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Reference : HS 51

Author(s) : Sobiecki, J.F.
Title : A review of plants used in divination in southern Africa and their psychoactive effects Southern African Humanities, Vol. 20 , Pages 333–351, December, 2008 Pietermaritzburg
Reference HS 51 has information about 99 plants :
Adenopodia spicata (E. Mey.) Presl
Official name : Adenopodia spicata (E. Mey.) Presl
Family : Fabaceae
Symptoms : H(167z)
Recipes : H(167z) psychoactive effects, roots of Adenopodia spicata, infusions are taken orally by diviners as emetics to increase divining powers (Zulu)
Region : Southern Africa
Country : South Africa
Vernacular name : ibobo/ubobo (Zulu)
Agapanthus campanulatus F. M. Leight.
Official name : Agapanthus campanulatus F. M. Leight.
Family : Amaryllidaceae
Symptoms : H(167z)
Recipes : H(167z) psychoactive effects, roots of Agapanthus campanulatus wich are used in the initiation of indigenous healers in South Africa Ubulawu preparations Zulu, Sotho and Tswana
H(167z) psychoactive effects, roots of Agapanthus campanulatus used to treat people “who have the spirit”, a type of psycho-spiritual illness Sotho : This language group includes Northern Sotho, South Sotho and Tswana
H(167z) psychoactive effects, roots of Agapanthus campanulatus used by diviners in South Africa to induce dreams of the ancestors N Podile pers comm
Region : Southern Africa
Country : South Africa
Vernacular name : leta-la-phofu (Sotho), ubani (Zulu)
Agrostis bergiana Trin
Official name : Agrostis bergiana Trin
Family : Poaceae
Symptoms : H(167z)
Recipes : H(167z) psychoactive effects, parts of Agrostis bergiana used unknown Used when working the divining bones Sotho : This language group includes Northern Sotho, South Sotho and Tswana
Region : Southern Africa
Country : South Africa
Vernacular name : yoang ba phorora (Sotho)
Albizia adianthifolia (Schum.) W. F. Wight
Official name : Albizia adianthifolia (Schum.) W. F. Wight
Family : Fabaceae
Symptoms : H(167z)
Recipes : H(167z) psychoactive effects Unidentified partsof Albizia adianthifolia are taken orally to induce dreams and improve the memory
Region : Southern Africa
Country : South Africa
Vernacular name : muvhadangoma (Venda)
Albizia suluensis Gerstner
Official name : Albizia suluensis Gerstner
Family : Fabaceae
Symptoms : H(167z)
Recipes : H(167z) psychoactive effects, parts used of Albizia suluensis unknown A stirred macerate is taken orally by healers to induce trances Zulu. Used for nervous complaints Zulu
Region : Southern Africa
Country : South Africa
Vernacular name : ingweb’enkulu/ unyazangoma (Zulu)
Alepidea amatymbica Eckl. & Zeyh. var. amatymbica
Official name : Alepidea amatymbica Eckl. & Zeyh. var. amatymbica
Family : Apiaceae
Symptoms : H(099), H(167z)
Recipes : H(167z) psychoactive effects, aerial parts, root of Alepidea amatymbica; dry rhizome and roots are smoked, or powdered and taken as a snuff by South African diviners to assist divination and communication with the ancestors
H(099) It is used to help prevent nervousness Zulu
H(167z) psychoactive effects It is used as a lotion to wash the divining bones Sotho : This language group includes Northern Sotho, South Sotho and Tswana
Region : Southern Africa
Country : South Africa
Vernacular name : lesoko (Sotho), ikhathazo (Zulu)
Anisophyllea boehmii Engl.
Official name : Anisophyllea boehmii Engl.
Family : Anisophylleaceae
Symptoms : H(201)
Recipes : H(201) ritual The bark of Anisophyllea boehmii is boiled and the leaves are made into a cold-water infusion that is taken orally together with other plants as a drinking medicine in the ihamba spirit exorcism ritual Ndembu: Zambia/Angola/Zaire
Region : Southern Africa
Country : South Africa
Vernacular name : mufungu (Ndembu: Zambia/Angola/Zaïre)
Argyrolobium tomentosum (Andrews) Druce
Official name : Argyrolobium tomentosum (Andrews) Druce
Family : Fabaceae
Symptoms : H(167z)
Recipes : H(167z) psychoactive effects, root of Argyrolobium tomentosumin infusions are taken by diviners as H55 emetics to sharpen their vision Zulu [1]
Region : Southern Africa
Country : South Africa
Vernacular name : umadlozana ompofu (Zulu)
Avonia rhodesica (N.E.Br.) G.D.Rowley
Official name : Avonia rhodesica (N.E.Br.) G.D.Rowley
Family : Portulacaceae
Symptoms :
Recipes : H(167z) psychoactive effects Chenopodium ambrosioides Used in rain making rituals together with other psychoactive plants such as Datura stramonium and Avonia rhodesica Tswana
H(167z) psychoactive effects of Avonia rhodesica used unknown A beer additive in Zimbabwe, it is reported to have hallucinogenic and narcotic activity
H(167z) psychoactive effects Avonia rhodesica Used in rainmaking rituals together with other psychoactive plants such as Datura stramonium and Chenopodium ambrosioidesTswana
H(167z) psychoactive effects Chenopodium ambrosioides Used in rain making rituals together with other psychoactive plants such as Datura stramonium and Avonia rhodesica Tswana
Region : Southern Africa
Country : South Africa
Vernacular name : tirika (Shona)
Bauhinia bowkeri Harv.
Official name : Bauhinia bowkeri Harv.
Family : Fabaceae
Symptoms : H(055), H(167z)
Recipes : H(167z) psychoactive effects, bark o fBauhinia bowkeri for an H(055) emetic used by unspecified groups in South Africa It can produce weak hallucinations. It is used to assist divination. A powerful muti used by healers in South Africa as a snuff before sleeping to "open the mind” Zulu
Region : Southern Africa
Country : South Africa
Vernacular name : umdlandlovu (Zulu)
Boophone disticha (L.f.) Herbert
Official name : Boophone disticha (L.f.) Herbert
Family : Amaryllidaceae
Symptoms : H(000), H(167z), H(210)
Recipes : H(167z) psychoactive effects, Bulb of Boophone disticha in decoctions, which are toxic, are used in small amounts as a hallucinogen to aid divination in South Africa Zulu [44]
H(210) Bulbs are also used as narcotics Sotho : This language group includes Northern Sotho, South Sotho and Tswana, Xhosa [4]
H(099) Unspecified groups use a weak decoction of the bulb scales as a sedative for violent, psychotic patients [47]
H(167z) psychoactive effects Described as “rousing the spirits” in Zimbabwe [1]
H(167z) psychoactive effects,A bulb decoction of Dioscorea dregeana is combined with the hallucinogen Boophone distichain a mixture that is used to aid divination in South Africa
H(167z) psychoactive effects Clove of Tulbaghia capensis, Reportedly used as an admixture with the hallucinogen Boophone distichafor divination in South Africa G Tau pers comm
H Tulbaghia capensis may have similar sedative properties or uses that may mitigate unpleasant side-effects such as anxiety or panic experienced with Boophone disticha hallucinations
Region : Southern Africa
Country : South Africa
Vernacular name : leshoma (Sotho), incwadi (Xhosa), incotho (Zulu)
Boscia albitrunca (Burch.) Gilg & Gilg-Ben.
