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Reference : HO 20

Author(s) : Olowokudejo J. D., A. B. Kadiri, V.A. Travih
Title : An Ethnobotanical Survey of Herbal Markets and Medicinal Plants in Lagos State of Nigeria Ethnobotanical Leaflets 12: 851-65. 2008. http://www.ethnoleaflets.com/leaflets/lagos.htm
Reference HO 20 has information about 144 plants :
Abrus precatorius L.
Official name : Abrus precatorius L.
Family : Fabaceae
Symptoms : H(001), H(013), H(033z), H(037), H(091), H(113), H(139), H(157)
Recipes : H(001) conjuctivitis,H(013) ulcer, H(033z) contraceptive,H(037) cough, H(091) anaemia, H(108) cold, H(113) rheumatism, H(139) aphrodisiac, H(157) convulsion, root, leaves, seeds.of Abrus precatorius, RNS. (Information obtained from herb sellers and traditional medicine practitioners from three popular and largest markets in Lagos)
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Local markets in Lagos state)
Vernacular name : oju-ologbo (Yoruba)
Abutilon mauritianum (Jacq.) Medik.
Official name : Abutilon mauritianum (Jacq.) Medik.
Family : Malvaceae
Symptoms : H(008), H(037), H(051), H(094), H(100)
Recipes : H(008) diarrhoea,H(037) cough, H(051) antipyretic, H(094) pile, H(100) gonorrhoea, leaves, root of Abutilon mauritianum, RNS. (Information obtained from herb sellers and traditional medicine practitioners from three popular and largest markets in Lagos)
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Local markets in Lagos state)
Vernacular name : furu (Yoruba)
Acacia ataxacantha DC.
Official name : Acacia ataxacantha DC.
Family : Fabaceae
Symptoms : H(008), H(109)
Recipes : H(008) dysentery, H(109) backache, young leaves of Acacia ataxacantha, RNS. (Information obtained from herb sellers and traditional medicine practitioners from three popular and largest markets in Lagos)
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Local markets in Lagos state)
Vernacular name : ihun, ewon adele
Acacia nilotica (L.) Willd. ex Delile
Official name : Acacia nilotica (L.) Willd. ex Delile
Family : Fabaceae
Synonyms : Acacia scorpioides (L.) W.F. Wight
Symptoms : H(098), H(193)
Recipes : H(028t) leucorrhoea, root of Croton zambesicus, 3 seeds of Garcinia cola, Acacia nilotica leaves, 3 seeds of Aframomum melegueta, leaves of Mimosa pudica and small quantity of potash are ground together, and taken with cold pap. (Information obtained from herb sellers and traditional medicine practitioners from three popular and largest markets in Lagos)
H(013) fungal infections,H(013) skin diseases, H(098) insomnia, H(193) emollient, fruits, bark, exudate of Acacia nilotica, RNS. (Information obtained from herb sellers and traditional medicine practitioners from three popular and largest markets in Lagos)
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Local markets in Lagos state)
Vernacular name : baani, booni (Yoruba)
Acalypha wilkesiana Müll. Arg.
Official name : Acalypha wilkesiana Müll. Arg.
Family : Euphorbiaceae
Symptoms : H(006), H(013), H(050), H(200)
Recipes : H(006) constipation,H(013) skin rashes, flatulence, H(200) antimicrobial, leaves, twigs of Acalypha wilkesiana, RNS. (Information obtained from herb sellers and traditional medicine practitioners from three popular and largest markets in Lagos)
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Local markets in Lagos state)
Vernacular name : jiwini, ewe larapupa
Acanthospermum hispidum DC.
Official name : Acanthospermum hispidum DC.
Family : Asteraceae
Symptoms : H(006), H(018), H(037), H(051x), H(113)
Recipes : H(006) purgative, H(018) migraine, lH(037) tuberculosis,H(037) cough, H(051x) yellow fever, H(113) rheumatism, leaves, whole plant of Acanthospermum hispidum, RNS. (Information obtained from herb sellers and traditional medicine practitioners from three popular and largest markets in Lagos)
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Local markets in Lagos state)
Vernacular name : dagunro (Yoruba)
Acanthus montanus (Nees) T. Anderson
Official name : Acanthus montanus (Nees) T. Anderson
Family : Acanthaceae
Symptoms : H(006), H(013), H(037), H(028t), H(055), H(068), H(091)
Recipes : H(100) syphilis,H(037) cough, H(028t) urethral, discharge,H(013)H(013) boils, H(091) anaemia; H(006) purgative, H(055) emetic, H(068) antihelmintic, stem-twig, leaves, roots, Acanthus montanus, RNS. (Information obtained from herb sellers and traditional medicine practitioners from three popular and largest markets in Lagos)
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Local markets in Lagos state)
Vernacular name : ahon-ekun, irunmu arugbo
Adansonia digitata L.
Official name : Adansonia digitata L.
Family : Bombacaceae
Synonyms : Adansonia sphaerocarpa A.Chev.
Symptoms : H(008), H(013), H(051), H(082), H(103), H(162y), H(179), H(200)
Recipes : H(008) diarrhoea,H(013) skin diseases, H(051) paludism, H(082) asthma, H(103) caries, H(179) kidney and H(162y) bladder diseases, H(200) antimicrobial, prophylactic, leaves, fruit pulp, bark of Adansonia digitata, RNS. (Information obtained from herb sellers and traditional medicine practitioners from three popular and largest markets in Lagos)
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Local markets in Lagos state)
Vernacular name : ose (Yoruba)
Aerva lanata (L.) Juss. ex Schult.
Official name : Aerva lanata (L.) Juss. ex Schult.
Family : Amaranthaceae
Symptoms : H(004), H(006), H(007), H(013), H(020), H(068), H(179)
Recipes : H(004) wound,H(013) ulcer, H(020) snake bite, H(179) kidney and bladder stones sore; H(007) diuretic, H(006) purgative, H(068) antihelmintic, whole plants of Aerva lanata, RNS. (Information obtained from herb sellers and traditional medicine practitioners from three popular and largest markets in Lagos)
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Local markets in Lagos state)
Vernacular name : efun-ile
Aframomum melegueta (Roscoe) K.Schum.
Official name : Aframomum melegueta (Roscoe) K.Schum.
Family : Zingiberaceae
Symptoms : H(006), H(007), H(037), H(051), H(100), H(103), H(113), H(135), H(200)
Recipes : H(004) wound,H(037) cough, H(046) chicken-pox, H(046) measles, H(051) paludism, H(091) anaemia, H(091) stimulant, H(103) toothache, H(113) rheumatism, H(143) smallpox, leaves, seeds of Aframomum melegueta, RNS.
H(028t) leucorrhoea, root of Croton zambesicus, 3 seeds of Garcinia cola, Acacia nilotica leaves, 3 seeds of Aframomum melegueta, leaves of Mimosa pudica and small quantity of potash are ground together, and taken with cold pap. (Information obtained from herb sellers and traditional medicine practitioners from three popular and largest markets in Lagos)
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Local markets in Lagos state)
Vernacular name : atare (Yoruba)
Afzelia africana Smith ex Pers.
Official name : Afzelia africana Smith ex Pers.
Family : Fabaceae
Symptoms : H(051), H(055), H(100), H(104), H(109), H(169)
Recipes : H(051) febrifuge, H(055) antiemetic, H(100) gonorrhoea, H(104) stomach disorders, H(109) lumbago, H(169) hernia, , root, leaves, stem bark, seeds of Afzelia africanai, RNS. (Information obtained from herb sellers and traditional medicine practitioners from three popular and largest markets in Lagos)
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Local markets in Lagos state)
Vernacular name : apa-igbo (Yoruba)
Ageratum conyzoides L.
Official name : Ageratum conyzoides L.
Family : Asteraceae
Symptoms : H(001), H(004), H(008), H(013), H(055), H(068), H(100), H(135)
Recipes : H(001) eye wash, H(004) wound, H(008) diarrhoea,H(013) skin diseases,H(013) ulcer, H(055) emetic, H(068) craw-craw, H(100) gonorrhoea, H(135) digestive disturbance, whole plant, leaves, roots of Ageratum conyzoides, RNS. (Information obtained from herb sellers and traditional medicine practitioners from three popular and largest markets in Lagos)
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Local markets in Lagos state)
Vernacular name : imi-esu (Yoruba)
Alafia barteri Oliv.
Official name : Alafia barteri Oliv.
Family : Apocynaceae
Symptoms : H(103), H(113)
Recipes : H(001) of the eye infection, H(091) sickle cell, H(091) anaemia, H(113) rheumatic pains, H(103) toothache, roots, leaves of Alafia barteri, RNS. (Information obtained from herb sellers and traditional medicine practitioners from three popular and largest markets in Lagos)
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Local markets in Lagos state)
Vernacular name : agbari etu
Alchornea cordifolia (Schum. & Thonn.) Müll. Arg.
Official name : Alchornea cordifolia (Schum. & Thonn.) Müll. Arg.
Family : Euphorbiaceae
Synonyms : Alchornea cordata Benth.
Symptoms : H(006), H(007), H(037), H(051), H(100), H(103), H(113), H(135), H(200)
Recipes : H(006) purgative, H(007) diuretic,H(037) cough, H(051) fever, H(100) gonorrhoea, H(103) toothache, H(113) rheumatism, H(200) antimicrobial, leaves, stem-bark, twig.of Alchornea cordifoliai, RNS.
H(135) coated tongue (digestion troubles ?), bark of Costus afer, bark of Khaya grandifoliola, bark of Bridelia, ferruginea, fruit of Alchornea cordifolia, bark of Bridelia micrantha, bark of Pycnanthus angolensis, sulphur, and lime water all poured into a container. One tablespoon of the extract to be taken before breakfast. (Information obtained from herb sellers and traditional medicine practitioners from three popular and largest markets in Lagos)
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Local markets in Lagos state)
Vernacular name : ipa (Yoruba)
Allanblackia floribunda Oliv.
Official name : Allanblackia floribunda Oliv.
Family : Clusiaceae
Symptoms : H(008), H(046), H(051), H(103), H(143)
Recipes : H(008) dysentery, H(046) chicken-pox, H(046) measles, H(051) paludism, H(103) toothache, H(143) smallpox, root, leaves, stem-bark, fruit of Allanblackia floribunda, RNS. (Information obtained from herb sellers and traditional medicine practitioners from three popular and largest markets in Lagos)
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Local markets in Lagos state)
Vernacular name : eku, eso roro
Allium ascalonicum L.
Official name : Allium ascalonicum L.
Family : Alliaceae
Symptoms : H(008), H(157), H(028t), H(033x)
Recipes : H(008) dysentery, H(157) convulsion, leaves, bulb of Allium ascalonicumi, RNS.
H(028t) leucorrhoea, Root of Glyphea brevis, root and leaves of Senna podocarpa, Senna alata, Allium ascalonicum and potash are put together into a container, and hot water poured on the mixture. The recipe is left till the next day. One glass cup to be taken every morning before breakfast for 3 days.
H(033x) the preparation is also suitable for seminal discharge in men. (Information obtained from herb sellers and traditional medicine practitioners from three popular and largest markets in Lagos)
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Local markets in Lagos state)
Vernacular name : alubosa elewe
Allium sativum L.
Official name : Allium sativum L.
Family : Alliaceae
Symptoms : H(007), H(037), H(051), H(082), H(151), H(200)
Recipes : H(007) diuretic, vH(037) cough, H(051) fever, H(051) paludism, H(082) asthma, H(151) hypertension, H(200) antibiotic, bulb of Allium sativum, RNS. (Information obtained from herb sellers and traditional medicine practitioners from three popular and largest markets in Lagos)
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Local markets in Lagos state)
Vernacular name : ayu (Yoruba)
Aloe barteri Bak.
