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Reference : HW 12

Author(s) : Walsh, M.
Title : The Use of Wild and Cultivated Plants as famine Foods on Pemba Island, Zanzibar Plantes et Sociétés: Études océan Indien 42-43 (2009)
Reference HW 12 has information about 39 plants :
Adansonia digitata L.
Official name : Adansonia digitata L.
Family : Bombacaceae
Synonyms : Adansonia sphaerocarpa A.Chev.
Symptoms : H(095)
Recipes : H(095) Adansonia digitata as food plant in Pemba Island during periods of food shortages
Region : Zanzibar
Country : Tanzania, Zanzibar (Pemba Island)
Vernacular name : mbuyu (swahili), baobab (English)
Aframomum sanguineum (K. Schum.) K. Schum.
Official name : Aframomum sanguineum (K. Schum.) K. Schum.
Family : Zingiberaceae
Synonyms : Aframomum hanburyi K. Schum. , Aframomum angustifolium (Sonn.) K. Schum.
Symptoms : H(095)
Recipes : H(095) Aframomum angustifolium as food plant in Pemba Island during periods of food shortages
Region : Zanzibar
Country : Tanzania, Zanzibar (Pemba Island)
Vernacular name : mtuguu, mtuguu mke (swahili), wild cardamom (English)
Ananas sativus Lindl.
Official name : Ananas sativus Lindl.
Family : Bromeliaceae
Synonyms : Ananas comosus (L.) Merr.
Symptoms : H(095)
Recipes : H(095) Ananas comosus famine as food plant in Pemba Island during periods of food shortages
Region : Zanzibar
Country : Tanzania, Zanzibar (Pemba Island)
Vernacular name : mnanasi mwitu (swahili), wild pineapple (English)
Ancylobotrys petersiana (Klotzsch) Pierre
Official name : Ancylobotrys petersiana (Klotzsch) Pierre
Family : Apocynaceae
Symptoms : H(095)
Recipes : H(095) Ancylobotrys petersiana as food plant in Pemba Island during periods of food shortages
Region : Zanzibar
Country : Tanzania, Zanzibar (Pemba Island)
Vernacular name : mtoria (swahili)
Annona senegalensis Pers.
Official name : Annona senegalensis Pers.
Family : Annonaceae
Synonyms : Annona arenaria Thonn. , Annona chrysophylla Bojer
Symptoms : H(095)
Recipes : H(095) Annona senegalensis as food plant in Pemba Island during periods of food shortages
Region : Zanzibar
Country : Tanzania, Zanzibar (Pemba Island)
Vernacular name : mtopetope (swahili), wild custard apple (English)
Borassus flabellifer var. aethiopum (Mart.) Warb.
Official name : Borassus flabellifer var. aethiopum (Mart.) Warb.
Family : Arecaceae
Synonyms : Borassus aethiopum Mart.
Symptoms : H(095)
Recipes : H(095) Borassus aethiopum as food plant in Pemba Island during periods of food shortages
Region : Zanzibar
Country : Tanzania, Zanzibar (Pemba Island)
Vernacular name : mvumo (swahili), borassus palm (English)
Bridelia micrantha (Hochst.) Baillon
Official name : Bridelia micrantha (Hochst.) Baillon
Family : Phyllanthaceae
Symptoms : H(095)
Recipes : H(095) Bridelia micrantha as food plant in Pemba Island during periods of food shortages
Region : Zanzibar
Country : Tanzania, Zanzibar (Pemba Island)
Vernacular name : mkarati, mtututu (swahili)
Cordia alliodora (Ruiz & Pav.) Oken
Official name : Cordia alliodora (Ruiz & Pav.) Oken
Family : Boraginaceae
Symptoms : H(095)
Recipes : H(095) Cordia alliodora as food plant in Pemba Island during periods of food shortages (species thought to be introduced)
Region : Zanzibar
Country : Tanzania, Zanzibar (Pemba Island)
Vernacular name : mkamasi, mkodia (swahili)
Cycas thouarsii Gaudich.
Official name : Cycas thouarsii Gaudich.
Family : Cycadaceae
Symptoms : H(095)
Recipes : H(095) Cycas thouarsii as food plant in Pemba Island during periods of food shortages (species thought to be introduced) The fruits fully ripe of Cycas thouarsii are split and the flesh removed and dried in the sun for about four days.. It is then fermented in a debe (tin) with layers of banana leaves for a week then powdered to a flour and used as porridge
Region : Zanzibar
Country : Tanzania, Zanzibar (Pemba Island)
Vernacular name : mtapo, mtapu, mgundi (swahili),false sago palm
Deinbollia borbonica Scheff.
