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Reference : HS 25

Author(s) : Shauri, N.E.N.
Title : Experience on the use of Tanzanian medicinal plants for the last decade (1979-1989) in :Traditional Medicinal Plants. Dar Es Salaam University Press - Ministry of Health - Tanzania, 391 p. (1991)
Reference HS 25 has information about 18 plants :
Abrus precatorius L.
Official name : Abrus precatorius L.
Family : Fabaceae
Symptoms : H(139)
Recipes : H(139) impotence (for males), .roots of Abrus precatorius are dried in the shade, ground to a powder, and mixed with a powder of pound salt. The mixture is chewed and swallowed. The treatment is administered for 3 to 4 days.
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania
Vernacular name : not communicated by the author
Acacia schweinfurthii Brenan & Exell
Official name : Acacia schweinfurthii Brenan & Exell
Family : Fabaceae
Symptoms : H(082)
Recipes : H(082) asthma, roots of the plants Acacia schweinfurthii and Cassia didymobotrya are pounded separately. 200 g extracts of each plant are mixed with 20 g of pounded salt. On the dosage, 1 teaspoonful of powder is chewed and swallowed. This is administered for 2-3 days, or even longer. For children 1/4 teaspoonful is used, also for 2-3 days.It is also recommended that the patients should avoid alcohol and smoking and their food should also contain no pepper They should stay in well ventilated rooms, and should avoid cold water, both for body wash or for drinking
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania
Vernacular name : kerefu-mzitu (Swahili) (Swahili)
Allium cepa L.
Official name : Allium cepa L.
Family : Alliaceae
Symptoms : H(007), H(045), H(196)
Recipes : H(007) diuretic, 4 large crushed onions are mixed with 1000 ml of white wine, and then 100 gm of honey are added. The mixture is allowed to set for 14 days. The dosage recommended is 15 ml tds for adults.
H(045) antiseptic, ONS, RNS.
H(139) aphrodisiac qualities, and is therefore good for impotent people. infusion of two large onions (sliced) in 1000 ml of water is administered. This should be all in one day.
H(196) antiscorbutic (rich in Vitamin C), and H(171) antidiabetic, useful H(068) vermifuge, 4 to 5 onions are treated with 1000 ml of water and sweetened with honey (as it boils). The dosage recommended is 200 - 300 ml tds for adults.
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania
Vernacular name : not communicated by the author
Aristolochia densivenia Engl.
Official name : Aristolochia densivenia Engl.
Family : Aristolochiaceae
Symptoms : H(020), H(092), H(093)
Recipes : H(093), H(020) antisnake bite antidotes. For the administration of the First Aid, the snake's teeth are taken off the bitten area of the body. The patient is then tied tightly 15 cm upward from the bitten spot. For the preparation of the plant extract a 1/4 of teaspoonful of the powder of the plant, or the corresponding piece of bark, root chew, and swallow saliva, is mixed with one tablespoon of water. The chewed stuff is then taken to the bitten spot. The area is then bandaged, and the patient is taken to the hospital. The patient may need much water and even vomit a tittle.
- H(092) poisoned stomach (food poisoning), ), 3/4 cu cm of a piece of bark or root is chewed quickly and swallowed with much water (2-3 glasses). In this treatment the patient may vomit the poison immediately. He may also purge. The patient should use fatty soups, and soft foods for 3-4 days. He should also visit the hospital.
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania
Vernacular name : unkulwe (Swahili)
Artemisia afra Jacq. ex Willd.
Official name : Artemisia afra Jacq. ex Willd.
Family : Asteraceae
Symptoms : H(051)
Recipes : H(051) paludism. For its preparation, green or dried leaves are boiled for 20 minutes. Alternatively a powder of dried leaves is placed in a hot water decoction for 15 minutes and filtered with clean cloth. The dosage recommended is 100 ml tds for adults, and 15 to 20 to 40 ml tds for children over 5 years. If in powder form, 1 tablespoonful is added to 100 ml of a hot water decoction.
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania
Vernacular name : fivi (Swahili)
Balanites aegyptiaca (L.) Delile
Official name : Balanites aegyptiaca (L.) Delile
Family : Zygophyllaceae
Synonyms : Balanites gillettii Cufod.
