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Reference : HM 47

Author(s) : Mainen J. Moshi, van den Beukel, C. J.P. , Hamza, O. J.M. , Mbwambo, Z, H. , Nondoa, R. O.S. , Masimba, P. J., Matee, M. I.N. , Kapingu, M. C., Mikxf, F. , Verweij, P. E. , van der Ven, A. J.A.M.
Title : Brine shrimp toxicity evaluation of some Tanzanian plants used traditionally for the treatment of fungal infections. African Journal of Traditional, Complementary and Alternative Medicines, 4 (2), pp 219 - 225, (2007) http://www.bioline.org.br/pdf?tc07022
Reference HM 47 has information about 56 plants :
Acacia nilotica (L.) Willd. ex Delile
Official name : Acacia nilotica (L.) Willd. ex Delile
Family : Fabaceae
Synonyms : Acacia scorpioides (L.) W.F. Wight
Symptoms : H(014), H(199)
Recipes : H(014) oral candidiasis and skin fungal opportunistic infections of H(199) HIV / AID, stems of Acacia nilotica, RNS, local application
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania
Vernacular name : kloriti
Acacia robusta subsp usambarensis (Taub) Brenan
Official name : Acacia robusta subsp usambarensis (Taub) Brenan
Family : Fabaceae
Symptoms : H(014), H(199)
Recipes : H(014) oral candidiasis and skin fungal opportunistic infections of H(199) HIV / AID, leaves of Acacia robusta subsp., RNS., local application
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania
Vernacular name : mkame
Acalypha fruticosa Forssk.
Official name : Acalypha fruticosa Forssk.
Family : Euphorbiaceae
Synonyms : Acalypha amentacea Roxb.
Symptoms : H(014), H(199)
Recipes : H(014) oral candidiasis and skin fungal opportunistic infections of H(199) HIV / AID, leaves and roots of Acalypha fruticosa, RNS., local application
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania
Vernacular name : siaiti
Agauria salicifolia (Comm. ex Lam.) Hook.f. ex Oliv.
Official name : Agauria salicifolia (Comm. ex Lam.) Hook.f. ex Oliv.
Family : Ericaceae
Synonyms : Agauria polyphylla Baker
Symptoms : H(014), H(199)
Recipes : H(014) oral candidiasis and skin fungal opportunistic infections of H(199) HIV / AID, leaves of Agauria salicifolia, RNS., local application
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania
Vernacular name : mwomboa
Albizia anthelmintica Brongn.
Official name : Albizia anthelmintica Brongn.
Family : Fabaceae
Symptoms : H(014), H(199)
Recipes : H(014) oral candidiasis and skin fungal opportunistic infections of H(199) HIV / AID, roots of Albizia anthelmintica, RNS., VO.
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania
Vernacular name : muleta
Aloe lateritia Engl.
Official name : Aloe lateritia Engl.
Family : Asphodelaceae
Symptoms : H(014), H(199)
Recipes : H(014) oral candidiasis and skin fungal opportunistic infections of H(199) HIV / AID, whole plant.of Aloe lateritia, RNS., local application (In a brine shrimp lethality test (BST) this plant showed a high toxicity to the shrimps)
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania
Vernacular name : mapunisinyamviri
Annona senegalensis Pers.
Official name : Annona senegalensis Pers.
Family : Annonaceae
Synonyms : Annona arenaria Thonn. , Annona chrysophylla Bojer
Symptoms : H(014), H(199)
Recipes : H(014) oral candidiasis and skin fungal opportunistic infections of H(199) HIV / AID, leaves, roots of Annona senegalensis, RNS., local application
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania
Vernacular name : mnene kanda
Balanites aegyptiaca (L.) Delile
Official name : Balanites aegyptiaca (L.) Delile
Family : Zygophyllaceae
Synonyms : Balanites gillettii Cufod.
Symptoms : H(014), H(199)
Recipes : H(014) oral candidiasis and skin fungal opportunistic infections of H(199) HIV / AID, roots barks of Balanites aegyptiaca, RNS., local application
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania
Vernacular name : mudughuyu
Cassia abbreviata Oliv.
Official name : Cassia abbreviata Oliv.
Family : Fabaceae
Symptoms : H(014), H(199)
Recipes : H(014) oral candidiasis and skin fungal opportunistic infections of H(199) HIV / AID, roots, stem barks of Cassia abbreviata, RNS., VO. (In a brine shrimp lethality test (BST) this plant showed a high toxicity to the shrimps)
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania
Vernacular name : mufafati
Cassia singueana Delile
Official name : Cassia singueana Delile
Family : Fabaceae
Synonyms : Senna singueana (Delile) Lock , Cassia goratensis Fresen.