Official name : Boscia albitrunca (Burch.) Gilg & Gilg-Ben.
Family : Capparaceae
Symptoms : H(000), H(099), H(167z)
Recipes : H roots of Boscia albitruncaare used for medical and magical purposes Zulu [4]
H(099) roots for epilepsy in South Africa have been recorded [48]
H(167z) psychoactive effects The bark is used in the initiation of diviners in South Africa as an ubulawu preparation,the froth of which is eaten, to “see things”, indicating possible psychoactive effects hallucinogenic activity and enables “the ancestors to speak through you”
Region : Southern Africa
Country : South Africa
Vernacular name : umvithi (Zulu)
Brachylaena discolor DC.
Official name : Brachylaena discolor DC.
Family : Asteraceae
Symptoms : H(167z)
Recipes : H(167z) psychoactive effects Brachylaena discolor used by diviners to communicate with the ancestral spirits Zulu [] Indigenous healers in South Africa ingest root infusions for divinatory purposes DMillard pers comm
Region : Southern Africa
Country : South Africa
Vernacular name : ipahla/isiduli/umphaphla (Zulu)
Brachylaena elliptica (Thunb.) DC.
Official name : Brachylaena elliptica (Thunb.) DC.
Family : Asteraceae
Symptoms : H(167z)
Recipes : H(167z) psychoactive effects Brachylaena elliptica has uses in treating hysteria in South Africa [44]
Region : Southern Africa
Country : South Africa
Vernacular name : not registered by the author
Brunsvigia radulosa Herb.
Official name : Brunsvigia radulosa Herb.
Family : Amaryllidaceae
Symptoms : H(167z)
Recipes : H(167z) psychoactive effects The plant of Brunsvigia radulosa is used to wash the divining bones to “give greater accuracy” Sotho : This language group includes Northern Sotho, South Sotho and Tswana
Region : Southern Africa
Country : South Africa
Vernacular name : lematla (Sotho)
Cannabis sativa L.
Official name : Cannabis sativa L.
Family : Cannabaceae
Symptoms : H(167z)
Recipes : H(167z) psychoactive effects leaves of Cannabis sativaIn South Africa its use for medicinal, recreational and spiritual purposes is widespread among healers and non-healers from various ethnic groups South African diviners sometimes smoke the leaf with other plants to aid divination L Masinga pers comm
Region : Southern Africa
Country : South Africa
Vernacular name : dagga (Afr), marijuana (E), matokwane(Sotho), umya (Xhosa) insangu (Zulu)
Canthium ciliatum (Klotzsch) Kuntze
Official name : Canthium ciliatum (Klotzsch) Kuntze
Family : Rubiaceae
Symptoms : H(055), H(167z)
Recipes : H(167z) psychoactive effects Roots of Canthium ciliatum are used as a substitute for Turraea floribunda Hocsht in H55 emetics to induce trances before divining dances Zulu [14] Other Canthium species have psychoactive uses in Zimbabwe [1]
Region : Southern Africa
Country : South Africa
Vernacular name : umevana (Zulu)
Canthium inerme (L. f.) Kuntze
Official name : Canthium inerme (L. f.) Kuntze
Family : Rubiaceae
Symptoms : H(201)
Recipes : H1 ritual Unspecified parts of Canthium inerme are prepared into a cold-water infusion that is taken orally with other plants as a drinking medicine in the ihamba spirit exorcism ritual Ndembu: Zambia/Angola/Zaire [45] Psychoactive effects were experienced after the infusion was taken [45]
Region : Southern Africa
Country : South Africa
Vernacular name : muhotuhotu (Ndembu: Zambia/Angola/Zaïre)
Casearia gladiiformis Mast.
Official name : Casearia gladiiformis Mast.
Family : Flacourtiaceae
Symptoms : H(167z)
Recipes : H(167z) psychoactive effects The initiate diviner is administered a decoction containing this plant, through the eyes, in the Tsonga Gobo basin ritual Divining powers are learnt through this ritual, with psychoactive effects A plant called umjulukai is said to be used for mental disorders Zulu [4]
Region : Southern Africa
Country : South Africa
Vernacular name : psekamafura (Tsonga), umjuluka (Zulu)
Cassia mimosoides L.
Official name : Cassia mimosoides L.
Family : Fabaceae
Synonyms : Chamaecrista mimosoides (L.) Greene
Symptoms : H(099), H(167z)
Recipes : H(167z) psychoactive effects Powdered root of Chamaecrista mimosoidesinfusions are taken orally to remember dreams Zulu [1], and the plant is also used to induce sleep Xhosa
H(167z) psychoactive effects African diviners use an H(055) emetic made from the roots to induce dreams of the ancestors
H“The Cassia genus contains a number of substances that have sedative, depressant, and toxic effects”
H(167z) psychoactive effects !Kung Bushmen may use Cassia species to facilitate the induction of trance states that are used for divining San
Region : Southern Africa
Country : South Africa
Vernacular name : umbonisela/imbubu yotaboni (Zulu)
Chenopodium ambrosioides L.
Official name : Chenopodium ambrosioides L.
Family : Chenopodiaceae
Synonyms : Dysphania ambrosioides (L.) Mosyakin & Clemants
Symptoms : H(099), H(167z)
Recipes : H(167z) psychoactive effects leaves of Chenopodium ambrosioides used by South African diviners in a mixture that is burnt to invoke the ancestors ebaso and can be used as a snuff that has an intoxicating action Tsonga
H Leaves are used as medicines in Zimbabwe for madness and convulsions
H(167z) psychoactive effects Chenopodium ambrosioides Used in rainmaking rituals together with other psychoactive plants such as Datura stramonium Land Avonia rhodesica NEBr GDRowleyTswana [8]
H(167z) psychoactive effects Avonia rhodesica Used in rainmaking rituals together with other psychoactive plants such as Datura stramonium and Chenopodium ambrosioidesTswana
Region : Southern Africa
Country : South Africa
Vernacular name : tlhatlhabadimo (Tsonga)
Commiphora africana (A.Rich.) Engl. var. africana
Official name : Commiphora africana (A.Rich.) Engl. var. africana
Family : Burseraceae
Symptoms : H(092), H(167z)
Recipes : H(092) poison The Diamphidia vittatipennis beetle larvae eat the leaves of Commiphora africanavar africana, and produce diamphidia toxin which is used as an arrow poison
H(167z) psychoactive effects However, ingested or smoked, it is non-toxic to mammals and it is reported that the dried and powdered larvae are smoked together with tobacco by the San, causing them to fall into a state of drunkenness and hallucination This plant may have had uses in aiding trances among the San
Region : Southern Africa
Country : South Africa
Vernacular name : not registered by the author
Crabbea acaulis N.E.Br
Official name : Crabbea acaulis N.E.Br
Family : Acanthaceae
Symptoms : H(167z)
Recipes : H(167z) psychoactive effects Crabbea acaulis used by diviners when working the divining bones Sotho : This language group includes Northern Sotho, South Sotho and Tswana []
Region : Southern Africa
Country : South Africa
Vernacular name : letsoejane (Sotho)
Crabbea hirsuta Harv.
