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Reference : HM 40

Author(s) : Mainen J. Moshi, Donald F. Otieno, Pamela K. Mbabazi, Anke Weisheit
Title : The Ethnomedicine of the Haya people of Bugabo ward, Kagera Region, north western Tanzania Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine , 5:24 (2009) doi:10.1186/1746-4269-5-24 http://www.ethnobiomed.com/content/5/1/24
Reference HM 40 has information about 113 plants :
Abrus precatorius L.
Official name : Abrus precatorius L.
Family : Fabaceae
Symptoms : H(037)
Recipes : H(037) coughs, leaves of Abrus precatorius are pounded together with ginger to make a thick paste which is squeezed and the exuding liquid given to children
H(037) coughs, the bark of Dovyalis abyssinica is boiled in water together with the leaves of Abrus precatorius and the decoction administered orally
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania (Kagera Region, Bugabo ward)
Vernacular name : kaligaligo
Acanthus pubescens (Thomson ex Oliv.) Engl.
Official name : Acanthus pubescens (Thomson ex Oliv.) Engl.
Family : Acanthaceae
Synonyms : Acanthus arboreus C.B.Clarke
Symptoms : V(002)
Recipes : Vb(002) galactagogue, Vb(051) paludism, the roots are cut into small pieces and boiled with water, VO.
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania (Kagera Region, Bugabo ward)
Vernacular name : amatoju
Acanthus pubescens (Thomson ex Oliv.) Engl.
Official name : Acanthus pubescens (Thomson ex Oliv.) Engl.
Family : Acanthaceae
Synonyms : Acanthus arboreus C.B.Clarke
Symptoms : H(002), H(027), H(051), H(100)
Recipes : H(002) galactagogue, H(051) paludism, the roots of Acanthus pubescens are cut into small pieces and boiled with water or broth/meat.
H(027) prevent miscarriage, decoction made with aerial parts of Crassocephalum vitellinum mixed with the roots of Alchornea cordiflia, Sapium ellipticum, Acanthus pubescens and Emilia javanica is used to prevent miscarriage
H(051) paludism and H(157) febrile convulsions, leaves of Alchornea cordifolia, Sapium ellipticum, Kigelia africana, Zehneria scabra, Acanthus pubescens, Emilia javanica and Oxygonum sinuatum, are boiled and the decoction taken daily
H(100) gonorrhea, H(100) syphilis, the roots of Acanthus pubescens are cut into small pieces, 2 bowls are taken per day
H(100) gonnorhea, H(100) syphilis, the roots of Trichilia emetica of Alchonea cordifolia, Sapium ellipticum, Zenheria scabra, Acanthus pubescens, Emilia javanica and Oxygonum sinuatum are boiled and the decoction drunk.
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania (Kagera Region, Bugabo ward)
Vernacular name : amatoju
Adhatoda engleriana (Lindau) C.B. Clarke
Official name : Adhatoda engleriana (Lindau) C.B. Clarke
Family : Acanthaceae
Synonyms : Justicia engleriana Lindau.
Symptoms : H(037), H(161)
Recipes : H(037) coughs, the leaves are put on fire to allow partial burning and then squeezed and 1 tablespoonful of the liquid obtained is given to children to treatH(037) coughs.
H(161) warts dry root powder is taken orally for treatment of warts
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania (Kagera Region, Bugabo ward)
Vernacular name : ekishenda
Ageratum conyzoides L.
Official name : Ageratum conyzoides L.
Family : Asteraceae
Symptoms : H(006), H(037), H(078), H(104)
Recipes : H(006) constipation, H(033) difficulties to conceive for women,H(037) coughs, H(078) fibroids, H(104) peptic ulcers, roots of Ageratum conyzoides are chewed fresh as an anti-acid and antiseptic. Leaves are boiled and decoction taken as tea
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania (Kagera Region, Bugabo ward)
Vernacular name : mwigara, omwigara, katabataba
Alchornea cordifolia (Schum. & Thonn.) Müll. Arg.
Official name : Alchornea cordifolia (Schum. & Thonn.) Müll. Arg.
Family : Euphorbiaceae
Synonyms : Alchornea cordata Benth.
Symptoms : H(027), H(051), H(100), H(100), H(157)
Recipes : H(027) to prevent miscarriage, a decoction made with aerial parts of Crassocephalum vitellinum mixed with the roots of Alchornea cordiflia, Sapium ellipticum, Acanthus pubescens and Emilia javanica is used to prevent miscarriage
H(027) miscarriages in women, H(100) syphilis, the leaves of Sesbania macrantha can also be mixed with those of Zehneria scabra, and the roots of Sapium ellipticum and Alchornea cordifolia, boiled and the decoction taken orally
H(051) paludism and H(157) febrile convulsions, leaves of Alchornea cordifolia Sapium ellipticum, Kigelia africana, Zehneria scabra, Acanthus pubescens, Emilia javanica and Oxygonum sinuatum, are boiled and the decoction taken daily
H(051) paludism, a decoction is made from boiling the leaves of Zehneria scabra combined with the roots of Trichilia emetica, Alchornea cordifolia and Sapium ellipticum, of which one cup is administered three times a day for up to 7 days
H(100) gonnorhea, H(100) syphilis, the roots of Trichilia emetica of Alchonea cordifolia, Sapium ellipticum, Zenheria scabra, Acanthus pubescens, Emilia javanica and Oxygonum sinuatum are boiled and the decoction drunk.
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania (Kagera Region, Bugabo ward)
Vernacular name : mjururuzi, omujururuzi
Allophylus chaunostachys Gilg
Official name : Allophylus chaunostachys Gilg
Family : Sapindaceae
Symptoms : H(003), H(108), H(201)
Recipes : H(003) swelling of legs, H(108) colds, H(201) warding off spirits, the leaves of Allophylus chaunostachys are boiled and the decoction drunk as a cold remedy and to treat swollen legs. Bathing with an infusion of the leaves is believed to ward off bad spirits
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania (Kagera Region)
Vernacular name : orutete, akatete
Anthocleista grandiflora Gilg
Official name : Anthocleista grandiflora Gilg
Family : Gentianaceae
Symptoms : H(051)
Recipes : H(051) paludism, the dried stem bark of Anthocleista grandiflora is boiled and a cup of the decoction taken three times a day for 5-7 days depending on severity
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania (Kagera Region, Bugabo ward)
Vernacular name : mgabaigana
Antiaris toxicaria Lesch.
Official name : Antiaris toxicaria Lesch.
Family : Moraceae
Symptoms : H(201)
Recipes : H(201) superstitious purposes, the whole plant of Antiaris toxicaria is used as a charm
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania (Kagera Region)
Vernacular name : omujuju
Aspilia mossambicensis (Oliv.) Wild
Official name : Aspilia mossambicensis (Oliv.) Wild
Family : Asteraceae
Synonyms : Aspilia chrysops S. Moore , Aspilia holstii O.Hoffm
Symptoms : H(051), H(091), H(171)
Recipes : H(051) paludism, H(091) tonic, H(171) hypoglycaemic, aerial parts of Aspilia mossambiscensis are mixed with those of Centella asiatica, boiled and the decoction used for the treatment of paludism
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania (Kagera Region, Bugabo ward)
Vernacular name : eshurwa
Asystasia gangetica (L.) T. Anders.
Official name : Asystasia gangetica (L.) T. Anders.
Family : Acanthaceae
Symptoms : H(075)
Recipes : H(075) appetite booster, leaves of Asystasia gangetica are pounded then squeezed and the juices given to patients to improve their appetite.
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania (Kagera Region, Bugabo ward)
Vernacular name : ekiingura, kinyegezi
Asystasia gangetica (L.) T. Anders.
Official name : Asystasia gangetica (L.) T. Anders.
Family : Acanthaceae
Symptoms : V(075)
Recipes : Vb(075) appetite booster, leaves of Asystasia gangetica are pounded then squeezed and the juices given to improve their appetite and make them grow well
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania (Kagera Region, Bugabo ward)
Vernacular name : ekiingura, kinyegezi
Bersama abyssinica Fres.
Official name : Bersama abyssinica Fres.
