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Reference : HN 42

Author(s) : Nicolas J.-P.
Title : Plantes médicinales du Nord de Madagascar. Ethnobotanique antakarana et informations scientifiques 296 p. (2012) Editions Jardins du monde 15, rue saint Michel - 29 190 Brasparts www.jardinsdumonde.org
Reference HN 42 has information about 235 plants :
Abrus precatorius L.
Official name : Abrus precatorius L.
Family : Fabaceae
Symptoms : H(051), H(037), H(092), H(166), H(201)
Recipes : H(051) fevers and influenza symptoms, warm decoction and maceration of leaves of Abrus precatorius are used in steam baths
H(037) dry cough, decoction of a handful of leaves per liter of H2O, VO.a few glasses a day, honey is added on occasion
H(092) seeds of d’Abrus precatorius, are highly toxic.
H(201) seeds for luck
Region : Madagascar
Country : North Madagascar
Vernacular name : voamôra, masonamboagara (Antakarana), hanana, kelimiefitra, masonamboatony, voamboanamainty, voamboanamave, vohemboamena, voainaintilany, voamantorona, voamena (Malgache), cascavelle, liane réglisse, réglisse marron, grain d’église, jéquirity, graine diable (French), jequirity, crab’s eye, rosary pea, johncrow bead, precatory bean, indian licorice.(English)
Acacia farnesiana (L.) Willd
Official name : Acacia farnesiana (L.) Willd
Family : Fabaceae
Symptoms : V(095)
Recipes : Vb(095) leaves of Acacia farnesiana are an excellent fodder.
Region : Madagascar
Country : North Madagascar
Vernacular name : lavanana (Antakarana), roy, royvaz (Malgache), cassie ancienne noire, mimosa de farn (French), needle bush (English)
Acacia farnesiana (L.) Willd
Official name : Acacia farnesiana (L.) Willd
Family : Fabaceae
Symptoms : H(103)
Recipes : H(103) toothache, decoction of the bark and leaves of Acacia farnesiana in mouthwash
Region : Madagascar
Country : North Madagascar
Vernacular name : lavanana (Antakarana), roy, royvaz (Malgache), cassie ancienne noire, mimosa de farn (French), needle bush (English)
Acacia sakalava Drake
Official name : Acacia sakalava Drake
Family : Fabaceae
Symptoms : H(007)
Recipes : H(007) diuretic, decoction of stems and leaves of Acacia sakalava
Region : Madagascar
Country : North Madagascar
Vernacular name : botomirogno (Antakarana)
Acalypha reticulata (Poir.) Müll. Arg
Official name : Acalypha reticulata (Poir.) Müll. Arg
Family : Euphorbiaceae
Symptoms : H(004), H(100), H(203)
Recipes : H(004) diarrhea, H(004) dysentery, colic, H(166) spasms, decoction (a handle stems with leaves per liter of water), VO.
H(100) sexually transmitted infections, H(100) syphilis, decoction of stems and leaves of Acalypha reticulata
H(203) the absorbent leaves and flexible rods come in various household objects, paper, basket, traps …
Region : Madagascar
Country : North Madagascar
Vernacular name : menagnaty (Antakarana), bemangitra, marompototra, tsimbaleotra, vahizato (Malgache), queue-de-rat (French)
Acanthospermum hispidum DC.
Official name : Acanthospermum hispidum DC.
Family : Asteraceae
Symptoms : H(008), H(008x), H(014)
Recipes : H(008) diarrhea, H(008x) bloody diarrhea, decoction of leaves and stems of Acanthospermum hispidum
H(014) ddermatosis, H(014) ringworm, pounded leaves are applied as a poultice that is changed twice daily
Region : Madagascar
Country : North Madagascar
Vernacular name : bakakely (Antakarana), fatika (Malgache), (herbe savane, herbe tricorne (French), bristly starbur, goat’s head, hispid starbur (English)
Achyranthes aspera L.
Official name : Achyranthes aspera L.
Family : Amaranthaceae
Synonyms : Achyranthes annua Dinter , Achyranthes indica (L.) Mill. , Achyranthes aspera L. var. sicula , Achyranthes obovata Peter.
Symptoms : H(004), H(014), H(020x), H(051)
Recipes : H(004) wounds, H(014) certain dermatoses, H(020x) bites, crushed leaves of Achyranthes aspera in local application
H(051) fever with neurological manifestations, H(051) paludism, H(108) influenza, decoction of leaves of Achyranthes aspera is used in combination with other species, VO. several times a day and also serves to bathe the patient, or in form of steam bath.