Official name : Crabbea hirsuta Harv.
Family : Acanthaceae
Symptoms : H(099), H(167z)
Recipes : H(167z) psychoactive effects roots of Crabbea hirsutacommonly used in conjunction with the divining bones Sotho : This language group includes Northern Sotho, South Sotho and Tswana
H(099) unspecified groups in Zimbabwe use the roots of Crabbea hirsuta administered in porridge for madness
Region : Southern Africa
Country : South Africa
Vernacular name : letsoejane/mereko (Sotho)
Cynodon dactylon (L.) Pers.
Official name : Cynodon dactylon (L.) Pers.
Family : Poaceae
Symptoms : H(167z)
Recipes : H(167z) psychoactive effects The root of Cynodon dactylon is infused with the whole plant of Diplolophium zambesianum Hiern and other ingredients and taken orally by diviners in Zimbabwe to “rouse the spirits” [1]
Region : Southern Africa
Country : South Africa
Vernacular name : tsangadzi (Shona)
Cyperus fastigiatus Rottb.
Official name : Cyperus fastigiatus Rottb.
Family : Cyperaceae
Symptoms : H(167z)
Recipes : H(167z) psychoactive effects whole plant of Cyperus fastigiatus ingredient of a special horn medicine used in the diviners initiation ceremonies (Sotho medicine man wearing amulet horn necklace and fur headdress) : This language group includes Northern Sotho, South Sotho and Tswana, [8]
Region : Southern Africa
Country : South Africa
Vernacular name : mothoto (Sotho)
Datura metel L.
Official name : Datura metel L.
Family : Solanaceae
Synonyms : Datura alba Nees , Datura fastuosa L.
Symptoms : H(167z)
Recipes : H(167z) psychoactive effectsUnspecified parts of Datura metel are taken to induce hallucination in the final rite of the Tsonga girls puberty school The use of the plant and its hallucinogenic effects are believed to aid spiritual contact [4] Mondzo= "to see"
Region : Southern Africa
Country : South Africa
Vernacular name : mondzo(Tsonga), iloyi(Zulu)
Datura stramonium L.
Official name : Datura stramonium L.
Family : Solanaceae
Symptoms : H(167z)
Recipes : H(167z) psychoactive effects Chenopodium ambrosioides Used in rain making rituals together with other psychoactive plants such as Datura stramonium Land Avonia rhodesica NEBr GDRowleyTswana
H(167z) psychoactive effects powdered roots and leaves are inhaled as snuff to aid divining in South Africa Zulu
H(167z) psychoactive effects Avonia rhodesica Used in rainmaking rituals together with other psychoactive plants such as Datura stramonium and Chenopodium ambrosioidesTswana
Region : Southern Africa
Country : South Africa
Vernacular name : iloyi/iyoli/iyoye (Zulu)
Dianthus albens Aiton
Official name : Dianthus albens Aiton
Family : Caryophyllaceae
Symptoms : H(167z)
Recipes : H(167z) psychoactive effects An infusion of the crushed root of Dianthus albens is taken orally during the initiation of diviners to induce vivid dreams related to the ancestral spirits or spirit animals isilo Xhosa
Region : Southern Africa
Country : South Africa
Vernacular name : not registered by the author
Dianthus crenatus Thunb.
Official name : Dianthus crenatus Thunb.
Family : Caryophyllaceae
Symptoms : H(167z)
Recipes : H(167z) psychoactive effects Cold water of Dianthus crenatus root infusions are taken as H(055) emetics by diviners to clear their vision and sharpen their divining faculties Zulu
H(167z) psychoactive effects, used by indigenous healers in South Africa as an ubulawu preparation that is taken orally to induce dreams M Hirst perscomm particular plants in ubulawu mixtures produces synergistic or complementary psychoactive effects
Region : Southern Africa
Country : South Africa
Vernacular name : tjanibeswe (Zulu)
Dianthus mooiensis F.N.Williams
Official name : Dianthus mooiensis F.N.Williams
Family : Caryophyllaceae
Symptoms : H(055), H(167z)
Recipes : H(167z) psychoactive effects Dianthus mooiensis sold in the Johannesburg muti markets as a lucky charm potion pers observ Used by healers in South Africa as an H55 emetic to allow for communication with the ancestors in dreams Nonkazimlo pers comm; Mhlongo pers comm
H(167z) psychoactive effectsused in South Africa as a snuff that opens one’s mind to ideas G Tau pers comm
Region : Southern Africa
Country : South Africa
Vernacular name : tjanibeswe (Zulu)
Dioscorea dregeana (Kunth) T.Durand & Schinz
Official name : Dioscorea dregeana (Kunth) T.Durand & Schinz
Family : Dioscoreaceae
Symptoms : H(099), H(167z)
Recipes : H(167z) psychoactive effects A bulb decoction of Dioscorea dregeana is combined with the hallucinogen Boophone distichain a mixture that is used to aid divination in South Africa
H(099), Decoctions of the tuber have numerous other psychoactive uses, for example, in treating hysteria and insanity Zulu
Region : Southern Africa
Country : South Africa
Vernacular name : isidakwa/ingcolo/ilabatheka (Zulu)
Diplolophium zambesianum Hiern
Official name : Diplolophium zambesianum Hiern
Family : Apiaceae
Symptoms : H(167z)
Recipes : H(167z) psychoactive effects The whole plant of Diplolophium zambesianumis infused with the root of Cynodon dactylon and other ingredients and taken orally by diviners in Zimbabwe to “rouse the spirits”
Region : Southern Africa
Country : South Africa
Vernacular name : not registered by the author
Dolichos pratensis (E.Meyer) Tauber
Official name : Dolichos pratensis (E.Meyer) Tauber
Family : Fabaceae
Symptoms : H(167z)
Recipes : H(167z) psychoactive effects Dolichos pratensis used by diviners in ‘working’ the divining bones Sotho : This language group includes Northern Sotho, South Sotho and Tswana []
Region : Southern Africa
Country : South Africa
Vernacular name : letomoko (Sotho)
Eleutherine bulbosa (Mill.) Urb.
Official name : Eleutherine bulbosa (Mill.) Urb.
Family : Iridaceae
Symptoms : H(167z)
Recipes : H(167z) psychoactive effectsBulb ofEleutherine bulbosa is believed to be used by indigenous healers for its magical and hallucinatory properties Zulu []
Region : Southern Africa
Country : South Africa
Vernacular name : abanqonqosi/ababomvu (Zulu)
Entada rheedei Spreng.
Official name : Entada rheedei Spreng.
Family : Fabaceae
Symptoms : H(167z)
Recipes : H(167z) psychoactive effects Tobacco smoked in a pipe made from the seed of Entada rheedii has been reported to cause vivid dreaming [47]
H(167z) psychoactive effectsEntada rheedii traditionally used by diviners in South Africa to remember dreams Zulu
Region : Southern Africa
Country : South Africa
Vernacular name : umbhone (Zulu)
Erythrophleum lasianthum Corb.
