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Reference : HO 04

Author(s) : Obute, G. C.
Title : Ethnomedicinal plant resources of South Eastern Nigeria Leaflets Journal on WWW: http://www.siu.edu/~ebl/leaflets/
Reference HO 04 has information about 26 plants :
Aframomum melegueta (Roscoe) K.Schum.
Official name : Aframomum melegueta (Roscoe) K.Schum.
Family : Zingiberaceae
Symptoms : H(007), H(033), H(091), H(099), H(171)
Recipes : Wild or cultivated plant, H(007), H(091), H(171) stimulant, diuretic; crushed seeds mixed with crushed bitter kola and water extract of bitter leaf all mixed with proper amount of water is used to treat diabetes
H(099), Whole fruit eaten along with two moderately sized ginger cures beri beri
H(033) 1 whole pepper added to 3 seeds of ripe papaw, dried locus bean all ground to make soup is a remedy for female infertility.
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Southeastern)
Vernacular name : ose oji (Igbo), Alligator pepper (English)
Ageratum conyzoides L.
Official name : Ageratum conyzoides L.
Family : Asteraceae
Symptoms : H(001), H(004), H(006)
Recipes : Wild plant, H(006) an infusion is used a purgative
H(001), H(004), sap squeezed from the leaves is used to treat wounds and eye problems.
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Southeastern)
Vernacular name : ula njula, urata njele (Igbo), goat weed (English)
Alchornea cordifolia (Schum. & Thonn.) Müll. Arg.
Official name : Alchornea cordifolia (Schum. & Thonn.) Müll. Arg.
Family : Euphorbiaceae
Synonyms : Alchornea cordata Benth.
Symptoms : H(001), H(075)
Recipes : Alchornea cordifolia, wild plant, H(001) leaves are chewed or squeezed and drank to treat eye conditions
H(075) root epidermis is a good bitter.
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Southeastern)
Vernacular name : Christmas bush (English)
Allium sativum L.
Official name : Allium sativum L.
Family : Alliaceae
Symptoms : H(107)
Recipes : H(107) typhoid, the leaves are boiled in 2 L of water for 30 – 40 minutes with 25 whole limes (Citrus aurantiifolia), 2 grape fruits, 2 unripe papaw fruits (Carica papaya), and 2 unripe pineapples (Ananas comosus), cut garlic (Allium sativum) and the bark of Alstonia boonei and used to treat typhoid fever.
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Southeastern)
Vernacular name : garlic (English)
Alstonia congensis Engl.
Official name : Alstonia congensis Engl.
Family : Apocynaceae
Synonyms : Alstonia gilletii De Wild.
Symptoms : H(107)
Recipes : H(107) typhoid, the leaves are boiled in 2 L of water for 30 – 40 minutes with 25 whole limes (Citrus aurantiifolia), 2 grape fruits, 2 unripe papaw fruits (Carica papaya), and 2 unripe pineapples (Ananas comosus), cut garlic (Allium sativum) and the bark of Alstonia boonei and used to treat typhoid fever.
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Southeastern)
Vernacular name : not registered
Anacardium occidentale L.
Official name : Anacardium occidentale L.
Family : Anacardiaceae
Symptoms : H(007)
Recipes : Wild or cultivated plant,H(014), 1 – 2 drops of a tincture applied 4 – 5 times a day treats ringworm infection
H(007), the bark and leaves used as diuretic.
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Southeastern)
Vernacular name : kanshuu (Igbo), cashew (English)
Ananas sativus Lindl.
Official name : Ananas sativus Lindl.
Family : Bromeliaceae
Synonyms : Ananas comosus (L.) Merr.
Symptoms : H(107)
Recipes : H(107) typhoid, the leaves are boiled in 2 L of water for 30 – 40 minutes with 25 whole limes (Citrus aurantiifolia), 2 grape fruits, 2 unripe papaw fruits (Carica papaya), and 2 unripe pineapples (Ananas comosus), cut garlic (Allium sativum) and the bark of Alstonia boonei and used to treat typhoid fever.
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Southeastern)
Vernacular name : pineapple (English)
Azadirachta indica A. Juss.
Official name : Azadirachta indica A. Juss.
Family : Meliaceae
Synonyms : Melia azadirachta L.
Symptoms : H(001), H(004), H(013), H(046), H(051), H(053), H(068), H(103)
Recipes : Cultivated plant, H(046), drinking or bathing with leaf decoction or infusion is a remedy for chicken pox and small pox
H(004),H(013) , H(051), H(068), paludism boiling leaves with lemon grass treats paludism, used as a vermifuge, remedy for ulcers and wounds
H(001), H(053), juice squeezed from leaves with a little water is used as an eye drop but if mixed with pure honey is good for ear ailments
H(103), twig chewed as a relief for toothache
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Southeastern)
Vernacular name : dogoyaro (Igbo), neem (English)
Carica papaya L.
Official name : Carica papaya L.