Family : Melianthaceae
Synonyms : Bersama abyssinica subsp. engleriana (Gürke) F.White
Symptoms : H(068), H(166)
Recipes : H(068) parasitic worm infestation, H(166) body spasms, a decoction is made by boiling the roots and stem bark of Bersama abyssinica
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania (Kagera Region, Bugabo ward)
Vernacular name : muhinguza, omuh inguza
Bidens biternata (Lour.) Merr. & Sherff
Official name : Bidens biternata (Lour.) Merr. & Sherff
Family : Asteraceae
Symptoms : H(051), H(051x)
Recipes : H(051) paludism, H(051x) yellow fever, the leaves of Bidens biternata are boiled with water and the decoction drunk
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania (Kagera Region)
Vernacular name : rwongwe, ongwe, akakurura, kakurura, obukurura
Bidens pilosa L.
Official name : Bidens pilosa L.
Family : Asteraceae
Symptoms : H(004), H(008), H(152), H(161)
Recipes : H(004) wounds, Bidens pillosa are with the leaves of Solanum nigrum can be baked under fire and then used for wound dressing
H(004) wounds, H(161) warts, the leaves Bidens pillosa with the leaves of Solanum nigrum are boiled and decoction drunk until warts disappear
H(008) dysentery, H(008) mucoid diarrhea, the stem bark of Markhamia zanzibarica, mixed with Bidens pilosa , Psidium guajava , Harungana madagascariensis, and the rusty yellow part of banana leaves and then boiled and decoction taken
H(152) low haemoglobin level, the stem bark of Macaranga monandra is boiled to make a decoction in combination with the leaves of Bidens pilosa and green coffee beans
H(161) warts, the aerial parts of Euphorbia hirta, Solanum nigrum, Bidens pilosa, and Oxygonum sinuatum and boiled. The decoction is then orally administered daily for the treatment of warts.
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania (Kagera Region, Bugabo ward)
Vernacular name : akakurura, kakurura, obukurura
Bidens schimperi Sch.Bip. ex Walp.
Official name : Bidens schimperi Sch.Bip. ex Walp.
Family : Asteraceae
Symptoms : H(051x)
Recipes : H(051x) yellow fever, the leaves of Bidens schimperi are pounded, cold extracted and extractive administered orally three times a day until recovery
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania (Kagera Region)
Vernacular name : orwangwa
Bridelia micrantha (Hochst.) Baillon
Official name : Bridelia micrantha (Hochst.) Baillon
Family : Phyllanthaceae
Symptoms : H(001)
Recipes : H(001) eye problems, the roots of Clerodendrum cephalanthus Oliv. var. cephalanthum of Bridelia micrantha are boiled in water and the ensuing steam directed into the eyes through a narrow aperture
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania (Kagera Region, Bugabo ward)
Vernacular name : not communicated by the authors
Bryophyllum pinnatum (Lam.) Kurz
Official name : Bryophyllum pinnatum (Lam.) Kurz
Family : Crassulaceae
Synonyms : Kalanchoe pinnata (Lam.) Pers.
Symptoms : H(037), H(108)
Recipes : H(037) coughs, H(108) colds, flu and in both children and adults, the succulent leaves are wrapped in banana leaves and baked under fire. The baked leaves are then squeezed and the exuding juice administered to patients orally
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania (Kagera Region, Bugabo ward)
Vernacular name : kikugwa, chikugwa
Canarium schweinfurthii Engl.
Official name : Canarium schweinfurthii Engl.
Family : Burseraceae
Symptoms : H(051), H(100)
Recipes : H(051) paludism, H(100) syphilis, the bark of Canarium schweinfurthii is ground into powder and boiled and decoction drunk
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania (Kagera Region)
Vernacular name : muubani wakiume, omubafu
Capsicum annuum L.
Official name : Capsicum annuum L.
Family : Solanaceae
Synonyms : Capsicum frutescens L.
Symptoms : H(033), H(098)
Recipes : H(033) impotence, H(098) insomnia, the leaves of Capsicum frutescens are boiled and the decoction used to treat insomnia while a decoction of boiled fruits is used as treatment for impotence
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania (Kagera Region, Bugabo ward)
Vernacular name : karumali
Cassia mimosoides L.
Official name : Cassia mimosoides L.
Family : Fabaceae
Synonyms : Chamaecrista mimosoides (L.) Greene
Symptoms : H(012), H(027z), H(074)
Recipes : H(012) fracture, H(027z) cleaning of the uterus by pregnant women, H(074) antibacterial, aerial parts of Cassia mimosoides are pounded and mixed with animal fat and applied topically or can be taken orally.
H(012)) fracture , aerial parts of Cassia mimosoides are also pounded with the leaves of Cassia polytricha (Fabaceae) and the paste tied around a fracture to promote healing
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania (Kagera Region, Bugabo ward)
Vernacular name : bushenganziru, akanwe akake
Cassia polytricha Brenan
Official name : Cassia polytricha Brenan
Family : Fabaceae
Symptoms : H(012)
Recipes : H(012) fracture, aerial parts of Cassia mimosoides are also pounded with the leaves of Cassia polytricha and the paste tied around a fracture to promote healing
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania (Kagera Region)
Vernacular name : not communicated by the authors
Centella asiatica (L.) Urb.
Official name : Centella asiatica (L.) Urb.
Family : Apiaceae
Symptoms : H(018), H(051)
Recipes : H(018) headache, H(051) paludism and H(051) recurrent fever, aerial parts of Centella asiatica mixed with a local brew and patient given a bowl or cup to drink to treat paludism and recurrent fever. For headaches, the leaves are rubbed on the forehead
H(051) paludism, aerial parts of Aspilia mossambiscensis are mixed with those of Centella asiatica, boiled and the decoction used for the treatment of paludism
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania (Kagera Region, Bugabo ward)
Vernacular name : mbatama, kutikwimo
Chassalia umbraticola Vatke
Official name : Chassalia umbraticola Vatke
Family : Rubiaceae
Symptoms : H(201)
Recipes : H(201) mental illness, the leaves of Chassalia umbraticola, Euphorbia tirucali and Ocimum suave are boiled and the decoction given to patient in the morning to drink
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania (Kagera Region)
Vernacular name : mwataibale, mwat abazimu, kivumbasi
Clausena anisata (Willd.) Hook. f. ex Benth.
Official name : Clausena anisata (Willd.) Hook. f. ex Benth.
Family : Rutaceae
Symptoms : H(099), H(151)
Recipes : H(099) epilepsy, H(151) high blood pressure, the roots of Clausena anisata are boiled in water and the decoction administered three times daily
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania (Kagera Region, Bugabo ward)
Vernacular name : kata teramunyanya
Clerodendrum buchananii var. fallax (Lindl.) Moldenke
Official name : Clerodendrum buchananii var. fallax (Lindl.) Moldenke
Family : Labiatae
Symptoms : H(139)
Recipes : H(139) low libido, roots and leaves of Desmodium ramosissimum are boiled with those of Tragia furialis and Clerodendrum buchanannii in water and one glass of the decoction administered daily to increase libido
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania (Kagera Region)
Vernacular name : not communicated by the authors
Clerodendrum cephalanthus Oliv. var. cephalanthum
Official name : Clerodendrum cephalanthus Oliv. var. cephalanthum
Family : Labiatae
Symptoms : H(001)
Recipes : H(001) eye problems, the roots of Clerodendrum cephalanthus Oliv. var. cephalanthum of Bridelia micrantha are boiled in water and the ensuing steam directed into the eyes through a narrow aperture
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania (Kagera Region)
Vernacular name : maiko
Clerodendrum myricoides (Hochst.) R. Br. ex Vatke
Official name : Clerodendrum myricoides (Hochst.) R. Br. ex Vatke
Family : Labiatae
Symptoms : H(051), H(104), H(157)
Recipes : H(051) paludism and H(157) febrile convulsions, H(104) abdominal colics, the stem bark or roots of Clerodendrum myricoides are boiled in water and half a teaspoonful of the decoction is administered orally
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania (Kagera Region, Bugabo ward)
Vernacular name : omurajio
Combretum collinum Fresen.
Official name : Combretum collinum Fresen.