Symptoms : H(169)
Recipes : H(169) hernia, fresh or dry roots in pieces of +/- 4 cm of Deinbollia borbonica of Ximenia caffra of Balanitbes aegyptiaca. 7.5 cm Pieces are boiled with beef bones for 1 hr, and cooled cold and 100 ml are administered for 4-5 days. Each of the plants above can be prepared separately
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania
Vernacular name : mkonga (Swahili)
Brassica oleracea L.
Official name : Brassica oleracea L.
Family : Brassicaceae
Symptoms : H(008), H(068), H(096), H(126)
Recipes : H(008) dysentery, upset bowels, H(068) vermifuge, the juice of the plant is squeezed through fine cloth. The dosage is 15 ml tds for children and 30 ml tds for adults.
H(096) decongestant, .as decongestant, squeezed syrup of the plant extract is heated up with an equal amount of sugar and honey, and then left to cool. The dosage used is 15 ml tds for children and 30 ml tds for adults.
H(126) cirrhosis of the liver, H(155) tonsilitis and the loss of voice, decoction for use as a purifying agent 2-3 large leaves are placed in 1000 ml of water and the decoction is allowed to set for 30 min. to 1 hr. The dosage is 200 ml tds for adults and 50 - 100 ml tds for children.
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania
Vernacular name : mtundwi (Swahili)
Cassia didymobotrya Fres.
Official name : Cassia didymobotrya Fres.
Family : Fabaceae
Synonyms : Senna didymobotrya (Fresen) Irwin & Barneby
Symptoms : H(082)
Recipes : H(082) asthma, roots of the plants Acacia schweinfurthii and Cassia didymobotrya are pounded separately. 200 g extracts of each plant are mixed with 20 g of pounded salt. On the dosage, 1 teaspoonful of powder is chewed and swallowed. This is administered for 2-3 days, or even longer. For children 1/4 teaspoonful is used, also for 2-3 days.It is also recommended that the patients should avoid alcohol and smoking and their food should also contain no pepper They should stay in well ventilated rooms, and should avoid cold water, both for body wash or for drinking
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania
Vernacular name : muinu (Swahili)
Citrus limon (L.) Burm. f.
Official name : Citrus limon (L.) Burm. f.
Family : Rutaceae
Synonyms : Citrus limonum Risso
Symptoms : H(007), H(068), H(166)
Recipes : H(007) diuretic, H(068) vermifuge, H(091) tonic, H(091) for the supply of vitamins A, B, B2, and C, H(166) anti spasmodic, . In its use, 100 g of dried for external use, and as a gargle, the juice of one lemon is added to 1000 ml of water. For use in treating acid stomach, the juice is mixed with honey, or with water, at one lemon to 2000ml. When used as H(068) vermifuge one lemon juice is mixed with castor oil instead of water, at a proportion of 1 lemon juice to 15 ml of castor oil.
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania
Vernacular name : not communicated by the author
Citrus medica L.
Official name : Citrus medica L.
Family : Rutaceae
Symptoms : H(007), H(068), H(091)
Recipes : H(091), H(068) vermifuge, as antiH(166) spasmodic, H(007) diuretic substance, and for the supply of vitamins A, B, B2, and C. In its use, 100 g of dried leaves are added to 1000 ml of water, and the decoction is allowed to set for 30 min. The dosage for adults and children are stated above. For external use, and as a gargle, the juice of one lemon is added to 1000 ml of water. For use in treating acid stomach, the juice is mixed with honey, or with water, at one lemon to 2000ml. When used H(068) vermifuge one lemon juice is mixed with castor oil instead of water, at a proportion of 1 lemon juice to 15 ml of castor oil.
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania
Vernacular name : not communicated by the author
Deinbollia borbonica Scheff.
Official name : Deinbollia borbonica Scheff.
Family : Sapindaceae
Symptoms : H(169)
Recipes : H(169) hernia, fresh or dry roots in pieces of +/- 4 cm of Deinbollia borbonica of Ximenia caffra of Balanitbes aegyptiaca. 7.5 cm Pieces are boiled with beef bones for 1 hr, and cooled cold and 100 ml are administered for 4-5 days. Each of the plants above can be prepared separately
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania
Vernacular name : mbwakambwaka (Swahili)
Eucalyptus globulus Labill.