Official name : Aloe barteri Bak.
Family : Asphodelaceae
Synonyms : Aloe buettneri A. Berger
Symptoms : H(013), H(014), H(037), H(068), H(088), H(094), H(116), H(139)
Recipes : H(013) skin infection,H(014) ringworm,H(037) cough, H(068) antihelmintic, H(088) astringent, H(094) pile; H(116) amenorrhoea, H(139) aphrodisiac, leaves of Aloe barteri, RNS. (Information obtained from herb sellers and traditional medicine practitioners from three popular and largest markets i
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Local markets in Lagos state)
Vernacular name : eti-erin, ida-egun, ida-orisa (Yoruba)
Aloe vera (L.) Burm.f.
Official name : Aloe vera (L.) Burm.f.
Family : Asphodelaceae
Synonyms : Aloe vulgaris Lam.
Symptoms : H(004), H(006), H(013), H(056), H(116), H(171), H(200)
Recipes : H(004) wound, H(006) purgative,H(013) skin diseases, H(056) guineaworm, H(116) amenorrhoea, H(171) diabetes, H(200) immunity, leaf juice of Aloe vera, RNS. (Information obtained from herb sellers and traditional medicine practitioners from three popular and largest markets i
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Local markets in Lagos state)
Vernacular name : ahon-erin (Yoruba)
Alstonia boonei De Wild
Official name : Alstonia boonei De Wild
Family : Apocynaceae
Symptoms : H(135)
Recipes : H(135) coated tongue (digestion troubles ?), bark of Khaya ivorensis, bark of Pycnanthus angolensis, bark of Hymenocardia acida, bark of Bridelia ferruginea, bark and root of Rauvolfia vomitoria, bark of Alstonia boonei, twigs of Citrus medica, bark of Enantia chlorantha, bark of Melicia excelsa are all cooked and the decoction to be taken. (Information obtained from herb sellers and traditional medicine practitioners from three popular and largest markets in Lagos)
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Local markets in Lagos state)
Vernacular name : not registered
Alstonia congensis Engl.
Official name : Alstonia congensis Engl.
Family : Apocynaceae
Synonyms : Alstonia gilletii De Wild.
Symptoms : H(051), H(088), H(103)
Recipes : H(051) fevers, a decoction of the root of Sphenocentrum jollyanum, Zingiber officinale, bark of Khaya grandifoliola, root and bark of Rauvolfia vomitoria, bark of Alstomia congensis, root and bark of Senna sceptabilis, root of Zanthoxylum zanthoxyloides, leaves of Ocimum basilicum and sp is taken for fever
H(088) astringent, H(103) toothache;bark of Alstonia congensis , RNS. (Information obtained from herb sellers and traditional medicine practitioners from three popular and largest markets in Lagos)
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Local markets in Lagos state)
Vernacular name : ahun (Yoruba)
Alternanthera sessilis (L.) R. Br. ex DC.
Official name : Alternanthera sessilis (L.) R. Br. ex DC.
Family : Amaranthaceae
Symptoms : H(013), H(018), H(020), H(088), H(093), H(200)
Recipes : H(013) boil, H(018) headache, H(020) snake bite, H(088) astringent, H(093)antidote, H(200)antibacterial, whole plant, leaves of Alternanthera sessilis, RNS. (Information obtained from herb sellers and traditional medicine practitioners from three popular and largest markets in Lagos)
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Local markets in Lagos state)
Vernacular name : reku-reku
Anacardium occidentale L.
Official name : Anacardium occidentale L.
Family : Anacardiaceae
Symptoms : H(014), H(051), H(068), H(103), H(107), H(161), H(171), H(172), H(173), H(196)
Recipes : H(014) ringworm, H(051) paludism, H(068) antihelmintic, H(103) caries; H(107) typhoid fever, H(161) warts, H(171) diabetes, H(172) elephantiasis, H(173) leprosy, H(196) scurvy, bark, leaf, fruit of Anacardium occidentale, RNS. (Information obtained from herb sellers and traditional medicine practitioners from three popular and largest markets in Lagos)
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Local markets in Lagos state)
Vernacular name : kasu (Yoruba)
Anthocleista djalonensis A.Chev.
Official name : Anthocleista djalonensis A.Chev.
Family : Gentianaceae
Symptoms : H(006), H(171)
Recipes : H(013) skin diseases- rashes and eczema, H(171) diabetes, impotence, abdominal pain; H(051) antipyretic, H(006) purgative, bark, leaves of Anthocleista djalonensis, RNS. (Information obtained from herb sellers and traditional medicine practitioners from three popular and largest markets in Lagos)
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Local markets in Lagos state)
Vernacular name : sapo, shapo
Anthocleista liebrechtsiana De Wild. & T. Durand
Official name : Anthocleista liebrechtsiana De Wild. & T. Durand
Family : Gentianaceae
Symptoms : H(006), H(013), H(200)
Recipes : H(013) skin infection; H(006) purgative, H(200) antimicrobial, bark, leaves of Anthocleista liebrechtsiana, RNS. (Information obtained from herb sellers and traditional medicine practitioners from three popular and largest markets in Lagos)
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Local markets in Lagos state)
Vernacular name : sapo, shapo
Arachis hypogaea L.
Official name : Arachis hypogaea L.
Family : Fabaceae
Symptoms : H(098), H(200)
Recipes : H(098) insomnia, H(200) antimicrobial, nuts of Arachis hypogaea, RNS. (Information obtained from herb sellers and traditional medicine practitioners from three popular and largest markets in Lagos)
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Local markets in Lagos state)
Vernacular name : epa (Yoruba)
Argemone mexicana L.
Official name : Argemone mexicana L.
Family : Papaveraceae
Symptoms : H(007), H(013), H(068), H(100), H(126)
Recipes : H(007) diuretic,H(013) abscesses,H(013) skin diseases, H(068) taeniacide, H(100) gonorrhoea, H(100) blennorrhoea, H(126) jaundice, whole plant, latex, roots of Argemone mexicana, RNS. (Information obtained from herb sellers and traditional medicine practitioners from three popular and largest markets in Lagos)
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Local markets in Lagos state)
Vernacular name : egun arugbo, ekan-ekun (Yoruba)
Artocarpus altilis (Parkinson) Fosberg
Official name : Artocarpus altilis (Parkinson) Fosberg
Family : Moraceae
Symptoms : H(051), H(088), H(099)
Recipes : H(051) fever, H(088) astringent, H(099) sedative, root, fruit.of Artocarpus altilis, RNS. (Information obtained from herb sellers and traditional medicine practitioners from three popular and largest markets in Lagos)
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Local markets in Lagos state)
Vernacular name : berefurutu
Aspilia africana (Pers.) C.A. Adams
Official name : Aspilia africana (Pers.) C.A. Adams
Family : Asteraceae
Synonyms : Aspilia latifolia Oliv. & Hiern
Symptoms : H(001), H(013), H(037), H(056), H(099), H(100), H(104), H(124), H(202)
Recipes : H(001) corneal opacities,H(013) skin rashes,H(037) tuberculosis, H(056) guinea worm, H(099) nervous disorders, H(100) gonorrhoea, H(104) stomach disorders, H(124) haemostatic, H(202) cleaning sores, leaves, flowers, RNS. (Information obtained from herb sellers and traditional medicine practitioners from three popular and largest markets in Lagos)
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Local markets in Lagos state)
Vernacular name : yunyun (Yoruba)
Azadirachta indica A. Juss.
Official name : Azadirachta indica A. Juss.
Family : Meliaceae
Synonyms : Melia azadirachta L.
Symptoms : H(006), H(014), H(051), H(055), H(100), H(118), H(126)
Recipes : H(006) laxative,H(014) eczema,H(014) ringworm, H(051) paludism, H(055) emetic, H(100) syphilis, H(118) sore throat, H(126) jaundice, leaves, stem-bark, fruits of Azadirachta indica, RNS. (Information obtained from herb sellers and traditional medicine practitioners from three popular and largest markets in Lagos)
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Local markets in Lagos state)
Vernacular name : dongoyaro (Hausa)
Bambusa vulgaris Schrad. ex J.C. Wendl.
Official name : Bambusa vulgaris Schrad. ex J.C. Wendl.
Family : Poaceae
Symptoms : H(068), H(100), H(112), H(116)
Recipes : H(068) antihelmintic, H(100) gonorrhoea, H(112) abortifacient, H(116) emmenagogue, leaves, young shoot of Bambusa vulgaris, RNS. (Information obtained from herb sellers and traditional medicine practitioners from three popular and largest markets in Lagos)
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Local markets in Lagos state)
Vernacular name : oparun
Baphia nitida Lodd.
Official name : Baphia nitida Lodd.
Family : Fabaceae
Symptoms : H(006), H(013), H(014), H(143)
Recipes : H(006) constipation,H(013) skin diseases, H(100) venereal diseases,H(014) ringworm, enema, H(050) flatulent, H(143) smallpox, leaves, bark, root, twig of Baphia nitida, RNS. (Information obtained from herb sellers and traditional medicine practitioners from three popular and largest markets in Lagos)
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Local markets in Lagos state)
Vernacular name : osun, irosun
Basella alba L.
Official name : Basella alba L.
Family : Basellaceae
Synonyms : Basella rubra L.
Symptoms : H(151)
Recipes : H(151) hypertension, leaves of Persea americana are made into shreds, dried and taken as infusion. Leaves of Talinum triangulare or Basella alba may also be used. (Information obtained from herb sellers and traditional medicine practitioners from three popular and largest markets in Lagos)
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Local markets in Lagos state)
Vernacular name : not communicated by the authors
Boerhavia diffusa L.
Official name : Boerhavia diffusa L.
Family : Nyctaginaceae
Symptoms : H(007), H(013), H(014), H(037), H(082), H(100), H(126), H(131), H(143)
Recipes : H(007) diuretic,H(013) skin diseases,H(014) scabies,H(037) cough, H(082) asthma, H(100) gonorrhoea, H(126) jaundice, H(131) yaws, H(143) smallpox, whole herb of Boerhavia diffusa , RNS. (Information obtained from herb sellers and traditional medicine practitioners from three popular and largest markets in Lagos)
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Local markets in Lagos state)
Vernacular name : etiponla, olowojeja (Yoruba)
Borreria verticillata (L.) G. F. W. Mey.
Official name : Borreria verticillata (L.) G. F. W. Mey.
Family : Rubiaceae
Synonyms : Spermacoce verticillata L.
Symptoms : H(007), H(008), H(013), H(068), H(100), H(112), H(173)
Recipes : H(007) diuretic, H(008) dysentery,H(013) skin diseases, H(068) bilharziosis, H(100) gonorrhoea, H(112) abortifacient, H(173) leprosy, leaves, root, whole plant of Borreria verticillata, RNS. (Information obtained from herb sellers and traditional medicine practitioners from three popular and largest markets in Lagos)
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Local markets in Lagos state)
Vernacular name : irawo ile (Yoruba)
Bridelia ferruginea Benth.
Official name : Bridelia ferruginea Benth.
Family : Phyllanthaceae
Symptoms : H(135)
Recipes : H(135) coated tongue (digestion troubles ?), bark of Khaya ivorensis, bark of Pycnanthus angolensis, bark of Hymenocardia acida, bark of Bridelia ferruginea, bark and root of Rauvolfia vomitoria, bark of Alstonia boonei, twigs of Citrus medica, bark of Enantia chlorantha, bark of Melicia excelsa are all cooked and the decoction to be taken.