Family : Combretaceae
Synonyms : Combretum hypopilinum Diels
Symptoms : H(051x), H(152)
Recipes : H(051x) yellow fever, H(152) low levels of haemoglobin, leaves of Trema orientalis of Combretum collinum and Erythrina abbyssinica are pounded and boiled and the decoction used to treat yellow fever. An infusion from the leaf is used as a haematinic
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania (Kagera Region, Bugabo ward)
Vernacular name : not communicated by the authors
Crassocephalum mannii (Hook.f.) Milne-Redh.
Official name : Crassocephalum mannii (Hook.f.) Milne-Redh.
Family : Asteraceae
Synonyms : Crassocephalum multicorymbosum (Klatt) S. Moore , Solanecio mannii (Hook. f.) C. Jeffrey
Symptoms : H(051), H(157), H(178)
Recipes : H(051) paludism, H(157) febrile convulsions in children, H(178) heart problems, aerial parts are pounded and boiled in water and the decoction administered orally. It is also applied topically e.g. by bathing in it.
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania (Kagera Region, Bugabo ward)
Vernacular name : akagango-akake
Crassocephalum vitellinum (Benth.) S. Moore
Official name : Crassocephalum vitellinum (Benth.) S. Moore
Family : Asteraceae
Synonyms : Gynura vitellina Benth.
Symptoms : H(027), H(104)
Recipes : H(027) prevent miscarriage, H(104) peptic ulcers, the aerial parts of Crassocephalum vitellinum are boiled and the decoction is taken regularly as a treatment for peptic ulcers. A decoction made with aerial parts of Crassocephalum vitellinum mixed with the roots of Alchornea cordiflia, Sapium ellipticum, Acanthus pubescens and Emilia javanica is used to prevent miscarriage
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania (Kagera Region, Bugabo ward)
Vernacular name : ekishenda
Dalbergia nitidula Bak.
Official name : Dalbergia nitidula Bak.
Family : Fabaceae
Synonyms : Dalbergia dekindtiana Harms
Symptoms : H(051), H(157)
Recipes : H(051) paludism and H(157) febrile convulsions a decoction of the roots of Vernonia amygdalina is mixed with the stem bark of Sapium ellipticum ,and the leaves of Dalbergia nitidula, Desmodium salicifolium and Eriosema psoraleoides and drunk
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania (Kagera Region, Bugabo ward)
Vernacular name : not communicated by the authors
Desmodium ramosissimum G. Don
Official name : Desmodium ramosissimum G. Don
Family : Fabaceae
Symptoms : H(033)
Recipes : H(033) impotence, H(139) boost libido, the leaves of Tragia furialis are mixed with the roots of Elaeodendron buchananii , Vernonia brachycalyx and Desmodium ramosissimum and boiled in water. One glass of the decoction is then administered daily until effect can be observed
H(139) low libido, roots and leaves of Desmodium ramosissimum are boiled with those of Tragia furialis and Clerodendrum buchanannii in water and one glass of the decoction administered daily to increase libido
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania (Kagera Region)
Vernacular name : not communicated by the authors
Desmodium salicifolium (Poir.) DC.
Official name : Desmodium salicifolium (Poir.) DC.
Family : Fabaceae
Symptoms : H(051), H(157)
Recipes : H(051) paludism and H(157) febrile convulsions a decoction of the roots of Vernonia amygdalina is mixed with the stem bark of Sapium ellipticum ,and the leaves of Dalbergia nitidula, Desmodium salicifolium and Eriosema psoraleoides and drunk
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania (Kagera Region)
Vernacular name : not communicated by the authors
Dissotis brazzae Cogn.
Official name : Dissotis brazzae Cogn.
Family : Melastomataceae
Symptoms : H(051), H(100)
Recipes : H(051) paludism, H(100) syphilis, the aerial parts of Dissotis brazzae of Solanum nigrum, boiled and the decoction administered orally
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania (Kagera Region, Bugabo ward)
Vernacular name : katuntunu
Dissotis rotundifolia (Sm.) Triana
Official name : Dissotis rotundifolia (Sm.) Triana
Family : Melastomataceae
Symptoms : H(036), H(051)
Recipes : H(036) giddiness, H(051) paludism, H(189) alcoholism, the leaves of Dissotis rotundifolia are boiled with water and the decoction administered orally or the leaves are squeezed and the juice expressed is taken with beer / alcoholic drinks to help control alcohol dependency
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania (Kagera Region)
Vernacular name : obweee, obweheee, marwa
Dovyalis abyssinica (A. Rich.) Warb
Official name : Dovyalis abyssinica (A. Rich.) Warb
Family : Flacourtiaceae
Symptoms : H(037)
Recipes : H(037) coughs, the bark of Dovyalis abyssinica is boiled in water together with the leaves of Abrus precatorius and the decoction administered orally
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania (Kagera Region, Bugabo ward)
Vernacular name : omuyebe
Dracaena fragrans (L.) Ker Gawl.
Official name : Dracaena fragrans (L.) Ker Gawl.
Family : Dracaenaceae
Symptoms : H(051), H(189)
Recipes : H(051) paludism, H(189) alcoholism, the flowers of Erythrina abysinica are mixed with those of Dracaena fragrans dried and then ground into a powder which is then put into the brew or alcoholic drink being taken by the patient without his / her knowledge
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania (Kagera Region)
Vernacular name : not communicated by the authors
Dracaena steudneri Engl.
Official name : Dracaena steudneri Engl.
Family : Dracaenaceae
Synonyms : Dracaena papahu Engl.
Symptoms : H(051), H(171)
Recipes : H(051) paludism, H(171) diabetes, the leaves of Vangueria infausta are boiled in water together with leaves or stem bark of Dracaena steudneri and the decoction drunk
H(171) diabetes, a decoction is made using the leaves of Vangueria apiculata of Dracaena steudneri, VO.
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania (Kagera Region, Bugabo ward)
Vernacular name : not communicated by the authors
Elaeodendron buchananii (Loes.) Loes.
Official name : Elaeodendron buchananii (Loes.) Loes.
Family : Sapotaceae
Synonyms : Cassine buchananii Loes.
Symptoms : H(033), H(139)
Recipes : H(033) impotence, H(139) boost libido, the leaves of Tragia furialis are mixed with the roots of Elaeodendron buchananii , Vernonia brachycalyx and Desmodium ramosissimum and boiled in water. One glass of the decoction is then administered daily until effect can be observed
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania (Kagera Region, Bugabo ward)
Vernacular name : not communicated by the authors
Emilia coccinea (Sims) G.Don
Official name : Emilia coccinea (Sims) G.Don
Family : Asteraceae
Synonyms : Emilia javanica auct.(missapl. Name)
Symptoms : H(027), H(051), H(100), H(157)
Recipes : H(027) to prevent miscarriage, decoction made with aerial parts of Crassocephalum vitellinum mixed with the roots of Alchornea cordiflia, Sapium ellipticum, Acanthus pubescens and Emilia javanica
H(051) paludism and H(157) febrile convulsions, leaves of Alchornea cordifolia, Sapium ellipticum, Kigelia africana, Zehneria scabra, Acanthus pubescens, Emilia javanica and Oxygonum sinuatum, are boiled and the decoction taken daily
H(100) gonnorhea, H(100) syphilis, the roots of Trichilia emetica of Alchonea cordifolia, Sapium ellipticum, Zenheria scabra, Acanthus pubescens, Emilia javanica and Oxygonum sinuatum are boiled and the decoction drunk.
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania (Kagera Region)
Vernacular name : not communicated by the authors
Entada abyssinica Steud. ex A. Rich.
Official name : Entada abyssinica Steud. ex A. Rich.
Family : Fabaceae
Symptoms : H(104)
Recipes : H(104) swollen stomach (ascites ?), stem bark of Entada abyssinica boiled with water and decoction taken orally
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania (Kagera Region, Bugabo ward)
Vernacular name : mwiganjula
Eriosema psoraleoides (Lam.) G. Don
Official name : Eriosema psoraleoides (Lam.) G. Don
Family : Fabaceae
Synonyms : Eriosema cajanoides (Guill. et Perr.) Hook. f.
Symptoms : H(051), H(157)
Recipes : H(051) paludism and H(157) febrile convulsions a decoction of the roots of Vernonia amygdalina is mixed with the stem bark of Sapium ellipticum ,and the leaves of Dalbergia nitidula, Desmodium salicifolium and Eriosema psoraleoides and drunk
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania (Kagera Region, Bugabo ward)
Vernacular name : not communicated by the authors
Erythrina abyssinica Lam. ex DC.