Official name : Erythrophleum lasianthum Corb.
Family : Fabaceae
Symptoms : H(167z)
Recipes : H(167z) psychoactive effects, a snuff made from the bark of Erythrophleum lasianthum has a mild drugging action on a person Zulu and is also used for treating H hysteria Zulu [41] It is used to aid divination L Masinga pers comm, and in spiritual rituals, including poison ordeals, in Africa
Region : Southern Africa
Country : South Africa
Vernacular name : umkhwangu/umbhemise (Zulu)
Euclea coriacea A.DC.
Official name : Euclea coriacea A.DC.
Family : Ebenaceae
Symptoms : H(167z)
Recipes : H(167z) psychoactive effects Euclea coriacea used by diviners to wash the divining bones to give them accuracy Sotho : This language group includes Northern Sotho, South Sotho and Tswana
Region : Southern Africa
Country : South Africa
Vernacular name : balikokotana (Sotho)
Ferraria glutinosa (Baker) Rendle
Official name : Ferraria glutinosa (Baker) Rendle
Family : Iridaceae
Symptoms : H(167z)
Recipes : H(167z) psychoactive effects Ferraria glutinosa was reported by Lee [1], and Katz [6] as having psychoactive properties to aid the novice to enter kiaor the trance state that was used for divining San [5]
Region : Southern Africa
Country : South Africa
Vernacular name : gaise noru noru (San)
Galium capense Thunb. subsp. Garipense (Sond.)
Official name : Galium capense Thunb. subsp. Garipense (Sond.)
Family : Rubiaceae
Symptoms : H(167z)
Recipes : H(167z) psychoactive effects Used in an ubulawu preparation that is taken orally, for those “with the spirit” making the patient dream and curing them of their psychological or spiritual illness Sotho : This language group includes Northern Sotho, South Sotho and Tswana
H(167z) psychoactive effects Mabone connotes “to see”, and the plant is said to be used in divination in South Africaparticular plants in ubulawu mixtures produces synergistic or complementary psychoactive effects
Region : Southern Africa
Country : South Africa
Vernacular name : seharane/mabone (Sotho)
Galium mucroniferum Sond. var. dregeanum (Sond.) Puff
Official name : Galium mucroniferum Sond. var. dregeanum (Sond.) Puff
Family : Rubiaceae
Symptoms : H(167z)
Recipes : H(167z) psychoactive effects Unspecified parts of Galium mucroniferum are made into a decoction that is drunk by diviners, enabling them to see the meaning of the divining bones clearly Sotho : This language group includes Northern Sotho, South Sotho and Tswana []
H(167z) psychoactive effects One of the four vines used in the initiation of diviners Sotho : This language group includes Northern Sotho, South Sotho and Tswana []
Region : Southern Africa
Country : South Africa
Vernacular name : seharane/mali-a-phalla (Sotho)
Geranium incanum Burm. f.
Official name : Geranium incanum Burm. f.
Family : Geraniaceae
Symptoms : H(167z)
Recipes : H(167z) psychoactive effects Geranium incanum used by diviners when the divining bones are being worked Sotho : This language group includes Northern Sotho, South Sotho and Tswana []
Region : Southern Africa
Country : South Africa
Vernacular name : hlapi-e-kholo/tlako (Sotho)
Gnidia capitata L.f.
Official name : Gnidia capitata L.f.
Family : Thymelaeaceae
Symptoms : H(167z)
Recipes : H(167z) psychoactive effects Gnidia capitata provides a divinatory torch to discover thieves or other ‘malefactors’ Sotho : This language group includes Northern Sotho, South Sotho and Tswana
Region : Southern Africa
Country : South Africa
Vernacular name : setele/thopa (Sotho)
Haplocarpha scaposa Harv.
Official name : Haplocarpha scaposa Harv.
Family : Asteraceae
Symptoms : H(167z)
Recipes : H(167z) psychoactive effects Haplocarpha scaposaused by diviners when consulting the divining bones Sotho : This language group includes Northern Sotho, South Sotho and Tswana
Region : Southern Africa
Country : South Africa
Vernacular name : papetloane(Sotho)
Helichrysum aureonitens Sch.Bip
Official name : Helichrysum aureonitens Sch.Bip
Family : Asteraceae
Symptoms : H(167z)
Recipes : H(167z) psychoactive effects Helichrysum aureonitens thought to be used by izangomato induce trance states Zulu
H(167z) psychoactive effects Callaway describes how eating imphepho is considered vital to the proper initiation of a Zulu diviner
Region : Southern Africa
Country : South Africa
Vernacular name : imphepho/impepo (Zulu)
Helichrysum decorum DC.
Official name : Helichrysum decorum DC.
Family : Asteraceae
Symptoms : H(167z)
Recipes : H167z psychoactive effect Helichrysum decorum is used to induce trance states by inhaling smoke from burning plants Zulu
H(167z) psychoactive effects Callaway describes how eating imphepho is considered vital to the proper initiation of a Zulu diviner
Region : Southern Africa
Country : South Africa
Vernacular name : imphepho/impepo (Zulu)
Helinus integrifolius (Lam.) Kuntze
Official name : Helinus integrifolius (Lam.) Kuntze
Family : Rhamnaceae
Symptoms : H(167z)
Recipes : H(167z) psychoactive effects An infusion of leaf, stem, root of Helinus integrifolius is taken orally in the initiation of diviners to “strengthen his memory and give the initiate keen powers of observation Zulu
H167z psychoactive effect Cold water infusions from roots of Psoralea pinnata, mixed with roots of Helinus integrifolius, are made into ubulawu preparations, and taken as emetics by diviners as part of their initiation, particular plants in ubulawu mixtures produces synergistic or complementary psychoactive effects
Region : Southern Africa
Country : South Africa
Vernacular name : phelotheri (Sotho), ubhubhubhu (Zulu)
Hermannia depressa N.E. Br.
Official name : Hermannia depressa N.E. Br.
Family : Sterculiaceae
Symptoms : H(167z)
Recipes : H(167z) psychoactive effects Hermannia depressa used in divination to indicate the illness and treatment required Sotho : This language group includes Northern Sotho, South Sotho and Tswana
Region : Southern Africa
Country : South Africa
Vernacular name : moleko/seletjane (Sotho)
Heteropyxis dehniae Suess.
Official name : Heteropyxis dehniae Suess.
Family : Heteropyxidaceae
Symptoms : H(167z)
Recipes : H(167z) psychoactive effects Leaves o Heteropyxis dehniae are chewed and the smoke inhaled by diviners i Zimbabwe to “rouse the spirits” Ndembu: Zambia/Angola/Zaire,
Region : Southern Africa
Country : South Africa
Vernacular name : inkiza wyntaba (Ndembu: Zambia/Angola/Zaïre), mubanda (Shona)
Hibiscus pusillus Thunb.
Official name : Hibiscus pusillus Thunb.
