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Reference : HV 56

Author(s) : Volpato G. , P. Kourková, V. Zelený
Title : Healing war wounds and perfuming exile: the use of vegetal, animal, and mineral products for perfumes, cosmetics, and skin healing among Sahrawi refugees of Western Sahara Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine , 8:49 (2012) http://www.ethnobiomed.com/content/8/1/49
Reference HV 56 has information about 54 plants :
Acacia ehrenbergiana Hayne
Official name : Acacia ehrenbergiana Hayne
Family : Fabaceae
Symptoms : H(001), H(004)
Recipes : H(001) eye infections and conjuntivitis, resin of Acacia ehrenbergiana triturated, topical, application to eyes
H(004) antiseptic for wounds, leaves dried and powdered, topical application
Region : Western Sahara
Country : Sahara
Vernacular name : tamat (Hassaniya)
Acacia tortilis (Forssk.) Hayne subsp. raddiana (Savi) Brenan var. raddiana
Official name : Acacia tortilis (Forssk.) Hayne subsp. raddiana (Savi) Brenan var. raddiana
Family : Fabaceae
Symptoms : H(001), H(004), H(020)
Recipes : H(001) eye infection, (to remove dirt from eyes), H(020) snakebites, resin of Acacia tortilis, dried or roasted, topical application of a plaster obtained by mixing it with water, or alone in powder; a bandage is made and renewed for three days
H(004) antiseptic for infected wounds, leaves, seeds, triturated, topical application
H(004) wound cicatriser, bark, triturated, topical application
Region : Western Sahara
Country : Sahara
Vernacular name : talha (Hassaniya)
Allium cepa L.
Official name : Allium cepa L.
Family : Alliaceae
Symptoms : H(004)
Recipes : H(004) antiseptic for wounds, bulb of Allium cepa, topical application
Region : Western Sahara
Country : Sahara
Vernacular name : besla (Hassaniya)
Allium sativum L.
Official name : Allium sativum L.
Family : Alliaceae
Symptoms : H(004)
Recipes : H(004) antiseptic for wounds, bulb of Allium sativum, topical application
Region : Western Sahara
Country : Sahara
Vernacular name : thoum (Hassaniya)
Ammodaucus leucotrichus Coss. & Durieu
Official name : Ammodaucus leucotrichus Coss. & Durieu
Family : Apiaceae
Symptoms : H(004), H(013), H(020)
Recipes : H(004) to prevent infections in wounds (against ntaaf), seeds of Ammodaucus leucotrichus, H(020) scorpion stings,H(013) infected boils, triturated, a plaster is made with water or fat, or applied as powder
Region : Western Sahara
Country : Sahara
Vernacular name : kammuna, kammuna t-rag (Hassaniya)
Anastatica hierochuntica L
Official name : Anastatica hierochuntica L
Family : Brassicaceae
Symptoms : H(014)
Recipes : H(014) vitiligo and other white spots on the skin
H(014) mycotic skin infections, particularly on hands and nails, aerial parts of Anastatica hierochuntica, dried, triturated, boiled in water, topical application when cooled down or dried, triturated, mixed with water to form a plaster
Region : Western Sahara
Country : Sahara
Vernacular name : kamsha (Hassaniya)
Argania spinosa (L.) Skeels
Official name : Argania spinosa (L.) Skeels
Family : Sapotaceae
Symptoms : H(198x), H(202)
Recipes : H(202) against aging and H(198x) to strengthen hair , oil obtained from the seeds of Argania spinosa applied as a cream
Region : Western Sahara
Country : Sahara
Vernacular name : argan (Hassaniya)
Atriplex halimus L.
Official name : Atriplex halimus L.