Official name : Eucalyptus globulus Labill.
Family : Myrtaceae
Symptoms : H(037), H(038), H(082), H(108), H(124), H(155)
Recipes : H(037) bronchitis, H(038) urinary troubles, H(082) asthma, H(108) colds, H(124) hemorrhages, H(155) tonsilitis. It is used as an infusion and as a decoction of leaves. 100 g is broken, dried leaves are added to 1000 ml of water. The decoction is allowed to settle for 1/2 hrs. The dosage applied is 200 ml tds and 50 - 100 ml tds for adults and children, respectively. When used as a powder, 15-20 g are added in a cup of tea or in honey, on bread, or on tablespoon, once daily, for H(082) asthma andH(037) bronchitis. For external use, 100 g are added to 1000 ml of water and applied as foot-hand-hip-baths, as dressing lotion, and enema.
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania
Vernacular name : not communicated by the author
Myrica salicifolia Hochst. ex A. Rich.
Official name : Myrica salicifolia Hochst. ex A. Rich.
Family : Myricaceae
Symptoms : H(113), H(166)
Recipes : H(113) rheumatic and H(166) spasmodic patients, barks of Warburgia ugandensis of Ocotea usambarensis , roots of Myrica salicifolia, mixed in equal quantities and pounded to a powder. The dosage recommended is 5 ml to 100 ml of hot soup, and the treatment is continued until the patient feels better
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania
Vernacular name : mshegheshe (Swahili)
Ocotea usambarensis Engl.
Official name : Ocotea usambarensis Engl.
Family : Lauraceae
Symptoms : H(113), H(166)
Recipes : H(113) rheumatic and H(166) spasmodic patients, barks of Warburgia ugandensis of Ocotea usambarensis , roots of Myrica salicifolia, mixed in equal quantities and pounded to a powder. The dosage recommended is 5 ml to 100 ml in hot soup, and the treatment is continued until the patient feels better
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania
Vernacular name : kulo (Swahili)
Pyrus communis L.
Official name : Pyrus communis L.
Family : Rosaceae
Symptoms : H(007), H(038)
Recipes : H(007) diuretic and H(038) urinary complaints, infusion and decoction of barks, leaves of Pyrus communis, or flowers, either of one or of all leaves, dried in the shade, 100 g to 1000 ml of water. The decoction is allowed to set for 15-30 minutes, and dosage administered is 200-250 ml t.d.s. for adults, and 50-100 ml t.d.s. for children over 5 years. This is for a period of 2 - 3 days.
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania
Vernacular name : mapeasi (Swahili)
Pyrus malus L.
Official name : Pyrus malus L.
Family : Rosaceae
Symptoms : H(006), H(091), H(126), H(113), H(163), H(178), H(179)
Recipes : H(091) to supply the body with vitamins, sugars, enzymes and minerals, H(113) rhumatisme, H(163) gout, H(126) liver and H(179) kidney diseases,H(006) laxative, as a H(091) stimulant and for the H(178) constriction of distended blood vessels
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania
Vernacular name : not communicated by the author
Warburgia ugandensis Sprague
Official name : Warburgia ugandensis Sprague
Family : Canellaceae
Symptoms : H(113), H(166)
Recipes : H(113) rheumatic and H(166) spasmodic patients, barks of Warburgia ugandensis of Ocotea usambarensis , roots of Myrica salicifolia, mixed in equal quantities and pounded to a powder. The dosage recommended is 5 ml to 100 ml of hot soup, and the treatment is continued until the patient feels better
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania
Vernacular name : mlifu (Swahili)
Ximenia caffra Sond.
Official name : Ximenia caffra Sond.
Family : Olacaceae
Synonyms : Ximenia americana L. var. caffra (Sond.) Engl. , Ximenia americana L. var. tomentosa Engl.
Symptoms : H(169)
Recipes : H(169) hernia, fresh or dry roots in pieces of +/- 4 cm of Deinbollia borbonica of Ximenia caffra of Balanitbes aegyptiaca. 7.5 cm Pieces are boiled with beef bones for 1 hr, and cooled cold and 100 ml are administered for 4-5 days. Each of the plants above can be prepared separately
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania
Vernacular name : mtumbwi (Swahili)