Official name : Deinbollia borbonica Scheff.
Family : Sapindaceae
Symptoms : H(095)
Recipes : H(095) Deinbollia borbonica famine as food plant in Pemba Island during periods of food shortages
Region : Zanzibar
Country : Tanzania, Zanzibar (Pemba Island)
Vernacular name : mbotomwaka, mkunguma (swahili), soap berry (English)
Dioscorea dumetorum (Kunth) Pax
Official name : Dioscorea dumetorum (Kunth) Pax
Family : Dioscoreaceae
Symptoms : H(095)
Recipes : H(095) Dioscorea dumetorum famine food plant in Pemba Island. Tubers which are fairly palatable are collected and eaten particularly in times of food shortage. The tuber peeled and then cut it into small pieces and washed, them to soak in plenty of water, in a stream or pond, or even better the sea. After removing the slices of tuber from the water, boil some more water and wash it again. Then you can do whatever you want with it, drying it to make flour for porridge or meal, or cooking it with grated coconut and eating it like that. This elaborate preparation is necessary: elsewhere the tuber is reported to have caused vomiting and death when eaten raw
Region : Zanzibar
Country : Tanzania, Zanzibar (Pemba Island)
Vernacular name : (swahili),
Dioscorea sansibarensis Pax
Official name : Dioscorea sansibarensis Pax
Family : Dioscoreaceae
Symptoms : H(095)
Recipes : H(095) Dioscorea sansibarensis as food plant in Pemba Island during periods of food shortages. The tuber is reported to be poisonous unless properly treated. n Pemba it is treated differently. The cut slices being buried in soil or on the seashore and left for 3 to 4 days after which they are dug up and washed thoroughly, then spread in the sun to dry. The dried slices are pounded into flour and used as porridge.
Region : Zanzibar
Country : Tanzania, Zanzibar (Pemba Island)
Vernacular name : (swahili),
Flacourtia indica (Burm. f.) Merr.
Official name : Flacourtia indica (Burm. f.) Merr.
Family : Flacourtiaceae
Synonyms : Flacourtia ramontchi L’Hér.
Symptoms : H(095)
Recipes : H(095) Flacourtia indica famine as food plant in Pemba Island during periods of food shortages
Region : Zanzibar
Country : Tanzania, Zanzibar (Pemba Island)
Vernacular name : mchongoma (swahili), governor’s plum (English)
Flueggea virosa (Roxb. ex Willd.) Voigt
Official name : Flueggea virosa (Roxb. ex Willd.) Voigt
Family : Euphorbiaceae
Symptoms : H(095)
Recipes : H(095) Flueggea virosaas food plant in Pemba Island during periods of food shortages
Region : Zanzibar
Country : Tanzania, Zanzibar (Pemba Island)
Vernacular name : mkwamba, mkwambakwamba, mkwamba dume (swahili),
Hyphaene coriacea Gaertn.
Official name : Hyphaene coriacea Gaertn.
Family : Arecaceae
Symptoms : H(095)
Recipes : H(095) Hyphaene coriacea as food plant in Pemba Island during periods of food shortages
Region : Zanzibar
Country : Tanzania, Zanzibar (Pemba Island)
Vernacular name : mwaa, mrara (swahili), mkoma pasi (swahili), doum palm (English)
Inhambanella henriquesii (Engl. & Warb.) Dubard
Official name : Inhambanella henriquesii (Engl. & Warb.) Dubard
Family : Sapotaceae
Symptoms : H(095)
Recipes : H(095) Inhambanella henriquesii as food plant in Pemba Island during periods of food shortages
Region : Zanzibar
Country : Tanzania, Zanzibar (Pemba Island)
Vernacular name : mkungupwa, msikundazi (swahili),
Landolphia kirkii Dyer
Official name : Landolphia kirkii Dyer
Family : Apocynaceae
Symptoms : H(095)
Recipes : H(095) Landolphia kirkii as food plant in Pemba Island during periods of food shortages
Region : Zanzibar
Country : Tanzania, Zanzibar (Pemba Island)
Vernacular name : mpo (swahili), rubber vine (English)
Lannea schweinfurthii (Engl.) Engl.
Official name : Lannea schweinfurthii (Engl.) Engl.
Family : Anacardiaceae
Symptoms : H(095)
Recipes : H(095) Lannea schweinfurthii as food plant in Pemba Island during periods of food shortages
Region : Zanzibar
Country : Tanzania, Zanzibar (Pemba Island)
Vernacular name : mfupapo,muumbu, mbu, mmongo (swahili), false marula (English)
Musa acuminata Colla.