Official name : Erythrina abyssinica Lam. ex DC.
Family : Fabaceae
Symptoms : H(051), H(051x), H(055), H(189)
Recipes : H(051) paludism, H(189) alcoholism, the flowers of Erythrina abysinica are mixed with those of Dracaena fragrans dried and then ground into a powder which is then put into the brew or alcoholic drink being taken by the patient without his / her knowledge
H(051) paludism, the stem bark of Erythrina abysinica is boiled with water and the decoction, VO.
H(051x) yellow fever, low levels of haemoglobin, leaves of Trema orientalis of Combretum collinum and Erythrina abbyssinica are pounded and boiled and the decoction used to treat yellow fever.
H(055), infusion from the leaf is used as a haematinic, VO.
H(051x) yellow fever, the stem bark of Markhamia zanzibarica, Mangifera indica, Maesopsis eminii and Erythrina abysinica then boiled and a half a glass of the decoction administered daily for the treatment of yellow fever
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania (Kagera Region, Bugabo ward)
Vernacular name : omulinzi
Eugenia capensis (Eckl. & Zeyh.) Harv.
Official name : Eugenia capensis (Eckl. & Zeyh.) Harv.
Family : Myrtaceae
Symptoms : H(027z)
Recipes : H(027z) removal of excessive water from the uterus of pregnant women (hydrofoetalis), the leaves of Eugenia capensis, Vernonia bradycalyx and Strombosia scheffleri are boiled with leaves and the decoction is drunk
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania (Kagera Region)
Vernacular name : omtukuza
Euphorbia hirta L.
Official name : Euphorbia hirta L.
Family : Euphorbiaceae
Synonyms : Euphorbia pilulifera var. procumbens Boiss. , Euphorbia hirta var. procumbens Br. , Chamaesyce hirta (L.) Millsp.
Symptoms : H(001), H(002), H(161)
Recipes : H(001) cataract (local application), the milky exudates of Euphorbia hirta are applied topically to the eyes to remove cataracts.
H(002) galactagogue, a decoction of aerial parts alone is used by mothers to enhance lactation
H(161) warts, the aerial parts of Euphorbia hirta, Solanum nigrum, Bidens pilosa, and Oxygonum sinuatum and boiled. The decoction is then orally administered daily for the treatment of warts.
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania (Kagera Region, Bugabo ward)
Vernacular name : omushesha, kahy aburimbe
Euphorbia tirucalli L.
Official name : Euphorbia tirucalli L.
Family : Euphorbiaceae
Synonyms : Euphorbia laro Drake
Symptoms : H(002), H(013), H(201)
Recipes : H(002) galactagogue,H(013) skin disease, the aerial parts are pounded or boiled with water then applied topically (for abscess) or taken orally as a galactagogue.
H(201) mental illness, the leaves of Chassalia umbraticola, Euphorbia tirucali and Ocimum suave are boiled and the decoction given to patient in the morning to drink
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania (Kagera Region, Bugabo ward)
Vernacular name : ikonora
Ficus asperifolia Miq.
Official name : Ficus asperifolia Miq.
Family : Moraceae
Symptoms : H(013), H(057)
Recipes : H(013) + H(057) throat ulcers, leaves of Ficus asperifolia are boiled and the decoction drunk
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania (Kagera Region)
Vernacular name : ekijuhuju, omuku ruguta
Ficus exasperata Vahl
Official name : Ficus exasperata Vahl
Family : Moraceae
Symptoms : H(013), H(057), H(161)
Recipes : H(161) warts,H(013) + H(057) throat conditions, the stem sap of Ficus exasperata is applied locally to treat warts while the leaves are boiled and decoction taken for throat conditions
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania (Kagera Region, Bugabo ward)
Vernacular name : msomolo
Ficus thonningii Blume
Official name : Ficus thonningii Blume
Family : Moraceae
Synonyms : Ficus iteophylla Miq. , Ficus burkei (Miq.) Miq.
Symptoms : H(014)
Recipes : H(014) swollen painful feet (athlete foot rot), the leaves of Ficus thonningii are pounded, soaked in water and the infusion used for washing feet
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania (Kagera Region, Bugabo ward)
Vernacular name : mugwa, mugwi
Fimbristylis hispidula (Vahl) Kunth
Official name : Fimbristylis hispidula (Vahl) Kunth
Family : Cyperaceae
Symptoms : H(012)
Recipes : H(012) fractures, the leaves of Fimbristylis hispidula are pounded and soaked in water and as much as possible of the infusion taken
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania (Kagera Region)
Vernacular name : ndeju
Garcinia buchananii Baker
Official name : Garcinia buchananii Baker
Family : Clusiaceae
Symptoms : H(008), H(033), H(051)
Recipes : H(008) dysentery, H(100) venereal diseases, H(199) HIV/AIDS, the decoction of the roots or stem bark is also used as treatment for venereal diseases
H(051) paludism, the stem bark or roots of Garcinia buchananii are boiled with a small amount of water and concentrated to half volume or mixed with roots of Tragia furialis for the treatment of paludism
H(033) impotence, H(139) boost libido, the leaves of Tragia furialis are mixed with the roots of Elaeodendron buchananii , Vernonia brachycalyx and Desmodium ramosissimum and boiled in water. One glass of the decoction is then administered daily until effect can be observed
H(139) low libido, roots and leaves of Desmodium ramosissimum are boiled with those of Tragia furialis and Clerodendrum buchanannii in water and one glass of the decoction administered daily to increase libido
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania (Kagera Region, Bugabo ward)
Vernacular name : msharazi (Upupu)
Girardinia diversifolia (Link) Friis
Official name : Girardinia diversifolia (Link) Friis
Family : Urticaceae
Symptoms : H(082)
Recipes : H(082) breathing problems, the leaves of Girardinia diversifolia are pounded, squeezed and the juice administered orally
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania (Kagera Region)
Vernacular name : akajumbura akaki, akanyango
Gynura scandens O.Hoffm.
Official name : Gynura scandens O.Hoffm.
Family : Asteraceae
Symptoms : H(051), H(157)
Recipes : H(051) fever and H(157) febrile convulsions, the leaves of Gynura scandens are squeezed or pounded and then boiled with water. The decoction is given to children to drink and at the same time the juice extracted from the leaves is applied on the body using a sponge to lower high temperatures
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania (Kagera Region)
Vernacular name : ekizimya muliro
Haplocoelopsis africana F.G.Davies
Official name : Haplocoelopsis africana F.G.Davies
Family : Sapindaceae
Symptoms : H(051)
Recipes : H(051) paludism and spasms, dried stem bark of Haplocoelopsis africana is boiled with water and the decoction taken three times a day
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania (Kagera Region)
Vernacular name : mkuzanyana
Harungana madagascariensis Lam. ex Poir.
Official name : Harungana madagascariensis Lam. ex Poir.
Family : Hypericaceae
Symptoms : H(008)
Recipes : H(008) dysentery, H(008) mucoid diarrhea, the stem bark of Markhamia zanzibarica, mixed with Bidens pilosa , Psidium guajava , Harungana madagascariensis, and the rusty yellow part of banana leaves and then boiled and decoction taken
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania (Kagera Region, Bugabo ward)
Vernacular name : not communicated by the authors
Hibiscus cannabinus L.
Official name : Hibiscus cannabinus L.
Family : Malvaceae
Symptoms : H(004), H(027z)
Recipes : H(004) wounds, H(027z) cleansing uterus, the leaves of Hibiscus cannabinus are pounded and used for wound dressing. They are also boiled with water and the decoction is taken orally presumably to treat intrauterine infections
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania (Kagera Region, Bugabo ward)
Vernacular name : kakungiri, lukingiri
Hibiscus fuscus Garcke
Official name : Hibiscus fuscus Garcke
Family : Malvaceae
Symptoms : H(130)
Recipes : H(130) polio, the leaves of Hibiscus fuscus are pounded then mixed with fat (Ghee) and massaged on the affected area
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania (Kagera Region, Bugabo ward)
Vernacular name : omusinga
Hugonia castaneifolia Engl.
Official name : Hugonia castaneifolia Engl.
