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Reference : VD 17

Author(s) : Dold, A.P. & M.L. Cocks
Title : Traditional veterinary medicine in the Alice district of the Eastern Cape Province, South Africa. South African Journal of Science 97 , 375–379. (2001)
Reference VD 17 has information about 58 plants :
Acacia karroo Hayne
Official name : Acacia karroo Hayne
Family : Fabaceae
Symptoms : V(008), V(068), V(068)
Recipes : Vc(008) fresh bark is boiled in water and given to goats to treat diarrhoea.
Vc(068), Vo(068) bark is chopped into small pieces and boiled for ten minutes, cooled and the water given to goats and sheep (200 ml each morning) to treat intestinal parasites.
Region : South Africa
Country : South Africa (Alice district)
Vernacular name : umnga
Acokanthera oppositifolia (L.) Codd
Official name : Acokanthera oppositifolia (L.) Codd
Family : Apocynaceae
Synonyms : Acokanthera venenata auct.
Symptoms : V(047), V(047)
Recipes : Vc(047), Vo(047) leaves are boiled for ten minutes, strained and left to stand overnight and given to goats and sheep (200 ml) to treat heartwater (inyongo).
Region : South Africa
Country : South Africa (Alice district)
Vernacular name : intlungunyembe
Agapanthus praecox Willd.
Official name : Agapanthus praecox Willd.
Family : Amaryllidaceae
Symptoms : V(008), V(008)
Recipes : Vc(008); Vo(008) the root is boiled for ten minutes, cooled, strained and given to sheep and goats (200 ml in the morning) to treat diarrhoea (umkhondo).
Region : South Africa
Country : South Africa (Alice district)
Vernacular name : umkhondo
Aloe ferox Miller
Official name : Aloe ferox Miller
Family : Asphodelaceae
Symptoms : V(008), V(015), V(039), V(107), V(117)
Recipes : Vo(008) leaves of Brachylaena ilicifolia are mixed with the leaves of Leucas capensis and sap of Aloe ferox, boiled, strained and given (200 ml every morning) to lambs with diarrhoea
Vb(015) the leaves are boiled and mixed in the cattle drinking water to prevent red-water (amanzabomvu)
Vv(039), fresh leaves are put into poultry drinking water to prevent them contracting poultry disease and to prevent tick and lice infestation.
Vv(107) leaves are soaked in poultry drinking water to treat fowl typhoid (umbathalala)
Vb(117) leaves of Leucas capensis are mixed with Brachylaena ilicifolia leaves and Aloe ferox sap, boiled, strained and given (200 ml) to stock to treat gallsickness
Region : South Africa
Country : South Africa (Alice district)
Vernacular name : ikhala
Aloe tenuior Haw.
Official name : Aloe tenuior Haw.
Family : Asphodelaceae
Symptoms : V(015), V(030), V(068)
Recipes : Vb(030) the leaves are crushed and boiled in water for 20 minutes, cooled, strained and given to cows (750 ml in the morning) to treat retained after-birth (ukumelwa ngumgcantsi)
Vb(015) redwater,V(068) intestinal parasites, leaves of Aloe tenuior, RNS.
Region : South Africa
Country : South Africa (Alice district)
Vernacular name : umjingqa
Araujia sericifera Brot.
Official name : Araujia sericifera Brot.
Family : Apocynaceae
Symptoms : V(201)
Recipes : Vb(201) the root is used to protect stock from witchcraft; a small piece is buried in the ground at the entrance to the kraal, so that animals will step over it every time they exit.
Region : South Africa
Country : South Africa (Alice district)
Vernacular name : impinda
Arctotis arctoides (L.f.) O.Hoffm.
Official name : Arctotis arctoides (L.f.) O.Hoffm.
Family : Asteraceae
Symptoms : V(047)
Recipes : Vc(047) the whole plant is boiled in water and used to treat heartwater in goats (200 ml per day)
Region : South Africa
Country : South Africa (Alice district)
Vernacular name : ubushwa
Asparagus setaceus (Kunth) Jessop
Official name : Asparagus setaceus (Kunth) Jessop
Family : Asparagaceae
Synonyms : Asparagus plumosus Baker
Symptoms :
Recipes : Vb(220), roots of Asparagus setaceus are mixed with Rhus incisa roots, soaked in cold water and used to treat livestock for shock after an accident
Region : South Africa
Country : South Africa (Alice district)
Vernacular name : imvane
Asparagus suaveolens (Burch.) Oberm.
