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Reference : VA 29

Author(s) : AFLORA
Title : AFLORA on the Web ( http://130.54.103.36/aflora.nsf) The database of traditional plant utilization in AfricaCenter for African Area Studies, Kyoto University
Reference VA 29 has information about 34 plants :
Acacia brevispica Harms
Official name : Acacia brevispica Harms
Family : Fabaceae
Symptoms : V(000), V(095)
Recipes : Vb(000, f), Vc(095, f), the whole plant
Region : East Africa
Country : Kenya
Vernacular name : lgirigiri (Dorobo) (Suiei)
Acacia raddiana Savi
Official name : Acacia raddiana Savi
Family : Fabaceae
Symptoms : V(095)
Recipes : Vc(095), pods "sagaram" , VO. (important goat's food)
Region : East Africa
Country : Kenya
Vernacular name : ltepes (Dorobo (Suiei)
Achyranthes aspera L.
Official name : Achyranthes aspera L.
Family : Amaranthaceae
Synonyms : Achyranthes annua Dinter , Achyranthes indica (L.) Mill. , Achyranthes aspera L. var. sicula , Achyranthes obovata Peter.
Symptoms : V(095)
Recipes : Vc(095, f), ONS., RNS. (goat's food)
Region : East Africa
Country : Kenya
Vernacular name : lolobakini (Dorobo) (Suiei)
Boscia coriacea Pax
Official name : Boscia coriacea Pax
Family : Capparaceae
Symptoms : V(000)
Recipes : Vb(000, f), roots used as livestock medicine
Region : East Africa
Country : Kenya
Vernacular name : lororoi (Dorobo) (Suiei)
Bridelia micrantha (Hochst.) Baillon
Official name : Bridelia micrantha (Hochst.) Baillon
Family : Phyllanthaceae
Symptoms : V(092)
Recipes : V(092), According to some Mbuti, the inner side of the bark is powdered and pounded together with other plants to make an arrow poison
Region : Central Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (ex. Zaïre) (Nduye, zone of Mambasa, Ituri forest)
Vernacular name : enjeku (Mbuti).The caterpillars feeding on the leaves are also called <enjeku>
Cassia italica subsp. arachoides (Burch.) Brenan
Official name : Cassia italica subsp. arachoides (Burch.) Brenan
Family : Fabaceae
Synonyms : Senna italica subsp. arachoides (Burch.) Lock
Symptoms : V(104)
Recipes : Vc(104), leaves, RNS.
Region : South Africa
Country : Botswana (Kalahari)
Vernacular name : kam (Bushman) (Kalahari central)
Coix lacryma-jobi L.
Official name : Coix lacryma-jobi L.
Family : Poaceae
Symptoms : V(153)
Recipes : Vd(153), the plant is used as a hunting medicine, called "loda", which is appliedto dogs; those plants as "mapebu", "aawa", "dudu" and "bbabba" are also used; the medicine made of those plants is rubbed into the scarifications on the nose of dogs
Region : Central Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (ex. Zaïre) (around the Andiri village, near Nduye, Ituri)
Vernacular name : sapele (Balese ,Efe)
Commiphora africana (A. Rich.) Engl.
Official name : Commiphora africana (A. Rich.) Engl.
Family : Burseraceae
Symptoms : V(092)
Recipes : V(092), the larva of the beetle Diamphidia, from wich San make their arrow poison, feeds exclusirely on these trees
Region : South Africa
Country : Botswana (Kalahari)
Vernacular name : za (Bushman) (Kalahari central)
Cucumis dipsaceus Ehrenb. ex Spach
Official name : Cucumis dipsaceus Ehrenb. ex Spach
Family : Cucurbitaceae
Symptoms : V(095)
Recipes : Vc(095), fruit eaten by goats.
Region : East Africa
Country : Kenya grass-land and bush)
Vernacular name : lduju (Dorobo) (Suiei)
Dichrocephala integrifolia (L.f.) O. Ktze
Official name : Dichrocephala integrifolia (L.f.) O. Ktze
Family : Asteraceae
Synonyms : Dichrocephala bicolor (Roth) Schldl.
Symptoms : V(000)
Recipes : V(000), leaves are put into the anus of chickens for "songo" or "mulombo ya kuku"
Region : Central Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (ex. Zaïre) (around the Andiri village, near Nduye, Ituri)
Vernacular name : kabotakabota (Efe)
Echiochilon lithospermoides Moore
Official name : Echiochilon lithospermoides Moore
Family : Boraginaceae
Symptoms : V(000)
Recipes : Vb(000), whole plant soaked in water and used as livestock medicine
Region : East Africa
Country : Kenya
Vernacular name : lalasho (Dorobo) (Suiei)
Erythrophleum guineense G. Don
Official name : Erythrophleum guineense G. Don
Family : Fabaceae
Synonyms : Erythrophleum suaveolens (Guill. & Perr.) Brenan
Symptoms : V(092)
Recipes : V(092), the juice of the root bark is used for arrow poison. According to Verdcourt & Trump (1969), the bark of this tree is very poisonous and was formerly widely employed throughout Africa
Region : Central Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (ex. Zaïre) (Teturi, Ituri forest)
Vernacular name : tafa (Bira, Mbuti)
Euphorbia cuneata Vahl
Official name : Euphorbia cuneata Vahl
Family : Euphorbiaceae
Symptoms : V(126)
Recipes : Vb(126), sticky latex used as livestock medicine calf's "ndiss" (hepatitis).