Family : Malvaceae
Symptoms : H(167z)
Recipes : H(167z) psychoactive effects Hibiscus pusillus a favourite plant used by diviners Sotho : This language group includes Northern Sotho, South Sotho and Tswana []
Region : Southern Africa
Country : South Africa
Vernacular name : semameloana se seholo (Sotho)
Hippobromus pauciflorus (L.f.) Radlk.
Official name : Hippobromus pauciflorus (L.f.) Radlk.
Family : Sapindaceae
Symptoms : H(167z)
Recipes : H(167z) psychoactive effects, roots of Hippobromus pauciflorusare used as love charms, for headaches, hysterical fits and by diviners to induce trances ZuluThe diviner rinses his nose with the froth prior to falling into a trance Zulu
H(167z) psychoactive effects Used in South Africa to phalaza vomit and to induce dreams of the ancestors
H(167z) psychoactive effectspowder of roots ofHippobromus pauciflorus are used in ubulawu preparations together with roots of Rubia petiolaris DC and Silene undulata Aiton in the initiation of diviners Xhosa. This ubulawu is used to induce dreams and communications with the ancestors Xhosa
Region : Southern Africa
Country : South Africa
Vernacular name : uqhume (Zulu)
Hyparrhenia filipendula (Hochst.) Stapf
Official name : Hyparrhenia filipendula (Hochst.) Stapf
Family : Poaceae
Symptoms : H(167z)
Recipes : H(167z) psychoactive effects Root infusions of Hyparrhenia filipendula are taken orally by diviners in Zimbabwe to “rouse the spirits”
Region : Southern Africa
Country : South Africa
Vernacular name : zhengezhu (Shona)
Indigofera flavicans Baker
Official name : Indigofera flavicans Baker
Family : Fabaceae
Symptoms : H(167z)
Recipes : H(167z) psychoactive effects of Indigofera flavicans used by the !Kung Bushmen to facilitate the induction of trance states
Region : Southern Africa
Country : South Africa
Vernacular name : naiego (San)
Ipomoea oblongata E. Mey. ex Choisy
Official name : Ipomoea oblongata E. Mey. ex Choisy
Family : Convolvulaceae
Symptoms : H(167z), H(210)
Recipes : H(167z) psychoactive effects , parts used unknown of Ipomoea oblongata as ingredient of a special horn medicine used in the diviners initiation ceremonies Sotho : This language group includes Northern Sotho, South Sotho and Tswana
H(210) The Sotho use the leaves as a snuff mixed with tobacco in Lesotho
Region : Southern Africa
Country : South Africa
Vernacular name : mothokho (Sotho),
Ipomoea tricolor Cav.
Official name : Ipomoea tricolor Cav.
Family : Convolvulaceae
Symptoms : H(167z)
Recipes : H(167z) psychoactive effectsin Zimbabwe unspecified groups chew to 5 seeds to induce hallucinations
Region : Southern Africa
Country : South Africa
Vernacular name : not registered by the author
Justicia flava (Forssk.) Vahl
Official name : Justicia flava (Forssk.) Vahl
Family : Acanthaceae
Symptoms : H(201)
Recipes : H1 Roots of Justicia flava are used in magic ceremonies in South Africa Zulu
Region : Southern Africa
Country : South Africa
Vernacular name : impela (Zulu)
Limosella africana Glück
Official name : Limosella africana Glück
Family : Scrophulariaceae
Symptoms : H(167z)
Recipes : H(167z) psychoactive effects , parts used unknown of Limosella africana used by diviners when working with the divining bones Sotho : This language group includes Northern Sotho, South Sotho and Tswana
Region : Southern Africa
Country : South Africa
Vernacular name : pua metsi (Sotho)
Lobelia dregeana (C.Presl) A.DC.
Official name : Lobelia dregeana (C.Presl) A.DC.
Family : Lobeliaceae
Symptoms : H(167z)
Recipes : H(167z) psychoactive effects, parts used unknown of Lobelia dregeana Popular with diviners who wash their divining bones in a preparation from the plant to make divinations more accurate Sotho : This language group includes Northern Sotho, South Sotho and Tswana
Region : Southern Africa
Country : South Africa
Vernacular name : napshane ea phiri (Sotho)
Lobelia erinus L.
Official name : Lobelia erinus L.
Family : Lobeliaceae
Symptoms : H(167z)
Recipes : H(167z) psychoactive effects Whole plant of Lobellia erinus Diviners wash the bones with a lotion prepared from the plant to make divinations more accurate Sotho : This language group includes Northern Sotho, South Sotho and Tswana
Region : Southern Africa
Country : South Africa
Vernacular name : ma-lan’a konyana/tsoinyane (Sotho)
Maesa lanceolata Forssk.
Official name : Maesa lanceolata Forssk.
Family : Myrsinaceae
Symptoms : H(167z)
Recipes : H(167z) psychoactive effects, Bark of Maesa lanceolata used together with other plants in a special ubulawu mixture that is taken orally for communicating with the ancestral spirits Zulu Mhlongo pers comm particular plants in ubulawu mixtures produces synergistic or complementary psychoactive effects
H(167z) psychoactive effects, bark is used as a stimulating beverage by the Masai [] and it is used in ubulawu preparations in Kwa Zulu-Natal [6]
Region : Southern Africa
Country : South Africa
Vernacular name : umaguqu/isithende/uphophopho (Zulu)
Massonia jasminiflora Burch. ex Baker
Official name : Massonia jasminiflora Burch. ex Baker
Family : Hyacinthaceae
Symptoms : H(167z)
Recipes : H(167z) psychoactive effects Parts of Massonia jasminiflora used unknown Used in divination to find lost objects Sotho : This language group includes Northern Sotho, South Sotho and Tswana
Region : Southern Africa
Country : South Africa
Vernacular name : lematlana (Sotho)
Monadenium lugardae N.E.Br.
Official name : Monadenium lugardae N.E.Br.
Family : Euphorbiaceae
Symptoms : H(167z)
Recipes : H(167z) psychoactive effects,Roots of Monadenium lugardiae are swallowed by diviners in the Piet Retief area in South Africa to enable them to “see visions and to prophesy under its influence”, before important meetings, thus producing hallucinations Zulu
Region : Southern Africa
Country : South Africa
Vernacular name : mhlebe (Zulu)
Mundulea sericea (Willd.) A. Chev.
Official name : Mundulea sericea (Willd.) A. Chev.
Family : Fabaceae
Symptoms : H(167z)
Recipes : H(167z) psychoactive effects, Parts of Mundulea sericea unknown of this toxic plant are used as a divining medicine Kg Considered to be a very powerful magical plant by the Venda
Region : Southern Africa
Country : South Africa
Vernacular name : mosilathlou (Kg), mukundandou (Venda)
Myosotis afropalustris C.H. Wright
Official name : Myosotis afropalustris C.H. Wright
Family : Boraginaceae
Symptoms : H(099), H(167z)
Recipes : H(167z) psychoactive effects Preparations of Myosotis afropalustrisare taken orally in the initiation and training of diviners to develop their memory and make initiates mentally fit for their work, as well as to treat “people with the spirit”, a type of psychospiritual illness Sotho : This language group includes Northern Sotho, South Sotho and Tswana
H Decoctions made from the plant are used to treat hysteria in South Africa
Region : Southern Africa
Country : South Africa
Vernacular name : lephukhuphukhu (Zulu), sethuthu (Sotho)
Nemesia pubescens Benth.