Symptoms : H(014), H(199)
Recipes : H(014) oral candidiasis and skin fungal opportunistic infections of H(199) HIV / AID, roots of Cassia singuena, RNS., VO. And local application
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania
Vernacular name : muhufia
Chrysophyllum bangweolense R.E.Fr
Official name : Chrysophyllum bangweolense R.E.Fr
Family : Sapotaceae
Symptoms : H(014), H(199)
Recipes : H(014) oral candidiasis and skin fungal opportunistic infections of H(199) HIV / AID, roots barks of Chrysophyllum bangweolense, RNS, local application
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania
Vernacular name : mseweye
Cissus petiolata Hook. f.
Official name : Cissus petiolata Hook. f.
Family : Vitaceae
Symptoms : H(014), H(199)
Recipes : H(014) oral candidiasis and skin fungal opportunistic infections of H(199) HIV / AID, roots of Cissus petiolata, RNS, local application
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania
Vernacular name : mswilaswila
Clausena anisata (Willd.) Hook. f. ex Benth.
Official name : Clausena anisata (Willd.) Hook. f. ex Benth.
Family : Rutaceae
Symptoms : H(014), H(199)
Recipes : ,H(014) oral candidiasis and skin fungal opportunistic infections of H(199) HIV / AID, leaves, roots, stem barks of Clausena anisata, RNS., VO.
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania
Vernacular name : mjavikali
Commiphora pteleifolia Engl.
Official name : Commiphora pteleifolia Engl.
Family : Burseraceae
Symptoms : H(014), H(199)
Recipes : H(014) oral candidiasis and skin fungal opportunistic infections of H(199) HIV / AID, roots of Commiphora pteleifolia, RNS., VO.
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania
Vernacular name : twini ndedemu
Cordia africana Lam.
Official name : Cordia africana Lam.
Family : Boraginaceae
Synonyms : Cordia holstii Guerke
Symptoms : H(014), H(199)
Recipes : H(014) oral candidiasis and skin fungal opportunistic infections of H(199) HIV / AID, roots of Cordia africana, RNS, local application
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania
Vernacular name : mgwengweni
Coronopus didymus (L.) Sm.
Official name : Coronopus didymus (L.) Sm.
Family : Brassicaceae
Symptoms : H(014), H(199)
Recipes : H(014) oral candidiasis and skin fungal opportunistic infections of H(199) HIV / AID, whole plant of Coronopus didymus, RNS., VO.
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania
Vernacular name : kissango
Croton scheffleri Pax
Official name : Croton scheffleri Pax
Family : Euphorbiaceae
Symptoms : H(014), H(199)
Recipes : H(014) oral candidiasis and skin fungal opportunistic infections of H(199) HIV / AID, roots of Croton scheffleri, RNS., VO.
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania
Vernacular name : muhalange
Cucumis aculeatus Cogn.
Official name : Cucumis aculeatus Cogn.
Family : Cucurbitaceae
Symptoms : H(014), H(199)
Recipes : H(014) oral candidiasis and skin fungal opportunistic infections of H(199) HIV / AID, fruit of Cucumis aculeatus, local application
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania
Vernacular name : ingángáa
Cyphostemma hildebrandtii (Gilg) Desc. ex Wild & R.B.Drumm.
Official name : Cyphostemma hildebrandtii (Gilg) Desc. ex Wild & R.B.Drumm.
Family : Vitaceae
Symptoms : H(014), H(199)
Recipes : H(014) oral candidiasis and skin fungal opportunistic infections of H(199) HIV / AID, leaves of Cyphostemma hildebrandtii, RNS., local application
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania
Vernacular name : damanyamwili
Diospyros usambarensis F.White
Official name : Diospyros usambarensis F.White
Family : Ebenaceae
Symptoms : H(014), H(199)
Recipes : H(014) oral candidiasis and skin fungal opportunistic infections of H(199) HIV / AID, roots of Diospyros usambarensis, RNS., local application
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania
Vernacular name : muriorio
Drymaria cordata (L.) Willd. ex Roem. & Schult.
Official name : Drymaria cordata (L.) Willd. ex Roem. & Schult.
Family : Caryophyllaceae
Symptoms : H(014), H(199)
Recipes : H(014) oral candidiasis and skin fungal opportunistic infections of H(199) HIV / AID, whole plant of Drymaria cordata, RNS., local application
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania
Vernacular name : ugurashishi
Elaeodendron buchananii (Loes.) Loes.
