gilu kile (Dogon)
Ficus capensis Thunb.
Official name : Ficus capensis Thunb.
Family : Moraceae
Synonyms : Ficus sur Forssk.
Symptoms : H(002), H(008), H(014), H(027z), H(027y), H(033), H(116)
Recipes : H(002) lactogenics , fruits of Ficus sur pounded, maceration in H2O, VO.
H(008) dysentery, H(116) amenorrhoea, trunks barks of Ficus sur, to boil, RNS.
H(008) dysentery, H(116) amenorrhoea, green fruits pounded of Ficus., VO.
H(014) eczema, roots and stems with leaves of Ficus., decoction, RNS.
H(033) femal sterility, roots of Ficus. and of roasted maize, powder, diluler in H2O or milk, VO.
H(027z) + H(027y) care before and after deliveryt, fruits of Ficus. pounded, maceration in H2O, VO.
Region : West Africa
Country : Mali
Vernacular name : seretoro, toroba, torongènyè (Bambara), nzetetoro (Malinke), nintorogo (Minyanka) (Senoufo), woro, wuro (Bwa), kajija, koo kajija (Bobo-fing), gaaguyo (Dogon), nigiri bele (Peuhl)
Ficus exasperata Vahl
Official name : Ficus exasperata Vahl
Family : Moraceae
Symptoms : H(007), H(014), H(100)
Recipes : H(007) strong diuretic, decoction of leaves of Ficus exasperata, VO.
H(014) itching, boiled roots of Ficus exasperata + karite butter (Butyrospermum paradoxum), local applications
H(014) infected skin disease, leaves of Ficus, local application
H(100) blennorrage, roots decoction of Ficus., VO.
Region : West Africa
Country : Mali
Vernacular name : torongoge, nyakanyaka (Bambara), torongoge, torole (Malinke), nkashiaghe (Senoufo)
Ficus gnaphalocarpa (Miq.) Steud. ex A. Rich.
Official name : Ficus gnaphalocarpa (Miq.) Steud. ex A. Rich.
Family : Moraceae
Synonyms : Ficus sycomorus L. subsp. gnaphalocarpa (Miq.) C.C. Berg
Symptoms : V(095)
Recipes : V(095) food, goats are fond of figs
Region : West Africa
Country : Mali
Vernacular name : sutoro, toroule (Bambara), sutoro (Malinke), nintorgowo, duturungo (Minyanka), torogo, nintogowo (Senoufo), hèrèma, buru'ubwa (Bwa), kaw (Bobo-fing), gaa (Dogon), gaigai (Peuhl)
Ficus gnaphalocarpa (Miq.) Steud. ex A. Rich.
Official name : Ficus gnaphalocarpa (Miq.) Steud. ex A. Rich.
Family : Moraceae
Synonyms : Ficus sycomorus L. subsp. gnaphalocarpa (Miq.) C.C. Berg
Symptoms : H(001), H(008), H(013), H(014), H(027w), H(033), H(102), H(104), H(113), H(126)
Recipes : H(001) conjunctivitis, H(001) cataracts, H(001) trachoma, boiled trunks barks of Ficus sycomorus, eyes instillations
H(001) conjunctivitis, stems with leaves of Ficus sycomorus, to boil, eyes instillations
H(008) diarrhoea, childs, H(113) inflammation of glands, trunks barks of Ficus., decoction, RNS.
H(008) dysentery, H(104) belly pains, latex of Ficus sycomorus, RNS.
H(013) prurit, H(126) icterus, H(104) belly pains, decoction of stems with leaves of Ficus., RNS.
H(014) tinea, latex of Ficus., local application
H(027w) cure for new born, powder trunks barks of Ficus., RNS.
H(033) femal sterility, decoction du fruit of Lannea acida of Ficus sycomorus, RNS.
H(033) femal sterility, pounded roots of Ficus., RNS.
H(102) cholagogues, leaves of Ficus., RNS.
Region : West Africa
Country : Mali
Vernacular name : sutoro, toroule (Bambara), sutoro (Malinke), nintorgowo, duturungo (Minyanka), torogo, nintogowo (Senoufo), hèrèma, buru'ubwa (Bwa), kaw (Bobo-fing), gaa (Dogon), gaigai (Peuhl)
Ficus thonningii Blume
Official name : Ficus thonningii Blume
Family : Moraceae
Synonyms : Ficus iteophylla Miq. , Ficus burkei (Miq.) Miq.
Symptoms : H(001), H(004), H(014), H(051), H(082), H(091), H(113), H(126), H(130), H(162)
Recipes : H(001) conjunctivitis, H(004) eyes wounds, H(001) spek in the eye, leaves of Ficus thonningii réchauffées, pressées, jus en eyes instillation
H(014) nettle-rash, H(113) myalgia, stems with leaves of Ficus thonningii, decoction, RNS.
H(051) fevers, H(091) anemia, H(126) icterus, H(126) hepatitis, H(162) urine retention, green leaves crushed of Ficus thonningii, RNS.
H(082) respiratory diseases, H(126) icterus, trunk barks of Ficus thonningii, decoction, RNS.
H(130) paralysis, leaves of Ficus thonningii, leaves and fruit of Borassus aethiopum, decoction, bath, fumigations, massages, VO.
Region : West Africa
Country : Mali
Vernacular name : dubalen, (Bambara), (Malinke), dubale (Minyanka) (Senoufo) (Bwa), n'gow (Bobo-fing), yiribè (Dogon)
Gardenia ternifolia Schumach. & Thonn.
Official name : Gardenia ternifolia Schumach. & Thonn.
Family : Rubiaceae
Symptoms : H(001), H(006), H(008), H(051), H(068), H(091), H(094), H(113), H(123), H(126), H(170)
Recipes : H(001) blindness from onchocerciasis, powder of roots of Gardenia ternifolia, diluted (H2O), RNS.
H(006) purgative, H(068) vermifuges, H(051) paludism, maceration (H2O) of roots of Gardenia ternifolia, VO.
H(006) constipation, H(091) sexual asthenia, maceration (H2O) of roots of Gardenia ternifolia, bath, VO.
H(008) diarrhoea, decoction of leaves of Gardenia., VO. .
H(068) tenia, H(068) ascaris, roots decoction of Gardenia., VO.
H(094) haemorrhoids, little branch of Gardenia ternifolia of Detarium microcarpum, RNS.
H(091) fortifying, stems with leaves of Gardenia, decoction, VO.
H(113) musculairy pains, decoction of whole fruits of Gardenia., local frictions
H(123) intoxication, H(126) bilious icterus, H(170) common dropsi, roots of crushed and macerated (H2O) of Gardenia ternifolia, RNS
Region : West Africa
Country : Mali
Vernacular name : burekè, bulencè, nburèncè (Bambara), buremba (Malinke), santugo kacerge (Minyanka) (Senoufo), tyun-bè (Bwa), wèmè sinan (Bobo-fing)
Grewia mollis Juss.
Official name : Grewia mollis Juss.
Family : Tiliaceae
Synonyms : Grewia venusta Fresen.
Symptoms : H(095), H(099)
Recipes : H(099) somniferous sedative, maceration of barks of Grewia mollis, VO.
H(095) fruits
Region : West Africa
Country : Mali
Vernacular name : nogonogofin, golokeliko (Bambara), nogonogo, noronoro, nogonogofin (Malinke), banempolo, sahnama sisere (Minyanka), mpalempolo, mpidi zenge (Senoufo), hwinu (Bobo-fing), nyiminyanu (Bwa), onju-na (Dogon)
Grewia villosa Willd.
Official name : Grewia villosa Willd.
Family : Tiliaceae
Synonyms : Grewia echinulata Del.
Symptoms : H(077)
Recipes : H(077) anti-vomitive, maceration of trunks barks of Grewia villosa, VO.
Region : West Africa
Country : Mali
Vernacular name : nogonogobilen (Bambara) (Malinke), banempefyi (Minyanka), banepofyen (Senoufo), pibwomabe (Bwa)
Guiera senegalensis J.F. Gmel.
Official name : Guiera senegalensis J.F. Gmel.
Family : Combretaceae
Symptoms : H(006), H(007), H(008), H(013), H(014), H(022), H(033), H(037), H(051), H(055), H(104), H(100), H(103), H(104), H(108), H(111x), H(116), H(139), H(143), H(173), H(201)
Recipes : H(006) purgative, H(051) fevers, barks of Khaya senegalensis of Guiera senegalensis of Cassia sieberana, maceration, RNS.
H(007) strong diuretic, powder of scurfs of Guiera senegalensis., RNS.
H(008) dysentery, H(111x) insolation, powder of youg leaves of Guiera senegalensis, VO.
H(008) dysentery, to chew young flowers and leaves of Guiera senegalensis
H(008) cholera, powder of roots of Guiera senegalensis + Capsium sp. , RNS.
H(008) diarrhoea, H(104) colics,H(037) cough, H(051) paludism, H(173) leprosy, H(139) sexual incapacity, decoction of leaves of Guiera.
H(013) ulcers, H(100) syphilis,H(013) chancres,H(037) bronchitis, H(051) paludism, decoction of leaves of Piliostigma reticulatum of Guiera senegalensis of Securidaca longipedunculata, RNS.
H(013) chancres, H(100) syphilis, powder of stems with leaves of roots of Ximenia americana of Guiera senegalensis, application on the forehead
H(013) tooth abscess, H(103) caries, decoction of stems with leaves of Guiera., inhalation, mouth wash
H(014) eczema, leaves maceration (H2O salted), RNS.
H(022) parturition (made easier), ashes of stems with leaves of Guiera. + honey, VO.
H(033) sperme lack, roots of Guiera senegalensis chewed and juice swallowed
H(037) cough, decoction in milk of leaves of Guiera
H(051) fevers, H(007) diuretic, infusion of leaves of Guiera., RNS.
H(051) fevers, stems with leaves of Fadogia erythrophloea of Guiera senegalensis, RNS., bath, VO.
H(051) paludism, stems with leaves of Psorospermum corymbiferum of Guiera senegalensis of Fadogia erythrophloea of Gardenia sokotensis, VO.
H(055) vomitive who made parturition easier, H(104) colics, leaves macerated of Guiera., VO.
H(108) colds, decoction of stems with leaves of Guiera., inhalation, bath
H(111x) insolation, powder of youg leaves mixed with soap, application on head
H(116) to bring the oestral cycle regular, roots decoction of Cassia sieberiana of Guiera senegalensis, RNS.
H(143) variola childs, to wash the wounds with a maceration of leaves in milk
H(201) mental diseases, roots and leaves of Diospyros mespiliformis of Mitragina inermis of Piliostigma thonningii of Guiera senegalensis of Cymbopogon giganteus (?), RNS.
Region : West Africa
Country : Mali
Vernacular name : kunjè, kunyè (Bambara), kungè (Malinke), konifyere (Minyanka), konifire, kongbwe (Senoufo), sucèwe, suncawe (Bwa), fifinu (Bobo-fing), njeloki (Peuhl)
Heeria insignis (Delile) Kuntze
Official name : Heeria insignis (Delile) Kuntze
Family : Anacardiaceae
Synonyms : Ozoroa insignis Del.
Symptoms : V(095)
Recipes : Vc(095), goat folliage of Ozoroa insignis fodder
Region : West Africa
Country : Mali
Vernacular name : kalakari, jolisigi (Bambara), kalakari, jolijèni (Malinke), shiala, tifaama, cifaama (Minyanka), tufaama, cifaama (Senoufo), sisan (Bwa), nyènèkwèrè, sufogokala (Bobo-fing), sènè-bilè (Dogon), taka kulehi (Peuhl)
Heeria insignis (Delile) Kuntze
Official name : Heeria insignis (Delile) Kuntze
Family : Anacardiaceae
Synonyms : Ozoroa insignis Del.
Symptoms : H(008), H(008), H(013), H(027y), H(051), H(053), H(068), H(104), H(113), H(151), H(169)
Recipes : H(008) dysentery, H(008) + H(104) intestinal pains, leaves of Ozoroa insignis, maceration, VO.
H(013) ulcerus, powder of roots of Ozoroa insignis, RNS.
H(027y) cure post-partum, stems with leaves of Ozoroa., to boil, RNS.
H(051) fevers, H(113) lameness, decoction of leaves of Ozoroa., VO.
H(053) otitis, soft leaves of Ozoroa., brioyées in H2O, RNS.
H(068) vermifuge, trunks barks of Ozoroa insignis, barks of Stereospermum kunthianum, RNS.
H(068) vermifuge, roots of Ozoroa insignis, to scrapes, RNS.