Region : East Africa
Country : Kenya
Vernacular name : ltiliman (Dorobo) (Suiei)
Euphorbia sp.
Official name : Euphorbia sp.
Family : Euphorbiaceae
Symptoms : V(014), V(092)
Recipes : Vb(014), latex used for curing a skin disease of livestock
V(092) "mbopon" (latex) used for killing hyaena
Region : East Africa
Country : Kenya
Vernacular name : lparaa (Dorobo) (Suiei)
Ficus exasperata Vahl
Official name : Ficus exasperata Vahl
Family : Moraceae
Symptoms : V(092)
Recipes : V(092), the bark is powdered and pounded with other plants to make an arrow poison
Region : Central Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (ex. Zaïre) (Ituri)
Vernacular name : masawa (Mbuti)
Glycine javanica L.
Official name : Glycine javanica L.
Family : Lamiaceae
Symptoms : V(095)
Recipes : Vc(095), ONS.
Region : East Africa
Country : Kenya
Vernacular name : loieti (Dorobo) (Suiei)
Parinari curatellifolia Planch. ex Benth.
Official name : Parinari curatellifolia Planch. ex Benth.
Family : Chrysobalanaceae
Synonyms : Parinari curatellifolia Planch. ex Benth. subsp. mobola (Oliv.) R. A. Graham
Symptoms : V(201)
Recipes : V(201), the leaves are fastenedto a fish trap so that one may catch o lot of fish. Ritual medicine
Region : Central Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (ex. Zaïre) (Nduye, zone of Mambasa, Ituri forest)
Vernacular name : njinji (Mbuti)
Parquetina nigrescens (Afzel.) Bullock
Official name : Parquetina nigrescens (Afzel.) Bullock
Family : Apocynaceae
Synonyms : Parquetina gabonica Baill.
Symptoms : V(092)
Recipes : V(092), the bark juice is the chief element of the arrow poison called "mutali"
Region : Central Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (ex. Zaïre), Teturi , Ituri Forest
Vernacular name : mutali (Bira , Mbuti )
Parquetina nigrescens (Afzel.) Bullock
Official name : Parquetina nigrescens (Afzel.) Bullock
Family : Apocynaceae
Synonyms : Parquetina gabonica Baill.
Symptoms : V(092)
Recipes : V(092), the plant is used as the main material of arrow poison called "mutali"; the bast is cut into fragments with several other plants, then poisonous liquid is squeezed out of the macerated chips; the poisonous liquid is applied to the tips of arrow-shaf
Region : Central Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (ex. Zaïre) , around Andiri village, near Nduye, Ituri
Vernacular name : mutalikuko (Balese)| orouo (Efe)
Parquetina nigrescens (Afzel.) Bullock
Official name : Parquetina nigrescens (Afzel.) Bullock
Family : Apocynaceae
Synonyms : Parquetina gabonica Baill.
Symptoms : V(092)
Recipes : V(092), mutare (Mbuti), Inner bark is pounded with other plants to make an arrow poison. While many plants are mixed when making an arrow poison, this vine is considered to be the most effective, others being considered just to strengthen the effect of this plant
H(092), (k)oro(k)u(k)o (Efe), the inner bark of the vine is pounded, mixed with other plants, then black tar-like juice is squeezed, then applied to arrowheads, made of the ribs of raffia palm leaves.
Region : Central Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (ex. Zaïre) Nduye, zone of Mambasa - - - Ituri forest
Vernacular name : mutare (Mbuti), (k)oro(k)u(k)o (Efe), ce qui signifie le vin ("kuko") et le poison de flèche ("oro") - - - mutare (Mbuti), (k)oro(k)u(k)o (Efe), Vernacular means vine ("kuko") of arrow poison ("oro"), for which it is used.
Periploca nigrescens Afzel.
Official name : Periploca nigrescens Afzel.
Family : Apocynaceae
Symptoms : V(092)
Recipes : V(092), arrow poison, roots, RNS
Region : West Africa
Country : Congo (Popular republic) (Brazzaville) (ex Brazaville Congo), around the Moumpoutou village, along the Ibenga river, Dedongou district, Likoula region
Vernacular name : mo.mbango (Aka)
Plectranthus caninus Roth.
Official name : Plectranthus caninus Roth.
Family : Lamiaceae
Symptoms : V(022)
Recipes : V(022)used for livestock medicine for making "midon" (the afterbirth) come out
Region : East Africa
Country : Kenya
Vernacular name : laashao (Dorobo) (Suiei)
Plectranthus sp.