Official name : Nemesia pubescens Benth.
Family : Scrophulariaceae
Symptoms : H(167z)
Recipes : H(167z) psychoactive effects Parts of Nemesia pubescens used unknown to wash the divining bones to make divinations more accurate Sotho : This language group includes Northern Sotho, South Sotho and Tswana
Region : Southern Africa
Country : South Africa
Vernacular name : bohome-ba-litaola (Sotho)
Nicotiana tabacum L.
Official name : Nicotiana tabacum L.
Family : Solanaceae
Symptoms : H(167z)
Recipes : H(167z) psychoactive effects The leaf of Nicotiana tabacum is made into a snuff by southern African diviners at the start of divination, and is also made as a traditional offering to the ancestors
Region : Southern Africa
Country : South Africa
Vernacular name : fodyayechikwarimba (Shona)
Nymphaea nouchali Burm. f.
Official name : Nymphaea nouchali Burm. f.
Family : Nymphaeaceae
Symptoms : H(167z)
Recipes : H(167z) psychoactive effects Dried flowers or tinctures of Nymphaea nouchali are used by South African diviners, producing stimulant, aphrodisiac and euphoriant effects in low doses. Sold on the Johannesburg muti markets for inducing visions related to the ancestors Zulu (pers observ)
Region : Southern Africa
Country : South Africa
Vernacular name : izibu (Zulu)
Ochna pulchra Hook. f.
Official name : Ochna pulchra Hook. f.
Family : Ochnaceae
Symptoms : H(201)
Recipes : H1 ritual bark decoction of Ochna pulchra is made into drinking medicine, and leaves are used as a wash for patients’ bodies in the ihamba spirit exorcism ritual Ndembu: Zambia/Angola/Zaire. Psychoactive effects were experienced after the infusion was taken
Region : Southern Africa
Country : South Africa
Vernacular name : musengu (Ndembu: Zambia/Angola/Zaïre)
Ocimum americanum L. var. americanum
Official name : Ocimum americanum L. var. americanum
Family : Lamiaceae
Symptoms : H(167z)
Recipes : H(167z) psychoactive effects Leaves of Ocimum americanum are rubbed on the face in Zimbabwe to “rouse the spirits” and are also used with other plants tot reat madness and convulsions in Zimbabwe
Region : Southern Africa
Country : South Africa
Vernacular name : amakha (Ndembu: Zambia/Angola/Zaïre)
Pentanisia prunelloides (Klotzsch ex Eckl. & Zeyh.) Walp subsp. Latifolia (Hochst.) Verdc.
Official name : Pentanisia prunelloides (Klotzsch ex Eckl. & Zeyh.) Walp subsp. Latifolia (Hochst.) Verdc.
Family : Rubiaceae
Symptoms : H(167z)
Recipes : H(167z) psychoactive effects Parts of Pentanisia prunelloides used unknown An ingredient of a special horn medicine used in the diviners’ initiation ceremonies Sotho : This language group includes Northern Sotho, South Sotho and Tswana
Region : Southern Africa
Country : South Africa
Vernacular name : setima mollo (Sotho)
Philenoptera violacea (Klotzsch) Schrire
Official name : Philenoptera violacea (Klotzsch) Schrire
Family : Fabaceae
Symptoms : H(167z)
Recipes : H(167z) psychoactive effects Parts used unknown of Philenoptera violaceae. Tsonga diviners make a drink for “trial by ordeal” from the pounded root or leaves of this tree together with the leaf of Datura stramonium* This plant may have psychoactive properties, as do the other “tria by ordeal” plants such as Erythrophleum lasianthum and Securidaca longipedunculata that are used in southern Africa The divining dice of the Lobedu, a Northern Sotho group, were reportedly left overnight in an infusion made from this plant so that divination could occur
Region : Southern Africa
Country : South Africa
Vernacular name : mbhandu (Lob)
Phragmites australis (Cav.) Trin. ex Steud.
Official name : Phragmites australis (Cav.) Trin. ex Steud.
Family : Poaceae
Symptoms : H(167z)
Recipes : H(167z) psychoactive effects Root of Phragmites australis an ingredient of a special horn medicine used in the diviners’ initiation ceremonies Sotho : This language group includes Northern Sotho, South Sotho and Tswana
Region : Southern Africa
Country : South Africa
Vernacular name : qoboi (Sotho)
Phygelius capensis E. Mey. ex Benth.
Official name : Phygelius capensis E. Mey. ex Benth.
Family : Scrophulariaceae
Symptoms : H(167z)
Recipes : H(167z) psychoactive effects Parts of Phygelius capensisused unknown it is used as an ingredient of a special horn medicine used in the diviners’ initiation ceremonies Sotho : This language group includes Northern Sotho, South Sotho and Tswana
H(167z) psychoactive effectsMedicines made from the plant together with Phygelius capensis, Ledebouria cooperi are used in initiation ceremonies to inebriate Sotho boys, usually causing them to appear stunned and stupefied and to go to sleep Sotho : This language group includes Northern Sotho, South Sotho and Tswana
Region : Southern Africa
Country : South Africa
Vernacular name : mafifi matso (Sotho)
Phyllanthus reticulatus Poir.
Official name : Phyllanthus reticulatus Poir.
Family : Phyllanthaceae
Symptoms : H(167z)
Recipes : H(167z) psychoactive effects Root bark of Phyllanthus reticulatus is an emetic is used to conceal secrets from southern African diviners [8] The root bark together with other ingredients is prepared as an ubulawuto give clear and penetrating vision Zulu . particular plants in ubulawu mixtures produces synergistic or complementary psychoactive effects
Region : Southern Africa
Country : South Africa
Vernacular name : intaba yengwe/munyuswane (Zulu)
Pittosporum viridiflorum Sims
Official name : Pittosporum viridiflorum Sims
Family : Pittosparaceae
Symptoms : H(167z)
Recipes : H(167z) psychoactive effects Root infusions of Pittosporum viridiflorum are taken orally for accuracy in divining Sotho : This language group includes Northern Sotho, South Sotho and Tswana
Region : Southern Africa
Country : South Africa
Vernacular name : kgalagangwe/mosetlela (Sotho)
Polygala gymnoclada Mac Owan
Official name : Polygala gymnoclada Mac Owan
Family : Polygalaceae
Symptoms : H(167z)
Recipes : H(167z) psychoactive effects Parts used of Polygala gymnoclada unknown Used when working the divining bones Most Polygala species are said to be used in this way Sotho : This language group includes Northern Sotho, South Sotho and Tswana . The vernacular names mean “the piece of grass of the ancestors” and “the strong stimulant” Sotho : This language group includes Northern Sotho, South Sotho and Tswana
Region : Southern Africa
Country : South Africa
Vernacular name : lehlokoana la balimo/mohlabeho o moholo (Sotho)
Psoralea pinnata L.