H(151) hypertensions, decoction of stems with leaves of de Ozoroa., fumigations, bath
H(169) hernies, roots decoction of Ozoroa., RNS.
Region : West Africa
Country : Mali
Vernacular name : kalakari, jolisigi (Bambara), kalakari, jolijèni (Malinke), shiala, tifaama, cifaama (Minyanka), tufaama, cifaama (Senoufo), sisan (Bwa), nyènèkwèrè, sufogokala (Bobo-fing), sènè-bilè (Dogon), taka kulehi (Peuhl)
Heeria pulcherrima (Schweinf.) O. Ktze
Official name : Heeria pulcherrima (Schweinf.) O. Ktze
Family : Anacardiaceae
Synonyms : Ozoroa pulcherrima (Schweinf.) R. & A. Fernandes
Symptoms : H(037), H(091), H(113)
Recipes : H(037) chest pains, leaves of Ozoroa pulcherrima en decoction, bath, VO.
H(091) asthenia, stems with leaves of Ozoroa., trunk barks of Khaya senegalensis, decoction, VO.
H(113) hip disease, roots ashes of Ozoroa pulcherrima mixed with karite butter (Butyrospermum paradoxum), massage
Region : West Africa
Country : Mali
Vernacular name : bedico (Malinke), nkunungo jishide (Senoufo)
Hexalobus monopetalus (A. Rich.) Engl. & Diels
Official name : Hexalobus monopetalus (A. Rich.) Engl. & Diels
Family : Annonaceae
Synonyms : Uvaria monopetala A. Richard.
Symptoms : H(001), H(006), H(014), H(077), H(098), H(103)
Recipes : H(001) cataracts, H(087) puerperal diseases, twigs with leaves of Hexalobus monopetalus, decoction, RNS.
H(006) laxative, H(007) diuretic, roots decoction of Hexalobus monopetalus, VO.
H(014) nettle-rash, H(077) anti-vomitive + blood , decoction of leaves of Hexalobus., RNS.
H(098) insomnia, trunks barks of Hexalobus, RNS.
H(103) tooth ashes juice from a tooth-pick
Region : West Africa
Country : Mali
Vernacular name : nfuganyan, nfuganinjè, ncafa (Bambara), fuganyan, fuganyè (Malinke), yaco, yacogo (Senoufo)
Holarrhena africana DC.
Official name : Holarrhena africana DC.
Family : Apocynaceae
Synonyms : Holarrhena floribunda (G. Don) Dur. & Schinz
Symptoms : H(007), H(014), H(037), H(051), H(068), H(087), H(130), H(170)
Recipes : H(007) diureticH(068) worm infestation, H(170) common dropsi, H(033) sterility, H(100) blennorrage, decoction roots of Holarrhena floribunda, RNS.
H(014) nettle-rash, application of boiled leaves of Holarrhena.
H(037) lungs diseases, boiled leaves of Holarrhena., inhalation, bath, VO.
H(051) fevers, insomnia, barks and leaves of Holarrhena., decoction, VO.
H(087) puerperal infection, roots and boiled leaves of Holarrhena floribunda, RNS.
H(130) paralysis, barks and leaves of Holarrhena., decoction, fumigation
Region : West Africa
Country : Mali
Vernacular name : nufu, fufu baasira (Bambara), numusoro, numukè sulu, kunasana (Malinke), sikaduforoga, kombripolo (Minyanka) (Senoufo)
Hymenocardia acida Tul.
Official name : Hymenocardia acida Tul.
Family : Euphorbiaceae
Symptoms : V(095)
Recipes : Vc(095), goat fodder, young twigs, VO.
Region : West Africa
Country : Mali
Vernacular name : gwèrèngwèrènnin, komoni tayoro, sifilèjirinin (Bambara), kalakari, tanioro (Malinke), sunturo (Minyanka), sunturgo (Senoufo), gwetere (Bobo-fing), peleti (Peuhl)
Hymenocardia acida Tul.
Official name : Hymenocardia acida Tul.
Family : Euphorbiaceae
Symptoms : H(005), H(006), H(007), H(008), H(013), H(014), H(018), H(037), H(051), H(087), H(092), H(104), H(108), H(109), H(113), H(126), H(135), H(139), H(143), H(152), H(179)
Recipes : H(005) face oedema, H(006) constipation, H(051) fevers, H(051) paludism, H(087) puerperal diseases, H(109) lumbago, H(126) icterus, H(143) variola, decoction of stems with leaves of Hymenocardia acida, RNS.
H(007) depurative, H(008) + H(104) enteralgia, powder of roots of Hymenocardia acida, RNS.
H(008) + H(104) abdominal pains childs, decoction of leaves of Maranthes polyandra of Piliostigma thonningii of Hymenocardia acida of Nauclea latifolia Sm., VO.
H(013) ulcers, powder of scrapings of dried wood of Hymenocardia., RNS.
H(014) nettle-rash, H(113) lameness, decoction of soft leaves of Hymenocardia., decoction, RNS.
H(018) sick headache, decoction of soft leaves of Hymenocardia acida of roots of Securidaca longipedunculata, RNS.
H(018) sick headache, ashes of stems with leaves of Hymenocardia. , RNS.
H(018) sick headache, charbon of wood of Hymenocardia. , RNS.
H(037) chest pains, decoction of roots and leaves and barks of Hymenocardia acida of Pterocarpus erinaceus, RNS.
H(037) pulmonary diseases, trunks barks of Hymenocardia acida, to chew
H(037) chest pains, decoction of roots and barks of Pericopsis laxiflora of roots and leaves of Hymenocardia acida, fumigations, bath, VO.
H(051) fevers, H(051) paludism, H(135) indigestions, H(104) gastritis, H(126) icterus; soft leaves of Hymenocardia., decoctiion, RNS.
H(093) again poisoning, ashes of roots of Hymenocardia acida of Diospyros mespiliformis of Landolphia senegalensis, VO.
H(093) again poisoning, ashes of roots of Hymenocardia acida of Diospyros mespiliformis, VO.
H(093) detoxicant, ashes of roots of de Hymenocardia acida of Diospyros mespiliformis of Landolphia heudelotii, VO.
H(108) cold, pounded roots of Hymenocardia acida + pimento (Capsicum sp.), RNS. .
H(113) rheumatism, roots and leaves of Hymenocardia acida, decoction, fumigation, bath, VO.
H(152) hypotension, soft leaves of Hymenocardia., infusion, bath
H(139) sexual incapacity, powder of stems with leaves of Hymenocardia.
H(179) nephritis, decoctions of roots of Hymenocardia acida, RNS
Region : West Africa
Country : Mali
Vernacular name : gwèrèngwèrènnin, komoni tayoro, sifilèjirinin (Bambara), kalakari, tanioro (Malinke), sunturo (Minyanka), sunturgo (Senoufo), gwetere (Bobo-fing), peleti (Peuhl)
Jatropha curcas L.
Official name : Jatropha curcas L.
Family : Euphorbiaceae
Symptoms : H(006), H(037), H(045), H(082), H(100), H(126), H(131)
Recipes : H(006) purgative, 3 to 4 almonds of Jatropha curcas for adult, VO.
H(037) pulmonary diseases, H(100) syphilis, leaves of Jatropha curcas , maceration (H2O), RNS.
H(045) vulnerary, latex of Jatropha .( toxic) en external use
H(055) vomitive, tooth-picks (careful use)
H(082) asthma, roots decoction of Jatropha curcas + lemon juice, RNS.
H(100) blennorrage, big root of Jatropha curcas, to warm up, to scrape, to crush, RNS.
H(126) jaundice, roots of Jatropha curcas macerated in milk, RNS.
H(131) pian, infusion of leaves of Jatropha., bath
Region : West Africa
Country : Mali
Vernacular name : bagani, kulusinifèli (Bambara), blanfaraba (Malinke), ba'a (Bwa)
Khaya senegalensis (Desv.) A. Juss.
Official name : Khaya senegalensis (Desv.) A. Juss.
Family : Meliaceae
Synonyms : Swietenia senegalensis Desv.
Symptoms : V(095)
Recipes : V(095), folliage fodder
Region : West Africa
Country : Mali
Vernacular name : jala (Bambara) (Malinke), wègè (Minyanka), wègè, wècige (Senoufo), penu (Bwa), toow (Bobo-fing), pèlu (Dogon), kaïl (Peuhl)
Khaya senegalensis (Desv.) A. Juss.
Official name : Khaya senegalensis (Desv.) A. Juss.
Family : Meliaceae
Synonyms : Swietenia senegalensis Desv.
Symptoms : H(001), H(004), H(006), H(008), H(013), H(014), H(018), H(037), H(043), H(045), H(051), H(068), H(082), H(091), H(100), H(103), H(116), H(201)
Recipes : H(001) conjunctivitis, barks of Khaya senegalensis to boil, eyes instillations
H(004) wounds,H(014) itching, pounded barks of Khaya with huile of ricin, local application (?)
H(004) wounds, H(045) cicatrizing, powder barks of Khaya senegalensis + karite butter (Butyrospermum paradoxum), local application
H(006) purgative, H(051) fevers, barks of Khaya senegalensis of Guiera senegalensis of Cassia sieberana, maceration, RNS.
H(008) diarrhoea, pounded roots of Khaya senegalensis , RNS.
H(008) diarrhoea, sap + flour of mil + H2O, VO.
H(013) abscess,H(014) itch, H(051) fevers, H(051) paludism, H(091) tonic, decoction barks of Khaya., RNS.
H(018) sick headache, powder of roots of Khaya senegalensis of Securidaca longepedunculata, RNS.
H(037) cough, pounded gum of Khaya senegalensis with karite butter (Butyrospermum paradoxum), lécher
H(068) vermifuge, pounded barks of Khaya. + carbonate of soude, RNS.
H(043) meningitis, H(043) tetanus (preventions), roots of Khaya, to boil, bath, VO.
H(068) small intestinal worms, stems and barks of stems of Maytenus senegalensis of Khaya senegalensis, RNS.
H(068) small intestinal worms, stems with leaves of Fadogia erythrophloea of Khaya senegalensis of Carissa edulis, RNS.
H(082) respiratory diseases, roots and leaves of Diospyros mespiliformis of Balanites aegyptiaca of Khaya senegalensis of coton, fumigation
H(091) asthenia, stems with leaves of Ozoroa., trunk barks of Khaya senegalensis, decoction, VO.
H(100) blennorrage, barks macerated of Khaya., RNS.
H(103) tooth ashes, powder barks of Khaya senegalensis + powder of pimento (Capsicum sp.), introduire in le trou of la dent malade
H(116) amenorrhoea, leaves of Khaya., RNS.
H(201) possesion by spirits, barks and powder of fruit of Khaya., fumigation, bath
H(201) bad spirits, barks of Cussonia arborea of Kaya senegalensis, fumigation
Region : West Africa
Country : Mali
Vernacular name : jala (Bambara) (Malinke), wègè (Minyanka), wègè, wècige (Senoufo), penu (Bwa), toow (Bobo-fing), pèlu (Dogon), kaïl (Peuhl)
Kigelia africana (Lam.) Benth.
Official name : Kigelia africana (Lam.) Benth.
Family : Bignoniaceae
Symptoms : H(008), H(016), H(033), H(045), H(095), H(099), H(104), H(179)
Recipes : H(008) dysentery, H(104) belly pains, decoction barks of Kigelia africana, RNS.
H(008) dysentery, H(179) kidney diseases infusion of leaves of Kigelia africana, RNS.
H(016) inflammation of the mammary glands, fruit ashes of Kigelia africana in karite butter (Butyrospermum paradoxum), sweet massages
H(033) sterility, roots of Kigelia africana of roots of Ficus sp., RNS.
H(045) vulnerary, powders barks of Kigelia., RNS.
H(099) epilepsy, barks of Kigelia africana of Mitragyna inermis, roots of Zanthoxylum zantoxyloïdes of seeds of Sterculia setigera, RNS.
H(095) food, fruit comestible
Region : West Africa
Country : Mali
Vernacular name : sinjamba, limbi, lombe (Bambara), sinjamba, konibaga, limbi (Malinke)
Landolphia heudelotii A. DC.
Official name : Landolphia heudelotii A. DC.
Family : Apocynaceae
Symptoms : H(001), H(036), H(068), H(091), H(093), H(095), H(113), H(124), H(135), H(173)
Recipes : H(001) stain in the eye, latex from little branch of Landolphia heudelotii, RNS.