H(135) coated tongue (digestion troubles ?), bark of Costus afer, bark of Khaya grandifoliola, bark of Bridelia, ferruginea, fruit of Alchornea cordifolia, bark of Bridelia micrantha, bark of Pycnanthus angolensis, sulphur, and lime water all poured into a container. One tablespoon of the extract to be taken before breakfast. (Information obtained from herb sellers and traditional medicine practitioners from three popular and largest markets in Lagos)
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Local markets in Lagos state)
Vernacular name : not communicated by the authors
Bridelia micrantha (Hochst.) Baillon
Official name : Bridelia micrantha (Hochst.) Baillon
Family : Phyllanthaceae
Symptoms : H(135)
Recipes : H(135) coated tongue (digestion troubles ?), bark of Costus afer, bark of Khaya grandifoliola, bark of Bridelia, ferruginea, fruit of Alchornea cordifolia, bark of Bridelia micrantha, bark of Pycnanthus angolensis, sulphur, and lime water all poured into a container. One tablespoon of the extract to be taken before breakfast. (Information obtained from herb sellers and traditional medicine practitioners from three popular and largest markets in Lagos)
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Local markets in Lagos state)
Vernacular name : not communicated by the authors
Bryophyllum pinnatum (Lam.) Kurz
Official name : Bryophyllum pinnatum (Lam.) Kurz
Family : Crassulaceae
Synonyms : Kalanchoe pinnata (Lam.) Pers.
Symptoms : H(004), H(007), H(008), H(014), H(037), H(051), H(078), H(099), H(200)
Recipes : H(004) wound, H(007) diuretic, H(008) diarrhoea, H(008) dysentery,H(014) antifungal,H(037) cough, H(051) fever, H(078) anticancer, H(099) epilepsy, H(099) sedative, H(200) antimicrobial, leaves, roots, leaf sap of Lactuca capensis, RNS. (Information obtained from herb sellers and traditional medicine practitioners from three popular and largest markets in Lagos)
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Local markets in Lagos state)
Vernacular name : abamoda (Yoruba)
Butyrospermum paradoxum (Gaertner f.) Hepper
Official name : Butyrospermum paradoxum (Gaertner f.) Hepper
Family : Sapotaceae
Symptoms : H(007), H(037), H(068), H(097y), H(151)
Recipes : H(007) diuretic,H(037) nasal decongestion, H(068) antihelmintic, H(097y) catarrh, H(151) hypertension, seeds of Butryospermum paradoxum, RNS. (Information obtained from herb sellers and traditional medicine practitioners from three popular and largest markets in Lagos)
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Local markets in Lagos state)
Vernacular name : ori (Yoruba)
Byrsocarpus coccineus Schum. and Thonn
Official name : Byrsocarpus coccineus Schum. and Thonn
Family : Connaraceae
Symptoms : H(078), H(094), H(100), H(126), H(139)
Recipes : H(126) jaundice, H(094) pile, H(100) gonorrhoea, H(100) venereal diseases, impotence, H(078) antitumor, root, leaves of Brysocarpus coccineus, RNS. (Information obtained from herb sellers and traditional medicine practitioners from three popular and largest markets in Lagos)
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Local markets in Lagos state)
Vernacular name : amuje wewe
Caesalpinia pulcherrima (L.) Sw.
Official name : Caesalpinia pulcherrima (L.) Sw.
Family : Fabaceae
Symptoms : H(006), H(112), H(116), H(193)
Recipes : H(006) purgative, H(193) emollient, H(112) abortifacient, H(116) emmenagogue, bark, leaves of Caesalpinia pulcherimai, RNS. (Information obtained from herb sellers and traditional medicine practitioners from three popular and largest markets in Lagos)
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Local markets in Lagos state)
Vernacular name : eko-omode
Calendula officinalis L.
Official name : Calendula officinalis L.
Family : Asteraceae
Symptoms : H(013), H(088)
Recipes : H(013) ulcer, H(088) astringent, , root, leaves of Calendula officinalis, RNS. (Information obtained from herb sellers and traditional medicine practitioners from three popular and largest markets in Lagos)
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Local markets in Lagos state)
Vernacular name : ododo-maria
Calotropis procera (Aiton) W.T.Aiton
Official name : Calotropis procera (Aiton) W.T.Aiton
Family : Apocynaceae
Synonyms : Asclepias procera Aiton
Symptoms : H(008), H(014), H(037), H(051), H(055), H(082), H(112), H(157), H(172), H(173)
Recipes : H(008) diarrhoea, H(008) dysentery,H(014) ringworm,H(014) chronic eczema,H(037) cough, H(051) antipyretic, H(055) emetic, H(082) asthma, H(172) elephantiasis, H(173) leprosy, H(125) diaphoretic, H(112) abortifacient, H(157) convulsion, leaves, root, bark, latex of Calotropis procera, RNS. (Information obtained from herb sellers and traditional medicine practitioners from three popular and largest markets in Lagos)
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Local markets in Lagos state)
Vernacular name : bomubomu (Yoruba)
Canarium schweinfurthii Engl.
Official name : Canarium schweinfurthii Engl.
Family : Burseraceae
Symptoms : H(086x), H(068), H(100), H(104)
Recipes : H(086x) black tongue, H(068) round worm, H(100) gonorrhoea, H(104) stomach disorder, bark of Canarium schweinfurthi, RNS. (Information obtained from herb sellers and traditional medicine practitioners from three popular and largest markets in Lagos)
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Local markets in Lagos state)
Vernacular name : paapo, origbo
Canavalia ensiformis (L.) D.C.
Official name : Canavalia ensiformis (L.) D.C.
Family : Fabaceae
Symptoms : H(200)
Recipes : H(200) antibiotic, antiseptic, seed of Canavalia ensiformis, RNS. (Information obtained from herb sellers and traditional medicine practitioners from three popular and largest markets in Lagos)
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Local markets in Lagos state)
Vernacular name : sese-nla
Capsicum annuum L.
Official name : Capsicum annuum L.
Family : Solanaceae
Synonyms : Capsicum frutescens L.
Symptoms : H(007x), H(008), H(051), H(091)
Recipes : H(007x) carminative, H(008) dysentery, H(051) fever, H(051) paludism, H(091) stimulant, fruits, seed of Capsicum frutescens (Information obtained from herb sellers and traditional medicine practitioners from three popular and largest markets in Lagos)
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Local markets in Lagos state)
Vernacular name : ata-wewe (Yoruba)
Carapa procera DC.
Official name : Carapa procera DC.
Family : Meliaceae
Symptoms : H(006), H(007), H(013), H(014), H(051)
Recipes : H(006) purgative, H(007x) carminative,H(013)H(013) boils, H(014) ringworm, H(051) paludism , bark, seed, leaves of Carapa procera, RNS. (Information obtained from herb sellers and traditional medicine practitioners from three popular and largest markets in Lagos)
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Local markets in Lagos state)
Vernacular name : abo-oganwo (Yoruba)
Cardiospermum halicacabum L.
Official name : Cardiospermum halicacabum L.
Family : Sapindaceae
Symptoms : H(013), H(055), H(094), H(100), H(113), H(116)
Recipes : H(013) skin eruption, H(055) emetic, H(094) piles, H(100) syphilitic sores, H(113) rheumatism, H(116) amenorrhoea, leaves, roots of Cardiospermum halicacabum, RNS. (Information obtained from herb sellers and traditional medicine practitioners from three popular and largest markets in Lagos)
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Local markets in Lagos state)
Vernacular name : shaworo (Yoruba)
Carica papaya L.
Official name : Carica papaya L.
Family : Caricaceae
Symptoms : H(008), H(051), H(100), H(157), H(171), H(201)
Recipes : H(008) amoebic dysentery, H(051) paludism, H(100) gonorrhoea, H(100) syphilis, H(157) convulsion, H(171) diabetes, H(201) mental disorder, papain as meat tendirizer and as digester in breweries, leaves, fruits, seeds of Carica papaya wWith the bark of Mangifera indica, RNS.. (Information obtained from herb sellers and traditional medicine practitioners from three popular and largest markets in Lagos)
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Local markets in Lagos state)
Vernacular name : ibepe (Yoruba)
Carpolobia lutea G. Don
Official name : Carpolobia lutea G. Don
Family : Polygalaceae
Symptoms : H(103), H(113), H(139)
Recipes : H(103) toothache; H(113) rheumatism, H(139) aphrodisiac, leaves, barks of Carpolobia lutea, RNS. (Information obtained from herb sellers and traditional medicine practitioners from three popular and largest markets in Lagos)
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Local markets in Lagos state)
Vernacular name : osunsun
Cassia alata L.
Official name : Cassia alata L.
Family : Fabaceae
Synonyms : Senna alata (L.) Roxb.
Symptoms : H(028t)
Recipes : H(028t) leucorrhoea, Root of Glyphea brevis, root and leaves of Senna podocarpa, Senna alata, Allium ascalonicum and potash are put together into a container, and hot water poured on the mixture. The recipe is left till the next day. One glass cup to be taken every morning before breakfast for 3 days. The preparation is also suitable for seminal discharge in men.. (Information obtained from herb sellers and traditional medicine practitioners from three popular and largest markets in Lagos)
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Local markets in Lagos state)
Vernacular name : not communicated by the authors
Cassia fistula L.
Official name : Cassia fistula L.
Family : Fabaceae
Symptoms : H(006), H(088), H(094), H(126), H(171)
Recipes : H(094) pile, H(171) diabetes, H(126) liver disorders; H(006) purgative, H(088) astringent; with madunmaro + H2O, pods leaves of Cassia fistula, RNS. (Information obtained from herb sellers and traditional medicine practitioners from three popular and largest markets in Lagos)
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Local markets in Lagos state)
Vernacular name : aidantoro
Cassia spectabilis DC.
Official name : Cassia spectabilis DC.
Family : Fabaceae
Synonyms : Senna spectabilis (DC.) Irwin & Barneby
Symptoms : H(051)
Recipes : H(051) fevers, a decoction of the root of Sphenocentrum jollyanum, Zingiber officinale, bark of Khaya grandifoliola, root and bark of Rauvolfia vomitoria, bark of Alstomia congensis, root and bark of Senna sceptabilis, root of Zanthoxylum zanthoxyloides, leaves of Ocimum basilicum and sp is taken for fever.. (Information obtained from herb sellers and traditional medicine practitioners from three popular and largest markets in Lagos)
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Local markets in Lagos state)
Vernacular name : not communicated by the authors
Catharanthus roseus (L.) G. Don
Official name : Catharanthus roseus (L.) G. Don
Family : Apocynaceae
Symptoms : H(008), H(078), H(101)
Recipes : H(008) dysentery, H(078) antileukemic, H(078) antitumor, H(101) menorrhagia, H(151) hypertension, H(171) diabetes, leaves, whole plant of Catharanthus roseus, RNS. (Information obtained from herb sellers and traditional medicine practitioners from three popular and largest markets in Lagos)
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Local markets in Lagos state)
Vernacular name : apabida pupa
Ceiba pentandra (L.) Gaertn.
Official name : Ceiba pentandra (L.) Gaertn.
Family : Bombacaceae
Symptoms : H(055), H(082), H(100), H(101), H(171), H(193)
Recipes : H(055) emetic, H(082) asthma, H(100) gonorrhoea, H(101) menorrhagia; H(171) diabetes, H(193) emollient, flowers, leaves, bark exudates, RNS. (Information obtained from herb sellers and traditional medicine practitioners from three popular and largest markets in Lagos)
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Local markets in Lagos state)
Vernacular name : araba (Yoruba)
Chromolaena odorata (L.) R.M.King & H.Rob.