Official name : Asparagus suaveolens (Burch.) Oberm.
Family : Asparagaceae
Symptoms : V(030)
Recipes : Vb(030) retained placenta in cows, roots, tubers of Asparagus suaveolens, RNS.
Region : South Africa
Country : South Africa (Alice district)
Vernacular name : imvane
Azima tetracantha Lam.
Official name : Azima tetracantha Lam.
Family : Salvadoraceae
Symptoms : V(022)
Recipes : Vb(022) the dried root is ground and bottled in cold water and given to cows to treat dystocia (ukumelwa lithole)
Region : South Africa
Country : South Africa (Alice district)
Vernacular name : igceleya
Boophone disticha (L.f.) Herbert
Official name : Boophone disticha (L.f.) Herbert
Family : Amaryllidaceae
Symptoms : V(006), V(012), V(015)
Recipes : Vb(015) redwater in cattle, V(006) constipation in cattle, V(012) used to facilitate healing of broken limbs, bulb, root, bulb scales of Boophone disticha, RNS
Region : South Africa
Country : South Africa (Alice district)
Vernacular name : ishwadi
Brachylaena ilicifolia (Lam.) Phill.& Schweick
Official name : Brachylaena ilicifolia (Lam.) Phill.& Schweick
Family : Asteraceae
Symptoms : V(008), V(117)
Recipes : Vo(008) leaves of Brachylaena ilicifolia are mixed with the leaves of Leucas capensis and sap of Aloe ferox, boiled, strained and given (200 ml every morning) to lambs with diarrhoea
Vb(117) leaves of Leucas capensis are mixed with Brachylaena ilicifolia leaves and Aloe ferox sap, boiled, strained and given (200 ml) to stock to treat gallsickness
Region : South Africa
Country : South Africa (Alice district)
Vernacular name : umgqheba
Bulbine alooides (L.) Willd.
Official name : Bulbine alooides (L.) Willd.
Family : Asphodelaceae
Symptoms : V(015)
Recipes : Vb(015) a decoction of the root is used to treat redwater (amanzabomvu) in cattle
Region : South Africa
Country : South Africa (Alice district)
Vernacular name : irooiwater
Capparis sepiaria L. var. citrifolia (Lam) Tölken
Official name : Capparis sepiaria L. var. citrifolia (Lam) Tölken
Family : Capparaceae
Symptoms : V(201)
Recipes : Vb(201), a single branch is attached to the entrance of the kraal to protect stock from lightening.
Region : South Africa
Country : South Africa (Alice district)
Vernacular name : iqhagule
Capparis tomentosa Lam.
Official name : Capparis tomentosa Lam.
Family : Capparaceae
Synonyms : Capparis polymorpha Guill. & Pers. , Capparis persicifolia A.Rich.
Symptoms : V(117)
Recipes : V(117) root decoction for gallsickness in stock, paste made from root, ashes
Region : South Africa
Country : South Africa (Alice district of the Eastern Cape)
Vernacular name : not registered
Curtisia dentata (Burn. F.) C.A. Sm.
Official name : Curtisia dentata (Burn. F.) C.A. Sm.
Family : Cornaceae
Symptoms : V(047)
Recipes : Vb(047) bark of Curtisia dentala, together with the bark of Rapanea melanophloeos, is boiled for half an hour, cooled and given to cows (200 ml) followed by one litre of Coca-Cola soft drink to treat heartwater
Region : South Africa
Country : South Africa (Alice district)
Vernacular name : umlahleni
Cussonia spicata Thumb.
Official name : Cussonia spicata Thumb.
Family : Araliaceae
Symptoms : V(030), V(038), V(097x)
Recipes : Vb(030) the bark is used to treat retained afterbirth.
Vb(038), Vb(097x) leaves of Cussonia spicata are used in a remedy together with leaves of Olea europaea subsp. africana to treat cows with bloody urine after calving (endometritus and/or vaginitis).
Region : South Africa
Country : South Africa (Alice district)
Vernacular name : umsenge
Cyphostemma cirrhosum (Thumb.) Descoings ex Wild & Drum.
Official name : Cyphostemma cirrhosum (Thumb.) Descoings ex Wild & Drum.
Family : Vitaceae
Symptoms : V(201)
Recipes : Vb(201) a piece of the stem is cut and buried underground at the entrance to the cattle kraal, so that all animals walk over it when leaving the kraal, thereby ensuring their safety and good health. This procedure is administered by traditional healers only.