Family : Chenopodiaceae
Symptoms : H(005), H(202)
Recipes : H(005) skin oedema, leaves, aerial parts of Atriplex halimus in decoction applied as a plaster
H(202) used like henna for feet and hands, leaves, aerial parts in decoction gives a reddish tint
Region : Western Sahara
Country : Sahara
Vernacular name : legtaf (Hassaniya)
Balanites aegyptiaca (L.) Delile
Official name : Balanites aegyptiaca (L.) Delile
Family : Zygophyllaceae
Synonyms : Balanites gillettii Cufod.
Symptoms : H(014), H(076)
Recipes : H(014) to eliminate spots from the skin, roasted, peeled fruit of Balanites aegyptiaca, an oily substance is extracted and applied to skin
H(014) mycosis, the ashes obtained from burning the fruit are mixed with oil and applied topically
H(076) mouth infections, mouth washes with the infusion of fruit peels and leaves
Region : Western Sahara
Country : Sahara
Vernacular name : teichat (Hassaniya)
Beta patellaris Moq.
Official name : Beta patellaris Moq.
Family : Chenopodiaceae
Symptoms : H(053)
Recipes : H(053) otitis in children seeds of Beta patellaris fried in oil, topical application in ears
Region : Western Sahara
Country : Sahara
Vernacular name : silk (Hassaniya)
Calotropis procera (Ait.) Ait. f. subsp. Pocera
Official name : Calotropis procera (Ait.) Ait. f. subsp. Pocera
Family : Apocynaceae
Symptoms : H(004), H(202)
Recipes : H(004) antiseptic and cicatriser for wounds ashes from burning the stem of Calotropis procera, topical application
H(202) to make the colour of henna darker, powdered leaves, mixed with henna, application to hair
Region : Western Sahara
Country : Sahara
Vernacular name : tursha (Hassaniya)
Cassia italica (Mill.) Spreng.
Official name : Cassia italica (Mill.) Spreng.
Family : Fabaceae
Synonyms : Senna italica Mill.
Symptoms : H(001)
Recipes : H(001) cataracts, powdered seeds of Cassia italica, application to eyes
Region : Western Sahara
Country : Sahara
Vernacular name : fellajit (Hassaniya)
Caylusea hexagyna (Forssk.) M.L. Green
Official name : Caylusea hexagyna (Forssk.) M.L. Green
Family : Resedaceae
Symptoms : H(039)
Recipes : H(039) lice, aerial parts of Caylusea hexagyna fresh, pounded, the juice extracted is mixed with oil or fat and applied topically to hair
H(175x) the juice extracted to perfume hair
H(198) a dressing with a cloth is made and left in place for 24 hours for hair loss and H(198x) to stimulate hair growth
Region : Western Sahara
Country : Sahara
Vernacular name : dhenban (Hassaniya)
Centaurea pungens Pomel
Official name : Centaurea pungens Pomel
Family : Asteraceae
Symptoms : H(013)
Recipes : H(013) abscesses, leaves of Centaurea pungens triturated, application with oil
Region : Western Sahara
Country : Sahara
Vernacular name : zreiga (Hassaniya)
Chamomilla pubescens (Desf.) Alavi
Official name : Chamomilla pubescens (Desf.) Alavi
Family : Asteraceae
Symptoms : H(103)
Recipes : H(103) toothache, flowering tops of Chamomilla pubescens pounded, application to aching tooth
Region : Western Sahara
Country : Sahara
Vernacular name : lerbien, uazuaza (Hassaniya)
Cleome africana Botsch.
Official name : Cleome africana Botsch.
Family : Capparaceae
Symptoms : H(004), H(103)
Recipes : H(004) wounds, fresh leaves are cooked in camel hump fat and the resulting poultice is applied topically/
H(103) toothache, fresh leaves are triturated, a poultice is applied topically
Region : Western Sahara
Country : Sahara
Vernacular name : lemkheinza, mkheinza (Hassaniya)
Commiphora africana (A. Rich.) Engl.
Official name : Commiphora africana (A. Rich.) Engl.