Official name : Musa acuminata Colla.
Family : Musaceae
Symptoms : H(095)
Recipes : H(095) Musa acuminata as food plant in Pemba Island during periods of food shortages (species thought to be introduced)
Region : Zanzibar
Country : Tanzania, Zanzibar (Pemba Island)
Vernacular name : mgombatumbili, mgombakofi (swahili), wild banana (English)
Parinari curatellifolia Planch. ex Benth.
Official name : Parinari curatellifolia Planch. ex Benth.
Family : Chrysobalanaceae
Synonyms : Parinari curatellifolia Planch. ex Benth. subsp. mobola (Oliv.) R. A. Graham
Symptoms : H(095)
Recipes : H(095) Parinari curatellifolia as food plant in Pemba Island during periods of food shortages
Region : Zanzibar
Country : Tanzania, Zanzibar (Pemba Island)
Vernacular name : mbura (swahili), mobola plum (English)
Phoenix reclinata Jacq.
Official name : Phoenix reclinata Jacq.
Family : Palmae
Symptoms : H(095)
Recipes : H(095) Phoenix reclinata as food plant in Pemba Island during periods of food shortages
Region : Zanzibar
Country : Tanzania, Zanzibar (Pemba Island)
Vernacular name : mkindu (swahili), wild date palm (English)
Piliostigma thonningii (Schumach.) Milne-Redh.
Official name : Piliostigma thonningii (Schumach.) Milne-Redh.
Family : Fabaceae
Synonyms : Bauhinia thonningii Schumach.
Symptoms : H(095)
Recipes : H(095) Bauhinia thonningii famine as food plant in Pemba Island during periods of food shortages
Region : Zanzibar
Country : Tanzania, Zanzibar (Pemba Island)
Vernacular name : mchekwa (swahili), camel foot (English)
Polysphaeria parvifolia Hiern
Official name : Polysphaeria parvifolia Hiern
Family : Rubiaceae
Symptoms : H(095)
Recipes : H(095) Polysphaeria parvifolia as food plant in Pemba Island during periods of food shortages
Region : Zanzibar
Country : Tanzania, Zanzibar (Pemba Island)
Vernacular name : mkanja, nkanja, mganja, nchakachaka, nshakashaka (swahili)
Rawsonia lucida Harv. & Sond.
Official name : Rawsonia lucida Harv. & Sond.
Family : Achariaceae
Symptoms : H(095)
Recipes : H(095) Rawsonia lucida, as food plant in Pemba Island during periods of food shortages
Region : Zanzibar
Country : Tanzania, Zanzibar (Pemba Island)
Vernacular name : mpera mwitu (swahili)
Rhus natalensis Bernh. ex Krauss
Official name : Rhus natalensis Bernh. ex Krauss
Family : Anacardiaceae
Symptoms : H(095)
Recipes : H(095) Rhus natalensis as food plant in Pemba Island during periods of food shortages
Region : Zanzibar
Country : Tanzania, Zanzibar (Pemba Island)
Vernacular name : mbambi, mkichaka, mkumba (swahili)
Saba comorensis (Bojer) Pichon
Official name : Saba comorensis (Bojer) Pichon
Family : Apocynaceae
Synonyms : Landolphia comorensis (Bojer ex A. DC.) K. Schum.
Symptoms : H(095)
Recipes : H(095) Saba comorensis as food plant in Pemba Island during periods of food shortages
Region : Zanzibar
Country : Tanzania, Zanzibar (Pemba Island)
Vernacular name : mbungo (swahili),
Sorindeia madagascariensis Thouars ex DC.
Official name : Sorindeia madagascariensis Thouars ex DC.
Family : Anacardiaceae
Symptoms : H(095)
Recipes : H(095) Sorindeia madagascariensis as food plant in Pemba Island during periods of food shortages
Region : Zanzibar
Country : Tanzania, Zanzibar (Pemba Island)
Vernacular name : mkunguma, nkunguma nke), mpilipili, mpilipili doria , mtikiza (swahili),
Suregada zanzibariensis Baill.
Official name : Suregada zanzibariensis Baill.
Family : Euphorbiaceae
Symptoms : H(095)
Recipes : H(095) Suregada zanzibarensis as food plant in Pemba Island during periods of food shortages
Region : Zanzibar
Country : Tanzania, Zanzibar (Pemba Island)
Vernacular name : mdimu msitu (swahili),
Synaptolepis kirkii Oliv.