Official name : Elaeodendron buchananii (Loes.) Loes.
Family : Sapotaceae
Synonyms : Cassine buchananii Loes.
Symptoms : H(014), H(199)
Recipes : H(014) oral candidiasis and skin fungal opportunistic infections of H(199) HIV / AID, stem barks of Elaeodendron buchananii, RNS., VO.
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania
Vernacular name : muhorachwi
Elaeodendron schlechterianum (Loes.) Loes.
Official name : Elaeodendron schlechterianum (Loes.) Loes.
Family : Sapotaceae
Symptoms : H(014), H(199)
Recipes : H(014) oral candidiasis and skin fungal opportunistic infections of H(199) HIV / AID, stem barks of Elaeodendron schlechteranum, RNS., VO.
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania
Vernacular name : mkandekande
Erythrina abyssinica Lam. ex DC.
Official name : Erythrina abyssinica Lam. ex DC.
Family : Fabaceae
Symptoms : H(014), H(199)
Recipes : H(014) oral candidiasis and skin fungal opportunistic infections of H(199) HIV / AID, roots of Erythrina abyssinica, RNS., local application
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania
Vernacular name : mkalalwanhuwa
Euphorbia heterophylla L.
Official name : Euphorbia heterophylla L.
Family : Euphorbiaceae
Symptoms : H(014), H(199)
Recipes : H(014) oral candidiasis and skin fungal opportunistic infections of H(199) HIV / AID, whole plant of Euphorbia heterophylla, RNS., VO.
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania
Vernacular name : loo
Euphorbia tirucalli L.
Official name : Euphorbia tirucalli L.
Family : Euphorbiaceae
Synonyms : Euphorbia laro Drake
Symptoms : H(014), H(199)
Recipes : H(014) oral candidiasis and skin fungal opportunistic infections of H(199) HIV / AID, leaves of Euphorbia tirucali, RNS., local application
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania
Vernacular name : injokii
Ficus capensis Thunb.
Official name : Ficus capensis Thunb.
Family : Moraceae
Synonyms : Ficus sur Forssk.
Symptoms : H(014), H(199)
Recipes : H(014) oral candidiasis and skin fungal opportunistic infections of H(199) HIV / AID, stem bark of Ficus sur., RNS., local application and VO.
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania
Vernacular name : mkuyu
Gonatopus boivinii (Decne.) Engl.
Official name : Gonatopus boivinii (Decne.) Engl.
Family : Araceae
Symptoms : H(014), H(199)
Recipes : H(014) oral candidiasis and skin fungal opportunistic infections of H(199) HIV / AID, tuber of Gonatopus boivinii, RNS., local application
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania
Vernacular name : kunzulu
Hymenodictyon parvifolium Oliv.
Official name : Hymenodictyon parvifolium Oliv.
Family : Rubiaceae
Symptoms : H(014), H(199)
Recipes : H(014) oral candidiasis and skin fungal opportunistic infections of H(199) HIV / AID, roots of Hymenidictyon parvifolium, RNS., local application (In a brine shrimp lethality test (BST) this plant showed a high toxicity to the shrimps)
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania
Vernacular name : pekawake
Hypericum roeperianum G.W.Schimp. ex A.Rich.
Official name : Hypericum roeperianum G.W.Schimp. ex A.Rich.
Family : Hypericaceae
Symptoms : H(014), H(199)
Recipes : H(014) oral candidiasis and skin fungal opportunistic infections of H(199) HIV / AID, leaves of Hypericum roeperanum, RNS., local application
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania
Vernacular name : mwambaziwa
Indigofera rhynchocarpa Welw. ex Baker
Official name : Indigofera rhynchocarpa Welw. ex Baker
Family : Fabaceae
Symptoms : H(014), H(199)
Recipes : H(014) oral candidiasis and skin fungal opportunistic infections of H(199) HIV / AID, roots of Indigofera rhynchocarpa, RNS., local application
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania
Vernacular name : igangula
Jatropha multifida L.
Official name : Jatropha multifida L.
Family : Euphorbiaceae
Symptoms : H(014), H(199)
Recipes : H(014) oral candidiasis and skin fungal opportunistic infections of H(199) HIV / AID, leaves, stems, roots of Jatropha multifida, RNS., local application
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania
Vernacular name : maugwamwipoli
Khaya anthotheca (Welw.) DC.
Official name : Khaya anthotheca (Welw.) DC.