Family : Burseraceae
Symptoms : H(004), H(013), H(103)
Recipes : H(004) wounds,H(013) skin , H(103) teeth, as antiseptic for infections, resin of Commiphora africana is triturated and applied topically
H(208) for perfuming and H(201) against evil eye, stems, resin burnt in the tent
Region : Western Sahara
Country : Sahara
Vernacular name : dirs (Hassaniya)
Convolvulus trabutianus Schweinf. & Muschl.
Official name : Convolvulus trabutianus Schweinf. & Muschl.
Family : Convolvulaceae
Symptoms : H(111)
Recipes : H(111) burns, aerial parts of Convolvulus trabutianos in decoction to apply to burns in order to avoid being left with a scar
Region : Western Sahara
Country : Sahara
Vernacular name : gandul (Hassaniya)
Corrigiola telephiifolia Pourr.
Official name : Corrigiola telephiifolia Pourr.
Family : Caryophyllaceae
Symptoms : H(175x), H(208)
Recipes : H(208) burnt dried roots of Corrigiola telephiifolia in the fire in the tent to perfume the air
H(175x) to prepare perfumes, roots soaked in colonia
Region : Western Sahara
Country : Sahara
Vernacular name : taserghinit (Hassaniya)
Cuminum cyminum L.
Official name : Cuminum cyminum L.
Family : Apiaceae
Symptoms : H(004), H(013)
Recipes : H(004) infected wounds,H(013) skin infections, triturated seeds of Cuminum cyminum , topical application
Region : Western Sahara
Country : Sahara
Vernacular name : kammuna (Hassaniya)
Cymbopogon schoenanthus (L.) Spreng.
Official name : Cymbopogon schoenanthus (L.) Spreng.
Family : Poaceae
Symptoms : H(111)
Recipes : H(111) burns, dried aerial parts of Cymbopogon schoenanthus are burnt, triturated, and applied
Region : Western Sahara
Country : Sahara
Vernacular name : idkhir, liedjir (Hassaniya)
Cyperus rotundus L.
Official name : Cyperus rotundus L.
Family : Cyperaceae
Symptoms : H(175x), H(208)
Recipes : H(208) tubercules of Cyperus rotundus dried and triturated burnt in the fire in the tent to perfume the air; H(175x) mixed with colonia water to make perfumes for hair and skin, and to perfume the traditional women dress (melhfa)
Region : Western Sahara
Country : Sahara
Vernacular name : sad (Hassaniya)
Euphorbia calyptrata Coss. & Kralik
Official name : Euphorbia calyptrata Coss. & Kralik
Family : Euphorbiaceae
Synonyms : Euphorbia calyptrata var. involucrata Batt.
Symptoms : H(005), H(013)
Recipes : H(013) skin infections and H(005) oedemas, aerial parts of Euphorbia calyptrata dried and triturated, topical application
Region : Western Sahara
Country : Sahara
Vernacular name : rammadah (Hassaniya)
Euphorbia granulata Forssk.
Official name : Euphorbia granulata Forssk.
Family : Euphorbiaceae
Symptoms : H(020)
Recipes : H(020) snakebites, latex of Euphorbia granulata, topical application
Region : Western Sahara
Country : Sahara
Vernacular name : kbidet ed-dab (Hassaniya)
Euphorbia officinarum subsp. echinus (Hook. f. & Coss.) Vindt
Official name : Euphorbia officinarum subsp. echinus (Hook. f. & Coss.) Vindt
Family : Euphorbiaceae
Symptoms : H(013), H(103)
Recipes : H(013) boils,H(013) abscesses,H(013) skin infections, H(103) toothache, a green branch of Euphorbia officinarum is heated on the fire, cut open, and ihe inner part is applied topically
Region : Western Sahara
Country : Sahara
Vernacular name : daghmus, sharbout (when dry) (Hassaniya)
Ferula assa-foetida L.
Official name : Ferula assa-foetida L.
