Prelude Medicinal Plants Database

Search |  Practical Guide |  Contact |  Authors |  Disclaimer

Reference : HN 18

Author(s) : Noumi, E. & N.Y.C. Tchakonang
Title : Plants used as abortifacients in the Sangmelima region of Southern Cameroon. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, Volume 76, pp. 263-268 ( 2001)
Reference HN 18 has information about 14 plants :
Basella alba L.
Official name : Basella alba L.
Family : Basellaceae
Synonyms : Basella rubra L.
Symptoms : H(022)
Recipes : H(022) oxytocic; fresh leaves. Two spoonfuls of the juice of crushed leaves are drunk. The treatment is repeated as needed. It was indicated that the administration of this drug often led to multiple tears (lacerations) of the vulva.
Region : Central Africa
Country : Cameroon (Southern region of Sangmelima)
Vernacular name : ele lengue (Sangmelima, Yaounde), lakguegwik (Batoufam)
Bidens pilosa L.
Official name : Bidens pilosa L.
Family : Asteraceae
Symptoms : H(022)
Recipes : H(022) oxytocic; leaves. To use, three handfuls of leaves are boiled in 1.5 l of water until the water is reduced to 1 l. Three cups are taken orally to induce oxytocic effect within 3 h. The indicated side effects are the same as those of B. alba.
Region : Central Africa
Country : Cameroon (Southern region of Sangmelima)
Vernacular name : mfeg-zoa (Sangmelima), okpadi (Yaounde)
Ceiba pentandra (L.) Gaertn.
Official name : Ceiba pentandra (L.) Gaertn.
Family : Bombacaceae
Symptoms : H(112)
Recipes : H(112) abortion; leaf, stembark. A petiole is soaked in water for 6 h, until a resinous gum appears at the enlarged extremity, or a fragment of stembark is soaked in water, until a resinous gum is produced at the edges. Then, the petiole is introduced into the vagina such that the gum is in contact with the cervix or the gum is mechanically placed into contact with the cervix. A report said that bleeding of the uterus started after 3 h accompanied by the opening of the cervix. Hospital nurses and illicit abortionists use speculum to introduce the side of the gummy petiole into the cervix. Another report stated that an abundant bleeding occurred for many days, before and after the expulsion of the fœtus
Region : Central Africa
Country : Cameroon (Southern region of Sangmelima)
Vernacular name : douma (Sangmelima, Ebolowa), dum (Yaounde), bouma (Douala), djam (Bangangte)
Citrus aurantiifolia (Christm.) Swingle
Official name : Citrus aurantiifolia (Christm.) Swingle
Family : Rutaceae
Symptoms : H(112)
Recipes : H(112) abortion; fruit (juice). There are four recipes of drug preparation: (1) 200 ml each of whisky and C. aurantifolia juice are mixed, the mixture is then saturated with powdered rock salt and filtered; the solution is drunk on an empty stomach, preferably before going to bed; one report said that a violent dizziness and headache were experienced for at least 3 days; (2) kitchen salt is dissolved in a cup of water to saturation, then one cup of C. aurantifolia juice is added and the mixture boiled; the warm decoction is then introduced into the vagina before going to bed; irritation and burning sensation are the reported side effects; (3) half a cupful of bush honey and half a cupful of C. aurantifolia juice are mixed; the mixture is then drunk on an empty stomach; light abdominal pains were reported as side effects; (4) a cupful of C. aurantifolia juice is saturated with powdered rock salt, homogenised and filtered; the solution is then drunk on an empty stomach; light abdominal pains were reported as side effects. Preparations of C. aurantifolia juice are also taken when menstruation is 3 or 4 weeks late. In such a case, bleeding is said to begin about 10 h after drinking such preparations. Another report stated that the use of C. aurantifolia leads to menstrual cycle disorders
Region : Central Africa
Country : Cameroon (Southern region of Sangmelima)
Vernacular name : ofumbi beti (Sangmelima, Yaounde)
Drymaria cordata (L.) Willd. ex Roem. & Schult.
Official name : Drymaria cordata (L.) Willd. ex Roem. & Schult.
Family : Caryophyllaceae
Symptoms : H(112)
Recipes : H(112) abortion. Fresh leaves are heated under hot ashes and rounded into a small ball which is introduced into the vagina, preferably before going to bed. A report said that bleeding of the uterus began 12 h after insertion, and burning sensation and irritations were experienced.
Region : Central Africa
Country : Cameroon (Southern region of Sangmelima)
Vernacular name : oyaya (Sangmelima, Ebolowa), lomtokia (Bayangam)
Erythrophleum guineense G. Don
Official name : Erythrophleum guineense G. Don
Family : Fabaceae
Synonyms : Erythrophleum suaveolens (Guill. & Perr.) Brenan
Symptoms : H(112)