Family : Meliaceae
Symptoms : H(014), H(199)
Recipes : H(014) oral candidiasis and skin fungal opportunistic infections of H(199) HIV / AID, stem barks of Khaya anthotheca, RNS., local application
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania
Vernacular name : mgolaminzi
Kigelia africana (Lam.) Benth.
Official name : Kigelia africana (Lam.) Benth.
Family : Bignoniaceae
Symptoms : H(014), H(199)
Recipes : H(014) oral candidiasis and skin fungal opportunistic infections of H(199) HIV / AID, roots barks, fruit of Kigelia africana, RNS., VO.(In a brine shrimp lethality test (BST) this plant showed a high toxicity to the shrimps)
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania
Vernacular name : mungungu
Lannea schweinfurthii (Engl.) Engl. var stuhlmannii (Engl.) Kokwaro
Official name : Lannea schweinfurthii (Engl.) Engl. var stuhlmannii (Engl.) Kokwaro
Family : Anacardiaceae
Synonyms : Lannea stuhlmannii (Engl.) Engl.
Symptoms : H(014), H(199)
Recipes : H(014) oral candidiasis and skin fungal opportunistic infections of H(199) HIV / AID, leaves of Lannea stuhlmanii, RNS., local application
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania
Vernacular name : muhungilo
Lobelia giberroa Hemsl.
Official name : Lobelia giberroa Hemsl.
Family : Lobeliaceae
Symptoms : H(014), H(199)
Recipes : H(014) oral candidiasis and skin fungal opportunistic infections of H(199) HIV / AID, leaves of Lobelia giberroa, RNS., local application
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania
Vernacular name : gongoa
Ocimum basilicum L.
Official name : Ocimum basilicum L.
Family : Lamiaceae
Symptoms : H(014), H(199)
Recipes : H(014) oral candidiasis and skin fungal opportunistic infections of H(199) HIV / AID, whole plant of Ocimum basilicum, RNS., VO.
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania
Vernacular name : irumbasi
Ocimum suave Willd.
Official name : Ocimum suave Willd.
Family : Lamiaceae
Symptoms : H(014), H(199)
Recipes : H(014) oral candidiasis and skin fungal opportunistic infections of H(199) HIV / AID, leaves of Ocimum suave, RNS., local application (In a brine shrimp lethality test (BST) this plant showed a high toxicity to the shrimps)
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania
Vernacular name : suameno
Plumbago zeylanica L.
Official name : Plumbago zeylanica L.
Family : Plumbaginaceae
Symptoms : H(014), H(199)
Recipes : H(014) oral candidiasis and skin fungal opportunistic infections of H(199) HIV / AID, roots of Plumbago zeylanica, RNS., VO.
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania
Vernacular name : chambula
Pteridium aquilinum (L.) Kühn
Official name : Pteridium aquilinum (L.) Kühn
Family : Dennstaedtiaceae
Synonyms : Pteris aquilina L.
Symptoms : H(014), H(199)
Recipes : H(014) oral candidiasis and skin fungal opportunistic infections of H(199) HIV / AID, leaves of Pteridium aquilinum, RNS., local application
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania
Vernacular name : shilu
Rapanea melanophloeos (L.) Mez
Official name : Rapanea melanophloeos (L.) Mez
Family : Primulaceae
Symptoms : H(014), H(199)
Recipes : H(014) oral candidiasis and skin fungal opportunistic infections of H(199) HIV / AID, leaves, stem barks of Rapanea melanophloeus, RNS., VO.
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania
Vernacular name : mpaja
Rhoicissus tridentata (L.f.) Wild & Drummond
Official name : Rhoicissus tridentata (L.f.) Wild & Drummond
Family : Vitaceae
Synonyms : Rhoicissus erythrodes (Fresen.) Planch.
Symptoms : H(014), H(199)
Recipes : H(014) oral candidiasis and skin fungal opportunistic infections of H(199) HIV / AID, tuber of Rhoicissus tridentata, RNS., VO.
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania
Vernacular name : iforiyo
Salvadora persica L.
Official name : Salvadora persica L.
Family : Salvadoraceae
Symptoms : H(014), H(199)
Recipes : H(014) oral candidiasis and skin fungal opportunistic infections of H(199) HIV / AID, roots of Salvadora persica, RNS., local application
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania
Vernacular name : mukunkuni
Sclerocarya birrea subsp. caffra (Sond.) Kokwaro
Official name : Sclerocarya birrea subsp. caffra (Sond.) Kokwaro
Family : Anacardiaceae
Symptoms : H(014), H(199)
Recipes : H(014) oral candidiasis and skin fungal opportunistic infections of H(199) HIV / AID, leaves, roots of Sclerocarya birrea. .... subsp. caffra , RNS., local application
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania
Vernacular name : muongozi
Securidaca longipedunculata Fresen.