Family : Apiaceae
Symptoms : H(020), H(103), H(202)
Recipes : H(020) snakebites, triturated resin of Ferula asa-foetida and topical application
H(103) toothache, protective of teeth decoction of resin, mouthwashes,
H(198) to combat hair loss, H(202) to strengthen hair, triturated resin in water and applied externally
Region : Western Sahara
Country : Sahara
Vernacular name : antita (Hassaniya)
Ferula communis L.
Official name : Ferula communis L.
Family : Apiaceae
Symptoms : H(175x), H(208)
Recipes : H(208) resin of Ferula communis, burnt in the fire in the tent to perfume the air; H(175x) mixed with water or colonia to perfume hair and to prepare creams for skin
Region : Western Sahara
Country : Sahara
Vernacular name : fasukh (Hassaniya)
Hammada scoparia (Pomel) Iljin
Official name : Hammada scoparia (Pomel) Iljin
Family : Chenopodiaceae
Symptoms : H(014), H(020), H(104)
Recipes : H(020) snakebites, scorpion stings, leaves of Hammada scoparia made into a poultice, mixed with water and inserted in the bite to ‘absorb’ the poison
H(014) to combat dandruf wash hair and mixed with henna and oil and applied as a lotion to hair
H(103) ’pulsant’ toothache, mouth infections, H(104) stomatitis, mouthwashes with the decoction
Region : Western Sahara
Country : Sahara
Vernacular name : remth Hassaniya)
Heliotropium ramosissimum Lehm.) DC.
Official name : Heliotropium ramosissimum Lehm.) DC.
Family : Boraginaceae
Symptoms : H(103), H(111), H(175x)
Recipes : H(103) toothache, H(111) burns, triturated leaves of Heliotropium ramosissimum, topical application
H(175x) make hair more shiny triturated leaves are mixed with oil to make a lotion applied to hair
Region : Western Sahara
Country : Sahara
Vernacular name : lehbaliya (Hassaniya)
Launaea arborescens (Batt.) Murb
Official name : Launaea arborescens (Batt.) Murb
Family : Asteraceae
Symptoms : H(161)
Recipes : H(161) warts, latex of Launea arborescens, topical application
Region : Western Sahara
Country : Sahara
Vernacular name : umm lbena (Hassaniya)
Lawsonia inermis L.
Official name : Lawsonia inermis L.
Family : Lythraceae
Synonyms : Lawsonia alba Lam.
Symptoms : H(202)
Recipes : H(202) to dye hair, skin, and nails and perfume hair, leaves of Lawsonia inermis dried, triturated, mixed with warm water and applied
Region : Western Sahara
Country : Sahara
Vernacular name : henna (Hassaniya)
Lepidium sativum L.
Official name : Lepidium sativum L.
Family : Brassicaceae
Symptoms : H(001)
Recipes : H(001) eliminate dirt from eyes, seeds of Lepidium sativum, RNS.
Region : Western Sahara
Country : Sahara
Vernacular name : reshad (Hassaniya)
Lycium intricatum Boiss.
Official name : Lycium intricatum Boiss.
Family : Solanaceae
Symptoms : H(001)
Recipes : H(001) cataracts and eye inflammations, decoction of leaves of Lycium intricatum is made twice, left to cool for one day and then applied in drops
Region : Western Sahara
Country : Sahara
Vernacular name : ghardeq (Hassaniya)
Maerua crassifolia Forssk.
Official name : Maerua crassifolia Forssk.
Family : Capparaceae
Synonyms : Maerua rigida R. Br.
Symptoms : H(004), H(013), H(014), H(103), H(103x)
Recipes : H(004) cicatriser, antiseptic for wounds,H(013) boils,H(014) itching, burnt of leaves of Maerua crassifolia, ashes are applied as powder or mixed with water in a poultice
H(103), H(103x) to clean and strengthen teeth, for cavities, stem of Maerua crassifolia chewed and used as toothbrush
Region : Western Sahara
Country : Sahara
Vernacular name : atil (Hassaniya)
Mesembryanthemum cryptanthum Hook. f.
