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Reference : HN 16

Author(s) : Ndukwu, B.C. and N.B.Ben-Nwadibia
Title : Ethnomedicinal aspects of plants used as spices and condiments in the Niger delta area of Nigeria Leaflets Journal on WWW : http://www.siu.edu/~ebl/leaflets/niger.htm
Reference HN 16 has information about 32 plants :
Aframomum melegueta (Roscoe) K.Schum.
Official name : Aframomum melegueta (Roscoe) K.Schum.
Family : Zingiberaceae
Symptoms : H(008), H(046), H(048), H(068), H(091), H(096), H(097y), H(143), H(155)
Recipes : H(048), H(068), H(091), the fruits and seeds of Aframomum melegueta are commonly used as an ingredient of many local herbal preparations., they are usually used as stimulants, , carminatives and in vermifuge especially among the Ijaws
H(068), the powdered rhizome with table salt is specially given as vermifuge for round worms
H(008) cholera, the decoction of the leaves of Aframomum melegueta together with the leaves of Momordica charantia and Sorghum arundinaceum cereal in local dry gin (alcohol) is recommended to be taken one dose daily against cholera
H(046), H(143), the decoction of the leaves is used for small pox and chicken pox.
H(096), H(097y), the decoction of the leaves of Aframomum melegueta is mixed with leaves of lime, lemon grass and mango (Mangifera indica ) it is used as remedy for catarrh while the steam from the decoction is inhaled for congested chest
H(155), the ground formulation from the fruits of Piper guineense, Dioscorea bulbifera, Aframomum melegueta and Capsicum frutescens is mixed with aqueous extract of Citrus aurantifolia (lime) against tonsillitis
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria
Vernacular name : ehin-edo ehie ado (Bini); oji (Igbo - Ose); erhie (Urhobo); oburo; ata; ata-ire (Yoruba) ; grains of paradise, guinea grains; alligator pepper (English)
Allium cepa L.
Official name : Allium cepa L.
Family : Alliaceae
Symptoms : H(013), H(014), H(020x), H(037), H(045), H(053), H(060), H(078), H(082), H(091), H(095), H(094), H(152), H(157), H(175), H(186)
Recipes : H(091), H(186), onion bulb serves as a stimulant and expectorant
H(014), H(020x), H(045), Generally antimicrobial, it is usually crushed and its juice used against skin infections and insect bites
H(013) , H(053), H(094), H(175) + H(078), the roasted onion or its compress is used as poultice for tumors, ulcers, earaches and piles
H(037), H(082), H(152), H(157), juice of onion is mixed with honey in the treatment of asthma, cough, cold, convulsion and hypotension
H(048), H(060), fresh onion leaves is mostly used to eat roasted meat “suya” as a carminative and to reduce cholesterol level.
H(095), onion bulb is mostly used for flavouring and garnishing soup and foods
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria
Vernacular name : alubarha (Bini); oyim mbakara (Efik/Ibibio ) ; yabasi (Igbo) ; alubosa (Yoruba) ; red onion (English)
Allium sativum L.
Official name : Allium sativum L.
Family : Alliaceae
Symptoms : H(001), H(013), H(014), H(018), H(036), H(037), H(048), H(051), H(082), H(108), H(113), H(135), H(151)
Recipes : H(037), H(082), crushed garlic (soup) is used against microbial infection, asthma cough and respiratory problems.
H(018), the juice of the bulb is given as eardrops against earaches.
H(051), H(108), as a seasoning and flavouring agent, garlic is principally taken against fevers and chills.
H(108), a cold infusion serves as a body wash for infants as protection against chills.
H(001), H(036), H(113), H(151), the bulb also serves as effective remedy for hypertension, muscular pain, giddiness and sore eyes.
H(048), H(135), It is digestive and carminative and removes pains of the bowels.
H(013) ,H(014), when powdered with natron it is applied as a dressing on ulcers and skin diseases
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria
Vernacular name : ayuu (Igbo) ; ayo (Yoruba) ; garlic (English)
Capsicum annuum L.