Official name : Securidaca longipedunculata Fresen.
Family : Polygalaceae
Symptoms : H(014), H(199)
Recipes : H(014) oral candidiasis and skin fungal opportunistic infections of H(199) HIV / AID, roots of Securidaca longipedunculata, RNS., local application
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania
Vernacular name : musatu
Senecio deltoideus Less.
Official name : Senecio deltoideus Less.
Family : Asteraceae
Symptoms : H(014), H(199)
Recipes : H(014) oral candidiasis and skin fungal opportunistic infections of H(199) HIV / AID, whole plant of Senecio deltoidea, RNS., VO.
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania
Vernacular name : ulenge
Solanum incanum L.
Official name : Solanum incanum L.
Family : Solanaceae
Synonyms : Solanum insanum L. , Solanum coagulans Forssk.
Symptoms : H(014), H(199)
Recipes : H(014) oral candidiasis and skin fungal opportunistic infections of H(199) HIV / AID, whole plant of Solanum incanum, RNS., VO.
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania
Vernacular name : mtula ndulele
Spirostachys africana Sond.
Official name : Spirostachys africana Sond.
Family : Euphorbiaceae
Symptoms : H(014), H(199)
Recipes : H(014) oral candidiasis and skin fungal opportunistic infections of H(199) HIV / AID, stems of Spirostachys africana, RNS., local application
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania
Vernacular name : ormotanga
Sterculia africana (Lour.) Fiori
Official name : Sterculia africana (Lour.) Fiori
Family : Sterculiaceae
Symptoms : H(014), H(199)
Recipes : H(014) oral candidiasis and skin fungal opportunistic infections of H(199) HIV / AID, leaves of Sterculia africana, RNS., VO.
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania
Vernacular name : muhoza
Strophanthus eminii Asch. & Pax
Official name : Strophanthus eminii Asch. & Pax
Family : Apocynaceae
Symptoms : H(014), H(199)
Recipes : H(014) oral candidiasis and skin fungal opportunistic infections of H(199) HIV / AID, roots barks of Strophanthus eminii, RNS., VO.
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania
Vernacular name : muhunguti
Strychnos potatorum L. f.
Official name : Strychnos potatorum L. f.
Family : Strychnaceae
Symptoms : H(014), H(199)
Recipes : H(014) oral candidiasis and skin fungal opportunistic infections of H(199) HIV / AID, leaves of Strychnos potatorum, RNS., VO.
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania
Vernacular name : mumpande
Tagetes minuta L.
Official name : Tagetes minuta L.
Family : Asteraceae
Symptoms : H(014), H(199)
Recipes : H(014) oral candidiasis and skin fungal opportunistic infections of H(199) HIV / AID, leaves of Tagetes minuta, RNS., local application
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania
Vernacular name : mbangi
Turraea holstii Gürke
Official name : Turraea holstii Gürke
Family : Meliaceae
Symptoms : H(014), H(199)
Recipes : H(014) oral candidiasis and skin fungal opportunistic infections of H(199) HIV / AID, leaves of Turraea holstii, RNS., VO.
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania
Vernacular name : muhenga
Zanthoxylum chalybeum Engl.
Official name : Zanthoxylum chalybeum Engl.
Family : Rutaceae
Symptoms : H(014), H(199)
Recipes : H(014) oral candidiasis and skin fungal opportunistic infections of H(199) HIV / AID, roots barks of Zanthoxylum chalybeum, local application and, VO.
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania
Vernacular name : mulungu
Zehneria scabra (L.f.) Sond.
Official name : Zehneria scabra (L.f.) Sond.
Family : Cucurbitaceae
Synonyms : Melothria punctata (Thunb.) Cogn.
Symptoms : H(014), H(199)
Recipes : H(014) oral candidiasis and skin fungal opportunistic infections of H(199) HIV / AID, whole plant of Zehneria scabra, RNS., local application
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania
Vernacular name : foiza
Ziziphus pubescens Oliv.
Official name : Ziziphus pubescens Oliv.
Family : Rhamnaceae
Symptoms : H(014), H(199)
Recipes : H(014) oral candidiasis and skin fungal opportunistic infections of H(199) HIV / AID, leaves of Ziziphus pubercens, RNS., local application
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania
Vernacular name : indigrishi