Region : Madagascar
Country : North Madagascar
Vernacular name : :tsipôtiky, tsipolitry (Antakarana), herbe sergent, tsipolomanitra, tsipotimena, tsipotika, tsipôtiky, vatofosa, vatofosalahy, vandrangozaza (Malgache), herbe d’Eugène, herbe des jeunes, herbe d’Inde, la zinde, herbe zinde, queue de rat (French), devil’s horsewhip, prickly chaff flower (English)
Acmella oleracea (L.) R.K.Jansen
Official name : Acmella oleracea (L.) R.K.Jansen
Family : Asteraceae
Symptoms : H(008), H(095)
Recipes : H(008) diarrhea, H(008) dysentery, leaves of Acmella oleracea of Lantana camara, RNS.
H(095) plant is consumed and is the basis of romazava ( stew with bredes mafane)
Region : Madagascar
Country : North Madagascar
Vernacular name : agnamafana (Antakarana), anamalhao, kalobanda, mangevitr (Malgache) brède mafane, cresson de Para, spilanthe des potagers (French), Brazil cress, para cress, toothhache (English)
Adansonia suarezensis H. Perrier
Official name : Adansonia suarezensis H. Perrier
Family : Bombacaceae
Symptoms : H(078)
Recipes : H(078) cancer, decoction of barks of Adansonia suarezensis, VO.
Region : Madagascar
Country : North Madagascar
Vernacular name : bosy (Antakarana), baobab, boringy, fontana, rainiala, ringy, sefo (Malgache), baobab de Suarez (French), baobab of Suarez (English)
Aeschynomene sensitiva Sw.
Official name : Aeschynomene sensitiva Sw.
Family : Fabaceae
Symptoms : H(027), H(051)
Recipes : H(027) difficult births, decoction of leaves of Aeschynomene sensitiva
H(027y) intimate female toilet to wash the mother and child after the birth, decoction of leaves of Aeschynomene sensitiva of Ocimum gratissimum of Ageratum conyzoides
H(051) fevers and flu-like syndromes, decoction and maceration of hot plants, steam baths
Region : Madagascar
Country : North Madagascar
Vernacular name : fangnivan (Antakarana)
Aframomum sanguineum (K. Schum.) K. Schum.
Official name : Aframomum sanguineum (K. Schum.) K. Schum.
Family : Zingiberaceae
Synonyms : Aframomum hanburyi K. Schum. , Aframomum angustifolium (Sonn.) K. Schum.
Symptoms : H(014), H(037)
Recipes : H(014) dermatosis,application of ground seeds of Aframomum angustifolium
H(037) cough, particularly that of pregnant women, decoction of leaves and especially the seeds
Region : Madagascar
Country : North Madagascar
Vernacular name : longoza, sintogno (Antakarana), longoza, longozakely (Malgache), amone de Madagascar, cardamome du Cameroun, graines de paradis, malaguette,maniguette, poivre de Guinée (French), cameroon cardamon, grains of paradise, great cardamon, Madagascar cardamon (English)
Agelaea pentagyna (Lam.) Baill.
Official name : Agelaea pentagyna (Lam.) Baill.
Family : Connaraceae
Synonyms : Agelaea dewevrei De Wild. & T. Durand
Symptoms : H(008), H(091)
Recipes : H(008) diarrhea, H(008) dysentery, decoction a handful of leaves of Agelaea pentagyna per liter of H2O
H(091) fatigue, decoction of stems
Region : Madagascar
Country : North Madagascar
Vernacular name : vahijôby (Antakarana), ravinamainty, vahijoby, vahimaintybebaka, vahimenty, sefamainty, soandro (Malgache), agératum tropical, agérate, herbe à bouc, brède des jeunes filles (French), billygoat-weed, chick weed, goatweed, whiteweed (English)
Ageratum conyzoides L.
Official name : Ageratum conyzoides L.