Region : South Africa
Country : South Africa (Alice district)
Vernacular name : impinda
Elephantorrhiza elephantina (Burch.) Skeels
Official name : Elephantorrhiza elephantina (Burch.) Skeels
Family : Fabaceae
Symptoms : V(014)
Recipes : Vb(014) root of Elephantorrhiza elephantina given to cows for mange, RNS.
Region : South Africa
Country : South Africa (Alice district)
Vernacular name : intololwana
Exomis microphylla (Thumb.) Aellen var. axyrioides (Fenzl) Aellen
Official name : Exomis microphylla (Thumb.) Aellen var. axyrioides (Fenzl) Aellen
Family : Chenopodiaceae
Symptoms : V(038), V(097x)
Recipes : Vb(038), Vb(097x) a leaf decoction is used in a remedy for endometritis and vaginitis
Region : South Africa
Country : South Africa (Alice district)
Vernacular name : umvenyathi
Exomis microphylla (Thunb.) Aellen
Official name : Exomis microphylla (Thunb.) Aellen
Family : Chenopodiaceae
Symptoms : V(097x)
Recipes : V(097x) endometritis and vaginitis, leaf decoction
Region : South Africa
Country : South Africa (Alice district of the Eastern Cape)
Vernacular name : not registered
Gnidia capitata L.f.
Official name : Gnidia capitata L.f.
Family : Thymelaeaceae
Symptoms : V(041), V(047)
Recipes : Vb(047) heartwater, Vb(041) anthrax in cows, roots of Gnidia capitata decoction
Region : South Africa
Country : South Africa (Alice district)
Vernacular name : isidikili
Grewia occidentalis L.f.
Official name : Grewia occidentalis L.f.
Family : Tiliaceae
Symptoms : V(117)
Recipes : Vb(117) leaves of Grewia occidentalis, mixed with the leaves of Olea europaea subsp. africana and Zanthoxylon capense and the sap of Aloe ferox, are soaked in cold water and used to treat stock with gallsickness
Region : South Africa
Country : South Africa (Alice district)
Vernacular name : umnqabaza
Haemanthus albiflos Jacq
Official name : Haemanthus albiflos Jacq
Family : Amaryllidaceae
Symptoms : V(012)
Recipes : Vb(012) the bulb is pulped and bandaged directly onto a broken limb to facilitate healing.
Region : South Africa
Country : South Africa (Alice district)
Vernacular name : umathunga
Hippobromus pauciflorus (L.f.) Radlk.
Official name : Hippobromus pauciflorus (L.f.) Radlk.
Family : Sapindaceae
Symptoms : V(008), V(047)
Recipes : Vb(008), Vb(047) the bark of Hippobromus pauciflorus is mixed with bark of Protorhus longifolia, grated and boiled for ten minutes, cooled, strained and given to cows (200 ml) to treat heartwater and diarrhoea.
Region : South Africa
Country : South Africa (Alice district)
Vernacular name : ilathile
Hypoestes aristata (Vahl) Sol. ex Roem. & Schult.
Official name : Hypoestes aristata (Vahl) Sol. ex Roem. & Schult.
Family : Acanthaceae
Symptoms : V(095)
Recipes : Vb(095) used to drench calves suffering from a condition referred to as white scours, whole plant of Hypoestes aristata, infusions
Region : South Africa
Country : South Africa (Alice district of the Eastern Cape)
Vernacular name : not registered
Indigofera sessilifolia DC.
Official name : Indigofera sessilifolia DC.
Family : Fabaceae
Symptoms : V(008)
Recipes : Vb(008) roots are used in a treatment for calves with diarrhoea
Region : South Africa
Country : South Africa (Alice district)
Vernacular name : ikubalo
Ledebouria revoluta (L.f.) Jessop
Official name : Ledebouria revoluta (L.f.) Jessop
Family : Hyacinthaceae
Symptoms : V(008), V(117)
Recipes : Vc(008) bulb of Ledebouria revoluta in infusion for diarrhoea in goats
Vc(117) gallsickness, bulbs, leaves, decoction
Region : South Africa
Country : South Africa (Alice district)
Vernacular name : ikreketsana
Leucas capensis (Benth.) Engl.
Official name : Leucas capensis (Benth.) Engl.