Official name : Psoralea pinnata L.
Family : Fabaceae
Symptoms : H(055), H(167z)
Recipes : H(167z) psychoactive effects Cold water infusions from roots of Psoralea pinnata, mixed with roots of Helinus integrifolius, are made into ubulawu preparations, and taken as H(055) emetics by diviners as part of their initiation particular plants in ubulawu mixtures produces synergistic or complementary psychoactive effects
Region : Southern Africa
Country : South Africa
Vernacular name : umhlongani (Zulu)
Rhoicissus tridentata (L.F.) Wild & Drumm. subsp. cuneifolia (Eckl. & Zeyh.) N.R. Urton
Official name : Rhoicissus tridentata (L.F.) Wild & Drumm. subsp. cuneifolia (Eckl. & Zeyh.) N.R. Urton
Family : Vitaceae
Symptoms : H(099), H(167z)
Recipes : H(167z) psychoactive effects Parts used of Rhoicissus tridentata unknown Used by diviners with Myosotis afropalustris CHWright in ubulawu preparations that are taken orally to treat a psycho-spiritual illness termed “having the spirit” Sotho : This language group includes Northern Sotho, South Sotho and Tswana [8], [] It is one of the four vines used in the initiation of diviners Sotho : This language group includes Northern Sotho, South Sotho and Tswana
Unspecified parts are used by the Lobedu, a Northern Sotho group, for epilepsy and by the Masai as a nerve stimulant
Region : Southern Africa
Country : South Africa
Vernacular name : morara o moholo (Sotho)
Rubia cordifolia L. subsp. conotricha (Gandoger) Verdc
Official name : Rubia cordifolia L. subsp. conotricha (Gandoger) Verdc
Family : Rubiaceae
Symptoms : H(167z)
Recipes : H(167z) psychoactive effects Decoctions of unspecified parts of Rubia cordifolia are traditionally taken by diviners to facilitate divining by giving them insight into the messages of the divining bones Sotho : This language group includes Northern Sotho, South Sotho and Tswana, while the plant is reputed to have analgesic effects
Region : Southern Africa
Country : South Africa
Vernacular name : seharane(Sotho)
Rubia petiolaris DC.
Official name : Rubia petiolaris DC.
Family : Rubiaceae
Symptoms : H(167z)
Recipes : H(167z) psychoactive effects Root of Rubia petiolarisin Ubulawu preparations using the roots are taken orally by initiate diviners to induce dreams of the ancestors Xhosa. Other admixtures used include Silene, Hippobromus and Dianthus sp
H(167z) psychoactive effectspowder of roots of Hippobromus pauciflorus are used in ubulawu preparations together with roots of Rubia petiolaris and Silene undulata Aiton in the initiation of diviners Xhosa This ubulawu is used to induce dreams and communications with the ancestors Xhosa
Region : Southern Africa
Country : South Africa
Vernacular name : ubulawu ububomvu/impendulo (Xhosa)
Sceletium tortuosum (L.) N.E. Br.
Official name : Sceletium tortuosum (L.) N.E. Br.
Family : Aizoaceae
Symptoms : H(167z)
Recipes : H(167z) psychoactive effects Aerial parts of Sceletium tortuosum are chewed, with numerous psychoactive uses on record for this plant, notably as a mood enhancer and anxiolytic (Khoi) Its role in San trance induction has been convincingly demonstrated in a recent paper by Mitchell and Hudson
Region : Southern Africa
Country : South Africa
Vernacular name : kanna (Khoi)
Sclerocarya birrea (A.Rich.) Hochst. subsp. Caffra (Sond.) Kokwaro
Official name : Sclerocarya birrea (A.Rich.) Hochst. subsp. Caffra (Sond.) Kokwaro
Family : Anacardiaceae
Symptoms : H(167z)
Recipes : H(167z) psychoactive effects An infusion made with the root of Sclerocarya birrea mixed with twigs of the Loranthus species, is taken orally by diviners to “rouse the spirits” in Zimbabwe
Region : Southern Africa
Country : South Africa
Vernacular name : umganu (Ndembu: Zambia/Angola/Zaïre), mupfura (Shona)
Securidaca longipedunculata Fresen.
Official name : Securidaca longipedunculata Fresen.
Family : Polygalaceae
Symptoms : H(092), H(099), H(167z)
Recipes : H(167z) psychoactive effects. Root of Securidaca longepedunculata used with Sphedamnocarpus pruriens for treating people believe to be possessed by evil spirits Cho
H(092) The tree was used in southern Africa as an ordeal poison in tthe same manner as the Datura species
H(167z) psychoactive effects The powdered root is mixed in porridge that is eaten for epilepsy and convulsions, and is washed with to “rouse the spirits” in Zimbabwe
H(099) The roots are used for mental disorders by the Venda
H(099) Sedative, tranquillising and anti-convulsant properties have been described
H(167z) psychoactive effects. Thought to have been used by the !Kung for trance induction that was used for divining
Region : Southern Africa
Country : South Africa
Vernacular name : mudla-ndlopfu (Cho)
Silene bellidioides Sond.
Official name : Silene bellidioides Sond.
Family : Caryophyllaceae
Symptoms : H(055), H(167z)
Recipes : H(167z) psychoactive effects Root of Silene bellidioides infusions are taken as an H55 emetic or taken orally in small quantities in South Africa to induce “true” dreams related to the ancestors Zulu
H(055) Used as love charm emetics Zulu
Region : Southern Africa
Country : South Africa
Vernacular name : gwayana (Zulu)
Silene pilosellifolia Cham. & Schlechtd.
Official name : Silene pilosellifolia Cham. & Schlechtd.
Family : Caryophyllaceae
Symptoms : H(167z)
Recipes : H(167z) psychoactive effects Roots are used as an ubulawu preparation, taken orally to produce dreams relating to the ancestral spirits in South Africa, Zulu particular plants in ubulawu mixtures produces synergistic or complementary psychoactive effects
Region : Southern Africa
Country : South Africa
Vernacular name : popoma (Zulu)
Silene undulata Aiton
Official name : Silene undulata Aiton
Family : Caryophyllaceae
Symptoms : H(051), H(167z)
Recipes : H(167z) psychoactive effects Roots are used in ubulawu preparations, taken orally in the initiation of diviners and producing lucid dreams related to the ancestral spirits Xhosa
H(051) The plant is used as a medicine in treating many diseases particularly fevers and delirium Sotho : This language group includes Northern Sotho, South Sotho and Tswana
H(167z) psychoactive effectspowder of roots ofHippobromus pauciflorus are used in ubulawu preparations together with roots of Rubia petiolaris DC and Silene undulata Aiton in the initiation of diviners Xhosa. This ubulawu is used to induce dreams and communications with the ancestors Xhosa
Region : Southern Africa
Country : South Africa
Vernacular name : undlela zimhlophe (Xhosa), (Sotho)
Sisyranthus huttoniae (S.Moore) S.Moore.
Official name : Sisyranthus huttoniae (S.Moore) S.Moore.