Family : Caricaceae
Symptoms : H(004), H(007), H(014), H(051), H(068), H(107)
Recipes : Wild or cultivated plant of Carica papaya, H(007), unripe fruit mixed with garlic and fermented for 3 days is used as a diuretic.
H(051) paludism Chewing a handful of seeds morning and evening and ad decoction of unripe papaw with unripe pineapple, lime, 10cm long sugar cane piece, 6 bags of Lipton tea in 4 liters of water has antipaludisml effects
H(004),H(014), H(068), Sap from unripe fruit or trunk is used to treat eczema, razor bumps and nematode infestations.
H(107) typhoid, the leaves are boiled in 2 L of water for 30 – 40 minutes with 25 whole limes (Citrus aurantiifolia), 2 grape fruits, 2 unripe papaw fruits (Carica papaya), and 2 unripe pineapples (Ananas comosus), cut garlic (Allium sativum) and the bark of Alstonia boonei and used to treat typhoid fever.
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Southeastern)
Vernacular name : okpurukwa (Igbo), papaya, papaw (English)
Citrus aurantiifolia (Christm.) Swingle
Official name : Citrus aurantiifolia (Christm.) Swingle
Family : Rutaceae
Symptoms : H(008), H(051), H(104), H(097y)
Recipes : Cultivated plant, H(008) + H(104), H(051), H(097y), local application with honey to cure catarrh, juice used to treat stomachache and feverish conditions.
H(107) typhoid, the leaves are boiled in 2 L of water for 30 – 40 minutes with 25 whole limes (Citrus aurantiifolia), 2 grape fruits, 2 unripe papaw fruits (Carica papaya), and 2 unripe pineapples (Ananas comosus), cut garlic (Allium sativum) and the bark of Alstonia boonei and used to treat typhoid fever.
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Southeastern)
Vernacular name : oroma nkirisi (Igbo), lime (English)
Citrus limon (L.) Burm. f.
Official name : Citrus limon (L.) Burm. f.
Family : Rutaceae
Synonyms : Citrus limonum Risso
Symptoms : H(004), H(008), H(014), H(058)
Recipes : Cultivated plant, IH(008), H(008) + H(104), H(058), infusion of the rind prepared in alcohol is used for digestive disorders, juice used to treat diarrhea, ulcers, excessive weight gain
H(004),H(014), Diluted juice used to treat spots, scabs, wounds scars and insect bites.
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Southeastern)
Vernacular name : lemonu (Igbo), lemon (English)
Cymbopogon citratus (DC.) Stapf
Official name : Cymbopogon citratus (DC.) Stapf
Family : Poaceae
Symptoms : H(007), H(045), H(088), H(107)
Recipes : Cymbopogon citratus cultivated plant, used as an H(088) astringent, H(007) diuretic and H(045) antiseptic
H(107) typhoid, the leaves are boiled in 2 L of water for 30 – 40 minutes with 25 whole limes (Citrus aurantiifolia), 2 grape fruits, 2 unripe papaw fruits (Carica papaya), and 2 unripe pineapples (Ananas comosus), cut garlic (Allium sativum) and the bark of Alstonia boonei and used to treat typhoid fever.
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Southeastern)
Vernacular name : lemon grass (English)
Diodia scandens Sw.
Official name : Diodia scandens Sw.
Family : Rubiaceae
Symptoms : H(027y), H(068)
Recipes : Wild plant, H(068), used with Napoleona imperialis as a vermifuge for children
H(027y), an infusion of the same combination used for pregnant women and afterbirth treatment to clear the womb.
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Southeastern)
Vernacular name : onaedi (Igbo)
Elaeis guineensis Jacq.
Official name : Elaeis guineensis Jacq.
Family : Palmae
Symptoms : H(013), H(093)
Recipes : Wild or cultivated plant; H(093), oil from the seeds is administered as an antidote for poisons
H(013) , Oil from the kernel used to treat several skin ailments and convulsion in children
H(013) , Unripe kernel is believed to prevent fibroids when at least 25 – 30 nuts are chewed every day for 12 weeks.
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Southeastern)
Vernacular name : nkwu, akwu (Igbo), oil palm tree (English)
Eleusine indica (L.) Gaertn.
Official name : Eleusine indica (L.) Gaertn.
Family : Poaceae
Symptoms : H(113), H(157)
Recipes : Wild plant, H(113), H(157) childeren, used as an anti-inflammatory, and for convulsion in children.
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Southeastern)
Vernacular name : ichite (Igbo), goosegrass, wiregrass (English)
Euphorbia hirta L.
Official name : Euphorbia hirta L.
Family : Euphorbiaceae
Synonyms : Euphorbia pilulifera var. procumbens Boiss. , Euphorbia hirta var. procumbens Br. , Chamaesyce hirta (L.) Millsp.