Family : Linaceae
Symptoms : H(027v)
Recipes : H(027v) to improve health of fetus, the aerial parts of Hugonia castaneifolia are cut into small pieces and boiled when fresh with water. The decoction is administered to pregnant women regularly
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania (Kagera Region)
Vernacular name : kinyamarobo
Hymenodictyon parvifolium Oliv.
Official name : Hymenodictyon parvifolium Oliv.
Family : Rubiaceae
Symptoms : H(051), H(082)
Recipes : H(051) paludism, H(082) chest problems involving difficulty to breath in young children, the aerial parts of Hymenodictyon parvifolium are pounded and boiled then given to children to drink
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania (Kagera Region)
Vernacular name : mazi ge nkeremeka (infant stool)
Indigofera drepanocarpa Taub.
Official name : Indigofera drepanocarpa Taub.
Family : Fabaceae
Symptoms : H(004), H(051), H(091), H(100)
Recipes : H(004) wounds, H(051) paludism chronic , H(091) tonic, H(100) venereal diseases, the roots of Indigofera drepanocarpa are boiled in water and a cup of the decoction taken three times a day
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania (Kagera Region)
Vernacular name : mbabazi
Isoglossa lactea Lindau ex Engl.
Official name : Isoglossa lactea Lindau ex Engl.
Family : Acanthaceae
Symptoms : H(100), H(202)
Recipes : H(100) syphilis and other conditions, H(202), discolouration of the skin (loss of melanin), the leaves of Isoglossa lactea are boiled and the decoction drunk or applied topically
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania (Kagera Region)
Vernacular name : omufoka
Jasminum dichotomum Vahl
Official name : Jasminum dichotomum Vahl
Family : Oleaceae
Symptoms : H(051)
Recipes : H(051) paludism severe, the leaves of Jasminum dichotomum are boiled and the decoction drunk or they are dried and ground into a powder which is then licked
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania (Kagera Region, Bugabo ward)
Vernacular name : kigoyagoye
Kigelia africana (Lam.) Benth.
Official name : Kigelia africana (Lam.) Benth.
Family : Bignoniaceae
Symptoms : H(051), H(157)
Recipes : H(051) paludism and H(157) febrile convulsions, leaves of Alchornea cordifolia, Sapium ellipticum, Kigelia africana, Zehneria scabra, Acanthus pubescens, Emilia javanica and Oxygonum sinuatum, are boiled and the decoction taken daily
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania (Kagera Region, Bugabo ward)
Vernacular name : not communicated by the authors
Lantana trifolia L.
Official name : Lantana trifolia L.
Family : Verbenaceae
Symptoms : H(157)
Recipes : H(157) febrile convulsions, the leaves of Lantana trifolia are pounded, boiled with water and the decoction administered to children
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania (Kagera Region, Bugabo ward)
Vernacular name : kashekelauku
Leonotis nepetifolia (L.) R.Br.
Official name : Leonotis nepetifolia (L.) R.Br.
Family : Lamiaceae
Symptoms : H(051), H(157)
Recipes : H(051) paludism and H(157) febrile convulsions, the aerial parts of Leonotis nepetifolia are boiled in water and the decoction taken orally three times daily for up to 5 days
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania (Kagera Region, Bugabo ward)
Vernacular name : kitaterante
Ludwigia abyssinica A. Rich.
Official name : Ludwigia abyssinica A. Rich.
Family : Onagraceae
Symptoms : H(038), H(051), H(091), H(104), H(179), H(199)
Recipes : H(038) fungal infections, H(199) HIV/AIDS, the leaves of Ludwigia abyssinica are boiled and the decoction VO.
H(051) paludism, H(091) poor nutrition, H(104) peptic ulcers, H(179) kidney problems, decoction made with the leaves of Pseudospondias microparpa of Ludwigia abyssinica, Sapium ellipticum and Maytenus senegalensis
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania (Kagera Region, Bugabo ward)
Vernacular name : runyamiga, omul alankuba
Macaranga monandra Müll.Arg.
Official name : Macaranga monandra Müll.Arg.
Family : Euphorbiaceae
Symptoms : H(152)
Recipes : H(152) low haemoglobin level, the stem bark of Macaranga monandra is boiled to make a decoction in combination with the leaves of Bidens pilosa and green coffee beans
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania (Kagera Region)
Vernacular name : mshakoenyonyi, mshakwanyonyi
Maesa lanceolata Forssk.
Official name : Maesa lanceolata Forssk.
Family : Myrsinaceae
Symptoms : H(046), H(143)
Recipes : H(046) chicken pox, H(143) small pox, the leaves of Maesa lanceolatat are pounded and the extract applied topically as an antiseptic for the treatment of rashes.
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania (Kagera Region, Bugabo ward)
Vernacular name : mzilanyama, omu zilanyama
Maesopsis eminii Engl
Official name : Maesopsis eminii Engl
Family : Rhamnaceae
Symptoms : H(006), H(051x)
Recipes : H(006) constipation, the bark of Maesopsis eminii is soaked in a local brew and the infusion taken orally
H(051x) yellow fever, the stem bark of Markhamia zanzibarica, Mangifera indica, Maesopsis eminii and Erythrina abysinica then boiled and a half a glass of the decoction administered daily for the treatment of yellow fever
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania (Kagera Region)
Vernacular name : omuumura
Mangifera indica L.
Official name : Mangifera indica L.
Family : Anacardiaceae
Symptoms : H(051x)
Recipes : H(051x) yellow fever, the stem bark of Markhamia zanzibarica, Mangifera indica, Maesopsis eminii and Erythrina abysinica then boiled and a half a glass of the decoction administered daily for the treatment of yellow fever
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania (Kagera Region, Bugabo ward)
Vernacular name : not communicated by the authors
Markhamia zanzibarica (Bojer ex DC.) K.Schum.
Official name : Markhamia zanzibarica (Bojer ex DC.) K.Schum.
Family : Bignoniaceae
Synonyms : Markhamia acuminata (Klotzsch) K. Schum
Symptoms : H(008), H(051x)
Recipes : H(051x) yellow fever, the stem bark of Markhamia zanzibarica, Mangifera indica, Maesopsis eminii and Erythrina abysinica then boiled and a half a glass of the decoction administered daily for the treatment of yellow fever
H(008) dysentery, H(008) mucoid diarrhea, the stem bark of Markhamia zanzibarica, mixed with Bidens pilosa , Psidium guajava , Harungana madagascariensis, and the rusty yellow part of banana leaves and then boiled and decoction taken
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania (Kagera Region)
Vernacular name : omushambya
Maytenus senegalensis (Lam.) Exell
Official name : Maytenus senegalensis (Lam.) Exell
Family : Celastraceae
Synonyms : Gymnosporia senegalensis (Lam.) Loes.
Symptoms : H(051), H(091), H(104), H(179)
Recipes : H(051) paludism, H(091) poor nutrition, H(104) peptic ulcers, H(179) kidney problems, decoction made with the leaves of Pseudospondias microparpa of Ludwigia abyssinica, Sapium ellipticum and Maytenus senegalensis is used to treat GIT problems such as mucoid diarrhoea, peptic ulcers and chest infections
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania (Kagera Region, Bugabo ward)
Vernacular name : not communicated by the authors
Momordica foetida Schumach.
Official name : Momordica foetida Schumach.
Family : Cucurbitaceae
Synonyms : Momordica schimperiana Naud.
Symptoms : H(013), H(046)
Recipes : H(013) skin conditions, H(046) chicken pox, the aerial parts of Momordica foetida of Whitfieldia elongate are crushed together and the juice squeezed out and administered to children with chicken pox..The exudates are also applied topically to treat skin lesions resulting from chicken pox
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania (Kagera Region, Bugabo ward)
Vernacular name : orwirwa , orwikura
Ochna schweinfurthiana F.Hoffm.
Official name : Ochna schweinfurthiana F.Hoffm.
Family : Ochnaceae
Symptoms : H(013), H(037)
Recipes : H(013) skin rashes,,H(037) chest problem, extracts from the leaves are applied topically for skin rashes while for chest problems the leaves are boiled with water and the decoction taken orally
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania (Kagera Region)
Vernacular name : mkomanshanje
Ocimum gratissimum L.
Official name : Ocimum gratissimum L.