Official name : Capsicum annuum L.
Family : Solanaceae
Synonyms : Capsicum frutescens L.
Symptoms : H(001), H(004), H(008), H(013), H(014), H(018), H(036), H(037), H(048), H(051), H(082), H(091), H(100), H(108), H(113), H(135), H(151), H(155), H(164), H(191)
Recipes : H(091), H(191), the fruits and seeds of pepper are highly pungent. They are used as stimulants and enhancing the circulation of blood especially in cold conditions.
H(048), H(164), they also serve as carminatives and rubefacients.
H(008), H(051), preparations of the fruits are taken against fever and dysentery.
H(004), powdered chilies are mixed with palm oil in treating cuts, wounds and dog bites.
H(051) for the treatment of paludism, the unripe fruits of Capsicum frutescens together with the roots of Securidaca longipedunculata (violet tree), whole plant of Allium ascalonicum seeds of Aniphyllea species; old leaves of Carica papaya (pawpaw), roots of Citrullus vulgaris (cucumber), roots of Elais guineensis (oil palm) are powdered, then mixed with hot pap of Zea mays and taken orally for 3-4 days.
H(100), for the treatment of gonorrhoea, a mixture of hot pap and powdered mixture of unripe fruits of Capsicum frutescens, whole plant of Allium ascalonicum, leaves of Glyphaea lateriflora and tuber of Manihot esculenta are taken in the mornings for at least seven days
H(155), the ground formulation from the fruits of Piper guineense, Dioscorea bulbifera, Aframomum melegueta and Capsicum frutescens is mixed with aqueous extract of Citrus aurantifolia (lime) against tonsillitis
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria
Vernacular name : isie; ekie, asie (Bini) ; ntokon; aman-ntuen; ntueen (Efik/Ibibio) ; ose; ose-oyibo; ose etore; ose nukwu; ose nwamkpi; ose mkpe (Igbo); ata-jije; ata-eiye; ata sisebe (Yoruba); cayenne; african pepper; guinea pepper; bir pepper; chilies (English)
Capsicum annuum L.
Official name : Capsicum annuum L.
Family : Solanaceae
Synonyms : Capsicum frutescens L.
Symptoms : H(004), H(008), H(048), H(091), H(164), H(191)
Recipes : H(091), H(191), the fruits and seeds of pepper are highly pungent. They are used as stimulants and enhancing the circulation of blood especially in cold conditions.
H(048), H(164), they also serve as carminatives and rubefacients.
H(008), H(051), preparations of the fruits are taken against fever and dysentery.
H(004), powdered chilies are mixed with palm oil in treating cuts, wounds and dog bites.
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria
Vernacular name : isie; ekie, asie (Bini) ; ntokon; aman-ntuen; ntueen (Efik/Ibibio) ; ose; ose-oyibo; ose etore; ose nukwu; ose nwamkpi; ose mkpe (Igbo); ata-jije; ata-eiye; ata sisebe (Yoruba); cayenne; african pepper; guinea pepper; bir pepper; chilies (English):
Carica papaya L.
Official name : Carica papaya L.
Family : Caricaceae
Symptoms : H(051)
Recipes : H(051) for the treatment of paludism, the unripe fruits of Capsicum frutescens together with the roots of Securidaca longipedunculata (violet tree), whole plant of Allium ascalonicum seeds of Aniphyllea species; old leaves of Carica papaya (pawpaw), roots of Citrullus vulgaris (cucumber), roots of Elais guineensis (oil palm) are powdered, then mixed with hot pap of Zea mays and taken orally for 3-4 days.
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria
Vernacular name : not communicated by the authors
Chenopodium ambrosioides L.
Official name : Chenopodium ambrosioides L.