H(001) conjonctivitis, cataract, mistletoe with leaves of Landolphia en decoction, instillation
H(036) vertigo, leaves maceration of Landolphia., to wash the head
H(091) tonic, fatigue, roots decoction + fruit pulp + lemon juice
H(068) onchocerciasis, mistletoe with leaves of Landolphia., steam bath
H(093) detoxicant, roots ashes of Hymenocardia acida of Diospyros mespiliformis of Landolphia heudelotii, VO.
H(095) fruit edible
H(113) cramps, H(124) haemorrage, little branch with leaves, decoction, RNS.
H(135) digestive, fruit pulp, VO.
H(173) leprosy, roots of Landolphia., maceration (H2O), unction + VO.
Region : West Africa
Country : Mali
Vernacular name : popo, poponi (Bambara), gweyin, goïn (Malinké), vèrè, kavèrè, komble (frut) (Minyanka), venghe, kavèrè, debrige (Sénoufo), popo (Bwa), buna, bina (Bobo-Fing)
Lannea acida A. Rich.
Official name : Lannea acida A. Rich.
Family : Anacardiaceae
Synonyms : Odina acida (A. Rich.) Oliv.
Symptoms : H(001), H(004), H(006), H(008), H(018), H(033), H(037), H(076), H(091), H(097), H(104), H(116)
Recipes : H(001) conjunctivitis, leaves of Lannea acida, to pound, eyes instillations
H(001) visual sharpness, H(018) cephalgy, H(018) sick headache, mistletoe with leaves or powder of mistletoe of Lannea acida, RNS.
H(004) wounds, boiled leaves of Lannea., RNS.
H(006) purgative, H(008) dysentery, H(037) cough, trunks barks of Xeroderris stuhlmannii of Pterocarpus erinaceus of Acacia macrostachya of Lannea acida, RNS.
H(008) amoebian dysentery, H(091) restorative, maceration of leaves of Combretum fragrans of Lannea acida of Saba senegalensis, RNS.
H(033) femal sterility, decoction du fruit of Lannea acida of Ficus sycomorus, RNS.
H(076) stomatitis, H(103) gingivitis, barks and leaves of Lannea. en decoction, mouth bath - - - H(097) orchitis, roots of Lannea., to chew
H(100) veneral diseases, roots of Lannea., maceration, RNS.
H(104) belly pains, H(008) + H(104) intestinal pains, trunks barks of Ziziphus mauritiana of Lannea acida, decoction, VO.
H(116) amenorrhoea, decoction trunks barks of Lannea., VO.
Region : West Africa
Country : Mali
Vernacular name : npekugwèlèn, bembènogo (Bambara), npekuni, bembè (Malinke), npegejo (Minyanka), vègè bimbi (Senoufo), 'i'o (Bwa), sina (Bobo-fing), saa-menden (Dogon)
Lannea microcarpa Engl. & Krause
Official name : Lannea microcarpa Engl. & Krause
Family : Anacardiaceae
Symptoms : H(001), H(008), H(037), H(053), H(056), H(076), H(091), H(095), H(103), H(113), H(126), H(162)
Recipes : H(001) conjunctivitis, leaves of Lannea microcarpa, to triturate eyes instillations
H(001) conjunctivitis, roots decoction of Spondias monbin of Lannea microcarpa, eyes instillation
H(008) dysentery, H(162) urine retention, H(126) icterus, H(091) asthenia, trunks barks of Lannea microcarpa, maceration, RNS.
H(008) dysentery, H(113) lameness, stems with leaves of Lannea, decoction, RNS.
H(037) cough, seeds of Lannea microcarpa of stems with leaves of Butyrospermum paradoxum, tea
H(053) otitis, trunks barks of Lannea., to pound , RNS.
H(056) Guinea worms, leaves of Lannea., fumigation
H(076) stomatitis, H(103) gingivitis, decoction of leaves and barks of Lannea., mouth bath
H(095) food, fruit
Region : West Africa
Country : Mali
Vernacular name : npekuba, bembèba, koninpeku, bembèmuso (Bambara), npekuba, npekujè (Malinke), npegetee, npegeciwe (Minyanka), vègèciwe, vègècige (Senoufo), ntnu (Bwa), yilz (Bobo-fing), saa (Dogon)
Lannea velutina A. Rich.
Official name : Lannea velutina A. Rich.
Family : Anacardiaceae
Symptoms : H(008), H(091), H(179)
Recipes : H(008) diarrhoea, trunks barks, roots of Lannea velutina, RNS., enema
H(008) dysentery, barks fibers of Lannea velutina, to chew
H(091) childs rachitis, trunks barks, roots of Lannea velutina, RNS., bath
H(179) nephritis, roots and leaves, of Lannea., to boil, RNS.
Region : West Africa
Country : Mali
Vernacular name : ntekubangènyè, bakoro npeku (Bambara), bakororonpeku, surukunnpeku (Malinke), satungo npege, saanci jonon (Minyanka), satungo vègè (Senoufo), sa'ui-nyinu (Bwa)
Leptadenia hastata (Pers.) Decne.
Official name : Leptadenia hastata (Pers.) Decne.
Family : Apocynaceae
Synonyms : Leptadenia lancifolia (Schumach & Thonn.) Decne.
Symptoms : H(068)
Recipes : H(068) vermifuge, decoction trunk barks of Balanites aegyptiaca of Cordyla pinnata of Leptadenia hastata, VO.
H(068) tenia, stems without leaves of Dichrostachys cinera of Leptadenia hastata, decoction, VO.
Region : West Africa
Country : Mali
Vernacular name : not communicated by the author
Lophira lanceolata Van Tiegh. ex Keay
Official name : Lophira lanceolata Van Tiegh. ex Keay
Family : Ochnaceae
Symptoms : H(004), H(006), H(018), H(037), H(091), H(095), H(100), H(103), H(151)
Recipes : H(004) persistent wounds, boiled roots of Lophira lanceolata en local application
H(006) constipation, pounded roots of Lophira lanceolata in la flour of manioc, VO.
H(018) sick headache, red leaves of Lophira., decoction, RNS.
H(037) pulmonary diseases, barks roots and trunk, RNS.
H(091) kwashiorkor, powder barks of roots of Maranthes polyandra of Vitellaria paradoxa of Lophira lanceolata in porridge, VO.
H(100) syphilis, H(151) hypertension, stems with leaves of Lophira, decoction, RNS.
H(103) tooth ashes, H(103) gingivitis, stem of Lophira. , to chew
H(095) food, the fruits product an oil without smell
Region : West Africa
Country : Mali
Vernacular name : mana, mene, makan (Bambara), mana, kurusi (Malinke), lobyaghe (Malinke), shuongo, shwongo (Senoufo), muntun yere (Bobo-fing), mananga (Peuhl), panhan (Dogon)
Maerua angolensis DC.
Official name : Maerua angolensis DC.
Family : Capparaceae
Symptoms : H(001), H(005), H(053), H(068), H(075), H(109)
Recipes : H(001) conjunctivitis, roots decoction of Maerua angolensis, instillation
H(005) face oedema, boiled leaves of Maerua angolensis and of Ximenia americana, inhalations.
H(005) face oedema, powders of stems with leaves of Ximenia americana of roots and barks of Maerua angolensis, RNS.
H(053) otitis, pounded leaves of de Maerua., maceration, RNS.
H(068) hookworm, decoction trunks barks of Maerua.
H(075) anorexia, powder of dried leaves of Maerua. mixed in food
H(109) lumbago, powder of roots of Maerua., RNS.
Region : West Africa
Country : Mali
Vernacular name : belebele, berebere (Bambara), kokari, belebele (Malinke), bili (Minyanka), bii (Senoufo)bilè, kol'kolu (Dogon)
Mangifera indica L.
Official name : Mangifera indica L.
Family : Anacardiaceae
Symptoms : H(006), H(045), H(051), H(091), H(095)
Recipes : H(006) purgative, roots and barks of Margaritaria discoïdea, RNS.
H(045) vulnerary, leaves of Margaritaria. in local application
H(051) paludism, decoction of leaves of Carica papaya of Mangifera indica, VO.
H(091) stimulating, leaves of Margaritaria. en friction and VO.
H(095) food, ashes of wood of Margaritaria. as saltt
Region : West Africa
Country : Mali
Vernacular name : badulafen (Bambara), mununna, julasungalani (Malinke), jula sungalani (Senoufo)
Manihot esculenta Crantz
Official name : Manihot esculenta Crantz
Family : Euphorbiaceae
Synonyms : Manihot utilissima Pohl
Symptoms : H(126)
Recipes : H(126) icterus, green leaves of Carica papaya, crushed + manioc (Manihot esculenta), VO., VO.
Region : West Africa
Country : Mali
Vernacular name : not communicated by the author
Maytenus senegalensis (Lam.) Exell
Official name : Maytenus senegalensis (Lam.) Exell
Family : Celastraceae
Synonyms : Gymnosporia senegalensis (Lam.) Loes.
Symptoms : H(004), H(013), H(020), H(027z), H(068), H(091), H(095), H(103)
Recipes : H(004) wounds, H(103) tooth ashes, infusion of roots of Maytenus senegalensis, RNS.
H(013) tooth abscess, H(076) mouth diseases, boiled leaves of Maytenus., local application
H(020) snakes bites, roots decoction of Maytenus., RNS.
H(027z) cure pregnant femal, powder of roots of Maytenus in porridge
H(068) small intestinal worms, stems and barks of stems of Maytenus senegalensis of Khaya senegalensis, RNS.
H(091) stimulating dentition childs, decoction of stems with leaves of Maytenus., bath, VO.
H(095) food, fruits
Region : West Africa
Country : Mali
Vernacular name : ngege, nyenyele, gwegweni (Bambara), ngege, n'geke tole (Malinke), kafu kwoni (Minyanka) (Senoufo), flakumo fogojoda (Bwa)
Mitragyna inermis (Willd.) K.Schum.
Official name : Mitragyna inermis (Willd.) K.Schum.
Family : Rubiaceae
Synonyms : Nauclea africana Willd.
Symptoms : V(095), V(095)
Recipes : Vo(095), Vc(095), sheep and goat fodders of leaves and twigs
Region : West Africa
Country : Mali
Vernacular name : jun (Bambara), jun, ko baro (Malinke), jun (Minyanka) (Senoufo), kojoli (Peuhl)
Mitragyna inermis (Willd.) K.Schum.
Official name : Mitragyna inermis (Willd.) K.Schum.
Family : Rubiaceae
Synonyms : Nauclea africana Willd.
Symptoms : H(004), H(008), H(031), H(045), H(051), H(068), H(099), H(104), H(113), H(126)
Recipes : H(004) wounds, H(045) vulnerary, powder trunks barks of Mitragina inermis, local application
H(008) dysentery, H(068) bilharziosis, H(104) belly pains, powder trunks barks of Mitragina inermis, RNS.
H(051) paludism, barks and leaves of Mitragyna., fumigation, bath
H(031) intercostal pain, H(113) arthritis, H(113) myalgia, H(126) icterus, decoction of leaves of Mitragyna., bath, VO.
H(099) epilepsy, barks of Kigelia africana of Mitragyna inermis, roots of Zanthoxylum zantoxyloïdes of seeds of Sterculia setigera, RNS.
H(201) mental diseases, roots and leaves of Diospyros mespiliformis of Mitragina inermis of Piliostigma thonningii of Guiera senegalensis of Cymbopogon giganteus (?), RNS.
Region : West Africa
Country : Mali
Vernacular name : jun (Bambara), jun, ko baro (Malinke), jun (Minyanka) (Senoufo), kojoli (Peuhl)
Moringa oleifera Lam.
Official name : Moringa oleifera Lam.
Family : Moringaceae
Symptoms : H(001), H(003), H(013), H(051), H(075), H(088), H(113), H(126), H(135), H(189)
Recipes : H(001) eyes diseases, sap of leaves and inflorescences of Moringa oleifera, instillation
H(013) abscess, H(113) rheumatism, H(113) articular pains, H(003) sprains, leaves, twigs with leaves, roots and barks of Moringa oleifera, maceration, RNS.
H(051) paludism, H(126) icterus, decoction of leaves and twigs with leaves of Moringa oleifera, VO.
H(075) appetizer, H(135) digestif, decoction trunks barks, VO.
H(088) astringent, gum, RNS.
H(189) nose diseases, powder of roots of Moringa oleifera, RNS.
Region : West Africa
Country : Mali
Vernacular name : nasa yiri, jirininbulu (Bambara), irinibulu, zogala gandi (Malinke), masa yiri (Minyanka) (Senoufo) (Bwa)
Nauclea latifolia Sm.
Official name : Nauclea latifolia Sm.