Family : Apocynaceae
Symptoms : H(167z)
Recipes : H(167z) psychoactive effects Uses of Sisyranthus huttoniae related to the ancestral spirits are recorded Zulu []
Region : Southern Africa
Country : South Africa
Vernacular name : umfanozacile omhlophe (Zulu)
Sphedamnocarpus pruriens (A. Juss.) Szyszyl. var. pruriens
Official name : Sphedamnocarpus pruriens (A. Juss.) Szyszyl. var. pruriens
Family : Malpighiaceae
Symptoms : H(167z)
Recipes : H(167z) psychoactive effects Unspecified parts of Sphedamnocarpus pruriens are used by the Chopi with Securidaca longepedunculata for people believed to be possessed by evil spirits Cho
H(099) Roots are used for mental disorders by the Venda
Region : Southern Africa
Country : South Africa
Vernacular name : not registered by the author
Stachys aethiopica L.
Official name : Stachys aethiopica L.
Family : Lamiaceae
Symptoms : H(167z)
Recipes : H(167z) psychoactive effectsAerial parts of Stachys aethiopica is burnt in the hut of a person suffering with feverish delirium and is soothing Sotho : This language group includes Northern Sotho, South Sotho and Tswana Used in divination rituals
Region : Southern Africa
Country : South Africa
Vernacular name : bolao ba litaolla/bokhatha (Sotho)
Stephania abyssinica (Quart. Dill. & A.Rich.) Walp. var. tomentella (Oliv.) Diels
Official name : Stephania abyssinica (Quart. Dill. & A.Rich.) Walp. var. tomentella (Oliv.) Diels
Family : Menispermaceae
Symptoms : H(167z)
Recipes : H(167z) psychoactive effects Parts of Stephania abyssinica used unknownin divination to discover lost things or secret matters Sotho : This language group includes Northern Sotho, South Sotho and Tswana. Stephania abyssinica is known to have psychoactive properties and tranquillising effects, but its psychoactive use in southern Africa is unknown
Region : Southern Africa
Country : South Africa
Vernacular name : lesibo (Sotho)
Strychnos henningsii Gilg
Official name : Strychnos henningsii Gilg
Family : Strychnaceae
Symptoms : H(167z)
Recipes : H(167z) psychoactive effects Small pieces of bark of Strychnos henningsii are chewed by initiate healers to produce dreams related to the ancestral spirits in South Africa
H(000) Strychnos henningsii is used together with Turraea floribunda Hochst for various pains Zulu
Region : Southern Africa
Country : South Africa
Vernacular name : manono (Zulu)
Synaptolepis kirkii Oliv.
Official name : Synaptolepis kirkii Oliv.
Family : Thymelaeaceae
Symptoms : H(099), H(167z)
Recipes : H(167z) psychoactive effects Root infusions of Synaptolepis kirkii are used for H(099) epilepsy by the Karanga in East Africa and as ritual emetics and body washes to assist diviners in South Africa to ‘see’ in a metaphysical sense Zulu
Region : Southern Africa
Country : South Africa
Vernacular name : uvuma-omhlophe (Zulu)
Tulbaghia capensis L.
Official name : Tulbaghia capensis L.
Family : Alliaceae
Symptoms : H(099), H(167z)
Recipes : H(167z) psychoactive effects Clove of Tulbaghia capensis, Reportedly used as an admixture with the hallucinogen Boophone distichafor divination in South Africa. Other Tulbaghia species are used for fits and restlessness in the Transkei in South Africa Xhosa, as well as reported uses for madness
Tulbaghia capensis may have similar sedative properties or uses that may mitigate unpleasant side-effects such as anxiety or panic experienced with Boophone disticha hallucinations
Region : Southern Africa
Country : South Africa
Vernacular name : umwelela (Xhosa)
Turraea floribunda Hochst.
Official name : Turraea floribunda Hochst.
Family : Meliaceae
Symptoms : H(167z)
Recipes : H(167z) psychoactive effects Root of Turraea floribunda in preparations taken orally by diviners to enter the ‘neurotic’ state needed for divining dances Zulu
H(000) Strychnos henningsii is used together with Turraea floribunda Hochst for various pains Zulu
H(167z) psychoactive effects Roots of Turraea floribundaare used in emetics to induce trances before divining dances Zulu
Region : Southern Africa
Country : South Africa
Vernacular name : umadlozana (Zulu)
Typha capensis (Rohrb.) N.E. Br.
Official name : Typha capensis (Rohrb.) N.E. Br.
Family : Typhaceae
Symptoms : H(167z)
Recipes : H(167z) psychoactive effects Parts of Typha capensis used unknown as ingredient of a special horn medicine used in the diviner’s initiation ceremonies Sotho : This language group includes Northern Sotho, South Sotho and Tswana
Region : Southern Africa
Country : South Africa
Vernacular name : mositla (Sotho)
Vangueriopsis lancifliora (Hiern) Robyns.
Official name : Vangueriopsis lancifliora (Hiern) Robyns.
Family : Rubiaceae
Symptoms : H(099), H(201)
Recipes : H1 ritual the tree of revelation The bark of Vangueriopsis lancifliora is boiled and the leaves are made into a cold-water infusion, that is taken orally, together with other plants as a drinking medicine in the ihamba spirit exorcism rituals Ndembu: Zambia/Angola/Zaire [
H(099) Roots are used to treat madness in Malawi
Region : Southern Africa
Country : South Africa
Vernacular name : musoli (Ndembu: Zambia/Angola/Zaïre)
Xylopia odoratissima Welw. ex Oliv.
Official name : Xylopia odoratissima Welw. ex Oliv.
Family : Annonaceae
Symptoms : H(201)
Recipes : H(201) ritual Scraped roots of Xylopia odoratissima are boiled and the juice is taken orally with other ingredients in the ihambaspirit exorcism rituals Ndembu: Zambia/Angola/Zaire. Psychoactive effects were experienced after the infusion was taken
Region : Southern Africa
Country : South Africa
Vernacular name : mututambulolu (Ndembu: Zambia/Angola/Zaïre)
Xysmalobium undulatum (L.) W.T.Aiton
Official name : Xysmalobium undulatum (L.) W.T.Aiton
Family : Apocynaceae
Symptoms : H(099), H(167z)
Recipes : H(167z) psychoactive effectsParts of Xysmalobium undulatum used unknown as ingredient of a special horn medicine used in the diviners’ initiation ceremonies Sotho : This language group includes Northern Sotho, South Sotho and Tswana
H(099) Used to treat hysteria in South Africa
Region : Southern Africa
Country : South Africa
Vernacular name : leshokhoa (Sotho)
Ziziphus mucronata Willd. subsp. Mucronata
Official name : Ziziphus mucronata Willd. subsp. Mucronata
Family : Rhamnaceae
Symptoms : H(201)
Recipes : H(201) ritual Root of Ziziphus mucronata are used with other plants as a drinking medicine in the ihambaspirit exorcism rituals. [45] It has analgesic effects
Region : Southern Africa
Country : South Africa
Vernacular name : chikwata (Ndembu: Zambia/Angola/Zaïre)