Family : Chenopodiaceae
Synonyms : Dysphania ambrosioides (L.) Mosyakin & Clemants
Symptoms : H(113)
Recipes : H(113), the paste of the pods of Tetrapleura tetraptera mixed with the roots of Citrus lemon, Olax subscorpiodes, Chenopodium ambrosioides and the bulb of Allium ascalonicum in treatment of rheumatism
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria
Vernacular name : not communicated by the authors
Citrullus lanatus (Thunb.) Matsumara & Makai
Official name : Citrullus lanatus (Thunb.) Matsumara & Makai
Family : Cucurbitaceae
Synonyms : Citrullus vulgaris Eckl. & Zeyh. , Colocynthis citrullus (L.) Kuntze
Symptoms : H(051)
Recipes : H(051) for the treatment of paludism, the unripe fruits of Capsicum frutescens together with the roots of Securidaca longipedunculata (violet tree), whole plant of Allium ascalonicum seeds of Aniphyllea species; old leaves of Carica papaya (pawpaw), roots of Citrullus vulgaris (cucumber), roots of Elais guineensis (oil palm) are powdered, then mixed with hot pap of Zea mays and taken orally for 3-4 days
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria
Vernacular name : not communicated by the authors
Citrus aurantiifolia (Christm.) Swingle
Official name : Citrus aurantiifolia (Christm.) Swingle
Family : Rutaceae
Symptoms : H(155)
Recipes : H(155), the ground formulation from the fruits of Piper guineense, Dioscorea bulbifera, Aframomum melegueta and Capsicum frutescens is mixed with aqueous extract of Citrus aurantifolia (lime) against tonsillitis
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria
Vernacular name : not communicated by the authors
Citrus limon (L.) Burm. f.
Official name : Citrus limon (L.) Burm. f.
Family : Rutaceae
Synonyms : Citrus limonum Risso
Symptoms : H(113)
Recipes : H(113), the paste of the pods of Tetrapleura tetraptera mixed with the roots of Citrus lemon, Olax subscorpiodes, Chenopodium ambrosioides and the bulb of Allium ascalonicum in treatment of rheumatism
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria
Vernacular name : not communicated by the authors
Citrus limon (L.) Burm. f.
Official name : Citrus limon (L.) Burm. f.
Family : Rutaceae
Synonyms : Citrus limonum Risso
Symptoms : H(113)
Recipes : The paste of the pods of Tetrapleura tetraptera mixed with the roots of Citrus lemon, Olax subscorpiodes, Chenopodium ambrosioides and the bulb of Allium ascalonicum in treatment of H(113) rheumatism.
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria
Vernacular name : not communicated by the authors
Dioscorea bulbifera L.
Official name : Dioscorea bulbifera L.
Family : Dioscoreaceae
Symptoms : H(155)
Recipes : H(155), the ground formulation from the fruits of Piper guineense, Dioscorea bulbifera, Aframomum melegueta and Capsicum frutescens is mixed with aqueous extract of Citrus aurantifolia (lime) against tonsillitis
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria
Vernacular name : not communicated by the authors
Elaeis guineensis Jacq.
Official name : Elaeis guineensis Jacq.
Family : Palmae
Symptoms : H(051)
Recipes : H(051) for the treatment of paludism, the unripe fruits of Capsicum frutescens together with the roots of Securidaca longipedunculata (violet tree), whole plant of Allium ascalonicum seeds of Aniphyllea species; old leaves of Carica papaya (pawpaw), roots of Citrullus vulgaris (cucumber), roots of Elais guineensis (oil palm) are powdered, then mixed with hot pap of Zea mays and taken orally for 3-4 days
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria
Vernacular name : not communicated by the authors
Jatropha curcas L.
Official name : Jatropha curcas L.
Family : Euphorbiaceae
Symptoms : H(091)
Recipes : H(091) childs, The roots of Ocimum basilicum or O. Canum Sims or O. gratissimum or O. americanum or O. guineense or O. viride together with the leaves of Jatropha curcas and fruit of Xylopia aethiopica is boiled and given to children as a strengthening tonic.
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria
Vernacular name : not communicated by the authors
Mangifera indica L.
Official name : Mangifera indica L.