Official name : Mesembryanthemum cryptanthum Hook. f.
Family : Aizoaceae
Symptoms : H(202)
Recipes : H(202) soap for washing, green aerial parts of Mesembryanthemum cryptanthum are pounded and mixed with water
Region : Western Sahara
Country : Sahara
Vernacular name : afzu (Hassaniya)
Neurada procumbens L
Official name : Neurada procumbens L
Family : Neuradaceae
Symptoms : H(198x)
Recipes : H(198x) to stimulate hair growth, dried leaves of Neurada procumbens, triturated, mixed with water, hair washes
Region : Western Sahara
Country : Sahara
Vernacular name : saadan (Hassaniya)
Nucularia perrinii Batt.
Official name : Nucularia perrinii Batt.
Family : Chenopodiaceae
Symptoms : H(004), H(013)
Recipes : H(004) wounds,H(013) skin infections, fresh leaves of Nucularia perrinii are smashed, mixed with water for a poultice
Region : Western Sahara
Country : Sahara
Vernacular name : askaf (Hassaniya)
Pancratium trianthum Herb.
Official name : Pancratium trianthum Herb.
Family : Amaryllidaceae
Symptoms : H(175x)
Recipes : H(175x) women use the flowers of Pancratium trianthum for perfuming and adorning
Region : Western Sahara
Country : Sahara
Vernacular name : amajij (Hassaniya)
Panicum turgidum Forssk.
Official name : Panicum turgidum Forssk.
Family : Poaceae
Symptoms : H(004), H(012)
Recipes : H(004) head wounds,H(012)) bone fractures, roots of Panicum turgidum pounded, mixed with milk cream and applied topically for two days
H(004) wound cicatriser, applied in the ear to kill insects that entered there, aerial parts dried, triturated, a poultice is made with water
Region : Western Sahara
Country : Sahara
Vernacular name : mrokba, umm rekba (Hassaniya)
Peganum harmala L.
Official name : Peganum harmala L.
Family : Nitrariaceae
Symptoms : H(013)
Recipes : H(013) to eliminate kyst, triturated and fried seeds of Peganum harmala, topical application
Region : Western Sahara
Country : Sahara
Vernacular name : harmel (Hassaniya)
Pergularia tomentosa L.
Official name : Pergularia tomentosa L.
Family : Apocynaceae
Symptoms : H(013), H(020), H(161)
Recipes : H(020) snakebites, scorpion stings,H(013) ) boils, leaves of Pergularia tomentosa dried, triturated and mixed with water , topical application
H(161) warts and skin grains, latex applied topically on a bandage
Region : Western Sahara
Country : Sahara
Vernacular name : ghalqa, umm eljlud (Hassaniya)
Pistacia spp.
Official name : Pistacia spp.
Family : Anacardiaceae
Symptoms : H(175x)
Recipes : H(175x) to prepare perfumes, dried resin of Pistacia spp.
H(208) resin burnt in the fire in the tent to perfume the air
Region : Western Sahara
Country : Sahara
Vernacular name : tidikt (Hassaniya)
Rhus tripartita (Ucria) Grande
Official name : Rhus tripartita (Ucria) Grande
Family : Anacardiaceae
Symptoms : H(202)
Recipes : H(202) dye hair with a different tone from henna, leaves, bark:of Rhus tripartita dried and triturated, mixed with henna and water
Region : Western Sahara
Country : Sahara
Vernacular name : shdari (Hassaniya)
Rosa damascena Mill.
Official name : Rosa damascena Mill.
Family : Rosaceae
Symptoms : H(175x)
Recipes : H(175x) to perfumed waters, dried petals
Region : Western Sahara
Country : Sahara
Vernacular name : ward (Hassaniya)
Salsola imbricata Forssk.
Official name : Salsola imbricata Forssk.
Family : Chenopodiaceae
Symptoms : H(202)
Recipes : H(202) used as soap to wash, aerial parts of Salsola imbricata crushed in the hands
Region : Western Sahara
Country : Sahara
Vernacular name : ghasal (Hassaniya)
Salsola tetrandra Forssk.