Recipes : H(112) abortion, A piece of the stembark is placed at the bottom of the panties as a pad. It was reported that the contact with the vulva provokes the expulsion of the foetus, even if it is 6 months old. Other reported side effects included irritation and the reddening of the vulva, and that the expulsion of the foetus was accompanied by violent and persistent contractions
Region : Central Africa
Country : Cameroon (Southern region of Sangmelima)
Vernacular name : elon (Sangmelima, Ebolowa, Yaounde), Tom (Bangangte)
Manihot esculenta Crantz
Official name : Manihot esculenta Crantz
Family : Euphorbiaceae
Synonyms : Manihot utilissima Pohl
Symptoms : H(112)
Recipes : H(112) abortion; a fresh leaf of the bitter variety is harvested and the enlarged end of the petiole is introduced into the vagina such that the white latex comes in contact with the cervix. Bleeding was claimed to start 6 h after. The preparation should be maintained until the foetus has been expulsed
Region : Central Africa
Country : Cameroon (Southern region of Sangmelima)
Vernacular name : mbom (Sangmelima, Yaoundé), nkwamba (Douala), kasinga (Bangangte)
Momordica charantia L.
Official name : Momordica charantia L.
Family : Cucurbitaceae
Symptoms : H(112)
Recipes : H(112) abortion; seeds, leaves. To produce abortion, ten seeds are ground and the paste divided into three small balls using saliva; a ball is then introduced into the vagina, once a day, preferably before going to bed. It was reported that the application of M. charantia preparation resulted in a high fever; during this time no drug was allowed to be administered; a putrid vaginal discharge resulted for 2–4 days.
Region : Central Africa
Country : Cameroon (Southern region of Sangmelima)
Vernacular name : eyel zom (Sangmelima, Yaounde)
Musa sp.
Official name : Musa sp.
Family : Musaceae
Symptoms : H(022)
Recipes : H(022) oxytocic effect; a young plant is cut and the juice drunk by a woman in labour to accelerate delivery. Its claimed effect is to empower the drug effects of other plants.
Region : Central Africa
Country : Cameroon (Southern region of Sangmelima)
Vernacular name : ekoan (Sangmelima, Akonolinga, Yaounde)
Nicotiana tabacum L.
Official name : Nicotiana tabacum L.
Family : Solanaceae
Symptoms : H(112)
Recipes : H(112) abortion; leaves. 3/4 cup of hot ashes and 1/4 cup of rock salt are dissolved in four cupfuls of water, then five to ten crushed leaves of N. tabacum are added and left to stand for 4 h. The mixture is homogenized and filtered and the filtrate is injected into the vagina before going to bed. It was reported that the intoxication due to N. tabacum is terrifying in two ways: exciting and paralyzing. The patients would go into a coma for many days and some die in the process.
Region : Central Africa
Country : Cameroon (Southern region of Sangmelima)
Vernacular name : tah (Sangmelima, Ebolowa, Yaounde), depah (Bafoussam, Foumban)
Ocimum gratissimum L.
Official name : Ocimum gratissimum L.
Family : Lamiaceae
Symptoms : H(022)
Recipes : H(022) oxytocic effect; leaves. Three handfuls of leaves are boiled in 1.5 l of water and the solution is concentrated to 1 l. This is drunk, three cups thrice a day. Abortionists also add O. gratissimum leaves to other abortifacient plants to reinforce their effects.
Region : Central Africa
Country : Cameroon (Southern region of Sangmelima)
Vernacular name : mesep (Yaounde, Sangmelima, Abong-Mbang), masepo (Douala)
Pentaclethra macrophylla Benth.
Official name : Pentaclethra macrophylla Benth.
Family : Fabaceae
Symptoms : H(112)
Recipes : H(112) abortive effect; fruits, stembark. A handful of the stembark is boiled in 2 l of water and the solution is concentrated to 1 l. This is drunk, three cups thrice a day. It was reported that the effect is very painful accompanied by agonies.
Region : Central Africa
Country : Cameroon (Southern region of Sangmelima)
Vernacular name : ebae (Sangmelima, Ebolowa, Yaounde)
Persea americana Mill.
Official name : Persea americana Mill.
Family : Lauraceae
Symptoms : H(112)
Recipes : H(112) abortive .Three handfuls of leaves are boiled in 1 l of water, the liquid drunk, one cup thrice a day. It was reported that the effect involves abundant and painful bleeding
Region : Central Africa
Country : Cameroon (Southern region of Sangmelima)
Vernacular name : fia (Sangmelima, Yaounde)
Saccharum officinarum L.
Official name : Saccharum officinarum L.
Family : Poaceae
Symptoms : H(112)
Recipes : H(112) abortive , stem. The juice is sucked, which in large amounts increases the body's content of sucrose which is claimed to have a dilating action on the cervix. A report said that bleeding of the uterus started with pains and provoked disorders in the pregnancy condition, but the expulsion of the foetus is not a certainty. The patient is said to suffer intensely for many months with anemia and the risk of dying.
Region : Central Africa
Country : Cameroon (Southern region of Sangmelima)
Vernacular name : nkog (Sangmelima, Yaounde)