Family : Anacardiaceae
Symptoms : H(096), H(097y)
Recipes : H(096), H(097y), the decoction of the leaves of Aframomum melegueta is mixed with leaves of lime, lemon grass and mango (Mangifera indica ) it is used as remedy for catarrh while the steam from the decoction is inhaled for congested ches
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria
Vernacular name : not communicated by the authors
Manihot esculenta Crantz
Official name : Manihot esculenta Crantz
Family : Euphorbiaceae
Synonyms : Manihot utilissima Pohl
Symptoms : H(100)
Recipes : H(100), for the treatment of gonorrhoea, a mixture of hot pap and powdered mixture of unripe fruits of Capsicum frutescens, whole plant of Allium ascalonicum, leaves of Glyphaea lateriflora and tuber of Manihot esculenta are taken in the mornings for at least seven days
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria
Vernacular name : not communicated by the authors
Momordica charantia L.
Official name : Momordica charantia L.
Family : Cucurbitaceae
Symptoms : H(008)
Recipes : H(008) cholera, the decoction of the leaves of Aframomum melegueta together with the leaves of Momordica charantia and Sorghum arundinaceum cereal in local dry gin (alcohol) is recommended to be taken one dose daily against cholera
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria
Vernacular name : not communicated by the authors
Ocimum basilicum L.
Official name : Ocimum basilicum L.
Family : Lamiaceae
Symptoms : H(008), H(014), H(018), H(020), H(037), H(038), H(048), H(053), H(091), H(095), H(100), H(104), H(108), H(124), H(125), H(157)
Recipes : The plant is an anticonvulsant H(157), diaphoretic H(125) and carminative H(048). It cures coughH(037), catarrh, cold H(108), fever H(051), chest painsH(037) and diarrhea H(008), others are earache H(053), ringwormH(014), nasal bleeding H(124), anti-spasmolytic and relief of pains of the colon H(008) + H(104)
H(051), leaves are chopped up and eaten as a febrifuge.
H(037), powdered form of the leaves is taken internally for catarrh.
H(014), a paste of the leaves is applied topically against ringworm and skin diseases.
H(008), H(038), H(100), seed infusion is prepared to treat gonorrhea , nephritic and urinary infections, diarrhea and chronic dysentery
The warm extract of the leaves is used in instillations for otitis media H(053), sinusitis H(108) and in fumigations for cough H(037) and headache H(018)
H(091) childs, The roots of Ocimum basilicum or O. Canum Sims or O. gratissimum or O. americanum or O. guineense or O. viride together with the leaves of Jatropha curcas and fruit of Xylopia aethiopica is boiled and given to children as a strengthening tonic.
The leaves of Ocimum species are usually very aromatic. H(095), These plants are thus used for seasoning and flavouring sauces, salads and soups.
H(020), the scent of the plant is also used to protect against snake
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria
Vernacular name : esewon (Edo) ; nchanwu ( Igbo) ; ufuo-yibo (Urhobo) ; efinruin-wewe, efinrin-ajase, efirinpo, efirin-gidi and efiri-ajija (Yoruba), ): sweet basil; hairy basil; tea bush; scent eaf (English)
Ocimum canum Sims
Official name : Ocimum canum Sims
Family : Lamiaceae
Symptoms : H(008), H(008) + H(104), H(014), H(020), H(037), H(038), H(048), H(091), H(051), H(053), H(091), H(095), H(100), H(108), H(124), H(125), H(157)
Recipes : The plant is an anticonvulsant H(157), diaphoretic H(125) and carminative H(048). It cures coughH(037), catarrh, cold H(108), fever H(051), chest painsH(037) and diarrhea H(008), others are earache H(053), ringwormH(014), nasal bleeding H(124), anti-spasmolytic and relief of pains of the colon H(008) + H(104)
H(051), leaves are chopped up and eaten as a febrifuge.
Powdered form of the leaves is taken internally for catarrh.
A paste of the leaves is applied topically against ringworm H(014) and skin diseases.