Official name : Chromolaena odorata (L.) R.M.King & H.Rob.
Family : Asteraceae
Synonyms : Eupatorium odoratum L.
Symptoms : H(008), H(013), H(018), H(051), H(103), H(124), H(200)
Recipes : H(008) dysentery,H(013) skin diseases, H(018) headache, H(051) fever, H(051) paludism, H(103) toothache, H(124) haemostatic, H(200) antimicrobial, leaves, stem, twigs of Chromolaena odorata, RNS. (Information obtained from herb sellers and traditional medicine practitioners from three popular and largest markets in Lagos)
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Local markets in Lagos state)
Vernacular name : akintola, awolowo (Yoruba)
Cissampelos owariensis P. Beauv. ex DC.
Official name : Cissampelos owariensis P. Beauv. ex DC.
Family : Menispermaceae
Symptoms : H(007), H(013), H(037), H(051), H(091), H(116)
Recipes : H(007) diuretic,H(013) skin diseases;H(037) lung diseases, H(051) antipyretic, H(116) emmenagogue, H(191) blood H(091) tonic, root, whole plant of Cissampelos owariensis, RNS. (Information obtained from herb sellers and traditional medicine practitioners from three popular and largest markets in Lagos)
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Local markets in Lagos state)
Vernacular name : ewe jokoje (Yoruba)
Citrullus colocynthis (L.) Schrad.
Official name : Citrullus colocynthis (L.) Schrad.
Family : Cucurbitaceae
Synonyms : Cucumis colocynthis L. , Colocynthis vulgaris Schrad.
Symptoms : H(006), H(033z), H(039), H(068), H(162y), H(200)
Recipes : H(006) purgative, H(033z) contraceptive; H(039) head lice, H(068) antihelmintic, H(162y) bladder stone, H(200) antimicrobial, seeds, whole plant, root, fruits of Citrullus colocynthis, RNS. (Information obtained from herb sellers and traditional medicine practitioners from three popular and largest markets in Lagos)
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Local markets in Lagos state)
Vernacular name : egusi-baara (Yoruba)
Citrus ×aurantium L.
Official name : Citrus ×aurantium L.
Family : Rutaceae
Synonyms : Citrus sinensis (L.) Osbeck , Citrus paradisi Macfad
Symptoms : H(007x), H(037), H(051), H(068), H(104), H(107)
Recipes : H(007x) carminative,H(037) cough,H(037) sore throat, H(051) paludism, H(068) antihelmintic, H(104) stomach ache, H(107) typhoid fever; oil, root, juice of Citrus aurantium, RNS. (Information obtained from herb sellers and traditional medicine practitioners from three popular and largest markets in Lagos)
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Local markets in Lagos state)
Vernacular name : osan (Yoruba)
Citrus medica L.
Official name : Citrus medica L.
Family : Rutaceae
Symptoms : H(135)
Recipes : H(135) coated tongue (digestion troubles ?), bark of Khaya ivorensis, bark of Pycnanthus angolensis, bark of Hymenocardia acida, bark of Bridelia ferruginea, bark and root of Rauvolfia vomitoria, bark of Alstonia boonei, twigs of Citrus medica, bark of Enantia chlorantha, bark of Melicia excelsa are all cooked and the decoction to be taken. (Information obtained from herb sellers and traditional medicine practitioners from three popular and largest markets in Lagos)
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Local markets in Lagos state)
Vernacular name : not communicated by the authors
Cnestis ferruginea DC.
Official name : Cnestis ferruginea DC.
Family : Connaraceae
Symptoms : H(139)
Recipes : H033y) lack of sperm oligosperma , H(139) weak erection, Manihot esculenta root, Dioscorea sp. tuber, Garcinia cola seed, Cola nitida cotyledon, dried Zea mays, Cnetis ferruginea, seeds of Mucuna sloanei, unripe Musa parasidiaca and Piper guineensis are all ground together with sugar, and taken with water or cold pap. (Information obtained from herb sellers and traditional medicine practitioners from three popular and largest markets in Lagos)
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Local markets in Lagos state)
Vernacular name : not communicated by the authors
Cola nitida (Vent.) Scott & Endl.
Official name : Cola nitida (Vent.) Scott & Endl.
Family : Sterculiaceae
Symptoms : H(139), H(151)
Recipes : H033y) lack of sperm oligosperma , H(139) weak erection, Manihot esculenta root, Dioscorea sp. tuber, Garcinia cola seed, Cola nitida cotyledon, dried Zea mays, Cnetis ferruginea, seeds of Mucuna sloanei, unripe Musa parasidiaca and Piper guineensis are all ground together with sugar, and taken with water or cold pap.
H(151) hypertension, Kola nut’s mistletoe mixed with honey is also effective.. (Information obtained from herb sellers and traditional medicine practitioners from three popular and largest markets in Lagos)
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Local markets in Lagos state)
Vernacular name : not communicated by the authors
Costus afer Ker Gawl.
Official name : Costus afer Ker Gawl.
Family : Costaceae
Symptoms : H(135)
Recipes : H(135) coated tongue (digestives troubles ?), bark of Costus afer, bark of Khaya grandifoliola, bark of Bridelia, ferruginea, fruit of Alchornea cordifolia, bark of Bridelia micrantha, bark of Pycnanthus angolensis, sulphur, and lime water all poured into a container. One tablespoon of the extract to be taken before breakfast. (Information obtained from herb sellers and traditional medicine practitioners from three popular and largest markets in Lagos)
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Local markets in Lagos state)
Vernacular name : not communicated by the authors
Croton penduliflorus Hutch.
Official name : Croton penduliflorus Hutch.
Family : Euphorbiaceae
Symptoms : H(094)
Recipes : H(094) piles, 12 seeds of Croton penduliflorus and 7 cubes of sugar are ground and poured into bottle containing kernel oil (30cl), then left for 7 days, after which the first dose of two tablespoonfuls will be taken. Later, one spoonful every morning is to be taken before breakfast. The drug is to be taken at four days interval. (Information obtained from herb sellers and traditional medicine practitioners from three popular and largest markets in Lagos)
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Local markets in Lagos state)
Vernacular name : not communicated by the author
Croton zambesicus Müll.Arg.
Official name : Croton zambesicus Müll.Arg.
Family : Euphorbiaceae
Symptoms : H(028t)
Recipes : H(028t) leucorrhoea, root of Croton zambesicus, 3 seeds of Garcinia cola, Acacia nilotica leaves, 3 seeds of Aframomum melegueta, leaves of Mimosa pudica and small quantity of potash are ground together, and taken with cold pap. (Information obtained from herb sellers and traditional medicine practitioners from three popular and largest markets in Lagos)
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Local markets in Lagos state)
Vernacular name : not communicated by the authors
Cymbopogon citratus (DC.) Stapf
Official name : Cymbopogon citratus (DC.) Stapf
Family : Poaceae
Symptoms : H(003), H(007), H(037), H(051), H(109), H(125)
Recipes : H(051) paludism, leaves, roots of Cymbopogon citratus of Lippia multiflora, RNS.
H(003) sprains, H(007) diuretic,H(037) cough, H(109) lumbago, H(125) diaphoretic, leaves, roots of Cymbopogon citratus, RNS. (Information obtained from herb sellers and traditional medicine practitioners from three popular and largest markets in Lagos)
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Local markets in Lagos state)
Vernacular name : kooko-oba. (Yoruba)
Dalbergiella welwitschii (Baker) Baker f.
Official name : Dalbergiella welwitschii (Baker) Baker f.
Family : Fabaceae
Symptoms : H(027z)
Recipes : H(027z) menstrual disorder, water or alcohol extract of the leaves of Dalbergiella welwitschii mixed with potash is to be taken for 3 days, morning and evening. (Information obtained from herb sellers and traditional medicine practitioners from three popular and largest markets in Lagos)
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Local markets in Lagos state)
Vernacular name : not communicated by the authors
Dioclea reflexa Hook. f.
Official name : Dioclea reflexa Hook. f.
Family : Fabaceae
Symptoms : H(014), H(039), H(082), H(091)
Recipes : H(014) dandruff, H(039) head lice, H(082) asthma, H(091) stimulant, seeds of Dioclea reflexa, RNS.. (Information obtained from herb sellers and traditional medicine practitioners from three popular and largest markets in Lagos)
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Local markets in Lagos state)
Vernacular name : agbarin, epe, arin
Dioscorea dumetorum (Kunth) Pax
Official name : Dioscorea dumetorum (Kunth) Pax
Family : Dioscoreaceae
Symptoms : H(013), H(051), H(068), H(099), H(137)
Recipes : H(013) skin diseases, H(051) paludism, H(068) bilharziosis, H(099) psychic troubles, H(104) colic, H(137) analgesic, tuber, leaves of Dioscorea dumetorum, RNS. (Information obtained from herb sellers and traditional medicine practitioners from three popular and largest markets in Lagos)
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Local markets in Lagos state)
Vernacular name : esuru (Yoruba)
Dioscorea sp.
Official name : Dioscorea sp.
Family : Dioscoreaceae
Symptoms : H(139)
Recipes : H033y) lack of sperm oligosperma , H(139) weak erection, Manihot esculenta root, Dioscorea sp. tuber, Garcinia cola seed, Cola nitida cotyledon, dried Zea mays, Cnetis ferruginea, seeds of Mucuna sloanei, unripe Musa parasidiaca and Piper guineensis are all ground together with sugar, and taken with water or H(108) cold pap. (Information obtained from herb sellers and traditional medicine practitioners from three popular and largest markets in Lagos)
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Local markets in Lagos state)
Vernacular name : not communicated by the authors
Enantia chlorantha Oliv.
Official name : Enantia chlorantha Oliv.
Family : Annonaceae
Symptoms : H(013), H(051), H(068), H(124), H(126), H(135)
Recipes : H(051) typhoid fever, H(126) jaundice,H(013) ulcer, H(068) rickettsia (parasitic bacteria), H(124) haemostatic, infective H(126) hepatitis, H(051) paludism, bark of Enantia chloranta, RNS.
H(135) coated tongue (digestion troubles ?), bark of Khaya ivorensis, bark of Pycnanthus angolensis, bark of Hymenocardia acida, bark of Bridelia ferruginea, bark and root of Rauvolfia vomitoria, bark of Alstonia boonei, twigs of Citrus medica, bark of Enantia chlorantha, bark of Melicia excelsa are all cooked and the decoction to be taken. (Information obtained from herb sellers and traditional medicine practitioners from three popular and largest markets in Lagos)
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Local markets in Lagos state)
Vernacular name : awopa
Erythrophleum guineense G. Don
Official name : Erythrophleum guineense G. Don
Family : Fabaceae
Synonyms : Erythrophleum suaveolens (Guill. & Perr.) Brenan
Symptoms : H(004), H(013), H(020), H(041), H(046), H(068), H(088), H(151)
Recipes : H(004) wound,H(013) skin diseases, H(020) snake bites, H(041) gangrenous sores, H(046) chicken-pox, H(068) filarial worms, H(088) astringent, H(151) hypertension, stem-bark, leaves of Erythrophleum suaveolens , RNS. (Information obtained from herb sellers and traditional medicine practitioners from three popular and largest markets in Lagos)
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Local markets in Lagos state)
Vernacular name : erun obo, olu-obo (Yoruba)
Fagara zanthoxyloides Lam.
Official name : Fagara zanthoxyloides Lam.