Family : Lamiaceae
Symptoms : H(004)
Recipes : H(004) wounds, one teaspoonful of dry leaf powder of Ocimum gratissimum is taken with tea or food
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania (Kagera Region, Bugabo ward)
Vernacular name : kashwagara
Ocimum suave Willd.
Official name : Ocimum suave Willd.
Family : Lamiaceae
Symptoms : H(201)
Recipes : H(201) mental illness, the leaves of Chassalia umbraticola, Euphorbia tirucali and Ocimum suave are boiled and the decoction given to patient in the morning to drink
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania (Kagera Region, Bugabo ward)
Vernacular name : not communicated by the authors
Oxyanthus speciosus DC.
Official name : Oxyanthus speciosus DC.
Family : Rubiaceae
Symptoms : H(152)
Recipes : H(152) low haemoglobin levels, tonic, dizziness, leaves of Oxyanthus speciosus are boiled and the decoction is drunk
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania (Kagera Region)
Vernacular name : mwanikibira
Oxygonum sinuatum (Meissn.) Dammer
Official name : Oxygonum sinuatum (Meissn.) Dammer
Family : Polygonaceae
Symptoms : H(004), H(051), H(104), H(157), H(161)
Recipes : H(004) wounds, H(161) warts, the leaves of Oxygonum sinuatum are burnt and the ash licked
H(051) paludism and H(157) febrile convulsions, leaves of Alchornea cordifolia, Sapium ellipticum, Kigelia africana, Zehneria scabra, Acanthus pubescens, Emilia javanica and Oxygonum sinuatum, are boiled and the decoction taken daily
H(104) peptic ulcers, the fruits of Pseudospondias microparpa are used in the treatment of peptic ulcers. They are boiled together with aerial parts and roots of Plumbago zeylanica and aerial parts of Oxygonum sinuatum. A quarter to one glass of the decoction, depending on the severity of the condition is taken twice daily.
H(161) warts, the aerial parts of Euphorbia hirta, Solanum nigrum, Bidens pilosa, and Oxygonum sinuatum and boiled. The decoction is then orally administered daily for the treatment of warts.
H(100) gonnorhea, H(100) syphilis, the roots of Trichilia emetica of Alchonea cordifolia, Sapium ellipticum, Zenheria scabra, Acanthus pubescens, Emilia javanica and Oxygonum sinuatum are boiled and the decoction drunk.
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania (Kagera Region, Bugabo ward)
Vernacular name : nyawaija, enyawaija
Pappea capensis Ecklon & Zeyher
Official name : Pappea capensis Ecklon & Zeyher
Family : Sapindaceae
Symptoms : H(109)
Recipes : H(109) backache, the leaves Vernonia brachycalyx and Pappea capensis, boiled and about 2 tablespoonfuls of the decoction given to the patient three time a day
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania (Kagera Region, Bugabo ward)
Vernacular name : not communicated by the authors
Pavetta refractifolia K. Schum.
Official name : Pavetta refractifolia K. Schum.
Family : Rubiaceae
Symptoms : H(201)
Recipes : H(201) mental confusion, a decoction is made from the roots of Pavetta refractifolia, Vernonia brachycalyx and drunk
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania (Kagera Region)
Vernacular name : mwanga
Picralima nitida (Stapf) T. Durand & H. Durand
Official name : Picralima nitida (Stapf) T. Durand & H. Durand
Family : Apocynaceae
Symptoms : H(027z), H(201)
Recipes : H(027z) maternal care during pregnancy, the stem bark of Picralima nitida is pounded and soaked in water.
H(201) the infusion can be used by a pregnant woman to purge spirits
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania (Kagera Region)
Vernacular name : mukanshe, omukanshe
Plumbago zeylanica L.
Official name : Plumbago zeylanica L.
Family : Plumbaginaceae
Symptoms : H(104)
Recipes : H(104) peptic ulcers, the fruits of Pseudospondias microparpa are used in the treatment of peptic ulcers. They are boiled together with aerial parts and roots of Plumbago zeylanica and aerial parts of Oxygonum sinuatum. A quarter to one glass of the decoction, depending on the severity of the condition is taken twice daily.
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania (Kagera Region, Bugabo ward)
Vernacular name : enkira, enkila
Portulaca sp.
Official name : Portulaca sp.
Family : Portulacaceae
Symptoms : H(050), H(104)
Recipes : H(050), H(104) blotted stomach. Used by pregnant women to reduce gas from the stomach, the aerial parts of Portulaca spp.are boiled in water and used as tea. The leaves have an almost sweet or slightly salty taste.
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania (Kagera Region, Bugabo ward)
Vernacular name : lumwaga
Pseudospondias microcarpa (A. Rich.) Engl.
Official name : Pseudospondias microcarpa (A. Rich.) Engl.
Family : Anacardiaceae
Symptoms : H(051), H(091), H(104), H(179)
Recipes : H(051) paludism, H(091) poor nutrition, H(104) peptic ulcers, H(179) kidney problems, decoction made with the leaves of Pseudospondias microparpa of Ludwigia abyssinica, Sapium ellipticum and Maytenus senegalensis is used to treat GIT problems such as mucoid diarrhoea, peptic ulcers and chest infections
H(104) peptic ulcers, the aerial parts of Plumbago zeylanicaof and Oxygonum sinuatum are boiled in water with the stem bark of Pseudospondias microcarpa and the decoction drunk
H(104) peptic ulcers, the fruits of Pseudospondias microcarpa are used in the treatment of peptic ulcers. They are boiled together with aerial parts and roots of Plumbago zeylanica and aerial parts of Oxygonum sinuatum. A quarter to one glass of the decoction, depending on the severity of the condition is taken twice daily
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania (Kagera Region)
Vernacular name : omuzilu, mziku
Psidium guajava L.
Official name : Psidium guajava L.
Family : Myrtaceae
Symptoms : H(008)
Recipes : H(008) mucoid diarrhea, H(008) dysentery, the stem bark of Markhamia zanzibarica, mixed with Bidens pilosa , Psidium guajava , Harungana madagascariensis, and the rusty yellow part of banana leaves and then boiled and decoction taken
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania (Kagera Region, Bugabo ward)
Vernacular name : not communicated by the authors
Rauvolfia vomitoria Afzel.
Official name : Rauvolfia vomitoria Afzel.
Family : Apocynaceae
Symptoms : H(051), H(104), H(127), H(199)
Recipes : H(051) paludism, H(104) abdominal colics in children, H(127) splenomegally, H(199) HIV/AIDS, for paludism the stem or root bark of Rauvolfia vomitoria is boiled with water and drunk. When the decoction is given to children it makes them feel weak and hence they should also be given milk. The stem or root bark is ground and one teaspoonful of the powder is administered with porridge or tea. It can also be mixed with honey to mask the bitter taste
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania (Kagera Region, Bugabo ward)
Vernacular name : mnyabusind, enyam asindi, kinyabusinde
Rubus rigidus Smith.
Official name : Rubus rigidus Smith.
Family : Rosaceae
Symptoms : H(100)
Recipes : H(100) syphilis, the aerial parts of Rubus rigidus are boiled in water and the decoction, drunk
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania (Kagera Region, Bugabo ward)
Vernacular name : mkelele
Rytigynia uhligii (K.Schum. & K.Krause) Verdc.
Official name : Rytigynia uhligii (K.Schum. & K.Krause) Verdc.
