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Reference : HS 44

Author(s) : Sequeira, V.
Title : Medicinal plants and conservation in Sao Tome Biodiversity and Conservation 3, 910-926 (1994)
Reference HS 44 has information about 53 plants :
Acanthus montanus (Nees) T. Anderson
Official name : Acanthus montanus (Nees) T. Anderson
Family : Acanthaceae
Symptoms : H(082), H(104), H(108)
Recipes : H(082) asthma, infusion of leaves of Acanthus montanus, VO.
H(104) abdominal pains, H(108) cold, infusion of leaves, cold infusion, VO.
Region : Sao Tome
Country : Sao Tome
Vernacular name : cundu de muala vc
Achyranthes aspera L.
Official name : Achyranthes aspera L.
Family : Amaranthaceae
Synonyms : Achyranthes annua Dinter , Achyranthes indica (L.) Mill. , Achyranthes aspera L. var. sicula , Achyranthes obovata Peter.
Symptoms : H(004), H(091)
Recipes : H(004) small wounds, squeeze juice of Achyranthes aspera on affected areas
H(091) anaemia, ingest the leaves
Region : Sao Tome
Country : Sao Tome
Vernacular name : folha ponto
Ageratum conyzoides L.
Official name : Ageratum conyzoides L.
Family : Asteraceae
Symptoms : H(068), H(108), H(139)
Recipes : H(068) worm, whole plant of Ageratum conyzoides, infusion, VO.
H(108) colds, H(139) impotence, roots of Ageratum conyzoides + Chenopodium ambrosoides; infusion, VO.
Region : Sao Tome
Country : Sao Tome
Vernacular name : folha male
Alchornea cordifolia (Schum. & Thonn.) Müll. Arg.
Official name : Alchornea cordifolia (Schum. & Thonn.) Müll. Arg.
Family : Euphorbiaceae
Synonyms : Alchornea cordata Benth.
Symptoms : H(006), H(094)
Recipes : H(006) diarrhoea, leaves and roots of Alchomea cordifolia, infusion, VO.
H(094) haemorrhoids, leaves, crush with salt and soot, add water, apply to area
Region : Sao Tome
Country : Sao Tome
Vernacular name : bengue
Allophylus africanus P. Beauv.
Official name : Allophylus africanus P. Beauv.
Family : Sapindaceae
Symptoms : H(006), H(104), H(139)
Recipes : H(006) diarrhoea, H(104) abdominal pains, leaves, roots, barks of Allophyllus africanus, infusion
H(139) aphrodisiac, barks of Allophyllus africanus + Piper umbellatum + Psychotria peduncularis, infusion
Region : Sao Tome
Country : Sao Tome
Vernacular name : pau tres
Aloe humilis (L.) Mill.
Official name : Aloe humilis (L.) Mill.
Family : Asphodelaceae
Symptoms : H(111)
Recipes : H020y) stings and H(111) burn, rub on area the leaves of Aloe humilis
Region : Sao Tome
Country : Sao Tome
Vernacular name : babosa
Annona muricata L.
Official name : Annona muricata L.
Family : Annonaceae
Symptoms : H(018), H(113)
Recipes : H(018) headache, leaves of Annona muricata chop, mix with palm oil and anoint head
H(113) rheumatism, infusion of leaves of Annona muricata, VO.
Region : Sao Tome
Country : Sao Tome
Vernacular name : sapo-sapo
Artocarpus altilis (Parkinson) Fosberg
Official name : Artocarpus altilis (Parkinson) Fosberg
Family : Moraceae
Symptoms : H(151)
Recipes : H(151) high blood pressure, diabetes, leaves of Artocarpus incisa, infusion
Region : Sao Tome
Country : Sao Tome
Vernacular name : fruta-piio
Begonia baccata Hook. f.
Official name : Begonia baccata Hook. f.
Family : Begoniaceae
Symptoms : H(026), H(104)
Recipes : H(026) menstrual pain, H(104) abdominal pain, root of Begonia baccata, infusion, VO.
Region : Sao Tome
Country : Sao Tome
Vernacular name : folha bôba vermelha
Brillantaisia sp.
Official name : Brillantaisia sp.