Official name : Synaptolepis kirkii Oliv.
Family : Thymelaeaceae
Symptoms : H(095)
Recipes : H(095) Synaptolepis kirkii as food plant in Pemba Island during periods of food shortages
Region : Zanzibar
Country : Tanzania, Zanzibar (Pemba Island)
Vernacular name : mahari ya paka, mfungapaka (swahili),
Synsepalum brevipes (Baker) T.D.Penn.
Official name : Synsepalum brevipes (Baker) T.D.Penn.
Family : Sapotaceae
Symptoms : H(095)
Recipes : H(095) Synsepalum brevipes as food plant in Pemba Island during periods of food shortages
Region : Zanzibar
Country : Tanzania, Zanzibar (Pemba Island)
Vernacular name : mchocha, mchocha mke (swahili),
Syzygium cumini (L.) Skeels
Official name : Syzygium cumini (L.) Skeels
Family : Myrtaceae
Symptoms : H(095)
Recipes : H(095) Syzygium cumini as food plant in Pemba Island during periods of food shortages (species thought to be introduced)
Region : Zanzibar
Country : Tanzania, Zanzibar (Pemba Island)
Vernacular name : mzambarau (swahili), jambolan, java plum (English)
Tamarindus indica L.
Official name : Tamarindus indica L.
Family : Fabaceae
Synonyms : Tamarindus erythraea Mattei
Symptoms : H(095)
Recipes : H(095) Tamarindus indica as food plant in Pemba Island during periods of food shortages (species thought to be introduced)
Region : Zanzibar
Country : Tanzania, Zanzibar (Pemba Island)
Vernacular name : mkwaju (swahili), tamarind (English)
Typhonodorum lindleyanum Schott
Official name : Typhonodorum lindleyanum Schott
Family : Araceae
Symptoms : H(095)
Recipes : H(095) Typhonodorum lindleyanum as food plant in Pemba Island during periods of food shortage, both tubers and seeds require careful preparation to avoid poisoning, and these are not foods that people would normally seek out.
Region : Zanzibar
Country : Tanzania, Zanzibar (Pemba Island)
Vernacular name : mbie, mtogonya, mtongonya (swahili)
Uapaca paludosa Aubrév. & Leandri
Official name : Uapaca paludosa Aubrév. & Leandri
Family : Euphorbiaceae
Symptoms : H(095)
Recipes : H(095) Uapaca paludosa as food plant in Pemba Island during periods of food shortages
Region : Zanzibar
Country : Tanzania, Zanzibar (Pemba Island)
Vernacular name : mchenza mwitu, mchenza msitu (swahili)
Uapaca sansibarica Pax
Official name : Uapaca sansibarica Pax
Family : Euphorbiaceae
Symptoms : H(095)
Recipes : H(095) Uapaca sansibarica as food plant in Pemba Island during periods of food shortages
Region : Zanzibar
Country : Tanzania, Zanzibar (Pemba Island)
Vernacular name : nchenza nsitu (swahili)
Uvaria acuminata Oliv.
Official name : Uvaria acuminata Oliv.
Family : Annonaceae
Symptoms : H(095)
Recipes : H(095) Uvaria acuminata as food plant in Pemba Island during periods of food shortages
Region : Zanzibar
Country : Tanzania, Zanzibar (Pemba Island)
Vernacular name : mchofuo (swahili)
Uvaria kirkii Oliv. ex Hook. f.
Official name : Uvaria kirkii Oliv. ex Hook. f.
Family : Annonaceae
Symptoms : H(095)
Recipes : H(095) Uvaria kirkii as food plant in Pemba Island during periods of food shortages
Region : Zanzibar
Country : Tanzania, Zanzibar (Pemba Island)
Vernacular name : nchofuo (swahili)
Vitex doniana Sweet
Official name : Vitex doniana Sweet
Family : Verbenaceae
Symptoms : H(095)
Recipes : H(095) Vitex doniana as food plant in Pemba Island during periods of food shortages
Region : Zanzibar
Country : Tanzania, Zanzibar (Pemba Island)
Vernacular name : mfuu (swahili), black plum
Ziziphus mauritiana Lam.
Official name : Ziziphus mauritiana Lam.
Family : Rhamnaceae
Synonyms : Ziziphus jujuba Lam.
Symptoms : H(095)
Recipes : H(095) Ziziphus mauritianaas food plant in Pemba Island during periods of food shortages (species thought to be introduced)
Region : Zanzibar
Country : Tanzania, Zanzibar (Pemba Island)
Vernacular name : nkunazi (swahili), Indian plum