Family : Lamiaceae
Symptoms : V(008), V(117)
Recipes : Vo(008) leaves of Brachylaena ilicifolia are mixed with the leaves of Leucas capensis and sap of Aloe ferox, boiled, strained and given (200 ml every morning) to lambs with diarrhoea
Vb(117) leaves of Leucas capensis are mixed with Brachylaena ilicifolia leaves and Aloe ferox sap, boiled, strained and given (200 ml) to stock to treat gallsickness
Region : South Africa
Country : South Africa (Alice district)
Vernacular name : uphiphiyo
Marrubium vulgare L.
Official name : Marrubium vulgare L.
Family : Lamiaceae
Symptoms : V(117)
Recipes : Vb(117) leaves are boiled for 20 minutes, cooled, strained and given to stock to treat gallsickness (200 ml in the morning).
Region : South Africa
Country : South Africa (Alice district)
Vernacular name : umhlonyane
Mystroxylon aethiopicum (Thunb.) Loes
Official name : Mystroxylon aethiopicum (Thunb.) Loes
Family : Celastraceae
Symptoms : V(047)
Recipes : Vb(047) heartwater in cattle, Vb(068) worms in calves, intestinal parasites, barks de Mystroxylon aethiopicum, RNS.
Region : South Africa
Country : South Africa (Alice district)
Vernacular name : umbomvan
Olea europaea L.
Official name : Olea europaea L.
Family : Oleaceae
Symptoms : V(001), V(008), V(038)
Recipes : Vc(001), eyes lotion, ONS. of Olea europaea, RNS.
Vb(038) endometritis, vaginitis, leaves, RNS.
Vc(008) diarrhoea in goats, barks infusion
Region : South Africa
Country : South Africa (Alice district of the Eastern Cape)
Vernacular name : not registered
Olea europaea L.
Official name : Olea europaea L.
Family : Oleaceae
Symptoms : H(001)
Recipes : H(001), eyes lotion, ONS. of Olea europaea, RNS.
Region : South Africa
Country : South Africa (Alice district of the Eastern Cape)
Vernacular name : not registered
Olea europaea L. subsp africana (P.Miller) P.S. Green
Official name : Olea europaea L. subsp africana (P.Miller) P.S. Green
Family : Oleaceae
Synonyms : Olea europaea L. subsp. cuspidata (Wall. ex G.Don) Cif.
Symptoms : V(008), V(038), V(097x), V(117)
Recipes : Vc(008) a bark infusion is used to treat diarrhoea in goats.
Vb(038), Vb(097x) leaves of Olea europaea subsp. africana, together with Cussonia spicata root, are used in a treatment for cows with bloody urine after calving (endomitritis and vaginitis).
Vb(117) leaves of Olea europaea subsp. africana are mixed with Zanthoxylon capense leaves, Grewia occidentalis leaves and Aloe ferox sap as a treatment for gallsickness in cattle. All ingredients are soaked overnight in cold water.
Region : South Africa
Country : South Africa (Alice district)
Vernacular name : umnquma
Pelargonium pulverulentum Colvill ex Sweet
Official name : Pelargonium pulverulentum Colvill ex Sweet
Family : Geraniaceae
Symptoms : V(008), V(047)
Recipes : Vc(008) a root decoction is used to treat diarrhoea in goats. The root is mixed with root of Pelargonium pulveratum of Plumbago auriculata, crushed and soaked in cold water for one hour then strained and the water is given to cows (750 ml) to treat diarrhoea
Vb(047) roots are crushed and soaked in cold water overnight and given to cattle (750 ml in the morning) to treat heartwater.
Region : South Africa
Country : South Africa (Alice district)
Vernacular name : intololwanan uvendle
Phoenix reclinata Jacq.
Official name : Phoenix reclinata Jacq.
Family : Palmae
Symptoms : V(048x)
Recipes : V(048x), roots are mixed with Arctotis arctotoides leaves and boiled for 20 minutes after which the warm liquid is used as a wash to treat footrot (uchwane) in sheep and goats
Region : South Africa
Country : South Africa (Alice district)
Vernacular name : isundu
Plumbago auriculata Lam.
Official name : Plumbago auriculata Lam.
Family : Plumbaginaceae
Symptoms : V(008)
Recipes : Vb(008) the root of Plumbago auriculata of Pelargonium reniforme are soaked for one hour in water, strained and given to cows (750 ml) to treat diarrhoea
Region : South Africa
Country : South Africa (Alice district)
Vernacular name : uchithibunga
Podocarpus falcatus (Thunb.) R. Br. ex Mirbel
Official name : Podocarpus falcatus (Thunb.) R. Br. ex Mirbel
Family : Podocarpaceae
Symptoms :
Recipes : Vcanis(000) leaf decoction is used to treat distemper in dogs (umzananda)
Region : South Africa
Country : South Africa (Alice district)
Vernacular name : ukhoba
Podocarpus latifolius (Thumb.) R. Br. Ex Mirb.