Family : Acanthaceae
Symptoms : H(004), H(046)
Recipes : H(004) small wounds, decoction of leaves of Brillantaisia sp, bathe the area
H(046) measles, decoction of leaves of Brillantaisia sp, bathe
Region : Sao Tome
Country : Sao Tome
Vernacular name : mamleble
Bryophyllum pinnatum (Lam.) Kurz
Official name : Bryophyllum pinnatum (Lam.) Kurz
Family : Crassulaceae
Synonyms : Kalanchoe pinnata (Lam.) Pers.
Symptoms : H(003), H(003x)
Recipes : H(003) swelling and H(003x) bruises, leaves of Bryophyllum pinnatum, chop and apply
Region : Sao Tome
Country : Sao Tome
Vernacular name : folha damina
Carica papaya L.
Official name : Carica papaya L.
Family : Caricaceae
Symptoms : H(006), H(068), H(126)
Recipes : H(006) purgative fruit of Carica papaya, VO.
H(068) worm, seeds of Monodora myristica + Chenopodium ambrosoides + Carica papaya + garlic + cane spirit; administer one spoonful a day
H(068) worm, flowers in infusion, VO.
, H(068) worm, seeds,masticate
H(126) purgative, bark in infusion, VO.
Region : Sao Tome
Country : Sao Tome
Vernacular name : mamoeiro
Cassia occidentalis L.
Official name : Cassia occidentalis L.
Family : Fabaceae
Synonyms : Senna occidentalis (L.) Link
Symptoms : H(014), H(104), H(026)
Recipes : H(014) itchiness, leaves of Senna occidentalis, rub on area directly or as an infusion
H(104) abdominal pains and H(026) menstrual pain, leaves and roots of Senna occidentalis, infusion
Region : Sao Tome
Country : Sao Tome
Vernacular name : maioba
Cassia podocarpa Guill. & Perr.
Official name : Cassia podocarpa Guill. & Perr.
Family : Fabaceae
Symptoms : H(104)
Recipes : H(104) abdominal pains, leaves and roots of Cassia podocarpa, infusion
Region : Sao Tome
Country : Sao Tome
Vernacular name : folha zaia
Centella asiatica (L.) Urb.
Official name : Centella asiatica (L.) Urb.
Family : Apiaceae
Symptoms : H(053)
Recipes : H(053) earache, leaves of Centella asiatica, squeeze juice into ear
Region : Sao Tome
Country : Sao Tome
Vernacular name : folha viola
Chenopodium ambrosioides L.
Official name : Chenopodium ambrosioides L.
Family : Chenopodiaceae
Synonyms : Dysphania ambrosioides (L.) Mosyakin & Clemants
Symptoms : H(068), H(108), H(139)
Recipes : H(068) worm, seeds of Monodora myristica + Chenopodium ambrosoides + Carica papaya + garlic + cane spirit; administer one spoonful a day
H(068) worm, leaf infusion or eat with salt
H(108) colds, H(139) impotence, roots of Ageratum conyzoides + Chenopodium ambrosoides; infusion, VO.
Region : Sao Tome
Country : Sao Tome
Vernacular name : matruso
Cinchona sp.
Official name : Cinchona sp.
Family : Rubiaceae
Symptoms : H(051)
Recipes : H(051) paludism, H(104) abdominal pains, bark of Cinchona sp., infusion
Region : Sao Tome
Country : Sao Tome
Vernacular name : pau quina
Cinnamomum zeylanicum Blume
Official name : Cinnamomum zeylanicum Blume
Family : Lauraceae
Symptoms : H(033z)
Recipes : H(033z) contraceptive, bark of Cinnamomum zeylandica daily infusion
Region : Sao Tome
Country : Sao Tome
Vernacular name : pau canela
Cola acuminata (P. Beauv.) Schott & Endl.
Official name : Cola acuminata (P. Beauv.) Schott & Endl.
Family : Sterculiaceae
Synonyms : Sterculia acuminata P. Beauv.
Symptoms : H(091), H(104), H(075x)
Recipes : H(091) stimulant and H(075x) appetite suppressant, seeds of Sterculia acuminata, ingest
H(104) abdominal pains, bark, infusion, VO.