Family : Asteraceae
Symptoms : H(004), H(008), H(013), H(022), H(026), H(027y), H(077)
Recipes : H(004) infected wounds, H(013) ulcers of the skin, decoctions of Ageratum conyzoides for cleaning
H(008) diarrhea, H(022) difficult births, H(026) painful periods, H(077) vomiting, decoction of leaves of Ageratum conyzoides
H(027y) intimate female toilet et to wash the mother and child after the birth, decoction of leaves of Aeschynomene sensitiva of Ocimum gratissimum of Ageratum conyzoides
H(027y) women bath and newborns after delivery, decoction of leaves of Cinnamosma fragrans of Ageratum conyzoides of Ocimum gratissimum
Region : Madagascar
Country : North Madagascar
Vernacular name : bemaimbo (Antakarana), alonimpantsaka, anajazavavy, fotsivony, hanitrinipatsaka, hanitrinimpantsaka, tsifakanakandriana (Malgache), agérate, agératum tropical, brède des jeunes filles, herbe à bouc (French), billygoat-weed, chick weed, goatweed, whiteweed (English)
Albizia gummifera (J.F.Gmel.) C.A.Sm.
Official name : Albizia gummifera (J.F.Gmel.) C.A.Sm.
Family : Fabaceae
Symptoms : H(004), H(082)
Recipes : H(004) infected wounds, concentrated decoction of leaves of Albizia gummifera to wash the wounds + poultices and compresses
H(082) asthma, decoction of the stem of Albizia gummifera; drink occasionally to prevent the emergence of crises
Region : Madagascar
Country : North Madagascar
Vernacular name : sambalahy (Antakarana), volomborona (Malgache), peacock flower (English)
Albizia lebbeck (L.) Benth.
Official name : Albizia lebbeck (L.) Benth.
Family : Fabaceae
Symptoms : H(008)
Recipes : H(008) dysentery, leaves of Albizia lebbec are ground, mixed with saltl, decoction, VO. at the spleen of one liter per day
Region : Madagascar
Country : North Madagascar
Vernacular name : bonara, bonarabe (Antakarana), alibizara (Malgache), bois noir, ébénier d’orient, langue de belle-mère (French), fry-wood, lebbeck-tree, tongue tree, woman’s (English)
Albizia lebbeck (L.) Benth.
Official name : Albizia lebbeck (L.) Benth.
Family : Fabaceae
Symptoms : V(095)
Recipes : Vb(095) animal feed, leaves of Albizia lebbeck constitute a good feed for livestock
Region : Madagascar
Country : North Madagascar
Vernacular name : bonara, bonarabe (Antakarana), alibizara (Malgache), bois noir, ébénier d’orient, langue de belle-mère (French), fry-wood, lebbeck-tree, tongue tree, woman’s (English)
Allium cepa L.
Official name : Allium cepa L.
Family : Alliaceae
Symptoms : H(014), H(068)
Recipes : H(014) dermatosis, raw or cooked pulp of Allium cepa, local application
H(068) intestinal worms, decoctions of bulbs of Allium cepa , VO.
Region : Madagascar
Country : North Madagascar
Vernacular name : dongolo (Antakarana), mangafaka, tongolombazaha (Malgache), oignon (French), onion( Anglais)
Allium sativum L.
Official name : Allium sativum L.
Family : Alliaceae
Symptoms :
Recipes : H(068), intestinal worms, H(151) hypertension, decoctions of bulbs of Allium sativum, VO.
Region : Madagascar
Country : North Madagascar
Vernacular name : dongololay (Antakarana), tongologasy, tongolonkova (Malgache) ,ail (French), garlic (English)
Aloe suarezensis H. Perrier
Official name : Aloe suarezensis H. Perrier
Family : Asphodelaceae
Symptoms :
Recipes : H(068) intestinal worms, H(171) diabetes, decoction of leaves of Aloe suarezensis, VO.
Region : Madagascar
Country : North Madagascar
Vernacular name : sakoakenkigny (Antakarana)
Aloe vera (L.) Burm.f.
Official name : Aloe vera (L.) Burm.f.
Family : Asphodelaceae
Synonyms : Aloe vulgaris Lam.
Symptoms : H(004), H(013), H(068), H(078), H(126), H(171)
Recipes : H(004) wounds of all kinds (previously cleaned), H(068) dermatosis (ringworms) et H(111) burns, the gel of Aloe vera in local application
H(013) ulcers, H(104) gastritis, H(104) diseases of the stomach, translucent gel of leaves of Aloe vera is cooked in water + sugar or honey.
H(068) worms, massage of child belly with the gel scares away the worms
H(078) cancer, H(126) jaundice, H(171) diabetes , VO. alcohol based maceration (rum or whiskey) spoonfuls several times daily
H(171) diabetes, decoction of gel in H2O, VO. before meals (half a glass of gel per liter of H2O)
Region : Madagascar
Country : North Madagascar
Vernacular name : sakoakenkigny (Antakarana), vahona (Malgache), aloé des Barbades, aloé véra, aloé vrai (French), aloe (English)