Seed infusion is prepared to treat gonorrhea H(100), nephritic and urinary infections H(038), diarrhea and chronic dysentery H(008)
The warm extract of the leaves is used in instillations for otitis media H(053), sinusitis H(108) and in fumigations for cough H(037) and headache H(018)
H(091) childs, The roots of Ocimum basilicum or O. Canum Sims or O. gratissimum or O. americanum or O. guineense or O. viride together with the leaves of Jatropha curcas and fruit of Xylopia aethiopica is boiled and given to children as a strengthening tonic..
The leaves of these species are usually very aromatic. H(095), These plants are thus used for seasoning and flavouring sauces, salads and soups.
H(020), the scent of the plant is also used to protect against snakes
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria
Vernacular name : esewon (Edo) ; nchanwu ( Igbo) ; ufuo-yibo (Urhobo) ; efinruin-wewe, efinrin-ajase, efirinpo, efirin-gidi and efiri-ajija (Yoruba), ): sweet basil; hairy basil; tea bush; scent eaf (English)
Ocimum gratissimum L.
Official name : Ocimum gratissimum L.
Family : Lamiaceae
Symptoms : H(008), H(014), H(018), H(020), H(037), H(038), H(048), H(053), H(091), H(095), H(100), H(104), H(108), H(124), H(125), H(157)
Recipes : The plant is an anticonvulsant H(157), diaphoretic H(125) and carminative H(048). It cures coughH(037), catarrh, cold H(108), fever H(051), chest painsH(037) and diarrhea H(008), others are earache H(053), ringwormH(014), nasal bleeding H(124), anti-spasmolytic and relief of pains of the colon H(008) + H(104)
H(051), leaves are chopped up and eaten as a febrifuge.
Powdered form of the leaves is taken internally for catarrh.
A paste of the leaves is applied topically against ringworm H(014) and skin diseases.
Seed infusion is prepared to treat gonorrhea H(100), nephritic and urinary infections H(038), diarrhea and chronic dysentery H(008)
The warm extract of the leaves is used in instillations for otitis media H(053), sinusitis H(108) and in fumigations for cough H(037) and headache H(018)
H(091) childs, The roots of Ocimum basilicum or O. Canum Sims or O. gratissimum or O. americanum or O. guineense or O. viride together with the leaves of Jatropha curcas and fruit of Xylopia aethiopica is boiled and given to children as a strengthening tonic..
The leaves of these species are usually very aromatic. H(095), These plants are thus used for seasoning and flavouring sauces, salads and soups.
H(020), the scent of the plant is also used to protect against snakes
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria
Vernacular name : esewon (Edo) ; nchanwu ( Igbo) ; ufuo-yibo (Urhobo) ; efinruin-wewe, efinrin-ajase, efirinpo, efirin-gidi and efiri-ajija (Yoruba), ): sweet basil; hairy basil; tea bush; scent eaf (English)
Olax subscorpioidea Oliv.
Official name : Olax subscorpioidea Oliv.
Family : Olacaceae
Symptoms : H(113)
Recipes : H(113), the paste of the pods of Tetrapleura tetraptera mixed with the roots of Citrus lemon, Olax subscorpiodes, Chenopodium ambrosioides and the bulb of Allium ascalonicum in treatment of rheumatism
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria
Vernacular name : not communicated by the authors
Parkia biglobosa ( Jacq.) R.Br. ex G. Don
Official name : Parkia biglobosa ( Jacq.) R.Br. ex G. Don
Family : Fabaceae
Synonyms : Parkia clappertoniana Keay
Symptoms : H(113)
Recipes : H(113), ripe fruits of Piper guineense together with the seeds of Parica biglobosa and root bark of Rauwolfia vomitora are boiled with snail, the soup orally taken to treat rheumatic pains.
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria
Vernacular name : not communicated by the authors
Pergularia extensa (Jacq.) N.E. Br.
Official name : Pergularia extensa (Jacq.) N.E. Br.
Family : Apocynaceae
Synonyms : Cynanchum cordifolium Retz. , Cynanchum extensum Jacq.