Region : Sao Tome
Country : Sao Tome
Vernacular name : coleira
Cymbopogon citratus (DC.) Stapf
Official name : Cymbopogon citratus (DC.) Stapf
Family : Poaceae
Symptoms : H(108)
Recipes : H(108) colds, leaves and roots of Cymbopogon citratus, ingest infusion
Region : Sao Tome
Country : Sao Tome
Vernacular name : folha gabiio
Elephantopus mollis Kunth
Official name : Elephantopus mollis Kunth
Family : Asteraceae
Symptoms : H(006), H(103)
Recipes : H(006) diarrhoea, young leaves of Elephantopus mollis, infusion
H(103) toothache, young leaves, masticate
Region : Sao Tome
Country : Sao Tome
Vernacular name : folha budo
Eryngium foetidum L.
Official name : Eryngium foetidum L.
Family : Apiaceae
Symptoms : H(037), H(104)
Recipes : H(037) cough, root of Eryngium foetidum, infusion, VO.
H(104) abdominal pains, leaves, crush and infusion
Region : Sao Tome
Country : Sao Tome
Vernacular name : celo sunzon maia
Eugenia uniflora L.
Official name : Eugenia uniflora L.
Family : Myrtaceae
Symptoms : H(104)
Recipes : H(104) intestinal pains, leaves of Eugenia uniflora, infusion
Region : Sao Tome
Country : Sao Tome
Vernacular name : pitangueira
Euphorbia prostrata Ait.
Official name : Euphorbia prostrata Ait.
Family : Euphorbiaceae
Symptoms : H(126)
Recipes : H(126) purgative whole plant of Euphorbia prostrata, infusion
Region : Sao Tome
Country : Sao Tome
Vernacular name : folha formiga
Ficus kamerunensis Warb. ex Mildbr. & Burret
Official name : Ficus kamerunensis Warb. ex Mildbr. & Burret
Family : Moraceae
Symptoms : H(001)
Recipes : H(001) eye inflammation, leaves of Ficus kamerunensis, drip cool infusion into eye
Region : Sao Tome
Country : Sao Tome
Vernacular name : mussunda
Harungana madagascariensis Lam. ex Poir.
Official name : Harungana madagascariensis Lam. ex Poir.
Family : Hypericaceae
Symptoms : H(006), H(152)
Recipes : H(006) laxative, bark of Harungara madagascarensis, ingest infusion
H(152) gives blood, bark, bathe in infusion
Region : Sao Tome
Country : Sao Tome
Vernacular name : pau sangue
Heliotropium indicum L.
Official name : Heliotropium indicum L.
Family : Boraginaceae
Symptoms : H(013)
Recipes : H(013) ulcers, leaves, crush leaves of Heliotropium indicum with palm oil; apply on affected area
Region : Sao Tome
Country : Sao Tome
Vernacular name : folha galo
Jatropha curcas L.
Official name : Jatropha curcas L.
Family : Euphorbiaceae
Symptoms : H(006)
Recipes : H(006) purgative, leaves of Jatropha curcas, infusion, Jatropha curcas
Region : Sao Tome
Country : Sao Tome
Vernacular name : folha grâo
Leonotis nepetifolia (L.) R.Br.
Official name : Leonotis nepetifolia (L.) R.Br.
Family : Lamiaceae
Symptoms : H(014), H(038), H(104)
Recipes : H(014) eczema, leaves of Leonotis nepetifolia mix with palm oil and rub on area
H(104) abdominal pains, H(038) urinary problems, root of Leonotis nepetifolia, infusion
Region : Sao Tome
Country : Sao Tome
Vernacular name : pinicane
Mikania chenopodiifolia Willd.
Official name : Mikania chenopodiifolia Willd.
Family : Asteraceae
Symptoms : H(038), H(100)
Recipes : H(038) urinary tract, leaves of Mikania chenopodifolia, infusion
H(100) venereal disease, leaves, crush with H(108) cold water, sieve and ingest
Region : Sao Tome
Country : Sao Tome
Vernacular name : mato cana
Momordica charantia L.
Official name : Momordica charantia L.