Family : Rubiaceae
Synonyms : Sarcocephalus russeggeri Schweinf. , Sarcocephalus latifolius (Smith) Bruce , Sarcocephalus esculentus Afzel. ex Sabine
Symptoms : H(001), H(004), H(006), H(006), H(051), H(053), H(100), H(103), H(104), H(126), H(135), H(179)
Recipes : H(001) spek in the eye, roots of Nauclea latifolia cooked under hot ashes, pommade
H(001) conjunctivitis, H(004) eyes wounds, H(001) spek in the eye, sap of stems with leaveschauffées, eyes instillation
H(006) constipation, H(051) paludism, H(126) icterus, H(100) blennorrage, powder barks of Nauclea., RNS.
H(006) constipation, H(051) paludism, H(126) icterus, H(179) insufficiency of kidney, H(100) blennorrage, powder of fruits of Nauclea., RNS.
H(006) purgative, leaves of Nauclea., to boil, VO.
H(006) + H(104) gastro-intestinal diseases, H(006) constipation, H(135) indigestion, maceration roots of Nauclea. + honey, VO.
H(051) paludism, leaves and roots of Cassia sieberiana of Nauclea latifolia, bath and fumigations
H(051) fevers, leaves macerated of Nauclea., VO.
H(053) otitis, barks of Nauclea., to pound in H2O, ears instillation
H(103) tooth ashes, roots of Nauclea., to chew
H(126) liver cure, roots of Nauclea. , to wash, take out the fibers, conservation in bottle
Region : West Africa
Country : Mali
Vernacular name : baro, bari, badi (Bambara), bari (Malinke), gesayanga cige, kasayanga (Minyanka),cinjere kasan (Senoufo), samia nyonkuna (Bobo-fing), ayugu (Dogon)
Oncoba spinosa Forssk.
Official name : Oncoba spinosa Forssk.
Family : Flacourtiaceae
Symptoms : H(008), H(091), H(162)
Recipes : H(008) dysentery, roots decoction of Oncoba spinosa + millet porridge, VO.
H(091) fortifying, powder of roots of Oncoba spinosa + meat with the meal
H(162) urine retention, infusion of roots of Oncoba
Region : West Africa
Country : Mali
Vernacular name : sirabara, konkobarani (Bambara), ko barani, kongobarani (Malinke), babara (Minyanka), togo soro nani (Senoufo)
Opilia celtidifolia (Guill. & Perr.) Endl.
Official name : Opilia celtidifolia (Guill. & Perr.) Endl.
Family : Opiliaceae
Synonyms : Opilia amentacea Roxb.
Symptoms : H(001), H(004), H(005), H(006), H(007), H(008), H(013), H(014), H(018), H(020), H(053), H(068), H(075), H(091), H(104), H(113), H(126), H(173)
Recipes : H(001) conjunctivitis, H(001) cataracts, H(001) blindness, decoction of stems with leaves of Opilia celtidifolia, eyes instillations
H(001) eyes diseases, H(005) face oedema, leaves macerated (H2O) of Opilia celtidifolia, RNS.
H(001) bad vision at night, roots, stems with leaves of Opilia celtidifolia, to boil, to macerate, bath
H(006) constipations, H(068) vermifuge, H(126) icterus, H(126) liver cirrhosis, H(075) anorexia, powder of roots of Opilia celtidifolia
H(006) purgative, H(007) diuretic, roots of Opilia celtidifolia, bouillies, VO.
H(008) diarrhoea, decoction of stems with leaves of Opilia celtidifolia with karite butter (Butyrospermum paradoxum), RNS.
H(013) tooth abscess, decoction of stems with leaves of Opilia., mouth bath
H(014) skin disease,H(014) mycosia, H(018) cephalgy, H(068) onchocerciasis, H(075) anorexia, H(091) stimulating, H(113) lameness, decoction of stems with leaves of Opilia., fumigations, bath
H(020) snakes bites (first cure), green leaves crushed, local application (?)
H(053) otitis, H(004) wounds of the ear conduct, H(018) sick headache,H(013) abscess, decoction of stems with leaves of Opilia., RNS.
H(068) intestinal worms, H(068) ascaris, appetizer, roots and boiled leaves, VO.
H(068) trichina, stems with leaves of Opilia., to boil, RNS.
H(068) vermifuges, oxyure des childs, stems with leaves of Opilia. + salt, maceration, RNS.
H(091) fortifying, decoction of leaves of Opilia., bath, VO.
H(091) asthenia des childs, decoction of stems with leaves of Opilia , bath
H(104) belly pains, decoction of leaves of Opilia., VO.
H(173) leprosy, meningitis, boiled leaves of Opilia., RNS.
Region : West Africa
Country : Mali
Vernacular name : koronge, kukiruni, korongweyin, solaminkon (Bambara), korongoy, nenbosi (Malinke), kagbogo, kamugi (Senoufo), nyèso (Bobo-fing)
Ostryoderris stuhlmannii (Taub.) Dunn ex Harms
Official name : Ostryoderris stuhlmannii (Taub.) Dunn ex Harms
Family : Fabaceae
Synonyms : Xeroderris stuhlmannii (Taub.) Mendonça & Sousa
Symptoms : H(005), H(006), H(007), H(008), H(036), H(037), H(051), H(068), H(077), H(102), H(109), H(126)
Recipes : H(006) purgative, leaves of Xeroderris stuhlmannii , decoction, VO. (delicate dose)
H(006) purgative, H(008) dysentery, H(037) cough, trunks barks of Xeroderris stuhlmannii of Pterocarpus erinaceus of Acacia macrostachya of Lannea acida, RNS. (pay care!)
H(005) face oedema, H(007) diuretic, H(008) dysentery, H(051) paludism, H(051) fevers, H(036) vertigo, H(109) lumbar pains, decoction of stems with leaves of Xeroderris stuhlmannii, RNS. (delicate dose)
H(051) fevers, H(068) vermifuges, roots decoction of Xeroderris stuhlmannii , VO. (delicate dose)
H(068) vermifuges, H(126) icterus, H(077) nausea, roots and trunks barks of Xeroderris stuhlmannii, RNS. (delicate dose)
H(102) bile, decoction trunk barks of Xeroderris., RNS.
Region : West Africa
Country : Mali
Vernacular name : kungodugaranin, musonsanan (Bambara), bèbè, mugioro (Malinke), kalajege (Minyanka), kalajige, kalajege (Senoufo), funjaa, jira bwamene (Bwa)
Parinari curatellifolia Planch. ex Benth.
Official name : Parinari curatellifolia Planch. ex Benth.
Family : Chrysobalanaceae
Synonyms : Parinari curatellifolia Planch. ex Benth. subsp. mobola (Oliv.) R. A. Graham
Symptoms : H(037), H(095), H(108), H(116), H(184)
Recipes : H(037) bronchitis, H(108) coryza, rhinites, trunk barks of Parinari curatellifolia, RNS.
H(116) amenorrhoea, powder of roots of Parinari curatellifolia + cola nuts to scrape + salt, RNS.
H(184) hydroceles, powder of roots of Parinari curatellifolia of Detarium senegalense in ointment
H(095) food, fruit, VO.
Region : West Africa
Country : Mali
Vernacular name : tutu ntamba (Bambara), kura tamba (Malinke), naporogo (Minyanka), cimporogo (Senoufo)
Parkia biglobosa ( Jacq.) R.Br. ex G. Don
Official name : Parkia biglobosa ( Jacq.) R.Br. ex G. Don
Family : Fabaceae
Synonyms : Parkia clappertoniana Keay
Symptoms : H(001), H(006), H(020), H(037), H(051), H(051x), H(053), H(068), H(075), H(091), H(093), H(094), H(100), H(108), H(111), H(118), H(126), H(131), H(173)
Recipes : H(001) conjunctivitis, H(001) trachoma, H(001) cataracts, H(068) onchocerciasis, mistletoe with leaves en decoction, RNS.
H(001) conjunctivitis, H(001) trachome, H(001) cataracts, H(068) onchocerciasis, mistletoe with leaves en decoction, RNS.
H(006) constipation, H(075) anorexia, H(091) rachitis, H(126) icterus, flour of fruit of Parkia., VO.
H(037) bronchitis, H(118) sore throat, H(100) veneral diseases, barks of Parkia biglobosa, decoction, VO.
H(020) snake, H(093) antidote, barks of Parkia biglobosa of Calotropis procera of Stereospermum kunthianum, RNS.
H(037) pneumonia, barks and leaves of Parkia. en decoction, fumigations, bath, VO.
H(037) pneumonia, H(173) leprosys, H(126) icterus, trunk barks of Parkia. decoction, VO.
H(051x) yellow fever, flour of fruit of Pakia. + palm oil, RNS.
H(053) mumps, barks of Parkia biglobosa , RNS., gargle, inhalations, fumigations
H(094) haemorrhoids, ascaridioses, fresh pounded leaves of Parkia. , maceration, RNS.
H(103) dental abcess, trunk barks of Parkia. decoction, inhalation, mouth bath
H(103) tooth ashes, decoction of leaves of Parkia., RNS.
H(108) cold, leaves of Parkia, decoction, RNS.
H(111) burns, youg leaves gently roasted, local application
H(131) pian, H(156) whooping-cough, stems with leaves of Parkia., decoction, VO.
Region : West Africa
Country : Mali
Vernacular name : nèrè, nèrè sun (Bambara), nèrè, nètè (Malinke), netige, nenge (Minyanka), mintige (Senoufo), düi (Bwa), nèii (Bobo-fing), yulo (Dogon), niri (Peuhl)
Pavetta crassipes K. Schum.
Official name : Pavetta crassipes K. Schum.
Family : Rubiaceae
Symptoms : H(001), H(013), H(051), H(113)
Recipes : H(001) conjunctivitis, decoction of leaves of Pavetta crassipes, eyes instillations
H(013) syphilitic chancres, powder of leaves of Pavetta crassipes, local applications
H(051) fevers, H(091) avitaminosis, H(091)kwashiokor childs, roots and leaves of Pavetta crassipes, decoction, VO.
H(113) lameness, decoction of leaves of Pavetta crassipes, lavage
Region : West Africa
Country : Mali
Vernacular name : kumuba, kumbafura (Bambara), kumbafura, bimberele (Malinke), kumu (Senoufo)
Pavetta oblongifolia Bremek.
Official name : Pavetta oblongifolia Bremek.
Family : Rubiaceae
Symptoms : H(001), H(051), H(100), H(137), H(186)
Recipes : H(001) conjunctivitis, boiled leaves de ¨Pavetta oblongifolia, fumigation
H(051) fevers childs, decoction of leaves of Pavetta oblongifolia, VO.
H(100) syphilis, decoction of leaves of Pavetta oblongifolia, to wash
H(137) analgesic, H(186) expectorant, roots of Pavetta oblongifolia, decoction, bath, VO.
Region : West Africa
Country : Mali
Vernacular name : warasakuman (Bambara) (Malinke)
Phyllanthus discoideus (Baill.) Muell. Arg.
Official name : Phyllanthus discoideus (Baill.) Muell. Arg.
Family : Phyllanthaceae
Symptoms : H(006), H(045), H(091), H(095)
Recipes : H(006) pugative, roots and barks of Phyllanthus discoideus , RNS
H(045) vulnerary, leaves of Phyllanthus discoideus, local application
H(091) stimulating, leaves of Phyllanthus. RNS., frictions and VO.
H(095) food, ashes of wood as saltt
Region : West Africa
Country : Mali
Vernacular name : badulafen (Bambara), mununna, jula sungalani (Malinke), jula sungalani (Senoufo)
Piliostigma reticulatum (DC.) Hochst.
Official name : Piliostigma reticulatum (DC.) Hochst.
Family : Fabaceae
Synonyms : Bauhinia reticulata DC.
Symptoms : V(092)
Recipes : V(092) fishing poison, harpoons are coated with chewed leaves of Piliostigma reticulatum
Region : West Africa
Country : Mali
Vernacular name : nyamacè (Bambara), myama ke (Malinke), jowara, duwanya (mly), kortime, kortinge (Senoufo), luho (Bwa), tibisina (Bobo-fing), koibo (Dogon), barki (Peuhl)
Piliostigma reticulatum (DC.) Hochst.
Official name : Piliostigma reticulatum (DC.) Hochst.
Family : Fabaceae
Synonyms : Bauhinia reticulata DC.
Symptoms : H(004), H(006), H(008), H(013), H(036), H(037), H(045), H(051), H(088), H(094), H(099), H(100), H(102), H(124), H(126), H(135), H(170), H(195)
Recipes : H(006) laxative, H(006) purgative, H(006) constipation, H(102) bile, H(126) icterus, H(126) liver, H(135) indigestion, powder of fruits of Piliostigma reticulatum, RNS.