Symptoms : H(008), H(051), H(068), H(095), H(186)
Recipes : H(068), the water extract of the leaves is used as antihelmintic
H(186), the water extract of the leaves is used as expectorant
H(008) child, H(051) child, the stem and root bark extract is taken against fever and diarrhea in infants.
H(095), the leaves are specially used as a condiment for soup and porridge yam.
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria
Vernacular name : utazi (Igbo) ; teji (Yoruba)
Piper guineense Schumach. & Thonn.
Official name : Piper guineense Schumach. & Thonn.
Family : Piperaceae
Symptoms : H(113)
Recipes : H(113), ripe fruits of Piper guineense together with the seeds of Parica biglobosa and root bark of Rauwolfia vomitora are boiled with snail, the soup orally taken to treat rheumatic pains. - - H(155), the ground formulation from the fruits of Piper guineense, Dioscorea bulbifera, Aframomum melegueta and Capsicum frutescens is mixed with aqueous extract of Citrus aurantifolia (lime) against tonsillitis
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria
Vernacular name : not communicated by the authors
Piper nigrum L.
Official name : Piper nigrum L.
Family : Piperaceae
Symptoms : H(007), H(007x), H(008), H(013), H(018), H(103), H(038), H(093), H(113), H(125), H(201)
Recipes : The fruits are highly aromatic. They are used for H(007x) carminative, H(007) diuretic, H(125) diaphoretic and antiperiodic purposes. Paste made from ground seeds is applied locally againstH(013) boils, H(113) rheumatic pains, H(018) headaches and H(103) toothache. Powder of the fruits is mixed with honey in the treatment of H(104) dyspepsia, H(201) debility, H(008) diarrhoea, cholera, H(094) piles and H(038) urinary tract problems. The extracts of the fruits is given as an H(093) antidote in arsenic poisoning.
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria
Vernacular name : not communicated by the authors
Piper umbellatum L.
Official name : Piper umbellatum L.
Family : Piperaceae
Synonyms : Piper subpeltatum Willd.
Symptoms : H(006), H(007), H(078), H(104), H(113), H(164), H(170)
Recipes : H(007), H(113), H(164), the fruits are used for diuretic and rubefacient purposes, and also against rheumatic pains.
H(006), leaves are boiled with local palm kernel oil as a laxative for pregnant women
H(104), H(170), leaf infusion is used as a remedy for stomach pains, anasarea and ascites in adults
H(078), H(113), a decoction of the root in local dry gin (alcohol) is used against inflammatory tumors and rheumatism.
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria
Vernacular name : ebe-ahanbi (Bini) ; njam nja (Igbo) ; ewe-efon; iyawe (Yoruba) ; yawe (Iwere) ; wild pepper ( (English)
Securidaca longipedunculata Fresen.
Official name : Securidaca longipedunculata Fresen.
Family : Polygalaceae
Symptoms : H(051)
Recipes : H(051) for the treatment of paludism, the unripe fruits of Capsicum frutescens together with the roots of Securidaca longipedunculata (violet tree), whole plant of Allium ascalonicum seeds of Aniphyllea species; old leaves of Carica papaya (pawpaw), roots of Citrullus vulgaris (cucumber), roots of Elais guineensis (oil palm) are powdered, then mixed with hot pap of Zea mays and taken orally for 3-4 days
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria
Vernacular name : not communicated by the authors
Tetrapleura tetraptera (Schumach. & Thonn.) Taub.
Official name : Tetrapleura tetraptera (Schumach. & Thonn.) Taub.
Family : Fabaceae
Symptoms : H(012), H(055), H(100), H(113), H(157)
Recipes : The pod of Tetrapleura tetraptera is ground with palm oil and used in theH(012)) stretching of fractured bones. Aqueous extract of the pod is used as H(157) anticonvulsant and molluscide. A decoction of the pod and the bark is used as H(055) emetic and to wash the affected organ in the cure for H(100) gonorrhea. The paste of the pods of Tetrapleura tetraptera mixed with the roots of Citrus lemon, Olax subscorpiodes, Chenopodium ambrosioides and the bulb of Allium ascalonicum in treatment of H(113) rheumatism.