Family : Cucurbitaceae
Symptoms : H(051), H(068)
Recipes : H(051) fevers, H(068) worm, whole plant of Momordica charantia, infusion
Region : Sao Tome
Country : Sao Tome
Vernacular name : stlofi
Monodora myristica (Gaertn.) Dunal
Official name : Monodora myristica (Gaertn.) Dunal
Family : Annonaceae
Symptoms : H(068), H(104)
Recipes : H(068) worm seeds of Monodora myristica + Chenopodium ambrosoides + Carica papaya + garlic + cane spirit; administer one spoonful a day
H(104) abdominal pains, chew the seeds of Monodora myristica
Region : Sao Tome
Country : Sao Tome
Vernacular name : iobo
Morinda lucida Benth.
Official name : Morinda lucida Benth.
Family : Rubiaceae
Symptoms : H(003x), H(004), H(051)
Recipes : H(003x) bruises and H(004) wounds, leaves and roots of Morinda lucida massage of infusion or add alcohol and massage
H(051) fevers, leaves, crush with coconut oil and ingest
Region : Sao Tome
Country : Sao Tome
Vernacular name : grigô
Ocimum gratissimum L.
Official name : Ocimum gratissimum L.
Family : Lamiaceae
Symptoms : H(050), H(104)
Recipes : H(104) abdominal pains, leaves of Ocimum gratissimum, infusion
H(050) flatulence, flowers, infusion
Region : Sao Tome
Country : Sao Tome
Vernacular name : mikôkô
Olyra latifolia L.
Official name : Olyra latifolia L.
Family : Poaceae
Symptoms : H(038)
Recipes : H(038) urinary tract, root of Olyra latifolia + cane spirit, VO.
Region : Sao Tome
Country : Sao Tome
Vernacular name : impiala
Oxalis corymbosa DC.
Official name : Oxalis corymbosa DC.
Family : Oxalidaceae
Symptoms : H(118)
Recipes : H(118) sore throat, whole plant of Oxalis corymbosa, crush and ingest with salt
Region : Sao Tome
Country : Sao Tome
Vernacular name : madringueiro
Passiflora foetida L.
Official name : Passiflora foetida L.
Family : Passifloraceae
Symptoms : H(126)
Recipes : H(126) purgative, leaves of Passiflora foetida, infusion
Region : Sao Tome
Country : Sao Tome
Vernacular name : maracuja do mato
Paullinia pinnata L.
Official name : Paullinia pinnata L.
Family : Sapindaceae
Symptoms : H(006), H(037), H(091), H(098)
Recipes : H(006) purgative, leaves of Paullinia pinnata, infusion
H(037) chest pains, roots, chew
H(091) relaxant and H(098) sleeping agent, leaves, infusion
Region : Sao Tome
Country : Sao Tome
Vernacular name : coroko
Pentaclethra macrophylla Benth.
Official name : Pentaclethra macrophylla Benth.
Family : Fabaceae
Symptoms : H(012)
Recipes : H(012) fractures and dislocations, bark of Pentaclethra macrophylla, RNS. Massage
Region : Sao Tome
Country : Sao Tome
Vernacular name : moandim
Piper umbellatum L.
Official name : Piper umbellatum L.
Family : Piperaceae
Synonyms : Piper subpeltatum Willd.
Symptoms : H(104), H(139)
Recipes : H(104) abdominal pains, roots of Piper umhellatum, infusion
H(139) aphrodisiac, barks of Allophyllus africanus + Piper umbellatum + Psychotria peduncularis, infusion
Region : Sao Tome
Country : Sao Tome
Vernacular name : folha boba branca
Psidium guajava L.
Official name : Psidium guajava L.
Family : Myrtaceae
Symptoms : H(008), H(082), H(103)
Recipes : H(008) dysentery, young leaves, infusion of Psidium guajava, or green fruit, ingest
H(082) bad breath and H(103) toothache, leaves; masticate
Region : Sao Tome
Country : Sao Tome
Vernacular name : goiaba
Psychotria peduncularis (Salisb.) Steyerm.
Official name : Psychotria peduncularis (Salisb.) Steyerm.
Family : Rubiaceae
Symptoms : H(051), H(126), H(139)
Recipes : H(051) fevers, leaf of Psychotria peduncularis infusion three times a day
H(126) purgative, leaf, cold infusion
H(139) aphrodisiac, barks of Allophyllus africanus + Piper umbellatum + Psychotria peduncularis, infusion
Region : Sao Tome
Country : Sao Tome
Vernacular name : alho d'obô
Rauvolfia sp.