H(004) wounds, H(006) purgative, H(037) tuberculosis, roots decoction of Piliostigma reticulatum, RNS.
H(008) diarrhoea, H(008) dysentery, H(088) astringent, decoction of trunk barks of Piliostigma reticulatum, RNS.
H(036) vertigo, leaves of piliostigma., to chew
H(013) chancres,H(013) ulcers,H(037) bronchitis, H(051) paludism, H(100) syphilis, decoction of leaves of Piliostigma reticulatum of Guiera senegalensis of Securidaca longipedunculata, RNS.
H(045) cicatrizing, H(045) antiseptic, barks and leaves of Piliostigma reticulatum, RNS.
H(037) pulmonary diseases, decoction of stems with leaves of Piliostigma., friction sur la poitrine
H(051) fevers, H(126) icterus, powder of mistletoe with leaves of Piliostigma, RNS.
H(094) haemorrhoids, decoction of stems with leaves of Piliostigma., RNS.
H(099) epilepsy, decoction of leaves of Piliostigma reticulatum, bath, VO.
H(124) epistaxis, powder trunk barks of Piliostigma reticulatum, RNS.
H(170) common dropsi, H(195) hydropisy, maceration of roots of Piliostigma reticulatum of Cassia sieberiana, RNS.
Region : West Africa
Country : Mali
Vernacular name : nyamacè (Bambara), myama ke (Malinke), jowara, duwanya (mly), kortime, kortinge (Senoufo), luho (Bwa), tibisina (Bobo-fing), koibo (Dogon), barki (Peuhl)
Piliostigma thonningii (Schumach.) Milne-Redh.
Official name : Piliostigma thonningii (Schumach.) Milne-Redh.
Family : Fabaceae
Synonyms : Bauhinia thonningii Schumach.
Symptoms : V(092)
Recipes : V(092) fishing poison, chewed leaves of Piliostigma thonningii
Region : West Africa
Country : Mali
Vernacular name : nyamaba, nyamamuso (Bambara), nyama ba, foro (Malinke), jowara, jurungo (Minyanka), ciwanga, kortinge, kortime (Senoufo), luho (Bwa), tibisaa (Dogon), barkere (Peuhl)
Piliostigma thonningii (Schumach.) Milne-Redh.
Official name : Piliostigma thonningii (Schumach.) Milne-Redh.
Family : Fabaceae
Synonyms : Bauhinia thonningii Schumach.
Symptoms : H(001), H(004), H(006), H(008), H(013), H(014), H(036), H(037), H(046), H(051), H(068), H(094), H(104), H(111x), H(126), H(201)
Recipes : H(001) conjunctivitis, H(001) trachoma, H(001) cataracts, summit of flowers not yet open, decoction, eyes instillation
H(004) wounds new born, flowers summits not yet open, decoction, sweet frictions
H(004) wounds, decoction of roots and leaves of Piliostigma thonningii, RNS.
H(004) wounds, leaves of Piliostigma thonningii en local application
H(006) purgative, roots sans fibers of Piliostigma thonningii, RNS.
H(008) + H(104) abdominal pains childs, decoction of leaves of Maranthes polyandra of Piliostigma thonningii of Hymenocardia acida of Nauclea latifolia., VO.
H(008) dysentery, H(051) paludism, H(068) vermifuges,H(037) tuberculosis, roots decoction of Piliostigma thonningii, RNS.
H(013) ulcers, paste of leaves of Piliostigma thonningii en local application
H(014) skin disease, boutons, maceration of youg leaves of Piliostigma., to wash
H(036) vertigo, leaves of Piliostigma, to chew or en decoction
H(037) cough pregnant femal, powder of leaves of Piliostigma mixed with blood of beef or of sheep in porridge
H(046) varicella, stems with leaves of Piliostigma, RNS.
H(051) fevers, infusion of leaves of Piliostigma., VO.
H(051) paludism, H(126) icterus, summit of flowers not yet open, decoction, VO.
H(068) onchocerciasis, mistletoe with leaves en decoction, bath, VO.
H(094) haemorrhoids, stems with leaves of Piliostigma, RNS., bath of siège
H(111x) insolation, epistaxis, pounded barks and dried, RNS.
H(201) mental diseases, roots and leaves of Diospyros mespiliformis of Mitragina inermis of Piliostigma thonningii of Guiera senegalensis of Cymbopogon giganteus (?), RNS.
Region : West Africa
Country : Mali
Vernacular name : nyamaba, nyamamuso (Bambara), nyama ba, foro (Malinke), jowara, jurungo (Minyanka), ciwanga, kortinge, kortime (Senoufo), luho (Bwa), tibisaa (Dogon), barkere (Peuhl)
Prosopis africana (Guill. & Perr.) Taub.
Official name : Prosopis africana (Guill. & Perr.) Taub.
Family : Fabaceae
Symptoms : H(001), H(006), H(007), H(008), H(013), H(014), H(018), H(036), H(068), H(076), H(078), H(104), H(113), H(118), H(139), H(151)
Recipes : H(001) cataracts, decoction stems with leaves of Prosopis africana, eyes instilations
H(006) purgative, H(007) diuretic, trunks barks of Tamarindus indica of Prosopis africana, RNS.
H(007) diuretic, H(008) diarrhoea, H(113) inflammations, H(104) belly pains, H(068) intestinal worms, roots decoction of Detarium., RNS.
H(013) tooth abscess, H(103) caries, decoction trunk barks of Prosopis., inhalation, gargles
H(014) tinea, H(018) sick headache, H(036) vertigo, boiled leaves of Prosopis., local applications
H(076) mouth diseases, H(076) stomatitis, H(076) aphtae, infusion of leaves of Prosopis., gargle
H(076) stomatitis, H(103) caries, tooth-pick
H(078) liver cancer, H(126) liver disease, H(151) hypertension, decoction stems with leaves of Prosopis., RNS.
H(103) tooth ashes, decoction stems with leaves, inhalation, gargle
H(103) tooth ashes, roots of Detarium., decoction, mouth wash
H(118) throat (hoarseness), sweet roots of Prosopis., to chew
H(139) sexual incapacity, powder of roots of Prosopis africana of Tamarindus indica, RNS.
Region : West Africa
Country : Mali
Vernacular name : gwele (Bambara) (Minyanka) (Senoufo), gele, nièbere (Malinke), 'a'nu (Bwa), kin (Bobo-fing), tidene (Peuhl)
Pseudocedrela kotschyi (Schweinf.) Harms
Official name : Pseudocedrela kotschyi (Schweinf.) Harms
Family : Meliaceae
Synonyms : Cedrela kotschyi Schweinf.
Symptoms : H(006), H(007), H(008), H(050), H(051), H(086), H(091), H(092), H(094), H(104), H(126), H(131), H(135)
Recipes : H(006) purgative, H(007) diuretic, H(135) indigestions, H(006) constipations, H(008) + H(104) intestinal pains, H(050) meteorism, H(100) syphilis, powder of roots of Pseudocedrela kotschyi, RNS.
H(006) constipation, H(104) belly pains, H(051) fevers, H(051) paludism, H(126) icterus, H(091) kwashiorkor, H(094) haemorrhoids, prolapse of the rectum decoction of stems with leaves, roots, trunks barks of Pseudocedrela., RNS.
H(086) neck adenitis, decoction of leaves of Pseudocedrela., inhalation, head lotion
H(104) stomach pains, infusion barks of Pseudocedrela kotschyi, infusion, VO. (dangerous cure, barks are toxic)
H(131) pian, syphilitic chancre, maceration of barks of Pseudocedrela., external cure
Region : West Africa
Country : Mali
Vernacular name : sensanfin, sinzan, lombo (Bambara), sinzan, selinsa, zezalompo (Malinke), zaza, zega (Minyanka), surunyumpu, surunyumpee (Senoufo), mucire (Bwa)
Psidium guajava L.
Official name : Psidium guajava L.
Family : Myrtaceae
Symptoms : H(006), H(088)
Recipes : H(006) sweet laxative, H(088) astringent, roots and leaves of Psidium guajava, RNS.
H(006) sweet laxative, H(091) stimulating, rape fruit of Psidium., RNS.
Region : West Africa
Country : Mali
Vernacular name : goyaki, biaki, buyaki (Bambara) (Malinke), gbyaghe (Minyanka), goyaki, byaghe (Senoufo)
Psorospermum corymbiferum Hochr.
Official name : Psorospermum corymbiferum Hochr.
Family : Hypericaceae
Symptoms : H(004), H(014), H(020), H(051), H(090), H(099), H(170), H(210x), H(210y)
Recipes : H(004) wounds of dog bite, onguent of pounded roots of Psorospermum corymbiferum, local application
H(004) wounds,H(014) itch, pounded barks of Psorospermum corymbiferum with karite butter (Butyrospermum paradoxum), local application
H(014) tinea, decoction of Psorospermum corymbiferum mixed with karite butter (Butyrospermum paradoxum), local application
H(020) morsure of snake, onguent of pounded roots of Psorospermum corymbiferum, local application
H(051) paludism, stems with leaves of Psorospermum corymbiferum of Guiera senegalensis of Fadogia erythrophloea of Gardenia sokotensis, VO.
H(090) heart diseases, H(170) common dropsi, H(210x) désintoxicant, decoction of Psorospermum corymbiferum, VO.
H(099) epilepsy, hot decoction of leaves of Psorospermum., VO.
H(210y) eating ground, infusion of leaves of Psorospermum, VO.
Region : West Africa
Country : Mali
Vernacular name : karijakuma (Bambara) (Malinke), sorosow (Bwa)
Psorospermum febrifugum Spach
Official name : Psorospermum febrifugum Spach
Family : Hypericaceae
Symptoms : H(007), H(014), H(051), H(076)
Recipes : H(007) diuretic, H(051) fevers, leaves of Psorospermum febrifugum, infusion, VO.
H(014) itch, barks of roots dePsorospermum febrifugum
H(051) paludism, stems with leaves of Psorospermum febrifugumen decoction, VO.
H(076) stomatitis, tepid decoction of roots of Psorospermum febrifugum, mouth bath
Region : West Africa
Country : Mali
Vernacular name : karijakuma (Bambara) (Malinke), sorosow (Bwa)
Pteleopsis suberosa Engl. & Diels
Official name : Pteleopsis suberosa Engl. & Diels
Family : Combretaceae
Symptoms : H(001), H(008), H(037), H(043), H(056), H(068), H(094), H(099), H(103), H(118), H(124)
Recipes : H(001) conjunctivitis, H(001) trachoma, H(001) cataracts, concentrated decoction of barks of Pteleopsis suberosa, eyes instillation
H(008) amoebian dysentery, barks of Pteleopsis suberosa , macerated (H2O), VO;
H(037) cough, barks fibers of Pteleopsis suberosa, to chew
H(037) cough, maceration of fibers du wood of Pteleopsis. VO.
H(043) meningitis, decoction of leaves of Pteleopsis, bath, VO.
H(056) filaria, H(094) haemorrhoids, decoction barks of Pteleopsis suberosa, bath
H(068) bilharziosis, decoction of fibers du wood of Pteleopsis. VO.
H(099) calmings childs, decoction barks of Pteleopsis suberosa, VO.
H(103) caries (preventive cure), tooth-picks
H(103) tooth ashes, barks of Pteleopsis suberosa, decoction, RNS.
H(118) angina, stems with leaves of Pteleopsis, decoction, VO.
H(124) hemorrage after a teeth extraction, long decoction of fibers of barks of Pteleopsis suberosa, gargle and mouth bath
Region : West Africa
Country : Mali
Vernacular name : tèrèni, ntèlènin (Bambara), gwan (Malinke), nyanyanga, nanyarga (Minyanka), nanyinge (Senoufo), hèminu (Bwa)
Pterocarpus erinaceus Poir.
Official name : Pterocarpus erinaceus Poir.
Family : Fabaceae
Symptoms : H(001), H(004), H(005), H(006), H(008), H(013), H(018), H(031), H(037), H(051), H(068), H(075), H(078), H(082), H(091), H(118), H(131), H(173)
Recipes : H(001) conjunctivitis, H(001) trachoma, H(001) cataracts, decoction trunk barks of Pterocarpus erinaceus, eyes instillations
H(001) conjunctivitis, H(001) trachoma, sap du trunk of Pterocarpus erinaceus, eyes instillation
H(001) cataracts, H(001) bad vision at night, crushed trunk barks of Pterocarpus erinaceus with rock salt, filtrer, RNS.
H(004) wounds, old and young barks of Pterocarpus erinaceus, RNS.