Official name : Podocarpus latifolius (Thumb.) R. Br. Ex Mirb.
Family : Podocarpaceae
Symptoms : V(000), V(117)
Recipes : Vcanis(000) a leaf decoction is used to treat distemper in dogs, distemper in dogs (umzananda)
Vb(117) gallsickness in cattle leaves roots or barks of Podocarpus latifolius decoction
Region : South Africa
Country : South Africa (Alice district)
Vernacular name : ukhoba
Polystachya ottoniana Rchb. f.
Official name : Polystachya ottoniana Rchb. f.
Family : Orchidaceae
Symptoms : V(201)
Recipes : Vb(201), the whole plant is crushed and mixed in a bucket of cold water, which is splashed against the walls of the kraal. This protects the animals from evil and ensures good health. The procedure is only administered by traditional healers.
Region : South Africa
Country : South Africa (Alice district)
Vernacular name : iphamba
Protorhus longifolia (Bernh.) Engl.
Official name : Protorhus longifolia (Bernh.) Engl.
Family : Anarcardiaceae
Symptoms : V(008), V(047)
Recipes : Vb(008), Vb(047) the bark of Protorhus longifolia is mixed with bark of Hippobromus pauciflorus and boiled for 20 minutes, strained and given to cows (200 ml) to treat heartwater and diarrhoea
Region : South Africa
Country : South Africa (Alice district)
Vernacular name : uzintlwa
Prunus persica (L.) Batsch
Official name : Prunus persica (L.) Batsch
Family : Rosaceae
Synonyms : Amygdalus persica L.
Symptoms : V(008), V(012)
Recipes : Vo(008), Vc(008) a leaf decoction is given to lambs and kid goats to treat diarrhoea
V(012) broken bones, roots, RNS.
Region : South Africa
Country : South Africa (Alice district)
Vernacular name : ipesika
Rapanea melanophloeos (L.) Mez
Official name : Rapanea melanophloeos (L.) Mez
Family : Primulaceae
Symptoms : V(047)
Recipes : Vb(047) the bark of Rapanea melanophloeios, together with bark of Curtisia dentata, is boiled for half an hour, cooled and given to cows (200 ml) followed by one litre of Coca-Cola to treat heartwater
Region : South Africa
Country : South Africa (Alice district)
Vernacular name : umaphipha
Rhoicissus tridentata (L.f.) Wild & Drummond
Official name : Rhoicissus tridentata (L.f.) Wild & Drummond
Family : Vitaceae
Synonyms : Rhoicissus erythrodes (Fresen.) Planch.
Symptoms : V(008), V(008)
Recipes : Vc(008), Vo(008) the tuber is boiled in water for 15 minutes and given to goats and sheep (200 ml in the morning) to treat diarrhoea
Region : South Africa
Country : South Africa (Alice district)
Vernacular name : ichitibunga
Rhus incisa L.f.
Official name : Rhus incisa L.f.
Family : Anacardiaceae
Symptoms : V(008)
Recipes : Vb(008) bark is crushed and soaked in cold water for ten minutes and then given to cows (750 ml) to treat diarrhoea.
Vb(220) roots of Rhus incisa, mixed with Asparagus setaceus roots, are soaked in cold water that is given to livestock as a treatment for shock after an accident.
Region : South Africa
Country : South Africa (Alice district)
Vernacular name : unongquthu
Sansevieria hyacinthoides (L.) Druce
Official name : Sansevieria hyacinthoides (L.) Druce
Family : Dracaenaceae
Symptoms : V(001)
Recipes : Vc(001), VO(001) conjonctivitis, fresh leaf sap is applied directly into the eyes of sheep or goats with conjunctivitis (isifo samehlo)
Region : South Africa
Country : South Africa (Alice district)
Vernacular name : isolokotho
Sarcostemma viminale (L.) R. Br.
Official name : Sarcostemma viminale (L.) R. Br.
Family : Apocynaceae
Symptoms : V(002)
Recipes : Vb(002) the stems are dried, powdered, mixed in cold water and given to cattle to encourage lactation (isaqakha).