Family : Rutaceae
Synonyms : Zanthoxylum zanthoxyloides (Lam.) Zepernick & Timler
Symptoms : H(037), H(038), H(051), H(078), H(091), H(100), H(113)
Recipes : H(037) cough,H(037) tuberculosis, H(038) urinary disorders, H(078) cancers, H(091) sickle cell anaemia, H(100) venereal diseases, , H(100) gonorrhoea, H(113) arthritis, bark, root of Zanthoxylum zanthoxyloides, RNS.
H(051) fevers, a decoction of the root of Sphenocentrum jollyanum, Zingiber officinale, bark of Khaya grandifoliola, root and bark of Rauvolfia vomitoria, bark of Alstomia congensis, root and bark of Senna sceptabilis, root of Zanthoxylum zanthoxyloides, leaves of Ocimum basilicum and sp is taken for fever.. (Information obtained from herb sellers and traditional medicine practitioners from three popular and largest markets in Lagos)
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Local markets in Lagos state)
Vernacular name : orin ata (Yoruba)
Ficus asperifolia Miq.
Official name : Ficus asperifolia Miq.
Family : Moraceae
Symptoms : H(004), H(037)
Recipes : H(004) wound,H(037) cough, leaves, root of Ficus asperifolia, RNS.. (Information obtained from herb sellers and traditional medicine practitioners from three popular and largest markets in Lagos)
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Local markets in Lagos state)
Vernacular name : ipin (Y)
Ficus capensis Thunb.
Official name : Ficus capensis Thunb.
Family : Moraceae
Synonyms : Ficus sur Forssk.
Symptoms : H(002), H(005), H(008), H(033), H(082), H(099), H(100), H(173), H(193)
Recipes : H(002) increases lactation, H(005) oedema, H(008) dysentery, H(033) infertility, H(082) respiratory disorders, H(088) astringent; H(091) rickets, H(099) epilepsy, H(100) gonorrhoea, H(173) leprosy, H(193) emollient, leaf, stem, fruit, root of Ficus capensis, RNS.
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Local markets in Lagos state)
Vernacular name : opoto (Yoruba)
Ficus elegans (Miq.) Miq.
Official name : Ficus elegans (Miq.) Miq.
Family : Moraceae
Symptoms : H(006), H(008), H(068), H(094), H(104)
Recipes : H(006) constipation, H(008) diarrhoea, H(068) craw-craw,H(094) piles, H(104) stomachache, leaves of Ficus elegans, RNS. (Information obtained from herb sellers and traditional medicine practitioners from three popular and largest markets in Lagos)
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Local markets in Lagos state)
Vernacular name : asoro
Ficus exasperata Vahl
Official name : Ficus exasperata Vahl
Family : Moraceae
Symptoms : H(014), H(038), H(051), H(100), H(104), H(112)
Recipes : H(014) scabies, H(038) urinary ailments, H(051) antipyretic, H(100) gonorrhoea, H(104) stomach disorders, H(112) arbotifacient, H(126) jaundice; H(151) hypertension, leaves, bark, root, seeds of Ficus exasperata, RNS.. (Information obtained from herb sellers and traditional medicine practitioners from three popular and largest markets in Lagos)
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Local markets in Lagos state)
Vernacular name : epin (Yoruba)
Ficus mucuso Welw. ex Ficalho
Official name : Ficus mucuso Welw. ex Ficalho
Family : Moraceae
Symptoms : H(098)
Recipes : H(098) insomnia, bark of stem of Ficus mucuso, RNS. (Information obtained from herb sellers and traditional medicine practitioners from three popular and largest markets in Lagos)
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Local markets in Lagos state)
Vernacular name : odan-afomo
Ficus thonningii Blume
Official name : Ficus thonningii Blume
Family : Moraceae
Synonyms : Ficus iteophylla Miq. , Ficus burkei (Miq.) Miq.
Symptoms : H(004), H(008), H(051)
Recipes : H(004) wound, H(051) fever, H(008) dysentery, bark of Ficus thonningii, RNS. (Information obtained from herb sellers and traditional medicine practitioners from three popular and largest markets in Lagos)
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Local markets in Lagos state)
Vernacular name : odan-abaa (Yoruba)
Ficus vallis-choudae Delile
Official name : Ficus vallis-choudae Delile
Family : Moraceae
Symptoms : H(006) + H(104), H(013), H(068), H(088), H(104), H(126)
Recipes : H(006) + H(104) gastrointestinal disorders,H(013) skin diseases; H(068) antihelmintic, H(088) astringent, H(126) jaundice, leaves, stem, latex of Ficus vallischoudae, RNS. (Information obtained from herb sellers and traditional medicine practitioners from three popular and largest markets in Lagos)
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Local markets in Lagos state)
Vernacular name : ogunro (Yoruba)
Garcinia kola Heckel
Official name : Garcinia kola Heckel
Family : Clusiaceae
Symptoms : H(008), H(037), H(051), H(103), H(118), H(126), H(033y), H(139)
Recipes : H(008) dysentery,H(037) bronchitis,H(037) cough, H(051) fever, H(103) toothache, H(118) throat and respiratory ailments, H(126) liver disorders, headache, anticancer, seeds, root, stem-bark, fruits of Garcinia kola, RNS.
H033y) lack of sperm, oligosperma , H(139) weak erection, Manihot esculenta root, Dioscorea sp. tuber, Garcinia cola seed, Cola nitida cotyledon, dried Zea mays, Cnetis ferruginea, seeds of Mucuna sloanei, unripe Musa parasidiaca and Piper guineensis are all ground together with sugar, and taken with water or cold pap. . (Information obtained from herb sellers and traditional medicine practitioners from three popular and largest markets in Lagos)
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Local markets in Lagos state)
Vernacular name : orogbo
Glyphaea brevis (Spreng.) Monach.
Official name : Glyphaea brevis (Spreng.) Monach.
Family : Tiliaceae
Symptoms : H(028t)
Recipes : H(028t) leucorrhoea, Root of Glyphea brevis, root and leaves of Senna podocarpa, Senna alata, Allium ascalonicum and potash are put together into a container, and hot water poured on the mixture. The recipe is left till the next day. One glass cup to be taken every morning before breakfast for 3 days. The preparation is also suitable for seminal discharge in men.. (Information obtained from herb sellers and traditional medicine practitioners from three popular and largest markets in Lagos)
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Local markets in Lagos state)
Vernacular name : not registered
Grewia flavescens Juss.
Official name : Grewia flavescens Juss.
Family : Tiliaceae
Symptoms : H(008)
Recipes : H(008) dysentery, decoction of the leaves of Grewia flavescence, VO. (Information obtained from herb sellers and traditional medicine practitioners from three popular and largest markets in Lagos)
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Local markets in Lagos state)
Vernacular name : not communicated by the authors
Hibiscus esculentus (L.) Moench
Official name : Hibiscus esculentus (L.) Moench
Family : Malvaceae
Synonyms : Abelmoschus esculentus (L.) Moench
Symptoms : H(008), H(051), H(082), H(088), H(091), H(097y), H(100), H(166), H(193)
Recipes : H(008) dysentery, H(051) fevers, H(082) asthma, H(088) astringent, H(091) tonic, H(097y) catarrhal infections; H(100) gonorrhoea, H(166) antispasmodic, H(193) emollient, fruit, seeds of Abelmoschus esculentus, RNS. (Information obtained from herb sellers and traditional medicine practitioners from three popular and largest markets in Lagos)
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Local markets in Lagos state)
Vernacular name : ila (Yoruba)
Hymenocardia acida Tul.
Official name : Hymenocardia acida Tul.
Family : Euphorbiaceae
Symptoms : H(135)
Recipes : H(135) coated tongue (digestion troubles ?), bark of Khaya ivorensis, bark of Pycnanthus angolensis, bark of Hymenocardia acida, bark of Bridelia ferruginea, bark and root of Rauvolfia vomitoria, bark of Alstonia boonei, twigs of Citrus medica, bark of Enantia chlorantha, bark of Melicia excelsa are all cooked and the decoction to be taken. . (Information obtained from herb sellers and traditional medicine practitioners from three popular and largest markets in Lagos)
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Local markets in Lagos state)
Vernacular name : not communicated by the authors
Jatropha curcas L.
Official name : Jatropha curcas L.
Family : Euphorbiaceae
Symptoms : H(014), H(033), H(051), H(056), H(086x), H(104), H(116), H(143), H(157)
Recipes : H(014) ringworm, H(014) eczema,H(014) scabies,H(014) herpes,H(014) rectal eczema,H(014) whitlow, H(033) impotence, H(051) fever, H(056) guineaworm, H(086x) black tongue, H(104) colic, H(116) irregular menses, H(143) small pox, H(157) convulsion, seed, leaves, stem, roots, sap of Jatropha curcas, RNS.. (Information obtained from herb sellers and traditional medicine practitioners from three popular and largest markets in Lagos)
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Local markets in Lagos state)
Vernacular name : botuje, lapalapa (Yoruba)
Jatropha gossypiifolia L.
Official name : Jatropha gossypiifolia L.
Family : Euphorbiaceae
Symptoms : H(008), H(014), H(026), H(051), H(078)
Recipes : H(008) dysentery, leaves of Parquentina nigrescens, Jatropha gossypifolia, Pergularia daemia, Ocimum gratissimum and Momordica charantia are all powdered together and taken with cold pap, or as decoction.
H(014) ringworm, ascariasis,H(026) dysmenorrhoea, H(051) paludism, H(078) antitumor, stem latex of Jatropha gossypifolia, RNS.. (Information obtained from herb sellers and traditional medicine practitioners from three popular and largest markets in Lagos)
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Local markets in Lagos state)
Vernacular name : botuje pupa (Yoruba)
Jatropha multifida L.
Official name : Jatropha multifida L.
Family : Euphorbiaceae
Symptoms : H(135)
Recipes : H(135) coated tongue, sap of Jatropha multifida, ONS., RNS. (Information obtained from herb sellers and traditional medicine practitioners from three popular and largest markets in Lagos)
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Local markets in Lagos state)
Vernacular name : ogege
Khaya grandifoliola C. DC.
Official name : Khaya grandifoliola C. DC.
Family : Meliaceae
Symptoms : H(014), H(027), H(051), H(113), H(135), H(157)
Recipes : H(014) dermatomycosis, H(027) threatened abortion, H(051) fever, H(113) rheumatism, H(157) convulsion, stem, root, bark of Khaya grandifoliola, RNS.
H(051) fevers, a decoction of the root of Sphenocentrum jollyanum, Zingiber officinale, bark of Khaya grandifoliola, root and bark of Rauvolfia vomitoria, bark of Alstomia congensis, root and bark of Senna sceptabilis, root of Zanthoxylum zanthoxyloides, leaves of Ocimum basilicum and sp is taken for fever.
H(135) coated tongue (digestion troubles ?), bark of Costus afer, bark of Khaya grandifoliola, bark of Bridelia, ferruginea, fruit of Alchornea cordifolia, bark of Bridelia micrantha, bark of Pycnanthus angolensis, sulphur, and lime water all poured into a container. One tablespoon of the extract to be taken before breakfast.. (Information obtained from herb sellers and traditional medicine practitioners from three popular and largest markets in Lagos)
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Local markets in Lagos state)
Vernacular name : oganwo
Khaya ivorensis A. Chev.
Official name : Khaya ivorensis A. Chev.
Family : Meliaceae
Symptoms : H(051), H(068), H(091), H(113), H(126), H(135)
Recipes : H(051) paludism, H(068) antihelmintic,H(091) anaemia, H(113) arthritis;H(126) jaundice, stem, root, bark of Khaya ivorensis, RNS.