H(008) diarrhoea, H(118) angina, sap du trunk of Pterocarpus erinaceus, gargle
H(008) dysentery, H(006) purgative,H(037) cough, trunks barks of Xeroderris stuhlmannii of Pterocarpus erinaceus of Acacia macrostachya of Lannea acida, RNS.
H(008) dysentery, H(078) glands tumour, decoction trunk barks of Pterocarpus., VO.
H(013) ulcer, sap du trunk of Pterocarpus erinaceus, instillation
H(018) sick headache, H(075) appetizer, powders of leaves of Pterocarpus., RNS.
H(018) sick headache, H(051) fevers, H(051) paludism, decoction of leaves of Pterocarpus erinaceus
H(031) body side pain, H(082) respiratory diseases, decoction of stems with leaves of Pterocarpus., VO.
H(037) chest pains, decoction of roots and leaves and barks of Hymenocardia acida of Pterocarpus erinaceus, RNS.
H(068) amibiasiss, decoction trunk barks of Pterocarpus., in foods
- H(082) respiratory diseases, powders trunks barks of Pterocarpus erinaceus, RNS.
H(005) face oedema, decoction of leaves of Pericopsis laxiflora of Pterocarpus erinaceus, fumigation
H(091) vitamines, roots decoction of Pterocarpus., VO.
H(091) restorative, decoction of mistletoe with leaves of Pterocarpus erinaceus, VO.
H(131) pian, H(173) leprosy, leaves of Diospyros mespiliformis of Erythrina senegalensis of Pterocarpus erinaceus, RNS., external use
Region : West Africa
Country : Mali
Vernacular name : gweni, goni (Bambara), gènu (Malinke), nyanyerenge, nyanyaranga, nangerenge (Minyanka), nyanyerenge, nangerenge (Senoufo), yèho (Bwa), nyinii (Bobo-fing), waya (Dogon), bani, banuhi (Peuhl)
Pterocarpus santalinoides L'Hér. ex DC.
Official name : Pterocarpus santalinoides L'Hér. ex DC.
Family : Fabaceae
Symptoms : H(006), H(008), H(034), H(055)
Recipes : H(006) purgative, H(055) vomitive, stems with leaves of Pterocarpus satanlinoides, decoction, bath, VO.
H(008) diarrhoea, H(008) amoebian dysenterys, decoction of leaves of Pterocarpus satanlinoides, VO.
H(034) tachycardia, fresh almond of Pterocarpus., VO.
Region : West Africa
Country : Mali
Vernacular name : jako, jegu, jawu (Bambara), jagu, jegu (Malinke), duguja (Senoufo)
Saba senegalensis (A.DC.) Pichon
Official name : Saba senegalensis (A.DC.) Pichon
Family : Apocynaceae
Synonyms : Landolphia senegalensis (A. DC.) Kotschy & Peyr.
Symptoms : H(001), H(004), H(007), H(008), H(018), H(037), H(053), H(104), H(131), H(145), H(201)
Recipes : H(001) vue déclinante, H(018) cephalgy,H(037) cough, long decoction of leaves of Saba senegalensis, inhalation
H(004) wounds, powder of dried fruits, local application
H(007) diuretic, green fruits of Saba., cuire, VO.
H(008) amoebian dysentery, H(091) restorative, maceration of leaves of Combretum fragrans of Lannea acida of Saba senegalensis, RNS.
H(053) otitis, decoction des summits of Saba., RNS.
H(104) belly pains, H(131) pian, decoction of stems with leaves, RNS.
H(145) prolapse of the rectum soft leaves of Saba., crushed and malaxed in H2O, VO.
H(201) spirits possession, roots of de Saba senegalensis of Securidaca longepedunculata, bath and fumigation
Region : West Africa
Country : Mali
Vernacular name : saba, zaban, nsaban (Bambara), nzaban (Malinke), kampirge, kampere cige (Minyanka), kamperinge, kampirge (Senoufo), nyabanu (Bwa), bu (Bobo-fing)
Sclerocarya birrea (A. Rich.) Hochst.
Official name : Sclerocarya birrea (A. Rich.) Hochst.
Family : Anacardiaceae
Symptoms : H(001), H(003), H(006), H(018), H(037), H(046), H(051), H(093), H(103), H(116), H(118), H(127)
Recipes : H(001) conjunctivitis, leaves powder + H2O, eyes instillations
H(003) swellings, trunks barks of Sclerocarya birrea, local application + VO. from barks
H(008) diarrhoea, barks of stems with leaves of Sclerocarya., decoction, VO.
H(006) purgative, H(051) paludism child, H(093) anti-venomous, H(127) spleen inflamation, decoction trunk barks of Sclerocarya., RNS.
H(018) cephalgy, decoction trunk barks of Sclerocarya birrea, karite butter (Butyrospermum paradoxum), paste, forehead application
H(037) cough, decoction trunk barks of Sclerocarya., VO.
H(046) chicken-pox, trunks barks of Sclerocarya birrea, barks of Butyrospermum paradoxum, maceration (H2O), RNS.
H(103) caries, trunks barks of Sclerocarya., maceration, mouth bath
H(103) caries and tooth pain, tooth-pick
H(116) amenorrhoea, powder trunks barks of Sclerocarya birrea, RNS.
H(118) hoarseness, little green branchs of Sclerocarya., to chew
Region : West Africa
Country : Mali
Vernacular name : nkunan, kuntan (Bambara), nkunan, ngana (Malinke), nkudanga (Minyanka) (Senoufo), 'una, 'ule (Bwa), tintèru (Bobo-fing), bee (Dogon), gurugahi (Peuhl)
Securidaca longipedunculata Fresen.
Official name : Securidaca longipedunculata Fresen.
Family : Polygalaceae
Symptoms : H(001), H(003), H(006), H(007), H(008), H(013), H(018), H(020), H(037), H(043), H(051), H(056), H(068), H(070), H(078), H(091), H(093), H(100), H(103), H(104), H(106), H(113), H(116), H(126), H(162), H(173), H(201)
Recipes : H(001) eyes troubles, H(006) constipation, H(068) onchocerciasis, H(091) asthenia, maceration of roots of Cassia sieberiana of Securidaca longipedunculata, RNS.
H(001) conjunctivitis, H(001) cataracts, H(001) trachoma, decoction of stems with leaves of Securidaca longipedunculata, eyes instillation
H(001) eyes diseases, H(006) laxative, H(007) diuretic, H(162) urine retention, decoction of leaves and twigs of Annona senegalensis, RNS.
H(003) painfull swellings, roots decoction of Securidaca longipedunculata , fumigation, massages
H(008) + H(104) intestinal occlusion, decoction of stems with leaves of Tamarindus indica of Securidaca longipedunculata , RNS.
H(013) chancres,H(013) ulcers,H(037) bronchitis, H(051) paludism, H(100) syphilis, decoction of leaves of Piliostigma reticulatum of Guiera senegalensis of Securidaca longipedunculata, RNS.
H(018) sick headache, powder of roots of Khaya senegalensis of Securidaca longepedunculata, RNS.
H(018) sick headache, decoction of soft leaves of Hymenocardia acida of roots of Securidaca longipedunculata, RNS.
H(020) snake bite, leaves and twigs hachés and avalés, traitement d'attente
H(020) snake bite, local application of pounded roots of Securidaca longipedunculata
H(020) snake bite, infusion des barks du trons of Securidaca., VO.
H(037) tuberculosis, roots of Securidaca longipedunculata, maceration, VO.
H(043) meningitis, roots decoction of Securidaca longipedunculata , massage ofthe head and the neck
H(051) fevers, decoction of leaves of Securidaca, fumigation
H(056) filariosis, powder trunk barks of Securidaca., RNS.
H(068) onchocerciasis, roots decoction of Annona senegalensis of Securidaca longipedunculata of Vitex doniana, RNS.
H(068) tenia, H(103) tooth ashes, H(006) purgative, H(173) leprosy, roots decoction of Securidaca longipedunculata, RNS.
H(068) tenia, H(078) uterus fibroma, pounded roots of Securidaca longipedunculata , RNS., VO.
H(070) rage, ashes of roots of Securidaca longipedunculata, RNS.
H(093) antipoison, powder of roots of Securidaca longipedunculata + H2O tepid, VO.
H(104) belly pains of pregnant femal, roots crushed of Securidaca longipedunculata in H2O + lemon juice, VO.
H(106) snake repulsive, twigs of Securidaca. at the door
H(113) rheumatism, pounded barks of Boscia senegalensis of Boscia angustifolia of Securidaca longipedunculata, pounded in H2O, RNS.
H(113) rheumatism, pulp roots of Securidaca . , to swalow slowly
H(113) lameness, roots decoction of Securidaca longipedunculata + marc, RNS.
H(113) lameness, decoction of trunk barks of Securidaca longipedunculata, VO.
H(113) lameness, infusion trunk barks of Securidaca longipedunculata
H(116) amenorrhoea, decoction of leaves of Securidaca, VO.
H(126) liver cirrhosis, roots of Ficus dicranostyla of Trichilia emetica of Pericopsis laxiflora of Securidaca longipedunculata, RNS.
H(201) spirits possession, roots of de Saba senegalensis of Securidaca longepedunculata, bath and fumigation
Region : West Africa
Country : Mali
Vernacular name : joro, jori, joto, diro (Bambara), kièfrèke, mankana (Malinke), juti dugupya jege (Minyanka), fyeme, fyire (Senoufo), so'omu, so hwinu (Bwa), alale (Peuhl), hasukoirè (sg)
Securinega virosa (Roxb. ex Willd.) Baill.
Official name : Securinega virosa (Roxb. ex Willd.) Baill.
Family : Euphorbiaceae
Symptoms : H(001), H(006), H(008), H(018), H(020), H(033), H(051), H(068), H(094), H(095), H(102), H(104), H(126), H(139)
Recipes : H(001) conjunctivitis, decoction stems with leaves of Securinega virosa, eyes instilations
H(001) eyes cure, maceration of roots of Securinega virosa, eyes instillations
H(006) laxative, H(008) + H(104) enteralgic, H(051) paludism, H(102) bile, H(126) icterus, powder of roots of Securinega virosa + rock salt, RNS.
H(020) snakes bites, H(051) bilious fever, H(068) bilharziosis, H(033) sterility, H(139) sexual incapacity, H(094) haemorrhoids, roots decoction of Securinega virosa, decoction, RNS.
H(051) fevers childs, H(051) paludism, H(018) sick headache, H(102) bile, decoction of stems with leaves of Securinega., RNS.
H(068) bilharziosis, roots and stems with leaves of Vernonia colorata of Securinega virosa of Combretum glutinosum of Acacia sieberiana, RNS.
H(095) food, rape fruits
Region : West Africa
Country : Mali
Vernacular name : jene, surukujè (Bambara), nginnin (Malinke), jene (Minyanka), jeme (Senoufo), sutèmi, sudèrèmi (Bwa), sumenh (Bobo-fing), segele (Dogon)
Spondias mombin L.
Official name : Spondias mombin L.
Family : Anacardiaceae
Synonyms : Spondias lutea L.
Symptoms : H(001), H(008), H(013), H(095), H(103), H(104)
Recipes : H(001) conjunctivitis, roots decoction of Spondias monbin of Lannea microcarpa, eyes instillation
H(001) eyes diseases, suc fresh leaves of Spondias monbin, eyes instillation
H(008) diarrhoea, , decoction of leaves of Spondias., VO.
H(013) abscess, ashes trunks barks of Spondias monbin, pommade, local application
H(103) tooth ashes, green leaves of Spondias, decoction, mouth bath
H(103) caries,H(013) tooth abscess, decoction of leaves of Spondias., gargle
H(104) painfull colics, leaves macerated of Spondias., VO.
H(095) food, fruit, VO., or mixed with porridge in the morning
Region : West Africa
Country : Mali
Vernacular name : minkon (Bambara), minkon, nugon (Malinke), minkwo (Minyanka), minkosun (Senoufo), ence (Bwa)
Sterculia setigera Del.
Official name : Sterculia setigera Del.
Family : Sterculiaceae
Synonyms : Sterculia tomentosa Guill. & Perr.
Symptoms : H(002), H(007), H(008), H(037), H(051), H(053), H(077), H(099), H(100), H(102), H(104), H(126), H(162), H(173)
Recipes : H(002) lactogenic, trunks barks powder of Adansonia digitata of Sterculia setigera + son of mil, RNS.
H(007) diuretic, H(051) fevers, H(051) paludism, H(102) bile, decoction trunk barks of Acacia albida of Sterculia setigera, VO.