Region : South Africa
Country : South Africa (Alice district)
Vernacular name : umbelebele
Schotia latifolia Jacq.
Official name : Schotia latifolia Jacq.
Family : Fabaceae
Symptoms : V(015)
Recipes : Vb(015) a bark decoction is used in a treatment for redwater in cattle
Region : South Africa
Country : South Africa (Alice district)
Vernacular name : umgxam
Secamone filiformis (L.f.) J.H. Ross
Official name : Secamone filiformis (L.f.) J.H. Ross
Family : Apocynaceae
Symptoms : V(008)
Recipes : Vb(008) calve, the stem is ground and mixed with cold water and given to cattle to treat diarrhoea
Region : South Africa
Country : South Africa (Alice district)
Vernacular name : imbijele
Sideroxylon inerme L.
Official name : Sideroxylon inerme L.
Family : Sapotaceae
Symptoms : V(015)
Recipes : Vb(015) the bark is crushed and boiled for 20 minutes and the decoction given to cattle (200 ml in the morning) to treat redwater.
Region : South Africa
Country : South Africa (Alice district)
Vernacular name : umqwashu
Solanum mauritianum Scop.
Official name : Solanum mauritianum Scop.
Family : Solanaceae
Symptoms : V(022)
Recipes : Vb(022) two spoons-full of grated root are boiled for ten minutes and given to cows (750 ml every second day) to treat dystocia.
Region : South Africa
Country : South Africa (Alice district)
Vernacular name : umbangabanga
Stangeria eriopus (Kunze) Baill.
Official name : Stangeria eriopus (Kunze) Baill.
Family : Zamiaceae
Symptoms : V(068)
Recipes : Vb(068) the rootstock is dried, grated and fed to livestock to treat internal parasites
Region : South Africa
Country : South Africa (Alice district)
Vernacular name : umfingwani
Strychnos decussata (Pappe) Gilg
Official name : Strychnos decussata (Pappe) Gilg
Family : Strychnaceae
Symptoms : V(068)
Recipes : Vb(068) the bark is crushed and soaked in water for 20 minutes, after which the infusion is strained and given to cows (750 ml) to treat roundworm
Region : South Africa
Country : South Africa (Alice district)
Vernacular name : umnonono
Strychnos henningsii Gilg
Official name : Strychnos henningsii Gilg
Family : Strychnaceae
Symptoms : V(008), V(047)
Recipes : Vb(008), Vb(047) the bark is boiled for 20 minutes, strained and given to cattle (200 ml) for heartwater and diarrhoea
Region : South Africa
Country : South Africa (Alice district)
Vernacular name : umnonono
Teucrium africanum Thumb.
Official name : Teucrium africanum Thumb.
Family : Lamiaceae
Symptoms : V(117), V(047), V(047), V(050)
Recipes : Vb(117) leaves are used in a remedy for gallsickness in cattle.
Vc(047), Vo(047) leaves are boiled for 20 minutes and given (200 ml in the morning) to goats and sheep to treat heartwater
Vc(050) leaf decoction is given (750 ml twice a day) to goats with bloat (uqunjelo).
Region : South Africa
Country : South Africa (Alice district)
Vernacular name : ubuhlungu bebhokhwe
Urginea altissima (L.f.) Bak.
Official name : Urginea altissima (L.f.) Bak.
Family : Hyacinthaceae
Symptoms : V(030), V(068)
Recipes : Vb(030) a bulb decoction is used to treat retained afterbirth
Vb(068) a bulb decoction is given to cattle to rid them of intestinal parasites
Region : South Africa
Country : South Africa (Alice district)
Vernacular name : uzabokwe
Vernonia mespilifolia Less.
Official name : Vernonia mespilifolia Less.
Family : Asteraceae
Symptoms : V(047)
Recipes : Vb(047) stems are cut up and boiled for 20 minutes, cooled, strained and given (200 ml) to goats with heartwater
Region : South Africa
Country : South Africa (Alice district)
Vernacular name : uhlunguhlungu
Zanthoxylum capense (Thumb.) Harv.
Official name : Zanthoxylum capense (Thumb.) Harv.
Family : Rutaceae
Symptoms : V(117)
Recipes : Vb(117) leaves of Zanthoxylum capense are mixed with Grewia occidentalis, Olea europaea subsp. africana leaves and Aloe ferox sap, soaked in cold water and given to stock with gallsickness.
Region : South Africa
Country : South Africa (Alice district)
Vernacular name : umlungumabele