Family : Rubiaceae
Symptoms : H(130)
Recipes : H(130) paralysed limb, leaves of Rytigynia uhligii are pounded and then applied or massaged on affected area
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania (Kagera Region)
Vernacular name : rulokola
Sapium ellipticum (Hochst.) Pax
Official name : Sapium ellipticum (Hochst.) Pax
Family : Euphorbiaceae
Symptoms : H(027), H(051), H(068), H(091), H(100), H(104), H(157), H(179)
Recipes : H(027) miscarriages in women, H(100) syphilis, the leaves of Sesbania macrantha can also be mixed with those of Zehneria scabra, and the roots of Sapium ellipticum and Alchornea cordifolia, boiled and the decoction taken orally
H(027) to prevent miscarriages, decoction made with aerial parts of Crassocephalum vitellinum mixed with the roots of Alchornea cordiflia, Sapium ellipticum, Acanthus pubescens and Emilia javanica is used
H(051) paludism, a decoction is made by boiling the roots of Sapium ellipticum, Trichilia emetica, Alchornea cordifolia together with the leaves of Zehneria scabra. The decoction is then administered orally three times a day for up to 7 days
H(051) paludism and H(157) febrile convulsions a decoction of the roots of Vernonia amygdalina is mixed with the stem bark of Sapium ellipticum and the leaves of Dalbergia nitidula, Desmodium salicifolium and Eriosema psoraleoides and drunk
H(051) paludism and H(157) febrile convulsions, leaves of Alchornea cordifolia, Sapium ellipticum, Kigelia africana, Zehneria scabra, Acanthus pubescens, Emilia javanica and Oxygonum sinuatum, are boiled and the decoction taken daily
H(068) worms, the leaves of Teclea nobilis, Sapium ellipticum are pounded and dried into a powder, then licked
H(100) gonnorhea, H(100) syphilis, the roots of Trichilia emetica of Alchonea cordifolia, Sapium ellipticum, Zenheria scabra, Acanthus pubescens, Emilia javanica and Oxygonum sinuatum are boiled and the decoction drunk.
H(051) paludism, H(091) poor nutrition, H(104) peptic ulcers, H(179) kidney problems, a decoction made with the leaves of Pseudospondias microparpa of Ludwigia abyssinica, Sapium ellipticum and Maytenus senegalensis is used to treat GIT problems such as mucoid diarrhoea, peptic ulcers and chest infections
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania (Kagera Region)
Vernacular name : orushasha
Scleria bulbifera Hochst. ex A.Rich.
Official name : Scleria bulbifera Hochst. ex A.Rich.
Family : Cyperaceae
Symptoms : H(128x)
Recipes : H(128x) urinary obstruction (prostate?), underground rhizomes of Scleria bulbifera pounded, squeezed and the exudate drunk
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania (Kagera Region)
Vernacular name : enki
Senecio stuhlmannii Klatt
Official name : Senecio stuhlmannii Klatt
Family : Asteraceae
Symptoms : H(003), H(004), H(037), H(093)
Recipes : H(003) swellings, H(004) wounds, H(109) stiff neck, the leaves are pounded and used as an antiseptic dressing for wounds or rubbed on the neck.
H(037) coughs the leaves are baked with salt and chewed.
H(093) antidote for poisoning, the leaves and charcoal made from the stem are used as an antidote for poisoning
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania (Kagera Region, Bugabo ward)
Vernacular name : eirarire, kikarabwe, kikarabo, omugango
Sesbania macrantha Welw. ex Phillipps & Hutch.
Official name : Sesbania macrantha Welw. ex Phillipps & Hutch.
Family : Fabaceae
Symptoms : H(027), H(100)
Recipes : H(027) miscarriages in women, H(100) syphilis, the leaves of Sesbania macranthaare boiled and one cup of the decoction taken three times a day.
H(027) miscarriages in women, H(100) syphilis, the leaves of Sesbania macrantha can also be mixed with those of Zehneria scabra, and the roots of Sapium ellipticum and Alchornea cordifolia, boiled and the decoction taken orally
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania (Kagera Region, Bugabo ward)
Vernacular name : omubimba
Solanum nigrum L.
Official name : Solanum nigrum L.
Family : Solanaceae
Synonyms : Solanum judaicum Bess
Symptoms : H(004), H(051), H(068), H(100), H(151), H(161), H(162x)
Recipes : H(004) wounds, Bidens pillosa are with the leaves of Solanum nigrum can be baked under fire and then used for wound dressing
H(051) paludism, H(100) syphilis, the aerial parts of Dissotis brazzae of Solanum nigrum, boiled and the decoction administered orally
H(068) worms e.g. hookworms (safura), ring worms; H(151) warts, H(151) blood pressure, bed wetting in children, for ringworm the leaves of Solanum nigrum are pounded and applied topically. The leaves can also be pounded and baked under fire before being used for dressing a wart. To treat wetting of the bed in children, ripe fruits are given to them to eat
H(151) warts, the aerial parts of Euphorbia hirta, Solanum nigrum, Bidens pilosa, and Oxygonum sinuatum and boiled. The decoction is then orally administered daily for the treatment of warts
H(161) warts, the leaves Bidens pillosa with the leaves of Solanum nigrum are boiled and decoction drunk until warts disappear
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania (Kagera Region, Bugabo ward)
Vernacular name : shwiga, shwiga ntura, butura
Steganotaenia araliacea Hochst.
Official name : Steganotaenia araliacea Hochst.
Family : Apiaceae
Symptoms : H(013), H(199)
Recipes : H(013) herpes zosterr, H(199) HIV/AIDS, dried aerial parts of Steganotaenia araliacea are powdered and applied to the skin using animal fat as a base. Decoction made from the aerial parts is also given to HIV/AIDS patients
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania (Kagera Region, Bugabo ward)
Vernacular name : omulalankuba
Strombosia scheffleri Engl.
Official name : Strombosia scheffleri Engl.
Family : Olacaceae
Symptoms : H(008), H(027z)
Recipes : H(008) diarrhea, stem bark of Strombosia scheffleri is boiled with water and the decoction taken orally
H(027z) removal of excessive water from the uterus of pregnant women (hydrofoetalis), the leaves of Eugenia capensis, Vernonia bradycalyx and Strombosia scheffleri are boiled with leaves and the decoction is drunk
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania (Kagera Region)
Vernacular name : mmarara, omumarara
Synsepalum brevipes (Baker) T.D.Penn.
Official name : Synsepalum brevipes (Baker) T.D.Penn.
Family : Sapotaceae
Symptoms : H(051)
Recipes : H(051) paludism, the stem bark of Synsepalum brevipes is ground , decoction administered twice daily for one week
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania (Kagera Region)
Vernacular name : omukaraito, mkaraito
Synsepalum cerasiferum (Welw.) T.D.Penn.
Official name : Synsepalum cerasiferum (Welw.) T.D.Penn.
Family : Sapotaceae
Symptoms : H(038), H(051), H(100)
Recipes : H(038) urinary tract infections, H(051) paludism, H(100) venereal diseases, the stem bark of Synsepalum cerasiferum in decoction, VO.
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania (Kagera Region)
Vernacular name : omumo
Teclea nobilis Delile
Official name : Teclea nobilis Delile
Family : Rutaceae
Symptoms : H(068)
Recipes : H(068) worms, the leaves of Teclea nobilis, Sapium ellipticum are pounded and dried into a powder, then licked
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania (Kagera Region, Bugabo ward)
Vernacular name : omuzo
Tetradenia riparia (Hochst.) Codd
Official name : Tetradenia riparia (Hochst.) Codd
Family : Lamiaceae
Synonyms : Iboza riparia (Hochst.) N.E. Br.