H(008) diarrhoea, decoction leaves and barks of Sterculia setigera, VO.
H(008) diarrhoea, H(126) icterus, stems with leaves of Sterculia setigera, decoction, VO.
H(008) diarrhoea, tooth-pick from a branch of Sterculia.
H(037) cough, trunks barks of Sterculia., to chew
H(053) otitis, powder du fruit of Sterculia., RNS.
H(077) anti-vomitive, H(100) syphilis, H(173) leprosy, decoction des trunks barks of Sterculia., VO.
H(099) epilepsy, barks of Kigelia africana of Mitragyna inermis, roots of Zanthoxylum zantoxyloïdes of seeds of Sterculia setigera, RNS.
H(104) belly pains, H(173) leprosy, roots decoction of Sterculia setigera, VO.
H(162) urine retention, trunks barks of Sterculia.,maceration, VO
Region : West Africa
Country : Mali
Vernacular name : kungosiranin, kènyèkoro (Bambara), koronfogo, korofogo (Malinke), koro-khuugo, khukhuugo (Minyanka), korokhuugo (Senoufo), bwaciwa (Bwa), tolonfii (Bobo-fing), barabo-tingèni, baramo-tèngènè (Dogon), bobori (Peuhl)
Stereospermum kunthianum Cham.
Official name : Stereospermum kunthianum Cham.
Family : Bignoniaceae
Symptoms : H(004), H(014), H(020), H(037), H(051), H(068), H(091), H(093), H(100), H(115), H(126), H(162)
Recipes : H(004) wounds, decoction trunk barks of Stereospermum kunthianum, local application du résidu
H(014) nettle-rash, H(115) neuritis, stems with leaves of Stereospermum., decoction, RNS.
H(020) snake, H(093) antidote, barks of Parkia biglobosa of Calotropis procera of Stereospermum kunthianum, RNS.
H(037) cough rebelles,H(037) bronchitis,H(037) pneumonia, decoction trunk barks of Stereospermum., VO.
H(051) fevers, H(051) paludism, H(126) icterus, H(082) respiratory diseases, H(100) blennorrage, decoction of roots dde Stereospermum., RNS.
H(068) vermifuge, trunks barks of Ozoroa insignis, barks of Stereospermum kunthianum, RNS.
H(091) fortifying, powder trunks barks in les aliments
H(091) stimulating again fatigue, leaves of Stereospermum., maceration, bath
H(162) urine retention, roots of Stereospermum., decoction, VO.
Region : West Africa
Country : Mali
Vernacular name : mogojiri, mogokolo, so jirani (Bambara), mogojiri, mogokolo (Malinke), shugo yafungo, shimugo (Minyanka), sumpurgo wirini, fumege (Senoufo)
Strychnos spinosa Lam.
Official name : Strychnos spinosa Lam.
Family : Strychnaceae
Synonyms : Strychnos buettneri Gilg
Symptoms : H(001), H(008), H(037), H(103), H(104), H(156)
Recipes : H(001) conjunctivitis, H(001) spek in the eye, leaves of Strychnos spinosa crushed in H2O or decoction, eyes instillations
H(008) diarrhoea, decoction of soft leaves of Strychnos, VO.
H(037) tuberculosis, roots of Strychnos pounded in ground-nuts oil, RNS.
H(103) caries, tooth-picks
H(104) belly pains, hernie étranglée, roots of Strychnos., maceration in H2O of lavage du sorgho, VO.
H(104) belly pains, roots decoction of Strychnos, VO.
H(156) whooping-cough, inner fruit of Strychnos, VO. (could be dagerous)
Region : West Africa
Country : Mali
Vernacular name : gongoroba, nkankoroba, kulekule (Bambara), kankoro, gangoto tieni (Malinke), kakbogho (Minyanka)kakboghe, kangbulo (Senoufo), namuni, tobwo (Bwa), budan tulu (Bobo-fing)
Swartzia madagascariensis Desv.
Official name : Swartzia madagascariensis Desv.
Family : Fabaceae
Symptoms : V(092)
Recipes : V(092) fishing poison, pounded roots of Swartzia madagascariensis in lthe water
Region : West Africa
Country : Mali
Vernacular name : samagwara (Bambara), samakara, samagara (Malinke), nakonon (Senoufo), sinsènè (Bobo-fing), gugeriki, ohti (Peuhl)
Swartzia madagascariensis Desv.
Official name : Swartzia madagascariensis Desv.
Family : Fabaceae
Symptoms : H(001), H(008), H(051), H(068), H(077), H(091), H(092), H(102), H(123), H(126), H(162), H(170)
Recipes : H(001) eyes cure, H(001) conjunctivitis, H(001) cataracts, decoction barks des roots of Swartzia madagascariensis, eyes instilations
H(008) dysentery, dried fruits of Swartzia., VO.
H(051) fevers, H(126) icterus, decoction of leaves of Swatzia., VO.
H(051) paludism, H(102) bile, powder of fresh roots of Swartzia, RNS.
H(068) onchocerciasis, decoction of leaves of Swatzia., RNS.
H(068) internal parasitism, H(123) food poisoning, H(126) icterus, H(170) common dropsi, H(162) urine retention, barks of roots of Swartzia., to crush, to mix with milk, RNS.
H(077) anti-vomitive, decoction barks des roots of Swartzia madagascariensis, RNS. H(091) restorative, barks of roots, stems of Swartzia. , griller, to pound , to macerate, VO.
H(092) fishing poison, pounded roots of Swartzia madagascariensis in les mares
H(126) icterus, H(170) common dropsi, podre of roots of Swartzia., RNS.
Region : West Africa
Country : Mali
Vernacular name : samagwara (Bambara), samakara, samagara (Malinke), nakonon (Senoufo), sinsènè (Bobo-fing), gugeriki, ohti (Peuhl)
Syzygium guineense (Willd.) DC.
Official name : Syzygium guineense (Willd.) DC.
Family : Myrtaceae
Symptoms : H(001), H(008), H(068), H(076), H(091), H(095), H(126)
Recipes : H(001) cataracts, mistletoe of Syzygium guineense en decoction , eyes washing
H(008) diarrhoea, decoction trunk barks of Syzygium guineense, VO.
H(068) hookworm, twigs with leaves of Syzygium en decoction, fumigation
H(076) stomatitis, decoction trunk barks of Syzygium guineense, mouth wash
H(091) stimulating pregnant woman, barks and leaves of Syzygium macerated (H2O, VO.
H(091) fortifying, decoction of leaves of Syzygium., VO.
H(091) stimulating the walk (child), roots of Syzygium guineense of Bombax costatum of Combretum glutinosum, decoction, RNS.
H(095) food, fruits, VO.
H(126) liver cirrhosis, roots of Syzygium guineense en decoction, RNS.
Region : West Africa
Country : Mali
Vernacular name : kokisa, kuri, konyume (Bambara), kokisa (Malinke), dugutaga (Minyanka), sukomon (Senoufo), dîbî (Bobo-fing), alukile (Dogon)
Tamarindus indica L.
Official name : Tamarindus indica L.
Family : Fabaceae
Synonyms : Tamarindus erythraea Mattei
Symptoms : H(001), H(002), H(006), H(007), H(008), H(013), H(050), H(051), H(068), H(077), H(091), H(095), H(103), H(104), H(113), H(126), H(130), H(139)
Recipes : H(001) conjunctivitis, decoctions of leaves of Tamarindus indica, eyes instillation
H(001) conjunctivitis, decoctions of stems with leaves of Tamarindus indica, eyes instillation
H(001) conjunctivitis, H(001) eyes cure, H(130) paralysis, decoction of leaves and roots of Tamarindus indica, RNS.
H(001) ophtalmia, H(051) paludism, H(126) icterus, leaves of Tamarindus en decoction, VO.
H(001) conjunctivitis, H(001) cataracts, decoction of mistletoe with leaves, eyes instillation
H(002) refusal to suck, roots decoction of Tamarindus indica, RNS.
H(006) purgative, H(007) diuretic, trunks barks of Tamarindus indica of Prosopis africana, RNS.
H(006) laxative H(008) diarrhoea childs, leaves of Tamarindus en infusion, VO.
H(006) laxative, H(008) dysentery, fruit without seeds of Tamarindus, VO.
H(006) constipation, leaves of Tamarindus en decoction, VO.
H(008) diarrhoea, barks roots and trunk of Dalbergia melanoxylon of fruits of Tamarindus indica, RNS.
H(006) constipation, leaves to chew of Tamarindus.
H(006) laxative, H(051) fever, H(104) gastralgia, fruit pulp of Tamarindus., VO.
H(008) + H(104) intestinal diseases childs, maceration of fruits sans seeds of Tamarindus., VO.
H(008) + H(104) intestinal occlusion, decoction of stems with leaves of Tamarindus indica of Securidaca longipedunculata , RNS.
H(013) ulcers, decoction of leaves of fruits or pounded barks of Tamarindus, VO.
H(050) drumbelly , H(051) fevers, H(126) liver, H(113) myalgia, decoction of stems with leaves of Tamarindus indica, RNS.
H(068) tenia, green fruits of Tamarindus, pounded in H2O + lait, VO.
H(068) onchocerciasis, maceration of roots of Diospyros mespiliformis of Vitex doniana of Tamarindus indica of Afzela africana, RNS.
H(077) anti-vomitive, crushed fruits in H2O, VO.
H(091) fortifying childs, decoction of stems with leaves of Tamarindus., bath
H(103) tooth ashes childs, friction of tooth with the fruit pulp of Tamarindus.
H(068) amibiasis, powder of cloves vertes of Tamarindus., VO.
H(126) icterus, H(126) hepatitis, H(126) liver cirrhosis, trunks barks of Tamaribdus. en powder + rock salt, RNS.
H(139) sexual incapacity, powder of roots of Prosopis africana of Tamarindus indica, RNS.
H(095) food, cloves in a refreshing drink VO.
Region : West Africa
Country : Mali
Vernacular name : ntomi, domi (Bambara), ntomi, tombi (Malinke), kataanga, kuntaanga (Minyanka), shoshianga, kataanga (Senoufo), so'o (Bwa), taw (Bobo-fing), ommulu (Dogon)
Terminalia avicennioides Guill. & Perr.
Official name : Terminalia avicennioides Guill. & Perr.
Family : Combretaceae
Synonyms : Terminalia dictyoneura Diels
Symptoms : H(004), H(005), H(008), H(013), H(037), H(045), H(051), H(068), H(091), H(124), H(126)
Recipes : H(004) wounds, powder of roots of Terminalia avicennioides, local application
- H(008) diarrhoea childs, roots of Terminalia. macerated in milk, VO.
H(008) amoebian dysentery, youg leaves of Terminalia en powder, RNS.
H(037) cough, young roots crushed of Terminalia., maceration (H2O), VO.
H(037) cough, leaves of Terminalia, to chew
H(008) dysentery, H(005) face oedema, H(051) fevers, H(126) icterus, roots decoction of Terminalia, RNS.
H(124) H(045) cicatrizing, H(124) haemostatic,H(013) ulcers, roots crushed deTerminalia avicennioides, local application
H(068) hookworm, decoction of leaves of Terminalia, RNS.
H(091) avitaminosis, porridge of roots of Terminalia, VO.
H(124) haemostatic, H(045) cicatrizing, trunk barks of Terminalia., RNS.
Region : West Africa
Country : Mali
Vernacular name : wolojjèni, woloké, waraza (Bambara), wolokè (Malinke), nakobyage, nakowaga (Minyanka), nagopele, nankugo (Senoufo), wanu (Bwa), kobolo sinaa (Bobo-fing), kugo (Dogon), puleni (Peuhl)
Terminalia laxiflora Engl. & Diels
Official name : Terminalia laxiflora Engl. & Diels
Family : Combretaceae
Symptoms : H(008), H(037), H(104)
Recipes : H(008) dysentery,H(037) tuberculosis, roots and leaves after elimination of the sap of the leaves of Terminalia laxiflora, RNS
H(104) belly pains, boiled leaves, RNS.
Region : West Africa
Country : Mali
Vernacular name : wolomuso, woloba (Bambara), woloba (Malinké), nankowanga (Minyanka), nankowanga (Sénoufo), wanu-bwodo (Bwa), kobolo saa (Bobo-fing)
Terminalia macroptera Guil. & Perr.
Official name : Terminalia macroptera Guil. & Perr.
Family : Combretaceae
Symptoms : H(004), H(007), H(008), H(037), H(038), H(051), H(091), H(100), H(103), H(104), H(124), H(126), H(145), H(151)
Recipes : H(004) wounds, powder of roots and barks of Terminalia macroptera, local application
H(007) diuretic, H(038) urinary troubles, H(051) fevers, H(100) blennorrage, H(126) icterus, H(145) prolapse of the rectum, roots of Terminalia macroptera, decoction, RNS.