Official name : Salsola tetrandra Forssk.
Family : Chenopodiaceae
Symptoms : H(004), H(013)
Recipes : H(004) wounds,H(013) skin infections, aerial parts of Salsola tetrandra ashed and powdered, topical application
Region : Western Sahara
Country : Sahara
Vernacular name : laarad (Hassaniya)
Salvadora persica L. var. persica
Official name : Salvadora persica L. var. persica
Family : Salvadoraceae
Symptoms : H(103x)
Recipes : H(103x) to clean teeth, stem of Salvadora persica chewed and used as toothbrush
Region : Western Sahara
Country : Sahara
Vernacular name : lerak (Hassaniya)
Salvia aegyptiaca L.
Official name : Salvia aegyptiaca L.
Family : Lamiaceae
Symptoms : H(001)
Recipes : H(001) cataracts (‘it prevents cataracts from growing’), glaucoma, to clean eyes from sand and dirt, fruits of Salvia aegyptiaca applied to eye
Region : Western Sahara
Country : Sahara
Vernacular name : tezouknit (Hassaniya)
Santalum sp.
Official name : Santalum sp.
Family : Santalaceae
Symptoms : H(208)
Recipes : H(208), wood of Santalum sp. cut or grated in small pieces burnt in the fire in the tent to perfume the air, H(175x) mixed with colonia to make perfumes
Region : Western Sahara
Country : Sahara
Vernacular name : oud legmari (Hassaniya)
Syzygium aromaticum (L.) Merr. & L. M. Perry
Official name : Syzygium aromaticum (L.) Merr. & L. M. Perry
Family : Myrtaceae
Symptoms : H(039), H(175x)
Recipes : H(175x) flower buds dried and triturated mixed with colonia to make perfumes for hair, creams for skin, and to perfume melhfas (melhfas are soaked in water with cloves during some days); a decoction of cloves is filtered and applied to hair to strengthen and perfume it,
H(039) to treat lice
Region : Western Sahara
Country : Sahara
Vernacular name : qronfel (Hassaniya)
Tamarix sp.
Official name : Tamarix sp.
Family : Tamaricaceae
Symptoms : H(103x), H(111)
Recipes : H(111) burns, H(103x) sunstroke especially in children, leaves of Tamarix sp. triturated, infusion or maceration in water, applied with a cloth
Region : Western Sahara
Country : Sahara
Vernacular name : ar’ar (Hassaniya)
Teucrium chardonianum Maire & Wilczek
Official name : Teucrium chardonianum Maire & Wilczek
Family : Lamiaceae
Symptoms : H(198x), H(208)
Recipes : H(208) flowering tops dried and triturated burnt in the fire in the tent to perfume the air; H(175x) mixed with water and applied to hair to perfume it and H(198x) stimulate hair growth
Region : Western Sahara
Country : Sahara
Vernacular name : shendgoura (Hassaniya)
Ziziphus lotus subsp. saharae (Batt. & Trab.) Maire
Official name : Ziziphus lotus subsp. saharae (Batt. & Trab.) Maire
Family : Rhamnaceae
Symptoms : H(020)
Recipes : H(020) snakebites, poison antidote, root bark of Ziziphus lotus, decoction
Region : Western Sahara
Country : Sahara
Vernacular name : sdir (Hassaniya)
Zygophyllum gaetulum Emb. & Maire
Official name : Zygophyllum gaetulum Emb. & Maire
Family : Zygophyllaceae
Symptoms : H(013), H(020), H(192)
Recipes : H(020) snakebites, scorpion stings,H(013) skin infections, H(192) varices, leaves of Zygophyllum gaetulum dried, triturated, heated on the fire, a plaster is made with water and applied in frictions
Region : Western Sahara
Country : Sahara
Vernacular name : aggaya, el barraya (Hassaniya)