Official name : Rauvolfia sp.
Family : Apocynaceae
Symptoms : H(104)
Recipes : H(104) abdominal pains, infusion of barks of Rauvolfia sp.
Region : Sao Tome
Country : Sao Tome
Vernacular name : cata pequena
Ricinus communis L.
Official name : Ricinus communis L.
Family : Euphorbiaceae
Symptoms : H(014), H(033), H(111)
Recipes : H(033) fertility, leaves of Ricinus communis, infusion, VO.
H(111) burn and H(014) eczema, seed oil of apply to affected area
Region : Sao Tome
Country : Sao Tome
Vernacular name : mamon6
Santiria trimera (Oliv.) Aubrév.
Official name : Santiria trimera (Oliv.) Aubrév.
Family : Burseraceae
Symptoms : H(004), H(013)
Recipes : H(004) wound and H(013) abcesses, bark of Santiria trimera, crush into powder; apply on affected area
Region : Sao Tome
Country : Sao Tome
Vernacular name : pau ôleo
Setaria megaphylla (Steud.) Dur. & Schinz
Official name : Setaria megaphylla (Steud.) Dur. & Schinz
Family : Poaceae
Synonyms : Setaria chevalieri Stapf
Symptoms : H(007)
Recipes : H(007) diuretic, root of Setaria megaphylla, infusion, VO.
Region : Sao Tome
Country : Sao Tome
Vernacular name : uaga-uaga
Solanum macrocarpon L.
Official name : Solanum macrocarpon L.
Family : Solanaceae
Symptoms : H(091)
Recipes : H(091) strengthen body, leaves of Solanum macrocarpon, infusion
Region : Sao Tome
Country : Sao Tome
Vernacular name : makeke
Struchium sparganophorum (L.) Kuntze
Official name : Struchium sparganophorum (L.) Kuntze
Family : Apocynaceae
Symptoms : H(000)
Recipes : H(000) aches, leaves of Struchium sparganophora add oil and rub on area
Region : Sao Tome
Country : Sao Tome
Vernacular name : libo d'agua
Terminalia catappa L.
Official name : Terminalia catappa L.
Family : Combretaceae
Symptoms : H(006)
Recipes : H(006) diarrhoea, bark of Terminalia catappa, infusion, VO.
Region : Sao Tome
Country : Sao Tome
Vernacular name : caroceiro
Toona ciliata M. Roem.
Official name : Toona ciliata M. Roem.
Family : Meliaceae
Symptoms : H(000), H(051)
Recipes : H(051) fevers, leaves and barks of Toona ciliata, infusion
H(000) aches, leaves and barks, massage
Region : Sao Tome
Country : Sao Tome
Vernacular name : cedrela
Trema orientalis (L.) Blume
Official name : Trema orientalis (L.) Blume
Family : Ulmaceae
Synonyms : Sponia orientalis var. affinis (Planch.) Baker , Trema guineensis (Schum. & Thonn. ) Ficalho
Symptoms : H(006), H(027v), H(100)
Recipes : H(006) diarrhoea, bark, root of Trema guineensis, infusion, VO.
H(027v) pre-natal pain, bark, infusion, VO.
H(100) venereal disease, bark, leaves, roots of Trema guineensis, infusion, VO.
Region : Sao Tome
Country : Sao Tome
Vernacular name : pau cabra
Vernonia amygdalina Delile
Official name : Vernonia amygdalina Delile
Family : Asteraceae
Synonyms : Vernonia senegalensis A. Chev. , Gymnanthemum amygdalinum (Delile) Sch. Bip. Ex Walp.
Symptoms : H(051)
Recipes : H(051) fevers, leaves of Vernonia amygdalina, infusion, VO.
Region : Sao Tome
Country : Sao Tome
Vernacular name : libo mucambtl, libo da terra
Voacanga africana Stapf
Official name : Voacanga africana Stapf
Family : Apocynaceae
Symptoms : H(004), H(006), H(026)
Recipes : H(004) small wounds, squeeze leaf juice of Voacanga africana on affected area
H(006) laxative, root, infusion, VO.
H(026) menstrual pain, bark in cold infusion
Region : Sao Tome
Country : Sao Tome
Vernacular name : cata grande