Symptoms : H(004), H(013), H(020), H(051)
Recipes : H(004) wounds,H(013) ulcers, tonsils, H(051) paludism, H(020) insect bites, a decoction is made from the leaves of Tetradenia riparia and drunk or the leaves are pounded and used for dressing wounds
H(051) paludism, the leaves of Tetradenia riparia are boiled with water and a glass of the decoction taken three times a day
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania (Kagera Region, Bugabo ward)
Vernacular name : mkono wankhanda, kiswija, omushunshu
Thunbergia alata Bojer ex Sims
Official name : Thunbergia alata Bojer ex Sims
Family : Acanthaceae
Symptoms : H(091)
Recipes : H(091) the whole plant of Thunbergia alata is boiled and the decoction given to pregnant women as a drink to provide energy
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania (Kagera Region, Bugabo ward)
Vernacular name : wankura
Tragia furialis Bojer
Official name : Tragia furialis Bojer
Family : Euphorbiaceae
Symptoms : H(033), H(051), H(139)
Recipes : H(051) paludism, the stem bark or roots of Garcinia buchananii are boiled with a small amount of water and concentrated to half volume or mixed with roots of Tragia furialis for the treatment of paludism
H(033) impotence, H(139) boost libido, the leaves of Tragia furialis are mixed with the roots of Elaeodendron buchananii , Vernonia brachycalyx and Desmodium ramosissimum and boiled in water. One glass of the decoction is then administered daily until effect can be observed
H(139) low libido, roots and leaves of Desmodium ramosissimum are boiled with those of Tragia furialis and Clerodendrum buchanannii in water and one glass of the decoction administered daily to increase libido
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania (Kagera Region, Bugabo ward)
Vernacular name : engenyi (Upupu)
Trema orientalis (L.) Blume
Official name : Trema orientalis (L.) Blume
Family : Ulmaceae
Synonyms : Sponia orientalis var. affinis (Planch.) Baker , Trema guineensis (Schum. & Thonn. ) Ficalho
Symptoms : H(051x), H(152)
Recipes : H(051x) yellow fever, H(152) low levels of haemoglobin, leaves of Trema orientalis of Combretum collinum and Erythrina abbyssinica are pounded and boiled and the decoction used to treat yellow fever. An infusion from the leaf is used as a haematinic
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania (Kagera Region, Bugabo ward)
Vernacular name : omuwuwe, omuuwe
Tricalysia coriacea (Benth.) Hiern
Official name : Tricalysia coriacea (Benth.) Hiern
Family : Rubiaceae
Symptoms : H(051x), H(124)
Recipes : H(013) skin disease, H(051) paludim, H(051x) yellow fever (jaundice), H(124) epistaxis, leaves / roots of Tricalysia coriacea are boiled and decoction drunk
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania (Kagera Region)
Vernacular name : mshekela kibira, mwanikibira, omumwanikibira
Trichilia emetica Vahl
Official name : Trichilia emetica Vahl
Family : Meliaceae
Synonyms : Trichilia roka (Forssk.) Chiov
Symptoms : H(051), H(099), H(100)
Recipes : H(051) paludism, to treat paludism a decoction is made from boiling the leaves of Zehneria scabra combined with the roots of Trichilia emetica, Alchornea cordifolia and Sapium ellipticum, of which one cup is administered three times a day for up to 7 days
H(051) paludism, H(099) epilepsy, stem bark, leaves of Trichilia emetica are boiled in water and decoction administered
H(100) gonnorhea, H(100) syphilis, the roots are boiled together with the roots of Alchonea cordifolia, Sapium ellipticum, Zenheria scabra, Acanthus pubescens, Emilia javanica and Oxygonum sinuatum and the decoction drunk.
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania (Kagera Region, Bugabo ward)
Vernacular name : omushunguti, omujunguti
Vangueria apiculata K. Schum.
Official name : Vangueria apiculata K. Schum.
Family : Rubiaceae
Symptoms : H(171)
Recipes : H(171) diabetes, a decoction is made using the leaves of Vangueria apiculata of Dracaena steudneri, VO.
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania (Kagera Region, Bugabo ward)
Vernacular name : kirongomani, mtigunda
Vangueria infausta Burch.
Official name : Vangueria infausta Burch.
Family : Rubiaceae
Symptoms :
Recipes : H(051) paludism, H(171) diabete, the fruits and seeds of Vangueria infausta are burnt and then eaten or the leaves boiled in water together with leaves or stem bark of Dracaena steudneri and the decoction drunk
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania (Kagera Region)
Vernacular name : amabungo, mabungo, kirongomani, mtigunda
Vernonia amygdalina Delile
Official name : Vernonia amygdalina Delile
Family : Asteraceae
Synonyms : Vernonia senegalensis A. Chev. , Gymnanthemum amygdalinum (Delile) Sch. Bip. Ex Walp.
Symptoms : H(051), H(157)
Recipes : H(051) fever, H(157) febrile convulsions, leaves of Vernonia amygdalina are squeezed and the exudate administered.
H(051) paludism and H(157) febrile convulsions, a decoction of the roots of Vernonia amygdalina is mixed with the stem bark of Sapium ellipticum ,and the leaves of Dalbergia nitidula, Desmodium salicifolium and Eriosema psoraleoides and drunk
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania (Kagera Region, Bugabo ward)
Vernacular name : omubilizi
Vernonia amygdalina Delile
Official name : Vernonia amygdalina Delile
Family : Asteraceae
Synonyms : Vernonia senegalensis A. Chev. , Gymnanthemum amygdalinum (Delile) Sch. Bip. Ex Walp.
Symptoms : V(016), V(051)
Recipes : Vb(016) mastitis, Vb(051) paludism and in cows, the leaves of Vernonia amygdalina are pounded and put in drinking water.
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania (Kagera Region, Bugabo ward)
Vernacular name : omubilizi
Vernonia brachycalyx O. Hoffm.
Official name : Vernonia brachycalyx O. Hoffm.
Family : Asteraceae
Symptoms : H(027z), H(033), H(056), H(109), H(139)
Recipes : H(027z) removal of excessive water from the uterus of pregnant women (hydrofoetalis), the leaves of Eugenia capensis, Vernonia bradycalyx and Strombosia scheffleri are boiled with leaves and the decoction is drunk
H(033) impotence, H(139) boost libido, the leaves of Tragia furialis are mixed with the roots of Elaeodendron buchananii , Vernonia brachycalyx and Desmodium ramosissimum and boiled in water. One glass of the decoction is then administered daily until effect can be observed
H(056) guinea worm, aerial parts of Vernonia brachycalyx are burnt and the ash applied to the knee where the worm is laboured.
H(109) backache, the leaves Vernonia brachycalyx and Pappea capensis, boiled and about 2 tablespoonfuls of the decoction given to the patient three time a day
H(201) mental confusion, a decoction is made from the roots of Pavetta refractifolia, Vernonia brachycalyx and drunk
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania (Kagera Region)
Vernacular name : mkuraijwa, omuwa
Whitfieldia elongata (P.Beauv.) De Wild. & T.Durand
Official name : Whitfieldia elongata (P.Beauv.) De Wild. & T.Durand
Family : Acanthaceae
Symptoms : H(013)
Recipes : H(013) skin conditions, H(046) chicken pox, the aerial parts of Momordica foetida of Whitfieldia elongate are crushed together and the juice squeezed out and administered to children with chicken pox.The exudates are also applied topically to treat skin lesions resulting from chicken pox
H(013) skin conditions, H(046) chicken pox, rectal prolapse, aerial parts of Whitfieldia elongata are squeezed and a teaspoonful of the exudate given to a child or can also be applied topically. The exudate is also drunk for the treatment of rectal prolapse
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania (Kagera Region)
Vernacular name : ekigenge
Xymalos monospora (Harv.) Baill.
Official name : Xymalos monospora (Harv.) Baill.
Family : Monimiaceae
Symptoms : H(037)
Recipes : H(037) coughs, leaves of Xymalos monospora are pounded together with ginge r(Zingiber officinale) to make a thick paste or squeezed and the juice produced given to children
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania (Kagera Region, Bugabo ward)
Vernacular name : kamagaliko
Zehneria scabra (L.f.) Sond.
Official name : Zehneria scabra (L.f.) Sond.
Family : Cucurbitaceae
Synonyms : Melothria punctata (Thunb.) Cogn.
Symptoms : H(013), H(027), H(027z), H(051), H(100), H(157)
Recipes : H(013) skin disease, H(027z) cleansing uterus before a child is delivered, H(100) gonorrhea, H(100) syphilis, leaves of Zehneria scabra are boiled and decoction drunk.
H(027) miscarriages in women, H(100) syphilis, the leaves of Sesbania macrantha can also be mixed with those of Zehneria scabra, and the roots of Sapium ellipticum and Alchornea cordifolia, boiled and the decoction taken orally
H(051) paludism , a decoction is made by boiling the roots of Sapium ellipticum, Trichilia emetica, Alchornea cordifolia together with the leaves of Zehneria scabra. The decoction is then administered orally three times a day for up to 7 days
H(051) paludism and H(157) febrile convulsions, leaves of Alchornea cordifolia, Sapium ellipticum, Kigelia africana, Zehneria scabra, Acanthus pubescens, Emilia javanica and Oxygonum sinuatum, are boiled and the decoction taken daily
H(100) gonnorhea, H(100) syphilis, the roots of Trichilia emetica of Alchonea cordifolia, Sapium ellipticum, Zenheria scabra, Acanthus pubescens, Emilia javanica and Oxygonum sinuatum are boiled and the decoction drunk.
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania (Kagera Region, Bugabo ward)
Vernacular name : akabindizi