H(135) coated tongue (digestion troubles ?), bark of Khaya ivorensis, bark of Pycnanthus angolensis, bark of Hymenocardia acida, bark of Bridelia ferruginea, bark and root of Rauvolfia vomitoria, bark of Alstonia boonei, twigs of Citrus medica, bark of Enantia chlorantha, bark of Melicia excelsa are all cooked and the decoction to be taken.. (Information obtained from herb sellers and traditional medicine practitioners from three popular and largest markets in Lagos)
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Local markets in Lagos state)
Vernacular name : oganwo
Khaya senegalensis (Desv.) A. Juss.
Official name : Khaya senegalensis (Desv.) A. Juss.
Family : Meliaceae
Synonyms : Swietenia senegalensis Desv.
Symptoms : H(051), H(091)
Recipes : H(051) paludism, H(091) anaemia, stem, root, bark of Khaya senegalensis. (Information obtained from herb sellers and traditional medicine practitioners from three popular and largest markets in Lagos)
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Local markets in Lagos state)
Vernacular name : oganwo (Yoruba)
Klainedoxa gabonensis Pierre ex Engl.
Official name : Klainedoxa gabonensis Pierre ex Engl.
Family : Irvingiaceae
Synonyms : Klainedoxa gabonensis Pierre ex Engl.
Symptoms : H(033y), H(139)
Recipes : H033y) lack of sperm oligosperma , H(139) weak erection, Manihot esculenta root, Dioscorea sp. tuber, Garcinia cola seed, Cola nitida cotyledon, dried Zea mays, Cnetis ferruginea, seeds of Mucuna sloanei, unripe Musa parasidiaca and Piper guineensis are all ground together with sugar, and taken with water or H(108) cold pap and the same plants as the foregoing in addition with Klainedoxa gabonenesis, sugar and pure bee-honey are mixed together. A spoonful to be taken like that or with H(108) cold pap.. (Information obtained from herb sellers and traditional medicine practitioners from three popular and largest markets in Lagos)
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Local markets in Lagos state)
Vernacular name : not communicated by the authors
Lactuca capensis Thunb.
Official name : Lactuca capensis Thunb.
Family : Asteraceae
Symptoms : H(007)
Recipes : H(007) diuretic, constipation, leaves of Lactuca capensis, RNS.. (Information obtained from herb sellers and traditional medicine practitioners from three popular and largest markets in Lagos)
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Local markets in Lagos state)
Vernacular name : yanrin
Lawsonia inermis L.
Official name : Lawsonia inermis L.
Family : Lythraceae
Synonyms : Lawsonia alba Lam.
Symptoms : H(028t), H(051), H(088), H(100), H(101), H(126)
Recipes : H(013) ulcer, H(028t), H(028t) leucorrhoea, H(033y) spermatorrhoea, H(051) paludism, H(088) astringent, H(100) gonorrhoea, H(101) menorrhagia,H(126) jaundice, leaves, flower, bark of Lawsonia inermis, RNS.. (Information obtained from herb sellers and traditional medicine practitioners from three popular and largest markets in Lagos)
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Local markets in Lagos state)
Vernacular name : laali, lali (Yoruba)
Lecaniodiscus cupanioides Planch.
Official name : Lecaniodiscus cupanioides Planch.
Family : Sapindaceae
Symptoms : H(006), H(013), H(037), H(051), H(111), H(126), H(139)
Recipes : H(006) purgative,H(013) abscesses,H(037) cough, H(051) paludism, H(051) fever, H(111) burns, H(126) liver, H(126) jaundice, H(139) aphrodidiac, leaves, roots, young shoots, seeds, stem-bark of Lecaniodiscus cupanioides, RNS. (Information obtained from herb sellers and traditional medicine practitioners from three popular and largest markets in Lagos)
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Local markets in Lagos state)
Vernacular name : akika
Lippia multiflora Moldenke
Official name : Lippia multiflora Moldenke
Family : Verbenaceae
Symptoms : H(037), H(051), H(054), H(126), H(151)
Recipes : H(037) cough, H(051) paludism, H(051) antipyretic, H(054) sleepimg sicknes, H(126) jaundice, H(151) hypertension, whole plant of Lippia multiflora, RNS.. (Information obtained from herb sellers and traditional medicine practitioners from three popular and largest markets in Lagos)
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Local markets in Lagos state)
Vernacular name : efirin-gogoro, efirin-oko (Yoruba)
Mangifera indica L.
Official name : Mangifera indica L.
Family : Anacardiaceae
Symptoms : H(008), H(037), H(051), H(068), H(098), H(116), H(124), H(151), H(171), H(201)
Recipes : H(008) diarrhoea,H(037) cough, H(051) paludism, H(068) antihelmintic, H(098) insomnia, H(116) emmenagogue, H(124) haemorrhage, H(151) hypertension, H(171) diabetes, H(201) insanity, leaves, stem-bark, root of Mangifera indica , RNS. (Information obtained from herb sellers and traditional medicine practitioners from three popular and largest markets in Lagos)
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Local markets in Lagos state)
Vernacular name : mangoro (Yoruba)
Manihot esculenta Crantz
Official name : Manihot esculenta Crantz
Family : Euphorbiaceae
Synonyms : Manihot utilissima Pohl
Symptoms : H(139)
Recipes : H033y) lack of sperm oligosperma , H(139) weak erection, Manihot esculenta root, Dioscorea sp. tuber, Garcinia cola seed, Cola nitida cotyledon, dried Zea mays, Cnetis ferruginea, seeds of Mucuna sloanei, unripe Musa parasidiaca and Piper guineensis are all ground together with sugar, and taken with water or cold pap.. (Information obtained from herb sellers and traditional medicine practitioners from three popular and largest markets in Lagos)
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Local markets in Lagos state)
Vernacular name : not communicated by the authors
Milicia excelsa (Welw.) C.C. Berg
Official name : Milicia excelsa (Welw.) C.C. Berg
Family : Moraceae
Synonyms : Chlorophora excelsa (Welw) Benth. & Hook.
Symptoms : H(135)
Recipes : H(135) coated tongue (digestion troubles ?), bark of Khaya ivorensis, bark of Pycnanthus angolensis, bark of Hymenocardia acida, bark of Bridelia ferruginea, bark and root of Rauvolfia vomitoria, bark of Alstonia boonei, twigs of Citrus medica, bark of Enantia chlorantha, bark of Melicia excelsa are all cooked and the decoction to be taken.. (Information obtained from herb sellers and traditional medicine practitioners from three popular and largest markets in Lagos)
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Local markets in Lagos state)
Vernacular name : not communicated by the authors
Mimosa pudica L.
Official name : Mimosa pudica L.
Family : Fabaceae
Symptoms : H(028t)
Recipes : H(028t) leucorrhoea, root of Croton zambesicus, 3 seeds of Garcinia cola, Acacia nilotica leaves, 3 seeds of Aframomum melegueta, leaves of Mimosa pudica and small quantity of potash are ground together, and taken with cold pap.. (Information obtained from herb sellers and traditional medicine practitioners from three popular and largest markets in Lagos)
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Local markets in Lagos state)
Vernacular name : not communicated by the authors
Momordica charantia L.
Official name : Momordica charantia L.
Family : Cucurbitaceae
Symptoms : H(008)
Recipes : H(008) dysentery, leaves of Parquentina nigrescens, Jatropha gossypifolia, Pergularia daemia, Ocimum gratissimum and Momordica charantia are all powdered together and taken with cold pap, or as decoction. (Information obtained from herb sellers and traditional medicine practitioners from three popular and largest markets in Lagos)
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Local markets in Lagos state)
Vernacular name : not communicated by the authors
Mucuna pruriens (L.) DC.
Official name : Mucuna pruriens (L.) DC.
Family : Fabaceae
Symptoms : H(038), H(068)
Recipes : H(038) genito-urinary problems, H(068) intestinal worms, hairs on the pod of Mucuna pruriensi , RNS. (Information obtained from herb sellers and traditional medicine practitioners from three popular and largest markets in Lagos)
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Local markets in Lagos state)
Vernacular name : ewe-ina, yerepe (Yoruba)
Mucuna sloanei Fawc. & Rendle
Official name : Mucuna sloanei Fawc. & Rendle
Family : Fabaceae
Symptoms : H(007), H(013), H(139), H(094)
Recipes : H(007) diuretic,H(013) skin diseases; H(094) haemorrhoids, seeds, root of Mucuna sloanei , RNS.
H033y) lack of sperm oligosperma , H(139) weak erection, Manihot esculenta root, Dioscorea sp. tuber, Garcinia cola seed, Cola nitida cotyledon, dried Zea mays, Cnetis ferruginea, seeds of Mucuna sloanei, unripe Musa parasidiaca and Piper guineensis are all ground together with sugar, and taken with water or cold pap. (Information obtained from herb sellers and traditional medicine practitioners from three popular and largest markets in Lagos)
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Local markets in Lagos state)
Vernacular name : werepe
Musa ×paradisiaca L.
Official name : Musa ×paradisiaca L.
Family : Musaceae
Synonyms : Musa ×sapientum L.
Symptoms : H(139)
Recipes : H033y) lack of sperm oligosperma , H(139) weak erection, Manihot esculenta root, Dioscorea sp. tuber, Garcinia cola seed, Cola nitida cotyledon, dried Zea mays, Cnetis ferruginea, seeds of Mucuna sloanei, unripe Musa parasidiaca and Piper guineensis are all ground together with sugar, and taken with water or cold pap.. (Information obtained from herb sellers and traditional medicine practitioners from three popular and largest markets in Lagos)
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Local markets in Lagos state)
Vernacular name : not communicated by the authors
Nauclea latifolia Sm.
Official name : Nauclea latifolia Sm.
Family : Rubiaceae
Synonyms : Sarcocephalus russeggeri Schweinf. , Sarcocephalus latifolius (Smith) Bruce , Sarcocephalus esculentus Afzel. ex Sabine
Symptoms : H(026), H(037), H(046), H(051), H(055), H(076), H(094), H(126), H(137)
Recipes : H(026) menstrual disorders;H(037) cough, H(046) measles, H(051) febrile condition, H(055) emetic, H(076) thrush, H(094) pile, H(104) stomach disorders, H(126) jaundice, H(137) sore, inner bark, stem, sap, roots, fruits, root-bark of Nauclea latifolia , RNS. (Information obtained from herb sellers and traditional medicine practitioners from three popular and largest markets in Lagos)
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Local markets in Lagos state)
Vernacular name : egbesi (Yoruba)
Ocimum basilicum L.
Official name : Ocimum basilicum L.
Family : Lamiaceae
Symptoms : H(051)
Recipes : H(051) fevers, a decoction of the root of Sphenocentrum jollyanum, Zingiber officinale, bark of Khaya grandifoliola, root and bark of Rauvolfia vomitoria, bark of Alstomia congensis, root and bark of Senna sceptabilis, root of Zanthoxylum zanthoxyloides, leaves of Ocimum basilicum and sp is taken for fever.. (Information obtained from herb sellers and traditional medicine practitioners from three popular and largest markets in Lagos)
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Local markets in Lagos state)
Vernacular name : not communicated by the authors
Ocimum gratissimum L.
Official name : Ocimum gratissimum L.
Family : Lamiaceae
Symptoms : H(008), H(037), H(051), H(094), H(108), H(157), H(171), H(200)
Recipes : H(008) dysentery, leaves of Parquentina nigrescens, Jatropha gossypifolia, Pergularia daemia, Ocimum gratissimum and Momordica charantia are all powdered together and taken with cold pap, or as decoction.