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria
Vernacular name : ighimiakia (Bini), edeminang (Efik), imiminje (Etsako), oshosho (Igbo), ighirehimi (Ishan), aridan (Yoruba), apapa (Ijaw)
Thymus vulgaris L.
Official name : Thymus vulgaris L.
Family : Lamiaceae
Symptoms : H(007), H(045), H(048), H(068), H(095), H(099), H(116), H(186)
Recipes : H(095), thyme leaves and fruits are rich in thymol. The powdered form of the foliage is prepared and used in food for both seasoning
H(007), H(045), H(048), H(068), H(099), H(116), H(186) the foliage is used as antiseptic, antihelmintic, expectorant, carminative, diuretic emmenagogic and sedative
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria
Vernacular name : not communicated by the authors
Xylopia aethiopica (Dunal) A. Rich.
Official name : Xylopia aethiopica (Dunal) A. Rich.
Family : Annonaceae
Synonyms : Uvaria aethiopica Guil. et Pers.
Symptoms : H(002), H(006), H(008), H(037), H(045), H(051), H(068), H(078), H(091), H(102)
Recipes : H(008),H(037), H(051), H(102), fruit extract or decoction of the bark is drank for the treatment of bronchitis and dysenteric conditions; and also as a medicine for biliousness and febrile pains
H(078), H(103), the powdered root is used as a dressing for sores and rubbed onto gums for pyorrhea and in the local treatment of cancer.
H(045), powdered bark is dusted onto ulcers to enhance healing.
H(006), H(091), the decoction of the leaves and roots is used generally as tonic and often mixed with salt to cure constipation.
H(113), extracts of the pungent leaves are used as an emetic, carminative, purgative and revulsive against pains and rheumatism.
H(002), the powder of the seeds is used to prepare special pepper soup given to lactating mothers.
H(068), the fruit extract is also used to aid conception and as a vermifuge for round worms
H(091) childs, the roots of Ocimum basilicum or O. Canum Sims or O. gratissimum or O. americanum or O. guineense or O. viride together with the leaves of Jatropha curcas and fruit of Xylopia aethiopica is boiled and given to children as a strengthening tonic
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria
Vernacular name : ako (Bini) ; nkarika (Ibibio/Efik) ; nmimi ( Igbo) ; imako (Urhobo) ; (igberi); Ethiopian pepper, African pepper (English)
Zea mays L.
Official name : Zea mays L.
Family : Poaceae
Symptoms : H(051)
Recipes : H(051) for the treatment of paludism, the unripe fruits of Capsicum frutescens together with the roots of Securidaca longipedunculata (violet tree), whole plant of Allium ascalonicum seeds of Aniphyllea species; old leaves of Carica papaya (pawpaw), roots of Citrullus vulgaris (cucumber), roots of Elais guineensis (oil palm) are powdered, then mixed with hot pap of Zea mays and taken orally for 3-4 days
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria
Vernacular name : not communicated by the authors
Zingiber officinale Roscoe
Official name : Zingiber officinale Roscoe
Family : Zingiberaceae
Symptoms : H(037), H(048), H(091), H(103), H(108), H(126), H(164), H(186)
Recipes : H(091), H(103), H(108), raw ginger is often masticated as a stimulant, stomach tonic, relief of congested nostrils and toothaches. Decoction of the rhizome is used as H(048), H(091), H(164), H(186) stimulant, carminative, expectorant and rubefacient
H(135), It is also used against problems of the digestive systems
H(126), the paste made from the rhizome is used in treating infective hepatitis and related liver problems
H(037), H(108), Ginger tea is commonly taken against coughs, colds and flu
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria
Vernacular name : efik/Ibibio - jinja; Igbo - jinja ( Local Names), aje; orin; atale (Yoruba) ; ginger (English)