Symptoms : H(014), H(082), H(097y), H(199)
Recipes : Wild plant, H(082), H(097y), leaves used to treat asthma and catarrh
H(014), external application for treatment of eczema
H(199), speculated to be a cure for aids since it stimulates the immune system.
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Southeastern)
Vernacular name : ogwu asma, ahihia ugwa (Igbo), australian asthma plant, garden spurge, spurge weed (English)
Harungana madagascariensis Lam. ex Poir.
Official name : Harungana madagascariensis Lam. ex Poir.
Family : Hypericaceae
Symptoms : H(014), H(173)
Recipes : Wild plant,H(014), H(173), gummy sap is applied locally to treat skin diseases like itches and leprous spots.
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Southeastern)
Vernacular name : otori (Igbo)
Mangifera indica L.
Official name : Mangifera indica L.
Family : Anacardiaceae
Symptoms : H(051), H(107)
Recipes : Wild or cultivated plant, H(051) paludism boiling of leaves in water and drinking the resultant solution is a cure for paludism
H(107), Bark is soaked for 24huors and the water extract is used, along with bathing with this 3x a day, to treat typhoid fever.
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Southeastern)
Vernacular name : mangoro (Igbo), mango (English)
Manihot esculenta Crantz
Official name : Manihot esculenta Crantz
Family : Euphorbiaceae
Synonyms : Manihot utilissima Pohl
Symptoms : H(001)
Recipes : Cultivated plant, (001), premature roots are used to treat eye problems.
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Southeastern)
Vernacular name : akpu, jigbo, ugboro, jiaphu (Igbo), cassava (English)
Newbouldia laevis (P.Beauv.) Seemann ex Bureau
Official name : Newbouldia laevis (P.Beauv.) Seemann ex Bureau
Family : Bignoniaceae
Symptoms : H(001), H(004), H(006)
Recipes : H(001), Wild or cultivated plant, Leaves are squeezed and the extract use to treat eye problems
H(004), H(006),H(022), Roots, barks and leaves are used during childbirth, constipation and on septic wounds.
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Southeastern)
Vernacular name : ogirisi (Igbo), smooth Newbouldia (English)
Ocimum gratissimum L.
Official name : Ocimum gratissimum L.
Family : Lamiaceae
Symptoms : H(006), H(068), H(171)
Recipes : H(006), H(068), Cultivated, A glass of leaf extract taken before a meal is a remedy for constipation as well as worms in the GIT
H(171), as treatment for diabetes mellitus, the same amount of O. gratissimum leaves and mistletoe Viscum album in water taken a glass 3x daily until the symptoms disappear.
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Southeastern)
Vernacular name : nchuanwu (Igbo), tea bush, scent leaf (English)
Piper nigrum L.
Official name : Piper nigrum L.
Family : Piperaceae
Symptoms : H(027y)
Recipes : Piper nigrum wild plant, H(027y) used to stabilize the womb in women after birth.
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Southeastern)
Vernacular name : uziza (Igbo)
Psidium guajava L.
Official name : Psidium guajava L.
Family : Myrtaceae
Symptoms : H(008), H(091), H(191)
Recipes : Wild plant, H(091), H(191), leaves are soaked in salt water washed and squeezed and product made up with fresh water to give a greenish liquid that is taken one glass 2x daily for one week to increase blood level
H(008), a decoction of 50g of the leaves and bark of the root is made in one liter of water and taken a glass every 4 hours to cure diarrhea and dysentery.
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Southeastern)
Vernacular name : gova (Igbo), guava (English)
Ricinus communis L.
Official name : Ricinus communis L.
Family : Euphorbiaceae
Symptoms : H(006)
Recipes : H(006),H(014), Wild or cultivated plant, 5-10 gr. and 15 – 30 gr of oil used as a purgative for children and adults respectively. External application of oil is used to treat skin infections.
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Southeastern)
Vernacular name : castor bean (English)
Sida acuta Burm. f.
Official name : Sida acuta Burm. f.
Family : Malvaceae
Synonyms : Sida carpinifolia L.f. , Sida stipulata Cav.
Symptoms : H(051)
Recipes : H(051) paludism Wild plant, The stem is used to treat paludism
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Southeastern)
Vernacular name : udo, nsi inyinya (Igbo), broom weed (English)
Vernonia amygdalina Delile
Official name : Vernonia amygdalina Delile
Family : Asteraceae
Synonyms : Vernonia senegalensis A. Chev. , Gymnanthemum amygdalinum (Delile) Sch. Bip. Ex Walp.
Symptoms : H(008), H(014), H(046), H(094)
Recipes : Cultivated plant, H(046), squeezing the leaves and mixing the product with palm wine and rubbing the body down together with drinking a glass daily cures measles, small pox and chicken pox
H(094), if mixed with lime and orange juice and taken for a fortnight is a cure for pile
H(008), root epidermis is used to treat diarrhea
H(014), the sap from the leaf is an antifungal agent.
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Southeastern)
Vernacular name : onugbu (Igbo), bitter leaf (English)