H(008) diarrhoea,H(037) cough,H(037) bronchitis, H(051) fever, H(094) pile, H(108) cold, H(157) convulsion, H(171) diabetes, H(200) antimicrobial, H(200) antibacterial, leaves, whole plant of Ocimum gratissimum, RNS. (Information obtained from herb sellers and traditional medicine practitioners from three popular and largest markets in Lagos)
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Local markets in Lagos state)
Vernacular name : efirin (Yoruba)
Ocimum sp.
Official name : Ocimum sp.
Family : Lamiaceae
Symptoms : H(051)
Recipes : H(051) fevers, a decoction of the root of Sphenocentrum jollyanum, Zingiber officinale, bark of Khaya grandifoliola, root and bark of Rauvolfia vomitoria, bark of Alstomia congensis, root and bark of Senna sceptabilis, root of Zanthoxylum zanthoxyloides, leaves of Ocimum basilicum and sp is taken for fever.. (Information obtained from herb sellers and traditional medicine practitioners from three popular and largest markets in Lagos)
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Local markets in Lagos state)
Vernacular name : not communicated by the authors
Olax subscorpioidea Oliv.
Official name : Olax subscorpioidea Oliv.
Family : Olacaceae
Symptoms : H(051x), H(056), H(100), H(103), H(126), H(201)
Recipes : H(051x) yellow fever, H(056) guinea worm, H(100) venereal diseases, H(103) toothache, H(126) jaundice, H(201) mental disorders, roots, leaves, stem-bark, twigs of Olax subscorpioidea, RNS.. (Information obtained from herb sellers and traditional medicine practitioners from three popular and largest markets in Lagos)
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Local markets in Lagos state)
Vernacular name : ifan, ifon (Yoruba)
Parquetina nigrescens (Afzel.) Bullock
Official name : Parquetina nigrescens (Afzel.) Bullock
Family : Apocynaceae
Synonyms : Parquetina gabonica Baill.
Symptoms : H(008)
Recipes : H(008) dysentery, leaves of Parquentina nigrescens, Jatropha gossypifolia, Pergularia daemia, Ocimum gratissimum and Momordica charantia are all powdered together and taken with cold pap, or as decoction. (Information obtained from herb sellers and traditional medicine practitioners from three popular and largest markets in Lagos)
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Local markets in Lagos state)
Vernacular name : not communicated by the authors
Pergularia daemia (Forssk.) Chiov.
Official name : Pergularia daemia (Forssk.) Chiov.
Family : Apocynaceae
Symptoms : H(008)
Recipes : H(008) dysentery, leaves of Parquentina nigrescens, Jatropha gossypifolia, Pergularia daemia, Ocimum gratissimum and Momordica charantia are all powdered together and taken with cold pap, or as decoction. (Information obtained from herb sellers and traditional medicine practitioners from three popular and largest markets in Lagos)
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Local markets in Lagos state)
Vernacular name : not communicated by the authors
Persea americana Mill.
Official name : Persea americana Mill.
Family : Lauraceae
Symptoms : H(151)
Recipes : H(151) hypertension, leaves of Persea americana are made into shreds, dried and taken as infusion. Leaves of Talinum triangulare or Basella alba may also be used.. (Information obtained from herb sellers and traditional medicine practitioners from three popular and largest markets in Lagos)
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Local markets in Lagos state)
Vernacular name : not communicated by the authors
Phyllanthus amarus Schumach. & Thonn.
Official name : Phyllanthus amarus Schumach. & Thonn.
Family : Phyllanthaceae
Symptoms : H(014), H(051), H(100), H(171)
Recipes : H(014) ringworm, H(051) fever, H(100) gonorrhoea, H(171) diabetes. Whole plant of Phyllanthus amarus, RNS. (Information obtained from herb sellers and traditional medicine practitioners from three popular and largest markets in Lagos)
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Local markets in Lagos state)
Vernacular name : eyin-olobe
Piper guineense Schumach. & Thonn.
Official name : Piper guineense Schumach. & Thonn.
Family : Piperaceae
Symptoms : H(139)
Recipes : H033y) lack of sperm oligosperma , H(139) weak erection, Manihot esculenta root, Dioscorea sp. tuber, Garcinia cola seed, Cola nitida cotyledon, dried Zea mays, Cnetis ferruginea, seeds of Mucuna sloanei, unripe Musa parasidiaca and Piper guineensis are all ground together with sugar, and taken with water or cold pap. (Information obtained from herb sellers and traditional medicine practitioners from three popular and largest markets in Lagos)
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Local markets in Lagos state)
Vernacular name : not communicated by the authors
Pterocarpus erinaceus Poir.
Official name : Pterocarpus erinaceus Poir.
Family : Fabaceae
Symptoms : H(008), H(014), H(051), H(078), H(098)
Recipes : H(008) dysentery, H(008) diarrhoea,H(014) dermatomycosis, H(051) fever, H(078) breast cancer, H(098) insomnia, leaves, stem-bark of Pterocarpus erinaceus. (Information obtained from herb sellers and traditional medicine practitioners from three popular and largest markets in Lagos)
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Local markets in Lagos state)
Vernacular name : osun (Yoruba)
Pterocarpus santalinoides L'Hér. ex DC.
Official name : Pterocarpus santalinoides L'Hér. ex DC.
Family : Fabaceae
Symptoms : H(013), H(051), H(088)
Recipes : H(013) skin diseases; H(051) antipyretic, H(088) astringent, bark of Pterocarpus santalinioides, RNS.. (Information obtained from herb sellers and traditional medicine practitioners from three popular and largest markets in Lagos)
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Local markets in Lagos state)
Vernacular name : gbengbe (Yoruba)
Pycnanthus angolensis (Welw.) Warb.
Official name : Pycnanthus angolensis (Welw.) Warb.
Family : Myristicaceae
Symptoms : H(135)
Recipes : H(135) coated tongue (digestion troubles ?), bark of Khaya ivorensis, bark of Pycnanthus angolensis, bark of Hymenocardia acida, bark of Bridelia ferruginea, bark and root of Rauvolfia vomitoria, bark of Alstonia boonei, twigs of Citrus medica, bark of Enantia chlorantha, bark of Melicia excelsa are all cooked and the decoction to be taken.
H(135) coated tongue (digestion troubles ?), bark of Costus afer, bark of Khaya grandifoliola, bark of Bridelia, ferruginea, fruit of Alchornea cordifolia, bark of Bridelia micrantha, bark of Pycnanthus angolensis, sulphur, and lime water all poured into a container. One tablespoon of the extract to be taken before breakfast.. (Information obtained from herb sellers and traditional medicine practitioners from three popular and largest markets in Lagos)
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Local markets in Lagos state)
Vernacular name : not communicated by the authors
Rauvolfia vomitoria Afzel.
Official name : Rauvolfia vomitoria Afzel.
Family : Apocynaceae
Symptoms : H(051)
Recipes : H(051) fevers, a decoction of the root of Sphenocentrum jollyanum, Zingiber officinale, bark of Khaya grandifoliola, root and bark of Rauvolfia vomitoria, bark of Alstomia congensis, root and bark of Senna sceptabilis, root of Zanthoxylum zanthoxyloides, leaves of Ocimum basilicum and sp is taken for fever.. (Information obtained from herb sellers and traditional medicine practitioners from three popular and largest markets in Lagos)
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Local markets in Lagos state)
Vernacular name : not communicated by the authors
Senna podocarpa (Guill. & Perr.) Lock
Official name : Senna podocarpa (Guill. & Perr.) Lock
Family : Fabaceae
Symptoms : H(028t)
Recipes : H(028t) leucorrhoea, Root of Glyphea brevis, root and leaves of Senna podocarpa, Senna alata, Allium ascalonicum and potash are put together into a container, and hot water poured on the mixture. The recipe is left till the next day. One glass cup to be taken every morning before breakfast for 3 days. The preparation is also suitable for seminal discharge in men.. (Information obtained from herb sellers and traditional medicine practitioners from three popular and largest markets in Lagos)
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Local markets in Lagos state)
Vernacular name : not communicated by the authors
Sida acuta Burm. f.
Official name : Sida acuta Burm. f.
Family : Malvaceae
Synonyms : Sida carpinifolia L.f. , Sida stipulata Cav.
Symptoms : H(013), H(051), H(068), H(137)
Recipes : H(013) ulcer, H(051) paludism, H(051) antipyretic, H(068) intestinal worms, H(088) astringent, H(137) analgesic, leaves, roots of Sida acuta , RNS. (Information obtained from herb sellers and traditional medicine practitioners from three popular and largest markets in Lagos)
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Local markets in Lagos state)
Vernacular name : osepotu, esoketu (Yoruba)
Sida cordifolia L.
Official name : Sida cordifolia L.
Family : Malvaceae
Symptoms : H(033y), H(038), H(080), H(082), H(094), H(100), H(113)
Recipes : H(033y) spermatorrhoea, H(038) uro-genital disorders, H(080) hay fever, H(082) asthma, H(094) piles, H(100) gonorrhoea, H(113) rheumatism, leaves, root, seeds of Sida cordifolia , RNS. (Information obtained from herb sellers and traditional medicine practitioners from three popular and largest markets in Lagos)
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Local markets in Lagos state)
Vernacular name : iso-obo (Yoruba)
Sida pilosa Retz.
Official name : Sida pilosa Retz.
Family : Malvaceae
Symptoms : H(004), H(008)
Recipes : H(008) diarrhoea, H(004) wound,cuts, leaves of Sida pilosa , RNS. (Information obtained from herb sellers and traditional medicine practitioners from three popular and largest markets in Lagos)
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Local markets in Lagos state)
Vernacular name : eesinle
Sida rhombifolia L.
Official name : Sida rhombifolia L.
Family : Malvaceae
Symptoms : H(004), H(008)
Recipes : H(004) wound; H(008) diarrhoea, H(193) emollient, leaves of Sida rhombifolia , RNS. (Information obtained from herb sellers and traditional medicine practitioners from three popular and largest markets in Lagos)
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Local markets in Lagos state)
Vernacular name : iseketu pupa
Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench
Official name : Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench
Family : Poaceae
Synonyms : Holcus bicolor L. , Sorghum vulgare subsp. durra (Forssk.) Maire & Weiller
Symptoms : H(051), H(091), H(191)
Recipes : H(051) paludism, H(051) fever, H(191) blood tonic, leaves, whole plant, grains of Sorghum bicolor, RNS. (Information obtained from herb sellers and traditional medicine practitioners from three popular and largest markets in Lagos)
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Local markets in Lagos state)
Vernacular name : poroporo okababa (Yoruba)
Sphenocentrum jollyanum Pierre
Official name : Sphenocentrum jollyanum Pierre
Family : Menispermaceae
Symptoms : H(003), H(004), H(037), H(051), H(126), H(139)
Recipes : H(191) high blood pressure, roots, fruits of Sphenocentrum jollyanum, leaves of Commiphora africana; RNS.
H(037) cough, H(004) wound, H(051) fever, H(126) jaundice, H(003) breast swelling related to menstrual cycle, H(051) paludism, H(139) aphrodisiac., roots, fruits of Sphenocentrum jollyanum, RNS.
H(051) fevers, a decoction of the root of Sphenocentrum jollyanum, Zingiber officinale, bark of Khaya grandifoliola, root and bark of Rauvolfia vomitoria, bark of Alstomia congensis, root and bark of Senna sceptabilis, root of Zanthoxylum zanthoxyloides, leaves of Ocimum basilicum and sp is taken for fever.. (Information obtained from herb sellers and traditional medicine practitioners from three popular and largest markets in Lagos)
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Local markets in Lagos state)
Vernacular name : akerejupon
Talinum triangulare (Jacq.) Willd.