Official name : Plectranthus sp.
Family : Lamiaceae
Symptoms : V(092)
Recipes : V(092), considered to be poisonous for goat.
Region : East Africa
Country : Kenya
Vernacular name : nabunap (Dorobo) (Suiei)
Salsola dendroides Pall. var. africana Brenan
Official name : Salsola dendroides Pall. var. africana Brenan
Family : Chenopodiaceae
Symptoms : V(147)
Recipes : Vb(147), given to livestock for salt
Region : East Africa
Country : Kenya
Vernacular name : aduum (Dorobo) (Suiei)
Sansevieria sp.
Official name : Sansevieria sp.
Family : Dracaenaceae
Symptoms : V(092)
Recipes : V(092), the root is pounded with other plant to make arrow poison
Region : Central Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (ex. Zaïre) (Nduye, zone of Mambasa, Ituri forest)
Vernacular name : ringa (Efe)
Solanum sp.
Official name : Solanum sp.
Family : Solanaceae
Symptoms : V(153)
Recipes : Vd(153), the flesh of the fruit is applied to the nose of a dog in order to make the sense of smell sharper.
Region : Central Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (ex. Zaïre) (around the Andiri village, near Nduye, Ituri)
Vernacular name : gugu (Efe)
Strychnos sp.
Official name : Strychnos sp.
Family : Strychnaceae
Symptoms : V(092), V(153)
Recipes : V(092) , the root has a smell of a peculia kind. It is powdered and pounded with other plants to make an arrow poison
Vd(153), the powdered root is put into a dog's nostrils, so that it may smell well. Medicine for hunting dog
Region : Central Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (ex. Zaïre) (Nduye, zone of Mambasa, Ituri forest)
Vernacular name : abiesulu, saamunane (Efe)
Tephrosia vogelii Hook. f.
Official name : Tephrosia vogelii Hook. f.
Family : Fabaceae
Symptoms : V(092)
Recipes : V(092), the leaves are also pounded with other plants to make an arrow poison "mutali"
V(092, 2), The leaves are pounded and put in a stream to poralyse and kill fish
Region : Central Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (ex. Zaïre) (Nduye, zone of Mambasa, Ituri forest)
Vernacular name : bappi, ruru (Mbuti)
Tephrosia vogelii Hook. f.
Official name : Tephrosia vogelii Hook. f.
Family : Fabaceae
Symptoms : V(092)
Recipes : V(092) , the root has a smell of a peculia kind. It is powdered and pounded with other plants to make an arrow poison
Vd(153), the powdered root is put into a dog's nostrils, so that it may smell well. Medicine for hunting dog
Region : Central Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (ex. Zaïre) (Teturi, Ituri forest)
Vernacular name : bappi (Bira , Mbuti )
Tephrosia vogelii Hook. f.
Official name : Tephrosia vogelii Hook. f.
Family : Fabaceae
Symptoms : V(092)
Recipes : V(092), the leaves are pounded together with those plants such as the red pepper "pilipili", "kimakima, etc., and put into small rivers to paralyze fish
Region : Central Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (ex. Zaïre) (around the Andiri village, near Nduye, Ituri)
Vernacular name : ruru (Balese)| lulu (Efe)
Vernonia amygdalina Delile
Official name : Vernonia amygdalina Delile
Family : Asteraceae
Synonyms : Vernonia senegalensis A. Chev. , Gymnanthemum amygdalinum (Delile) Sch. Bip. Ex Walp.
Symptoms : V(092)
Recipes : V(092), the bark is pounded together with other plants to make an arrow poison
Region : Central Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (ex. Zaïre) (Nduye, zone of Mambasa, Ituri forest)
Vernacular name : mpida (Mbuti)
Vernonia amygdalina Delile
Official name : Vernonia amygdalina Delile
Family : Asteraceae
Synonyms : Vernonia senegalensis A. Chev. , Gymnanthemum amygdalinum (Delile) Sch. Bip. Ex Walp.
Symptoms : V(092)
Recipes : V(092), the leaves are used to make fishing poison
Region : Central Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (ex. Zaïre) (Teturi, Ituri forest)
Vernacular name : pida (Bira, Mbuti)
Vernonia sp.
Official name : Vernonia sp.
Family : Asteraceae
Symptoms : V(092)
Recipes : V(092), the plant is used to make fishing poison
Region : Central Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (ex. Zaïre) (around the Andiri village, near Nduye, Ituri)
Vernacular name : pida (Balese, Efe)
Xylopia aethiopica (Dunal) A. Rich.
Official name : Xylopia aethiopica (Dunal) A. Rich.
Family : Annonaceae
Synonyms : Uvaria aethiopica Guil. et Pers.
Symptoms : V(092)
Recipes : V(092), the root of "sange" is pounded with other plants to make an arrow poison "mutali"
Region : Central Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (ex. Zaïre) (Nduye, zone of Mambasa, Ituri forest)
Vernacular name : sange (Mbuti)