H(008) + H(104) enteralgic,H(037) tuberculosis, H(051) fevers, H(091) stimulatings, H(100) syphilis, H(126) icterus, H(126) hepatitis, H(104) gastritis, H(151) hypertension, decoction of leaves of Terminalia. , to wash or VO.,
H(037) cough, roots of Terminalia macroptera, pounded, macerated (H20), VO.
H(124) haemostatic, green roots of Terminalia., crushed in local application
H(103) caries, H(103) gingivitis, decoction trunk barks of Terminalia., mouth bath, inhalations
Region : West Africa
Country : Mali
Vernacular name : wolofira, woloba (Bambara), woloba, wolomuso (Malinke), nankowanga, yanku (Minyanka), nankwogo, nankowanga (Senoufo), wabeenu, wabanu (Bwa), kobolo n'gun (Bobo-fing)
Uapaca togoensis Pax
Official name : Uapaca togoensis Pax
Family : Euphorbiaceae
Synonyms : Uapaca somon Aubrév. & Léandri
Symptoms : H(068), H(095), H(156)
Recipes : H(068) onchocerciasis, stems with leaves of Uapaca togoensis, decoction, RNS.
H(095) food, fruit
H(156) whooping-cough, leaves of Uapaca togoensis, RNS.
Region : West Africa
Country : Mali
Vernacular name : somon (Bambara), lisogho, somon (Minyanka), kasilige (Senoufo)
Vernonia colorata (Willd.) Drake
Official name : Vernonia colorata (Willd.) Drake
Family : Asteraceae
Symptoms : H(013), H(036), H(051), H(068), H(099), H(104), H(126)
Recipes : H(013) cutaneous eruptions, decoction of leaves and inflorescences of Vernonia., frictions
H(036) syncopes, H(099) epilepsy, decoction of leaves and inflorescences of Vernonia., inhalations
H(051) fevers, H(104) gastralgia, infusion of leaves of Vernonia colorata, VO.
H(068) bilharziosis, roots and stems with leaves of Vernonia colorata of Securinega virosa of Combretum glutinosum of Acacia sieberiana, RNS.
H(126) hepatitis aigues, decoction of leaves of Vernonia colorata, VO.
Region : West Africa
Country : Mali
Vernacular name : ko safune, ko safina (Bambara) (Malinke), dugu safinenge (Senoufo)
Vitellaria paradoxa C. F. Gaertn.
Official name : Vitellaria paradoxa C. F. Gaertn.
Family : Sapotaceae
Symptoms : H(001), H(006), H(027), H(027y), H(037), H(050), H(077), H(078), H(091), H(093), H(104), H(126), H(162)
Recipes : H(001) conjunctivitis, H(001) trachoma, decoction of leaves of Vitellaria paradoxa, eyes instillations
H(006) constipations, H(126) icterus, H(077) nausea, H(050) belly swellings, leaves of Vitellaria. Cold maceration, VO
H(008) diarrhoea, with blood, almond juice of Vitellaria., RNS.
H(008) diarrhoea, decoction of leaves of Vitellaria paradoxa, bath, VO.
H(008) + H(104) stomach pains, H(078) liver cancer, roots of young plants of Vittellaria., RNS.
H(027y) cure for childs too early weaned, decoction of mistletoe of Vitellaria, bath, VO.
H(037) cough, powder barks of an old trunk, RNS.
H(091) kwashiorkor, powder barks of roots of Maranthes polyandra of Vitellaria paradoxa of Lophira lanceolata in porridge, VO.
H(093) antidote, almond juice of Vitellaria., VO.
H(126) icterus, powder of youg leaves, VO. .
H(162) urine retention, decoction du mistletoe of Vitellaria, VO.
Region : West Africa
Country : Mali
Vernacular name : si (Bambara), si, sie (Malinke), logho, lu cige (Minyanka) (Senoufo), va, vè (Bwa), yiri (Bobo-fing), mije (Dogon), kareje (Peuhl)
Vitex doniana Sweet
Official name : Vitex doniana Sweet
Family : Verbenaceae
Symptoms : H(001), H(004), H(007), H(008), H(008), H(027y), H(068), H(082), H(091), H(095), H(103), H(104), H(173)
Recipes : H(001) purulent conjunctivitis , soft leaves of Vitex doniana, macerated (H2O), eyes instillation
H(007) strong diuretic, H(082) respiratory disease, H(091) general weakness, decoction of leaves and barks, RNS.
H(004) wounds, leaves to chew of Vitex doniana, local application
H(008) diarrhoea, infantiles, ictrères, H(008) + H(104) abdominal pains, H(104) belly pains, H(173) leprosy, trunks barks, stems with leaves, roots of Vitex doniana, decoction, VO.
H(027y) soins postpartum, leaves of Vitex doniana, bouillies, bath, VO.
H(068) amibiasiss, fruits of Vitex doniana, VO.
H(068) onchocerciasis, roots decoction of Annona senegalensis of Securidaca longipedunculata of Vitex doniana, RNS.
H(068) onchocerciasis, maceration of roots of Diospyros mespiliformis of Vitex doniana of Tamarindus indica of Afzela africana, RNS.
H(103) tooth ashes, boiled roots of Vitex doniana, RNS.
H(095) food, rape fruits
Region : West Africa
Country : Mali
Vernacular name : koro ba, korofin (Bambara), koro ba, kutundimon (Malinke), koriyerefo, koro shige (Minyanka), koro ciwe (Senoufo), orhabilu (Bwa)
Vitex doniana Sweet
Official name : Vitex doniana Sweet
Family : Verbenaceae
Symptoms : V(095)
Recipes : Vc(095), goat fodder, leaves of Vitex doniana, VO.
Region : West Africa
Country : Mali
Vernacular name : koro ba, korofin (Bambara), koro ba, kutundimon (Malinke), koriyerefo, koro shige (Minyanka), koro ciwe (Senoufo) orhabilu (Bwa)
Vitex madiensis Oliv.
Official name : Vitex madiensis Oliv.
Family : Verbenaceae
Symptoms : H(004), H(008), H(018), H(045), H(095), H(104), H(113), H(124)
Recipes : H(004) wounds, H(045) vulnerary, pounded barks of Vitex madiensis, local application
H(018) cephalgy, stems with leaves of Vitex., decoction, doucheon the head
H(008) + H(104) abdominal pains, H(104) colics, cooked rice in the decoction of roots of Vitex madiensis, VO.
H(113) lameness, stems with leaves of Vitex., decoction, fumigation
H(124) hemorrage after a teeth extraction, cold gargle from a roots decoction of Vitex madiensis
H(095) food, fruit
Region : West Africa
Country : Mali
Vernacular name : koro, dankele (Bambara), dankelekele (Malinke), korole (Senoufo)
Vitex simplicifolia Oliv.
Official name : Vitex simplicifolia Oliv.
Family : Verbenaceae
Symptoms : H(013), H(043), H(051), H(095), H(103)
Recipes : H(051) paludism, decoction of leaves of Vitex simplicifolia, VO.
H(013) skin diseases, H(103) tooth ashes, extracts of barks of Vitex., RNS.
H(043) tetanus child, stems with leaves of Vitex., decoction, VO.
H(051) paludism, rape fruits of Vitex simplicifolia, VO.
H(095) food, rape fruit
Region : West Africa
Country : Mali
Vernacular name : koronin, koronifin (Bambara), kotoni (Malinke), korofon (Minyanka), koronafan, koro yafan (Senoufo), alumi dunulyo (Dogon)
Ximenia americana L.
Official name : Ximenia americana L.
Family : Olacaceae
Symptoms : H(001), H(004), H(005), H(006), H(008), H(013), H(014), H(018), H(037), H(051), H(051x), H(053), H(068), H(077), H(078), H(082), H(091), H(100), H(103), H(104), H(108), H(113), H(124), H(126), H(170), H(178), H(195)
Recipes : H(001) conjunctivitis, H(001) cataracts, H(001) trachoma, decoction du mistletoe with leaves of Ximenia americana, decoction, RNS.
H(001) conjunctivitis, H(001) cataracts, decoction stems with leaves of Ximenia american, eyes instillation
H(004) wounds, H(124) haemostatic, local application of fresh leaves of Ximenia americana
H(004) wounds, H(170) common dropsi, H(195) hydropisy, H(051x) yellow fever, H(178) maladie du cœur, H(006) + H(104) gastro-enteritis, H(113) myalgia, H(091) kwashiorkor, powder roots of Ximenia americana., RNS.
H(005) face oedema, boiled leaves of Maerua angolensis and of Ximenia americana, inhalations.
H(005) face oedema, powders of stems with leaves of Ximenia americana of roots and barks of Maerua angolensis, RNS.
H(006) purgative, almonds of fruits of Ximenia.
H(008) diarrhoea, decoction of leaves of Ximenia americana with karite butter (Butyrospermum paradoxum), RNS.
H(013) chancres, H(103) gingivitis, trunks barks, roots of Ximenia, to pound , RNS.
H(014) eczema, barks of roots of Ximeni., decoction, local application
H(018) sick headache, H(103) tooth ashes, H(053) ears diseases, H(053) mumps, barks, roots, stems with leaves of Ximenia., RNS.
H(037) tuberculosis, stems with leaves of Ximenia., to boil, fumigation
H(053) ears diseases, powder of the superficial part of trunks barks of Ximenia., maceration, RNS.
H(053) otitis, ears conduct, H(018) sick headache,H(013) abscess, boiled leaves with lemon juice, VO.
H(068) onchocerciasis, H(113) lameness, decoction stems with leaves of Ximenia., fumigations, bath
H(077) anti-vomitive, boiled seeds of Ximenia. , VO.
H(082) asthma, H(078) liver cancer, H(078) abdominale tumour, soft pounded leaves of Ximenie., RNS.
H(100) syphilis,H(013) chancres, powder of stems with leaves of roots of Ximenia americana of Guiera senegalensis, application on the forehead
H(103) caries,H(013) tooth abscess, decoction stems with leaves of Ximenia., fumigations, mouth bath
H(108) colds, leaves, stems with leaves of Ximenia, RNS.
H(126) liver cirrhosis, powder trunks barks of Ximenia. + caustic soda, RNS.
Region : West Africa
Country : Mali
Vernacular name : ntonké (Bambara), tonkè, ndogè, sene (Malinke), gban, kagban, maa (Minyanka), man, maa (Senoufo), coconyawe (Bwa), sinkè (Bobo-fing), tiaburli (Peuhl)
Ziziphus mauritiana Lam.
Official name : Ziziphus mauritiana Lam.
Family : Rhamnaceae
Synonyms : Ziziphus jujuba Lam.
Symptoms : H(001), H(004), H(008), H(013), H(053), H(068), H(095), H(104)
Recipes : H(001) spek in the eye, powders of roots of Ziziphus mauritiana, RNS.
H(001) eyes diseases, H(001) spek in the eyes, roots of Ziziphus, to crush, to press, eyes instillation (?)
H(001) eyes diseases, mistletoe with leaves en decoction, eyes instilations
H(004) wounds, leaves of Ziziphus, couper, to chew, local application
H(008) diarrhoea, persistantes, decoction of stems with leaves of Bauhinia rufescens of roots of Ziziphus mauritiana, VO.
H(008) diarrhoea, H(068) tenia, H(100) veneral diseases, roots decoction of Ziziphus., VO.
H(008) diarrhoea, fresh leaves of Ziziphus., RNS.
H(013) abscess, H(003) swellings, powder of leaves of Ziziphus., local application
H(053) ears diseases, fruit juice of Ziziphus., ears instillation
H(100) blennorrage, pounded roots of Phyllanthus reticulatus of Ziziphus mauritiana, RNS.
H(104) belly pains, roots of Ziziphus to boil with with beans, VO.
H(104) belly pains, H(008) + H(104) intestinal pains, trunks barks of Ziziphus mauritiana of Lannea acida, decoction, VO.
H(104) belly rumblings, trunks barks of Ziziphus., maceration, VO.
H(156) whooping-cough, stems with leaves of Ziziphus, decoction, VO.
H(095) food, fruits
Region : West Africa
Country : Mali
Vernacular name : ntomolon, ndomonon (Bambara), tomboron (Malinke), ndomonon, sahnama sisere (Minyanka), ndomon, ntomon (Senoufo), tobo, tombwo (Bwa), tombo sinaa (Bobo-fing), sengendè (Dogon), jabi (Peuhl)