Official name : Talinum triangulare (Jacq.) Willd.
Family : Portulacaceae
Symptoms : H(151)
Recipes : H(151) hypertension, leaves of Persea americana are made into shreds, dried and taken as infusion. Leaves of Talinum triangulare or Basella alba may also be used.. (Information obtained from herb sellers and traditional medicine practitioners from three popular and largest markets in Lagos)
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Local markets in Lagos state)
Vernacular name : not communicated by the authors
Telfairia occidentalis Hook.f.
Official name : Telfairia occidentalis Hook.f.
Family : Cucurbitaceae
Symptoms : H(006), H(091), H(104), H(157), H(191)
Recipes : H(006) + H(104) gastrointestinal disorders, H(091) anaemia, H(157) convulsion, H(191) blood tonic, leaves Telfaria occidentalis, RNS. (Information obtained from herb sellers and traditional medicine practitioners from three popular and largest markets in Lagos)
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Local markets in Lagos state)
Vernacular name : ugwu (I)
Termitomyces microcarpus (Berk. & Broome) Heim
Official name : Termitomyces microcarpus (Berk. & Broome) Heim
Family : Lyophyllaceae
Symptoms : H(008), H(020), H(036), H(076), H(093), H(100), H(103)
Recipes : H(008) dysentery, H(020) snake bite, H(036) vertigo, H(076) thrush, H(093) antidote, H(100) syphilis, H(103) toothache, leaves, fruits, peel of Tetracarpidium conophorum, RNS. (Information obtained from herb sellers and traditional medicine practitioners from three popular and largest markets in Lagos)
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Local markets in Lagos state)
Vernacular name : awusa, asala
Tetrapleura tetraptera (Schumach. & Thonn.) Taub.
Official name : Tetrapleura tetraptera (Schumach. & Thonn.) Taub.
Family : Fabaceae
Symptoms : H(012), H(033), H(037), H(051), H(068), H(082), H(093), H(098), H(100), H(113), H(157)
Recipes : H(012) fracture, H(033) infertility,H(037) cough, H(051) fever, H(068) bilharziosis, H(082) asthma, H(093) poison antidote, H(098) insomnia, H(100) gonorrhoea, H(113) rheumatism, H(157) convulsions, bark, pod of Tetrapleura tetraptera, RNS.. (Information obtained from herb sellers and traditional medicine practitioners from three popular and largest markets in Lagos)
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Local markets in Lagos state)
Vernacular name : aidan, aridan (Yoruba)
Thaumatococcus daniellii (Bennet) Benth.
Official name : Thaumatococcus daniellii (Bennet) Benth.
Family : Marantaceae
Symptoms : H(055), H(171)
Recipes : H(171) diabetes; H(055) emetic, fruits of Thaumatococcus danielli , RNS. (Information obtained from herb sellers and traditional medicine practitioners from three popular and largest markets in Lagos)
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Local markets in Lagos state)
Vernacular name : ewe moi-moi
Tridax procumbens L.
Official name : Tridax procumbens L.
Family : Asteraceae
Symptoms : H(051), H(104), H(109), H(124)
Recipes : H(051) antipyretic, H(104) stomach ache, H(109) backache, H(124) haemostatic, whole plan of Tridax procumbenst, RNS. (Information obtained from herb sellers and traditional medicine practitioners from three popular and largest markets in Lagos)
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Local markets in Lagos state)
Vernacular name : igbalode, muwagun (Yoruba)
Uraria picta (Jacq.) DC.
Official name : Uraria picta (Jacq.) DC.
Family : Fabaceae
Symptoms : H(020), H(027), H(093), H(139)
Recipes : H(020) snake bite H(093) antidote, H(027) repositioning fœtus, intra-uterine, H(139) aphrodisiac, leaves of Uraria picta, RNS. (Information obtained from herb sellers and traditional medicine practitioners from three popular and largest markets in Lagos)
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Local markets in Lagos state)
Vernacular name : alupayida
Urena lobata L.
Official name : Urena lobata L.
Family : Malvaceae
Symptoms : H(193)
Recipes : H(008) dysentery; H(186) expectorant, H(193) emollient,whole plant leaves of Urena lobata, RNS. (Information obtained from herb sellers and traditional medicine practitioners from three popular and largest markets in Lagos)
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Local markets in Lagos state)
Vernacular name : ilasa-agborin, iasa-omode (Yoruba)
Uvaria afzelii Scott-Elliot
Official name : Uvaria afzelii Scott-Elliot
Family : Annonaceae
Symptoms : H(006), H(013), H(037), H(051), H(126), H(162y), H(179)
Recipes : H(126) infections of liver, H(179) kidney and H(162y) bladder;H(051) fever,H(037) cough,H(013) skin diseases; H(006) purgative, bark leaves of Uvaria afzelii, RNS. (Information obtained from herb sellers and traditional medicine practitioners from three popular and largest markets in Lagos)
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Local markets in Lagos state)
Vernacular name : gbongbose, anikan wogba-arun
Uvaria chamae P. Beauv.
Official name : Uvaria chamae P. Beauv.
Family : Annonaceae
Symptoms : H(006), H(051x), H(051), H(126), H(137)
Recipes : H(006) purgative, H(051x) yellow fever, H(051) febrifuge, H(126) jaundice, H(137) sores, roots, leaves of Uvaria chamae, RNS. (Information obtained from herb sellers and traditional medicine practitioners from three popular and largest markets in Lagos)
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Local markets in Lagos state)
Vernacular name : eruju
Vernonia amygdalina Delile
Official name : Vernonia amygdalina Delile
Family : Asteraceae
Synonyms : Vernonia senegalensis A. Chev. , Gymnanthemum amygdalinum (Delile) Sch. Bip. Ex Walp.
Symptoms : H(014), H(037), H(046), H(051), H(103), H(104), H(171)
Recipes : H(014) ringworm,H(037) pneumonia, H(046) measles, H(051) paludism, H(103) toothache, H(103) gingivitis, H(104) stomachache, H(171) diabetes, leaves, stem, root of Vernonia amygdalina, RNS. (Information obtained from herb sellers and traditional medicine practitioners from three popular and largest markets in Lagos)
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Local markets in Lagos state)
Vernacular name : ewuro (Yoruba)
Vernonia colorata (Willd.) Drake
Official name : Vernonia colorata (Willd.) Drake
Family : Asteraceae
Symptoms : H(013), H(051), H(068), H(088), H(091), H(093), H(100)
Recipes : H(013) skin diseases, H(051) antipyretic, H(068) antihelmintic, H(088) astringent; H(091) anaemia, H(093) poison antidote, H(100) gonorrhoea, root, leaves of Vernonia colorata, RNS. (Information obtained from herb sellers and traditional medicine practitioners from three popular and largest markets in Lagos)
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Local markets in Lagos state)
Vernacular name : eriro-ijebu (Yoruba)
Viscum album L.
Official name : Viscum album L.
Family : Viscaceae
Symptoms : H(026), H(055), H(078), H(091), H(099), H(116), H(171), H(178x)
Recipes : H(026) dysmenorrhoea; H(055) emetic, H(078) cancer, H(091) anemia, H(099) hysteria, H(116) amenorrhea, H(171) diabetes, H(178x) stroke, whole plant of Viscum album, RNS. (Information obtained from herb sellers and traditional medicine practitioners from three popular and largest markets in Lagos)
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Local markets in Lagos state)
Vernacular name : aomo
Vitex doniana Sweet
Official name : Vitex doniana Sweet
Family : Verbenaceae
Symptoms : H(003), H(008), H(014), H(037), H(051), H(082), H(097y), H(104), H(113)
Recipes : H(003) inflammatory, H(003) swelling of joints, H(008) diarrhoea,H(014) ringworm,H(037) cough, H(051) fever, H(082) bad breath, H(097y) catarrh, H(104) stomach ache, H(113) rheumatism, leaves, roots, stem-barks of Vitex doniana
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Local markets in Lagos state)
Vernacular name : oori-nla (Yoruba)
Voacanga africana Stapf
Official name : Voacanga africana Stapf
Family : Apocynaceae
Symptoms : H(051), H(103), H(137), H(151), H(178), H(201)
Recipes : H(051) fever, H(103) toothache, H(137) sores, H(151) hypertension, H(178) cardiac tonic, H(201) Improves mental alertness stem root, bark of Voacanga africana, RNS. (Information obtained from herb sellers and traditional medicine practitioners from three popular and largest markets in Lagos)
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Local markets in Lagos state)
Vernacular name : ako-dodo
Waltheria indica L.
Official name : Waltheria indica L.
Family : Sterculiaceae
Synonyms : Waltheria americana L.
Symptoms : H(001), H(008), H(037), H(051), H(103), H(124)
Recipes : H(001) eye drop, H(008) dysentery,H(037) cough, H(051) fever, H(051) paludism, H(103) toothache, H(124) external haemorrhage,whole plant, roots of Waltheria indica, RNS. (Information obtained from herb sellers and traditional medicine practitioners from three popular and largest markets in Lagos)
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Local markets in Lagos state)
Vernacular name : ewe-epo (Yoruba)
Xylopia aethiopica (Dunal) A. Rich.
Official name : Xylopia aethiopica (Dunal) A. Rich.
Family : Annonaceae
Synonyms : Uvaria aethiopica Guil. et Pers.
Symptoms : H(006), H(007), H(037), H(104), H(115), H(116), H(201)
Recipes : H(006) purgative, H(007x) carminative,H(037) cough,H(037) bronchitis, H(104) stomach ache, H(115) neuralgia, H(116) amenorrhoea, H(201) mental disorder, fruit, bark, leaves, seeds of Xylopia aethiopica, RNS. (Information obtained from herb sellers and traditional medicine practitioners from three popular and largest markets in Lagos)
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Local markets in Lagos state)
Vernacular name : eeru, erunje (Yoruba)
Zea mays L.
Official name : Zea mays L.
Family : Poaceae
Symptoms : H(139), H(139)
Recipes : H033y) lack of sperm oligosperma , H(139) weak erection, Manihot esculenta root, Dioscorea sp. tuber, Garcinia cola seed, Cola nitida cotyledon, dried Zea mays, Cnetis ferruginea, seeds of Mucuna sloanei, unripe Musa parasidiaca and Piper guineensis are all ground together with sugar, and taken with water or cold pap.. (Information obtained from herb sellers and traditional medicine practitioners from three popular and largest markets in Lagos)
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Local markets in Lagos state)
Vernacular name : not communicated by the authors
Zingiber officinale Roscoe
Official name : Zingiber officinale Roscoe
Family : Zingiberaceae
Symptoms : H(037), H(051), H(058), H(082), H(091), H(094), H(107), H(108), H(113), H(126), H(135)
Recipes : H(051) fevers, a decoction of the root of Sphenocentrum jollyanum, Zingiber officinale, bark of Khaya grandifoliola, root and bark of Rauvolfia vomitoria, bark of Alstomia congensis, root and bark of Senna sceptabilis, root of Zanthoxylum zanthoxyloides, leaves of Ocimum basilicum and sp is taken for fever
H(037) cough, H(107) typhoid fever, H(051) paludism, H(058) obesity, H(082) asthma, H(091) stimulant, H(094) piles, H(107) typhoid fever, H(108) cold, H(113) rheumatism, H(126) hepatitis, H(126) liver diseases, H(135) digestive disorders, rhizome of Zingiber officinale, RNS. (Information obtained from herb sellers and traditional medicine practitioners from three popular and largest markets in Lagos)
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Local markets in Lagos state)
Vernacular name : jinja, atale (Yoruba)